Author Topic: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?  (Read 34315 times)

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Jordan

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LONDON (Reuters) - The World Health Organization issued a stern warning on Friday to scientists who have engineered a highly pathogenic form of the deadly H5N1 bird flu virus, saying their work carries significant risks and must be tightly controlled.

The United Nations health body said it was "deeply concerned about the potential negative consequences" of work by two leading flu research teams who this month said they had found ways to make H5N1 into a easily transmissable form capable of causing lethal human pandemics.

The work by the teams, one in The Netherlands and one in the United States, has already prompted an unprecedented censorship call from U.S. security advisers who fear that publishing details of the research could give potential attackers the know-how to make a bioterror weapon.

The U.S. National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity has asked two journals that want to publish the work to make only redacted versions of studies available, a request to which the journal editors and many leading scientists object.

In its first comment on the controversy, the WHO said: "While it is clear that conducting research to gain such knowledge must continue, it is also clear that certain research, and especially that which can generate more dangerous forms of the virus....has risks."

H5N1 bird flu is extremely deadly in people who are directly exposed to it from infected birds. Since the virus was first detected in 1997, about 600 people have contracted it and more than half of them have died.

But so far it has not yet naturally mutated into a form that can pass easily from person to person, although many scientists fear this kind of mutation is likely to happen at some point and will constitute a major health threat if it does.

MUTATIONS

Flu researchers around the world have been working for many years trying to figure out which mutations would give H5N1 the ability to spread easily from one person to another, while at the same time maintaining its deadly properties.

The U.S. National Institutes of Health funded the two research teams to carry out research into how the virus could become more transmissible in humans, with the aim of gaining insight on how to react if the mutation occurred naturally.

The WHO said such research should be done "only after all important public health risks and benefits have been identified" and "it is certain that the necessary protections to minimize the potential for negative consequences are in place."

The agency also said it was vital that new rules on the sharing of viruses and scientific know-how were enforced to ensure those countries at most immediate risk from H5N1, mainly developing countries in Asia such as Indonesia, Vietnam and others, would benefit from advances in research.

During the H1N1 swine flu pandemic in 2009-2010, many developing countries complained they had no life-saving antivirals or vaccines to combat the new virus, despite having made samples of the virus available to researchers and pharmaceutical companies to develop the medicines.

It is normally laboratories in wealthy developed countries that have the level of scientific expertise needed to work on complex flu viruses, while bird, or avian, flu viruses themselves often come from less well developed Asian countries.

A new Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Framework was agreed and adopted by all WHO member states in May 2011 to set rules for sharing flu viruses that have pandemic potential, and sharing the benefits of the expertise gained.

"WHO considers it critically important that scientists who undertake research with influenza viruses with pandemic potential samples fully abide by the new requirements," the U.N. agency said in its statement.

http://ca.news.yahoo.com/deeply-concerned-mutated-birdflu-research-121523907.html

Offline ekimdrachir

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #1 on: December 31, 2011, 01:56:57 pm »
The WHO admitted why before the H1N1 was coercively injected into the population-- to "prime the public in advance of an epidemic".

Jordan

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #2 on: December 31, 2011, 01:59:44 pm »
The WHO admitted why before the H1N1 was coercively injected into the population-- to "prime the public in advance of an epidemic".

That would be cool to post that link here.

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #3 on: December 31, 2011, 02:37:16 pm »
The WHO admitted why before the H1N1 was coercively injected into the population-- to "prime the public in advance of an epidemic".

http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=142517.msg860490#msg860490
First American Pig Confirmed with H1N1

http://www.hobbyfarms.com/images/NewsImages/swine-flu_194.jpg
...
The way back machine:

http://www.takepart.com/blog/2009/05/19/lawsuit-holds-smithfield-pig-farm-responsible-for-h1n1-virus/
Lawsuit Holds Smithfield Pig Farm Responsible For H1N1 Virus
Posted by Danny Jensen on May 19, 2009 at 3:57 pm

The first steps have been taken towards the filing of a wrongful death lawsuit against Smithfield Foods, the world’s largest pork producer whose unsanitary conditions may have lead to the outbreak of the H1N1 virus.  For once I smell justice in the air, and not just the stench of negligence and cesspools of manure.  The petition for the suit was started by Steven Trunnell, whose wife Judy Dominguez Trunnell was the first U.S. resident to die of the H1N1 flu, and would be the first of it’s kind to hold a corporation responsible  for the inadvertent creation of an infectious disease.

While Smithfield’s massive pig farm in Mexico was linked to the virus’ outbreak early on, the lawsuit could provide a clear indication that factory farming endangers the public by creating enormous health risks. The lawsuit will not be an easy battle as the pork industy is powerful and it may be difficult to prove that one corporation is responsible for raising the risk of the outbreak, but a great deal of evidence already exists to show that factory farm conditions serve as breeding grounds for disease.  If the petition goes through there is also a chance that the case could become a class action lawsuit, involving other H1N1 victims.  And if the lawsuit reveals that Smithfield is accountable for contributing to the spread of the virus, hopefully steps can be taken to prevent future outbreaks and deaths by putting an end to factory farming.

http://www.hsus.org/farm/news/ournews/swine_flu_virus_origin_1998_042909.html
CDC Confirms Ties to Virus First Discovered in U.S. Pig Factories

August 26, 2009   
  Crowded conditions on factory farms create breeding grounds for new viruses. ©iStockphoto
By Michael Greger, M.D.

Factory farming and long-distance live animal transport apparently led to the emergence of the ancestors of the current swine flu threat.

A preliminary analysis of the H1N1 swine flu virus isolated from human cases in California and Texas reveals that six of the eight viral gene segments arose from North American swine flu strains circulating since 1998, when a new strain was first identified on a factory farm in North Carolina.

This genetic fingerprint, first released by Columbia University’s Center for Computation Biology and the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton,[1] has now been reportedly confirmed by researchers at the University of Edinburgh, St. Jude's Children's Research Hospital and virologist Ruben Donis, chief of the molecular virology and vaccines branch at the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Dr. Robert Webster, the director of the U.S. Collaborating Center of the World Health Organization, and considered the "godfather of flu research,"[2] is reported as saying "The triple reassortant in pigs [first discovered in the U.S. in 1998] seems to be the precursor."
Plaguing People and Pigs

The worst plague in human history was triggered by an H1N1 avian flu virus, which jumped the species barrier from birds to humans[3] and went on to kill as many as 50 to 100 million people in the 1918 flu pandemic.[4] No disease, war or famine ever killed so many people in so short a time. We then passed the virus to pigs, where it has continued to circulate, becoming one of the most common causes of respiratory disease on North American pig farms.[5]

In August 1998, however, a barking cough resounded throughout a North Carolina pig factory in which all the thousands of breeding sows fell ill.[6] A new swine flu virus was discovered on that factory farm, a human-pig hybrid virus that had picked up three human flu genes. By the end of that year, the virus acquired two gene segments from bird flu viruses as well, becoming a never-before-described triple reassortment virus—a hybrid of a human virus, a pig virus, and a bird virus—that triggered outbreaks in Texas, Minnesota, and Iowa.[7]

Within months, the virus had spread throughout the United States. Blood samples taken from 4,382 pigs across 23 states found that 20.5% tested positive for exposure to this triple hybrid swine flu virus by early 1999, including 100% of herds tested in Illinois and Iowa, and 90% in Kansas and Oklahoma.[8] According to the current analysis, published April 30 in the journal of the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, it is from this pool of viruses that the current swine flu threat derives three-quarters of its genetic material.[9]
...

http://thedailybite.wordpress.com/2009/05/05/canadian-scientists-infect-pigs-with-deadly-zombie-virus-from-1918-spanish-h1n1-flu-pandemic/

Canadian scientists infect pigs with deadly Zombie virus from 1918 ‘Spanish’ H1N1 flu pandemic

May 5, 2009 ·
Hot off the Journal of Virology Press!!!

Experimental Infection of Pigs with the Human 1918 Pandemic Influenza Virus

“Swine influenza was first recognized as a disease entity during the 1918 “Spanish flu” pandemic. The aim of this work was to determine the virulence of a plasmid-derived human 1918 pandemic H1N1 influenza virus (reconstructed 1918, or 1918/rec, virus) in swine using a plasmid-derived A/swine/Iowa/15/1930 H1N1 virus (1930/rec virus), representing the first isolated influenza virus, as a reference. Four-week-old piglets were inoculated intratracheally with either the 1930/rec or the 1918/rec virus or intranasally with the 1918/rec virus. A transient increase in temperature and mild respiratory signs developed postinoculation in all virus-inoculated groups. In contrast to other mammalian hosts (mice, ferrets, and macaques) where infection with the 1918/rec virus was lethal, the pigs did not develop severe respiratory distress or become moribund.
….
Presented data support the hypothesis that the 1918 pandemic influenza virus was able to infect and replicate in swine, causing a respiratory disease, and that the virus was likely introduced into the pig population during the 1918 pandemic, resulting in the current lineage of the classical H1N1 swine influenza viruses.

Nostalgia has its place, but raising a lethal virus from the dead and infecting little piglets with it seems to take longing for the bad old days a bit far. Can’t blame Canada for the Zombie virus idea, though. The initial effort was led by a molecular pathologist at the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology in Rockville, Maryland. He and his team spent 10 years piecing together the deadly virus in a lab at the CDC in Atlanta.

They built their Zombie virus from pieces of wax-encased lung tissue that were preserved from the autopsies of two soldiers who were among the 1918 flu’s 675,000 American victims, and also from the frozen body of an Inuit woman buried in the Alaska permafrost after dying from the virus in November of 1918.

Oh, and we can’t blame the Spanish, either, for the 1918 ‘Spanish’ flu pandemic. The Irish Examiner reports about the real origin of that catastrophe here.

“Ryle would have us believe that all those American soldiers who died from non-combatant causes may have died from Spanish flu.

But US Army records show that seven men dropped dead after being vaccinated.

A report from US Secretary of War Henry L Stimson not only verified these deaths but also stated that there had been 63 deaths and 28,585 cases of hepatitis as a direct result of yellow fever vaccination during only six months of the war.

That was only one of the 14 to 25 shots given to recruits.

Army records also reveal that after vaccination became compulsory in the US Army in 1911, not only did typhoid increase rapidly but all other vaccinal diseases increased at an alarming rate.
…..
The army doctors knew all these cases of disease and death were due to vaccination and were honest enough to admit it in their medical reports.

When army doctors tried to suppress the symptoms of typhoid with a stronger vaccine, it caused a worse form of typhoid paratyphoid.   But when they concocted an even stronger vaccine to suppress that one, they created an even worse disease - Spanish flu.

After the war, this was one of the vaccines used to protect a panic-stricken world from the soldiers returning from WWI battlefronts infected with dangerous diseases.

Funny how a few short years after the Zombie virus was resurrected that a another mysterious new H1N1 virus has flashed around the globe. And some scientists have even said that this new virus is very similar to the Zombie virus.

According to the biodefense watchdog group, The Sunshine Project, the risk and suffering to experimental animals involved in recreating the 1918 virus are unjustified.  http://www.sunshine-project.org/

“(Austin and Hamburg, 9 October 2003) – The ‘Spanish Flu’ influenza virus that killed 20-40 million people in 1918 is currently under reconstruction. Several genes of the extraordinarily lethal 1918 flu virus have been isolated and introduced into contemporary flu strains. These proved to be lethal for mice, while virus constructs with genes from a current flu virus types had hardly any effect. These experiments may easily be abused for military purposes, but provide little benefit from a medical or public health point of view….”

Unfortunately you’ll note that the Sunshine Project is no longer shining its light on mistakes and accidental releases of deadly pathogens by biodefense research labs. Their work ended without explanation a few months after they reported a series of violations made by a lab in Texas. At least their website is archived for now.

Makes you wonder where this new ‘mutt’ H1N1 virus really originated, doesn’t it?

Well, main thing to remember is that if Canadian scientists are doing the cooking…

http://www.sunshine-project.org/
 
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #4 on: December 31, 2011, 02:50:29 pm »


Live Avian Flu Virus Placed in Baxter Vaccine Materials Sent to 18 Countries


http://www.thepoultrysite.com/poultrynews/8161/us-fda-bans-use-of-bayer-antibiotic-in-poultry

US FDA bans use of Bayer antibiotic in poultry
US - The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) decided on Thursday to ban the use of Bayer's antibiotic Baytril in the poultry industry, saying use of the drug has lead to increased occurences of antibiotic-resistant food-borne infections in people

Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #5 on: December 31, 2011, 03:33:54 pm »
http://www.pacifichealthsummit.org/about/About_the_Pacific_Health_Summit.pdf

Quote
The Pacific Health Summit isn’t just where things start. It’s where they pick up speed.”

ORIGINS OF THE PACIFIC HEALTH SUMMIT
In early 2004, Lee Hartwell, President Emeritus of the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center; George F. Russell, Jr.,
then-Chairman of The National Bureau of Asian Research (NBR ); William H. Gates, Sr., Co-Chair of the Bill & Melinda
Gates Foundation
; and Michael Birt, Founding Director of NBR ’s Center for Health and Aging, sketched out a vision
for how emerging science and technology could link with global health policy to transform health and healthcare. They
brainstormed on the need to prevent, detect, and treat illness early enough to drastically reduce the human and financial costs
of disease, an intensely personal issue for each of them. From those discussions emerged the initial plan to organize and host
the Pacific Health Summit.

With that vision, George Russell, Jr. and Bill Gates, Sr. took on the combined role of Co-Chairs of the Summit’s Senior
Advisory Group and provided the seed funding for the Pacific Health Summit.
...

Another valuable result for the vaccine field from a past Summit was an announcement
in 2007 by Margaret Chan, Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), that the WHO would create a global avian influenza vaccine
stockpile.


GlaxoSmithKline simultaneously announced a donation of 50 million doses of pre-pandemic
influenza vaccine to help establish the WHO stockpile, and three other pharmaceutical companies—Baxter
International, Sanofi Pasteur, and Omnivest—followed suit with contributions.

 In 2009, sanofi-aventis CEO Chris Viehbacher announced a donation of 100 million doses to  the stockpile.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #6 on: December 31, 2011, 04:59:47 pm »
fyi...
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #7 on: January 11, 2012, 04:54:12 pm »
Tr-H3N2 for flu season?  

TrH3N2 = Triple reassortment - H3N2 Swine flu virus

http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/16/4/09-1583_article.htm
Volume 16, Number 4— April 2010  -Letter
Triple Reassortant Swine Influenza A (H3N2) Virus in Waterfowl ...

A Drudge link:

http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2012/01/11/12-infected-with-new-swine-flu-strain
12 Infected With New Swine Flu Strain
By Jason Koebler

January 11, 2012 RSS Feed Print The days of medical masks at airports and widespread panic may be coming back—that's because at least 12 humans are believed to have been infected with a new strain of swine flu that's not covered by this season's vaccine.

The new swine flu strain, H3N2v, has shown at least some potential for human-to-human transmission in those 12 individuals, which makes it especially dangerous. Between 2009 and mid-2010, more than 17,000 people died worldwide from the highly contagious H1N1 swine flu strain, leading the World Health Organization to call the strain a pandemic.

The 12 people with the new swine flu strain live in Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia.

Officials for the Centers for Disease Control say the sample size of H3N2 infections is too small to know whether it will pose a threat to the population at large.
...
Jeffrey Dimond, a CDC spokesman. "Most of the cases have come through direct contact with the animals, through the 4H Club and that sort of thing." [ i.e. piggies harbor H3N2 ]
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Offline Sheepleprod

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #8 on: January 12, 2012, 04:51:44 pm »
So they can create a carcinogenic vaccine for it before they...I mean it occurs naturally in the environment  ;)

Offline SUPREMEMASTER

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #9 on: January 12, 2012, 06:24:17 pm »
Remember this?


"Is FEMA & DHS preparing for mass graves and martial law near Chicago ?"

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I1VC3_csfn4

Quote
D. H. Williams
Daily Newscaster
February 13, 2009
http://www.dailynewscaster.com/2009/02/11/inside-source-reveals-fema-dhs-prepairing-for-mass-graves-and-martial-law-near-chicago/
An Indiana county municipal official in the vicinity of Chicago reveals the contents of his meetings with FEMA and the Department of Homeland Security. The initial requests seem reasonable enough when FEMA asks the county officials to prepare a Hazard Mitigation Plan to deal with flooding, fires, high winds and tornadoes.

But as the required meetings and calls with FEMA and DHS continue over a two year period their request become more unusual, raising suspicions of county officials

Listen to the audio:



We want to know every important thing in this county. We want to know where police departments are. Where weapons are stored. Hazardous material. Where can we land a helicopter. Where are the airports. How big a plane can you land at the airport. Where are all the bridges. Where are all the power stations. Where are all the generating stations.Where are all the substations. They literally wanted to know where everything was. Im sitting there thinking man if there was ever martial law. This kind of information is exactly the kind of stuff they are going to want. Were just laying it all out for them right there.

During the legally mandated meetings held with FEMA and DHS different disaster scenarios were reveled to county officials:

• In late December 2008 municipal officials were invited to Indianapolis for a briefing on the state of Indiana. There were told if industry were to collapse for example GM going bankrupt resulting in mass unemployment a depression would soon follow and municipalities could expect to loose 40% of their funds.

• Every county in the nation would be required to prepare a Hazard Mitigation Plan.

• The county should prepare a plan to vaccinate the entire population within 48 hours and practice the plan several times.

• FEMA inquired to where mass graves could be placed in the county and would they accept bodies from elsewhere.

• The sheriffs department via the state sheriff association was told that no .223 ammunition rounds would be available as the military would be purchasing all stocks.

• The county was asked to make plans for hardening of police and fire stations, putting in hardened bunker type buildings around town.

• The county was asked to make plans for the possibility of up to 400,000 refugees from Chicago.


I had a copy of this laying around on a CD so I uploaded it to youtube.

http://www.infowars.com/is-fema-dhs-preparing-for-mass-graves-and-martial-law-near-chicago/
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Jordan

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #10 on: January 13, 2012, 01:03:59 am »
Here's another older one .. remember this? Truckers getting paid massive amounts of money to truck "flu".

http://youtu.be/ZG4-i7eR-_w

Offline chris jones

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #11 on: January 13, 2012, 09:05:25 pm »
  Common sense dictates that developing a virus is litteraly insanity, what kind of *&$( would do this, for money, fringe genuises lost in their world of science, or sold out traitors that have known from day one this is a method of extermination that can be perpetrated on humans and made ot appear as if it is a natrual virus that has mutated.
  I will never take a shot, not will any of my family or friends, and those who have the capacity to interpret the truth.

Online TahoeBlue

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #12 on: January 14, 2012, 06:49:38 pm »
http://www.usnews.com/news/articles/2012/01/13/universal-flu-vaccine-could-be-available-by-2013

Universal Flu Vaccine Could Be Available by 2013

'Holy Grail' of Flu Vaccines by Next Year
January 13, 2012 RSS Feed Print

Annual flu shots might soon become a thing of the past, and threats such as avian and swine flu might disappear with them as a vaccine touted as the "holy grail" of flu treatment could be ready for human trials next year.

That's earlier than the National Institutes of Health estimated in 2010, when they said a universal vaccine could be five years off. By targeting the parts of the virus that rarely mutate, researchers believe they can develop a vaccine similar to the mumps or measles shot—people will be vaccinated as children and then receive boosters later.
 
That differs from the current '60s-era technology, according to Joseph Kim, head of Inovio Pharmaceuticals, which is working on the universal vaccine. Each year, the seasonal flu vaccine targets three or four strains that researchers believe will be the most common that year. Previous seasons' vaccines have no effect on future strains of the virus, because it mutates quickly. The seasonal vaccine also offers no protection against outbreaks, such as 2009's H1N1 swine flu. A universal vaccine would offer protection against all forms of the virus.
 
"It's like putting up a tent over your immune system that protects against rapidly mutating viruses," Kim says. At least two other companies are working on a similar vaccine. In late 2010, Inovio earned a $3.1 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to work on the vaccine.
 
"It's a completely different paradigm than how [the vaccines] are made seasonably every year," Kim says.

...
In late 2011, two research groups created a strain of H5N1 bird flu that could be passed from human to human, leading the World Health Organization to issue a statement that said they were "deeply concerned about the potential negative consequences" that publishing their research could cause. Some news outlets have called the new strain "engineered doomsday" and wondered whether terrorist organizations could create and distribute a similar virus. Kim says not to worry.
 
"I am very certain our vaccine can already neutralize that newly made virus," he says. "We're trying to get our hands on it."

Inovio is working on vaccines that'll protect against other strains, such as H3N2, which is seen in a newly-emerged swine flu virus.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #13 on: January 17, 2012, 02:27:10 pm »
http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=90023.msg527932#msg527932
...
Bayer Avian Influenza Summit





SPP -   http://www4.dr-rath-foundation.org/us/north_american_union.html

August 28, 2007

U.S. under U.N. law in health emergency
Bush's SPP power grab sets stage for military to manage flu threats
The Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America summit in Canada released a plan that establishes U.N. law along with regulations by the World Trade Organization and World Health Organization as supreme over U.S. law during a pandemic and sets the stage for militarizing the management of continental health emergencies.

The "North American Plan for Avian & Pandemic Influenza" http://www.spp.gov/pdf/nap_flu07.pdf was finalized at the SPP summit last week in Montebello, Quebec.

At the same time, the U.S. Northern Command, or NORTHCOM, has created a webpage dedicated to avian flu and has been running exercises in preparation for the possible use of U.S. military forces in a continental domestic emergency involving avian flu or pandemic influenza.
http://www.defenselink.mil/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=14987
...
"unlike previous pandemic influenzas, this will be the first time in the history of humanity that we actually have an opportunity to plan in advance how we would respond to a global pandemic," said Army Lt. Col. (Dr.) Dan Bochicchio, vice chief surgeon of the National Guard Bureau.

Read article at worldnetdaily.com
http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=57369

... SPP Plan...
Canada, Mexico and the United States face a growing threat posed by the spread of avian influenza and the
potential emergence of a human influenza pandemic. The highly pathogenic H5N1 virus, which re-emerged
in Asia in late 2003, has already spread to Europe, the Middle East and Africa. While the virus has not yet
reached North America, the three countries must be prepared for the day when it—or some other highly
contagious virus—does.

Quote
The "North American Plan for Avian & Pandemic Influenza" http://www.spp.gov/pdf/nap_flu07.pdf was finalized at the SPP summit last week in Montebello, Quebec.  

That doc link is gone  - you can get it here:
The "North American Plan for Avian & Pandemic Influenza"

Zoning And Compartmentalization

In the event of an incursion of NAI virus into North American poultry, the three countries, as WTO Members,
must comply with Article 6 of the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures
(WTO SPS Agreement), including Article 6.2 which requires that WTO Members “shall, in particular,
recognize the concepts of pest- or disease-free areas and areas of low pest or disease prevalence.”
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #14 on: January 22, 2012, 03:14:58 pm »
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/01/21/science/scientists-to-pause-research-on-deadly-strain-of-bird-flu.html?_r=1&hp
Scientists to Pause Research on Deadly Strain of Bird Flu
By DENISE GRADY
Published: January 20, 2012

The scientists who altered a deadly flu virus to make it more contagious have agreed to suspend their research for 60 days to give other international experts time to discuss the work and determine how it can proceed without putting the world at risk of a potentially catastrophic pandemic.

Suspensions of biomedical research are almost unheard of; the only other one in the United States was a moratorium from 1974 to 1976 on some types of recombinant DNA research, because of safety concerns.

A letter explaining the flu decision is being published in two scientific journals, Science and Nature, which also plan to publish reports on the research, but in a redacted form, omitting details that would let other researchers copy the experiments. The letter is signed by the scientists who produced the new, more contagious form of the flu virus, as well as by more than 30 other leading flu researchers.

“We recognize that we and the rest of the scientific community need to clearly explain the benefits of this important research and the measures taken to minimize its possible risks,” the letter states. At an international meeting next month in Geneva, participants selected by the World Health Organization will consider what to do next. Dr. Anthony Fauci, head of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said the gathering would “address some of these difficult issues on an international scale instead of something restricted to the United States government.”
...
Dr. Fauci and others who support the research say it may help explain how flu viruses that start out in animals adapt to humans and become transmissible, and therefore able to cause pandemics. That information, the researchers say, could help them recognize viruses on the way to developing pandemic potential.
...

Recently, the teams in Rotterdam and Madison announced that they had produced a form of H5N1 with mutations that allowed it to “go airborne,” meaning that it spread through the air from one ferret to another. Presumably, though not certainly, the virus could spread in the same way among people.

Dr. Fouchier said he was surprised by how easy it was to change the virus into the very form that the world has been dreading. Now, scientists around the world will have to grapple with what to do with Dr. Fouchier’s creation.
...

Correction: January 21, 2012
An earlier version of this article misstated that Dr. Anthony Fauci was head of the National Institutes of Health.

| - - - -

http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/481443a.html

Pause on avian flu transmission studies
Ron A. M. Fouchier,
Adolfo García-Sastre,
Yoshihiro Kawaoka
& 36 co-authors
Affiliations
Corresponding author
 Nature(2012)doi:10.1038/481443aPublished online 20 January 2012

The continuous threat of an influenza pandemic represents one of the biggest challenges in public health. Influenza pandemics are known to be caused by viruses that evolve from animal reservoirs, such as birds and pigs, and can acquire genetic changes that increase their ability to transmit in humans. Pandemic preparedness plans have been implemented worldwide to mitigate the impact of influenza pandemics. A major obstacle in preventing influenza pandemics is that little is known regarding what makes an influenza virus transmissible in humans. As a consequence, the potential pandemic risk associated with the many different influenza viruses of animals cannot be assessed with any certainty.

Recent research breakthroughs identified specific determinants of transmission of H5N1 influenza viruses in ferrets. Responsible research on influenza virus transmission using different animal models is conducted by multiple laboratories in the world using the highest international standards of biosafety and biosecurity practices that effectively prevent the release of transmissible viruses from the laboratory. These standards are regulated and monitored closely by the relevant authorities. This statement is being made by the principal investigators of these laboratories.

In two independent studies conducted in two leading influenza laboratories at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and Erasmus MC in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, investigators have proved that viruses possessing a haemagglutinin (HA) protein from highly pathogenic avian H5N1 influenza viruses can become transmissible in ferrets. This is critical information that advances our understanding of influenza transmission. However, more research is needed to determine how influenza viruses in nature become human pandemic threats, so that they can be contained before they acquire the ability to transmit from human to human, or so that appropriate countermeasures can be deployed if adaptation to humans occurs

...
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #15 on: January 23, 2012, 11:37:26 am »
Quote
...multiple laboratories in the world using the highest international standards of biosafety and biosecurity practices that effectively prevent the release of transmissible viruses from the laboratory.
...
In two independent studies conducted in two leading influenza laboratories at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and Erasmus MC in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, investigators have proved that viruses possessing a haemagglutinin (HA) protein from highly pathogenic avian H5N1 influenza viruses can become transmissible in ferrets

So is this BSL-4 or BSL-3???

http://www.thedailypage.com/isthmus/article.php?article=27102

Say no to new UW-Madison germ lab
Mishaps suggest the facility would put the public at risk
Rick Bogle on Thursday 10/08/2009

In April 2008, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) wrote to the UW-Madison, saying it was "extremely concerned" that experiments occurring here had "serious potential consequences to public health."
 
Documents recently released to me in response to an open records request show that a graduate student aided by others genetically modified undisclosed "select agents" to be resistant to antibiotics. They did it without NIH approval, which is required.
 
"Select agents" are infectious diseases considered by the U.S. government as having the potential to pose substantial harm to human, animal or plant health. The names of the specific "select agents" are redacted from the documents (see here).
 
When the violations were discovered and reported by the university, more than 3,000 vials of unapproved antibiotic-resistant "select agents" had to be destroyed. The investigation remains open.
 
In a letter to UW-Madison Chancellor Biddy Martin, a campus committee said the university wasn't in compliance with NIH guidelines because of "gross and chronic" understaffing.
 
Such admissions should raise red flags about the UW's existing Biosafety Level 3 (BSL-3) labs, and perhaps especially its plans to open a new one at the Primate Research Center, just a block off Regent Street.
 
University officials say this new lab will study SARS, bird flu and tuberculosis, and will rely on a system called BioBubbles to contain the germs.
 
BioBubbles are frames with flexible plastic sheeting hung over them, something like portable greenhouses. BioBubbles were designed for quick deployment in temporary emergency situations, like the 2001 anthrax attacks.
 
BSL-3 labs use biosafety cabinets that are supposed to keep the germs from escaping into the rest of the lab and potentially into the community.
 
Leaks in biosafety cabinets manufactured by the UW-Madison have led to workers being infected with the germs they were studying, according to an Associated Press article in January. At Texas A&M, lab workers were infected with the bioweapons agent brucella, and in Seattle, workers were infected with tuberculosis. The university stopped manufacturing these cabinets at the end of 2008, citing potential huge liability costs.
 
Infectious diseases are grouped by the risks they pose. The most dangerous diseases are studied in Biosafety Level-4 labs (BSL-4), like the laboratory that the university wanted to build in the town of Dunn. (The site was passed over by an NIH selection committee.) People working in these labs wear full-body spacesuits connected to air hoses.
 
There are only four BSL-4 labs operating in the U.S. Just below them, in safety procedures, are the BSL-3 labs.
 
[size=14t]UW-Madison flu researcher Yoshihiro Kawaoka works out of an underground BSL-3 lab at University Research Park[/size]. It has 10-inch-thick crack-resistant walls and, according to a 2006 article in On Wisconsin, resembles "a land-bound submarine crafted of concrete."
 
This lab was built after the NIH called a halt to Kawaoka's Ebola research in 2007, citing his lack of proper biosafety. A few years earlier, researchers around the world expressed alarm that Kawaoka was studying the 1918 Spanish flu in a BSL-3 lab. The Spanish flu is the most virulent and deadly disease ever encountered.
 
The primate center lab poses special risks. Isthmus readers know that monkeys sometimes escape from their cages ("My Monkey," 5/16/09). Would an infected berserk monkey be able to push his way through the plastic sheeting?
 
And no matter how secure a lab is, there is always the human factor. What assurances do we have that a person given access to deadly germs would not, through accident or design, use them to cause infection?
 
The new BSL-3 infectious disease lab that the university wants to create at the primate center poses needless serious threats to the community. We know from the university's "gross and chronic" biosafety understaffing that it doesn't take biosafety very seriously. Should neighbors bet their family's safety on a promise to change?
 
We don't need a new BSL-3 lab in a residential neighborhood. The university says forthrightly that the proposed lab will allow it to attract more research dollars. That's not a strong enough reason to put the community at an increased risk of accidental infection with diseases like SARS or the plague.
 
http://www.warf.org/servlet/techsummary?ipnumber=P09098US02

UW-Madison researchers previously developed a method of engineering Ebola virus so it does not contain a protein necessary for replication (see WARF reference number P01214US). To amplify and sustain this virus, it is grown in a cell line that expresses the
protein. Because the modified virus is not capable of replicating on its own, it can be used to screen for compounds that interfere with viral replication and packaging without being dangerous to normal cells or requiring BSL-4 containment.

KEY BENEFITS
• Drugs already are approved for other uses.
• Does not require BSL-4 containment
• Inhibitors can be used alone or in conjunction with other antiviral, prophylactic or therapeutic compounds.
• Can be used to identify agents that inhibit other filoviruses in addition to Ebola
ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
For more information about the inventors, visit DiscoveryPortal.org
Yoshihiro Kawaoka

http://www.news.wisc.edu/14634
Ebola virus disarmed by excising a single gene
Jan. 21, 2008 by Terry Devitt


The deadly Ebola virus, an emerging public health concern in Africa and a potential biological weapon, ranks among the most feared of exotic pathogens.
...


Now, however, a team of researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison has figured out a way to genetically disarm the virus, effectively confining it to a set of specialized cells and making the agent safe to study under conditions far less stringent than those currently imposed.
 
"We wanted to make biologically contained Ebola virus," explains Yoshihiro Kawaoka, a professor of pathobiological sciences in the UW-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine and the senior author of a paper describing the system for containing the virus published today (Jan. 21, 2008) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. "This is a great system."
...
 
"This is an emerging virus and it's highly lethal," Kawaoka says. "But because of the BSL 4 requirement, knowledge of this virus is limited."
 
In addition to Kawaoka, who also holds an appointment at the University of Tokyo, authors of the new study include Peter Halfmann, Jin H. Kim and Gabriele Neumann of UW-Madison; Hideki Ebihara and Takeshi Noda of the University of Tokyo; and Heinz Feldmann of the Public Health Agency of Canada.
 
http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/bt/vhf/news/sep2507ebola(2).html

Wisconsin lab broke Ebola rules, watchdog group says
Lisa Schnirring  Staff Writer


Sep 25, 2007 (CIDRAP News) – Researchers at the University of Wisconsin at Madison (UW-Madison) worked on Ebola virus genetic material in a lab that lacked the required security measures, and federal agencies responsible for monitoring compliance didn't notice the problem, a watchdog group that monitors biodefense research safety reported recently.

UW-Madison's institutional biosafety committee (IBC) wrongly allowed well-known influenza researcher Yoshihiro Kawaoka to work with Ebola genetic material in a biosafety level 3 (BSL-3) lab, though federal rules require use of a BSL-4 lab for such work, the Sunshine Project, based in Austin, Tex., reported on Sep 19. BSL-4 is the highest biosecurity rating.

The university stopped the research in October 2006 after the National Institutes of Health (NIH) said a BSL-4 lab was required, even though the university disagreed, according to UW-Madison officials. The NIH was funding the research.

Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #16 on: January 23, 2012, 11:53:18 am »
Who, besides "terrorists," would want to "engineer" a weaponized bird flu virus in the first place?
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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #17 on: January 23, 2012, 11:57:21 am »
Who, besides "terrorists," would want to "engineer" a weaponized bird flu virus in the first place?

The War Department became the Defense Department after WWII
The Bio Weapons Labs became Bio Defense labs....in 1969 with Nixon
Thus began the "War on Cancer"

Global Eugenics Pandemic Timeline

***CDC created this hybrid flu years ago--CDC/Baxter/Schering-Plough/Merck
Oct 2004 - reconstruction of 1918 Swine Flu  - r1918 - The team started the work at the highest level of containment, BSL-4, at Canada’s National Microbiology Laboratory in Winnipeg. Then they decided the viruses were safe enough to handle at the next level down, and did the rest of the work across the border in a BSL-3Ag lab in Madison, Wis.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #18 on: January 23, 2012, 12:10:01 pm »
http://www.germsgonewild.com/view.php?id=24
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE:
Contact: Kenneth King
Sept. 23, 2011 [email protected]
812-822-2554

CONTAGION-LIKE GERMS ALREADY IN U.S., AUTHOR SAYS
 
...
King says that in the year 2000, scientists at the CDC and elsewhere began crossing H5N1 bird flu and H3N2 human flu to see if they could make bird flu directly transmissible between humans. In 2010, a research team led by the University of Wisconsin-Madison’s Yoshihiro Kawaoka announced it had created all the 254 possible hybrids of H5N1 and H3N2. Twenty-two of the genetically engineered mutations were even deadlier than the parent bird flu strain, and many were directly transmissible between humans.

...
But in real life, King says, the CDC allowed UW-Madison to conduct its bird flu research in a BSL-3 lab. (UW-Madison doesn’t have a BSL-4 lab.)

Researchers at the CDC and elsewhere also reconstituted from scratch the “extinct” 1918 flu, believed to have killed more than 50 million people worldwide.

Some of this research was also done in BSL-3 labs, King says. Since that time, researchers at multiple institutions have been at work genetically engineering hybrids of the 1918 flu.

The numbers of BSL-3 labs in the US exploded after 2001, rising from 200 or so to over 1356. Government Accountability Office experts testified in 2007 that oversight for the labs and their 15,000 or so new researchers is spotty.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #19 on: January 23, 2012, 12:23:52 pm »
http://www.jsonline.com/blogs/news/136918768.html

Federal government approved security at UW bird flu lab
By Karen Herzog of the Journal Sentinel
Jan. 9, 2012

While the New York Times is calling for an influenza virus created in an academic research lab in the Netherlands to either be destroyed or moved to government-controlled laboratories with the highest containment rating because of the danger the virus poses, little is known publicly about another contagious virus engineered in a University of Wisconsin-Madison lab.
 
But a UW-Madison spokesman said Monday that the level of biosecurity surrounding the H5N1 avian influenza virus in the UW lab was approved by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the U.S. Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, which regulates genetically engineered organisms. The UW lab is classified as a Biosafety Level 3Ag lab (BSL 3Ag), one step below the highest containment rating.

The UW study led by a world-renowned bird flu researcher in the School of Veterinary Medicine was funded in part by the National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases, "which suggests they were well aware of the type of work being done here," said Terry Devitt, a UW-Madison spokesman. The transmission experiments in the BSL 3Ag suite were conducted in micro isolator cages to contain the agent, he said.
 
The initial generation of the virus and processing of animal samples was done at a BSL-3 enhanced lab, Devitt said. "Yes, we are approved by the federal government to work with H5N1 at that level of containment."
 
Researchers have been working to better understand how the virus could be stopped if it mutated in nature to become highly contagious among humans. It currently is only spread directly from animals to people.
 
Avian influenza, or bird flu as it is commonly called, could become deadlier than smallpox before that disease was eradicated, critics contend.
 
The New York Times in an editorial Sunday called for the H5N1 influenza virus created in the Netherlands to be destroyed or moved to government-controlled laboratories with the highest containment rating, known as Biosafety Level 4, because it could kill tens or hundreds of millions of people if it escaped confinement or was stolen by terrorists.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #20 on: January 23, 2012, 01:01:23 pm »
Lets look at what Texas' BSL-4 is up to....

reference: SwRI - SFBR - Tom Slick - The Other Battelle - Only Private BSL-4

http://txbiomed.org/departments/virology/virology-staff-bio?u=33
Texas Biomed Staff
Jean L. Patterson Scientist and Chair | Virology and Immunology


Texas Biomed’s Department of Virology and Immunology develops vaccines and therapeutics against highly lethal viral pathogens, and determines how they replicate and spread through basic and applied research. To defeat viruses that cause AIDS, hepatitis, herpes, hemorrhagic fevers, and a host of other illnesses, our scientists approach viruses on two different fronts. First, they examine how viruses replicate and propagate in order to identify their vulnerability. Second, they study how the immune system recognizes a virus and how best to stimulate immune response to clear viral infections.

Texas Biomed has had a BSL4 maximum containment laboratory since 2000.  We have worked on the development of countermeasures against BW agents, now called select agents.  We have also placed a great deal of resources in developing therapies and vaccines against naturally occurring pathogens that can cause sporadic but lethal outbreaks.  

Texas Biomed has developed two vaccines against Ebola, one with Emory University and one with Crucell pharmaceuticals which are under going further studies.  We have also worked with the University of Maryland on the development of two vaccines against Lassa fever.  Lassa fever is a hemorrhagic fever which causes serious outbreaks in West Africa; more than 500,000 persons are infected every year with approximately a 10% fatality rate and many different forms of lasting effects.  

We have worked on the development of repurposing of drugs that have been already approved by the FDA for other diseases and are now being tested to check for any anti-microbial activities.  This type of drug development is extremely fast and extremely inexpensive when looking for newer and better drugs, the cost of the R&D, and safety and efficacy studies are dramatically decreased.

The BSL4 laboratory is utilized by the federal agencies, DOD, NIH, FDA and FBI for studies that require specific capabilities.  It is also utilized by pharmaceutical companies for testing of new treatments and vaccines against all highly lethal and contagious pathogens.

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sites/entrez/18986663
Virology. 2009 Jan 5;383(1):12-21. Epub 2008 Nov 4.

Protection against lethal challenge by Ebola virus-like particles produced in insect cells.
Sun Y, Carrion R Jr, Ye L, Wen Z, Ro YT, Brasky K, Ticer AE, Schwegler EE, Patterson JL, Compans RW, Yang C.
Virology. 2010 Mar 30;399(1):186.

Abstract

Ebola virus-like particles (VLPs) were produced in insect cells using a recombinant baculovirus expression system and their efficacy for protection against Ebola virus infection was investigated. Two immunizations with 50 microg Ebola VLPs (high dose) induced a high level of antibodies against Ebola GP that exhibited strong neutralizing activity against GP-mediated virus infection and conferred complete protection of vaccinated mice against lethal challenge by a high dose of mouse-adapted Ebola virus.

http://txbiomed.org/about/about-our-founder/institute's-origin

Founder Tom Slick with the Institute's first president, Dr. Harold Vagtborg.

Himself a successful inventor and deeply interested in the ideals of scientific research, Tom Slick created a series of research organizations to meet the challenge to better mankind. After graduating from college, he decided to “realize in bricks and mortar the nonprofit approach to scientific research” that had always fired his imagination.
 
On December 16, 1941, when he was only 25, he established the Foundation of Applied Research (FAR) by a trust indenture. Endowed with 1,875 shares of the Slick-Urschel Oil Company, FAR's mission was to provide fundamental research and advanced education, covering agricultural research, the natural sciences and medicine. FAR's name was changed in 1952 to the Southwest Foundation for Research and Education, succeeded by the Southwest Foundation for Biomedical Research in 1984.

In 2011, the name was changed to Texas Biomedical Research Institute.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #21 on: January 30, 2012, 07:25:11 pm »
I find this interesting. The study of Permafrost Bacteria... That they could take the DNA sequences that produce antibiotic resistance...and put them into modern bacteria? Also note that the Russians have just completed their drilling in Antartica

http://info.ornl.gov/sites/publications/files/Pub21055.pdf

6.3.4 Resistance of permafrost bacteria to antibiotics and heavy metals

The occurrence of viable Cenozoic microorganisms within the permafrost is intriguing because an analysis of their features may provide a window into microbial life as it was before the impact of humans.
...
The first study was carried out in eastern Arctic, where microbial populations of modern tundra soil and ~3 million years old permafrost were tested for their resistance to antibiotics.
...
At the same time, some of the ancient bacteria were more resistant to a number of antibiotics (novobiocin, carbenicillin,
ampicillin, trimethoprim and bacitracin) than the modern populations
, and the pattern of antibiotic sensitivity in permafrost was clearly very different from any that have been seen in a wide variety of modern soils studied (Tiedje et al. 1994).
Recently, strains resistant to the following antibiotics—chloramphenicol, streptomycin, kanamycin, gentamicin, tetracycline, spectinomycin, neomycin—were isolated from permafrost.

The analyses of these strains  indicate the presence of all types of mobile elements known among modern bacteria: plasmids, insertion sequence elements, transposons and, probably, integrons. For example, among streptomycin resistant bacteria from permafrost, strains that contain well studied and wide spread transposon Tn5393 with streptomycin-resistance genes were found.

This indicates that antibiotic resistance was common in microbial communities well before the commercial use of antibiotics. The cause of such enhanced antibiotic resistance is not clear, however it may be suggested that a generalized response of the community to in situ stresses, e.g., freezing and starvation, may also protect bacteria from some antibiotics.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #22 on: February 18, 2012, 11:57:46 am »
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/02/17/deadly-bird-flu-studies-verdict_n_1285150.html
H5N1 Bird Flu Studies Will Remain A Secret Until WHO Assesses Risk
By Stephanie Nebehay and Kate Kelland - 02/17/2012
 
GENEVA/LONDON (Reuters) - Two studies showing how scientists mutated the H5N1 bird flu virus into a form that could cause a deadly human pandemic will be published only after experts fully assess the risks, the World Health Organization (WHO) said on Friday.

Speaking after a high-level meeting of flu experts and U.S. security officials in Geneva, a WHO official said an deal had been reached in principle to keep details of the controversial work secret until deeper risk analyses could be carried out.
...
The WHO called the meeting to break a deadlock between scientists who have studied the mutations needed to make H5N1 bird flu transmit between mammals, and the U.S. National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB), which wanted the work censored before it was published in scientific journals.
...
The only NSABB member attending the meeting was infectious disease expert Paul Keim of Northern Arizona University and he "got the hell beat out of him," the source said.

"It was a closed meeting dominated by flu people who have a vested interest in continuing this kind of work," he added.
...
Alberts said it is still not clear how the scientists in Geneva plan to handle biosafety issues mentioned by the group, and it is still not clear when the papers will be published, but it will likely not be years
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #23 on: February 24, 2012, 12:42:22 pm »
Is The Armageddon Strain From Sharon Gilbert's Book About To Be Released?

The altermedia net is buzzing with rumors of a mutated SARS or avian flu in Baoding Hospital No. 252, Hebei province. The CDC is denying this report, calling it nothing more than net hysteria. While it’s possible that it’s much ado about nothing, it should be noted that Hebei province has suffered from severe bouts of H5N1 since early February, to the degree that egg demand–for fears of transmission–has plummeted. According to an article posted yesterday at sina.com, children are the latest victims: “Recently, a fever of children really, we pay more attention to our children have lost several a few days fluid.” Recently, the provincial capital of Miss Shi telling everyone that. The data from the hospital confirmed the feelings of Miss Shi: Since last Saturday, the provincial capital of patients with flu-like fever surge on outpatients has more than doubled the previous week.

http://sharonkgilbert.com/?p=1775


Deadly Mutated Virus Formulas To Be Published Despite Health Dangers

The Atlantic online (Feb. 16) features this question: Shouldn't regular citizens be able to weigh in on whether scientists are allowed to play with a virus that could kill a third of the population? Writer Pagan Kennedy's answer, summarized in the headline: Good luck. Unfortunately, that feared virus may already exist. Two forms of the virus residing in two laboratories, one in the Netherlands and one in Wisconsin, may be highly contagious and highly deadly in humans, but we have evidence only from a good animal model for influenza viruses. We'll never know if it would be as deadly in humans simply because we cannot infect humans to get the proof. Those who have been sounding the alarm are among the world leaders in molecular biology, microbiology, virology, public health and microbial genetics. Dr. Paul Keim was quoted in the journal Science in November: "I can't think of another pathogenic organism that is as scary as this one.... I don't think anthrax is scary at all compared to this."

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/edward-j-sylvester/a-new-h5n1-research-that-_b_1285838.html
Spare no cost for truth's sake, neither depart from it for any gain. -Proverbs 23:23

Bestow not the gifts that God has given you to get worldly riches. -Proverbs 23:4

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Re: WHO Admits Scientists are Engineering Super H5N1 Bird Flu Virus - Why?
« Reply #24 on: February 24, 2012, 02:55:06 pm »
Now i just love this B.S. - they develop a special Bio WEAPONIZED H5N1 andn now publish articles that it's not scary...
This is Apples and Oranges....


http://www.latimes.com/health/la-sci-bird-flu-lethal-20120224,0,1494616.story

H5N1 bird flu infection may be more common, less deadly, than thought
Mount Sinai School of Medicine virologists find signs of infection in 1-2% of blood samples screened, but most people didn't seek or need treatment.

By Eryn Brown, Los Angeles Times
 
February 23, 2012, 4:48 p.m.
The World Health Organization says the H5N1 bird flu kills nearly 60% of people who become infected, but a study released Thursday suggests the true fatality rate may actually be much lower.

Virologists at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine in New York City examined data on blood samples collected from more than 12,000 people in Asia, Europe and Africa and found evidence of H5N1 infection in 1% to 2% of cases. Most of those people did not become ill with the flu, according to a report in the journal Science, and none of them died.
...
"You could reduce the seriousness of this virus twentyfold and it would still exceed that of the 1918 Spanish flu," said Michael T. Osterholm, director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota.

The H1N1 flu responsible for the 1918 outbreak had a fatality rate of about 2%. But it killed as many as 50 million people worldwide because it spread easily between people.
...
In December, fears of an H5N1 pandemic led a U.S. government biosecurity advisory board to seek restrictions on the publication of that research. The request angered scientists who said they needed to share their findings in order to develop vaccines and prepare for a possible pandemic.

But the biosecurity panel, of which Osterholm is a member, said the data could be dangerous if it wound up in the wrong hands.

Scientists and public health officials are still debating how to proceed. Last week, the flu researchers agreed to continue a moratorium on the research and further delay publication of their findings while the issues are sorted out.



http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/influenza/avianflu/biofacts/avflu.html

HPAI as a Biological Weapon ( highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI), also known as fowl plague )
HPAI is considered a potential biological weapon because of the following factors:


Extremely contagious
High mortality rate
Severe economic consequences of an outbreak:
Large numbers of birds are destroyed or die.
Control measures disrupt trade of poultry products from affected areas.
Prices of retail poultry products may increase significantly.
Virus has a high potential for genetic mutations and for new strains to arise and affect new species
The Hong Kong epidemic of 1997 and the associated human cases demonstrate the ability of the virus to affect humans and birds.

Baxter Sent Bird Flu Virus to European Labs by Error (Update2)
24 February 2009,
By Michelle Fay Cortez and Jason Gale - Bloomberg
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=aTo3LbhcA75I

Feb. 24 (Bloomberg) -- Baxter International Inc. in Austria unintentionally contaminated samples with the bird flu virus that were used in laboratories in three neighboring countries, raising concern about the potential spread of the deadly disease.

The contamination was discovered when ferrets at a laboratory in the Czech Republic died after being inoculated with vaccine made from the samples early this month. The material came from Deerfield, Illinois-based Baxter, which reported the incident to the Austrian Ministry of Health, Sigrid Rosenberger, a ministry spokeswoman, said today in a telephone interview.

“This was infected with a bird flu virus,” Rosenberger said. “There were some people from the company who handled it.”

The material was intended for use in laboratories, and none of the lab workers have fallen ill. The incident is drawing scrutiny over the safety of research using the H5N1 bird flu strain that’s killed more than three-fifths of the people known to have caught the bug worldwide. Some scientists say the 1977 Russian flu, the most recent global outbreak, began when a virus escaped from a laboratory.

The virus material was supposed to contain a seasonal flu virus and was contaminated after “human error,” said Christopher Bona, a spokesman for Baxter, in a telephone interview.


‘Sanitized’

Baxter “moved very quickly to sanitize and protect employees,” Bona said. “Labs have been sanitized, potentially contaminated materials have been destroyed and employees were tested and considered not to be at risk.”

Baxter gained 93 cents, or 1.6 percent, to $58.27 at 4 p.m. in New York Stock Exchange composite trading, and has lost 2.3 percent over the last 12 months.

The Austrian health ministry reported the incident to the European Union and is conducting its own audit, Rosenberger said. In response, Baxter said it has put in place “preventive and corrective” measures that the ministry found satisfactory. The vaccine has been destroyed, according to Rosenberger.

The World Health Organization “is aware of the situation and is consulting with the ministers of health of the countries involved to ensure that all public risks arising from this event have been identified and managed appropriately,” said Gregory Hartl, a spokesman in Geneva.


European Agencies

The European Medicines Agency has no immediate comment, said Monika Benstetter, an agency spokeswoman. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which distributes seasonal flu viruses to companies for vaccine manufacturing, isn’t investigating or providing consultation, said Tom Skinner, a spokesman for the Atlanta-based agency. The CDC is staying in touch with the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control regarding the incident, Skinner said.

The H5N1 strain of avian flu has been monitored by health officials around the world for more than a decade for signs it could mutate into a form that is easily spread among humans. Currently, it passes mainly among infected poultry.

A flu pandemic of avian or other origin could kill more than 70 million people worldwide and lead to a “major global recession” costing more than $3 trillion, according to a worst- case scenario outlined by the World Bank in October.

H5N1 has infected at least 408 people in 15 countries since 2003, killing 63 percent of them, according to the Web site of the Geneva-based WHO.


Flu Pandemic

BioTest s.r.o, a Czech biotechnology company, was conducting research for a company called AVIR Green Hills Biotechnology using materials supplied by Baxter. The company was “supposed to get non-infected testing vaccine, which was by mistake of the supplier contaminated with the H5N1 virus,” BioTest said in a statement last week.

AVIR Green Hills monitored its lab workers for signs of illness and got access to Roche Holding AG’s Tamiflu antiviral in case of infections, said Birgit Kofler-Bettschart, a spokeswoman for the closely held, Vienna-based company. AVIR Green Hills sanitized its laboratories, destroyed potentially contaminated samples, and told health officials, she said in an e-mail today.

Three influenza pandemics, including the 1918 Spanish flu that killed more than 50 million people, have occurred since 1900.


Threats

Another three pandemic threats -- situations where a global epidemic is close to occurring -- have occurred. One was the Russian flu of 1977.

The H5N1 virus, “even if it were let out of the lab, would be only lethal for birds in its present state,” said Ilaria Capua, a veterinary virologist, whose laboratory in Padova, Italy, handles some of the avian-flu screening for the World Organization for Animal Health. Capua said she has no knowledge of the situation. “In Europe, we can react fast” to outbreaks of the disease in animals, she said.

Baxter, the world’s largest maker of blood-disease treatments, is one of the companies working on a vaccine to be used in case of a flu pandemic. The European Medicines Agency recommended approval of Baxter’s Celvapan, the first cell culture-based vaccine for bird flu in Europe, in December.


To contact the reporters on this story: Michelle Fay Cortez in London at [email protected] Gale in Singapore at [email protected]
Last Updated: February 24, 2009 16:20 EST


Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

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Notice no WHO fear factor this year over the flu or H5N1 or H1N1 or anything...... hmmmm
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Offline chris jones

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 The Grim Reaper, the name given to carriers of the plague in days of old.
There is a legend that before the villages were hit with the plague, men in hooded capes carrying what appeared to be a sickle on the outskirts of their village, thus the grim reaper fable began.
 Off subject a tad sorry,,, panademics, plagues, black death, litterally human extermination, the ultimate in high tech genocide.
  We can assume if this method of decreasing global population is used it will be said terrorists developed this strain or stole the formulas that our Gov allowed to be developed.           WTF. 

Online TahoeBlue

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Oh now that the WHO has scared the crap out western countries to pay up for the protection money of continous vaccine production - oh now that maybe the reason ....

http://topnews.us/content/241871-flu-vaccine-distribution-double-2015-combat-pandemic
Flu Vaccine Distribution to Double by 2015 to Combat Pandemic

After the world was hit by the H1N1 pandemic in 2009-2010, the first ever in 40 years, the WHO came under scanner for slow distribution of vaccine in developing countries, but with the news that global production of seasonal flu vaccine is expected get double to 1.7 billion by 2015 was a proud moment for them.
 
According to United Nations Agency, if a new flu epidemic would explode, then 37 vaccine makers including 11 new manufacturers coming in developing countries have the potential to triple their annual production to formulate 5.4 billion doses of pandemic vaccine.
 
WHO Assistant Director-General Marie-Paule Kieny stated that they were not only trying to have more flu vaccines but also the places where vaccine could be produced to maintain the diversity and people have an easy access to the vaccine

The amount of vaccine depended on, the yield of vaccine grown in the egg and how much of active ingredient –adjuvant to be used in pandemic vaccine.
 
According to an independent review panel report on WHO for last year, it was declared that the world was not prepared to handle severe pandemic.

Dr. Pathom Sawanpanyalert, Thailand's Chair of the WHO's Global Action Plan for Influenza Vaccines, has affirmed that flu vaccine would be used a tool to combat influenza pandemic.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

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http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2012/06/fouchier-h5n1/

Mutant-Bird-Flu Study Fuels Fears of Airborne H5N1
By Brandon KeimEmail Author June 21, 2012 |  2:30 pm |

After months of anticipation, the second of two controversial experiments to increase the virulence of H5N1 avian influenza has been published.

Many scientific questions are raised by the findings, and the same safety concerns remain that provoked massive public outcry and a temporary halt to the research. But if there were any doubts about H5N1′s ability to become airborne, they’re gone.

In the experiment, researchers made H5N1 strains that passed through the air between ferrets, which are often used as a model for human flu infection. Catching the highly lethal virus typically requires close contact with an infected bird or person...

...Calculating the risks and benefits of these experiments, along with experiments that made H5N1 more virulent by mixing it with the pandemic 2009 flu strain, is a complicated and controversial matter.

Supporters of the research argue that potential benefits outweigh the risks, which are enormous. Beyond giving recipes to would-be bioterrorists, accidental disease exposures at high-security research laboratories are not uncommon, and flu is extraordinarily difficult to control.

Some researchers put H5N1′s human mortality rate at 60 percent, a number likely inflated by epidemiologists overlooking cases that lack severe symptoms. But a mortality rate of just 2.5 percent killed 40 million people in the 1918 pandemic.

Should the findings prove less useful than expected, justification for H5N1 engineering would evaporate. If the findings do prove useful, there’s still powerful disagreement over how the research should be conducted. Many critics say H5N1 experiments should be restricted to a few highly skilled people in the world’s most secure laboratories.

The National Institutes of Health is currently drafting formal policies to handle this and other potentially dangerous research, a task that should have been completed years ago.

Asked about the study published today, epidemiologist Stephen Morse of Columbia University said, “At least it’s forced us to confront this issue directly, which was never really resolved and badly needs some good policy.”
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

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http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/jun/21/results-published-pandemic-h5n1-bird-flu
Study published showing how easily pandemic H5N1 bird flu could evolve

Scientists discovered it took just five genetic mutations for a potentially pandemic strain of H5N1 bird flu virus to emerge
Alok Jha, science correspondent
guardian.co.uk, Thursday 21 June 2012 14.11 EDT

...
The results of Fouchier's experiment are published today in Science.

Last month, Yoshihiro Kawaoka at the University of Wisconsin-Madison published details of another form of the bird flu virus that can pass between people, which was created by merging a mutated strain with the swine flu virus that sparked a human pandemic in 2009.

The publication of both Kawaoka and Fouchier's research had been delayed by several months after the US government's National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB) warned that the information should be censored to avoid being misused, for example by terrorists. Scientists argued that the research should be published in full so that they and public health authorities would be prepared with vaccines and public health protocols if the wild strain of H5N1 naturally mutated into a form that could easily spread between people
...
In an accompanying study in Science, Derek Smith, professor of infectious disease informatics at the University of Cambridge, used computer and mathematical models to work out whether the types of virus created by Fouchier and Kawaoka could ever occur naturally. Smith's team analysed surveillance data on avian H5N1 viruses from the past 15 years and found that two of the required five mutations from the modified viruses had already occurred in existing strains.

His team also showed that it was possible for a virus to evolve the three remaining mutations in a single host. Evolving four or five extra mutations would be more difficult but Smith was unable to quantify that risk. "We now know that we're living on a fault line," said Smith. "What we have discovered in this working collaboration with Drs. Fouchier and Kawaoka is that it's an active fault line."

[ So now when the virus slips out they can say that it naturally mutated ... it was just a matter of good timing! ]

Pandemic Planning eh??? - - - - Back in April - Let the terror begin....


http://www.cidrap.umn.edu/cidrap/content/influenza/avianflu/news/apr2012nih.html
NIH endorses recommendation to publish H5N1 studies
Robert Roos  News Editor

Apr 20, 2012 (CIDRAP News) – The US National Institutes of Health (NIH) has endorsed the recommendations of its biosecurity advisory committee to publish the full versions of two studies describing lab-modified, mammalian-transmissible H5N1 flu viruses, NIH officials announced today

The step signals an end to formal US government opposition to full publication of the two papers authored by Yoshiro Kawaoka, DVM, of the University of Wisconsin and Ron Fouchier, PhD, of Erasmus Medical Center in the Netherlands. But the Dutch government has been using export-control laws to stop Fouchier from submitting his revised manuscript to Science. Kawaoka's study is expected to be published in Nature.

In a statement today, NIH Director Francis Collins, MD, PhD, announced his endorsement of the recent recommendations by the National Science Advisory Board for Biosecurity (NSABB) that the two studies be published in full. The NSABB made the recommendations on Mar 30, reversing its December recommendation that the journals should withhold details of the studies, out of concern that malefactors or irresponsible scientists might misuse them and endanger public health.

"The HHS Secretary [Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius] and I concur with the NSABB’s recommendation that the information in the two manuscripts should be communicated fully and we have conveyed our concurrence to the journals considering publication of the manuscripts," Collins said. "This information has clear value to national and international public health preparedness efforts and must be shared with those who are poised to realize the benefits of this research.

"The Secretary’s decision takes account of relevant US law, international obligations, and a rigorous analysis of the benefits and risks of publication," he said. "The work in the Netherlands by Ron Fouchier is subject also to laws and regulations of the Netherlands, and the Dutch government is conducting its own review of Dr. Fouchier’s work. We respect that process and value the dialogue we have with Dutch authorities toward our common goals of encouraging scientific inquiry, advancing global health, and protecting the safety and security of our populations and the wider global community."

...
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

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[ not h5n1 but is this a beginning ? Interesting also that this was the site of the start of the swine flu also. ]

http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/L/LT_MEXICO_BIRD_FLU?SITE=AP&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT&CTIME=2012-07-05-15-43-10
Jul 5, 3:43 PM EDT
Mexico destroys 1 million chickens for bird flu

MEXICO CITY (AP) -- ?An outbreak of the H7N3 bird flu virus in western Mexico has infected about 2.5 million chickens and led authorities to destroy or dispose of almost a million birds.
....
Flu was confirmed in birds at 24 of the sites, and tests continued on most of the rest.
...
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

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Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Offline jofortruth

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That would be cool to post that link here.


http://z4.invisionfree.com/The_Great_Deception/index.php?showtopic=6582


WHO changed the definition of Pandemic RIGHT BEFORE H1N1 magically appeared!


The question is: Why did they change the definition of "pandemic" just prior to the H1N1 which allowed it to be raised to a Level 6? They had never used that definition before! (See more on this above)
Don't believe me. Look it up yourself!

Online TahoeBlue

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Uh oh - here we go again with the 1918 - Avian virus connection ....:

http://www.cell.com/cell-host-microbe/abstract/S1931-3128(14)00163-2
Circulating Avian Influenza Viruses Closely Related to the 1918 Virus Have Pandemic Potential

Tokiko Watanabe Gongxun Zhong
Colin A. Russell Noriko Nakajima
Masato Hatta Anthony Hanson
Ryan McBride David F. Burke
Kenta Takahashi Satoshi Fukuyama
Yuriko Tomita Eileen A. Maher
Shinji Watanabe Masaki Imai
Gabriele Neumann Hideki Hasegawa
James C. Paulson Derek J. Smith
Yoshihiro Kawaoka


Highlights

Current circulating avian flu viruses encode proteins similar to the 1918 virus
A 1918-like virus composed of avian influenza virus segments was generated
•The 1918-like virus is more pathogenic in mammals than an authentic avian flu virus
•Seven amino acid substitutions were sufficient to confer transmission in ferrets

Summary

Wild birds harbor a large gene pool of influenza A viruses that have the potential to cause influenza pandemics. Foreseeing and understanding this potential is important for effective surveillance. Our phylogenetic and geographic analyses revealed the global prevalence of

avian influenza virus genes whose proteins differ only a few amino acids from the 1918 pandemic influenza virus, suggesting that 1918-like pandemic viruses may emerge in the future.

To assess this risk, we generated and characterized a virus composed of avian influenza viral segments with high homology to the 1918 virus. This virus exhibited pathogenicity in mice and ferrets higher than that in an authentic avian influenza virus. Further, acquisition of seven amino acid substitutions in the viral polymerases and the hemagglutinin surface glycoprotein conferred respiratory droplet transmission to the 1918-like avian virus in ferrets, demonstrating that contemporary avian influenza viruses with 1918 virus-like proteins may have pandemic potential.

| - - - --

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-2655227/Bird-flu-viruses-unleash-pandemic-ferocious-one-killed-50-MILLION-people-1918-study-shows.html

Critics attack 'crazy' scientists who have created life-threatening flu virus that closely resembles 1918 strain which killed 50m
Scientists research compares 1918 flu with those found in bird populations

They find viral proteins making up the strain differ by only a few molecules

A few key mutations would allow a 1918-like virus to spread between humans
But experts say research is 'crazy' and threatens to unleash a pandemic

By Emma Innes and Richard Spillett
Published: 11:00 EST, 11 June 2014

...

A handful of key mutations could be all it takes to allow a 1918-like virus to spread freely between humans, scientists believe.

Researchers tested the ability of a reverse-engineered 1918-like virus made from components circulating in birds. This was then transmitted to ferrets, whose susceptibility to flu mimics that of humans.

‘The worst-case scenario is the emergence of a novel avian influenza virus that exhibits high pathogenicity in humans, like H5N1 (avian flu) viruses, and efficient transmissibility in humans, like seasonal influenza viruses,’ said U.S. lead scientist Professor Yoshihiro Kawaoka, from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

‘Our findings demonstrate the value of continued surveillance of avian influenza viruses and reinforce the need for improved influenza vaccines and antivirals to prepare for such a scenario.’

After critics called for his high-security research to be stopped, he defended the work, insisting it had potentially 'life-saving benefits'.

...

The transmission studies were conducted in a special high containment facility at the University of Winsconsin-Madison.

| - - - -

Earlier this year:

http://www.nature.com/news/study-revives-bird-origin-for-1918-flu-pandemic-1.14723
Study revives bird origin for 1918 flu pandemic

Model also links avian influenza strains to deadly horse flu.
Hannah Hoag
 
16 February 2014

The virus that caused the 1918 influenza pandemic probably sprang from North American domestic and wild birds, not from the mixing of human and swine viruses. A study published today in Nature reconstructs the origins of influenza A virus and traces its evolution and flow through different animal hosts over two centuries
...

Worobey and his colleagues analysed more than 80,000 gene sequences from flu viruses isolated from humans, birds, horses, pigs and bats using a model they developed to map evolutionary relationships between viruses from different host species. The branched tree that resulted showed that the genes of the deadly 1918 pandemic virus are of avian origin.

Birds blamed

Birds have been implicated in the deadly strain’s origins before. A 2005 genetic analysis of the 1918 pandemic virus pulled from a victim’s preserved tissue concluded that it most closely matched viruses of avian origin2. But a 2009 study3 found instead that the viral genes circulated in humans and swine for at least 2 to 15 years before the pandemic and combined to make the lethal virus.

Gavin Smith, an evolutionary biologist at Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School at the National University of Singapore, calls the current study “an important contribution to how we analyse data”. Smith, a co-author of the 2009 study, notes that it identified an avian relationship for two genes in the 1918 virus, but not for six genes, as the latest study has done.
...

The analysis also reveals a shared ancestor for almost all avian flu strains and an H7N7 virus that struck down horses and mules throughout North America in 1872. The panzootic outbreak began in Toronto, Canada, and quickly spread south and west. Newspapers reported “nearly deserted” streets in Washington DC and freight piling up at railroad depots and piers in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. “Transmission between horses and humans seems to have been key to some epidemics when horses were an intimate part of our lives,” says Richard Lenski, an evolutionary biologist at Michigan State University in East Lansing.

“We now have this idea that the source for a lot of influenza virus we see now worldwide is potentially equine, whereas the dogma has been for so long that its avian,” says Pybus. “It’s a fascinating study, and quite a surprise.”
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

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bump :

https://www.infowars.com/disease-x-new-strain-of-bird-flu-kills-40-of-those-who-contract-100s-dead-in-china/
?DISEASE X?: New Strain Of Bird Flu Kills 40% Of Those Who Contract, 100s Dead In China
The strain, H7N9, circulates in poultry and has killed 623 people out of 1,625 infected in China ? a mortality rate of 38.3%.
Zero Hedge - June 16, 2018

| -- -

http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=90023.msg527932#msg527932
...
Bayer Avian Influenza Summit


http://www.622design.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/09/avianinfluenza-500x375.png

SPP -   http://www4.dr-rath-foundation.org/us/north_american_union.html

August 28, 2007

U.S. under U.N. law in health emergency
Bush's SPP power grab sets stage for military to manage flu threats
The Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America summit in Canada released a plan that establishes U.N. law along with regulations by the World Trade Organization and World Health Organization as supreme over U.S. law during a pandemic and sets the stage for militarizing the management of continental health emergencies.

The "North American Plan for Avian & Pandemic Influenza" http://www.spp.gov/pdf/nap_flu07.pdf was finalized at the SPP summit last week in Montebello, Quebec.

At the same time, the U.S. Northern Command, or NORTHCOM, has created a webpage dedicated to avian flu and has been running exercises in preparation for the possible use of U.S. military forces in a continental domestic emergency involving avian flu or pandemic influenza.
http://www.defenselink.mil/news/newsarticle.aspx?id=14987
...
"unlike previous pandemic influenzas, this will be the first time in the history of humanity that we actually have an opportunity to plan in advance how we would respond to a global pandemic," said Army Lt. Col. (Dr.) Dan Bochicchio, vice chief surgeon of the National Guard Bureau.

Read article at worldnetdaily.com
http://www.worldnetdaily.com/news/article.asp?ARTICLE_ID=57369

... SPP Plan...
Canada, Mexico and the United States face a growing threat posed by the spread of avian influenza and the
potential emergence of a human influenza pandemic. The highly pathogenic H5N1 virus, which re-emerged
in Asia in late 2003, has already spread to Europe, the Middle East and Africa. While the virus has not yet
reached North America, the three countries must be prepared for the day when it—or some other highly
contagious virus—does.

That doc link is gone  - you can get it here:
The "North American Plan for Avian & Pandemic Influenza"

Zoning And Compartmentalization

In the event of an incursion of NAI virus into North American poultry, the three countries, as WTO Members,
must comply with Article 6 of the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures
(WTO SPS Agreement), including Article 6.2 which requires that WTO Members “shall, in particular,
recognize the concepts of pest- or disease-free areas and areas of low pest or disease prevalence.”

Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

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https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/jun/19/urgent-need-to-prepare-for-manmade-virus-attacks-says-us-government-report
Synthetic biology raises risk of new bioweapons, US report warns
Report warns that swift progress in our ability to manufacture viruses is making us vulnerable to biological attacks
 Ian Sample Science editor
@iansample
Tue 19 Jun 2018

The rapid rise of synthetic biology, a futuristic field of science that seeks to master the machinery of life, has raised the risk of a new generation of bioweapons, according a major US report into the state of the art.

Advances in the area mean that scientists now have the capability to recreate dangerous viruses from scratch; make harmful bacteria more deadly; and modify common microbes so that they churn out lethal toxins once they enter the body.

The three scenarios are picked out as threats of highest concern in a review of the field published on Tuesday by the US National Academy of Sciences at the request of the Department of Defense. The report was commissioned to flag up ways in which the powerful technology might be abused, and to focus minds on how best to prepare.

Michael Imperiale, chair of the report committee, and professor of microbiology and immunology at the University of Michigan, said the review used only unclassified information and so has no assessment of which groups, if any, might be pursuing novel biological weapons. ?We can?t say how likely any of these scenarios are,? he said. ?But we can talk about how feasible they are.?
...
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5