Author Topic: US to sell arms, build Nuke Plants in India  (Read 4626 times)

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Offline minscape

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US to sell arms, build Nuke Plants in India
« on: July 15, 2009, 08:56:23 pm »
The US begins arms trade with India, US contractors to build nuclear power plants in India. Cover-up Operation?,0,7893167.story

India may allow U.S. to build nuclear-power plants

    9:23 PM EDT, July 15, 2009

WASHINGTON - India may make two announcements next week paving the way for more than $20 billion in contracts for U.S. companies building nuclear-power plants and selling defense technology, said Assistant Secretary of State Robert Blake.

Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton hopes to unveil the agreements that would help American firms sell sophisticated arms and nuclear power plants to India when she visits next week.

One would be an "end-use monitoring" agreement under which the United States would have the right to make sure American arms sold to India are used for their intended purpose and that the technology does not leak to third countries. Under U.S. law, such a pact is necessary for U.S. firms to bid on India's plan to buy 126 multirole fighters, one of the largest arms deals in the world and a potential boon to Lockheed Martin Corp. and Boeing Co.

"We hope to be able to sign that," Assistant Secretary of State Robert Blake said, previewing Clinton's trip to India. She arrives in Mumbai on Friday for a two-night visit and then goes to New Delhi for Monday talks.

The visit is Clinton's first to India as secretary of state. Congress last year gave final approval to a pact opening the Indian market to U.S. nuclear power companies.

- Reuters

Offline Satyagraha

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Re: US to sell arms, build Nuke Plants in India
« Reply #1 on: July 21, 2009, 06:03:33 am »
The faded roadmap to India-Pakistan peace

Monday, 20 Jul, 2009 | 12:17 PM PST
LONDON: India and Pakistan may have begun talking to each other again but as yet there is no clear vision on where those talks might lead.

As a result many analysts are looking to a roadmap agreed in secret two years ago — and which only really came to light this year — as probably the best model around for a peace deal.

‘It's a good deal for Pakistan, for India, for the Kashmiris,’ said Bruce Riedel, who led a review of strategy in Afghanistan and Pakistan for President Barack Obama.

Negotiated by advisers to former president Pervez Musharraf and Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, the accord made an ambitious attempt to lay out a framework for peace in Kashmir, which has been divided between the two countries since independence.

While there was to be no exchange of territory, borders were to be made irrelevant by encouraging the movement of people and trade across the Line of Control which divides Kashmir.

At the same time, a joint mechanism would be set up which would allow both countries to supervise Kashmir affairs.

One source familiar with the deal said there was no evidence it would ever have worked — the exact nature of the joint mechanism, for example, was never agreed.
But the negotiating process alone functioned as an important ‘shock-absorber’ between the two nuclear-armed countries, which have fought three full-scale wars and faced many spikes in tensions, most recently after last year's attacks on Mumbai.

According to Riedel, who is now at the Brookings Institution think tank in Washington, western diplomats would like to see them getting back into the position they reached in 2007. Yet doing so is difficult for both countries.

Pakistan's civilian government would find it hard to embrace a deal negotiated by Musharraf after fighting to force the former army general out of office last year.

‘Politically it would be very difficult to accept this was Musharraf's achievement,’ said journalist and analyst Steve Coll, who was the first to write in detail about the accord.

And in India, there is little public support for peace moves after the three-day assault by gunmen on Mumbai.

‘There is a hardening of posture. Outside of Manmohan Singh, there are no doves left in this government,’ said Praveen Swami at The Hindu newspaper — though he added that a return to the principles of 2007 would be great from an Indian point of view.

India is also dubious about whether any deal with Pakistan's civilian government would be backed by the army, adding a layer of complication which did not exist with Musharraf.

Lashkar-i-Taiba comes last

So for the moment the two countries are engaged in tactical battles which focus more on form than on substance.

Though they agreed at a meeting in Egypt last week to hold further talks, India rejected Pakistan's call to hold these within the ‘composite dialogue’ — the formal peace process broken off by New Delhi after the attack on Mumbai. And despite public rhetoric about working together to fight terrorism, they are locked into an almost impossible situation.

India wants action against the Laskhar-i-Taiba, the Pakistan-based militant group blamed for Mumbai.

But realistically few believe Pakistan is about to disarm all the gunmen in the LT — whose estimated numbers run into the thousands — at a time when its army is battling the Pakistani Taliban in the tribal areas bordering Afghanistan.

‘President (Asif Ali) Zardari, the government and the Pakistan Army are very aware of the limits to how much they can take on at any one time,’ said one observer.

Without a peace deal, Pakistan would be unlikely to disarm a militant group it allegedly once nurtured to fight Indian rule in Kashmir, and whose armed cadres could still be used as a first line of defence in the event of an invasion by India.
At best it will take limited action under pressure.

‘LT is the group Pakistan wants to wind down last, not first,’ said one analyst who tracks militant groups there.

Real progress in talks between India and Pakistan would therefore require a precarious balancing act — of the kind nearly managed in 2007 — in which moves towards peace would be matched by curbs on the LT and other militant groups.

Riedel said that in any case, western governments should keep pushing for action on the LT, increasingly seen as a threat not just to India but also to the west.

But he also said India had been ‘awfully slow’ in taking up the deal offered by Musharraf in 2007 before he become embroiled in political problems that eventually forced him out of office.

‘India does not deserve a get-out-of-jail free card,’ he said. ‘They should have grasped this when the chance was there and they missed a major opportunity.’

Anger and despair in Kashmir

The Obama administration, desperate to bring stability to Afghanistan by convincing Islamabad to take action against militants on its territory, is likely to keep pushing quietly for India and Pakistan to pick up where they left off in 2007.

But even for the two countries themselves, the clock is ticking. If they cannot reach a peace deal soon, they run the risk of future wars over water as the Himalayan glaciers which supply shared rivers recede because of global warming.

Kashmir, now in a relative lull in a separatist revolt which began in 1989, could also erupt into ‘a second intifada’ which would complicate peace efforts even further.

And as for how it looks inside Kashmir?

‘On the question of expectations, there aren't many here,’ said Basharat Peer, a Kashmiri journalist who has just published a book on the impact of the conflict on ordinary people. ‘It is pure anger and a lot of despair in Kashmir nowadays.’
Copyright © 2009 - Dawn Media Group
And  the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, 
Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren,  ye have done it unto me.

Matthew 25:40

Offline Satyagraha

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Re: US to sell arms, build Nuke Plants in India
« Reply #2 on: July 21, 2009, 06:06:00 am »
India-US agreement to boost defence cooperation
Tuesday, 21 Jul, 2009 | 04:57 AM PST | 

NEW DELHI: India and the United States agreed on Monday a defence deal expected to boost US arms sales here, as New Delhi also approved sites for two US nuclear reactors, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton said.

At a joint press conference with Foreign Minister S.M. Krishna, Mrs Clinton said the two sides had agreed an ‘end-use monitoring’ arrangement that would provide safeguards for the sale of sophisticated US weaponry to India.

The agreement ‘will pave the way for greater defence cooperation’ Mrs Clinton said, while Mr Krishna said it would help the ‘procurement of US defence technology to India’. A US official said the arrangement was for a provision to be written into future defence contracts, guaranteeing sensitive equipment will be used for its intended purpose and not transferred to a third party.

It will be welcomed by Lockheed Martin Corp. and Boeing Co., which are both competing with Russian, French and Swedish companies for a massive 12-billion-dollar tender to provide 126 fighter jets to the Indian Air Force.

The press briefing came after a day of official meetings between Mrs Clinton and a series of senior Indian leaders including Mr Krishna, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and ruling Congress party president Sonia Gandhi.

Mrs Clinton was scheduled to leave for Thailand on Tuesday after her five-day India visit that focused on deepening strategic US ties with a country it sees as a key emerging player on the world stage.

During talks, Mrs Clinton said India had approved sites for the construction of two multi-billion-dollar US nuclear reactors — the fruit of a landmark civilian nuclear deal India sealed with former US president George W. Bush last year.

She did not specify the locations, but Indian press reports have suggested they would be in the states of Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh.

The Wall Street Journal, quoting people familiar with the issue, said the announcement on the sites would not necessarily lead to immediate contracts for firms like GE-Hitachi and Westinghouse Electric Co. to begin building plants.

In October last year, then-secretary of state Condoleezza Rice and her Indian counterpart Pranab Mukherjee signed a pact to open up sales of civilian nuclear technology to India for the first time in three decades.

The deal offers India access to US technology and cheap atomic energy in return for allowing UN inspections of some of its civilian nuclear facilities — but not military nuclear sites.

During her visit Mrs Clinton made it clear that President Barack Obama wants to pursue efforts begun under the Bush administration to build ties that reflect the important role India can play in fighting global climate change, promoting trade and curbing nuclear and other weapons.

‘We will work not only to maintain our good relationship, but to broaden and deepen it. To that end our governments have agreed on a strategic dialogue... which minister Krishna and I will co-chair,’ Mrs Clinton said.

The issue of climate change, and especially the burden that should be borne by developed and developing countries in reducing carbon emissions, proved a sensitive subject.

In a meeting with Mrs Clinton on Sunday, Environment Minister Jairam Ramesh sharply criticised the pressure being placed on emerging nations to accept legally binding reduction targets, and insisted that India was ‘simply in no position’ to do so.

Mrs Clinton was accompanied by her special climate envoy Todd Stern, who has been tasked with finding a common approach with India before a December summit in Copenhagen aimed at securing a new international agreement on climate change to replace the Kyoto Protocol, which expires in 2012.

India — like fellow developing heavyweight China — has refused to commit to emission cuts in the new treaty until developed nations, particularly the United States, present sufficient targets of their own.

‘We believe we can work through our differences,’ Mrs Clinton said at Monday’s briefing.During her visit, Prime Minister Singh accepted an invitation to make an official US visit in November.—AFP

Copyright © 2009 - Dawn Media Group
And  the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, 
Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren,  ye have done it unto me.

Matthew 25:40