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Offline Dig

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Creating a smart grid: GE Plan for total enslavement
« on: February 24, 2008, 12:03:07 pm »
Creating a Smart Grid
Aug 1, 2007 12:00 PM
By Joe Belechak, Westinghouse Electric Co.

SMART GRID IS A HOT TOPIC IN THE UTILITY BUSINESS TODAY. All of the industry's stakeholders are interested in this subject and involved at some level. But, it is not obvious to me, at any level, that there is a simple, clear framework in place that will allow the industry to modernize the grid and deliver the value that utility executives are seeking.

So, what is the smart grid? I see the smart grid as an intelligent two-way network used to deliver base load and alternative energy supply to our customers. It integrates energy efficiency, demand response and distributed-resources technologies to enable the grid operators to make intelligent decisions that help them run the grid more efficiently, reliably and at a lower cost. Ultimately, technology can greatly improve the ability of the system to react in an automated manner in real time, but let's walk first before we run.

So, while the grid is the delivery channel by which we can introduce these tools and technologies into the mix, demand response, distributed resources, alternative energy and energy efficiency have fundamental differences.

For example, Jimmy Ervin, a commissioner for the North Carolina Utility Commission, correctly states that energy efficiency is a tool to reduce the need for base load, while demand response is used primarily to reduce peak loads. These are two very different tools to deliver very different outcomes, but we often hear energy efficiency and demand response talked about as if they are interchangeable. They are complementary perhaps, but not the same.

We similarly see renewables and distributed resources grouped together. In fact, I've seen alternative-energy portfolio standards legislation where all of these disparate options are lumped together in umbrella legislation. We need to get clarity about how each of these can help solve the increasingly difficult and complex problem of meeting the rising demand in a clean, efficient, reliable and cost-effective way.

We need to be careful to understand the differences in these technologies and their purposes, or we will add to the confusion and make it difficult to promote consistent, clear legislation and regulation.

It appears that much of what is being developed today is focused on communications platforms and protocols to move data. Moving data, however, will not make utilities any smarter about how to optimally operate the grid. In fact, more data might make things worse. If the data can't be harnessed and converted into grid intelligence, then the notion of a smart grid won't evolve beyond the conceptual stage.

As a former COO of an investor-owned electric utility, it concerns me when I hear folks continue to say that the reason utilities haven't made more progress is that they won't change how they do business. Quite the opposite is true. We have restructured, deregulated, improved the efficiency of our collective capital investment, extended useful lives of assets and gone to a process-based approach to managing our infrastructure. The fact that the real price of electricity is lower today than in the past speaks volumes about the industry's ability to innovate and operate more efficiently.

We also have invested a significant amount in technology, but it has not delivered the value promised. Typically that has been blamed on the utilities' inability to integrate technology, but that has not been the sole reason. Oftentimes, the technology itself has required utilities to change their core processes to make the applications work. This is fundamentally wrong. Only recently have a few vendors begun to approach the development of solutions from an enterprise perspective.

A significant number of organizations are now focusing on various aspects of grid intelligence. But it is unclear how these groups ultimately might converge and agree on common open architectures, protocols and standards necessary to create the framework that will allow us to build the 21st century grid.

We hear a lot of talk that the market will create the solutions necessary to make the grid smart. I'm not sure. If our “efficient markets” truly drove proper investments, would we need the U.S. Department of Energy to identify national transmission corridors?

It's been my experience that utility executives are eager to implement new technologies to help us optimize the operation of the grid. Unfortunately, the framework that would align policy, technology, our customers and the grid is not in place today. Absent that, we'll only make incremental progress.

We must clearly articulate our vision for modernizing the grid and then, with strong leadership, use our people, processes and technologies to create innovative solutions. Let's first take the time to understand what we want to get out of a smart grid, then figure out how to develop it in a way and in a time frame that will enable us to address the well-chronicled challenges we face.

Joe Belechak is vice president of strategy for Westinghouse Electric Co. He previously served as senior vice president and COO of Duquesne Light Co.
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

Offline Dig

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Re: Creating a smart grid: GE Plan for total enslavement
« Reply #1 on: February 24, 2008, 12:05:34 pm »
Smart Grid Baby Steps
Dave Roberts has a good little post on the first steps towards a smart grid in the UK.
One piece of the smart-grid puzzle is home electricity monitoring -- allowing homeowners (and eventually business and factory owners) to track their electricity use in real time. As the old saw goes, what gets measured gets done. Simply making people aware of energy flows is the first step to helping them modulate those flows efficiently.

On that note, it's fantastic to see this: soon, every household in the U.K. will be able to request a smart meter and have it installed for free.

The next step, of course, is giving homeowners more automated control. One part of that is smart, grid-networked appliances that can modulate their electricity use based on current power availability and pricing. Another part is giving homeowners a way to store energy, so they can shift to stored energy at peak hours when electricity prices are higher (assuming variable pricing is put in place) -- plug-in hybrids are the low-hanging fruit there. Another is net metering, which would allow homeowners to feed power back into the grid if they're generating a surplus (through rooftop solar or wind or whatnot).

Anyway, it's coming together, slowly.

One interesting site I came across today is "Leonardo Energy" - a "Global Community for Sustainable Energy Professionals". This has lots of relevant content on renewable energy and smart grids. I'll quote a few snippets - first on their eLibrary.
The Leonardo ENERGY autoupdater downloads our eLibrary of application notes, briefing papers, minute lectures, as well as the EPQU archives on your desktop. The library includes a full-text searchable index. For the moment, 173 reports of total 2593 pages cover the subjects of power quality, distributed generation and energy efficiency.

Next from Leonardo, a post on "Grid integration of Renewable Energy Systems" in Europe.
In March, the EU Member States agreed that by 2020, 20 per cent of the energy consumption in the EU should come from Renewable Energy Systems (RES). But meeting this policy will require large-scale integration of RES electricity generation into the European grids. At the moment, there are still many technical and regulatory issues to be solved.

The GreenNet-Europe project has studied the various dimensions of large-scale grid integration of RES and written an Action Plan on the subject. It has formulated recommendations to policy makers for achieving such a large integration at a minimum cost to society. GreenNet-Europe is supported by the Intelligent Energy Europe programme of the European Commission.

Next a post on Energy Efficiency and Peak Demand Reduction.
There are obvious overlaps between the results of energy efficiency programmes and peak load management. This is the case in spite of historically different objectives of both disciplines.

Energy efficiency programs primarily seek to reduce customer energy use on a permanent basis through the installation of energy-efficient technologies. That will, in most cases, have the positive side effect of reducing peak demand. This is especially the case if it concerns the energy efficiency of appliances that are typically used during periods of peak demand. A good example is the effect of energy efficient air conditioners on peak demand on a hot summer day.

At the other side, load management programs generally focus on either curtailing or shifting demand away from high cost, peak demand periods. Curtailing demand in most cases means improving energy efficiency.

And finally, the Power of the Oceans.
In cooperation with the European Ocean Energy Association, a new Leonardo ENERGY eBook on current ocean energy projects.

Geoffrey Styles at Energy Outlook has a post on the Energy Two-Step, noting the problems with hydrogen powered cars and the need to transition away from oil via energy efficiency and electric cars - with hydrogen maybe having a role well in the future.
A recent article on hydrogen cars in MIT's Technology Review got me thinking about the big challenges we face in energy: not only must we reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of our present energy systems, but we must also begin to plan for an energy economy that relies much less on petroleum products. To most people, that probably sounds like one problem, but I believe it is really two, with potentially very different solutions. The reason for that is that the replacements for oil's primary uses in transportation are simply not ready for prime time. That means we're looking at a two-stage transition in energy systems, with work on both proceeding simultaneously. This includes some options that will require great patience, such as hydrogen. We need to be prepared to fund both near-term and long-term efforts, without worrying that work on one competes with the other.

Everything that Technology Review says about BMW's hydrogen-powered 7-series sedan is accurate today, and not just because I've been saying it here going back to 2004. Producing a hydrogen car now, as the solution to our present energy and climate change problems, will not improve matters. Not only is burning H2 in an internal combustion engine inherently just about the least efficient thing you can do with the energy that went into making the H2, as Mr. Talbot rightly points out, but the entire H2 infrastructure of production, storage and distribution is at least a decade away, maybe two or three.

If we're serious about tackling climate change any time soon, as the evidence suggests we must, then we need options that are available now. Even hybrid cars, for all their efficiency benefits, are at least one full "implementation lag" (about 15 years) away from achieving their maximum impact. We need more efficient mass-market cars starting right away, together with changes in consumer behavior, as I suggested last week. CAFE standards and tax credits can help with the former, but I don't know how to promote the latter other than by increasing the price of petroleum products, either through new taxes or the application of a cap-and-trade system for its greenhouse gas emissions.

But all of that still only buys us the time towards making more radical changes in the long haul. That's because even if we can reverse our steady upward trend in oil consumption, the billions in the developing world are on a big energy consumption uptrend from near zero per capita. Together, we will be driving inexorably toward the point at which oil production, conventional and unconventional together, won't be able to keep up with demand. Whether oil reaches a peak or an "undulating plateau" only matters in determining the full magnitude of the problem that's waiting for us, sometime between now and mid-century.

Meeting that challenge will require more than just becoming smarter about how we use oil. We will need to develop future vehicles that don't burn gasoline, diesel, or even biofuels. From what we can see today, that will come down to a race between hydrogen fuel cells and batteries, powering an all-electric vehicle. Hybrids and plug-in hybrids are the bridge to this, and the critical foundation is a vast new capacity for low-greenhouse-gas electricity or hydrogen. ...

Grist has a post on some green business announcements from Home Depot and Conoco.
Big news from big companies: Conoco is entering the biofuels biz, and Home Depot is launching a green-labeling program that could become the largest in the U.S. First, the fuel: partnering with meat giant Tyson Foods, Conoco will make biodiesel from animal fat. The companies hope to introduce the fuel in the Midwest later this year, aiming to churn out 175 million gallons annually within a few years. "That doesn't sound like much, but it's very significant," says Conoco CEO Jim Mulva. "In a tight market, every incremental increase helps improve supply availability and reduces retail-price pressure."

Meanwhile, DIY paradise Home Depot will paste an "Eco Options" label on nearly 3,000 greener products at its sprawling stores, a total that could grow to 6,000 products by 2009. "People hear about the environment ... but at the end of the day they don't know what to do," says Ron Jarvis, VP of environmental innovation. "We see educating the consumer as being the highest impact of this process."

In local news, the Herald reports that Woodside has recorded a dip in production thanks to cyclones and problems in Mauritainia. Also in the SMH - more funding for biofuels in Victoria, the debate about carbon rationing (once again, I far prefer carbon taxes to any form of capping or rationing carbon - if you want to deal with resulting social issues, do it via the tax system), a note that water tanks are most appropriate in Sydney and Brisbane and a report on a study of species decline in the tropical rainforests of Costa Rica.
Woodside Petroleum Ltd has reported a dip in production during the first quarter of 2007 after four cyclones battered its West Australian operations. Woodside, Australia's biggest independent oil and gas producer, delivered an output of 18 million barrels of oil equivalent (Mmboe) in the three months to March 31. The result was 4.9 per cent lower than the 19 Mmboe produced in the fourth quarter, but was 25.9 per cent higher than the 14.3 Mmboe produced in the corresponding quarter of 2006.

Woodside, which is looking to produce between 72 Mmboe and 78 Mmboe in calendar 2007, said the drop in production was primarily the result of interruptions caused by tropical cyclones. The oil and gas producer said also that it was still having issues with its $1 billion Chinguetti oil field in Mauritania, with output in the first quarter almost 20 per cent lower than the previous quarter.

Shaw Stockbroking resources analyst John Colnan said the first quarter was broadly in line with market expectations but that Chinguetti continued to disappoint. "The quarter was more or less in line ... the only disappointment was Chinguetti," he said. Recent media speculation suggested that Woodside might be assessing whether to sell off its troubled Mauritania assets. "It is always possible ... Woodside do have bigger fish to fry at home at the moment, unlocking Pluto and unlocking Browse (both off the coast of WA) and the full value of the North West Shelf," Mr Colnan said.

Tom Konrad has an article on Transmission Stocks: Bringing Wind Power to Where it's Needed up at Alt Energy Stocks, noting that one of the keys to the clean energy / smart grid future is improving the connectivity of the grid. He also has a follow-up at his own blog complaining that people don't seem to be interested in transmission systems (a good sign if you are looking for good value investments) - noting "This is not particularly surprising to me… electric transmission is both complex and boring. It’s also absolutely necessary for our transition to a sustainable energy economy.".
Last week, Charles told us to expect wind power industry suppliers to benefit from shortages in wind turbine components. Owens Corning (NYSE:OC) which I mentioned in my Blue Chip Alternative Energy Portfolio fits nicely into this category with their composites for turbine blades, as do the power converter stocks I mentioned two weeks ago.

As essential to wind power as any of these is improved power transmission. The National Wind Coordinating Collaborative states,
Electrical transmission facilities connecting windy areas and load centers are sometimes non-existent or minimal. Even in cases where a good wind resource has nearby transmission, that transmission often has limited capacity to transport additional energy. In fact, transmission facilities throughout much of the country are strained, and this problem is acute at specific points of congestion. The expansion of wind power is hampered by this situation, but the associated problem is not confined to wind. Instead, it is a general problem of concern to many in the electric power sector.

While the need for long distance transmission often holds up the construction of wind farms for logistical reasons (there is no incentive to erect wind turbines if you cannot get the power to market), it is unlikely to prevent investment in renewables for financial reasons. The ERCOT Competitive Renewable Energy Zones Study found that the necessary investment in transmission for the high resource zones they identified in Texas ranged from a low of 1.5% to about 12% of the cost of the generation, which will only change the overall economics of any project in marginal cases. Some of these transmission improvements will also be likely to improve system reliability, and so the full cost is unlikely to be considered totally attributable to the wind projects.

As a less expensive but unavoidable investment for new renewable energy projects, transmission improvements are well positioned to be profitable investments in our energy infrastructure as the US shifts to more sustainable electrical supplies. ...

Tom also has an excellent post on his "Peak Coal Portfolio". While I'm still cautious about the peak coal (in my lifetime) concept, I guess my peak oil portfolio will do quite well in a coal boom too (even if it does end up killing all of us).
Last week, we alerted you to a report from Germany's Energy Watch Group called “Coal: Resources and Future Production,” which predicts peak coal by 2025. Readers of AltEnergyStocks are doubtless familiar with peak oil, the inevitable fact that as we consume a finite resource (oil reserves) at some point the rate of that consumption must peak, and taper off. Serious arguments about peak oil center around "when" oil production (and consumption) will peak, not "if."

The same it true for other finite natural resources, such as natural gas, uranium, and even coal. The difference with coal is the received wisdom: that the US has two centuries of remaining coal reserves, with the (often unspoken) implication that there is no need to worry about it in our lifetimes. Other reports have drawn attention to peaking coal supplies before this, and I have no doubt that more will follow. ...

Thinking again about my hypothesis the market is overly complacent about coal supplies, how can I know when it is incorrect, either because I was wrong to begin with, or because conditions have changed? That could happen because coal will continue to be as easy to mine as most investors think, or because they become as worried about coal supplies as the situation warrants. China, where the most rapid coal depletion is taking place, may indeed recognize the severity of coming shortages, but my hypothesis is primarily about investor in US markets. Until recently, the Chinese have mostly confined themselves to buying huge chucks of our Treasury and other agency debt, but we see them rushing to secure long term coal contracts in Africa and elsewhere. Since China is a net coal importer, it is much harder for them to be as complacent about coal reserves as we are in the US. At the moment, I don't see any worrying at all about coal reserves in the popular press, and reporters typically accept the "200 years of coal" line without question. When that changes, it will be time to re-evaluate. As to my simply being wrong in my pessimism, even the normally Pollyanna-ish EIA estimates, coal production in the US will peak in 2060, which implies a peak in world production much sooner, because the US has the lion's share of remaining reserves. I don't believe that a world peak in coal production even as late as 2050 has yet been acknowledged. When it is, it will again be time to reevaluate this hypothesis. ...

What is important is when we will see unexpected price rises as demand adjusts to constrained supply. As an example, the first effects of peak oil are not happening today; instead they happened in the early 70's, when United States production peaked, and Texas could no longer act as the swing producer of oil, leading to a shift of production in the Middle East. Because of the new investment required, that shift took a number of years, during which time oil stayed at historically high levels, until new production caught up with demand.

Could something similar happen with coal? If any country is likely to be a driving force for world demand, sending prices up for everyone, that country is likely to be China, which is by far the largest producer of coal, but has only half the reserves of the US (according to the EWG report.) How many times have we heard that the US is the "Saudi Arabia of Coal"? If it is, the China is the "United States of Coal." I think a price spike in coal available for worldwide trade is the most likely investable event for peak coal in the near future.

Here are some effects I would expect from such a price spike.

1. Coal prices in current coal importers would skyrocket.
2. Coal prices in areas with easy access to ports would also rise dramatically.
3. Transportation links such as rail from coal producing regions to ports, ports, and bulk shipping would also benefit.
4. The price of electricity in regions relying on coal fired power (other than mine-mouth plants) would increase several cents per kWh.

How to prepare your portfolio for Peak Coal.

1. Companies owning or discovering new coal reserves in coal importing regions will benefit dramatically. (I'm far from an expert on coal companies, so I have no specific recommendations here. I also avoid investment in coal because of the effects of mountaintop removal and global warming.)
2. Coal mining companies with easy access to ports will also benefit dramatically.
3. Rail lines with connections to large port facilities would benefit, as well as the port operators. (Again, I'm no expert.)
4. Construction companies able to quickly build rail lines and expand port facilities will also benefit. (I don't know much, do I?)
5. Shipping companies who own large ore/coal carriers will benefit. Shipyards which produce these ships likewise.
6. Companies that use coal for purposes other than electricity generation will be hurt. Avoid coal-to-liquids companies such as Sasol [NYSE:SSL], Rentech [NYSE:RTK] and Syntroleum [NASDAQ:SYNM]. I wouldn't advise shorting these, unless you are a lot better than I am at anticipating price changes in energy markets: they'll all profit from Peak Oil, perhaps long before they are clobbered by Peak Coal.
7. Alternatives to coal based electricity will also benefit. Because coal plants supply base-load power, the first beneficiaries will be Nuclear power and Geothermal, both of which are also inherently base-load power sources. The easiest way to invest in Nuclear today is by buying uranium miners an processors. I'm personally not a big fan of this approach, but you'll find a lot of other people's uranium picks over at Seeking Alpha. Warning: there is a lot of talk about Peak Uranium as well. Since I have decided to stay away from Nuclear because of the proliferation and hazardous waste effects, I have not made an attempt to figure out how serious this will be for miners. This brings up another general point about investing: you don't have to have a hypothesis about everything... nor should you. It is much better to have a few good ideas than a stack of half-thought out ideas.
8. Geothermal is an under-appreciated renewable form of electricity generation. Ormat Technologies (NYSE:ORA) is the premier geothermal company, and should be the centerpiece of a geothermal portfolio.
9. Concentrating Solar Power CSP can be combined with thermal storage to produce base load power (or even peaking power.) North American companies are only now starting to discover CSP, wit the exception of FPL (NYSE:FPL), which owns most of the original CSP plants built in the United States in the 1970s and '80s. European Conergy AG (an engineering firm) and Iberdrola SA (a utility) are actively pursuing CSP. I'm also watching an Australian company called Enviromission (EVOMY.PK), which is developing Solar Chimney projects, which can easily be a source of base load power, and are remarkably low-tech (which leads to very low running costs.)
10. Biomass, such as wood waste and trash incineration is a good source of small amounts of base load power. Boralex (TSX: BLX)) and The Boralex Power Income Fund (TSX: BPT.UN) have experience with biomass. Another option I like are forestry and paper companies, especially ones committed to sustainability such as Catalyst (TSX: CTL) and Domtar (NYSE:UFS.) Waste Management, Inc. (NYSE: WMI) has a variety of power generation projects fueled by the trash it collects.
11. Power storage technologies such as Compressed Air Energy Storage and Flow Batteries which can allow intermittent sources of energy such as wind to meet base load power needs. One flow battery company I like is VRB Power (Toronto Venture: VRB.)
12. Hydropower based utilities, such as Idacorp (NYSE:IDA) will increase their cost advantage over coal, and their dispatchable nature will become even more valuable as a balance for intermittent wind. Some may also have valuable opportunities to take advantage of pumped hydro power storage.

Given the uncertainties about the timing and effects of the early stages of peak coal, I find it fortunate that a lot of the things I'm doing to prepare my managed portfolios for carbon regulation are the precise things I should be doing to prepare for rising coal prices. I have little doubt that serious regulation of CO2 emissions is on its way, and quite likely sooner and much more comprehensively than most investors are prepared for. But that's a hypothesis for another day. ...

Tom also has a little rant about TXU going nuclear.
A Wall Street Journal article today reports that TXU is planning on using nuclear power to replace the coal plants which they shelved recently.

This drives me batty. I do think that nuclear power is better than coal, and even better than IGCC, but basically substituting nuclear power for coal power is just replacing one nasty externality (CO2 emissions) with another: adding to the risk of nuclear terrorism and waste disposal problems.

When expected costs of CO2 are factored in, the price of nuclear power does looks good. But I ask the same question people are finally asking about global warming: “What’s the business case for destroying the planet?”

Here’s what we should be thinking for our baseload energy needs:
# Energy Efficiency…. 1-3 cents per kWh
# Concentrating Solar Power with thermal storage…. 10-15 cents per kWh (and dropping)
# Wind power, combined with pricing mechanisms to shift demand…. 4-6 cents per kWh

And for peaking power:
# Demand Response
# Time of Day Pricing
# Concentrating Solar Power with large scale thermal storage and an oversized turbine

All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

Offline Dig

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SMART GRID: Load Management Energy Enslavement Con Job by GE
« Reply #2 on: February 24, 2008, 12:06:20 pm »
Eight steps forward… six steps back. Do we really need to dig up mountains for uranium instead of decapitating them for coal?

Bloomberg reports that China thinks it will raise oil imports by 14% this year. I'll be surprised if this occurs (and if it does, will be interested to see what happens to those whose imports are cut as a result).
China, the world's largest energy user after the U.S., may increase crude oil imports by as much as 14 percent this year to meet surging domestic demand, said an official with the nation's largest oil refiner.

The nation may import between 160 million metric tons and 165 million tons this year, Sun Yongsheng, deputy chief engineer of Economic and Technology Research Institute of China Petrochemical Corp., known as Sinopec Group, said in the northern city of Dalian.

China is increasing oil-processing capacity by 25 percent by 2010 to satisfy growing consumption of gasoline, diesel and chemical raw materials. The country's reliance on oil imports will rise to 60 percent by 2020 from 47 percent currently, when the imports almost doubles, Hao Hongyi, head of strategy research at China National Petroleum Corp., the nation's largest oil company, said yesterday.

Gasoline imports will jump 49 percent to about 100,000 tons next year, Sun said. Diesel imports will climb 43 percent to 1 million tons, jet fuel imports may rise as much as 10 percent to 6.2 million tons and diesel imports will probably gain 4 percent to 29 million tons, he said.

Domestic demand for crude oil will rise as much as 8 percent to 350 million tons this year, Sun said. Gasoline consumption may gain 9 percent to 57 million tons, diesel use could increase 7.5 percent to 125 million tons, he said.

Jet-fuel use may gain 7 percent to 12.32 million tons and fuel oil consumption could remain unchanged or fall compared with a year earlier, Sun said.

Green Options has a post on Popular Mechanics' test of CFL lightbulbs - the somewhat surprising verdict was that all of them were better (in terms of lighting quality) than the incandescent bulb they were tested against.
Popular Mechanics just tested seven common energy-efficient, compact fluorescent light bulbs (CFLs) for brightness, color, and power use. Can they compete with the traditional incandescent light bulbs that most of us use?

They sure can. Although the old-fashioned incandescent bulb measured slightly brighter than the equivalent CFLs, the test subjects in the Popular Mechanics study couldn’t see any significant difference. In fact, when it came to the overall quality of light, every single CFL scored higher than the incandescent: "In other words, the new fluorescent bulbs aren’t just better for both your wallet and the environment, they produce better light."

To track the results, PM used a Konica Minolta CL-200 chroma meter to measure color temperature and brightness, and a Watts Up? Pro ammeter to track power consumption. They performed a double-blind test with three Popular Mechanics staffers and a lighting expert from Parsons The New School for Design in Manhattan. They put the participants in a color-neutral room, turned on the light, and asked them to examine colorful objects, faces and reading material, then rate the bulb’s performance.

The N:Vision Soft White bulb got the highest score of an “A.” The study found it to be “one of the top bulbs for reading and illuminating faces, the best-in-test N:Vision was noticeably ‘slow to warm.’ Still, it was ‘nice, pleasing and good overall.” The N:Vision has an average cost of $5.97 each.

The US FDA seems to have generated quite a bit of outrage in the alternative health community with what seems to be a sweeping attempt to regulate all forms of alternative treatment. I can just see the US prison system growing even further as the DEA rounds up all yoga practitioners and massage therapists. One interesting snippet from an RU Sirius podcast I listened to yesterday - the US has more drug offenders in jail than Europe - with 100 million more people - has in its entire prison system for all offences. RU also has an interview with Bruce Schneier noting "Everything The US Government is Doing About Security is Wrong".
When it comes to health freedom, this is the FDA's end game. A new FDA "guidance" document, published on the FDA's website, reveals plans to reclassify virtually all vitamins, supplements, herbs and even vegetable juices as FDA-regulated drugs. Massage oils and massage rocks will be classified as "medical devices" and require FDA approval. The document is called Docket No. 2006D-0480. Draft Guidance for Industry on Complementary and Alternative Medicine Products and Their Regulation by the Food and Drug Administration.

The FDA is accepting public comments on the docket until April 30th. They tried to sneak this under the radar, but word got out and now the natural health community is up in arms over this rule. If you wish to protect your access to nutritional supplements, herbs, essential oils, homeopathic medicine or any other "complementary" or "alternative" modality, it is crucial that you take action to post your comments with the FDA right now and write your representatives in Washington to put a stop to this outrageous effort to destroy natural medicine. (And be sure to really write them. Just sending an email has virtually no impact compared to writing a physical letter in your own words.)

This move by the FDA is designed to once and for all destroy the 1994 DSHEA law that has made supplements "legal" while eliminating nutritional supplements and natural medicine from the United States, ensuring monopoly profits and control by drug companies and the FDA. It is the latest action item by the FDA / Big Pharma conspiracy that will not stop until health freedom has been abolished, drug companies rule the nation, and every citizen is diagnosed with a fictitious disease and drugged up on monopoly-priced pharmaceuticals.

FDA "experts" will decide what's a drug or medical device Under these proposed guidelines, FDA "experts" (the same corrupt officials who reapproved Vioxx after it killed over 50,000 Americans) will decide whether herbs, supplements, vitamins or simple devices like massage stones are to be regulated as drugs and medical devices. If the FDA experts, in their infinite wisdom, decide that these things are to be reclassified, they will essentially be outlawed, stripped from the shelves, and regulated out of existence. Anyone who dares to manufacture, promote or sell such products may be branded a criminal and rounded up by armed FDA agents who have a well established history of suppressing natural medicine.

I quite liked this piece Past Peak pointed to recently about the "Neocons of the Raj". Jonathan also has some good posts on Iraq.
Salon quotes from an article by historian William Dalrymple that compares British policies in India with the imperial dreams of American neocons. Dalrymple's whole article is not available online, unfortunately. This passage, though, is arresting:
In 1600, when the East India Company was founded, Britain was generating 1.8 percent of the world's GDP while India was producing 22.5 percent. By 1870, at the peak of the Raj, Britain was generating 9.1 percent, while India had been reduced to a poor third-world nation, a symbol across the globe of famine and deprivation.

Today, things are slowly returning to their traditional pattern. Last year the richest man in the UK was for the first time an ethnic Indian, Lakshmi Mittal, and last month news has come that Britain's largest steel manufacturer, Corus, has jsut been brought by Tata, an Indian company. Extraordinary as it is, the rise of India and China, seen from the wider perspective, is merely the rebalancing of the ancient equilibirum of world trade, with Europeans no longer appearing as gun-toting, gunboat-riding colonial masters but instead reverting to their traditional role — eager consumers of the much-celebreated manufactures, luxuries, and services of the East.

India was producing nearly a quarter of the world's economic activity before the British got their hands on her and sucked her dry. Astonishing. To this day, the Western imagination features a backward India that benefitted from British know-how and administration. British intervention then, like American intervention today, was well-intentioned, even if a bit misguided. The impulse is benevolent, any negative consequences entirely accidental. Spreading democracy, and all that. Right.

Moving on to the subject of the media, the Herald was looking at the gun control angle in its reporting on the Virigina Tech massacre. Whenever this unpleasant topic comes up I'm always reminded of "Bowling For Columbine" and its surprising conclusion. When the movie came out I simply assumed it was about lax gun control in America and how that explained the massively higher homicide rate in the US compared to the rest of the industrialised world. So when I finally got around to watching it I was extremely startled when Mike Moore compared Canadian gun ownership rates with those in the US - and showed they were the same - so it wasn't gun ownership that was the problem in the US at all (no - I'm not about to start campaigning for the "Guns and dope" party - hang on).

What the movie demonstrated was that it was the culture of fear and violence - largely disseminated through the US media - that accounted for the massively different murder rates. So if you want to explain horrors like the Virginia massacre (and the recent Amish school massacre), maybe a better place to look is the amount of fear and violence mongering our politicians have exposed us to this century. Maybe our thirst for middle eastern oil explains this event too...
EVEN as President George Bush told the nation he was praying for the victims, and that the killings in a place of learning would affect "every American classroom and community", a White House official said Mr Bush continued to believe in the "right to bear arms". In the wake of the worst mass shooting in US history, Mr Bush said in a televised address that the circumstances of the Virginia Tech tragedy needed to be investigated. But he did not say that such an investigation would include an examination of federal gun laws.

The Republican presidential candidate John McCain said the shooting rampage did not change his view that the constitution guaranteed everyone's right to carry a weapon. "We have to look at what happened here, but it doesn't change my views on the second amendment except to make sure that these kinds of weapons don't fall into the hands of bad people," Senator McCain said. The second amendment to the constitution states: "The right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed."

According to a Gallup poll, Americans are more likely to blame the way the perpetrators are raised, or popular culture, for cases of multiple killings than the ready access to guns. Most presidential candidates issued statements expressing horror at the latest killings, but none mentioned the fact that Virginia has some of the most lax gun laws in the country.

Geoff Meeker has a note explaining the correlation between waging wars and increased murder rates.
Thirty three people dead, at last count. The largest mass murder in American history.

In the deluge of media coverage that will engulf us, following this terrible shooting spree in Virginia, there is one piece of information I don’t want to know.

Please spare me the name of the killer.

You see, I have a theory that the warped minds who commit these crimes do so, in many cases, with one primary motivation: notoriety. They want to be remembered as the bad-ass who went out in a blaze of glory.

It is my firmly held opinion that we shouldn’t give it to them. In mass murder situations like this, the news media should not report the killer’s identity. We should not see pictures of the killer posing in camouflage gear, wearing an AK-47. We don’t need to read the manifesto of murder posted at his web site. By doing so, we fulfill the killer’s wish to live in infamy, while inspiring other like-minded individuals to do the same thing.

As it turns out, I am not alone in this thinking.

“I reached that same conclusion some time ago,” said Elliott Leyton (right), a retired professor of anthropology at Memorial University whose research into mass murder is now applied by law enforcement agencies around the world.

“I think it has been a great mistake but it’s kind of hard to get the press to come on board with that idea. I agree with you that their names and details should be very cautiously handled. The victims should be getting the attention, not the killer. American culture is so saturated with intoxication about violence.”

Leyton’s voice already sounded a little tired when I called him at 7:30 pm. He had been taking calls from media outlets across North America. Before moving on to his next call, Leyton added one more observation, which he will be talking about on The National tonight.

“One of the greatest works of 20th century criminology was Archer and Gartner’s ‘Violence and Crime: A National Perspective’,” Leyton said. “In that book, they showed clearly that, every time there was a major war, there was an effect on the larger culture. People were bombarded with brutalizing images and it kind of validated violence more. Archer and Gartner studied every major war over the last hundred years and noted that, near the end of every war, there was a real surge in excessive violence. You know that the American murder rate dropped in the 90’s, where they weren’t invading anyone at the moment… So when I gave my last lecture at the university last year I said, ‘You watch, if Archer and Gartner are right – and I think they are – we should expect a big increase in homicides as the war grinds on. And it looks like that’s what’s happening. The homicide rates in all the major cities are going away up.”

I can see Leyton’s point. In order to build public support for their foreign conflicts, governments will attempt to glorify the war effort. Certain American networks are keen to play along, playing the ‘shock and awe’ video to its maximum, desensitizing effect. Is it any wonder Americans are killing each other?

Alternet has an eye opening article on the US prison system.
Winston Churchill once said that one of the most unfailing tests of a civilization lies in how a country treats its criminals. In the U.S., people stand by as the incarcerated are disenfranchised and pay money to seem them exploited -- even pummeled by bulls.

Legend has it that in the fifth century the Asian monk Telemachus ran into a Roman arena to stop the brutality of the gladitorial games. For his interruption, the indignant crowd stoned him to death, but his actions impressed Emperor Honorius enough to put an end to the fights.

The past millenium and a half has arguably witnessed a general improvement in the cultural level of society, in particular many countries having preserved and extended their intolerance of sports that brutally exploit the disadvantaged. Today even cock fighting and pitting canines against each other are illegal in most industrialized nations.

Remnants of gladitorial combat nevertheless persist, notably at two prison rodeos in Angola, La., and McAlester, Okla., where Americans buy tickets to watch inmates wrestle bulls and participate in crowd favorites like "Convict Poker." Also called "Mexican Sweat," the poker game consists of four prisoners who sit expectantly around a red card table. A 1,500-pound bull is unleashed, and the last convict to remain sitting wins. Especially thrilling for the audience is the chaotic finale "Money the Hard Way" in which more than a dozen inmates scramble to snatch a poker chip dangling from the horns of another raging bull.

Unlike prisoners of ancient Rome, convicts at the annual Angola and Oklahoma State rodeos aren't physically forced to compete in the games, or even executed after their performance. Instead, they're paid handsomely -- upwards of $200 for winning "Convict Poker," or $100 for successfully grabbing the chip in "Money the Hard Way." A tour guide clarifies the basic economics: "Since $100 is worth about four months' pay to these hardened criminals, be ready for one hell of a scrap for that c-note."

There are of course some ethical concerns. When "someone raises a question about the propriety of the rodeo," a Washington Post article explains, the focus remains on the abuse of bulls and broncos, like the pleas of the animal rights group PETA to cancel the rodeo on animal cruelty grounds. An official from In Defense of Animals writes elsewhere that the event provides inmates with "the right to torment and abuse frightened animals in front of a cheering audience." Moral questions don't arise about the propriety of cheering while bulls pummel convicts.

Prison rodeos may be rare, but it shouldn't be surprising that the mainstream toleration they receive stems from the willingness of the United States to incarcerate 2.2 million of its people. While less than one out of every 20 humans lives in the United States, almost one quarter of the world's prisoners sit in American jails. The U.S. criminal justice system has no parallel in the contemporary world. History, however, reveals the origins of the system's scope, in addition to the national obsession of denying criminal offenders the decency and rights normally afforded to other humans.

In the international race to incarcerate, the United States dominates, with few rivals and no rich countries within shouting distance. Incarceration rates across countries are best measured as shares of national populations. Last year, for every 100,000 people in the United States, 738 were in prison. Second-place Russia, whom the United States succeeded in 2000, currently boasts a rate of 603, but the only other OECD country with a rate above 200 is Poland at 229. The U.K. incarceration rate of 145 is the highest of any Western European country. Although African-Americans suffer the greatest relative burden of U.S. imprisonment, the incarceration rate for whites in the United States is still more than three times the OECD average. ...

And to close on a tasteless note, here's some tinfoil interpretations from Cryptogon of "what really happened" (as the saying goes) - theory 1 - to give Alberto "Gonzo" Gonzales some breathing space from investigations into fired attorneys - theory 2 - to distract people from the falling US dollar and the housing bust - theory 3 - to give Dick Cheney some breathing space from Dennis Kucinich's impeachment plans - plus some weird background that may or may not make any sense depending on how paranoid you are.
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

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All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

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Re: Creating a smart grid: GE Plan for total enslavement
« Reply #4 on: February 24, 2008, 12:08:14 pm »
Microsoft PowerPoint - Presentation CURRENT overview on Smart Grid

Current Corporation:

The leader in Smart Grid and differentiated BPL services Integrated communications, sensors and management and  analytic software solution Largest global Smart Grid services and broadband deployment  in progress with TXU (1.8M homes, 200K businesses, 450K  elements) 350 Employees worldwide Winner of Red Herring’s Top 100 Private Companies for 2006 Winner of 2006 Platts Global Energy Commercial Technology of the Year award of the Year Award

All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

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All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

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What is the real potential of the Smart Grid?
Autovation 2007
The AMRA International Symposium
September 30 – October 3, 2007
Reno, Nevada
Byron Flynn, Presenter
Application Engineer
GE Energy
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Re: Creating a smart grid: GE Plan for total enslavement
« Reply #7 on: July 31, 2008, 05:13:30 pm »
really good thread alot to read but wow good work.
“He who fails to assert his rights has none.”

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Re: Creating a smart grid: GE Plan for total enslavement
« Reply #8 on: February 20, 2009, 11:59:50 pm »
Complete control at home
By Paul Taylor
Published: February 12 2009 20:47 | Last updated: February 12 2009 20:47
A few weeks ago I called home from the office to check on my 91-year-old mother-in-law who has recently come to live with us. “I’m a little cold,” she said. “No problem,” I replied as I logged on to the website of Control4 and remotely adjusted the thermostat.

Remote access to functions like lighting, temperature setting and security are among the features en abled by a home automation system I have been testing from Control4 (, a Utah-based software and home automation system company. Its aim is to build “the operating system for the smart home”. It integrates existing entertainment systems and services such as satellite TV together with other systems such as heating, air conditioning, security and lighting.

Control4 systems, like the one installed in my home, are available in the US, Europe and elsewhere. They aim to fill a gap between low-cost but generally unreliable do-it-yourself home automation systems, and expensive customised systems that also integrate whole-house audio/visual systems but can cost tens or even hundreds of thousands of dollars.

Control4 systems are usually installed by a dealer but are based on internet protocol standards. Most, like mine, are built around a home controller, wall-mounted control panels and multifunction handheld wireless remotes, and a Zigbee wireless mesh network that hooks up wireless light swit ches and dimmers and other electric devices linked to Control4 swit ches.

Setting up a home automation system is much easier if it is in stall ed in a property where a wired ethernet network has already been built. But I had a mixed wired and wireless WiFi home network connecting PCs, printers and other web-enabled devices including a Roku internet radio, a Tivo digital video recorder and a Logitech Squeezebox Duet music system.

Marcel Villaflor, a former IBM engineer and owner of Living Well Technology, which installs Control4 systems in my area, told me as he set to work that it is best to build the core of a Control4 system around a separate hardwired ethernet network, with each component assigned its own static network address. This provides the most reliable, interference-free home net work and allows me access to multiple channels or DVD movies as well as regular digital audio including MP3 files stored on a network-attached hard drive and tracks stored on iPods using Control4’s new iPod dock, and web-based services including one of my favourites, Realnetwork’s Rhapsody music subscription service.

Mr Villaflor needed several days to configure my system, which inc ludes a Sony video switch, home theatre and other components. Configuring the system using Control4’s software is probably a bit too tricky for most homeowners to do themselves. Similarly, I need ed help to ad just some features – such as the dimmer light switches – and with programming the sequences of commands that, for example, enable a single button on a handheld remote to turn the flat panel TV on or the surround sound off.

From wireless audio to full automation
Q. I want to set up a whole-house audio system. What are my options?
Several companies, including Sonos ( and Logitech (, sell modular, wireless distributed audio systems that can be expanded to accommodate a whole house. You could invest in a custom-designed system that can handle video, but that would cost much more.
Q. What about home automation – is it easy to turn my home into a smart home?
There are low-cost DIY systems but these are really designed for techies, and are not very consumer-friendly. The best option may be a combined home entertainment and home automation system from a company like Control4.
Q. How much would a system like that cost?
Frankly, the sky is the limit – it all depends on how extensive and sophisticated a system you want. As a rough guide, you could start with a basic system costing no more than around $10,000 (€7,800, £7,000) and expand it over time.
Once the system was set up, I found it easy enough to tweak settings within the software – adjusting the time the lighting in our gar den switches off at night, for example.

Control4 recently made its wall-mounted touch-screen control panels and its handheld con trollers both easier to use and visually more pleasing. I have two 7in touch panels installed and five handheld remotes – one for each room where we have either distributed video or audio, or both.

The family tends to use the hand controllers, which have mostly met with approval from the less technology capable members. The Control4 handheld remotes are particularly good when set up to run command se­quences, such as switching from watching a movie to listening to a web-based internet radio station or turning off interior lights.

Control4 devices use radio technology rather than infra-red, which requires line-of-sight access. So I have been able to move some com ponents of my home theatre into the basement, reducing clutter and wiring around the TV, which put me in my wife’s good books.

Control4 has also recently introduced a version of its software that runs on Apple’s iPhone or iPod Touch, turning either device into a pocket-sized system remote control complete with full graphics including CD and DVD artwork as well as the standard Control4 user interface.

I have also hooked up my wife’s PC to the system, enabling her to listen to BBC Radio 4 and other internet programming anywhere in the house. I already had standalone speakers in most of the main rooms, but we now have almost invisible in-ceiling speakers in several rooms as well as outdoor speakers at the back of the house.

So far I have mainly used the Control4 system to deliver music and video throughout the house and to control lighting and heating, but the system can do much more. For example, I plan to install sensors that will alert me if the garage door is open and allow me to remotely close it and add external temperature sensors that will tell me when the temperature drops below freezing.

Control4 is developing partnerships, and further options are emerging. These include being able to control and change the settings on electronic locks and to connect homes to the advanced metering infrastructure systems being developed by utility companies around the world.

Control4 efficiently manages the herculean task of tying home ent ertainment components and automation systems together in one system and provides a single, relatively easy to use interface to control them. As a result it is much cheaper and quicker to pull tog eth er a fully customised system. While it is not perfect, if you want to convert your house into a “smart home,” it is the best option I have come across.

Visit Paul Taylor’s new forum where he answers your questions on gadgets, gizmos, software and services at
peace  is war enjoy ..where's the  war  were  always at war ™ ' said harry i do like  it so'

the real cost of  war


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Re: Creating a smart grid: GE Plan for total enslavement
« Reply #9 on: March 01, 2009, 12:48:09 pm »
In the interest of time, sift through this document yourself and type in "Raytheon" in the search field, as well as "Six Sigma" (I don't have time to quote anymore of it), and also look at all of the names involved with this, and what they do.  The document is from 2005.

e-Transit:  Electronic Business Strategies for Public Transportation
Volume 7

The Successful Adoption of Web-Based Collaborative Software REPORT 84




Gartner, Inc.  "Fixing the Balanced Scorecard's Missing Link."
Stamford, Connecticut, November 2001.

Gartner, Inc.  "Focusing Purlely on Finance Is Bad for Your Financials."  Stamford, Connecticut, September 2002.

Gartner, Inc.  "Return on Enterprise Architecture:  measure It in Asset productivity." Stamford, Connecticut, July 2002.
About Gartner:
Gartner, Inc. (NYSE: IT) is the world's leading information technology research and advisory company. Gartner delivers the technology-related insight necessary for its clients to make the right decisions, every day. From CIOs and senior IT leaders in corporations and government agencies, to business leaders in high-tech and telecom enterprises and professional services firms, to technology investors, Gartner is the indispensable partner to 60,000 clients in 10,000 distinct organizations. Through the resources of Gartner Research, Gartner Consulting and Gartner Events, Gartner works with every client to research, analyze and interpret the business of IT within the context of their individual role. Founded in 1979, Gartner is headquartered in Stamford, Connecticut, U.S.A., and has 4,000 associates, including 1,200 research analysts and consultants in 80 countries. For more information, visit


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Re: Creating a smart grid: GE Plan for total enslavement
« Reply #10 on: March 21, 2009, 04:38:34 pm »

We Need A Grand Vision—Let It Be Smart!
We can build systems that are stand-alone and require lots of hands-on monitoring, care, and feeding or we can create systems that are smart—they are self-monitoring providing on-going feedback, and often self-healing and they help ensure higher levels of productivity and up-time.

According to the Wall Street Journal, 17 February 2009, smart technology is about making systems that are “intelligent and improve productivity in the long run…they [makes use of] the latest advances in sensors, wireless communications and computing power, all tied together by the Internet.”

As we pour hundreds of billions of dollars of recovery funds into fixing our aging national infrastructure for roads, bridges, and the energy grid—let’s NOT just fix the potholes and reinforce the concrete girders and have more of the same. RATHER, let’s use the opportunity to leap forward and build a “smarter,” more cost–effective, and modernized infrastructure that takes us, as nation, to the next playing-level in the global competitive marketplace.”

- Smart transportation—the “best way to fight congestion is intelligent transportation systems, such as roadside sensors to measure traffic and synchronize traffic lights to control the flow of vehicles…real time information about road conditions, traffic jams and other events.” Next up is predictive technology to tell where jams happen before they actually occur and “roadways that control vehicles and make ‘driving’ unnecessary.”

- Smart grid—this would provide for “advanced electronic meters that send a steady stream of information back to the utility” to determine power outages or damage and reroute power around trouble areas. It also provides for consumer portals that show energy consumption of major appliances, calculate energy bills under different usage scenarios and allow consumers to moderate usage patterns. Additionally, a smart grid would be able to load balance energy from different sources to compensate for peaks and valleys in usage of alternative energy sources like solar and wind.

- Smart bridges—this will provide “continuous electronic monitoring of bridges structures using a network of sensors at critical points.” And there are 600,000 bridges in the U.S. As with other smart technologies, it can help predict problems before they occur or are “apparent to a human inspector…this can make the difference between a major disaster, a costly retrofit or a minor retrofit.”

Smart technology can be applied to just about everything we do. IBM for example, talks about Smart Planet and applying sensors to our networks to monitor computer and electronic systems across the spectrum of human activity.

[INSERT:  One of IBM's computer scientists formerly worked at Ptech with Felix Rausch: Dr. Samer Minkara. ]

Building this next level of intelligence into our systems is good for human safety, a green environment, productivity, and cost-efficiency.

In the absence of recovery spending on a grand vision such as a cure for cancer or colonization of Mars, at the VERY least, when it comes to our national infrastructure, let’s spend with a vision of creating something better—“Smarter”--for tomorrow than what we have today.

Take a look at who wrote this trash:

"The Best EA in Action is one that supports the mission and its users."

Andy Blumenthal

    * Gender: Male
    * Industry: Government
    * Occupation: Chief Technology Officer
    * Location: United States

About Me

Andy Blumenthal is the Chief Technology Officer at the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF). Previously, Blumenthal served as the Chief, Office of Enterprise Architecture and IT Governance at the U.S. Coast Guard and prior to that as Chief Enterprise Architect at the U.S. Secret Service. Blumenthal is a visionary IT and business thought leader. For over 20 years, Blumenthal has developed leading-edge technology solutions for premier organizations in both the private and public sectors, including the Departments of Justice, Homeland Security, and Treasury, the Dreyfus Corporation, and IBM. The recipient of numerous honors and awards for his work, Blumenthal is a regular public speaker, has published extensively, and has been featured in Federal Computer Week and interviewed on the radio. He is a lecturer at Carnegie Mellon University and National Defense University, and serves as associate editor of the Journal of Enterprise Architecture. Blumenthal is a member of the Society for Information Management, the Government Technology Research Alliance, and the Government Advisory Panel of the American Council for Technology/Industry Advisory Council.

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Re: Creating a smart grid: GE Plan for total enslavement
« Reply #11 on: August 08, 2009, 10:07:20 am »
“The dissent we witness is a reaffirmation of faith in man; it is protest against living under rules and prejudices and attitudes that produce the extremes of wealth and poverty and that make us dedicated to the destruction of people through arms, bombs, and gases, and that prepare us to think alike and be submissive objects for the regime of the computer.”

 William Orville Douglas
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately