Author Topic: Wheat experts warn of worldwide disease threat  (Read 3918 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline Optimus

  • Globalist Destroyer
  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 12,802
    • GlobalGulag.com
Wheat experts warn of worldwide disease threat
« on: March 17, 2009, 02:41:46 pm »
Wheat experts warn of worldwide disease threat
http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=CNG.8fed10eae465d9a0a5404e96af79f930.541&show_article=1&catnum=0
Mar 17 01:43 PM US/Eastern

A virulent strain of an old plant disease is threatening wheat production worldwide, experts warned in Mexico Tuesday, but they also reported progress in developing new varieties to try to beat it.
 
The dangerous new form of stem rust -- known as Ug99 for its discovery in Uganda 10 years ago -- has already spread across East Africa and the Middle East toward South Asia, according to research presented at the start of a four-day international meeting in Ciudad Obregon.

Ninety percent of the varieties planted around the world lack resistance to the reddish, wind-borne fungus that is already well established in Kenya, where it has decimated 80 percent of wheat in some areas, the experts said.

"That's the level you can expect," said Ravi Singh, a wheat geneticist and pathologist from the Mexico-based International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center.

Scientists led by Singh announced a breakthrough in their efforts to develop new varieties of wheat that are not only resistant to Ug99, but also produce more grain than today's most popular varieties.

Averting a crisis will require farmers to replace their existing varieties with resistant ones, even though they may not face an immediate threat, the experts said, pointing to a campaign underway in India to persuade farmers to switch.

"It's important to get something done before it hits," Singh told AFP.

Stem rust has plagued wheat farmers for thousands of years, but for the last 50 years it was largely under control thanks to resistant varieties developed by scientists led by pioneering US agronomist Norman Borlaug.

Their work, undertaken in Mexico, is credited with launching a "green revolution" that saved billions from starvation across the world and won Borlaug a Nobel Peace Prize.

"Our scientists are making incredibly rapid progress, but we should have no illusions: a global food crisis is still a distinct possibility if governments and international institutions fail to support this rescue mission," Borlaug said in a statement Tuesday.


“The Constitution is not an instrument for the government to restrain the people,
it's an instrument for the people to restrain the government.” – Patrick Henry

>>> Global Gulag Media & Forum <<<

Offline ConcordeWarrior

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 2,346
Re: Wheat experts warn of worldwide disease threat
« Reply #1 on: March 17, 2009, 02:46:19 pm »
It's obvious that the NWO Monsanto et al. who are creating these diseases with their GMOs nanotech and all that evil stuff, be it HIV/AIDS, H5N1, Morgellons and others. This is all fabricated to kill what they think are surplus people.
The Sky is My Home

Offline TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 20,412
Re: Wheat experts warn of worldwide disease threat
« Reply #2 on: March 18, 2009, 02:52:01 pm »
Since Monsanto was thwarted from releasing BT-Wheat into production, the push for a "reason" for GMO wheat has been building....

http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/April08/wheat.rust.lm.html

April 2, 2008
Gates Foundation awards Cornell $26.8 million
to lead global fight against deadly wheat plague

By Linda McCandless

Cornell has been awarded a $26.8 million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to launch a broad-based global partnership to combat stem rust, a deadly wheat disease that poses a serious threat to global food security.

Wheat, which is one of the world's primary food staples, accounts for about 30 percent of the world's production of grain crops. Scientists estimate that 90 percent of all wheat varieties planted around the globe are susceptible to the virulent new wheat stem rust type, known as Ug99. More than 50 million small-scale farmers in India rely on wheat for their food and income; other vulnerable regions include Pakistan, East Africa, China, the Middle East and North Africa.

The Gates Foundation-funded partnership, the new Durable Rust Resistance in Wheat project, will bring together 15 institutions to combat the emergence of deadly new variants of stem rust that can spread quickly, reducing healthy wheat to broken, shriveled stems. The partners will focus on developing improved rust-resistant wheat varieties to protect resource-poor farmers as well as consumers from catastrophic crop losses.

Ronnie Coffman, a Cornell professor of plant breeding who is director of international programs at Cornell's College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, announced the grant at a meeting at wheat research facilities in northwest Mexico used by the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT). Coffman will direct the consortium of global partners while Rick Ward, previously a wheat breeder with CIMMYT and Michigan State University, has been hired by Cornell as the project coordinator.

"The rust pathogens recognize no political boundaries, and their spores need no passport to travel thousands of miles in the jet streams. Containing these deadly enemies of the wheat crop requires alert and active scientists, strong international research networks and effective seed supply programs," said Nobel laureate Norman E. Borlaug, who developed the "green revolution" wheats beginning in the 1940s and is credited with bringing radical change to world agriculture and saving hundreds of millions of lives.

Borlaug, who was in Mexico for the grant announcement, continued, "The new wheat project is a critical component in building an effective research and development response to the current stem rust threat, and can help avert a global rust pandemic that can rob tens of millions of tons from production."

World awareness of the highly feared wheat disease is largely due to Borlaug's advocacy, most recently through the Borlaug Global Rust Initiative, which will work closely with the new wheat project.

The program will enlist the Ethiopian Institute for Agricultural Research and the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute to be key research sites to develop new resistant varieties, in collaboration with scientists at CIMMYT, the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Area in Syria and the International Rice Research Institute in the Philippines. The U.N.'s Food and Agriculture Organization and advanced research laboratories in the United States, Canada, China, Australia and South Africa will also collaborate on the project.

"Resource-poor farmers are particularly vulnerable to wheat stem disease, which has the potential to wipe out entire crops," said Rajiv Shah, director of agricultural development for the Gates Foundation's Global Development Program. "We're excited about the potential of this partnership to catalyze the increased global investments necessary to fight this powerful disease."

"Farmers need access to wheat varieties that can resist the new type of wheat stem rust, especially in developing nations where reliance on wheat is high and budgets for fungicides almost nonexistent," said Coffman.

The Gates Foundation has to date committed more than $700 million in grants as part of a broad agricultural development strategy aimed at providing millions of small farmers in the developing world with tools and opportunities to boost their productivity, increase their incomes and build better lives.

For more information about the new project, see http://www.wheatrust.cornell.edu.


Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Offline TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 20,412
Re: Wheat experts warn of worldwide disease threat
« Reply #3 on: April 16, 2009, 05:23:03 pm »
http://prismwebcastnews.com/2009/03/31/significant-progress-in-developing-non-ge-wheat-resistance-against-ug99-stem-rust/

Significant progress in developing non-GE wheat resistance against Ug99 stem rust
Tuesday, March 31, 2009

The world’s leading wheat experts from Australia, Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas—invited to Mexico by Nobel Prize Winner Norman Borlaug—today reported significant progress in developing new varieties of wheat capable of resisting a virulent form of an old plant disease that threatens wheat production worldwide.

But research released at the Borlaug Global Rust Initiative 2009 Technical Workshop also confirmed that the dangerous and newly-emerged stem rust race known as Ug99 is now in Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Sudan, Yemen and Iran, and is on the march toward South Asia.

According to scientists at the four-day conference in Ciudad Obregón, longer distance movement to other regions cannot be excluded. They estimate that 90 percent of the varieties planted in farmers’ fields around the world lack resistance to the pathogen. Named for its discovery in Uganda ten years ago, Ug99 is well established already in Kenya, where in some areas the reddish, wind-borne fungus has decimated 80 percent of the wheat in farmers’ fields.

”We should keep a close eye on any movements into southern Africa as well, because there is historical evidence that high altitude winds and even hurricanes can transport plant pathogens from that region into the Americas and Australia, although these would be rare events,” said David Hodson, a Geographic Information Systems (GIS) expert who is involved with the Global Cereal Rust Monitoring System and works with the Mexico-based International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (in Spanish: Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maíz y Trigo, or CIMMYT).

Every region of the world is represented at the meeting in Ciudad Obregón, which was organized by the Borlaug Global Rust Initiative, a group led by, among others, CIMMYT, the Syria-based International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Cornell University, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), and the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR). Both CIMMYT and ICARDA are supported by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). (For a complete list of the executive committee of the Borlaug Global Rust Initiative, please see: http://www.globalrust.org/about_us.cfm?m=2.)

New Varieties Showing Resistance to Ug99

In a new study released at the event, researchers from CIMMYT, ICARDA, the Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (KARI), and the Ethiopian Institute for Agricultural Research (EIAR) described a breakthrough in their efforts to develop new varieties of wheat that are not only resistant to Ug99, but also produce more grain than today’s most popular varieties.

Ravi Singh, a CIMMYT wheat geneticist and pathologist and lead author of the study, said highyielding, Ug99-resistant spring wheat varieties are rapidly emerging through an intensive international ”shuttle breeding program.” Breeding materials under development in CIMMYT’s test fields in Ciudad Obregón and Toluca—and at ICARDA fields in Aleppo, Syria—are sent to Kenya and Ethiopia, where they are exposed to Ug99 in real world conditions. They are then sent back to Mexico or Syria for further refinement and then back to Kenya and Ethiopia for more exposure.

Through this approach, scientists—also shuttling between continents —have produced new types of high-yield wheat that contain what plant breeders call ”multiple minor genes” that have resistance to Ug99. Though this strategy may not provide the same level of protection as that provided by one or two major genes, it is high enough to be effective, and the researchers believe that by forcing the fungus to overcome a larger array of genetic barriers, these new wheat varieties could provide long-term protection against future stem rust mutations.

There are numerous examples in the last century of stem rust mutating and ”defeating” wheat plants that have contained single major resistance genes. One of the alarming hallmarks of Ug99 is that in Kenya it has mutated and overcome two additional major stem rust resistance genes called Sr24 and Sr36 that had been effective against the original form of Ug99.

”We believe that this approach of endowing a plant with many minor resistance genes in combination can provide resistance comparable to the best single major resistance gene, giving us the potential to end this dangerous arms race against wheat stem rust,” Singh said, noting that many countries have contributed plant materials and expertise to the program.

Higher Yields Key in Promoting Resistant Varieties in at-Risk Regions

A significant achievement with the varieties produced in the project is that they provide superior yields. This is of major importance, as the battle against Ug99 appears to be shifting from a scientific challenge to a logistical one. Averting a crisis will require farmers to replace their existing varieties with resistant ones, even though they may not face an immediate threat from Ug99. But convincing the farmers to switch requires offering resistant varieties that also produce higher yields.

An update from the Global Cereal Rust Monitoring System shows that the mutated fungus could be headed for South Asia, where farmers, many of them poor subsistence growers, produce 19 percent of the world’s wheat for a population of 1.4 billion people. The monitoring system also has implemented wind models showing that Ug99, which has moved out of eastern Africa to the Middle East, could soon travel to the Caucasus, Central Asia, or Afghanistan.

’Massive Effort” Needed to Combat Old Foe, Says Borlaug

Borlaug, whose call to action inspired the creation of the stem rust initiative, said that new findings regarding the expected trajectory of Ug99—and its wily ability to mutate quickly— reinforces the need for ongoing research and for supporting a massive effort to scale up production and distribution of resistant varieties in vulnerable nations.

”Our scientists are making incredibly rapid progress, but we should have no illusions: a global food crisis is still a distinct possibility if governments and international institutions fail to support this rescue mission,” said Borlaug, who warned that, even in today’s environment of dwindling resources, governments cannot afford to jeopardize a crop that provides 20 percent of the world’s food calories.

Stem rust has plagued wheat farmers for thousands of years, but for the last 50 years it has been largely forgotten thanks to resistant varieties developed by a group of scientists lead by Borlaug. Their work, undertaken just a few miles from the site of the Obregón conference, is credited with launching a Green Revolution that saved billions from starvation and earned Borlaug a Nobel Peace Prize.

But in 1998, the stem rust variant discovered in Uganda showed itself able to overcome the resistance that had been established by Borlaug’s team and refined over the years by a growing cadre of wheat breeders at national and international research centers. These experts watched with growing alarm as Ug99 quickly moved to Kenya, where it has undergone mutations and proven capable of cutting wheat yields by 20 to 80 percent, with isolated incidents of 100 percent destruction.

Producing and Introducing Resistant Varieties in Nations at Risk

The response on all fronts has been swift and is producing results far faster than anyone had expected. For example, researchers in Iran noted they have begun producing seed of the new varieties for testing in more extensive field trials. And scientists from India reported the results of an intensive campaign underway in different regions to convince farmers that they will need to switch to Ug99-resistant wheat before the disease arrives in the country.

Other efforts are underway to spur testing and seed production in Egypt, Bangladesh, Nepal, Ethiopia, and Afghanistan as part of the Famine Fund Wheat Rust Project funded by the US Agency for International Development (USAID).

GPS Tracking Units to Monitor Ug99 Migration; Warming Trends May Affect Path

Hodson said the monitoring project, which emerged from the BGRI partnership and will soon be under the auspices of FAO, recently distributed GPS tracking units and surveillance protocols to teams in 29 countries. The goal is to expand and accelerate the flow of real-time surveillance data to an online monitoring system that keeps track of Ug99 and provides timely information to decision-makers.

Scientists at the conference also considered new evidence that global warming could send stem rust into parts of the world where it has never been seen before. For example, Ug99 already has been found in a part of Iran where no wheat stem rust of any type had ever been documented. However, it is not clear whether its spread to that particular region is connected to climate change.

A team of researchers from the Southern Cone region of South America, where there are approximately 9 million hectares of wheat under cultivation, said there is intense interest in both the spread of Ug99 and the effort to develop resistant varieties. They noted that studies completed last year show that most of the wheat in the region is susceptible to Ug99.

Global Collaboration on Stem Rust Benefiting Science, Public

Many people involved in the conference said that the unprecedented effort to combat Ug99 has resulted in a new level of international scientific collaboration that could provide a range of benefits for global food production.

”What you see in Obregón is that we have put together a very powerful team for fighting Ug99, but its value extends well beyond this threat,” said Ronnie Coffman, Director of the Durable Rust Resistance in Wheat project at Cornell. ”Farmers also need more productive varieties to feed a growing population and they will need varieties that can survive any new stresses induced by climate change.”

Thomas Lumpkin, Director General of CIMMYT, noted that the lack of investment over the last decades in wheat breeding programs and facilities has put the world in a weak position to combat newly emerging dangers such as Ug99. ”It’s a classic case in which few are aware of these deficiencies until the capabilities and innovations are needed,” Lumpkin said. ”The BGRI, through its coordinated efforts so evident in this meeting, is pulling us back from the brink of a Ug99 disaster. But the funding base for R&D is still too small to tackle problems such as emerging new disease strains and the increasing temperatures and water scarcity that are resulting from climate change in major wheat-producing areas.”

###

About the BGRI
The Borlaug Global Rust Initiative, chaired by Dr. N.E. Borlaug, replaces the Global Rust Initiative (GRI) established as an outcome of the May 2005 Expert Panel report of race Ug99 in Kenya and Ethiopia and the potential for impact in neighboring regions and beyond. The BGRI has the overarching objective of systematically reducing the world’s vulnerability to stem, yellow, and leaf rusts of wheat and advocating/facilitating the evolution of a sustainable international system to contain the threat of wheat rusts and continue the enhancements in productivity required to withstand future global threats to wheat. For more information, please visit
http://www.globalrust.org/ .

About the CGIAR
The CGIAR, established in 1971, is a strategic partnership of countries, international and regional organizations and private foundations supporting the work of 15 international centers. In collaboration with national agricultural research systems, civil society and the private sector, the CGIAR fosters sustainable agricultural growth through high-quality science aimed at benefiting the poor through stronger food security, better human nutrition and health, higher incomes and improved management of natural resources. For more information, please visit http://www.cgiar.org .

About CIMMYT
CIMMYT is an internationally funded, not-for-profit organization that conducts research and training related to maize and wheat throughout the developing world. CIMMYT works to create, share, and use knowledge and technologies to increase food security, improve the productivity and profitability of farming systems, and sustain natural resources. For more information, please visit http://www.cimmyt.org .
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Offline Elvis

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1,356
  • just one
Re: Wheat experts warn of worldwide disease threat
« Reply #4 on: April 16, 2009, 05:49:59 pm »
"When the tyrant has disposed of foreign enemies by conquest or treaty, and there is nothing more to fear from them, then he is always stirring up some war or other, in order that the people may require a leader." ~ Plato
"A great civilization is not conquered from without until it has destroyed itself from within." - Will Durant

Offline David Rothscum

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 5,683
Re: Wheat experts warn of worldwide disease threat
« Reply #5 on: April 16, 2009, 05:58:54 pm »
It's the perfect storm. All evidence points at massive famines this years or the next years.

Offline chris jones

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 21,829
Re: Wheat experts warn of worldwide disease threat
« Reply #6 on: April 16, 2009, 08:49:00 pm »
It's the perfect storm. All evidence points at massive famines this years or the next years.
[/quote

Hi David, agreed, one question if you don't mind, will it in your oppinion backfire. They have certainly hit us from every imaginable angle, have they missed something in their plot.
I can't find the words for it nor can I come up with a definite, but i have a nagging thought that there  is an Achilles heel in there masterpiece of deception..
When at the precipice there is a uniting?

Offline David Rothscum

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 5,683
Re: Wheat experts warn of worldwide disease threat
« Reply #7 on: April 17, 2009, 08:26:41 am »
It's the perfect storm. All evidence points at massive famines this years or the next years.
[/quote

Hi David, agreed, one question if you don't mind, will it in your oppinion backfire. They have certainly hit us from every imaginable angle, have they missed something in their plot.
I can't find the words for it nor can I come up with a definite, but i have a nagging thought that there  is an Achilles heel in there masterpiece of deception..
When at the precipice there is a uniting?
Well, we can only hope it fires back at them. It's a possibility, but the probability depends on our efforts to inform people who to blame for the famines. Not people who drive in SUV's and cause global warming, not people in the 3rd world who have too many children. It's the people who already wrote in books and documents like NSSM 200 that they would use food as a weapon that are responsible. People won't just sit there and watch their children starve to death, well at least not in the 3rd world. There'll be riots. Let's just hope we can help them find out who's responsible for it. I'm not expecting them to indict Henry Kissinger and David Rockefeller and proclaim a libertarian republic (I'd cry tears of joy), it'd be a step in the right direction if they figured out they need to keep the IMF and the World Bank out of their country and take matters into their own hands, even if that involves some socialism.

Offline TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 20,412
Re: Wheat experts warn of worldwide disease threat
« Reply #8 on: April 07, 2010, 02:41:13 pm »
related:  US Gov't Completely Out of Wheat? No Emergency Reserves Either  Both threads need update....
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5