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***THE MAIN BOARDS - Welcome to the Prison Planet Educational Forum and Library*** => PhD Investigative Reports (only for the hardcore) => Topic started by: TahoeBlue on December 15, 2014, 02:03:16 pm

Title: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 15, 2014, 02:03:16 pm
just a thought for a thread on the source of evil; in the world ....
I find it interesting that Rothschild was originally Bauer  (or Baer? like BEAR like Berne? ) which sounds very Swiss to me ...   the Rockefeller name seems very Swiss too ...   

So are Rothschild and Rockefeller just agent fronts for the Swiss?


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_zlpSTJtimo
Who's That Little Old Man? - He's very clean

https://hendersonlefthook.wordpress.com/2014/11/08/swiss-bankers-bis-the-house-of-rockefeller/
Swiss Bankers, BIS & The House Of Rockefeller
Posted on 11/08/2014 | 3 Comments
In 2011 Rudolf M. Elmer – former head of the Cayman Islands office of the prominent Swiss bank Julius Baer – announced that he has handed over to Wikileaks information on 2,000 prominent individuals and companies that he says engaged in tax evasion and other criminal activity.  Elmer described those exposed as “pillars of society”.

The utilization of Eurodollar offshore bank accounts by the super-rich costs cash-strapped governments around the world trillions of dollars in annual revenue. In 1963 the Eurodollar market was worth around $148 million.  By 1982 it was worth $2 trillion, while the US M-1 money supply stood at $442 billion.

In 1950 US corporations footed 26% of the total US tax bill.  By 1990 they were covering only 9%, contributing to massive budget deficits and the current $14 trillion US debt.  In 2009 corporate leviathans such as Bank of America, General Electric and Exxon Mobil paid no US federal taxes. Exxon’s net profit for that year was over $45 billion.  It utilized subsidiaries in the British Crown-controlled Bahamas, Bermuda and Cayman Islands to dodge the IRS.
...
BIS was established in Basel, Switzerland in 1930. It is the most powerful bank in the world, a global central bank for the Eight Families who control the private central banks of nearly every nation. The first President of BIS was Rockefeller banker Gates McGarrah- an official at Chase Manhattan and the Federal Reserve.  McGarrah is the grandfather of former CIA director Richard Helms.  The Rockefellers and Morgans- had close ties to the City of London.  Author David Icke asserts in Children of the Matrix that the Rockefellers and Morgans were just American “gofers” for the European Rothschilds.

BIS is owned by the Federal Reserve, Bank of England, Bank of Italy, Bank of Canada, Swiss National Bank, Nederlandsche Bank, Bundesbank and Bank of France.  Historian Carroll Quigley says BIS was part of a plan, “to create a world system of financial control in private hands able to dominate the political system of each country and the economy of the world as a whole…to be controlled in a feudalistic fashion by the central banks of the world acting in concert by secret agreements.”

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http://thecounterpunch.hubpages.com/hub/Mayer_Amschel_Bauer

Mayer Amschel Bauer changed his name from Bauer to Rothschild and became the founding father of International Finance
By thecounterpunch

In 1743 a goldsmith named Amschel Moses Bauer opened a coin shop in Frankfurt, Germany. He hung above his door a sign depicting a Roman eagle on a red shield. The shop became known as the Red Shield firm. The German word for 'red shield' is Rothschild.

Amschel Bauer had a son, Mayer Amschel Bauer. At a very early age Mayer showed that he possessed immense intellectual ability, and his father spent much of his time teaching him everything he could about the money lending business and in the basic dynamics of finance.

Meyer Amschel Bauer changed his name from Bauer to Rothschild (”Red Shield”) and added five golden arrows held in the eagle’s talons, signifying his five sons who operated the five banking houses of the international House of Rothschild: Frankfurt, London, Paris, Vienna, and Naples.
...

"Above the door of the family shop was a red shield in the shape of a hexagram"

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3f/Berne-coat_of_arms.svg/2000px-Berne-coat_of_arms.svg.png) (http://dealers.automobilitydistribution.com/webapp/e-cellsell/e-commerce/b2b/Common/Image/Product/OLD%20SWISS/Swiss%20Audio/SwissAudioShield.jpg)

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/9300205/Rothschild-and-Rockefeller-their-family-fortunes.html
Rothschild and Rockefeller: their family fortunes

As a Rothschild trust prepares to buy a stake in the Rockefeller empire, how have these two dynasties managed to hold on to their wealth for so long?
By Harry Mount
8:31PM BST 30 May 2012
...


That’s why, for gilded dynasty watchers, the news of a union between these über-rich clans is so delicious: Lord Rothschild’s investment trust, RIT Capital Partners, is to buy a 37 per cent stake in Rockefeller Financial Services.


The numbers involved are pretty mind-boggling. RIT has £1.9 billion in net assets; the Rockefeller company has £22 billion. As if that wasn’t enough, these companies are just minor fragments of the two family empires. RIT was only founded in 1961; the principal family bank, NM Rothschild & Sons, was set up in 1811, and is run by Lord Rothschild’s cousin, David de Rothschild.

As we will see, there are a lot of Rothschild cousins, all of them pretty deep-pocketed, and plenty of them keen on starting new ventures. It’s symptomatic of the dynasty that Nat Rothschild, Lord Rothschild’s son, didn’t join the family bank when he left university but went to Lazard, before joining an investment management company, Atticus Capital, and then setting up a vast investment vehicle, Vallar plc.
...
As for Rockefeller Financial Services, that was founded as early as 1882, when John D Rockefeller set up one of the first investment management businesses designed to run a single family’s money. So, as well as making a fortune from their principal company – Standard Oil – the Rockefellers have been making money from their money, as it were, for 130 years.

That is what makes these two dynasties so exceptional – not just their dizzying wealth, but the fact that they have held on to it for so long: and not just the loot, but also their family companies. Other banking dynasties have fallen by the wayside – SG Warburg, founded by Siegmund Warburg in 1946, was swallowed up by Swiss Bank Corporation in 1995; its asset management side, Mercury Asset Management, was taken over by Merrill Lynch in 1997.

Barings Bank, the oldest merchant bank in London, founded in 1762, collapsed in 1995, thanks to the disastrous £827 million punt taken by Nick Leeson. Lehman Brothers remained under family control until the death of Robert Lehman in 1969 – the bank’s collapse in 2008 was the spark that lit the greatest recession since the Thirties. And who now banks with the Medicis, the leading bankers in Europe in the Middle Ages, and the financial backers behind the Renaissance?

It’s true that enormous fortunes – big enough to match 19th-century Rothschild and Rockefeller figures – have been made in recent years. Mark Zuckerberg is thought to be worth more than £12 billion since Facebook went public this month, though that figure seems to diminish a little with each Wall Street trading day. But, still, it’s unlikely that the name Zuckerberg will be associated with dynastic wealth for more than a century, as the Rothschild and Rockefeller names have been.

Part of the reason is that dotcom fortunes, like Zuckerberg’s, can be founded within the four walls of a tiny Harvard dormitory. Great banking and oil ventures needed vast manpower, and vast representation across the world, to establish a foothold in the Victorian rich lists. Those deep foundations produce a lasting infrastructure, a lasting familial obligation to the business, and that lasting association in the popular mind between a particular surname and great wealth .

Also, the Rockefeller and Rothschild families were consciously dynastic from the moment their businesses began. The founder of the Rothschild empire, Mayer Amschel Rothschild, was born in Frankfurt, Germany, the Jewish descendant of a 16th-century Rothschild, Izaak, who took his name from the sign outside his house – “Zum roten Schild” (“At the sign of the red shield”).

It was Mayer Amschel who laid the foundations of today’s Rothschild power base, by sending his five sons off to different European financial hubs: Frankfurt, Vienna, Paris, Naples and London, where his third son, Nathan Mayer Rothschild, founded the eponymous bank in the City in 1811. Almost immediately, NM Rothschild became a major force in the City, bankrolling the Duke of Wellington during the Napoleonic Wars.

John D Rockefeller got going a little later. The son of a travelling salesman, he made a fortune in food supply, before turning to oil refining in Ohio. By 1868, he owned the biggest oil refinery in the world, in partnership with his brother.

Throughout Rockefeller history, the name has stamped itself deep into the popular psyche through its philanthropy. That first John D Rockefeller founded Chicago University and Rockefeller University, as well as the Rockefeller Foundation – backer of, inter alia, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and the New School in New York.

It was his son, John D Rockefeller Junior, who built New York’s Rockefeller Centre. The Gershwins were quite right in their lyrics, Manhattan’s gazillionaires did fight to get into the soaring art deco skyscraper, and it became one of the city’s biggest pieces of prime real estate: 19 buildings across 22 acres, all in the very centre of New York, between 5th and 6th Avenues and 48th and 51st Streets.

The cliché of fabulous new wealth is “rags to rags in three generations”, but each generation of the Rockefellers kept on building up the current account, while spreading the philanthropic interests. John D Rockefeller Junior gave the land for the Museum of Modern Art, stuffed the Met with medieval masonry and set up New York’s best-kept secret, the Cloisters museum, a staggering complex of five French monasteries perched on a cliff above the Hudson River.

His five sons continued the dynastic pattern – and that dynastic importance was intensified with the use of Roman numerals: JD Junior’s son was dubbed John D Rockefeller III. His brother Nelson was Gerald Ford’s vice-president; another brother, Winthrop, was Republican Governor of Arkansas. And the youngest brother, David, is still with us, at 96, now the Rockefeller patriarch and still hurling dollar bills at charitable institutions. In 2005, he gave away £64 million to the Museum of Modern Art and Rockefeller University – each.

http://www.zimbio.com/pictures/dQE2tXQUQaZ/Crossing+Gala+Event+Hosted+IWC+Schaffhausen/mE3tv6FAwvA/David+de+Rothschild
The Crossing - Gala Event Hosted by IWC Schaffhausen

(http://www4.pictures.gi.zimbio.com/Crossing+Gala+Event+Hosted+IWC+Schaffhausen+mE3tv6FAwvAl.jpg)

In This Photo: Kevin Spacey, Elle MacPherson, David de Rothschild
David de Rothschild, Elle Macpherson and Kevin Spacey attend 'The Crossing' gala event hosted by IWC Schaffhausen held at the Geneva Palaexpo on April 8, 2008 in Geneva, Switzerland.

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http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/michael-rockefeller-great-grandson-of-john-d-rockefeller-jr-news-photo/151706904
(http://www.mygen.com/images/151706904.jpg)

SWITZERLAND-UN-ROCKEFELLER
Credit: FABRICE COFFRINI / Staff
Caption: Michael Rockefeller, great-grandson of John D. Rockefeller, Jr., stand in front of a portrait of his ancestor on September 10, 2012 during the 85th anniversary of the donation by John D. Rockfeller to endow the League of Nations Library at the United Nations offices in Geneva. AFP PHOTO / FABRICE COFFRINI (Photo credit should read FABRICE COFFRINI/AFP/GettyImages)



Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 15, 2014, 03:03:10 pm
http://www.relbanks.com/europe/switzerland/rothschild-bank
Rothschild Bank AG Zurich was founded by members of the British and French Rothschild families in 1968. The Bank provides private banking and asset management services to wealthy individuals, families, trusts, and charities around the world. It offers current and fixed term deposit accounts, debit and credit cards, foreign exchange facilities, fixed-term loans, guarantees and current account overdrafts, Lombard lending and other services. The Bank’s core markets are UK, Switzerland, Germany and Asia. Rothschild Bank AG is a licenced securities dealer and an associated member of the Swiss Stock Exchange. As of March 31, 2012, the Bank had total assets of CHF 3.912 billion (US$4.3 billion), total shareholders’ equity of CHF 401.728 million and assets under management (AUM) of CHF 13.3 billion (US$14.7 billion). Rothschild Bank AG is part of Rothschild Wealth Management  Trust, a subsidiary of Rothschild Group.

(http://previews.agefotostock.com/previewimage/bajaage/637d7d4ffcd305e78eb11e016cf0d4a9/gpt-chpf0075.jpg)
Description: BOAT ON LAKE GENEVA IN FRONT OF THE CHATEAU DE ROTHSCHILD IN PREGNY, CANTON OF GENEVA, SWITZERLAND.
http://www.edmond-de-rothschild.ch/presentation/bank/ressources-humaines.aspx
(http://www.mygen.com/images/edr-logo.gif) edr logo ...

600 talented employees in Geneva, Fribourg and Lausanne
(http://www.mygen.com/images/nm_rothschild.jpg)

Our Bank is made up of close-knit teams built upon confidence at all levels. This supportive environment, conducive to personal and professional fulfilment, allows our staff to give their very best.

That we attach such importance to personalised relations with clients is no surprise, for the same bond of trust exists between our employees and the Bank.

Admittedly we demand a lot: Initiative, clear-sightedness, drive and an open mind. But in return we provide every member of our staff with a future. Continuing education, seminars and internships help to explain their professionalism.
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 15, 2014, 03:10:56 pm
 http://www.edmond-de-rothschild.com/documents/in-the-press/interview-baroness-benjamin-de-rothschild-bilan-2010.pdf
(http://www.scmp.com/sites/default/files/styles/980w/public/2013/12/01/e4661374296a869a99adb2dc52a80962.jpg)

Rothschilds = She is Switzerland’s most powerful lady banker.

Ariane de Rothschild now occupies the second-highest position in the Edmond de Rothschild Group after that of her husband, Benjamin. The Baroness , who trained as a trader and knows the ways of the world, agreed to meet the Swiss press for the first time.
...
SWITZERLAND IS BEHIND WHEN IT COMES TO FEMALE VALUES
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: poncho on December 15, 2014, 03:22:53 pm
I've often wondered about this myself.

I knew the name Rothschild means red shield for quite some time.  It's no coincidence that that is also the flag of Switzerland.

It gets a lot more interesting when you look at things historically. 

First example:  How Switzerland is always neutral.  They need a safe haven during the chaos they create.

Second example:  All the money/art/gold looted during WW2 that was stored by Nazi's in Switzerland.  It's really eye opening when you look at how all the nations on the earth, did almost nothing to force Switzerland to give all of that back.  It's really surprising when you consider that even countries like France that were hit hard and looted, didn't ask for much of anything back.  This is especially true for Concentration camp victims.

Third example:  Where do the banking institutions originate from, and also where are many headquarters located...

I've had a suspicion for a long time, that Switzerland might be home of the enemy.  (Not saying the Swiss people are enemies.)
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: EvadingGrid on December 15, 2014, 03:29:30 pm
Switzerland is one of the places the Knights Templar fled.
Switzerland escapes wars but profits from wars
Switzerland is a mini new world order babylon of French, German, Italian speakers
Switzerland has a peoples army, not an occupying army
Switzerland has the Bank Of International  Settlements, the central bank of central banks
Switzerland has the Gold

But heck, are'nt we supposed to look at The Brtish Empire (defunct), or The Jews, or The Catholics and NEVER EVER speak about the Swiss
 ;D
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 15, 2014, 03:30:10 pm
Jp Morgan Chase = Rockefeller
http://www.letemps.ch/Page/Uuid/6f01a268-18ad-11e0-9375-71d46e7e7adc/J.P._Morgan_veut_cr%C3%A9er_400_nouveaux_emplois_en_Suisse
BANQUE mercredi 05  janvier 2011
J.P. Morgan veut créer 400 nouveaux emplois en Suisse

(http://www.mygen.com/images/67610500(2)--469x239.jpg)
The US bank plans to increase its staff in Geneva, Zurich and Zug. In the city of Calvin, the number of working places in asset management to increase from 650 to 1,000 full-time positions

JP Morgan has major ambitions in Switzerland. The banking giant plans to create up to end of 2012 more than 400 new jobs at the sites of Geneva, Zurich and Zug, said Wednesday the Tages-Anzeiger. Expansion projects of the first US bank concern both wealth management business with large companies as commodity trading.
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: Jackson Holly on December 15, 2014, 03:36:26 pm


… let's not forget all the LHC god particle voodoo at CERN.


Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 15, 2014, 03:52:25 pm
http://www.christies.com/LotFinder/lot_details.aspx?intObjectID=2022213

(http://www.christies.com/lotfinderimages/d20222/d2022213r.jpg)
Price Realized   $3,031,000
Lot Description

THE ROCKEFELLER SAPPHIRE

 A MAGNIFICENT SAPPHIRE SINGLE-STONE RING
 The rectangular-cut sapphire weighing approximately 62.02 carats, flanked by cut-cornered triangular-cut diamonds, mounted in platinum
 Signed Tiffany & Co.
 With special report 0101030 from Gubelin stating that the origin of the sapphire is Burma (Myanmar) as well as extensive additional notes discussing the exceptional rarity of the stone

Provenance

Prior to 1934, Nizam of Hyderabad
 1934-1971, John D. Rockefeller, Jr. (1874-1960)
 24 November 1971, Zurich, Switzerland, sold at auction $170,000
 8 May 1980, Zurich, Switzerland, sold at auction $1,500,000
 20 February 1988, St. Moritz, Switzerland, sold at auction $2,850,000


Pre-Lot Text

THE ROCKEFELLER SAPPHIRE

 The word "Masterpiece" is normally associated with manmade creations. Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, Vincent van Gogh or Pablo Picasso are all artists whose genius have left an indelible mark on our civilization. Nature can also leave its mark, whether it be Mount Everest, the Northern Lights or the Grand Canyon, these are all phenomenon at which to marvel. In the world of gemstones there is no question that the Rockefeller Sapphire should be considered a masterpiece, the sheer scale and life of the stone being something remarkable to behold.

 The Smithsonian Institution in Washington D.C. and The Tower of London house three of the most Historic sapphire's known: the Logan (422.99 carats), the Star of Bombay (181.82 carats), and the Stuart Sapphire (approximately 104 carats), which is set in theUnited Kingdom's Imperial State Crown. Others include the Catherine the Great Sapphire (337 carats), the Raspoli Sapphire (132 carats) and the extraordinary 62.02 carat Rockefeller Sapphire. When one is asked to judge a sapphire on size, shape, color, and clarity the one by which all other gems are measured is the extraordinary 62.02 carat Rockefeller Sapphire.
...
In 1934 John D. Rockefeller, Jr. purchased the sapphire from the an Indian Maharajah rumored to have been the Nizam of Hyderabad through Raymond Yard who advised him on many of his jewelry transactions. Raymond Yard was also a close friend of Raphael Esmerian (1903-1976), the world's leading gem dealer of his time. Esmerian would appraise it on a regular basis. This was an opportunity for him to look at one of his favorite gems and to speak of the stone's perfection. In the early 1940's Esmerian was consulted by Pierre Cartier to improve the stone as it was to be remounted as a brooch for Rockefeller's wife, Abby Aldrich Rockefeller (1874-1948). Cartier recut the stone to approximately 66 carats and made a brooch with calibré-cut sapphires and diamonds.

In the 1950's Rockefeller's second wife, Martha Baird Rockefeller (1895-1971) had the brooch redesigned by Raymond Yard.

In the winter of 1971, the Rockefeller family sold the jewelry from John D. Rockefeller, Jr.'s estate in Zurich.

The sapphire was purchased by Raphael Esmerian for approximately $170,000 and then sold the following year to an Italian private client. Upon this man's death, the family consigned the stone once more for auction in the spring of 1980. This time it was bought by Ralph Esmerian, Raphael's son, for approximately $1,500,000. Ralph Esmerian has continued his father's legacy by dealing in rare gems and exquisite objects in New York. It was after this purchase that the stone was repolished to it's weight of 62.02 carats and mounted in a platinum ring. In 1986 it was sold to an American private collector who only collected stones of the highest caliber. Other gems in his collection included the Ashoka, a superb D color, Internally Flawless diamond of 41.37 carats, a 20.00 carat square-cut pink diamond and an extraordinary green diamond of 3.02 carats. In 1988, this collection was sold at auction in St Moritz. The Rockefeller sapphire fetched a world record price of $2,850,000 and was purchased again by Ralph Esmerian who sold it to its present owner.

 Throughout it's life, The Rockefeller Sapphire has only had itself surrounded by the best and in this auction it is accompanied by a spectacular document compiled by Gubelin, the world renowned Gemological Laboratory in Switzerland. This report stands as testimony to the rarity of this jewel and is a unique commentary on one of nature's masterpieces.
...

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edith_Rockefeller_McCormick
Edith Rockefeller McCormick (August 31, 1872 – August 25, 1932) was an American socialite and opera patron

She was born on August 31, 1872, the fourth daughter of Standard Oil co-founder John Davison Rockefeller and schoolteacher Laura Celestia "Cettie" Spelman (1839—1915). Her brother was John Davison Rockefeller, Jr. (1874—1960). Her three elder sisters were Elizabeth (Bessie) (1866—1906), Alice (1869—1870), and Alta (1871—1962).

...
In 1913 she travelled to Zurich to be treated for depression by Carl Gustav Jung and contributed generously to the Zürich Psychological Society.[3] In 1919 McCormick donated land she had received from her father as a wedding gift to the Forest Preserve of Cook County, to be developed as a zoological garden, later to become Chicago's Brookfield Zoo. She returned to America in 1921 after an 8 year stay.[4]

http://www.american-buddha.com/lit.aryanchristjung.10.htm
THE ARYAN CHRIST: THE SECRET LIFE OF CARL JUNG
Chapter 10: Edith Rockefeller McCormick -- The Rockefeller Psychoanalyst
 



...
Edith Rockefeller McCormick remained in Zurich until 1921.

http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/primary-resources/rockefellers-daughter/
(http://www.mygen.com/images/Zurich-hotel-chocolate-brand.jpg)
Hôtel Baur au Lac Zurich

Until the 1970s, when they became the focus of a controversial book, the family dynamics of the Rockefeller dynasty were one of America's best-kept secrets.

That's exactly how John D. Rockefeller, Sr. had always wanted it. Even in his personal letters, he avoided any intimate details or private confessions.

And yet, in all its Victorian restraint, Rockefeller's correspondence with his rebellious daughter Edith is surprisingly eloquent. Between the lines, these letters reveal the strong personalities and the sometimes strained relationships of these two very different Rockefellers.

Below is a sample of the correspondence, spanning the years 1915 to 1922:

Correspondence between John D. Rockefeller, Sr. and Edith Rockefeller McCormick

Hôtel Baur au Lac
Zurich
September 4, 1915

Dear Father:
I want to thank you for your birthday cheque which is always welcome.

My thoughts in regard to the early history of yours and Mother's lives together is only for family research. It is the link in our family history which you alone can give now to hand down to your children, as I will hand down to my children dates and events in Harold's and my early lives together. Mother used to tell us about your going to school, about how you were dressed the first time you called, about your wedding and the early days in Cheshire Street. I am sure that you understand what I mean.
;;;

http://www.historyplace.com/worldhistory/firstworldwar/index-1915.html
September 5, 1915 - Russian Czar Nicholas II takes personal command of the Russian Army, hoping to rally his faltering troops. Losses to the Czar's army from the Austro-German offensives in Galicia and Poland include over 1,400,000 casualties and 750,000 captured. Russia is also weakened economically by the loss of Poland's industrial and agricultural output. Additionally, the ongoing mass exodus of Russian troops and civilians from Poland, called the Great Retreat, spurs dangerous political and social unrest in Russia, undermining the rule of the Czar and his Imperial government.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 15, 2014, 04:32:54 pm
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2804589/Outrage-Swiss-coffee-company-uses-picture-Hitler-s-face-novelty-milk-lids.html
Outrage as Swiss coffee company uses picture of Hitler’s face on novelty milk lids
By Emily Payne for MailOnline
Published: 06:59 EST, 23 October 2014  | Updated: 07:23 EST, 23

(http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2014/10/23/1414055917695_Image_galleryImage_Pic_shows_Plastic_takeout.JPG)
...
Lids showing the faces of Hitler and Mussolini were spotted by a group Germans while having a coffee break in a cafe in the city of Coire, in the eastern Swiss region of Graubunden

...
'This is just absolutely evil and outrageous.'

The cream lids were also found at a takeaway food kiosk in Switzerland's northern Aargau region

...

Switzerland has in the past been forced to grapple with its relationship with the Nazis during World War II, including accusations that Swiss banks abetted the National Socialist regime.

But Cerf emphasised that the accidental circulation of the plastic Hitler creamers had nothing to do with the country's social mores, but rather reflected an isolated mistake
...

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iaTEHNAt5Ys
Switzerland Financed Adolf Hitler and WW2 by Swiss Industrials and Swiss Templar Nazis
(https://i.ytimg.com/vi/iaTEHNAt5Ys/mqdefault.jpg)
Hitler in Switzerland

Bilderberg 2014  Meeting - Denmark - Copenhagen

http://schweizerkrieger.wordpress.com/2013/06/14/tagebucher-von-hitlers-chefideologen-aufgetaucht/
Surfaced diaries of Hitler's chief ideologist
...
Rosenberg was a close associate of Adolf Hitler, impressed with his writings the racial theories of the Nazis and served as Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories for the murder of millions of Jews.

(http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/02586/ROSENBERG_2586343b.jpg)
Adolf Hitler and Rosenberg in Zurich in 1923   

In the book, "A Field of Red: The Communist International and the Coming of World War II" (1981, pp. 245-246) ) the authors, Anthony Cave Brown and Charles MacDonald report that in 1923, Hitler returned from Zurich "with a steamer trunk stuffed with Swiss Francs and American dollars." There were other mysterious sources of funds in Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Latvia. 


http://hitlerpages.com/pagina107.html
...
Hitler’s trip to Switzerland remains a mystery so far. It is said he went there in 1923, but exactly where he went, is unknown.
...
Hitler went to the area of Zürich on August 31, 1923 to raise money for his party. He met a club of Deutschnationalen there and, according to Brigitte Hamann, he visited the house of general Ulrich Wille and his wife Clara a day later. During the Putsch-proces Hitler denied to have ever been to Switzerland.

http://www.thechristiansolution.com/doc2014/609_BIS.html
BIS - Basel Switzerland
The Central Bank for The Central Bankers
March 2014 AD
(http://www.thechristiansolution.com/img2014/BIS_HQ.PNG)

...
Funny thing  about the end of 1929 -- it marked the beginning of the Great Depression and Germans were keenly away of what faced them in the upcoming economic troubles.  They had just been through this starting in 1919 and were not about to allow this turmoil to continue anew.

 In fact, things had gotten so bad by May 1931, that the Austrian-based default of the Creditanstalt caused a world-wide financial crisis, and Germany stopped paying reparations altogether. The following month, Herbert Hoover declared a 1 year moratorium on Germany having to pay reparations for fear of another bout of hyper -inflation.

In 1932, America elected radical socialist FDR to lead them out of the Great Depression, while Germans elected Adolph Hitler.

May 17, 1930, a day which will live in infamy, the Bank of International Settlements was inaugurated to service German reparations.  A job it performed for only a single year, at which time, this Frankenstein's monster switched to servicing Nazi gold reserves and the gold reserves of countries the Nazis conquered while amazingly,  the BIS still lives today -- stronger than ever!
 
"When David Rockefeller and Zbigniew Brzezinski founded the Trilateral Commission in 1973, the intent was to create a "New International Economic Order" (NIEO). To this end, they brought together 300 elite corporate, political and academic leaders from North America, Japan and Europe. 

Few people believed us when we wrote about their nefarious plans back then.

 Now, we look back and clearly see that they did what they said they were going to do... globalism is upon us like an 8.6 magnitude earthquake. 

The question is, "How did they do it?"

Keep in mind, they had no public mandate from any country in the world. They didn't have the raw political muscle, especially in democratic countries where voting is allowed. They didn't have global dictatorial powers. 

Indeed, how did they do it? 

The answer is the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), self-described as the "central bank for central bankers", that controls the vast global banking system with the precision of a Swiss watch."

--Global Banking, by Patrick Wood

The Bank of International Settlements (BIS) is compared to a weapon of mass destruction.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swiss_American
Notable Swiss Americans
...
Herbert Hoover (1874–1964) 31st President of the United States[12]
J. Edgar Hoover (1895–1972) first Director of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) of the United States

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lEJCmrhDh9U
Swiss Sleeper Agents in USA: Gen. Eisenhower, Pres. Herbert Hoover, J Edgar Hoover
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: Jackson Holly on December 15, 2014, 04:35:34 pm

ROTHSCHILD = HERZ = BAUER

http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=132609.msg800915#msg800915 (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=132609.msg800915#msg800915)

Did the HERZs marry into the BAUER clan and take their name for a while?
The Rothschilds were named HERZ before taking on the traditional name/logo of their business establishment. Only one man ... as far as I can trace ... called himself Bauer ... perhaps a name from a female who married into the well-known and powerful Bauer family? Does anyone else have any "peerage" info before, say, 1780s?
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: pac522 on December 15, 2014, 04:41:04 pm
Switzerland is one of the places the Knights Templar fled.
Switzerland escapes wars but profits from wars
Switzerland is a mini new world order babylon of French, German, Italian speakers
Switzerland has a peoples army, not an occupying army
Switzerland has the Bank Of International  Settlements, the central bank of central banks
Switzerland has the Gold

But heck, are'nt we supposed to look at The Brtish Empire (defunct), or The Jews, or The Catholics and NEVER EVER speak about the Swiss
 ;D

Who guards the Pope?   ;)
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 15, 2014, 04:46:31 pm
Who guards the Pope?   ;)

http://maryvictrix.com/2008/06/11/packn-heat/

(http://maryvictrix.files.wordpress.com/2008/06/swiss-guard-gun.jpg)
Vatican security forces now include an anti-bomb squad and a rapid response team, according to Domenico Giani, the head of the Holy See’s 130-man gendarmerie.

The Vatican will also work more closely with Interpol to gather information on any threats, he said.

The Swiss Guards have also been given anti-terrorism training, and now carry SIG P75 pistols and Heckler-Koch MP5 sub-machine guns, as well as their traditional halberds.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: John_Back_From_The_Club_O on December 15, 2014, 05:18:50 pm
Gerat post. 

Funny the NWO controlled Colleges / Universities NEVER discuss 'WHITE PRIVILEGE' when it comes to these characters.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: EvadingGrid on December 15, 2014, 05:37:37 pm
Who guards the Pope?   ;)

ROFL

The Pope? How many armoured divisions has he got?

   - Uncle Joe Stalin
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: Jackson Holly on December 15, 2014, 05:42:08 pm


Pontifical Swiss Guard - wikipedia

Swiss Guard at the Bronze Door
The Corps of the Pontifical Swiss Guard or Swiss Guard (Ger: Schweizergarde, Ital. Guardia Svizzera Pontificia, Lat. Pontificia Cohors Helvetica or Cohors Pedestris Helvetiorum a Sacra Custodia Pontificis) is a small force responsible for the safety of the Pope, including the security of the Apostolic Palace.

Though, like various European powers, earlier Popes recruited Swiss mercenaries as part of an army, the Pontifical Swiss Guard was founded by Pope Julius II on 22 January 1506 as the personal bodyguard of the Pope and continues to fulfil that function.[1] It is listed in the Annuario Pontificio under "Holy See", not under "State of Vatican City".[2] At the end of 2005, the Guard had 134 members. Recruitment is arranged by a special agreement between the Holy See and Switzerland. All recruits must be Catholic, unmarried males with Swiss citizenship who have completed their basic training with the Swiss Army with certificates of good conduct, be between the ages of 19 and 30,[3] and be at least 175 cm (5 ft 9 in) in height. Members are armed with small arms and the traditional halberd (also called the Swiss voulge),[4] and trained in bodyguarding tactics.[5]
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 15, 2014, 07:38:22 pm
http://www.wto.org/english/thewto_e/countries_e/switzerland_e.htm
Switzerland and the WTO

This page gathers key information on Switzerland's participation in the WTO. Switzerland has been a WTO member since 1 July 1995 and  a member of GATT since 1 August 1966.


(http://cached.imagescaler.hbpl.co.uk/resize/scaleWidth/460/offlinehbpl.hbpl.co.uk/news/OPW/8624C35E-BBA7-6640-F7DC193F29E487FE.jpg)

(http://switzerland-geneva.com/images/worldtradeorganization.jpg)
The World Trade Organisation building in Geneva
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Trade_Organization

WTO's current Director-General is Roberto Azevêdo who leads a staff of over 600 people in Geneva, Switzerland.[13] A trade facilitation agreement known as the Bali Package was reached by all members on 7 December 2013, the first comprehensive agreement in the organization's history.[14][15]

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/9/93/World_Trade_Organization_negotiations.svg/640px-World_Trade_Organization_negotiations.svg.png)

http://www.todayonline.com/business/trillion-dollar-it-trade-deal-knife-edge-wto
Trillion dollar IT trade deal on a knife-edge at the WTO
Published: 12:23 PM, December 12, 2014

GENEVA - A trillion dollar deal at the World Trade Organization to reduce tariffs in the vast information technology sector will stand or fall in the next 24 hours, trade diplomats said on Thursday.

But late on Thursday one trade official involved with the talks said a deal would be very unlikely because of a stand-off between South Korea and China, which was refusing all attempts to broker a compromise.
 
Countries representing 97 percent of global IT commerce are trying to agree on expanding the WTO's Information Technology Agreement, which would be the first global agreement on tariff cuts in more than a decade.

The accord would reduce tariffs on such products as medical equipment, GPS devices, video games consoles and next-generation semiconductors, cutting more than 200 tariff lines to zero.

...

The talks got a boost last month after a U.S.-Chinese compromise removed a long-standing block to progress - a Chinese demand for a large number of exemptions.

China was now sticking rigidly to the letter of that bilateral deal with the United States and refusing to adapt it in ways that would assuage the concerns of other WTO members, said the trade official involved in the talks, who requested anonymity.
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 15, 2014, 07:52:50 pm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Switzerland%E2%80%93European_Union_relations
Switzerland–European Union relations

The relations between Switzerland and the European Union (EU) are framed by a series of bilateral treaties whereby the Swiss Confederation has adopted various provisions of European Union law in order to participate in the Union's single market.

In February 2014, the Swiss voted in a referendum to introduce quotas for all migrants in Switzerland. Such a quota system would, if implemented, violate the agreement between Switzerland and the European Union on the free movement of persons, and require the renegotiation of the various bilateral agreements between Switzerland and the European Union if they are to remain in force.

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/2c/European_Union_Switzerland_Locator.svg/680px-European_Union_Switzerland_Locator.svg.png)

...

Proposals for EU membership

The bilateral approach has superseded Swiss enthusiasm for full membership. The popular initiative

"Yes to Europe!", calling for the opening of immediate negotiations for EU membership, was rejected in a 4 March 2001 referendum by 76.8%.

 The Swiss Federal Council, which is in favour of EU membership, had advised the population to vote against this referendum since the preconditions for the opening of negotiations had not been met.

Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: Jackson Holly on December 15, 2014, 09:15:41 pm

… the World Health Organization in Geneva. My brother-in-law just retired from the CDC in Atlanta
(he's only early 50s) and got a three-year gig with the WHO. They moved there just last week … and we have an invitation to visit them there next summer! Hopefully, we can pull that off. However, I am NO FAN of either the CDC or WHO, and we have
talked about their vaccine pushing, the mis-handling of the ebola nightmare, and their 'population control' before … he
just says, 'not my department' … he deals with breast-feeding for better health around the world … especially
2nd & 3rd world countries.

(http://i247.photobucket.com/albums/gg148/evinyl/PrisonPlanetForum/image.jpg) (http://s247.photobucket.com/user/evinyl/media/PrisonPlanetForum/image.jpg.html)

(http://i247.photobucket.com/albums/gg148/evinyl/PrisonPlanetForum/WHO-Launches-Global-Campaign-Against-Alcohol-2.jpg) (http://s247.photobucket.com/user/evinyl/media/PrisonPlanetForum/WHO-Launches-Global-Campaign-Against-Alcohol-2.jpg.html)

Establishment --- wikipedia

During the 1945 United Nations Conference on International Organization, Dr. Szeming Sze, a delegate from China, conferred with Norwegian and Brazilian delegates on creating an international health organization under the auspices of the new United Nations. After failing to get a resolution passed on the subject, Alger Hiss, the Secretary General of the conference, recommended using a declaration to establish such an organization.

Dr. Sze and other delegates lobbied and a declaration passed calling for an international conference on health.[1] The use of the word "world", rather than "international",emphasized the truly global nature of what the organization was seeking to achieve.[2] The constitution of the World Health Organization was signed by all 51 countries of the United Nations, and by 10 other countries, on 22 July 1946.[3] It thus became the first specialised agency of the United Nations to which every member subscribed.[4] Its constitution formally came into force on the first World Health Day on 7 April 1948, when it was ratified by the 26th member state.[5]

The first meeting of the World Health Assembly finished on 24 July 1948, having secured a budget of US$5 million (then GBP£1,250,000) for the 1949 year. Andrija Stampar was the Assembly's first president, and G. Brock Chisholm was appointed Director-General of WHO, having served as Executive Secretary during the planning stages.[2] Its first priorities were to control the spread of malaria, tuberculosis and sexually transmitted infections, and to improve maternal and child health, nutrition and environmental hygiene. Its first legislative act was concerning the compilation of accurate statistics on the spread and morbidity of disease.[2] The logo of the World Health Organization features the Rod of Asclepius as a symbol for healing.[6]
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 15, 2014, 10:15:59 pm
http://www.rainerlife.com/travel/boat-tour-on-lake-geneva-geneva-switzerland/

(http://www.rainerlife.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/31.jpg)

Palais Wilson – Named after Woodrow Wilson, this building is currently the headquarters of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. This building was originally a luxury hotel, Hotel National, built in 1872.
From 1919 to 1946, it was the headquarters for the League of Nations

http://www.ohchr.org/en/aboutus/pages/contactus.aspx
The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) welcomes your queries. However, we advise you to follow the guidelines set out below. Otherwise it may not be possible to respond to your queries.
Contact Us

OHCHR address:
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
Palais Wilson
52 rue des Pâquis
CH-1201 Geneva, Switzerland.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prince_Zeid_bin_Ra'ad

Prince Zeid Ra’ad Zeid Al-Hussein (born 26 January 1964 in Amman, Jordan) is the current United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. He was born to Prince Ra'ad bin Zeid head of the Royal Houses of Iraq and Syria and pretender to the Iraqi throne and his Swedish-born wife Margaretha Inga Elisabeth Lind, henceforward known as Majda Raad. Previously, he was Jordan's Permanent Representative to the United Nations. From 2007-2010 he served as Jordan's Ambassador to the United States and non-resident Ambassador to Mexico.
(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/3a/Zeid.JPG/224px-Zeid.JPG)

Prince Zeid was educated at Reed's School, Surrey before gaining a B.A. in 1987 from Johns Hopkins University, where he was an important member of the University's rugby club. He received a Ph.D. from Christ's College, Cambridge University in 1993.

Prince Zeid is Jordan’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, a post he held previously for six and a half years from 2000-2007. From 2007-2010 he was Jordan’s Ambassador to the United States of America. He also served as Jordan’s Deputy Permanent Representative at the UN, with the rank of Ambassador, from 1996-2000
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 16, 2014, 10:44:15 am
Switzerland is one of the places the Knights Templar fled.
...

Lets deal one at a time but first I would like to point out the differences between the Knight Hospitallars and the Templars .
The Hospitallars were generally landless sons of Knights while the Templars were landless sons (or bastards) of the Aristocracy / royalty... When the Templars went off to crusade it was for the purpose to rule over the new Christian "Kingdom" lands like Jerusalem. 

Once Jerusalem was taken and a aristocracy established and lands taken , new crusading knights were not excited  about the holy land ( they started crusading in other non-papal controlled lands .

Like the Northern crusades See: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northern_Crusades

Anyway after they Lost Jerusalem only the Hospitallers had much interest in the Holy land and they actually fought with each other ,,,,

1250 - Battle of Al Mansurah  (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Al_Mansurah)- Mansoura, Egypt - the Seventh Crusade, the Capetians were defeated and put to flight; between fifteen to thirty thousand of their men fell on the battlefield. Louis IX of France was captured - Among the chiefs who either fell in this battle, or were taken prisoners, were King Louis; Alphonsus, Count of Poitiers; Charles, Count of Anjou; Ralph de Cuscy; Hugh, Earl of Flanders; Hugh Brun, Earl of Marche; Robert de Vere; all the Knights Templars, except three; and all the Knights Hospitallers


So this was the beginning of the end for the Templars - they were blamed for the capture of King Louis and the loss of the Hospitallers ,,, nine years later the two groups have it out: and the Templars lost 

1259 - A pitched  battle was fought in Syria, between the Templars and Hospitallers. The Templars were defeated
About the Templars' and Hospitallers' pride and jealousy
 (http://www.monsalvat.globalfolio.net/frglorios/ricarstvo1/tampl_matthew_paris.htm)

By 1291  we really see the end with the fall of Acre:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siege_of_Acre_(1291)
The Siege of Acre (also called the Fall of Acre) took place in 1291 and resulted in the loss of the Crusader-controlled city of Acre to the Muslims.  ...  the capture of the city marked the end of further crusades to the Levant. When Acre fell, the Crusaders lost their last major stronghold of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem

The Templars of the Levant were now without any land to rule over and everyone hating them ... they needed a  stronghold to hideout .. They had oodles of boodle ... so they left for the mountains of Switzerland and bought the place.....

see http://www.slideshare.net/ZurichFiles/zurich-files-switzerland-knights-templars-and-nazis

The Hospitallars carried on and in England were given authority over all the Templar properties to manage. This went on till Henry the VIII  was messed with by the pope ...

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/SiegeOfAcre1291.jpg)

The Hospitalier Maréchal Matthieu de Clermont[1] defending the walls at the Siege of Acre, 1291, by Dominique Papety (1815–49) at Versailles.

(http://www.ghostinthemachine.net/kingdomheaven1.jpg)
Kingdom of Heaven Movie  -  In Red is a Templar - In Black is a Hospitaller

see:
http://www.whale.to/b/knights_templars_h.html
Knights Templars
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 16, 2014, 01:54:47 pm
As an example of the Hospitaller Grand Master - NOT a royal  per se but head of the order sooo.... notice the swiss crosses on the arms though - so I guess that's why you see them depicted with red garb rather than hospitaller black ... 'cause they were noble / royal? 

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_de_Villiers

Fra ' Jean de Villiers , also John Villiers , Ioannes Villiersius , John de Villers († 1294 in Cyprus ) was from 1284/85 until his death in the 22nd Grand Master of the Order of St. John .

Jean came from the prestigious De Villiers family from the neighborhood of Beauvais in Picardy .

The Order had already in 1271 the fortress of Krak des Chevaliers and 1285 Margat and then lost his headquarters in the city of Acre laid, the last Crusader stronghold in Palestine.

1291 Acre was by the troops of the Egyptian Mamluks under their Sultan al-Ashraf Khalil besieged. Jean commanded during the siege of the troops of the Order. After seven weeks of siege, the city fell on May 18, 1291. Jean was severely wounded that day, but he succeeded and some members of the Order to escape on a ship. Decimated the Teutonic Knights were in Cyprus, near Limassol down.

On his sickbed in Cyprus, he wrote to the later Grand Master William of Villaret (then Prior of St. Gilles) and described the fall of Acre.

Jean began to mount the new headquarters of the Order in Cyprus, and promoted the development of the convent's fleet. He died in 1294, his successor was Odon de Pins selected.


Notice the Chevrons:


(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/de/3/36/SMOM_22._GM_Wappen.gif)
Grand Master of Arms (Order of St. John) Jean de Villiers

| - - - -

Now look at the Grand master of the Templars:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guillaume_de_Beaujeu
Guillaume de Beaujeu, aka William of Beaujeu, was the 21st Grand Master of the Knights Templar, from 1273 until his death during the siege of Acre in 1291. He was the last Grand Master to preside in Palestine.[citation needed]

During his tenure the new Mamluk Sultan, Qalawun, easily conquered in 1289 the County of Tripoli, which had ignored Beaujeu's warnings. In 1290 Qalawun marched on Acre, the capital of the remnant of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, but died in November before launching the attack. His son Al-Ashraf Khalil, however, decided to continue the campaign. Beaujeu led the defence of the city.

At one point during the siege, he dropped his sword and walked away from the walls. His knights remonstrated. Beaujeu replied: "Je ne m'enfuis pas; je suis mort. Voici le coup." ("I'm not running away; I am dead. Here is the blow.") He raised his arm to show the mortal wound he had received - arrow had penetrated his mail under his armpit so that only the fletches were visible. Beaujeu died of his wound and the city fell to the Mamluks, signalling the end of Crusader occupation of the Holy Land.

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/44/Armoiries_Guillaume_de_Beaujeu.svg/218px-Armoiries_Guillaume_de_Beaujeu.svg.png)
Coat of arms of Guillaume de Beaujeu

His replacement:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thibaud_Gaudin
Thibaud Gaudin (1229? – April 16, 1292) was the Grand Master of the Knights Templar from August 1291 until his death in April 1292.

The history of Thibaud Gaudin within the Order is rather mysterious. Born to a noble family in the area of Chartres or Blois, France, he entered the Knights Templar well before 1260, because on that date he was taken prisoner during an attack on Tiberias. His great piety was deemed worthy of the nickname of "Gaudin Monk".

In 1279, Sir Thibaud fulfilled the function of "Commander of the Land of Jerusalem",[1] the fourth most important function in the Templar hierarchy. In 1291, he rode at the side of Guillaume de Beaujeu to defend the town of Acre, besieged by the formidable army of Mamluk Sultan Al-Ashraf Khalil. On 18 May, upon the death of Guillaume de Beaujeu, Gaudin remained in the city of Acre. The remaining knights of the order, men, women and children found shelter in the Temple, the great fort of the Templars. Pierre de Sevry, Marshal of the Order, Thibaud Gaudin, treasurer of the order, and their knights were the last to defend Acre. After trying to break in for a whole week without success, Al-Ashraf Khalil offered the marshal of the order to embark for Cyprus with all their possessions. Pierre de Sevry agreed. An Emir and 100 mameluks were permitted to enter the fort, but they began to molest some women and boys. Furious at this act, the knights slaughtered the mameluks and barricaded themselves again. That night Pierre sent the treasure of the order with its commander, Thibaud Gaudin and some non-combatants, by boat to Sidon. Acre fell the following day.

Thibaud Gaudin arrived with some knights at Sidon, where he was elected Grand Master. The Templars were determined to stand, but because they lacked numbers to properly defend the large city, they evacuated the city and moved to the Castle of the Sea. Thibaud Gaudin went to Cyprus in the hope of gathering reinforcements. To many, this was regarded as an act of cowardice. The Templars fought bravely, but once the engineers started building a causeway, they sailed away to Tortosa. July 14, 1291 emir Al-Shujâi entered the castle and ordered its destruction. The reinforcements never came. Beirut was taken on July 21, the castle of Ibelins and its walls completely destroyed. The sultan occupied Haifa on July 30, and the monasteries of Carmel destroyed. In early August, the Franks held nothing more than two fortified towns, both occupied by Templars. However, the garrisons were too weak to face a siege, so Tortosa was evacuated on August 3 and Athlit on August 14. They left for the sea fort of Ruad, two miles off the coast of Tortosa, which would remain in their hands until 1303, when the future of the order was in jeopardy.

In October 1291, a general chapter of the order met in Cyprus. This meeting confirmed the election of Thibaud Gaudin as Grand Master and named new dignitaries in the important positions within the hierarchy of the order. On that occasion, Jacques de Molay was named Marshal, to succeed Pierre de Sevry, who died at Acre. Thibaud Gaudin tried to reorganize all the Templars after the devastation of the recent battles. Moreover, it was necessary for him to defend the Kingdom of Armenia from the encircled Turkish Seldjoukides and the island of Cyprus, occupied by a multitude of refugees. Apparently the task proved daunting for Thibaud Gaudin; he died in 1292, leaving an enormous rebuilding task for his successor.

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/0/00/Armoiries_Thibaud_Gaudin.svg/218px-Armoiries_Thibaud_Gaudin.svg.png)
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 16, 2014, 03:43:35 pm
Global Wealth Pyramid according to Credit Suisse

(http://www.assetinum.com/js/kcfinder/upload/images/Credit-Suisse-Wealth-Report-2012.jpg)
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 16, 2014, 07:48:26 pm
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3K3jFnrnaUg
Children Slaves, Verdingkinder, Swiss Serial Killers, Gipsies, Eugenics and Pedophiles

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NW6liKaL3Vs
Contract Kids - Switzerland
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 28, 2014, 07:35:38 pm
Switzerland founded French Foreign Legion for Swiss Mercenaries & the King`s Killers became Police - YouTube (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zhj4NJgBs_8)

HRoss makes some digs at AJ because of the crosses on his products ,,, oh well you can't have everything ...  the information is still valid ... showing the pharaonic/masonic/royal/Templar connections to the swiss and the royals   
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: EvadingGrid on December 30, 2014, 08:50:53 am
Switzerland founded French Foreign Legion for Swiss Mercenaries & the King`s Killers became Police - YouTube (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zhj4NJgBs_8)

You'd be hard pushed to cover the history of mercenaries and exclude the swiss !

One of the big puzzles in life is how the Swiss are allowed things and the rest of the civilised world is not !

So your country is not allowed to be neutral, your sons are to be sacrificed to Mars the God of War
So your country forbids citizens to hold proper military firearms
So your govt does not subsidize the price of ammo to encourage practice, but buys up all the ammo
So your govt has an army as the ultimate big stick to collect the taxes and enforce the laws, not a peoples militia
So your govt never allows citizens to directly vote on laws, but endlessly bangs on about what a great democracy you live in.

Funny old world ain't it ?
So what is it about Switzerland that it gets special privileges ?


Sure I've generalized, its true some other countries have some of these features, but switzerland has all of them. Ireland is allowed to be neutral, but its got a tiny population and its not at the core of europe but on the periphery. Some other countries allow citizens to vote on actual laws, but only under very controlled and only at local level. A few other countries have militia armies, but they usually small and only supplement the standing army
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 30, 2014, 10:54:48 am
http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/obama-s-roots-traced-to-swiss-villager/15349746
Obama’s roots traced to Swiss villager
Jul 3, 2010 - 18:33 

A Swiss village has laid claim to Barack Obama’s roots – the latest European location to throw its name into the multicultural mix that is the United States president.

After three months of combing through town records, a Swiss archivist has traced Obama’s family tree to a villager from western Switzerland.

While the ancestor in question – Hans Gutknecht – was already confirmed by archivists to have lived in the French Alsace village of Bischwiller in 1720, experts suspected he might have originated from Switzerland. Now, his baptism record has been unearthed showing he was born in the village of Ried bei Kerzers.

A rustic German-speaking village near the capital Bern, Ried bei Kerzers is quintessentially Swiss. Set among wheat fields, its quiet streets are lined with huge, long-roofed farmhouses and pristine gardens.
...

Honorary citizen

The research and the resulting family tree have been assembled into a bound press pack, ready for a media launch by the village to present the findings on July 13. The American embassy in Bern was invited to the event but declined saying they could not officially attend as it was a private matter, says Heinz Etter, president of the village council.

“Then I wrote to the president. The council decided it wanted to make him an honorary citizen and wanted to present the document to him,” says Etter over coffee in the village’s only cafe. Needless to say, there has been no reply from Washington.
...
 The Republicans attacked his Arab name, Hussein. The Democrats also wanted to show the white voters that Obama also had white origins and that he was an American like everyone else.”

Today, the discovery of his Swiss roots will be “good news” for the Democrats, he noted. “We are coming up to the [US election] mid-terms. The Tea Party is still attacking Obama. His birth certificate is still under attack. This brings new proof that he is an American just like everyone else.”
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 30, 2014, 11:08:50 am
http://www.myswissvideo.com/various/00032
Swiss Roots: Dwight David (Ike) Eisenhower, 34st US President (ENG)

 Submitted by: INFOWARS.com

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8y06NSBBRtY


Wikipedia: Dwight D. Eisenhower (1890–1969) 34st President of the United States. The Eisenhauer (German for "iron striker") family migrated from Germany to Switzerland in the 17th century due to religious persecution, and a century later came to the United States. A misspelling in official documents changed their name, and the Eisenhower family lived in York, Pennsylvania from 1730 to the 1880s, when they moved to Kansas.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ida_Stover_Eisenhower

Ida Elizabeth Stover Eisenhower (May 1, 1862 – September 11, 1946) was the mother of U.S. President Dwight David Eisenhower (1890-1969), and university president Milton Stover Eisenhower (1899–1985) as well as Edgar N. Eisenhower (1889–1971), and Earl D. Eisenhower (1898–1968).

She was born in Mount Sidney, Virginia, the only daughter of Elizabeth Ida Judah Link and Simon P. Stover.

She was a lifelong pacifist,[4] so Dwight's decision to attend West Point saddened her. She felt that warfare was "rather wicked," but she did not overrule him


Dwight D. Eisenhower's first ancestor in America was Hans Nicholas Eisenhauer   ... of the doctrine of Menno Simons, the Swiss founder of the Mennonite movement (https://books.google.com/books?id=RCeteK7LEiYC&pg=PA9&lpg=PA9&dq=Eisenhauer++swiss&source=bl&ots=an1bGeyNVY&sig=JBxiTtIOqkd--cMgBGh_BYX48hQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=PNuiVIuMNMmpgwTkuoPABQ&ved=0CDgQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=Eisenhauer%20%20swiss&f=false)


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_UQJZOXm79I
JFK Assassination Swiss Octogon Conspiracy with FBI Hoover Huber killed John F Kennedy

Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 30, 2014, 12:34:59 pm
Interesting also shows the Masonic - pharaonic  connections

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QjzDHc29e6U
THE VIDEO HOLLYWOOD DOESN'T WANT YOU TO SEE !!!
Published on Sep 25, 2013
Illuminati Symbols in Movies, Series & Cartoons
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 30, 2014, 08:37:35 pm
http://emperors-clothes.com/articles/randy/swas2.htm
Nazis in the attic         (This is part 2

ALLEN DULLES: ARCHITECT OF THE US-NAZI NETWORK

Contemporary history records Allen Dulles as one of America's top spymasters, from his early days in the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) in World War II,
to his position as Director of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in the 1950s and early 1960s (until President John F. Kennedy fired him over the Bay of Pigs disaster in 1961), and finally to his membership on the controversial Warren Commission, which investigated President Kennedy's assassination. Until recently, his pivotal role in promoting a U.S. corporate relationship with the Nazis was little known. Loftus and Aarons describe the post-World War I role of Allen, and his brother, John Foster, in the following terms:

"We first turn to Dulles's creation of international finance networks for the benefit of the Nazis. In the beginning, moving money into the Third Reich was quite legal. Lawyers saw to that. And Allen and his brother John Foster were not just any lawyers. They were international finance specialists for the powerful Wall Street law firm of Sullivan & Cromwell. . . .

"The Dulles brothers were the ones who convinced American businessmen to avoid U.S. government regulation by investing in Germany. It began with the Versailles Treaty, in which they played no small role.

After World War I the defeated German government promised to pay war reparations to the Allies in gold, but Germany had no gold. It had to borrow the gold from Sullivan & Cromwell's clients in the United States.

Nearly 70 percent of the money that flowed into Germany during the 1930s came from investors in the United States, many of them Sullivan & Cromwell clients. . .

"Foster Dulles, as a member of the board of I.G. Farben, seems to have had little difficulty in getting along with whoever was in charge. Some of our sources insist that both Dulles brothers made substantial but indirect contributions to the Nazi party as the price of continued influence inside the new German order. . . ." (28)
...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Allen_Dulles
Allen Welsh Dulles ( April 7, 1893 – January 29, 1969) was an American diplomat and lawyer who became the first civilian Director of Central Intelligence and its longest-serving director to date. As head of the Central Intelligence Agency during the early Cold War, he oversaw Operation Ajax, the Lockheed U-2 program and the Bay of Pigs Invasion. Following the assassination of John F Kennedy, Dulles was one of the members of the Warren Commission. Between his stints of government service, Dulles was a corporate lawyer and partner at Sullivan & Cromwell. His older brother, John Foster Dulles, was the Secretary of State during the Eisenhower Administration.

(http://www.mygen.com/images/allen-w-dulles.jpg)
...
After the outbreak of the Second World War, Dulles was recruited to work at the Office of Strategic Services and moved to Bern, Switzerland, where he lived at Herrengasse 23 for the duration of World War II.

 As Swiss Director of the OSS,[1] Dulles worked on intelligence regarding German plans and activities, and established wide contacts with German émigrés, resistance figures, and anti-Nazi intelligence officers. He was assisted in intelligence-gathering activities by Gero von Schulze-Gaevernitz a German emigrant. Dulles also received valuable information from Fritz Kolbe, a German diplomat. Kolbe supplied secret documents regarding active German spies and plans regarding the Messerschmitt Me 262 jet fighter.

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/fc/Bern_Herrengasse_23-1.jpg/640px-Bern_Herrengasse_23-1.jpg)

http://www.stephenhalbrook.com/law_review_articles/sunrise.pdf
Operation Sunrise was a cooperative effort of American and Swiss intelligence services
which led to the unconditional surrender of the German Wehrmacht forces in Northern Italy and
Western Austria on May 2, 1945. General Heinrich von Vietinghoff, Commander-in-Chief of
the Southwest Command and of Army Group C, surrendered nearly a million soldiers, the
strongest remaining German force. This was the first great surrender of German forces to the
Allies, and became a strong impetus for the final Allied victory over Nazi Germany on May 8,
Victory in Europe (VE) Day. Operation Sunrise helped to nip in the bud Nazi aspirations for
guerilla resistance in an Alpine redoubt.

Sunrise, sometimes referred to as “Crossword,” has special significance today beyond the
sixtieth anniversary of the German surrender. Despite Switzerland’s formal neutrality, Swiss
intelligence agents aggressively facilitated American efforts to end the war
. Ironically, the
efforts of key U.S. intelligence agents on the ground to orchestrate the surrender were hampered
and almost scuttled by leaders in Washington to appease Joseph Stalin, who wished to delay the
surrender in the West so that Soviet forces could grab more territory in the East.

The key players in the Sunrise drama were Allen Dulles,1 head of the U.S. Office of
Strategic Services (OSS)2 stationed in Bern; Major Max Waibel3 of the Swiss Army Intelligence
branch Nachrichtensammelstelle I “Rigi”; and SS-Obergruppenführer Karl Wolff,4 head of the
German police, the Gestapo, and SD intelligence in Italy
. This study traces Operation Sunrise
from the American perspective primarily through contemporaneous OSS dispatches
...


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_Officer_Chronograph

{ But we were not a war in 1939 !!!! So what did Harry KNow? }
The Flying Officer chronograph wristwatch (1939–present), designed and manufactured in La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland by Gallet & Co., was commissioned by Senator Harry S. Truman from Missouri in 1939 for pilots and navigators of the United States Army Air Forces.

The Gallet Flying Officer Chronograph holds distinctions as the world's first time zone calculating wristwatch. It is also the second wrist-worn chronograph, preceded only by Gallet's Clamshell, to have a water resistant case.[3] The Flying Officer was initially available only to flight officers[1] and pilots of the allied forces during World War II. After the war, Gallet began to sell the Flying Officer commercially, and it remained as a popular watch for military, commercial, and civilian aviators.

Truman himself wore a Gallet Flying Officer during his terms as 33rd president of the United States (1945–1953),[4] now housed in the collection of the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum. This historic watch was also featured in "Time in Office", an exhibit held at the National Watch and Clock Museum that showcased the actual timepieces used by past American presidents dating back to George Washington.[5]

Gallet made a specific "Red Tail" edition of their Flying Officer Chronograph during WWII. The "Red Tail" was a special edition made only available to the soldiers known today as the Tuskegee Airmen. The colors on the dial were red, silver, and black to match the colors of the planes they flew in WWII. To date only one is known to be in existence
...
(http://www.mygen.com/images/Gallet_flying_officer_1939.jpg)

Flight Officer Chronograph (1939) - Commissioned by Harry S Trumans's senatorial staff for issue to pilots and flight officers of the US Army Air Forces during WWII

http://www.galletwatch.com/PDF2/4_The_Flight_Officer_Project__letter_.pdf
4_The_Flight_Officer_Project__letter_.pdf
...
2014 marks the 75th anniversary of this legendary timepiece. In honor of three quarters of a century of service in the skies, the Gallet Group is producing two special limited edition versions of this world famous
wristwatch.
...
Harry S. Truman was a devoted admirer of Gallet timepieces and,
as it turns out, it was Truman who was solely responsible for getting the Flight
Officer onto the wrists of pilots during WWII. The relatively expensive timepiece,
considered an extravagance by the war department, was regarded as a necessity by
Truman because of its extreme usefulness as an aviation timing and navigation device.
...



So it is interesting how Trumans ends up as president with the timely death of Roosevelt... and immediately disbands the OSS and gets rid of most of them , but he creates the CIA and immediately makes DULLES his man in Bern to be the head of the new internal/external global spy agency... 

Harry was also involved with the negotiations over Nazi Assets in Switzerland ...



Public Papers of the Presidents of the United States: Harry S. Truman, 1946 (https://books.google.com/books?id=JTveAwAAQBAJ&pg=PA299&lpg=PA299&dq=Harry+truman+switzerland&source=bl&ots=Ig6xcd302M&sig=YY8BNQ3bpqeR-FFb6IKxyLTljz8&hl=en&sa=X&ei=n2KjVOXOC4ycNtGFgtgC&ved=0CEsQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=Harry%20truman%20switzerland&f=false)

http://trumanlibrary.org/publicpapers/index.php?pid=1576&st=&st1=
Letter Accepting Resignation of Randolph Paul as Special Assistant for Negotiations on German Assets in Switzerland   

June 12, 1946

 [ Released June 12, 1946. Dated June 11, 1946 ]

Dear Randolph:

 I have received your letter of May twenty-eighth informing me of the successful completion of the Allied negotiations with the Swiss Government on the subject of German assets in Switzerland.  ...

{ So are we surprised that the Swissy kept the booty? ]

http://www.nytimes.com/books/97/06/22/reviews/swiss2.html
May 8, 1997
U.S. Says Swiss Reneged on Returning Nazi Loot

WASHINGTON -- In a searing historical indictment, a U.S. government report concluded on Wednesday that the Swiss government deliberately failed to respect a 1946 agreement to return hundreds of millions of dollars in assets that Nazi Germany looted from European banks and Holocaust victims and the United States stood by.

It asserts the Swiss bankers' "indifference to the needs of the victims of the Holocaust and their heirs persisted until the current international pressures came to bear" within the past year, forcing Switzerland to offer reparations that amount to only a fraction of the country's profits from the war.
...
Two famous political figures whose reputations are not enhanced by Wednesday's report are President Harry S. Truman and Fred Vinson, Treasury secretary from 1945 to 1946.

Randolph Paul, the chief negotiator with the Swiss appointed by Truman, sought permission in the spring of 1946 to threaten economic sanctions against Switzerland to force the country to agree to turn over a large portion of the Nazi assets under Swiss control.


Permission was denied [ and Paul QUIT]  , however. In fact, the Truman Cabinet instructed him to accept Switzerland's offer, and to use Swiss estimates of the amount of loot in the country's possession. American intelligence officials had extensive evidence at the time that Switzerland understated those assets by nearly 100 percent.

...

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[ the Dulles - BIS connection: ]

http://japanfocus.org/-Peter_Dale-Scott/4109
The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol. 12, Issue 16, No. 3, April 21, 2014

The Dulles Brothers, Harry Dexter White, Alger Hiss, and the Fate of the Private Pre-War International Banking System
...

An Overview of This Essay

It has long been known that Nixon, in his interrogation of White and Hiss, was being fed information by FBI agents acting with the approval of J. Edgar Hoover. This essay will argue that Nixon also received assistance from the Dulles brothers, especially in a key meeting between the three men on August 11, 1948, five days before White’s untimely and disputed death.

At stake in the meeting was the Republican campaign of 1948, the first campaign, ultimately unsuccessful, in which “the GOP dubbed the Democrats ‘the party of treason.’”4 But deeper issues were also at stake. As we shall see, Harry Dexter White, backed by Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau, had his own candidates for treasonable behavior: above all

Allen Dulles’s friend and former OSS agent, Thomas McKittrick, the American wartime president of the Bank of International Settlements in Basel, Switzerland.5

The BIS had handled Nazi looted gold when other banks had refused to do so, and at the war’s end McKittrick was “arranging deals with Nazi industrialists to guarantee their profits after the war was over.”6

In contrast, the Morgenthau-White Plan for postwar Germany called for the country to be deindustrialized and the power of the German cartels to be broken. The pre-war banking system linking American bankers to those who had backed Hitler was also to be demolished: the meeting of Allies at Bretton Woods in July 1944, organized largely by White, had passed a resolution calling for the dissolution of the BIS “at the earliest possible moment.”

A version of the Morgenthau-White Plan was approved by Truman in May 1945 as JCS (Joint Chiefs of Staff policy) 1067, which directed the U.S. forces of occupation in Germany to "...take no steps looking toward the economic rehabilitation of Germany."7

But both McKittrick and Allen Dulles had a quite antithetical vision for Germany – that its economy should indeed be rehabilitated, and eventually made the underpinning for a more united Western Europe.

Thus “Dulles and others began to campaign against…JCS 1067,” and for its replacement by what later came to be known as the Marshall Plan.8

On one level this was a conflict between powerful individuals: White in Washington (Morgenthau soon retired), versus the banker McKittrick and the lawyer Allen Dulles, both of whom returned after World War II to Wall Street. But it was also an institutional conflict between Washington and Wall Street, because each center was initially united behind conflicting visions for the future of Germany, and also for the future of the pre-war international banking system uniting Germany and America – at the heart of which was the BIS. Another way to say this is that it was a contest between the conflicting visions of the state (Washington) and the deep state (Wall Street).

In this contest, as in many others at this time, Washington lost, and Wall Street won.9

The Dulles brothers and their allies, who argued that Germany must be rebuilt as rapidly as possible as a bulwark against the Soviet Union, triumphed over Morgenthau and White. The BIS returned the looted Nazi gold, and the calls for its dissolution faded away.10
...

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http://tabletmag.com/jewish-news-and-politics/143053/hitlers-american-banker
Meet the American Banker Who Helped Hitler Loot Jewish Gold—While Spying for the OSS

Thomas McKittrick, head of the Swiss-based Bank for International Settlements, was a key go-between for the Axis and the Allies
By Adam LeBor | August 30, 2013 12:00 AM
...

As head of the BIS, headquartered in Basel, from 1940 to 1946, McKittrick played a crucial role in abetting Hitler’s war—and, at the same time, in revealing details about his Nazi colleagues to his friends in Washington, D.C. On McKittrick’s watch, the BIS willingly accepted looted Nazi gold, carried out foreign exchange deals for the Reichsbank, and recognized the Nazi invasion and annexation of conquered countries. By doing so, it also legitimized the role of the national banks in the occupied countries in appropriating Jewish-owned assets. Indeed, the BIS was so indispensable to the overall Nazi project that the vice-president of the Reichsbank, Emil Puhl—who was later tried for war crimes—once referred to the BIS as the Reichsbank’s only “foreign branch.” In the closing months of the war, as American GIs fought their way across Europe, McKittrick was arranging deals with Nazi industrialists to guarantee their profits after the Allied victory.

But McKittrick was also a key contact between the Allies and the Nazis, passing information back and forth from Washington to Berlin. His relationship with the Third Reich was encouraged both by factions within the State Department and by the leadership of the Office for Strategic Services, the predecessor of the Central Intelligence Agency. He also served as a back-channel between anti-Nazi German business interests and the United States—and ultimately served to help preserve the power of German industry after the war, over the opposition of no less a figure than Treasury Secretary Henry Morgenthau.
...

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http://www.archives.gov/research/holocaust/finding-aid/civilian/rg-84-switzerland.html

...
Switzerland, during 1941 and 1942, was drawn more even more completely into Germany's trade orbit than the other neutrals, and by 1943, Germany absorbed nearly a third of all Swiss exports- primarily manufactured items that required small amounts of raw materials, large amounts of capital, and highly skilled labor.  These included items, for which Swiss watch and machine tool industries were famous, that could not be produced at all in Germany or not in sufficient quantities to meet wartime needs.  Switzerland provided Germany with arms, ammunition, and machinery, including locomotives as well as agricultural products.  Allied bombing campaigns eventually forced Germany to move some of its arms factories to the safety of Swiss territory.

In addition, Switzerland annually exported to Germany one-half billion kilowatts of electricity, or about 40 percent of the total power supply of southern Germany, and Swiss hydroelectric power annually produced 16,000 tons of aluminum and aluminum products for Germany during the war. Moreover, the unprecedented use by Germany of the Swiss railway to transport goods to and from Italy (apart from the transit of actual materials which Switzerland banned) allowed large quantities of raw materials, foodstuffs, chemicals, and other materials to be transported to Italy and permitted Germany to mitigate some of the effects of the Allied control of the Mediterranean Sea.


...

Switzerland, more than any other European country, served as a refuge and center for Nazi financial operations.  The leading Swiss banks served as international bankers to the Germans, and as links with Germany's network of foreign holdings and interests.  Swiss francs were made available to Germany by Swiss banks' purchase of German gold.  Other foreign currencies necessary for German war efforts and trade outside Germany were also made available to Germany.   According to one historian, by the end of 1944, "it was estimated that German investments and accounts in Switzerland amounted to $600,000,000.  It was also believed that considerable amounts of German assets were represented in securities, currencies, jewels, works of art, etc., held in Swiss safety deposit boxes.  German real estate holdings in Switzerland were thought to be worth $62,500,000..." "Privately owned German accounts were reported to be in excess of 500 million Swiss francs. These," Margaret Clarke wrote, "were easy to cloak since the Secrecy Act permitted Swiss banks to hide ownership under numbered accounts." (Note 93)

Despite its assistance to the Axis, Germany and Italy often complained about the delay the Swiss took in filling their orders and the pro-Allied sentiments of the Swiss population, press and radio. The Germans were also displeased that Switzerland was a haven for spies, plotters against Hitler and the Reich, as well as a haven for Jewish and other refugees.

Switzerland was indeed a major operational center for both Allied and Axis intelligence services. During the war Switzerland was the center of intelligence battles among the Axis and Allies intelligence units.  Swiss counterintelligence arrested 387 spies, mostly Swiss, but including 100 Germans were brought to trial of whom 17 were executed.  Allen Dulles, the OSS Station Chief in Bern, from 1942 to 1945 (with OSS posts at Geneva, Zurich, Basel, and Lugano), British Intelligence operatives, and intelligence sources from many Axis and Allied countries used Switzerland as major place of operations during the war.
...
Negotiations began in early March 1946.  On the eve of these negotiations the United States estimated that up to $579 million of monetary gold had been looted in Europe by the Nazis and that Germany shipped around $400 million in gold (estimated that $289 million had been looted) to Switzerland, mostly to the Swiss National Bank, during the war. Of that $400 million, American officials estimated that some $138 million had been "washed" through Switzerland and re-exported to Portugal and Spain. But the Allies were not certain how much German and Nazi looted gold remained in Switzerland at the end of the war. Their estimates ranged from $200 million to as much as $398 million.

The Allied negotiators, in the face of Swiss intransignece and Allied interest in resuming commercial relations with Switzerland, as well as a new postwar United States emphasis on rebuilding war-torn Europe, reduced their negotiating position first to $130 million, the amount of the Allied estimate of the looted Belgian central bank gold.  In late April 1946, the Allies sought to break the stalemate with a proposal calling for Switzerland to provide $130 million in monetary gold and giving the Allies two-thirds of the revenues from the liquidation of German assets in Switzerland.  Walter Stucki, head of the Swiss delegation, responded by breaking off the negotiations.  The amount the Allies sought was the reduced to $88 million, the amount of looted Belgian gold ultimately acknowledged by the Swiss.

The negotiations resumed in early May 1946 with a two-fold Swiss proposal.  One part provided for a Swiss payment of $58.1 for the monetary gold in Switzerland.  The United States Government decided to accept this $58 million figure.  The second part of the agreement was to divide the results of the liquidation of German assets on a 50-50 basis.  United States estimates of German external assets in Switzerland ranged from $250 million to $750 million, compared to $250,000 conceded by the Swiss. No total amount of assets was agreed to, nor would the Swiss give the Allies control over the identification of the assets.

After consulting the Secretary of Treasury Vinson, Secretary of War Patterson, Senior Asistant Secretary of State Clayton, and with Senator Harley Kilgore, Randolph Paul and his negotiators decided that the United States was not willing to resort to economic sanctions to achieve better agreement. Thus, after the British and French governments agreed, the Allied-Swiss Accord was signed in Washington, D.C. on May 26, 1946 in the form of a text with a number of side notes, including a commitment by the Swiss to look "sympathetically" at assisting stateless victims through the recovery of heirless assets for their benefit.

Almost immediately after signing the Washington Accord, the United States Government began the process of unblocking frozen Swiss assets in the United States.  At the same time, serious problems arose between the Allies and Switzerland over Swiss implementation, primarily relating to a fair Reichsmark-Swiss franc rate of exchange.  Because of this problem, it was not until 1952 an agreement was reached on the terms and procedures for the liquidation of German external assets.  The Swiss, however, immediately turned over $58 million in gold to the Tripartite Gold Commission.

The Allied-Swiss agreement of August 1952 called for a lump-sum settlement of $28 million for liquidating German assets in Switzerland.  This figure was far less than that forseen in the 1946 Washington Accord.  This final lump settlement was reduced by $4.7 million that the Swiss had advanced in settlement in 1948. (Note 96)

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Can anyone tell me why this is the only photo of McKittrick I can find?

(http://www.bis.org/images/history/mckitrick.jpg)
BIS President Thomas McKittrick (1940-46)

[ this is kind of interesting: ]

Thomas H. McKittrick
Papers, 1924-1955
Mss: 78  1924-1955  M158

http://www.library.hbs.edu/hc/sfa/McKittrickThomas.htm

Historical Note:

American-born banker Thomas Harrington McKittrick (1889-1970) spent the greater part of his professional life in Europe. He is noted for serving as president of the Switzerland-based Bank for International Settlements throughout World War II.

McKittrick was born in St. Louis, the son of Thomas Harrington and Hildegarde Sterling McKittrick. He began his banking career in St. Louis after graduating from Harvard College in 1911 and attending St. Louis University School of Law. He joined the National City Bank of New York in 1916 and was assigned to assist in opening a branch of the bank in Genoa. After service with the American Expeditionary Force in Europe (1918-1919),

McKittrick spent two years in the New York office of Lee, Higginson & Company.

In 1922 he transferred to Lee, Higginson's London affiliate, Higginson & Company, becoming a partner in 1924. Higginson & Company shut down most of its operations in 1939, thus ending McKittrick's association with the firm.

Later that year he was elected president of the Bank for International Settlements in Basle. He was elected to a second term in 1942 and remained in office until 1946.

The Bank for International Settlements was established as a result of the Hague Agreements of January 1930, which addressed the problem of post-World War I reparations to be paid by Germany. The B.I.S. was founded to organize payment of those reparations. It was and is a central banking institution, owned and controlled by the central banks of a number of industrialized nations. Its primary purposes are, according to Article 3 of its original Statutes, "to promote the co-operation of central banks and to provide additional facilities for international financial operations...." Meetings of the bank's governors were suspended in September 1939, but the bank continued to operate under Swiss laws of neutrality. The officers of the bank, in addition to the American McKittrick, included men from both Allied and Axis nations

[ now read this: ]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lee,_Higginson_%26_Co.

Lee, Higginson & Co. was a prominent Boston-based investment bank during the 1840s to 1932, home of many members of Boston Brahmin establishment. The bank collapsed in the Swedish match scandal in 1932 while under the leadership of Jerome Davis Greene. Also known for financing the growth of General Motors. The lavish headquarters building of Lee, Higginson in lower Manhattan, built 1928, is now the private Léman Manhattan Preparatory School.[1]

In 1935, former Lee, Higginson bankers, William M. Blair and Francis Bonner, founded investment Blair Bonner & Company, which today is William Blair & Company.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerome_Davis_Greene

Jerome Davis Greene (1874-1959) was an America banker and a trustee to several major organizations and trusts including the Brookings Institution and the Rockefeller Foundation.
...
Greene graduated from Harvard College by 1897 and became secretary to Harvard University's president and the Harvard Corporation from 1901-1910. This gave him contacts with Wall Street which made him general manager of the Rockefeller Institute from 1910-1912. Later, Greene became an assistant to John D. Rockefeller in philanthropic work for two years, then trustee to the Rockefeller Institute, to the Rockefeller Foundation, and finally to the Rockefeller General Education Board until 1939.
...
For fifteen years (1917-1932) he worked for the Boston investment banking firm of Lee, Higginson & Co; most of those years serving as its chief executive officer, as well as with its London branch
...
Round table

He became involved with the Round Table Groups, which were semi-secret discussion and lobbying groups organized by Lionel Curtis, Philip Henry Kerr (Lord Lothian), and (Sir) William S. Marris in 1908-1911. This was done on behalf of Lord Milner, the dominant Trustee of the Rhodes Trust in the two decades 1905-1925. The original purpose of these groups was to seek to federate the English-speaking world along lines laid down by Cecil Rhodes (1853-1902) and William T. Stead (1849-1912), and the money for the organizational work came originally from the Rhodes Trust. By 1915 Round Table groups existed in seven countries, including England, South Africa, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, India, and a rather loosely organized group in the United States (George Louis Beer, Walter Lippmann, Frank Aydelotte, Whitney Shepardson, Thomas W. Lamont, Erwin D. Canham of the Christian Science Monitor, and others). The attitudes of the various groups were coordinated by frequent visits and discussions and by a well-informed and totally anonymous quarterly magazine, The Round Table Journal, whose first issue, largely written by Philip Kerr, appeared in November 1910.
,,,

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http://libertyparkusafd.org/lp/hancock/CD-ROMS/GlobalFederation/Global%20-%2064%20-%20Trading%20With%20the%20Enemy%20%E2%80%93%20the%20Nazi-American%20Money%20Plot.html

Trading With the Enemy: the [SWISS} Nazi-American Money Plot
By Charles Higham
New York: 1983

Chapter 1--A Bank for All Reasons

     On a bright May morning in 1944, while young Americans were dying on the Italian beachheads, Thomas Harrington McKittrick, American president of the Nazi-controlled Bank for International Settlements in Basle, Switzerland, arrived at his office to preside over a fourth annual meeting in time of war. This polished American gentleman sat down with his German, Japanese, Italian, British, and American executive staff to discuss such important matters as the $378 million in gold that had been sent to the Bank by the Nazi government after Pearl Harbor for use by its leaders after the war. Gold that had been looted from the national banks of Austria, Holland, Belgium, and Czechoslovakia, or melted down from the Reichsbank holdings of the teeth fillings, spectacle frames, cigarette cases and lighters, and wedding rings of the murdered Jews.


     The Bank for International Settlements was a joint creation in 1930 of the world's central banks, including the Federal Reserve Bank of New York. Its existence was inspired by Hjalmar Horace Greeley Schacht, Nazi Minister of Economics and president of the Reichsbank, part of whose early upbringing was in Brooklyn, and who had powerful Wall Street connections. He was seconded by the all-important banker Emil Puhl, who continued under the regime of Schacht's successor, Dr. Walther Funk.

...

  By 1939, the BIS had invested millions in Germany, while Kurt von Schroder and Emil Puhl deposited large sums in looted gold in the Bank. The BIS was an instrument of Hitler, but its continuing existence was approved by Great Britain even after that country went to war with Germany, and the British director Sir Otto Niemeyer, and chairman Montagu Norman, remained in office throughout the war.

    In the middle of the Czech gold controversy, Thomas Harrington McKittrick was appointed president of the Bank, with Emil Meyer of the Swiss National Bank as chairman. White-haired, pink-checked, smooth and soft-spoken, McKittrick was a perfect front man for The Fraternity, an associate of the Morgans and an able member of the Wall Street establishment.

Born in St. Louis, he went to Harvard, where he edited the Crimson, graduating as bachelor of arts in 1911. He worked his way up to become chairman of the British-American Chamber of Commerce, which numbered among its members several Nazi sympathizers. He was a director of Lee, Higginson and Co., and made substantial loans to Germany. He was fluent in German, French, and Italian. Though he spent all of his career inland, he wrote learned papers on the life and habits of seabirds. His wife, Marjorie, and his four pretty daughters, one of whom was at Vassar and a liberal enemy of the BIS, were popular on both sides of the Atlantic.

     Early in 1940, McKittrick traveled to Berlin and held a meeting at the Reichsbank with Kurt von Schroder of the BIS and the Gestapo. They discussed doing business with each other's countries if war between them should come.

     Morgenthau grew more aggravated by McKittrick and the BIS as the war in Europe continued, but did not insist he be withdrawn. He was forced to rely upon Treasury Secret Service reports rather than upon Cochran for information on the BIS's doings. He learned that in June 1940, Belgian BIS director Alexandre Galopin had intercepted $228 million in gold sent by the Belgian government to the Bank of France and had shifted it to Dakar in North Africa and thence the Reichsbank and Emil Puhl.

...

 Schmidt closed in. He asked McKittrick whether he knew what had happened to the Belgian gold deposited in the Bank of France. McKittrick replied: "I know where it is. I will tell you. But it is extremely important that word does not leak out. It is in the vaults of the Reichsbank."

Evidently he realized he had said too much: that he had let slip his own role in the transaction. He added hastily: "I'm sure it will be in Berlin when you get there. Puhl is holding it for return to the Belgians after the war." This barefaced lie scarcely impressed Schmidt. The gold was already in Switzerland.      McKittrick did not end there. He admitted that the Germans had sent gold to the BIS and said, "When the war is over you'll find it all carefully segregated and documented. Anything that's been looted can be identified. When gold was offered to us, I thought it would be better to take it and hold it rather than to refuse it and let the Germans keep it for other uses."

     McKittrick continued, "I'm so sorry I can't ask you to take a look at the books and records of the Bank. When you do see them at the end of the war, you will appreciate and approve of the role that I and the BIS have played during the war." They were, of course, never released.

     Orvis Schmidt went on to see the executives of the Swiss National Bank, which maintained its partnership in the BIS and shared the same chairman, Ernst Weber. Schmidt raised the question of the looted gold: the $378 million in gold of Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Holland, and other occupied countries, including the treasure of the Jews. He knew that by a technicality the BIS no longer siphoned the gold through directly but sent it to its associated earmarked account at the Swiss National Bank.

     The Swiss National Bank officials told Schmidt that in order to be sure they were not obtaining looted gold, they had requested a member of the Reichsbank, whom they "regarded to be trustworthy," to certify that each parcel of gold that they purchased had not been looted. Schmidt asked who that person might be. He was not surprised when the directors of the Swiss National Bank informed him that that personage was none other than Emil Puhl, who had just left ahead of his arrival.

At the Nuremberg Trials in May 1946, Walther Funk, still listed as a BIS director, testified that Puhl had American connections and had been offered a major post at Chase in New York shortly before Pearl Harbor.

Funk admitted that Puhl was in charge of gold shipments. He admitted receiving the gold reserve of the Czech National Bank and the Belgian gold, and he added, "It was very difficult to pay [in foreign exchange] in gold.... Only in Switzerland could we still do business through changing gold into foreign currency." Funk said

that Puhl had informed him in 1942 that the Gestapo had deposited gold coins, and other gold, from the concentration camps, in the Reichsbank. Puhl had been in charge of this. Jewels, monocles, spectacle frames, watches, cigarette cases, and gold dentures had flowed into the Reichsbank, supplied by Puhl from Heinrich Himmler's resources. They were melted down into gold bars; he did not add how many bars were marked for shipment to Switzerland. Each gold bar weighed 20 kilograms. An affidavit was read to Funk, signed by Puhl, confirming the facts. Puhl stated that Funk had made arrangements with Himmler to receive the gold.
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 31, 2014, 11:24:57 am
not a big fan of FDR - but when they wanted him gone - it took only 70 hours to have him buried ...

http://www.reformation.org/assassination-of-president-roosevelt.html
The Assassination Of President Roosevelt!!

On March 30, 1945, President Roosevelt arrived in Warm Springs, Georgia, for a 2-week vacation. Just 12 days later he was assassinated by poisoning. The President was only 63-years-old.

Just like the assassination of our beloved President Lincoln, the fingerprints of the British Secret Service are all over this assassination . . . and its outcome.

Dr. Ross T. McIntire was the White House physician in charge of President's Roosevelt's health. Dr. McIntire predicted that the President would be a "different man" when he returned:
...
President Roosevelt drank the poison cup at 12:40 PM, and by 3.35 PM, April 12, 1945, he was pronounced dead.

So rapidly did the funeral take place that by 11 AM, April 15, the President was laid to rest at the Roosevelt estate in Hyde Park, New York.

No more that 70 hours elapsed between the assassination and the burial of the President
...
Violating Georgia state law, no autopsy was performed on the President, as his body was rushed back to Washington City for a quick funeral service, and then burial in Hyde Park, New York.
...

Nicholas Robbins (real name Nicholas Kotzubisky) was the driver and photographer for Elizabeth Shoumatoff. Roosevelt was having his portrait painted by Russian born artist Elizabeth Shoumatoff when he took a break for lunch:

At twenty minutes to one, Arthur Prettyman, the valet, came in and set a cup of gruel, a pitcher of cream, and a glass with a green fluid beside the president. FDR grimaced and without lifting his eyes from his reading, downed the latter, a vile concoction that was supposed to increase his appetite. Daisy got up, poured cream into the gruel, and mixed it. Franklin absently took a few mouthfuls, still absorbed in his papers. (Persico, Franklin & Lucy, p. 339).

After drinking  the vile concoction, Roosevelt complained of a terrible headache.

...
From death to burial took only 70 hours!!

...

The parallels between the assassination of President Lincoln and President Roosevelt are remarkable. In both cases, a war of unprecedented destruction was ending, with the forces of evil on the retreat everywhere.

In both cases, the losers hoped to reverse the course of the war by assassinating the Commander-in-Chief and replacing him with their puppet. [Truman ] John Wilkes Booth was licensed to kill President Lincoln, and the British Secret Service had penetrated every single governmental department in Washington City.

| - - - -

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/19/books/review/Heilbrunn-t.html?_r=0

The Devious Bachelor
By JACOB HEILBRUNN
 Published: October 17, 2008

Roald Dahl is famous for his mischievous children’s stories. But as Jennet Conant reports in “The Irregulars,” he was also a British spy. Conant, who has written popular accounts of the secret development of radar and the atomic bomb, shows that Dahl, a former R.A.F. hero, parachuted himself into Washington blue-blood circles in 1942 and used his embassy post to begin spying on Britain’s closest and most important ally.
...
Dahl’s entry into Washington high-life was immeasurably smoothed by the avuncular Texas newspaper magnate and oil tycoon Charles Edward Marsh, who had moved to the capital to aid the New Deal. Marsh, who lived in a 19th-century mansion in Dupont Circle, introduced Dahl to his friends. Soon, Dahl was hobnobbing with Eleanor Roosevelt during weekends at Hyde Park, where he also met the president, allowing him to become, Conant expansively concludes, “a back-channel conduit of information” to Churchill.

In 1943 a crafty Canadian industrialist and associate of Winston Churchill, William Stephenson, tapped Dahl to join his spy network, British Security Coordination. Stephenson’s original mandate had been to help push America into World War II. After Pearl Harbor, he was assigned to keep tabs on America’s postwar plans and to counter any lingering isolationist sentiments.

Despite America’s entry into the war, a number of conservative newspapers and socialites remained rabid Roosevelt haters and loathed the British Empire. Many of them lived in Washington; according to Conant, “with the playgrounds of Europe closed to tourists, moneyed society was forced to stay home, and Washington was brimming with wealthy dowagers and their bored, unmarried daughters.” What the journalist Joseph Alsop later called the “WASP ascendancy” ruled Washington social life.

...


| - - - 

update - FLETCHER PROUTY COMMENTARY says it was the Churchill gang ... 
http://www.prouty.org/coment11.html
....
Roosevelt accepted this offer and did interview Stalin there. At the end of a long interview, he turned to the Generalissimo and asked one more question, "Why is it that my mother has never been permitted to visit Moscow even though she has made three very formal applications for the trip?"

 Stalin glared at Elliott and said, "You don't know why?"

 Elliott replied, "No!"

 Quickly, Stalin responded, "Don't you know who killed your father?"

 Roosevelt-shocked-answered, "No."

 Stalin rising from his chair, continued, "Well, I'll tell you why I have not invited her here. As soon as your father died, I asked my ambassador in Washington to go immediately to Georgia with a request to view the body." Stalin believed that if Gromyko could see the body he would confirm that the cerebral hemorrhage that had caused his death had caused extensive discoloration and distortion.

 Elliot responded that he knew nothing about that and then Stalin said, "Your mother refused to permit the lid of the coffin to be opened so that my ambassador could see the body." Adding "I sent him there three times trying to impress upon your mother that it was very important for him to view the President's body. She never accepted that. I have never forgiven her."


 This forced Elliott to ask this last question, "…but why?"

 Stalin took a few steps around the office, and almost in a rage roared, "They poisoned your father, of course, just as they have tried repeatedly to poison me."

 "They, who are they," Elliot asked


"The Churchill gang!" Stalin roared, "They poisoned your father, and they continue to try to poison me…the Churchill gang!"

Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 31, 2014, 11:53:36 am
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/9722715/MI6-secrets-threatened-as-Swiss-spy-steals-a-mountain-of-data.html
MI6 secrets threatened as Swiss spy steals a mountain of data

MI6 and the CIA have been warned that intelligence may have been compromised by an agent in Switzerland who downloaded vast quantities of data onto portable hard drives and carried it out of a secure building.

By Duncan Gardham, Investigations Correspondent
8:19PM GMT 04 Dec 2012

The senior technician became so disgruntled earlier this year that he stopped showing up for work at the NDB, the Swiss intelligence service.

But the agency only realised that something was amiss when UBS, the largest Swiss bank, expressed concern about an attempt to set up a new numbered bank account, which was traced to the technician.

Swiss investigators raided his home and seized portable storage devices containing terrabytes of classified information, running into hundreds of thousands of printed pages.

He had apparently downloaded the material from the Swiss intelligence service's servers onto portable hard drives and then carried them out of government buildings in a backpack.

Investigators believe he intended to sell the stolen data to foreign intelligence agencies or commercial buyers.
...

Swiss authorities believe that the stolen data was seized before he had an opportunity to sell it but could not be absolutely sure.

As a result they have notified foreign intelligence partners including MI6 and the CIA their information may have been compromised.

The British and Americans routinely share data on counter-terrorism and other issues with the NDB, the Federal Intelligence Service.

The suspect in the spy data theft worked for the NDB, which is part of Switzerland's Defense Ministry, for about eight years.

...
The NDB is a relatively new agency which combines the functions of predecessor agencies that conducted foreign and domestic intelligence activities.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 31, 2014, 01:26:31 pm
It's  is pretty interesting how little information is available on Emil Puhl  you have to go to the german wiki to get anything ]

http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emil_Puhl

Emil Johann Rudolf Puhl (* 28 August 1889 in Berlin ; † 30 March 1962 in Hamburg ) was a German banker . From February 1939 to the surrender in May 1945, Puhl was Vice President of the Reichsbank . He was known as "Hitler's most important state banker and foreign currency procurer" [1] during the Second World War . On April 11, 1949 Puhl was in the Wilhelmstrasse process sentenced to five years in prison
...

Emil Puhl and the "gold wash" in Switzerland

Besides his work as executive vice president and thus "secret rulers of the Reichsbank with excellent relations with Himmler, Heydrich and the SS " [14] was a focus of Puhl's work before and during the Second World War his position as the Director of the Bank for International Settlements together with Kurt Freiherr von Schröder in neutral Switzerland
. [15]

The Switzerland to become the "gold hub of Europe", after 1939 the Nazi regime in Germany and his helpers valuable services for recovery and "laundering" of dirty, because in the occupied countries looted gold made. Switzerland and the Swiss National Bank oped from approximately four-fifths of gold sales by the Reichsbank. Puhl's role was similar to that of a "dealer" of the National bankers in Bern , the German Nazi gold and brought it against hard Swiss franc traded. These currencies were of crucial importance for the German war and armaments economy as raw materials of war otherwise with German gold nor on the world market with neither Reichsmarks were to buy. [16] "A prerequisite for the continuation of the war, therefore, was the systematic theft of gold in the countries invaded, which was exchanged for foreign exchange. " [17]

Reichsbank Vice President Puhl knew how his - but also whether the good deals euphoric - Swiss colleagues on the origin of the German looted gold to deceive. He appeared to them "always as a solid and trustworthy gentleman, not a lie as capable" held. [18] Robert MW Kempner , US chief prosecutor in the Wilhelmstrasse process, remembered Puhl as a "polite, friendly, responsive , "who had summoned all his intelligence" to come out Lord a typical officials from the case " [19]

Today, it is recognized that Puhl a "key figure of the looted gold trade" [20] during the Second World War. The Independent Commission of Experts Switzerland - Second World War (ICE) went to the end of the 1990s, including the question of how the Board of the Swiss National Bank socialize (SNB) before 1945 "so close and friendly relationship with a shady character like Reichsbank Vice President Emil Puhl" could. [21] The historian realized that Puhl was "not a Nazi activist," but he "for the objectives of Nazi gold policy" was involved. "At the same time knew Puhl masterfully to shine through skepticism about the Nazi regime during his regular visits to Switzerland and also as anti-Nazi issue. Leaders of the financial and economic knew him as a competent professional and pleasant conversation partners appreciate. " [22]

...

On April 11, 1949 Puhl was due to its prominent role in the recovery of the SS looted gold sentenced to five years in prison. [28] Puhl was from before Christmas 1949 war Landsberg prison early release. As of December 22, 1949, he was reported in Hamburg.

Shortly thereafter, Puhl succeeded, thanks to its excellent international experience in the Bank for International Settlements , [29] the re-entry into the banking business. As of March 14, 1950, the former president of the Reichsbank worked as a freelance consultant in international business of the Hamburg credit bank active (for a monthly fee of 2.500, - Mark) [30] , one of the successor companies of Dresdner Bank . In August 1950, he was called Puhl to the Executive Board and from 25 September 1952 he was a member of the Executive Board of the bank until he retired on May 23, 1957. [6] In addition, Puhl belonged from 1951 to the Supervisory Board of Kühltransit- Aktiengesellschaft and was there from 1954 Vice Chairman. [31] In November 1959, the President of the Italian Republic "the member of the Central Advisory Board of Dresdner Bank AG and the Advisory Board of the Italian trade association, Emil Puhl awarded in recognition of his services to the deepening of the German -ltalienischen economic relations, the Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit Italian
...

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zOobJo6s9KA
Nuremberg Day 130 Puhl

http://avalon.law.yale.edu/imt/05-15-46.asp
...

DR. SAUTER: Now, Witness, in your affidavit under Figure 5, you say that among the articles deposited by the SS were jewelry, watches, spectacle frames, gold fillings-apparently these dental fillings-and other articles in large quantities which the SS had taken away from Jews and concentration camp victims and other persons. How do you know that?

PUHL: I know that from my interrogations at Frankfurt.

DR. SAUTER: You were told about these things during your interrogations in Frankfurt after your arrest?

PUHL: And they were shown to me.


...


http://www.archives.gov/publications/record/1998/05/nazi-gold.html
The Record - May 1998
Searching for Records Relating to Nazi Gold: Part II
 by Greg Bradsher

...

Special Finding Aids

With the help of NARA staff and others, I prepared a 300-page finding aid to the records at Archives II. This finding aid served as the appendix to the Interagency Group's report. This report and finding aid were issued on May 7, 1997, and immediately made available at the Department of State's website and sold by the US Government Printing Office. When the research widened to more countries and more subjects, and there was a great desire for an expanded finding aid to relevant records, we issued a 300-page supplemental finding aid in the fall of 1997. It was placed on the Department of State's website in November 1997. A revised and expanded finding aid, some 750 pages, was placed on the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's website in March 1998 at http://www.ushmm.org/assets/nazigold.htm.

New Records

In 1996, the Clinton administration urged agencies to transfer relevant records to the National Archives. In 1997, the Central Intelligence Agency transferred Office of Strategic Services records, as well as biographical profile documentation on Thomas McKittrick, the wartime president of the Bank for International Settlements, and Emil Puhl, the Reichsbank vice-president.

The National Security Agency, on the day before the report was released, transferred to NARA copies of Army Security Agency intercepts of communications between the Swiss legation in Washington and the Swiss Foreign Ministry in Bern, Switzerland.

Although their records are not federal records, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York sent to NARA two cubic feet of copies of pertinent materials.

During the summer of 1997, the Department of Justice transferred to NARA a major body of Office of Alien Property Trading With the Enemy Act case files. All of the records accessioned were immediately declassified, if this had not already been done, and made available and used by researchers.

Reichsbank Records

Among the most significant bodies of records uncovered have been those of the Reichsbank's Precious Metals Department. These records were greatly sought after during the spring of 1997 by two Federal agencies and other researchers because it was believed these records would document conclusively how much of the looted German gold acquired by the Allies was composed of non-monetary gold, that is gold that came from victims of Nazi persecution, including such things as gold teeth. The records, discovered on April 1, 1997, consisted of some 70 reels of microfilm contained in a small box within a recently accessioned Federal Record Center box of Treasury Department records. There was great excitement. The microfilms, which dated back to 1948 and not accessioned by NARA until November 1996, were not in the best condition. However, NARA reproduced the microfilm and made it available to researchers on April 4, 1998.

The discovery of the records was the subject of two Associated Press stories, and on May 7, 1997, when Under Secretary Eizenstat "rolled out" the Interagency Group's report at the State Department, he had one blown-up page of the records on an easel behind him. Unfortunately, the records were found too late to be used in preparing the report, but they have been used on a regular basis by research teams for the past year. Interestingly, the story does not end at this point, because in 1948 the US Army did not microfilm all of the records. Within a month of the filming, all of the original paper records, both those filmed and not filmed, were turned over to the successor bank, and they have since disappeared. Thus, during the past year there has been a search throughout Europe to locate the original records.
...


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http://www.telegraph.co.uk/finance/bank-of-england/10213988/Never-mind-the-Czech-gold-the-Nazis-stole....html
Never mind the Czech gold the Nazis stole...

The Bank for International Settlements actually financed Hitler’s war machine
By Adam Lebor
8:21PM BST 31 Jul 2013

The documents reveal a shocking story: just six months before Britain went to war with Nazi Germany, the Bank of England willingly handed over £5.6 million worth of gold to Hitler – and it belonged to another country.

The official history of the bank, written in 1950 but posted online for the first time on Tuesday, reveals how we betrayed Czechoslovakia – not just with the infamous Munich agreement of September 1938, which allowed the Nazis to annex the Sudetenland, but also in London, where Montagu Norman, the eccentric but ruthless governor of the Bank of England agreed to surrender gold owned by the National Bank of Czechoslovakia.

The Czechoslovak gold was held in London in a sub-account in the name of the Bank for International Settlements, the Basel-based bank for central banks. When the Nazis marched into Prague in March 1939 they immediately sent armed soldiers to the offices of the National Bank. The Czech directors were ordered, on pain of death, to send two transfer requests.

The first instructed the BIS to transfer 23.1 metric tons of gold from the Czechoslovak BIS account, held at the Bank of England, to the Reichsbank BIS account, also held at Threadneedle Street.

The second order instructed the Bank of England to transfer almost 27 metric tons of gold held in the National Bank of Czechoslovakia’s own name to the BIS’s gold account at the Bank of England.
...

Thanks to Norman and the BIS, Nazi Germany had just looted 23.1 tons of gold without a shot being fired. The second transfer order, for the gold held in the National Bank of Czechoslovakia’s own name, did not go through. Sir John Simon, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, had instructed banks to block all Czechoslovak assets.

The documents released by the Bank of England are revealing, both for what they show and what they omit. They are a window into a world of fearful deference to authority, the primacy of procedure over morality, a world where, for the bankers, the most important thing is to keep the channels of international finance open, no matter what the human cost. A world, in other words, not entirely different to today.

The BIS was founded in 1930, in effect by Montagu Norman and his close friend Hjalmar Schacht, the former president of the Reichsbank, known as the father of the Nazi economic miracle. Schacht even referred to the BIS as “my” bank.
The BIS is a unique hybrid: a commercial bank protected by international treaty. Its assets can never be seized, even in times of war. It pays no taxes on profits. The Czechoslovaks believed that the BIS’s legal immunities would protect them. But they were wrong.

The Bank of England’s historian argued that to refuse the transfer order would have been a breach of Britain’s treaty obligations with regard to the BIS. In fact there was a powerful counter-argument that the Nazi invasion of Czechoslovakia had rendered any such obligations null and void as the country no longer existed.

A key sentence in the Bank of England documents is found on page 1,295. It reads: “The general attitude of the Bank of England directors of the BIS during the war was governed by their anxiety to keep the BIS to play its part in the solution of post-war problems”. And here the secret history of the BIS and its strong relationship with the Bank of England becomes ever more murky.
...'
During the war the BIS proclaimed that it was neutral, a view supported by the Bank of England. In fact the BIS was so entwined with the Nazi economy that it helped keep the Third Reich in business. It carried out foreign exchange deals for the Reichsbank; it accepted looted Nazi gold; it recognised the puppet regimes installed in occupied countries, which, together with the Third Reich, soon controlled the majority of the bank’s shares.

Indeed, the BIS was so useful for the Nazis that Emil Puhl, the vice-president of the Reichsbank and BIS director, referred to the BIS as the Reichsbank’s only “foreign branch”.

The BIS’s reach and connections were vital for Germany. So much so, that all through the war, the Reichsbank continued paying interest on the monies lent by the BIS. This interest was used by the BIS to pay dividends to shareholders – which included the Bank of England. Thus, through the BIS, the Reichsbank was funding the British war economy.

After the war, five BIS directors were tried for war crimes, including Schacht. “They don’t hang bankers,” Schacht supposedly said, and he was right – he was acquitted.


Buried among the typewritten pages of the Bank of England’s history is a name of whom few have ever heard, a man for whom, like Montagu Norman, the primacy of international finance reigned over mere national considerations.

Thomas McKittrick, an American banker, was president of the BIS. When the United States entered the war in December 1941, McKittrick’s position, the history notes, “became difficult”. But McKittrick managed to keep the bank in business, thanks in part to his friend Allen Dulles, the US spymaster based in Berne. McKittrick was an asset of Dulles, known as Codename 644, and frequently passed him information that he had garnered from Emil Puhl, who was a frequent visitor to Basel and often met McKittrick.

Declassified documents in the American intelligence archives reveal an even more disturbing story. Under an intelligence operation known as the “Harvard Plan”, McKittrick was in contact with Nazi industrialists, working towards what the US documents, dated February 1945, describe as a “close cooperation between the Allied and German business world”.

Thus while Allied soldiers were fighting through Europe, McKittrick was cutting deals to keep the Germany economy strong. This was happening with what the US documents describe as “the full assistance” of the State Department.

The Bank of England history also makes disparaging reference to Harry Dexter White, an official in the Treasury Department, who was a close ally of Henry Morgenthau, the Treasury Secretary. Morgenthau and White were the BIS’s most powerful enemies and lobbied hard at Bretton Woods in July 1944, where the Allies met to plan the post-war financial system, for the BIS to be closed. White, the Bank history notes rather sneeringly, had said of the BIS: “There is an American president doing business with the Germans while our boys are fighting the Germans.”

Aided by its powerful friends, such as Montagu Norman, Allen Dulles and much of Wall Street, the BIS survived the attempts by Morgenthau and White to close it down. The bank’s allies used precisely the argument detailed on page 1,295 of the Bank of England’s history: the BIS was needed to plan the post-war European economy.

From the 1950s to the 1990s the BIS hosted much of the planning and technical preparation for the introduction of the euro. Without the BIS the euro would probably not exist. In 1994, Alexander Lamfalussy, the former BIS manager, set up the European Monetary Institute, now known as the European Central Bank.

The BIS remains very profitable. It has only about 140 customers (it refuses to say how many) but made a tax-free profit of about £900 million last year. Every other month it hosts the Global Economy Meetings, where 60 of the most powerful central bankers, including Mark Carney, Governor of the Bank of England, meet. No details of meetings are released, even though the attendees are public servants, charged with managing national economies.
...

| - - - - - -

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Montagu_Norman,_1st_Baron_Norman

...
Norman was a close friend of the German Central Bank President Hjalmar Schacht, who was a supporter of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party, and served in Hitler's government as President of the Reichsbank and Minister of Economics. As such, Schacht played a key role in implementing the policies attributed to Hitler. Norman was also so close to the Schacht family that he was godfather to one of Schacht's grandchildren.[3] Both were members of the Anglo-German Fellowship and the Bank for International Settlements.

While in the past Norman's role in the transferring of Czech gold to the Nazi regime in March 1939 was uncertain, careful investigation by historian David Blaazer into the Bank of England's internal memos has established that Norman knowingly authorized the transfer of Czech gold from Czechoslovakia's No. 2 account with the Bank of International Settlements to the No. 17 account, which Norman was aware was managed by the German Reichsbank. Within ten days the money had been transferred to other accounts. In the fall of 1939, two months after the outbreak of World War II, Norman again supported transfers of Czech gold to Hitler's Germany. On this occasion His Majesty's Government intervened to block Norman's initiative[4] He retired from the bank in 1944.

Following his retirement, he was raised to the peerage as Baron Norman, of St Clere in the County of Kent, on 13 October 1944.[5] In addition to receiving the Distinguished Service Order, Norman was sworn of the Privy Council in 1923[6] and was created a Grand Officer of the Order of the Crown.[7]

...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 01, 2015, 10:59:17 am
More about Swiss spies in WWII and Dulles in Bern:

Interesting that these people controlled the failure of Hitler assassination attempts ... hmmm....

fyi I have yet to have identified the "Swiss citizens for spying for the nazis" you'd think I could find some article or history as to who these people were, if they were  nor have I seen who the 17 "people" thaty were executed by the swiss in wwii (not in wiki) ...   


Quote
http://www.archives.gov/research/holocaust/finding-aid/civilian/rg-84-switzerland.html
...
Switzerland was indeed a major operational center for both Allied and Axis intelligence services. During the war Switzerland was the center of intelligence battles among the Axis and Allies intelligence units.  Swiss counterintelligence arrested 387 spies, mostly Swiss, but including 100 Germans were brought to trial of whom 17 were executed.  Allen Dulles, the OSS Station Chief in Bern, from 1942 to 1945 (with OSS posts at Geneva, Zurich, Basel, and Lugano), British Intelligence operatives, and intelligence sources from many Axis and Allied countries used Switzerland as major place of operations during the war

http://cryptome.org/dirty-work/cia-who-where.htm
...
Switzerland
JUBILAEUMSTRASSE 93 / 3005 Bern /  (031) 43-00-11

CIA personnel have been identified operating under cover in the Embassy in Bern, as well as in the U. S. Mission to the European Office of the United Nations in Geneva and the Consulate General in Zurich.

Switzerland is one of the CIA's most important operational centers because of the many international organizations based in Geneva. Not only does the Agency collect a great deal of information about Third World countries there, but it also has a continual program aimed at recruitment of diplomats to work for the CIA upon returning home.

In addition, the Agency makes use of liberal Swiss banking practices to provide cover for many of its ongoing international financial operations.

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http://blogs.archives.gov/TextMessage/2012/11/09/allen-dulles-and-no-23-herrengasse-bern-switzerland-1942-1945/
Allen Dulles and No. 23 Herrengasse, Bern, Switzerland, 1942-1945

by Guest Blogger on November 9, 2012
Today’s post is written by Dr. Greg Bradsher.

Seventy-years ago, on November 9, 1942, forty-nine year old Allen W. Dulles arrived in Bern, Switzerland to head up the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) operations in Switzerland.  Dulles was lucky to be in Switzerland.  His train passed from Vichy France into Switzerland only minutes before the Germans closed the border.  The Germans had taken this action the same day Allied troops landed in North Africa.

Although OSS Director William Donovan wanted Dulles to work in the OSS London Office, Dulles preferred Switzerland, the only neutral country with a common land frontier with Germany and the best point from which to observe what was going on, not only in Germany, but also in Italy and France.  Donovan agreed and Dulles was attached to the American Legation as a Special Assistant to the Minister. “My real tasks,” Dulles wrote, “however, were to gather information about the Nazi and Fascist enemy and quietly render such support and encouragement as I could to the resistance forces working against the Nazis and Fascists in the areas adjacent to Switzerland which were under the rule of Hitler or Mussolini.”

...
Herrengasse, in the picturesque, medieval section of Bern, near its cathedral, was an arcaded and cobblestoned street ran along the ridge high above the river AareIt was near where he had lived and worked twenty-four years before in the last months of World War I.   “Between my apartment and the river below,” Dulles would later write, “grew vineyards which afforded an ideal covered approach for visitors who did not wish to be seen entering my front door on the Herrengasse. From the terrace above I had an inspiring view of the whole stretch of the Bernese Alps.” The house at 23 Herrengasse was the last house of a row of adjoining townhouses built in the fourteenth century by the Bernese city government to house dignitaries. The street itself ended there in a cul-de-sac, and the land fell sharply away beyond a low wall down to the vineyard terraces that slopped down to the Aare, which made a horseshoe bend around the ancient city walls. 

...


During World War II Dulles conducted much of his intelligence-gathering business at his home.  Because of the constant stream of visitors there was no real secret about Dulles being an intelligence operative or his home was being used for intelligence work.  A circumspect concern for Swiss sensibilities dictated however that he at least seek a headquarters that could claim diplomatic immunity so he established an office at No. 24 Duforstrasse with Gerald Mayer, whose Office of War Information propaganda operation had taken office space on the first floor of the building.

The general knowledge that Dulles was America’s spymaster in Switzerland resulted in him being constantly bombarded by visitors, including refugees, exiles, spies, secret-service agents, diplomats of countries which were either neutral or German satellites, German officials working in Switzerland, and Anti-Nazis.  Many such visitors were legitimate.  But many were not.  According to Hans Bernd Gisevius, Abwehr chief in Switzerland, serving under the cover as Vice-Consul in the German Consulate General in Zurich, who worked with him, Dulles was particularly troubled by the flourishing guild of professional spies, the traders in espionage materials, who would visit German agents in the morning, the British secret service in the afternoon, and the Dulles office on the Herrengasse in the evening, offering to each their carefully prepared and sensational reports.  Dulles listened to most of those who came.  He must have thought back to the time when he had passed up an opportunity to meet with Lenin during his World War I diplomatic service in Bern.

In the summer of 1945 Dulles left his residence at No. 23 Herrengasse, where he had acquired a vast amount of useful intelligence for the Allies during the war, and would take up a position as head of the OSS in Germany. In 1953 he would become Director of Central Intelligence, i.e., head of the Central Intelligence Agency, serving in that position until 1961.
...

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hans_Bernd_Gisevius

Hans Bernd Gisevius (July 14, 1904 – February 23, 1974) was a German diplomat and intelligence officer during World War II. A strong (but covert) opponent of the Nazi regime, he served as a liaison in Zürich between Allen Dulles, station chief for the American OSS and the German Resistance forces in Germany.[1]
...

When World War II started, Gisevius joined the German intelligence service, the Abwehr, which was headed by Admiral Wilhelm Canaris, who was an opponent of Hitler. Canaris had surrounded himself with Wehrmacht officers opposed to Hitler and he welcomed Gisevius into this group. Working from the consulate in Zurich, Hans Gisevius was involved in secret talks with the Vatican. Canaris arranged for appointment of Gisevius as Vice Consul in Switzerland, where Gisevius met with Allen Dulles in 1943 and agreed to serve as a liaison for the German opposition to Hitler, an assembly which counted among its members General Ludwig Beck, Abwehr Chief Canaris, and Mayor Carl Goerdeler of Leipzig.[4] Several members of the conspiratorial circle against Hitler including Gisevius, "all kept homes within easy walking distance of each other."[5]

According to Gisevius, the original plot to kill Hitler earlier (namely, before the acquiescence of Great Britain over the Sudetenland) was literally derailed by Neville Chamberlain whose actions he claims "saved Hitler."[6]

Upon returning to Germany, he was investigated by the Gestapo, but released. In 1944, after the failed July 20th assassination attempt against Hitler, Gisevius first hid at the home of his future wife, the Swiss national Gerda Woog, and fled to Switzerland in 1945, making him one of the few conspirators to survive the war. There, he contacted the Swiss authorities.

Peter Hoffmann's biography of Hitler assassination conspirator Claus Graf von Stauffenberg ("Stauffenberg, A Family History," 1992) indicates that after the failure of Stauffenberg's bomb plot in July 1944, Gisevius went into hiding until January 23, 1945, when he escaped to Switzerland by using a passport that had belonged to Carl Deichmann, a brother-in-law of German Count Helmuth James von Moltke, who was a specialist in international law serving in the legal branch of the Foreign Countries Group of the OKW (Oberkommando der Wehrmacht, "Supreme Command of the Armed Forces").

Through the help of the American Allen Dulles in Berne, Switzerland and of the German Legation (in Berne)'s Georg Federer, the passport was modified and a visa obtained for Gisevius that enabled him to escape to Spain.

Post World War II

Gisevius served as a key witness for the prosecution at the Nuremberg Trials in the case against Hermann Göring, his former boss in the Prussian Ministry of the Interior ...
...

| - - - -

reference:

https://www.fas.org/irp/agency/army/cic-wwii.pdf
Counter Intelligence Corps History and Mission in World War II

Purpose and Scope. The material in this manual is designed to furnish information on the historical development of the Counter Intelligence Corps. It covers the period from 1917 to 1945, with special emphasis on the war years. An attempt has been made, from the documents available, to describe the history and mission of the Counter Intelligence Corps in the various theaters of operations.

http://lists101.his.com/pipermail/intelforum/2004-December/007912.html
Swiss Intelligence and Allen Dulles
...
With modest means a reliable Intelligence Service was set up shortly before WWII started. At first, Swiss Intelligence had an  annual budget allowance of less than $15,000! This motivated Roger Masson, the head of the Intelligence Service since 1936, to associate private intelligence organizations like Bureau Ha,
named after a Swiss citizen by the name of Hans Hausamann who had extraordinary connections and became a valuable contact and with time a close personal friend of Allen Dulles.

Bureau Ha, for example, had channels leading directly into Hitler's headquarters and knew orders often before they even reached the German commanders. One of Hausamann's most important agents was Rudolf Roessler aka Lucy, who also worked for the Soviet spy ring of Alexander Rado.

Dulles and Hausamann met regularly, normally once a week, in Zurich and exchanged information of mutual interest. Therefore, the OSS had no interest in persuading the Swiss in any way to curtail their own Intelligence Service.

The constantly changing international political-military and strategic situation forced Switzerland to expand their own intelligence gathering but also to set up an efficient Counter-Intelligence Service. Swiss Counter-Intelligence was hyper-alert and effective---so much so, that with time Admiral Canaris, head of the German
Abwehr, decided to stop sending spies to Switzerland because they were all captured rather quickly
and an increasing number were executed by firing squad. For the Axis powers as for the Allies, neutral Switzerland was both interesting as a place to fight against the enemy and for establishing contact with the other side. Allen Dulles, e.g., established close contact with Hans Bernd Gisevius who under diplomatic cover of a German vice-consul in Zurich, was an agent of the Abwehr.
...

https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/Vol49no2/bookshelf_11.htm

...
Pierre Th. Braunschweig. Secret Channel To Berlin: The Masson-Schellenberg Connection and Swiss Intelligence in World War II. Havertown, PA: Casement Publishers, 2004. 521 pages, endnotes, bibliography, photos, index.

In his foreword to Secret Channel To Berlin, Joseph P. Hayes, the first director of the CIA’s Center for the Study of Intelligence, points out that the book is “impressively relevant to many of the most significant issues in Intelligence today.” These include the character of sources recruited and the validation of information collected. Author Pierre Braunschweig echoes this theme in the first sentence of his Preface by quoting former Director of Central Intelligence John McCone: “Every war of this century, including World War II, has started because of inadequate intelligence” (xv). These problems have not yet been solved in the 21st century, but it may be hoped that the new generation of intelligence officers will benefit from the historical lessons revealed in this book.[10]

Secret Channel tells the story of the Masson Affair, the controversial clandestine relationship between two World War II intelligence officers, SS Brigadier General Walter Schellenberg, head of the Nazi Reich Security Central Office (RHSA), and Colonel-Brigadier Roger Masson, head of Swiss military intelligence.

As Masson explained in an unauthorized interview with the London Daily Telegraph after the war, he had met multiple times with Schellenberg to prevent a German invasion and annexation of Switzerland, an operation he said had been authorized by Hitler in 1943. That Masson had met with a subordinate of SS Chief Heinrich Himmler for any reason, even to gain crucial intelligence, did not sit well with many in the Swiss government after the war. Masson’s claim—that Schellenberg opposed Hitler’s order and ultimately convinced him that since Switzerland would fight if invaded but would remain neutral if left alone—was more than many could accept.

The alternative view was that Schellenberg considered the war lost even at that relatively early date and was appearing cooperative while seeking favorable treatment for himself in a country where he might seek refuge when hostilities ended. Sorting all this out after the war involved investigations and harsh criticism of Masson. He did not help matters when he attempted to assist his former contacts—Schellenberg and his deputy—when they were arrested after the war. The idea of “good Nazis” was too much to accept; Masson was forced to resign.

Braunschweig’s post-war investigation of the affair indicates there was more to Masson’s secret channel to Schellenberg than initially became public.

The contacts went on for years, included reciprocal trips to Germany and Switzerland, and were concerned with more than preventing a German invasion of Switzerland. In one instance, the author tells how Allen Dulles, the OSS chief in Bern during the war, learned from a “first rate source”[11] that Masson and other Swiss military intelligence officials were meeting with high-level SS officers in Switzerland (201).

Furthermore, said Dulles’s source, Schellenberg had been critical of the results in his subsequent report to Berlin. Dulles mentioned this to Hans Hausamann, the head of Bureau Ha, a private Swiss intelligence service with links to Masson and other Swiss government officials. When Masson learned the details, he did not “believe for one moment” that Schellenberg had spoken negatively (204). He informed the German minister to Switzerland of the charge and followed up by sending an emissary to Berlin to discuss the matter. In his response, Schellenberg denied making the comments and Braunschweig suggests that the rumors that reached Dulles “might have been part of a plot by the German Abwehr” against the RSHA. Whatever the reality, the events were one of several actions that raised questions about Masson’s judgment and involvement in politics that irritated Swiss politicians. Masson was subsequently banned from travel to Germany.


Similarly, Dulles could not have been pleased that Masson’s mention of the charges to Schellenberg put his source at risk. He would later find other reasons to criticize Masson—his attempts to place Schellenberg in contact with the Allies, for example. In one cable to OSS headquarters, Dulles noted that Swiss intelligence, “again inquired whether I had any interest in making contact with Schellenberg . . .” to discuss the “time-worn idea of opening [the] western front but holding [the] east front. I told Masson [the] west front was already opened up without Schellenberg’s help” (251). Dulles later told Bureau Ha that “there is written evidence from Berlin that . . . Masson has been supplying Berlin with information that is very damaging to the Allies” (262).

After the war, Masson claimed that Schellenberg had performed “services” for Switzerland that justified their continued wartime contacts (248). Braunschweig analyzes these claims and the reciprocal services rendered by Masson to Schellenberg and the Nazis. He also looks at Schellenberg’s real objectives based on evidence developed after the war. His overall assessment is that Masson received less than he gave up and Schellenberg’s so-called contributions to the Swiss were not well substantiated.

The details are complex but thoroughly documented—nearly half the book is devoted to the annotated endnotes, many added or expanded for the English edition. But Masson never changed his view that establishing the contacts was the right thing to do, although he did allow that he might have been deceived somewhat from time to time about Schellenberg’s motives. In the end, Secret Channel gives us an unusual glimpse into Swiss intelligence while documenting what must be the poster-boy case for an officer falling in love with his agent and for what happens when intelligence gets too close to policy.


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http://archive.adl.org/braun/dim_14_1_neutrality_europe.html#.VKWFH7nTmHs
Co-Opting Nazi Germany: Neutrality in Europe During World War II
By Jonathan Petropoulos

It is time for Switzerland, Sweden, Portugal and Spain to acknowledge that there were no truly neutral countries on the European continent during World War II.
It is now time for those four nations to acknowledge that they were part of the Nazis' New Order and that they bear some responsibility for the tragic history of the Thirties and Forties.

...
It must be stressed that in Switzerland -- and in the other neutral continental countries -- there were many who opposed the Third Reich and acted in a humane -- even self-sacrificing -- manner. As noted above, the Swiss did provide sanctuary for some individuals fleeing the Nazis. The Swiss authorities intervened on occasion to prevent business dealings which they knew or suspected to be unlawful. Göring's art dealer, Walter Andreas Hofer, for example, was denied an entry visa in May 1944 (the grounds were not specified -- only that "entrance cannot be granted in view of the present circumstances"33). The Swiss were also determined to thwart spying by Nazi Germany: 17 citizens were executed for passing military secrets to the Reich.34 However, Switzerland served as a Continental base for Allied businessmen and spies. Moreover, Allen Dulles and his colleagues in the Office of Strategic Services could not have operated as effectively as they did in Switzerland without the support of many Swiss nationals. Colonel Max Waibel, for example, helped Dulles innumerable times -- for instance, during the negotiations concerning the German surrender in Italy.35

 It seems clear that even now, many Swiss cannot, in effect, acknowledge the disquieting aspects of their nation's wartime behavior. Consider the recent statement by the Swiss envoy Thomas Borer in December 1996 to the U.S. Congressional Committee on Banking and Financial Services: "The Swiss have a reputation for being no-nonsense people, attached to values of hard work and exacting precision. There lies in our national character a strong preference for realism over fantasy, for compromise rather than ideology. Having said that, however, there has never been any lack of idealism in the land of the Red Cross, the Geneva Conventions, and of the European headquarters of the United Nations. They serve as an acknowledgment of the tolerance and understanding that have long been part of the fabric of Swiss society. Among many other such examples stands the fact that almost a century ago Theodor Herzl convened the first Zionist Congress on Swiss territory, in the city of Basel."36 Implicit in this assertion is the suggestion that Switzerland could not, would not, have acted less than admirably during the war. Another description of Switzerland's sense of its own national identity was provided by the New York Times journalist Roger Cohen: "The neutral state stood in the middle between the globe's conflicting forces. It connoted a certain decency, cold and formal perhaps, but incompatible with the concealment of Nazi plunder or other skullduggery."37 And still another journalist has described Switzerland's conception of itself: "a proud neutral country -- founder of the Red Cross, defender of democratic values, oasis of peace and multiethnic harmony."38

This sense of themselves helps explain why the Swiss have been so stung by the recent denunciations aimed at their country's wartime and postwar activities (criticism involving the latter revolves around the reluctance of Swiss financial institutions to return the assets of Holocaust victims to heirs). For example, Switzerland's recent ambassador to the United States, Carlo Jagmetti, has said, concerning the current scandal over his nation's wartime banking practices: "This is a war which Switzerland must conduct on the foreign and domestic front and must win."39 Besides the anti-Semitic undertones of Ambassador Jagmetti's statement (he was referring to Jews as the opponents in this war), his views evince a reluctance to engage Swiss history in an honest manner.40 Of course, Switzerland is not the only nation with a problematic relation to its past; the reader will not be surprised to learn that Sweden, Spain and Portugal are also afflicted with the same conundrum. The moral ambiguities and divided political loyalties of the past make for histories which are difficult to master. But it is time for Switzerland, Sweden, Portugal and Spain to acknowledge that there were no truly neutral countries on the European continent during World War II. It is now time for those four nations to acknowledge that they were part of the Nazis' New Order and that they bear some responsibility for the tragic history of the Thirties and Forties.
...


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http://www.militaryphotos.net/forums/showthread.php?209271-WWII-Two-German-spies-of-Swiss-nationality-shot-on-7th-December-1944
WWII, Two German spies of Swiss nationality shot on 7th December 1944

The Swiss Newspaper "Neue Zürcher Zeitung" had an interesting article today (couldn't find it online) about two Swiss, who were found guilty of spying for Germany and were shot in 1944. The two sources I found were written by Walter Schaufelberger.

 The story begins, when Walter Schaufelberger heard different explanations, why a certain part of field was named Hitler Place. After doing some research, he found documents, affirming claims that spies were executed there. It was a strange twist, that his own father was  Auditor and judicial officer who was the prosecutor in that case. Now 86 years old, he remembers his father being repeatedly pale  and tight-lipped and had never talked with his family about this case.

 "Gradually, I learned, however, that his depression was a result of executions, which he had ex officio attend."

 The case involved two Swiss citizens, Walter L. and Hermann G.

 They were part of the largest German spy ring in Switzerland and were directed from Stuttgart. Their main job was to scout bunker and other military installations as well as ammunition and explosives-factories. They were further interested in companies owned and run by Jews. In the first part of the operation, messengers were used to relay information, later they used radio.

 Both spies were born 1897. Walter L. dropped out of university and had difficulties keeping a steady job. Hermann G. was born in Germany as a Swiss national. He wanted to join the German army, but was rejected. So he joined the Swiss army where he run into problems with the criminal justice. Without a job, he collected welfare. He left the National Front (the Swiss Nazi Party) and joined the Social Democratic Party as a cover. Being unemployed, he voluntary served in the army, preferably in the Swiss large bunkers near Sargans (Festungstruppen).

 Walter L. was not paid for his work, but he was promised some Jewish owned companies, when the Germans took power.

 Hermann G., who had received training in the use of the radio in Stuttgart and was the radio operator, and received periodic payments, totaling about SFr. 30'000.00 during the period of summer 1941 till autumn 1942.

 This huge increase of wealth made the neighbours suspicious. This led to their arrest and to a fast unanimous conviction. The Federal Assembly of Switzerland dismissed the petition of mercy on 7th December 1944 with 181:26 for Walter L. and 204:10 for Hermann G.

 Few hours later, at nightfall, 40 soldiers and two officers led the convicted to a gravel pit, still named Verrätergruber (traitor pit) and shot them.

 The convicted were placed eight meters away of the firing squad, 40 shots were fired, eight shots did not hit.

 Walter Schaufelberger claims that he received written death threats from the SS-Reichssicherheitshauptamt.

 Source: NZZ (Neue Zürcher Zeitung, 23.02.2012, page 17) and
http://www.ktv-sh.ch/Ressourcen/Wanderung-628/Reportage%20628.%20Wanderung.pdf
 in German
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 01, 2015, 12:05:18 pm
http://leaksource.info/2013/06/14/there-is-an-nsacia-hybrid-agency-that-may-explain-snowdens-involvement-in-sigint-and-humint/
There is an NSA/CIA Hybrid Agency That May Explain Snowden’s Involvement in SIGINT and HUMINT

In Archive, CIA, NSA, Snowden, Surveillance on June 14, 2013 at 3:43 AM
...
Evidence is mounting that Snowden was working for the SCS in Geneva. The Swiss Foreign ministry has confirmed that Snowden was declared by the U.S. State Department as an “attaché” assigned to the mission from March 2007 to February 2009. Snowden’s name would not necessarily appear on the State Department’s diplomatic list because it only specifies “key” foreign service officers and not normally Diplomatic Telecommunications Service personnel, of which Snowden was likely one. In 2009, Snowden left the CIA to work for Dell Computers and thereafter went to work for Booz Allen Hamilton as a contractor for the NSA at “NSA Hawaii,” the Regional security Operations Center located at Kunia on Oahu and which is responsible for eavesdropping on the Asia-Pacific region.

Snowden told The Guardian that he witnessed CIA agents routinely getting a Swiss banker drunk and then encouraging him to drive home. After the banker was arrested for drunk driving, the CIA offered to bail him out of trouble if he became a CIA source.

Snowden’s involvement with the SCS would have also given him access to information on CIA stations, CIA official cover agents assigned to U.S. diplomatic posts like Geneva, and surveillance priorities for NSA, such as those depicted on a Top Secret map contained in a slide on NSA’s BOUNDLESSINFORMANT global electronic surveillance program
...
The SCS is also used to recruit foreign nationals who would be helpful in providing access to government and commercial networks and databases. Chief targets for such recruitment are database managers, systems administrators, and computer security technicians, in other words, people like Snowden. Even Swiss bankers with access to secret accounts would be targeted by the SCS to provide system passwords and remote access techniques to banking networks. The Swiss government has sent a diplomatic note to the U.S. government demanding an explanation of Snowden’s allegations about the recruitment of the Swiss banker. Swiss counter-intelligence is rated among the best in the world.
...

Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 01, 2015, 12:39:23 pm
http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/swiss-confirm-cia-flights-allegations/5107916
Swiss confirm CIA flights allegations
Apr 5, 2006 - 07:45

The authorities have confirmed claims in a report by Amnesty International (AI) that six suspected CIA flights landed in Switzerland.

The Federal Civil Aviation Office had previously refused to comment on the findings, only reaffirming that four flights were known to have touched down in Geneva.

There have been widespread allegations in the media and by non-governmental organisations that the CIA ;the American intelligence service ;ran secret jails abroad for terror suspects and flew some through European airports in so-called "rendition" flights.

The AI report, "Below the radar: Secret flights to torture and 'disappearance'", which was published on Wednesday, used data from the United States air authorities from 2001-2005 to track the alleged flights in Europe.

It found that three planes used by the CIA landed five times in Geneva and once in Zurich.

On Wednesday these claims were confirmed by the Aviation Office.

...

Repercussions

The CIA affair has had repercussions in Switzerland. In February the Swiss government granted permission for overflights by non-commercial US aircraft until the end of 2006, after receiving requested clarifications concerning CIA planes from Washington.

According to the government, the US authorities stated they had used neither Swiss airports nor Swiss airspace to transport prisoners.

The news came just days after a parliamentary sub-committee cleared the Swiss cabinet of having knowledge of such flights over Swiss airspace.

Only one suspicious case is still being investigated by the Swiss Federal Prosecutor's Office.

The CIA matter is also being investigated Swiss senator Dick Marty, on behalf of the Council of Europe. His interim report in January found European governments probably knew about CIA abductions and the transfer of detainees through European airspace.


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http://www.nytimes.com/2006/01/12/international/europe/12cia.html?pagewanted=print&_r=0
January 12, 2006
Swiss Investigate Leak to Paper on C.I.A. Prisons in Eastern Europe

By DOREEN CARVAJAL,
International Herald Tribune
 
PARIS, Jan. 11 - Switzerland is conducting criminal investigations to track down the source of a leak to the Zurich-based newspaper SonntagsBlick of what it reported was a secret document citing clandestine C.I.A. prisons in Eastern Europe.

The Sunday weekly published what it reported was a summary of a fax in November from Egypt's Foreign Ministry to its London embassy that said the United States had held 23 Iraqi and Afghan prisoners at a base in Romania. It also referred to similar detention centers in Bulgaria, Kosovo, Macedonia and Ukraine.

"The Egyptians have sources confirming the presence of secret American prisons," said the document, dated Nov. 15 and written in French to summarize the contents of the fax.

"According to the embassy's own sources, 23 Iraqis and Afghans were interrogated at the Mikhail Kogalniceau base at Constanza, on the Black Sea."

The leaked fax, which the newspaper said was sent by satellite and intercepted by the Swiss Strategic Intelligence Service, was signed by Egypt's foreign minister, Ahmed Aboul Gheit, the report said.
...
The Swiss Army's chief prosecutor opened an investigation of Mr. Grenacher and two of his reporters to determine whether military secrets were exposed and to find the source of the leaks. The Swiss attorney general's office is also investigating the issue, adding another layer to its existing investigation of whether there were C.I.A. flights in Swiss airspace.

Germany and Denmark are also examining accusations that the agency used their airspace to transport terrorism suspects.

The United States has acknowledged flights but not the existence of prisons. A C.I.A. spokeswoman declined to comment on the report in the newspaper.

Conceivably, the journalists could face five years in prison for revealing military secrets, although no one prosecuted under the law has ever served any prison time, the authorities said.

Martin Immenhauser, a spokesman for the military prosecutor, said of the document: "Nobody has told us that it's not authentic. I think you can say that it's 99 percent certain that it's authentic."
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 01, 2015, 01:39:02 pm
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/02/11/what-cold-war-cia-interrogators-learned-from-the-nazis.html
What Cold War CIA Interrogators Learned from the Nazis
...

As the Cold War progressed, the program expanded and got stranger still. In 1948, Operation Paperclip’s Brigadier General Charles E. Loucks, Chief of U.S. Chemical Warfare Plans in Europe, was working with Hitler’s former chemists when one of the scientists, Nobel Prize winner Richard Kuhn, shared with General Loucks information about a drug with military potential being developed by Swiss chemists. This drug, a hallucinogen, had astounding potential properties if successfully weaponized.

In documents recently discovered at the U.S. Army Heritage Center in Pennsylvania, Loucks quickly became enamored with the idea that this drug could be used on the battlefield to “incapacitate not kill.” The drug was Lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD.


It did not take long for the CIA to become interested and involved. Perhaps LSD could also be used for off-the-battlefield purposes, a means through which human behavior could be manipulated and controlled. In an offshoot of Operation Paperclip, the CIA teamed up with Army, Air Force and Naval Intelligence to run one of the most nefarious, classified, enhanced interrogation programs of the Cold War. The work took place inside a clandestine facility in the American zone of occupied Germany, called Camp King. The facility’s chief medical doctor was Operation Paperclip’s Dr. Walter Schreiber, the former Surgeon General of the Third Reich. When Dr. Schreiber was secretly brought to America—to work for the U.S. Air Force in Texas—his position was filled with another Paperclip asset, Dr. Kurt Blome, the former Deputy Surgeon General of the Third Reich and the man in charge of the Nazi’s program to weaponize bubonic plague. The activities that went on at Camp King between 1946 and the late 1950s have never been fully accounted for by either the Department of Defense or the CIA.

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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albert_Hofmann

Albert Hofmann (January 11, 1906 – April 29, 2008)[1][2] was a Swiss scientist known best for being the first person to synthesize, ingest, and learn of the psychedelic effects of lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). Hofmann was also the first person to isolate, synthesize, and name the principal psychedelic mushroom compounds psilocybin and psilocin.[3]
...
Hofmann became an employee of the pharmaceutical-chemical department of Sandoz Laboratories (now a subsidiary of Novartis), located in Basel as a co-worker with professor Arthur Stoll, founder and director of the pharmaceutical department.[7] He began studying the medicinal plant squill and the fungus ergot as part of a program to purify and synthesize active constituents for use as pharmaceuticals.
...

http://www.businesspundit.com/10-global-businesses-that-worked-with-the-nazis/
10 Global Businesses that Worked With the Nazis

...
4. Novartis

Bayer, though notorious for its origins as a sub-division of the manufacturer that made the Zyklon B gas used in the Nazi gas chambers, isn’t the only pharmaceutical company with skeletons in its closet. The Swiss chemical companies Ciba and Sandoz merged to form Novartis, most famous for its drug, Ritalin.

In 1933, Ciba’s Berlin branch fired all of the Jewish members of its board of directors and replaced them with more “acceptable” Aryan personnel; meanwhile, Sandoz was busy doing the same with its chairman.

The companies manufactured
dyes, drugs and chemicals for the Nazis during the war. Novartis has owned up to its culpability and tried to make amends in the manner of other complicit firms by contributing $15 million towards a Swiss fund for compensation to the victims of the Nazis.

...

| - - - - - -

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ciencia/ciencia_industryweapons13.htm
...

The CIA drug story begins in 1943, when the organization was still known as the OSS. A Dr. Albert Hoffmann was experimenting in the Sandoz Laboratories in Switzerland (Sandoz was then controlled by the Warburg family). Although Sandoz has been manufacturing a substance known as LSD, or lysergic acid, since 1938, it had only been used in experiments with monkeys.

A later form of this substance, LSD-25, produced amazing psychotropic effects, as Dr. Hoffmann accidentally discovered, when he absorbed a small quantity of rye fungus, the base for the drug, while he was working. This happened during August of 1943, at the height of the Second World War.

Dr. Hoffmann later reported,

"There surged upon me an uninterrupted stream of fantastic images of extraordinary plasticity and vividness and accompanied by an intense kaleidoscopic-like play of colors ... I thought I was dying or going crazy." 

This was the first "trip," the precursor of millions of such experiences by drug cultists. By 1958, Dr. Hoffmann had expanded his interests to Mexican mushrooms and mescaline, both of which then became very popular among leading bankers in New York, and among prominent Hollywood personalities.

 At the time of the discovery of LSD, Allen Dulles was posted in Switzerland, as though by precognition. It was under his leadership that the CIA became transformed into the foremost operation of Dope, Inc. He was then engaged in various activities with officials of the Nazi regime. To this day, no one has been able to ascertain whether he was trying to preserve the Hitler regime, or to overthrow it.

 
The most likely assumption is that he was trying to preserve it to a point, lest the war end too soon for the profit-minded munitions makers, but at the same time to prevent any sort of victorious ending for his Nazi cohorts. The notes of Gotterdammerung had already been sounded. Dulles' association with the Hitler regime went back to a fateful meeting in Cologne in 1933, when he and his brother, John Foster Dulles, assured Hitler the money would be forthcoming to guarantee the fruition of his goals as he had set them forth in "Mein Kampf."

 
Allen Dulles later became a director of the Schroder Bank, which handled Hitler's personal bank account. Interestingly, enough, no one has ever been able to trace one cent of Hitler's considerable personal fortune, which he had received from the sale of his books and other income. Unlike his opponent, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Hitler had no trust fund from his mother (the proceeds from the China opium trade).

Dulles, as an international spymaster, would probably have been aware of Dr. Hoffmann's experiments. After he had returned to the United States and became director of the newly created CIA, Dulles ordered 10 kg of LSD from Sandoz, the stated purpose being "for use in drug experiments with animals and human beings.

As there are some 10,000 doses per gram, this meant that Dulles ordered one hundred million doses of LSD. Meanwhile, a Dr. Timothy Leary had been hired by the National Institute of Health to experiment with psychedelic drugs, including LSD. Leary had already been forced to resign from West Point, and was later fired from the faculty at Harvard, perhaps the only person who could say this.

Leary's NIH study was financed by a grant from the Uris Foundation of New York City. It continued from 1953 to 1956, when it was moved to the U.S. Public Health Service, the experiments going on until 1958, and also at HEW from 1956 to 1963. A CIA Memo dated November 1, 1963 featured glowing accounts of the work of Dr. Leary and his associate, Dr. Richard Alpert (who also was later fired from the staff at Harvard).

They invented the turn on, tune in, drop out movement which incapacitated the youth of America for an entire generation. The movement, in which the CIA always had a proprietary interest, was given academic status when it was launched from the ivy-covered halls of Harvard by Leary and his group.

After their forced departure from Harvard, they were ensconced in a million dollar estate in New York by the wealthy Mellon heir, Tommy Hitchcock. Their movement swept over the campuses of American universities and destroyed the educational opportunities for thousands of American youths.
 

A later governmental investigation of the CIA, which was chaired, naturally enough, by Nelson Rockefeller, made this comment in its Rockefeller Report to the President on CIA activities,

"Beginning in the late 1940s, the CIA began to study the properties of certain behavior-influencing drugs ... all the records concerning the program were ordered destroyed in 1973, including a total of 152 separate files. CIA also contracted with the then Bureau of Narcotics to have mind-influencing drugs given to unwitting subjects in 'normal life-settings.' "

The above referred to several unfortunate incidents, in which CIA employees, who had been given doses of LSD without their knowledge, committed suicide under its malign influence.

The families of these victims learned many years later of the true circumstances of these "suicides" and successfully sued the government to obtain financial settlements.
...


| - -- -

JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association, Volume 65 (https://books.google.com/books?id=NDocAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA1099&lpg=PA1099&dq=scopolamine+switzerland&source=bl&ots=M7RybKx1w2&sig=Zkpk3tOeCspm63jYsKxFGCmTCMY&hl=en&sa=X&ei=GhenVMXFIMW1ggSv7oO4Cg&ved=0CEoQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=scopolamine%20switzerland&f=false)


SCOPOLAMINE STABLE, Roche. — Scopomannit. — An aqueous solution of pure scopolamine hydrobromide, protected against decomposition by the addition of 10 per cent, of mannite, supplied in ampules, each containing 1.2 c.c. (1 c.c. contains 0.0003 gm. scopolamine hydrobromide).

Actions, Uses and Dosage.—The same as Scopolaminae hydrobromidum, U. S. P. (See Useful Drugs or Physician's Manual of the U. S. P. and N. F.).

Manufactured by F. Hoffmann-LaRoche and Co., Basel, Switzerland (The Hoffmann-LaRoche Chemical Works, New York). No U. S. patent. German patent No. 266,415. U. S. trademarks Nos. 103,288 and 103,289.

Scopolamine stable, Roche, is prepared from freshly manufactured scopolamine hydrobromide having an optical activity of — 26.0° for the sodium line (determined in an aqueous solution containing the equivalent of 4.5 Gm. of anhydrous scopolamin hydrobromide in 100 Cc. at a temperature of 15 C. in a 100 millimeter tube) and a melting point of 195 C. by dissolving in an aqueous 10 per cent, solution of mannite.

That scopolamine stable, Roche, contains all of its scopolamine in an un-decomposed state may be determined by comparing its action with that of a freshly prepared solution of scopolamine hydrobromide. For this purpose the manufacturers recommend the method of Lunger, in which the frog heart is stopped by muscarine, or, better, by pilocarpine, and the systolic heat is reestablished by the addition of scopolamine, which is antagonistic to both muscarine and pilocarpine.

http://www.menstuff.org/issues/byissue/daterape.html
...

Hailed in a recent Vice documentary as 'the world's scariest drug,' scopolamine is tasteless, odourless and has a reputation for being something of a 'zombie' drug -- meaning victims are still very much active while they're on it, remembering precious little of those activities the next day.

In 2012, there were nearly 1,200 cases of scopolamine and other 'zombie' drugs being used on unsuspecting targets, GlobalPost reports. Among the victims? Well-known politicians, foreign embassy staff and average Colombian citizens.

“They go out to party and then wake up two or three days later on a park bench,” Maria Fernanda Villota, a nurse at San Jose University Hospital in Bogota, told GlobalPost.

The hospital, she says, receives several scopolamine victims every week. “They arrive here without their belongings or their money
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 01, 2015, 07:26:13 pm
(http://www.24hrpharmausa.com/product_images/e/058/Roche_rohypnol_1mg_flunitrazepam_1__88016_zoom.jpg)

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/08/31/news/31iht-swiss_ed3_.html
New Studies Detail Swiss Ties With Hitler's Germany
By Elizabeth Olson
Published: August 31, 2001

Some of the Switzerland's largest companies, including Nestle, ignored reports of Nazi atrocities and pursued business-as-usual with neighboring Germany, according to the reports that were issued Thursday as part of a five-year examination of Switzerland's actions in World War II.

The studies showed that although most Swiss citizens were unaware of the ties, the political and business arrangements with Hitler's regime helped the Nazi war effort.
...

One of the studies issued Thursday delved into corporate archives from the prewar years, which found that some large Swiss firms had cooperated with Hitler's regime in order to win contracts.

"The protagonists from the private sector were quite evidently concerned first and foremost with business results," said Mr. Bergier, who chairs the commission.

In addition, the Swiss government ignored official neutrality when it gave Germany and Italy credits to buy Swiss-made machinery and weapons, the commission found. This was a kind of "toll" by the Axis powers, said Stefan Frech, a historian and one of the studies' authors.

Among the 100 companies examined were the Basel-based chemical companies Ciba and Sandoz, which have since merged to form Novartis, and Hoffmann-LaRoche, now known as Roche Holding. The researchers found that, for example, Ciba's branch in Berlin let go its Jewish board of directors and replaced them with "Aryan" Germans in 1933.

During the prewar years, some Swiss companies had chemical and pharmaceuticals factories in Germany. One of the commission reports focused on forced labor, concluding that Roche and other companies used such labor at their German sites.

In response, Roche officials said the drugmaker did not use Jewish laborers or those from concentration camps, but mostly people from Eastern Europe.
...

http://www.gene.com/media/press-releases/12007/2009-03-26/roche-completes-acquisition-of-genentech
Roche Completes Acquisition of Genentech

Basel, Switzerland and South San Francisco, California -- March 26, 2009 -- 

Roche (SWX: ROG.VX; RO.S, OTCQX: RHHBY) and Genentech (NYSE: DNA) announced today that Roche has completed its acquisition of Genentech pursuant to a short-form merger in which Genentech became a wholly-owned member of the Roche Group. Roche had announced earlier in the day the successful completion of its tender offer, which expired on Wednesday, March 25. In connection with the merger, all remaining public shareholders will, subject to appraisal rights, receive $95.00 per share for their shares.

Genentech's common stock will no longer be traded on the New York Stock Exchange after Thursday, March 26.

About Roche

Headquartered in Basel, Switzerland, Roche is one of the world's leading research-focused healthcare groups in the fields of pharmaceuticals and diagnostics. As the world's biggest biotech company and an innovator of products and services for the early detection, prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases, the Group contributes on a broad range of fronts to improving people's health and quality of life. Roche is the world leader in in-vitro diagnostics and drugs for cancer and transplantation, and is a market leader in virology. It is also active in other major therapeutic areas such as autoimmune diseases, inflammatory and metabolic disorders and diseases of the central nervous system. In 2008 sales by the Pharmaceuticals Division totaled 36.0 billion Swiss francs, and the Diagnostics Division posted sales of 9.7 billion francs. Roche has R&D agreements and strategic alliances with numerous partners, including majority ownership interest in Chugai, and invested nearly 9 billion Swiss francs in R&D in 2008. Worldwide, the Group employs about 80,000 people. Additional information is available on the Internet at www.roche.com.

About Genentech

Founded more than 30 years ago, Genentech is a leading biotechnology company that discovers, develops, listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol DNAmanufactures and commercializes medicines to treat patients with significant unmet medical needs. The company has headquarters in South San Francisco, California and is .. For additional information about the company, please visit www.gene.com.

| - - - -

http://www.drugfreeworld.org/drugfacts/prescription/rohypnol.html

Rohypnol is a tranquilizer about ten times more potent than Valium. The drug is available as a white or olive-green pill and is usually sold in the manufacturer’s bubble packaging. Users crush the pills and snort the powder, sprinkle it on marijuana and smoke it, dissolve it in a drink or inject it.

ROHYPNOL EFFECTS

Rohypnol has been used to commit sexual assaults because it renders the victim incapable of resisting, giving it the reputation of a “date-rape” drug.

Rohypnol users often describe its effects as “paralyzing.” The effects start twenty to thirty minutes after taking the drug, peak within two hours and may persist for eight or even twelve hours. A person can be so incapacitated (made unable to act) they collapse. They lie on the floor, eyes open, able to observe events but completely unable to move. Afterwards, memory is impaired and they cannot recall any of what happened.

The person experiences loss of muscle control, confusion, drowsiness and amnesia.

Rohypnol is sold in Europe and Latin America as a sleeping pill, but it is illegal in the United States.

| - - -
http://www.drugs.com/international/rohypnol-roche.html

Flunitrazepam is reported as an ingredient of Rohypnol Roche in the following countries:
•Austria

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flunitrazepam
...
It was developed by a team led by Leo Sternbach at Hoffman La-Roche in produced the common precursors to 1,4-benzophenones in 1963.[3] A series of tests showed that an N-methyl & '2F-fluoro produced the most potent hypnotic of the series that started with an earlier Sternbach invention, Nitrazepam.


http://www.haaretz.com/news/features/this-day-in-jewish-history/.premium-1.617935
This Day in Jewish History / Death of chemist who discovered Valium

Leo Sternbach helped turn Hoffman-La Roche into a big pharma, with 230 product patents, most famously Valium, the most prescribed drug in the U.S. in the 1970s.

 By David B. Green    |  Sep. 28, 2014 | 1:34 AM
...

After working in Vienna and then, beginning in 1937, in Zurich at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Sternbach moved in 1940 to Basel, where he was employed by Hoffman-La Roche. The following year, fearful of a possible invasion by Hitler’s Germany, the company arranged to transfer Sternbach and other Jewish scientists in its employ to its offices in the United States. 

[ Now think of all the Jews that were kept in Germany for thye death camps ... How did they arrange these visa's for the Swiss Roche chemists?   Special people, special privileges ...]


Sternbach and his wife, the former Herta Kreuzer (who was not Jewish), arrived in Jersey City, New Jersey, in June 1940, and he began working at the Roche laboratory in Nutley, N.J. In his early years at Roche, Sternbach discovered a way to synthesize biotin – also known as vitamin H – which is important for strengthening nails and hair, and he worked on anaesthetics for bloodless surgery.
...
Sternbach decided to revisit a class of compounds he had first experimented with 20 years earlier while doing postdoctoral work in Poland. Though his goal then had been to synthesize certain dyes, he had a hunch regarding a formula he had studied at the time.

After testing 40 new variations on that compound, and finding them all pharmacologically inert, he was instructed to put the project aside and begin work on antibiotics. But when a clean-up of the lab revealed one more compound that had not been evaluated, he had it sent off for testing. The report he received back from Roche’s head of testing declared the substance had “hypnotic, sedative, and anti-strychnine effects in mice similar to meprobamate” (the chemical moniker of Miltown).

This formed the basis of the benzodiazepines – a class of nonsedating, antianxiety drugs that Roche first introduced in 1960, in the form of Librium, and then in improved form three years later as Valium.

Valium was the most prescribed drug in the United States in the years 1969-1982. At its peak, in 1978, some 2.3 billion doses of Valium were sold. Along with being short on side effects, Valium is also nontoxic, so taken alone it could not cause a fatal overdose. It is, however, addictive.

Hoffman-La Roche paid Sternbach $1 for the patent, and also a bonus of $10,000, as it did in cases of blockbuster drugs, and he was happy to continue working there for the rest of his career, as director of chemistry, and even after his retirement as a consultant, until shortly before his death.

Late in life, Sternbach told reporters that he had always tried out his drugs on himself, and that Valium had had the effect of making him drowsy, so that, “my wife doesn’t let me take it.” His drug of choice, he said, was blended Scotch.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 02, 2015, 01:26:18 pm
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XqhthJzqJAo
The Elite Swiss Boarding School - World's Most Powerful People Send Their Kids
why isn't THE NAME OF THE SCHOOL listed in the title or in the video at any place?  Thumbs down.
(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/c9/InstitutleRosey.JPG)

(http://i794.photobucket.com/albums/yy224/Artemisiea/LR.jpg?t=1293814224)

http://www.forbes.com/2007/12/12/europe-boarding-schools-biz-cx_vr_1212boarding.html
Europe's Most Expensive Boarding Schools

...

No. 1: Le Rosey, Château de Rosey in Rolle, Switzerland. Dubbed the “school of kings” for the number of royals who have attended, Le Rosey is, at 50,000 euros ($73,150) a year, also the world’s most expensive international school. Apart from getting a chance to rub shoulders with Rothschilds and Borgheses, there’s a lakeside château on 28 acres, 10 tennis courts, a Jacuzzi, a sauna and steam rooms, and a sailing center. The school moves to a separate winter campus between January and March.

College Alpin Beau Soleil, Villars-sur-Ollon, Switzerland, ranks close behind in the tuition race, at 48,000 euros ($70,220). An international boarding school in the mountains near Geneva, with views of the Rhone Valley, the school features a restaurant on the ski slopes, a performing arts center and a riding center.

“I think people are partly attracted by the beauty of the country and all the outdoor possibilities it offers, in a safe environment,” Sarah Frei, marketing director of the Swiss school Brillantmont (No. 5 on the list), says of the country. “As we are located in the heart of Europe, students can go on weekend trips to Paris or Rome.”
\| - - - -

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_alumni_of_Institut_Le_Rosey
Notable Roseans[edit]

Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, the last Shah of Iran
Aga Khan IV, spiritual leader of Ismaili Muslims
Baudouin of Belgium, King of the Belgians
Juan Carlos I of Spain, former King of Spain
Richard Helms, Director of the CIA (1966-1973)


Jose Ferrer, Academy Award-winning actor, uncle of George Clooney
Firouz Nosrat-ed-Dowleh III, Prince of Qajar Dynasty (1889-1937) [2]
Aga Khan IV, the Aga Khan (born 1936), Imām of the Shia Imami Ismaili Muslims[3]
Princess Zahra Aga Khan (born 1970), eldest child of the Aga Khan[4]
King Albert II of Belgium (born 1934)[5]

Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia (born 1945), claimant to the Serbian Throne[6]
Sir Thomas Arnold (born 1947), British politician, retired Member of Parliament[7]
Tae Ashida (born 1964), Japanese fashion designer[8]
King Baudouin I of Belgium (1930–1993)[9]
Bijan (1944–2011), Iranian-American fashion designer[10]
Borghese family members, of the Italian noble House of Borghese[11]
Garech Browne (born 1939), member of the Guinness brewing family and patron of Irish Arts[12]
Arpad Busson (born 1963), Swiss financier[13]
Ian Campbell, 12th Duke of Argyll (1937–2001), Clan Chief of the Clan Campbell[14]

John Casablancas (born 1942), founder of Elite Model Management[15]
Julian Casablancas (born 1978), musician, band member of The Strokes[16]
David Cecil, 6th Marquess of Exeter (previously Lord Burghley), winner of the 400m hurdles at the 1928 Summer Olympics[17]ll[18]
Joe Dassin (1938-1980), French-American singer and composer
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent (born 1935), member of the British Royal Family and President of the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club[19]
Benno Elkan (1877–1960), German-born British sculptor, one of the first Roseans[20]
Emanuele Filiberto, Prince of Venice and Piedmont (born 1972), of the Italian House of Savoy[21]
Ghida Fakhry (born 1970), Washington, D.C. co-anchor of Al Jazeera English[22]
Dodi Al-Fayed (1955–1997), movie producer, romantically linked to Diana, Princess of Wales, died in a car accident together in Paris[23]
Francesca von Habsburg (born 1958), art collector and the wife of Karl Habsburg-Lothringen
José Ferrer (1909–1992), Academy Award-winning actor[24]
King Fuad II of Egypt (born 1952), the last King of Egypt[25]
Alexandra von Fürstenberg (born 1972), former daughter-in-law of fashion designer Diane von Fürstenberg and one of the Miller Sisters
Prince Egon von Fürstenberg (1946–2004), fashion designer, of the House of Fürstenberg[26]
Pia Getty (born 1966), socialite, one of the Miller Sisters[27]
Toulo de Graffenried, Baron de Graffenried (1914–2007), Swiss motor racing driver[28]
Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (born 1981)[29]
Albert Hammond, Jr. (born 1980), singer, musician, band member of The Strokes[30]
Juliet Hartford daughter of Huntington Hartford owner of Paradise Island and A&P supermarket Heiress
H. John Heinz III (1938–1991), United States Senator, married to Teresa Heinz[31]
Richard Helms (1913–2002), Director of Central Intelligence and United States Ambassador to Iran[32]

Hermon Hermon-Hodge, 3rd Baron Wyfold (1915–1999), member of the British House of Lords[33]
Hohenzollern family members, of the Prussian royal House of Hohenzollern[34]
John Caldwell Holt (1923–1985), American author and educator, pioneer in youth rights theory[35]
Sir Alistair Horne (born 1925), British historian, biographer[36]
J.B. Jackson (1909–1996), French-born American writer, landscape designer[37]
King Juan Carlos I of Spain (born 1938)[38]
Sir Michael Kadoorie (born 1941), Hong Kong business magnate[39]
Rhonda Ross Kendrick (born 1971), actress, daughter of Diana Ross[40]
Adnan Khashoggi family, the children of Saudi arms dealer Adnan Khashoggi[41]
Michael Korda (born 1933), writer, former Editor-in-Chief of Simon & Schuster[42]
James Laughlin (1914–1997), American poet and book publisher[43]
Sean Taro Ono Lennon (born 1975), musician, son of John Lennon and Yoko Ono[44]
Warner LeRoy (1935–2001), owner of Tavern on the Green and the Russian Tea Room[45]
Marie-Chantal, Crown Princess of Greece (born 1968), member of the Greek Royal Family and one of the Miller Sisters[46]
Molson family members, of the Molson Breweries Canada family[47]
Leona Naess (born 1974), British singer-songwriter[48]
Stavros Niarchos family, the children of Greek shipping magnate Stavros Niarchos[49]
Nicholas Negroponte (born 1943), founder and Chairman Emeritus of the MIT Media Lab[50]
Álvaro Noboa (born 1950), Ecuadorian businessman, candidate for the Ecuadorian Presidency[51]
King Ntare V of Burundi (1947–1972), the last King of Burundi[52]
Justine Kasa-Vubu, politician, daughter of former President of the DRC, Joseph Kasa-Vubu[53]
Ali Reza Pahlavi I (1922–1954), brother of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavī[54]
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavī (1919–1980), the last Shah of Iran[55]
Pahlavī family members, of the Pahlavī dynasty of the Persian Empire[56]
Prince Rainier III of Monaco (1923–2005)[57]
Andrea di Robilant, Italian fiction writer[58]
Winthrop Paul Rockefeller (1948–2006), Lieutenant Governor of Arkansas, member of the Rockefeller Family[59]
Alexis von Rosenberg, Baron de Rédé (1922–2004), art collector, socialite[60]
Tracee Ellis Ross (born 1972), actress, daughter of Diana Ross[61]
Rothschild family members, of the banking and finance dynasty[62]
Robin Russell, 14th Duke of Bedford (1940–2003)[63]
Tatiana Santo Domingo (born 1983), Brazilian and Colombian socialite and heiress.[64]
Olympia Scarry (born 1983), Installation Artist, Socialite and granddaughter of Richard Scarry.[65]
David Verney, 21st Baron Willoughby de Broke, UKIP peer
Taittinger family members, French champagne producers[66]
Mayuko Takata (born 1971), Japanese actress, Iron Chef judge[67]
Elizabeth Taylor family, the children of Elizabeth Taylor and Michael Wilding[68]
Irving Thalberg Jr. (1930–1987), American philosopher, son of Irving Thalberg and Norma Shearer[69]
Harold Tittman III, American diplomat and author[70]
Tad Szulc (1926–2001), non-fiction writer, New York Times Correspondent[71]
David Verney, 21st Baron Willoughby de Broke (born 1938), member of the British House of Lords[72]
Thady Wyndham-Quin, 7th Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl, Irish peer[73]
Adam Zamoyski
Fardad Fateri (born 1964) American business executive and CEO
Matthew de Unger Brown (born 1984) Convicted Fraudster and Arms Broker [74]

http://pocho.com/pnshotflash-classmates-say-kim-jong-un-a-fun-dude/

(http://pocho.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/badluckkim.jpg)
North Korean strongman Kim Jong Un is actually “a fun dude,” according to his classmates at the elite Swiss prep school Institut Le Rosey.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 02, 2015, 04:18:06 pm
http://www.healthcare.basel.bayer.com/en/company/about-us/

(http://www.mygen.com/images/bayer-pharmaceutical-heroin.jpg)
About us
Bayer Consumer Care AG (BCC AG), located in Basel, Switzerland, is an international Bayer Healthcare company with around 500 employees from 50 countries, with a 50/50 split between genders.

Bayer Consumer Care AG was founded in 2005, upon the completion of its acquisition of Roche Consumer Health. Basel hosts the worldwide Consumer Care headquarters – together with Whippany (NJ), USA.

Also located in Basel is the global steering of the Diabetes Care business and the Pharma hub for Oncology and Ophthalmology.

https://career.bayer.ch/en/
Check out our Video Center and learn more about all of the cool things you could be part of if you choose an opportunity at Bayer .

Working in Switzerland? We give you some insights in everything you need to know about entry, residence and employment.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 02, 2015, 04:35:21 pm
http://pamelageller.com/2010/01/oh-what-an-enormous-slaughterhouse-the-world-is.html/

(http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-882cm2xUvmg/To4M3r-lrhI/AAAAAAAAFyM/IOUGUrQdY6s/s1600/Carl-Jung-Action-Figure_1003-l.jpg)

During an interview conducted in the late 1930s (published in 1939), Carl Jung, the Swiss psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychiatry, was asked “…had he any views on what was likely to be the next step in religious development?” Jung said:


We do not know whether Hitler is going to found a new Islam. He is already on the way; he is like Muhammad. The emotion in Germany is Islamic; warlike and Islamic. They are all drunk with wild god. That can be the historic future.
(hat tip Al via Andrew Bostom)
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: larsonstdoc on January 02, 2015, 05:03:08 pm
http://pamelageller.com/2010/01/oh-what-an-enormous-slaughterhouse-the-world-is.html/

(http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-882cm2xUvmg/To4M3r-lrhI/AAAAAAAAFyM/IOUGUrQdY6s/s1600/Carl-Jung-Action-Figure_1003-l.jpg)

During an interview conducted in the late 1930s (published in 1939), Carl Jung, the Swiss psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychiatry, was asked “…had he any views on what was likely to be the next step in religious development?” Jung said:


We do not know whether Hitler is going to found a new Islam. He is already on the way; he is like Muhammad. The emotion in Germany is Islamic; warlike and Islamic. They are all drunk with wild god. That can be the historic future.
(hat tip Al via Andrew Bostom)
...

  Nice find Tahoe.  This is happening all over the world.

  In fact there is a new religion developing in America----- Chrislam

  Note to the novice---Rick Warren is CFR.

  The God of the Bible and the God of Islam ARE NOT AND NEVER WERE THE SAME.
www.exposingchrislam.com


Rick Warren Partnering With Mosques To Teach That God And Allah Are The Same

Saddleback Church in Orange County, California, home to super-pastor Rick Warren (Obama inauguration, Purpose Driven Life, etc.) has joined forces with Southern California mosques to adopt a three-step plan for ending enmity between evangelical Christians and Muslims.

The plan’s first step calls for Muslims and Christians to recognize they worship the same God. Interfaith reconciliation has been proceeding for years between Muslims and more liberal-leaning mainline Protestant denominations.

This is the first such effort I’ve heard of by an evangelical mega-church. Many evangelicals regard Islam as Christianity’s number one enemy, and they do not at all agree that the two faiths worship the same God. This is likely to make waves.

The Rev. Rick Warren, pastor of Saddleback Church in Lake Forest and one of America’s most influential Christian leaders, has embarked on an effort to heal divisions between evangelical Christians and Muslims by partnering with Southern California
mosques and proposing a set of theological principles that includes acknowledging that Christians and Muslims worship the
same God.

The effort, informally dubbed King’s Way, caps years of outreach between Warren and Muslims. Warren has broken Ramadan fasts at a Mission Viejo mosque, met Muslim leaders abroad and addressed 8,000 Muslims at a national convention in Washington D.C.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 04, 2015, 12:54:25 pm
[ Talks about the roman empire that still exists today ... (based in Switzerland) ]

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JdhBk4kJv14
Jordan Maxwell - Raw & Uncut 2014
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 04, 2015, 04:17:36 pm
I hope the ISIS NWO headcutters are invited to DAVOS as a matter of inclusion to help the kumbiya gathering go as planned? I'm sure the Christians of Syria would approve.
(http://www.salem-news.com/stimg/december282013/taliban-heads.jpg)

https://agenda.weforum.org/2014/10/theme-davos-2015/
Davos 2015: what’s on the agenda?
By Oliver Cann   
Oct 3 2014

The 45th Annual Meeting of the World Economic Forum, which will take place 21-24 January in Davos-Klosters, Switzerland, is to convene under the theme, The New Global Context.

The theme reflects the period of profound political, economic, social and technological change that the world has entered, which has the potential to end the era of economic integration and international partnership that began in 1989.

Participating in the meeting will be 2,500 leaders, including the heads of 1,000 of the world’s largest and most successful businesses, heads of state or government from the G20 group and other nations, the heads of the world’s foremost international organizations alongside leaders from civil society, labour unions, the world’s major religions, media and the arts. The Forum’s New Champions communities; Young Global Leaders, Global Shapers, Global Growth Companies, Technology Pioneers and Social Entrepreneurs, will also contribute.

The Annual Meeting 2015 will provide a platform for over 50 initiatives that are currently being led by the Forum, with the aim of contributing positive change to the global agenda, as well as those of industry, business and the world’s regions. These include a public-private initiative to help achieve zero net tropical deforestation caused by agricultural commodities by 2020; a multistakeholder endeavour to stimulate more cross-industry and cross-ministry strategic dialogue on ways to strengthen multistakeholder Internet governance ‎and cooperation; and the Forum’s Gender Parity Taskforces, which work with governments worldwide to improve economic opportunity for the female half of the population.

Supporting these endeavours, the Meeting’s programme will feature over 250 sessions, each researched and designed using input from the Forum’s Global Agenda Councils, a network of over 1,500 world-class experts that is focused on identifying and delivering solutions to over 80 individual global challenges. This programme will be more open to the public than ever before, with over 20 televised sessions and an expanded multilingual webcast capability covering 60 sessions, all contributing to a conversation to be played out over social media as well as the Forum’s blog.

Author: Oliver Cann is Director, Media Relations, World Economic Forum

see:
http://www.weforum.org/events/world-economic-forum-annual-meeting-2015
[ The AI ROBOTS are coming? ]

Davos-Klosters, Switzerland 21-24 January
The New Global Context

Complexity, fragility and uncertainty are potentially ending an era of economic integration and international partnership that began in 1989. What is clear is that we are confronted by profound political, economic, social and, above all, technological transformations. They are altering long-standing assumptions about our prospects, resulting in an entirely “new global context” for decision-making.

Leaders are looking to strengthen their situation awareness and contextual intelligence. The World Economic Forum’s Annual Meeting convenes global leaders from across business, government, international organizations, academia and civil society in Davos for strategic dialogues which map the key transformations reshaping the world.

http://www.weforum.org/community/global-agenda-councils
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 04, 2015, 05:33:10 pm
Barclays is a BIS Central Bank and Jeb Bush has just left a million a year job with Barclays ( and What could Jeb have possibly have done that would be worth a Million for a Bank? Barclays also has Barclays Global Investors (BGI)   in Geneva  and Zurich... 

At Barclays we know that wealth means different things to different people. (https://wealth.barclays.com/en_ch/home/switzerland-campaign.html)

As a client you are connected to the entire Barclays Group, a major global network with offices in over 50 countries, employing 135,000 people. Our service is built on over 300 years of careful financial management and broad banking expertise.

Based in Geneva since 1986, Barclays Bank (Suisse) SA caters to clients in over 40 countries and employs over 350 professionals. We offer services in international and private banking, investment management, investment finance and wealth structuring. We look forward to welcoming you to our offices in Geneva or in Zurich.



https://wealth.barclays.com/en_gb/home/others/contactus/global/europe/switzerland/zurich.html
Barclays Bank (Suisse) SA Zurich Branch

Beethovenstrasse 19
P.O.Box 
8027 Zurich
Switzerland

Opening hours 9.00 am to 5.00 pm  Monday to Friday.

http://www.professionalpensions.com/global-pensions/news/1451410/barclays-global-investors-swiss-office-geneva
Barclays Global Investors opens Swiss office in Geneva
By: Archive Archive 
14 Jul 2005

SWITZERLAND - Barclays Global Investors (BGI) has established a local presence in Switzerland with the opening of an office in Geneva. Although BGI already manages e4.5bn for Swiss investors, including Publica and the City of Zurich, the establishment of BGI(Suisse) S.A, marks the first time the investment management firm has had a presence on the ground in the country.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-10-08/barclays-to-pay-20-million-cooperate-with-libor-plaintiffs-1-.html

Barclays to Pay $20 Million, Assist Libor Plaintiffs
By Bob Van Voris  Oct 9, 2014 12:09 AM PT

Barclays Plc (BARC) agreed to pay $20 million and cooperate with a group of Eurodollar-futures traders suing other banks, to settle litigation over manipulation of the benchmark London interbank offered rate.
...
The plaintiffs’ lawyers argued in support of the settlement, the first in the U.S. antitrust litigation over Libor-linked investments, that they intend it to act as an “ice-breaker” encouraging other defendants to settle

| - - -

http://www.vanityfair.com/online/daily/2014/04/jeb-bush-money-president
9:41 AM, April 21 2014 

Jeb Bush May Be Making Too Much Money to Bother Running for President
By Kia Makarechi

(http://i814.photobucket.com/albums/zz61/BOSMAN-PICS/Politicians/JEB-BUSH-EDUCATION-.jpg)

According to the Times, Bush has worked for or with Lehman Brothers, a soap maker whose books were cooked, and an Affordable Care Act-supporting hospital owner. He has raked in at least $3.2 million from board positions, charges $50,000 for speeches, and is said to be paid more than $1 million a year by Barclays, the firm that absorbed much of Lehman after Bush’s bid to have Mexican billionaire Carlos Slim Helú save the failing bank.
...

http://townhall.com/tipsheet/katiepavlich/2015/01/02/jeb-bush-resigns-from-board-positions-ahead-of-potential-2016-run-n1937931
Jeb Bush Resigns From Board Positions Ahead of Potential 2016 Run
Katie Pavlich | Jan 02, 2015

In case you missed it earlier this week, former Florida Governor Jeb Bush announced he has resigned from a number of different board positions, signaling another step toward a run for the White House is 2016.

...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 04, 2015, 07:51:49 pm
http://www.swissbankclaims.com/documents/doc_6_golde.pdf
Independent Commission of Experts
Switzerland – Second World War

Switzerland and Gold Transactions in the Second World War

Interim Report
...

Following a general analysis of Switzerland’s war-time gold transactions, the report accords a
preferential place to the gold shipments of the German Reichsbank to the Swiss National Bank
(Chapter II).


]This is due not only to the fact that these shipments were large and therefore
important, but because they give rise to the most delicate questions. What were the motives of
the Swiss National Bank in continuing its purchases until the very end of the war?
What
interests was it taking into consideration in doing so? Did the National Bank act solely to carry
out monetary policy, or out of larger economic, political, or even personal concerns? Did those
involved in the transactions earn a profit? What did they really know about the doubtful origin
of a large part of the gold they purchased, and did they inform the government in time?


At the same time, the Swiss National Bank also bought gold from the Allies, albeit in a
chronological context that renders any comparison misleading (Chapter III). The origin of this
gold causes no problems. However, other questions emerge. In 1941, Swiss gold in the United
States was frozen and thereby rendered almost useless. What concerns or coercion instigated
purchases from the Allies after this point?
What were the respective roles of the Swiss National
Bank, the Confederation, and the private sector in dealing with Allied financial policy-makers?
How did the Allies use Swiss currency obtained through sales of gold?
...


The Bank Council, whose members represented the interests of various sectors of the economy
and areas of the country, was the highest authority of the SNB. President and Vice- President
of the Council were ex-officio members of the Bank Committee, which exercised close
supervision and control over the business and management of the bank. The Bank Committee
roughly corresponded to a corporation’s board of directors but had less authority and at times,
was unable to prevail in decisive questions against the unified opposition of the Governing
Board.

At the time of World War II, the Bank Committee consisted of seven members. The Chairman
was Gottlieb Bachmann
, the previous Chairman of the Governing Board, with Léon Daguet,
President of the Freiburg Cantonal Bank, serving as Vice-Chairman. The Governing Board
consisted of the chairmen of the three Departments: Ernst Weber (at the same time Chairman
of the Governing Board), Paul Rossy, and Fritz Schnorf. When Schnorf left the SNB in 1942,
he was replaced by Alfred Hirs on the managing board of the Bank.
10
...

http://www.snb.ch/en/iabout/snb/hist/histbio/id/hist_bios_dm
Members of the Governing Board from 1907 onwards (as at December 2012)
...

1.7.1937 – 15.3.1939
Gottlieb Bachmann
Paul Rossy
Ernst Weber

15.3.1939 – 31.3.1939
Vacant
Paul Rossy
Ernst Weber

1.4.1939 – 1.10.1942
Ernst Weber
Paul Rossy
Fritz Schnorf
 
1.10.1942 – 31.3.1947
Ernst Weber
Paul Rossy
Alfred Hirs

http://www.archives.gov/research/holocaust/microfilm-publications/m1934-subject-list.pdf
Subject Listing of Numbered Documents in M1934, OSS WASHINGTON SECRET INTELLIGENCE/SPECIAL FUNDS RECORDS, 1942-46
..
Interview with Andre Martin on Matisse painting obtained by Max Stocklin in Paris (vice Germans allegedly)


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http://www.nga.gov/content/ngaweb/features/slideshows/world-war-ii-provenance-research.html#
...
(http://media.nga.gov/public/objects/7/1/0/7/1/71071-primary-0-740x560.jpg)
Henri Matisse, French, 1869 - 1954, Woman Seated in an Armchair, 1940, oil on canvas, Given in loving memory of her husband, Taft Schreiber, by Rita Schreiber, 1989.31.1

Purchased from the artist by (Paul Rosenberg, Paris);[1] (Alexandre Rosenberg, New York)by 1948; sold 1950 to William Somerset Maugham [1874-1965], St. Jean-Cap-Ferrat, France;[2] (his sale, Sotheby's, London, 10 April 1962, no. 24); Colonel C. Michael Paul, New York; sold 15 January 1970 to Taft B. Schreiber, Beverly Hills [1908-1976];[3] his wife, Rita B. Schreiber, Beverly Hills [d. 1989]; gift 1989 to NGA.

[1] This painting was confiscated by the ERR in 1941 with others from the Rosenberg collection in France (ERR inventory card PR34, National Archives RG260/Property Division/Box 19, copy NGA curatorial files). There is confusion in the archival records as to whether picture was taken from the Rosenberg vault at Libourne or the chateau at Floirac. In the Rosenberg claim file (National Archives RG260/Box 742, copies NGA curatorial files) there are lists and correspondence from Edmond Rosenberg, brother of Paul Rosenberg, which provide conflicting information. However, it seems likely the picture was taken from Floirac, as it was this part of the Rosenberg collection assigned the code "PR." Documents from the National Archives in Washington indicate that the painting was traded by the ERR on 16 November 1943, along with a Bonnard painting from the Kann collection, to the dealer Max Stöcklin in exchange for a painting by Rudolf Alt. (Receipt for the exchange, National Archives RG260/ Box 452, copy NGA curatorial files). The picture seems to be confused throughout the archival documentation with another Matisse painting described as of a woman in a yellow chair, which also appears to have been confiscated from the Rosenberg collection. However this second picture dates from 1939, is in a vertical format, and the woman is nude. On some documents the code PR34 seems to be associated with the 1939 picture, but it is clearly the NGA painting which is described on the ERR card for PR34, and on the receipt for the exchange between Stöcklin and the ERR. Moreoever, the photographs taken by the ERR of confiscated objects illustrate the NGA picture with the code PR34. After Stöcklin, the painting was traced to the Swiss dealer André Martin, and seen on view at the Galerie Neupert in Zurich (See item no. 62 on atachment B to Douglas Cooper's "Report on Mission to Switzerland," 10 December 1945, National Archives RG239/Entry 73/Box 82, copy NGA curatorial files).

 
The NGA picture was returned to the Rosenbergs by 1948, according to the records of the gallery, which sold it to Somerset Maugham in 1950.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_plunder
...

In 1940, an organization known as the Einsatzstab Reichsleiter Rosenberg für die Besetzten Gebiete (The Reichsleiter Rosenberg Institute for the Occupied Territories), or ERR, was formed, headed for Alfred Rosenberg by Gerhard Utikal
.

The first operating unit, the western branch for France, Belgium and the Netherlands, called the Dienststelle Westen (Western Agency), was located in Paris. The chief of this Dienststelle was Kurt von Behr. Its original purpose was to collect Jewish and Freemasonic books and documents, either for destruction, or for removal to Germany for further "study". However, late in 1940, Hermann Göring, who in fact controlled the ERR, issued an order that effectively changed the mission of the ERR, mandating it to seize "Jewish" art collections and other objects. The war loot had to be collected in a central place in Paris, the Museum Jeu de Paume. At this collection point worked art historians and other personnel who inventoried the loot before sending it to Germany. Göring also commanded that the loot would first be divided between Hitler and himself. Hitler later ordered that all confiscated works of art were to be made directly available to him. From the end of 1940 to the end of 1942 Göring traveled twenty times to Paris. In the Museum Jeu de Paume, art dealer Bruno Lohse staged 20 expositions of the newly looted art objects, especially for Göring, from which Göring selected at least 594 pieces for his own collection.[3] Göring made Lohse his liaison-officer and installed him in the ERR in March 1941 as the deputy leader of this unit. Items which Hitler and Göring did not want were made available to other Nazi leaders. Under Rosenberg and Göring's leadership, the ERR seized 21,903 art objects from German-occupied countries
...

http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/10/05/my-grandfather-s-war-recovering-the-art-the-nazis-stole.html
My Grandfather's War: Recovering the Art the Nazis Stole
10/05/2014

Before WWII, Paul Rosenberg was one of Paris’s major art collectors. But after the Nazis invaded, his gallery was occupied and his collection stolen and dispersed
...

Paul discovered one of his paintings by Matisse, Woman in a Yellow Armchair, at the Neupert Gallery in Zurich, where he was even told it was from a private collection
. Going higher up the chain, he went to see Emil Bührle, another dealer, “who was surprised to see me, because he had chosen to believe the rumor that I was dead,” as Paul told the story. Paul then accused him of knowingly buying stolen goods. Bührle replied that he would return them to Fischer if he got his money back. The two dealers tried to bargain with Paul: he could take back 80 percent of his paintings, leaving the rest. “But Rosenberg was on a crusade and wanted an official, government-to-government settlement,” believing that the Swiss government would be willing to negotiate at any price, in order to avoid a scandal.

If my grandfather had to wait for the liberation to find out the extent of the dispersal of his art, as early as 1942 he had been concerned about the fate of stolen paintings all across Europe. He saw it as an attack on the artistic legacy of the war-torn continent. Trying to motivate the Allies, he offered his assistance and cooperation to the profession as a whole, pro bono.
...

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http://thedailyjournalist.com/theinvestigative/france-returns-paintings-to-rightful-owners-68-years-later/
France Returns Paintings To Rightful Owners 68 Years later
Posted about 651 days ago | 0 comment
By Marilyn Z. Tomlins.

On Tuesday, March 19, France returned seven paintings, part of the Nazis’ Second World War loot, to its rightful owners.

....

In November 1999 France did, after having become a signatory of the ‘Washington Conference Principles on Nazi-Confiscated Art’, founded the ‘Commission for the Compensation of Victims of Spoliation Resulting from Anti-Semitic Legislation in Force during the Occupation’ (Commission pour l’indemnisation des victims de spoliations intervenues du fait des législation anti-Semites en vigeur pendant l’Occupation). The Commission’s role is to review the claims for compensation submitted by victims of spoliation. In the first two years the commission had reviewed 7,725 such claims and had paid out €26.43 million ($34.21 million) in compensation to victims. This sum included compensation for property requisitioned by the Germans and bank-related spoliation.

France’s Nazi looters

During the Second World War France had her own Gestapo.

At the head of the French Gestapo was a man named Henri Lafont whose real name was Henri Louis Chamberlin. Thirty-eight years old in 1940 when France fell and having done prison for theft on several occasions he was again under lock and key for draft evasion in a jail in Paris.

The French moved him to an internment camp south of the capital and in the camp he befriended two German Abwehr (Intelligence) men and a Swiss national, one Max Stocklin, also with the Abwehr. The three had been interned along with other German nationals living or present in France.

on France’s declaration of war against the German Third Reich.

The four escaped from the camp and, after having laid low in Paris, on France’s fall and occupation they safely resurfaced.

First ‘Monsieur Henri’, as he was to be known, worked at a warehouse for stolen Jewish property which was run by Stocklin, but quickly the Gestapo scooped him up to found a French Gestapo branch. Then, two months after France’s fall, accompanied by Gestapo men he called in at Fresnes Prison south of Paris and chose 27 of France’s most skilled and ruthless criminals, released them and enrolled them in his brand-new French Gestapo which would soon have one hundred men. They were to arrest and torture and also shoot those who opposed Germany – Jew and non-Jew alike – and round up Jews for deportation to concentration and death camps, and – steal their possessions.

At the Liberation of Paris on August 25, 1944, Henri Lafont, confident that his fellow countrymen would never arrest him, retreated to his farm outside Paris and there, on August 30, he was arrested by French Forces of the Interior (FFI) men who were also known as fifis.
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 05, 2015, 12:07:22 pm
Swiss used the Nazi Germany's enigma machines:

http://www.cryptomuseum.com/crypto/enigma/hist.htm
...
Manufacturers   
 
The first Enigma machines were developed in 1923 by Arthur Scherbius' first company Scherbius und Ritter but were built after the company had been renamed first to Gewerkschaft Securitas and a few years later to Chiffriermaschinen AG. After Scherbius' untimely death in 1929, the company changed hands and in 1933, after the German Army had acquired the manufacturing rights to the Enigma machine, the name was changed once more to Heimsoeth und Rinke.

 As many Enigma machines were needed for the German war effort, other companies were contracted to build the machines under licence. This also reduced the risk of supply problems should any of the manufactures be bombed by the Allies. Apart from Heimsoeth & Rinke in Berlin, military Enigma machines were also manufactured by Olympia in Erfurt, Ertel-Werk in München, Atlas-Werke in Bremen and Konski & Krüger in Berlin. → List of manufacturers



http://www.cryptomuseum.com/crypto/enigma/k/swiss.htm
Swiss-K   
 
Enigma K variant for Switzerland

 The most famous and well-known Enigma K variant is probably the version that was built for the Swiss Army. Although it is not an official name, this machine is often called the Swiss-K. The machines were ordered by the Swiss before WWII and the first batch was delivered in 1939


...
The Swiss started to use the Enigma machine in 1938, when they received 14 Enigma D machines. Another 65 machines were ordered in 1939. Finally, in 1940, a large number of machines were supplied in two batches (5 May and 10 July). These were the machines we now known as the Swiss-K [1] .

 In July 1942, a total of 265 machines was in use, 102 by the Swiss Army and 163 by the Air Force [2] . The machines of the Foreign Ministry were on loan from the Army. Initially, they were all supplied with the standard commercial wiring known from the Enigma D. The Swiss, however, rewired their machines frequently.

...
Modifications   

 After delivery of the Enigma K machines from the manufacturer, the following modifications were carried out by the Kriegsmaterialverwaltung (War Material Procurement) [2] :

•Addition of an extra lamp panel to most of the machines (see below).
•A transformer was added in order to save batteries (PSU, see below).
 
...
Wiring   
 
 All Enigma K machines were delivered by the Germans with the standard commercial wheel wiring, also known from the Enigma D (see the table below). Immediately after reception, however, the Swiss changed the wiring of all cipher wheels. 
...

Breaking the Swiss-K   
 
 In 1941, the Swiss found out that the French had broken some of their Enigma traffic. The machines used by the Swiss Army were subsequently modified by altering the stepping mechanism. The rightmost wheel was made stationary and the middle wheel was made to step with every key press. The leftmost wheel and the UKW would follow in the normal fashion (Enigma stepping). This modification was only present on the Swiss Army machines and not on the machines used by the Air Force and the Foreign Ministry.

 Another safety measure was to rewire the cipher wheels regularly. The machines used by the Foreign Ministry were apparently rewired every two years. Despite this, their Enigma traffic remained to be broken by the allied code breakers. At BP, Colonel Tiltman was able to read Swiss diplomatic traffic from September 1939 onwards [1] whilst the Americans took care of the Swiss codes in their part of the world.

The Germans also broke the Swiss diplomatic codes and were able to read their traffic from 1939 onwards, right until the end of the war. As this was known by the Swiss, they started to develop their own machine. They called it NEMA, for Neue Maschine (new machine). Unfortunately for the Swiss, the machine came too late. It was introduced in 1946, just after the war had ended. 

[ Oh and everything Dulles transmitted was taken by the Nazi's ... ]

http://chris-intel-corner.blogspot.com/2012/05/allen-dulles-and-compromise-of-oss.html
Wednesday, May 23, 2012
Allen Dulles and the compromise of OSS codes in WWII

During the war several organizations run agents in occupied Europe for the allied side. Britain had SIS and SOE and the US had OSS.

The Office of Strategic Services was the predecessor of the CIA and it was headed by General William Donovan. An important person in that organization was Allen Dulles.
...

During the war Dulles joined the OSS and in November 1942 he was sent to Berne, Switzerland to head the OSS station on “Hitler’s doorstep”.
Berne was a hotspot of agent activity both Allied and Axis. The goal of the OSS was to recruit informants and gather intelligence on European affairs. Especially important was the need to recruit German agents to report on that country’s internal condition and policies. The Berne station also had contact with members of the German resistance.


Obviously there was a need for absolute secrecy in communications between the Berne station and Washington. Unfortunately for the Americans it seems some of the OSS communications were read by the Germans and their Finnish and Hungarian allies.
Since OSS was in the business of dealing in secrets such a security compromise must have had important consequences.

The British learned through an agent of theirs that OSS codes were compromised and were distrustful of the OSS organization.

Moreover the OSS people were warned by General Schellenberg of the SD that their codes were being read but instead of doing something about it they decided it was a provocation…

...

Höttl was head of SD foreign intelligence  for Southeastern Europe.


From ‘U.S. intelligence and the Nazis’ by Richard Breitman, p25
By the time the COI became the OSS in 1942, high officials had recognized the value of having a well-stocked base in neutral Switzerland, nearly surrounded by the Axis powers, prepared to defend itself if attacked, but otherwise steering a delicately balanced course. Switzerland had so many economic links with both Germany and Italy that there was bound to be leakage of information through corporate channels. Prominent exiles from Nazi Germany in the country still had lines of information into Berlin. The  Swiss government, the International Red Cross, and the Bank of International Settlements might each yield some Nazi secrets if the right people plied their officials. Dulles had just the right qualifications. He almost left for Switzerland too late the journey was strewn with obstacles, and Dulles barely made it across the French border before Germany shut off this route in response to the Allied invasion of French North Africa. Dulles was given the cover of being special assistant to the American minister in Bern, Leland Harrison. Dulles had regular contact with Embassy officials, including Harrison; he even used some State Department codes when his own facilities for communication with Washington were overloaded.
...

From ‘History of MI-6’, p511:

The potential for disaster was demonstrated by Dulles's first contact with the Abwehr representative, Hans Bernd Gisevius, in January 1943, which he reported back to Washington on a cypher which the British ascertained (through their Polish agent Halina Szymariska) had been broken by the Germans. In the middle of April Dulles told Vanden Heuvel that he had seen Gisevius, who had just returned from Berlin and had told him that forty large flying boats had recently been built in Rotterdam to be used for the heavy bombing of London manned by suicide squads. Despite having been alerted to the problem with the cypher, Dulles had reported this to Washington in two telegrams. Dansey thought that Dulles had been 'stuffed' by a deliberate piece of German disinformation. Clearly agitated, he told Vanden Heuvel: 'could you report to the fool [Dulles] who knows his code was compromised if he has used that code to report meetings with anyone, Germans probably identified persons concerned and use them for stuffing. He swallows easily.

...

Conclusion

What can we conclude from the information presented so far?

First of all the OSS station used diplomatic codes when their own systems were overloaded or simply for reasons of convenience. The Germans could read State Department codes Gray, Brown, A1, C1 and the M-138 strip. OSS messages enciphered with these systems were vulnerable in 1941-44. This is proven not only by the German testimonies but also the decoded message of Allen Dulles and the messages in the Finnish national archives.
The OSS also had available their own codes, which included a set of M-138 strips in 1944. It is not clear if the Germans could read these.

OSS communications were read not only by the Germans but also by the Finns and the Hungarians. It is not clear what systems the Hungarians could decode. However Höttl praised the work of their codebreakers in his book.
The information we have uncovered so far points to considerable security problems for OSS communications from Berne. The full story however is not known.

| - - - - 

{ Exterminations ? what exterminations? }

http://www.ihr.org/jhr/v05/v05p215_Gleason.html
The 'Holocaust' and the Failure of Allied and  Jewish Responses: The Logic Of Disbelief
K. C. Gleason
...


It appears, then, that in the intelligence sphere the accounts of mass killings lacked credibility. Even if some analysts suspected that Germans randomly shot Jews, Slavs, Poles and others considered racially inferior by the Reich government, a quantum leap of faith was required to accept tales of Europe-wide extermination.

If the reports had at that time been accorded the respect and credibility they have acquired since the war, some attempt to warn Europe's Jews would almost certainly have been inaugurated. Yet those agencies (the OSS, MI-6, and others) privy to the most secret communications throughout the far-flung Reich failed to attempt even rudimentary leaflet campaigns for this purpose.27

Even American officials like Roswell McClelland, who found the term "deportation" pregnant with evil meaning, kept their suspicions mostly to themselves. "One wonders why... It's something I've never entirely explained to myself," McClelland says in answer to the question of why he didn't mobilize others to act on his "gut feelings."28

McClelland was stationed in Switzerland during the war as War Refugee Board (WRB) representative at the American Consulate in Bern.

In addition to his work on behalf of war refugees, including Jews, he often communicated, he says, with the Switzerland-based OSS chief, Allen Dulles.

McClelland is widely acclaimed for having transmitted to Washington from his post in Bern the report of two Slovakian Jewish escapees from Auschwitz. (This report was later to gain notoriety as the main evidentiary feature of the "WRB Report.") His remarks to this writer on his failure to propose the obvious -- a massive warning campaign for the Jews -- are all the more puzzling for it. They underscore that fact that although some people in rumor-choked Switzerland had a "gut" suspicion that extermination was taking place, their actual behavior did not reflect such concerns. Pressed on his inaction, McClelland offers little. "You had intimations," he recalled rather weakly. "But then you were swept on, and there was a lot of [other] work to do. [The extermination allegations] sort of faded to the background."29
...

| - - - -


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultra
Ultra was the designation adopted by British military intelligence in June 1941 for wartime signals intelligence obtained by breaking high-level encrypted enemy radio and teleprinter communications at the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park.[1] Ultra eventually became the standard designation among the western Allies for all such intelligence. The name arose because the intelligence thus obtained was considered more important than that designated by the highest British security classification then used (Most Secret) and so was regarded as being Ultra secret.[2] Several other cryptonyms had been used for such intelligence. British intelligence first designated it Boniface—presumably to imply that it was the result of human intelligence.[citation needed] The U.S. used the codename Magic for its decrypts from Japanese sources.
...

http://emperors-clothes.com/articles/randy/swas3.htm
...
Nazis in the attic
By Randy Davis

...

THE BUGGING OF WALL STREET

Aarons and Loftus' research, which documents the Dulles brothers' pro-Nazi activities, did not go unnoticed. "Before his death, former Supreme Court Justice Arthur Goldberg granted one of the authors an interview. Justice Goldberg had served in U.S. intelligence during World War II. Although he said little in public, he had collected information on the Dulles boys' activities over the years. His verdict was blunt. 'The Dulles brothers were traitors.' They had betrayed their country, by giving aid and comfort to the enemy in time of war." (2)

Much of what is now known about the activities of the Dulles brothers and other American Nazi collaborators in banking and industry came as a result of a top-secret joint U.S.-British intelligence program known as the Ultra Project. "Prior to the United States' entry into the war," write Loftus and Aarons, "Roosevelt permitted British intelligence to wiretap American targets.

"According to our sources in the intelligence community, the area of coverage included a good bit of the New York financial district, several floors of Rockefeller Plaza, part of the RCA Building, two prominent clubs, and various shipping firms. . . .

"The wiretap unit reported to Sir William Stephenson, a Canadian electronics genius better known by his code name, 'Intrepid.' From his headquarters in the Rockefeller building, Stephenson's job was to identify U.S. companies that were aiding the Nazis." (3)

"Several months before the United States declared war," continue Loftus and Aarons, "Bill Donovan invited Allen Dulles to head up the New York branch of the Office of the Coordinator of Information (COI), President Roosevelt's new intelligence agency and the precursor to the Office of Strategic Services (OSS). Its primary mission was to collect information against the Nazis and their collaborators. In other words, Dulles was asked to inform on his own clients in New York. . . ."

"Roosevelt had approved his selection as head of the COI Manhattan branch because he wanted Dulles where the British wiretappers could keep an eye on him. . . .

"One floor below Dulles was Stephenson's wiretap shop. Inside Dulles's operation was one of Roosevelt's spies, Arthur Goldberg . . ." who, "confirmed . . . that Dulles's appointment was a setup. . . .

"Roosevelt was giving Dulles enough rope to hang himself. From Stephenson's Manhattan wiretaps, it is known that Dulles was continuing to work with his German business clients, who wanted to remove Hitler and install a puppet of their own who would make peace with the West while forging an alliance against Stalin. It was to be a kinder, gentler Third Reich, favorably disposed to American financial interests. . . . (4)

"The wiretap evidence against Dulles originally was collected by a special section of Operation Safehaven, the U.S. Treasury Department's effort to trace the movement of stolen Nazi booty towards the end of the war. Roosevelt and Treasury Secretary Henry Morganthau had set up Dulles by giving him the one assignment - intelligence chief in Switzerland - where he would be most tempted to aid his German clients with their money laundering."

Roosevelt had one thing in mind: "The sudden release of the Safehaven intercepts would force a public outcry to bring treason charges against those British and American businessmen who aided the enemy in time of war." Among the targets were Allen Dulles, Henry Ford, and other U.S. industrialists. (5)

The plan failed, however, due to Dulles being "tipped off . . . that he was under surveillance" in time to cover his tracks. One possible source of the leak was Vice President Henry Wallace, "who constantly shared information with his brother-in-law, the Swiss minister in Washington during the war."
...

http://www.orlandosentinel.com/bal-bs-wb-patrick-henr-i20090921132308-photo.html
(http://www.trbimg.com/img-5143fced/turbine/bal-bs-wb-patrick-henr-i20090921132308/510/510x510)
Ilo Browne Wallace, wife of Vice President Henry A. Wallace, with Mrs. Robert H. Jackson, wife of the Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, and Madame Bruggmann, wife of the Minister of Switzerland and sister of the vice president. The three sponsored the christening of the first Liberty... (Baltimore Sun file photo / September 27, 1941)
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 05, 2015, 03:09:53 pm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cordelia_Hood
Cordelia Hood (née Dodson) (1913–2011) was an American counter-intelligence agent with the Office of Strategic Services (O.S.S.) during the Second World War and was employed by the Central Intelligence Agency for similar work during the Cold War.

A native of Portland, Oregon, Cordelia Dodson graduated from Reed College in 1936 and then completed a Master's Degree in German at Reed.

She married a fellow CIA officer William J. Hood, who was chief of station in Frankfurt and later West Berlin during the 1950s. Trento in his research found that Mrs. Hood was considered a very competent officer.

She later divorced Hood, but remained in the CIA until she retired in 1970. After that she continued to work on contract with the CIA for another decade.

She died of respiratory failure at her home in Damariscotta, Maine on July 14, 2011.

Sisterhood of Spies: The Women of the OSS
 By Elizabeth P. McIntosh (https://books.google.com/books?id=7wHWT3WT_rYC&pg=PA178&lpg=PA178&dq=cordelia+hood&source=bl&ots=H0cEd0OkTg&sig=KIdhGSZv53nzSRwv5N4P8iRyohk&hl=en&sa=X&ei=rvuqVNrlKIKpNuO-hJAH&ved=0CD4Q6AEwCg#v=onepage&q=cordelia%20hood&f=false)

http://www.reed.edu/reed_magazine/in-memoriam/obituaries/december2011/cordelia-dodson-hood-1936.html
...
Cordelia earned an MA from Reed and went to Washington, D.C., where she got a job in the Military Intelligence Department. “I was so upset about what was happening in Europe that I wanted to help in some way.” She was then recruited into the Office of Strategic Services. Her knowledge of German and French brought her into intelligence and counterintelligence work with future CIA director Allen Dulles in Berne, Switzerland.

Fieldwork for the OSS involved incredible challenges, such as transporting prisoners via secret night flights and using “ultra material,” including the Enigma cryptographic machine in London. “So many things I did at that time, I did without thinking; I just didn’t have time to think about fear.” (Her work was mentioned in the book Sisterhood of Spies: The Women of the OSS.)

In Switzerland, she met her future husband, fellow OSS operative William J. Hood. Following the war, the couple worked in Vienna for the newly formed CIA. Cordelia’s intelligence duties took her to various locations in central and western Europe until 1980, when she retired to a home at Pemaquid Point, on the coast of Maine. Her marriage to William dissolved in 1975. “Reed stayed very much with me, and what training I had in using my brain and  examining what I was being told was very useful in working in the intelligence world. It’s thinking habits that are very important, to be analytical and seeking as much factual material as you can find, which is what you wind up doing if you’re an analyst in the intelligence world. You’re trying to find facts and you’re trying to find information that your opposing country doesn’t want you to find.” Cordelia moved to Damariscotta in 1998 to live with her beloved sister, who survives her.
...

http://lincolncountynewsonline.com/print.asp?ArticleID=46709&SectionID=1&SubSectionID=75
This WWII Vet Wore A Fur Coat
By Joe Gelarden
Wednesday, November 4, 2009

(http://www.mygen.com/images/46709a.jpg)
As the nation pauses to remember and honor the military veterans, especially those of "the Greatest Generation," they might take a moment to offer thanks to women, like the tiny Damariscotta woman who spent World War II in London, France, and Switzerland serving her country.

Cordelia Hood, now 93, sometimes wore a fur coat when she parlayed her talent for languages (French and German), a bit of spunk, and a lot of brains into a job with the OSS.

She was a spy.

As the bombs and buzz bombs rained down on London, she learned to sleep despite the racket and danger. Later she boarded a secret flight into France with Chuck Yeager, and worked for American spymaster Allen Dulles in Switzerland.

Along the way, she had several adventures that would make James Bond sit up and take notice, like her adventure with a college pal, and frequent dancing partner, Italian fashion designer Emilio Pucci (yes, that Pucci).

As the war wound down, Pucci, a member of an old and powerful Italian family, sought American help as he tried to smuggle Mussolini's eldest daughter and her kids out of Italy, after the Germans executed her husband, a former Italian foreign minister.

Dulles, who later headed the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), wanted to get his hands on the former foreign minister's diary, she said. "Mr. Dulles wanted information out of the diary to use at the Nuremberg war trials of German leaders," she said.

When she speaks of Dulles, she always calls him Mister Dulles.

She said she had known Pucci from college where they were both skiers. He later became an Italian Air Force pilot then switched sides toward the end of the war.

"Emilio was a dashing character and a beautiful dancer. We loved to dance. He was very mad when I married my husband (another Office of Strategic Services (OSS) agent)," she said with a twinkle in her eye.

Cordelia Hood was in her 20s and attending a German college when the Nazi's took over.

Her father wanted her to come back to the states. Instead, she took a river cruise and went skiing.

When she finally came back to Washington, D.C., her language skills took her to the Pentagon. When she figured out she could go back to Europe, she signed on with the OSS, the main American intelligence gathering organization. It was the forerunner of the CIA.

In London, she worked on several top-secret projects becoming one of the few people that knew the British had captured a super secret German cipher machine known as "Enigma."

"We were able to break the German Naval codes. This saved thousands of American lives and hundreds of ships. Breaking the Luftwaffe's secret code allowed us to pin point their air attacks," she said.

In London, she said she worked in a big building that had been bombed so many times, the winter wind blew through the cracks in the walls. When she and her friends got off work in the evening, the streetlights were off so they walked with flashlights on the way to the station where they rode the underground (subway) home.
...

"My friend and I gathered all the oranges up. When we went to the underground stations, we placed an orange next to each sleeping child. It was the least we could do," she said.

She still remembers the "doodlebugs," the V-1 flying rocket bombs that targeted London. "You would hear their motors. When they shut off, you dove into a doorway or some other cover. That was when they glided down and exploded. Later, when the V-2 rockets were shot at London for the first time, British officials tried to conceal their existence by telling the public the explosions were gas mains blowing up.

"They were terrible. One landed on an area where American soldiers like to go. Awful," she said shaking her head.

After a while in London, she was ordered to Switzerland, where Dulles was the station chief.

She flew into Lyon on a midnight mission to deliver two former German POWs into Switzerland. The two were on a mission to sneak into Germany to measure the height of the Rhine River as part of the preparations for the Allied invasion.

She flew on the same plane with Chuck Yeager, an American ace fighter pilot who later was the first man to fly faster than the speed of sound.

"The fighting was still going on. The runway was potholed from bombs. Yeager praised the pilot, an injured fighter pilot doing duty flying a transport, for his skill. Yeager said he did it despite having a belly full of shrapnel," she said.

The Americans in Switzerland were supposed to send a car for her and the two Germans, but the Battle of the Bulge broke out and they were afraid they would get stopped so they stayed home. The situation called for a bit of initiative, she explained.

"I thumbed a ride with a GI for myself, and my two German speakers.

"I had to keep them from speaking German. You see, the French hated the Germans and everybody thought there were still a lot of German infiltrators around. You are going to get us shot if you don't quit speaking German," she said she told the two.

Along the way, the GI told her to sit in the front seat. If the border guards stopped us, he told her to pretend she was his French girlfriend.  "I was wearing my grey fur coat and looked the part," she said.

Although Switzerland was a neutral country, the Germans were permitted to do anything they wanted as long as they did not do anything against the Swiss. So could the Americans.

One of her chores was to find clothing for downed US pilots.
"They would land their crippled ships in Switzerland, and the Swiss would confiscate all war materials, including the pilot's flying suits. Sometimes they were left only their skivvies," she laughed.

After the war, she said the OSS became the CIA. She and her husband moved to Europe as they worked as Cold War warriors. "We started working against the Germans, but all along, we were working against the Russians. They were our allies, but were working against us all along," she said.

Along the way, she and her husband, a Portland, Maine native, bought a house at Pemaquid Point. When they divorced, she got the Maine house.

Today, the retired spy lives with her sister on the banks of the Damariscotta River where she recently reflected on her long career in the intelligence community.

"I met such interesting people," she said. "It was fascinating work. That is all I can say."





Allen Dulles: Master of Spies  By James Srodes (https://books.google.com/books?id=RIaw7GYDFmwC&pg=PA230&lpg=PA230&dq=Cordelia+Hood&source=bl&ots=A15fPygcKH&sig=SLz8YU2JGDo0KpJNjQsyELI3DdQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=Ae6qVLj3BMGpNrqPg-gH&ved=0CDgQ6AEwCA#v=onepage&q=Cordelia%20Hood&f=false)

http://www.swissbankclaims.com/documents/doc_15_bergier_refugee.pdf

Independent Commission of Experts
Switzerland – Second World War
Switzerland and Refugees in the Nazi Era

A Spy at the Heart of the Third Reich: The Extraordinary Story of Fritz Kolbe... (https://books.google.com/books?id=PerFm77zs_4C&pg=PA258&lpg=PA258&dq=dulles+enigma+machine+swiss+codes&source=bl&ots=owGazBMpPI&sig=xNGY9MVEi1QiY6RCU3t18dMWWnk&hl=en&sa=X&ei=ruaqVMyLAYOZNuH2gogB&ved=0CEQQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=dulles%20enigma%20machine%20swiss%20codes&f=false)
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 05, 2015, 04:37:57 pm
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=L_XVbz1v6Jo
Nazi Rat Line & Devil`s Pass from Swiss Red Cross for Eichmann, Mengele, Barbie, Priebke & Klement - YouTube

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7sFnI7dX4KY
Madam Peron In Italy AKA Eva Peron Interview Rome (1947)
Published on Apr 13, 2014
Rome, Italy. Commentary in Italian (Eva Peron speaks in Spanish)


https://www.pinterest.com/pin/52424783136832743/
(http://media-cache-ec0.pinimg.com/736x/64/15/71/64157156e0ce32426afea5e44bc0b844.jpg)
Eva Peron, First Lady of Argentina, leaving the Vatican following an audience with Pope Pius XII, 29 June 1947

(https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/61/13/63/61136371adec9933ac7b68d54e60e50e.jpg)
Senora Peron escorted by Dr Etter, President of the Federal Council, during a reception at the latter's house in Lucerne. June 1947

http://cluesforum.info/viewtopic.php?t=1511&p=2378399
EVITA PERON
http://www.ilpost.it/2012/07/26/evita-peron-a-60-anni-dalla-morte/a-wave-for-milan-2/
(http://www.ilpost.it/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/3095253_101.jpg)
Evita Perón a Milano, 6 (July) luglio 1947 (Keystone/Getty Images)

https://consortiumnews.com/1999/c010699a.html
Evita, Swiss & the Nazis
By Georg Hodel

This story is based, in part, on a Swiss German-language documentary directed by Frank Garbely and entitled "Evitas Geheimnis - Die Schweizer Reise."

On June 6, 1947, Argentina's first lady Eva Peron left for a glittering tour of Europe.

The glamorous ex-actress was feted in Spain, kissed the ring of Pope Pius XII at the Vatican and hobnobbed with the rich-and-famous in the mountains of Switzerland.

Eva Peron, known as "Evita" by her adoring followers, was superficially on a trip to strengthen diplomatic, business and cultural ties between Argentina and important leaders of Europe.

But there was a parallel mission behind the high-profile trip, one that has contributed to a half century of violent extremism in Latin America.

According to records now emerging from Swiss archives and the investigations of Nazi hunters, an unpublicized side of Evita's world tour was coordinating the network for helping Nazis relocate in Argentina.
...
Besides blemishing the Evita legend, the evidence threatens to inflict more damage on Switzerland's image for plucky neutrality. The international banking center is still staggering from disclosures about its wartime collaboration with Adolf Hitler and Swiss profiteering off his Jewish victims.

The archival records indicate that Switzerland's assistance to Hitler's henchmen didn't stop with the collapse of the Third Reich.

And the old Swiss-Argentine-Nazi connection reaches to the present in another way. Spanish "superjudge" Baltasar Garzon is seeking to open other Swiss records on bank accounts controlled by Argentine military officers who led the so-called "Dirty War" that killed and "disappeared" tens of thousands of Argentines between 1976-83.

...


Newly released documents from Argentina’s Central Bank showed that during the war, the Swiss Central Bank and a dozen Swiss private banks maintained suspicious gold accounts in Argentina. Among the account holders was Jacques-Albert Cuttat.

,...

On June 19, 1947, in the midst of Evita's trip, the first of Dodero's ships, the “Santa Fe,” arrived in Buenos Aires and disgorged hundreds of Nazis onto the docks of their new country.

Over the next few years, Dodero's boats would carry thousands of Nazis to South America, including some of Hitler's vilest war criminals, the likes of Mengele and Eichmann, according to Argentine historian Jorge Camarasa.

On August 4, 1947, Evita and her entourage headed north to the stately city of Geneva, a center for international finance. There, she participated in more meetings with key figures from the Nazi escape apparatus.

A Swiss diplomat named Jacques-Albert Cuttat welcomed the onetime torch singer. The meeting was a reunion of sorts, since Evita had known Cuttat when he worked at the Swiss Legation in Argentina from 1938 to 1946.

Newly released documents from Argentina’s Central Bank showed that during the war, the Swiss Central Bank and a dozen Swiss private banks maintained suspicious gold accounts in Argentina. Among the account holders was Jacques-Albert Cuttat.

The Swiss files accused Cuttat of conducting unauthorized private business and maintaining questionable wartime contacts with known Nazis. In spite of those allegations, the Swiss government promoted Cuttat to chief of protocol of the Swiss Foreign Service, after his return from Argentina to Switzerland.

In that capacity, Cuttat escorted Eva Peron to meetings with senior Swiss officials. The pair went to see Foreign Minister Max Petitpierre and Philipp Etter, the Swiss president.

Etter extended a warm welcome to Evita, even accompanying her the next day on a visit to the city of Lucerne, “the doorway to the Swiss Alps.”

After her "official" duties had ended, Evita dropped out of public view. Supposedly, she joined some friends for rest and recreation in the mountains of St. Moritz.
...

[ She knew too much ... ]
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2022405/Eva-Peron-lobotomy-just-died.html
Eva Peron 'had a lobotomy' just before she died
By Ted Thornhill
Updated: 08:25 EST, 4 August 2011

She was the darling of a nation and died at 33 at the height of her popularity, but now it’s been revealed that Eva Peron probably spent her last few months in a much-altered mental state.

Evidence has emerged that she was given a lobotomy to help her cope with the cancer that eventually ended her life in July 1952.

...
We have uncovered evidence that led us to believe she underwent a prefrontal lobotomy to relieve the pain, agitation and anxiety she suffered in the final months of her illness,’ Daniel Nijensohn, an Argentine-born neurosurgeon at Yale University told the Daily Telegraph.



Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 05, 2015, 07:20:07 pm
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/nov/24/cornelius-gurlitt-swiss-museum-art-collection-nazi-loot
Swiss museum accepts part of Nazi art trove with ‘sorrow’
Kunstmuseum Bern chief emphasises bequest from Cornelius Gurlitt excludes works suspected of having been looted

The president of a Swiss fine art museum has described the anguish surrounding its decision to accept a collection of modernist masterpieces bequeathed by the son of a Nazi-era art dealer.

Christoph Schäublin said it had “triggered no feelings of triumph” that the of the Kunstmuseum Bern was to take on the artworks that were recently discovered in the home of German recluse Cornelius Gurlitt.

The museum chief’s remarks followed an agreement signed in Berlin on Monday between Germany and Switzerland which will see Bern taking on several hundred works from the collection – much of which works amassed during the Nazi era and included paintings and drawings by Marc Chagall, Claude Monet and Pablo Picasso.
...
Gurlitt, who died in May aged 81, had bequeathed his entire collection to the Kunstmuseum Bern, Switzerland’s oldest art museum.

The collection was discovered in his Munich flat in February 2012. It was confiscated by the Bavarian authorities and was at the centre of legal wranglings because of the works taken illegally by the Nazis.

Gurlitt’s father, Hildebrandt, was an art dealer who was allowed to buy and sell works classified as “degenerate” by the Nazis.
...

“He spent a lot of his youth in Bern,” Frehner said. “As we have since been able to piece together, it was relatively early on that he considered giving his works to us.”

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hildebrand_Gurlitt
Hildebrand Gurlitt (15 September 1895 – 9 November 1956) was a German art dealer and art historian who traded in "degenerate art" during the Nazi era.[1] His collection of 1,406 works (by Marc Chagall, Paul Klee, Henri Matisse, and Pablo Picasso, among others) was confiscated in 2012 by Bavarian authorities from the apartment of his son, Cornelius Gurlitt.[2]
...
Gurlitt was arrested by the Allies near Bamberg in 1945, hiding in the castle of Baron von Pollnitz. He turned down an offer from the baron to hide his art collection in a new secret place. Or so he let a writer know. What we now know is that he did successfully hide more than 1,000 paintings—or his teenage son did. It is possible they were cached in France. Gurlitt's chief job on the Confiscation Committee was to work in Paris during the war, where he lived from 1941 to 1945 in the Hotel de Jersey. He had two ways of collecting for Hitler's Fuehrermuseum. One was to visit abandoned Jewish homes and remove their artworks; his licence was a Nazi law declaring that French nationals who had fled had lost French citizenship. The other was to spend Reichsmarks at the Drouot auction house in Paris, where distress sales were big business. Gurlitt was no small buyer. He paid more than one million French francs for the four most expensive paintings in the highest-value Paris sale of the war—the Georges Viau Impressionists auctioned by Etienne Ader between 11 and 14 December 1942, which fetched £922,000 in wartime values (equivalent to approximately £37493.3 million in 2014). The sale's top price of 5m francs was paid by Gurlitt for Cezanne's Vallee de l'Arc et Mont Sainte Victoire. It demonstrated Nazi purchasing power. Unfortunately the tiny painting, for which Gurlitt gave 94 times the then record for a Cezanne, proved to be a fake

,,,
Under interrogation after capture, Gurlitt and his mother told United States Army authorities that in the February 1945 fire bombing of Dresden, his collection and his documentation of art transactions had been largely destroyed at his home in Kaitzer Strasse.
...
Assessed as a victim of Nazi persecution due to his Jewish heritage, he was released and continued trading art works until his death in a car crash in 1956
...


On 22 September 2010, German customs officials at the German–Switzerland border found €9,000 in cash on his son Cornelius Gurlitt, which led to a search warrant in 2011 for his apartment in Schwabing, Munich.[20]

On 28 February 2012 they found 1,406 artworks, with a present estimated worth of one billion Euros (approx. $1.3 billion).

Initial reports by the German magazine Focus and others stated that the discovery happened early 2011, but customs officials corrected that during a press conference. Presently being cataloged in a secure warehouse in Garching, 300 of the works were exhibited in the Degenerate Art Exhibition in 1937 in Munich. Cornelius Gurlitt sold Lion Tamer at an auction in Cologne shortly before the collection was seized. Authorities initially banned reporting on the raid, which only came to light in 2013
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: larsonstdoc on January 05, 2015, 08:31:41 pm
Barclays is a BIS Central Bank and Jeb Bush has just left a million a year job with Barclays ( and What could Jeb have possibly have done that would be worth a Million for a Bank? Barclays also has Barclays Global Investors (BGI)   in Geneva  and Zurich... 

At Barclays we know that wealth means different things to different people. (https://wealth.barclays.com/en_ch/home/switzerland-campaign.html)

As a client you are connected to the entire Barclays Group, a major global network with offices in over 50 countries, employing 135,000 people. Our service is built on over 300 years of careful financial management and broad banking expertise.

Based in Geneva since 1986, Barclays Bank (Suisse) SA caters to clients in over 40 countries and employs over 350 professionals. We offer services in international and private banking, investment management, investment finance and wealth structuring. We look forward to welcoming you to our offices in Geneva or in Zurich.



https://wealth.barclays.com/en_gb/home/others/contactus/global/europe/switzerland/zurich.html
Barclays Bank (Suisse) SA Zurich Branch

Beethovenstrasse 19
P.O.Box 
8027 Zurich
Switzerland

Opening hours 9.00 am to 5.00 pm  Monday to Friday.

http://www.professionalpensions.com/global-pensions/news/1451410/barclays-global-investors-swiss-office-geneva
Barclays Global Investors opens Swiss office in Geneva
By: Archive Archive 
14 Jul 2005

SWITZERLAND - Barclays Global Investors (BGI) has established a local presence in Switzerland with the opening of an office in Geneva. Although BGI already manages e4.5bn for Swiss investors, including Publica and the City of Zurich, the establishment of BGI(Suisse) S.A, marks the first time the investment management firm has had a presence on the ground in the country.

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2014-10-08/barclays-to-pay-20-million-cooperate-with-libor-plaintiffs-1-.html

Barclays to Pay $20 Million, Assist Libor Plaintiffs
By Bob Van Voris  Oct 9, 2014 12:09 AM PT

Barclays Plc (BARC) agreed to pay $20 million and cooperate with a group of Eurodollar-futures traders suing other banks, to settle litigation over manipulation of the benchmark London interbank offered rate.
...
The plaintiffs’ lawyers argued in support of the settlement, the first in the U.S. antitrust litigation over Libor-linked investments, that they intend it to act as an “ice-breaker” encouraging other defendants to settle

| - - -

http://www.vanityfair.com/online/daily/2014/04/jeb-bush-money-president
9:41 AM, April 21 2014 

Jeb Bush May Be Making Too Much Money to Bother Running for President
By Kia Makarechi

(http://i814.photobucket.com/albums/zz61/BOSMAN-PICS/Politicians/JEB-BUSH-EDUCATION-.jpg)

According to the Times, Bush has worked for or with Lehman Brothers, a soap maker whose books were cooked, and an Affordable Care Act-supporting hospital owner. He has raked in at least $3.2 million from board positions, charges $50,000 for speeches, and is said to be paid more than $1 million a year by Barclays, the firm that absorbed much of Lehman after Bush’s bid to have Mexican billionaire Carlos Slim Helú save the failing bank.
...

http://townhall.com/tipsheet/katiepavlich/2015/01/02/jeb-bush-resigns-from-board-positions-ahead-of-potential-2016-run-n1937931
Jeb Bush Resigns From Board Positions Ahead of Potential 2016 Run
Katie Pavlich | Jan 02, 2015

In case you missed it earlier this week, former Florida Governor Jeb Bush announced he has resigned from a number of different board positions, signaling another step toward a run for the White House is 2016.

...

  Amazing research TahoeBlue.


  Every RIGHT-THINKING American should hate what is being thrown at them right now.

  Jeb for the Republicans.

  Hillary for the Democrats.

  The lame stream media will try to butcher Jeb (who none of us should want) to strengthen FAT HOG HILLARY'S CHANCES FOR PRESIDENT (who no one should want).

  This is so evil---to even throw either of these crooks at the sheep.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 05, 2015, 10:59:55 pm
  Amazing research TahoeBlue.
  Every RIGHT-THINKING American should hate what is being thrown at them right now.

  Jeb for the Republicans.   Hillary for the Democrats.

  The lame stream media will try to butcher Jeb (who none of us should want) to strengthen FAT HOG HILLARY'S CHANCES FOR PRESIDENT (who no one should want).

  This is so evil---to even throw either of these crooks at the sheep.

Thank you , I am amazed at the connections that go back to before WWII  ...  Americans have not been in control of their destiny. It seems we are on a collision course that will not be corrected . Hillary still seems to be loved by the DMC and Jebby will not be rejected for GOP ... The MSM continues to give them complete cover no matter how bad it is ...  These people are all obviously crooks ... 
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 06, 2015, 12:42:08 pm
http://www.thelocal.at/20141031/swiss-sex-slave-seeks-asylum-in-austria
Switzerland sex slave seeks asylum in Austria
Published: 31 Oct 2014 11:27 GMT+01:00

A 19-year-old woman from Kosovo who was forced into prostitution and kept as a sex slave in a cellar in Switzerland for almost three years has sought asylum in Austria.

The woman, who managed to escape her tormentors a few weeks ago, sought refuge in Innsbruck, Tyrol, according to a report in the Tiroler Tageszeitung newspaper.

Officers at a police station in Innsbruck said they were amazed when the young woman came in on October 22nd and told them that in 2012 she had been given a date rape drug by a stranger, imprisoned in a cellar, and was then regularly forced to work as a prostitute in a bar in Switzerland.

“In addition to this she was often forced to take cocaine before working,” Christoph Hundertpfund from Tyrol police said in a press release that was sent out on Thursday.

According to the 19-year-old three other women were imprisoned with her and suffered a similar fate.

After hearing the woman’s story Austrian Federal Criminal Police immediately informed police in Switzerland, who carried out a search of a house in Switzerland that night, and arrested two men. They reportedly also seized a large amount of drugs.
...
Police could not confirm where in Switzerland she was being held, and said that the investigation is ongoing.

| - - - -

http://www.balkaneu.com/kosovars-considered-bosses-human-traffic-switzerland/
Kosovars are considered to be bosses of human traffic in Switzerland
By Elton Tota  /   29/05/2014  /   No Comments   

By Elton Tota

An annual report of the Swiss federal police published today in Berne, presents Kosovars as the main traffickers of human beings in this country. In 25% of the identified cases relating to this traffic, Kosovar citizens have been the ones that controlled this activity, notes the 2013 annual report of Swiss Federal Police. “It’s been a while that trafficking has assumed more sophisticated forms. It’s no longer made through illegal border crossing, but also through forged documents. These documents do not only serve for a simple entry to Switzerland, but also to secure a legal stay in this country”, reads the report. As far as the origin of the people involved in the traffic of human beings is concerned, according to the report, this offense is a very lucrative business especially in Kosovo. Kosovars consist of 25% of those accused of this activity in Switzerland, increasing their presence by 6% in the last year. The Syrians are ranked second with 5%.

| - - - - -

http://www.thelocal.ch/20130827/zurichs-drive-in-sex-boxes-off-to-slow-start
Zurich's drive-in 'sex boxes' off to slow start
Published: 27 Aug 2013 12:20 GMT+02:00

(http://l7world.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/08/Drive-in-Sex-Box.jpg)

Switzerland's first sex drive-in, aimed at creating a safer space for Zurich's sex workers and taking prostitution off the streets, opened for business on Monday to a big fanfare, but few customers.

...
The drive-in, which as darkness fell was bathed in colourful lights, has a track where the sex workers can show off their assets and negotiate a price, and nine so-called "sex boxes" where they and their clients can park and conclude the transaction.
   
 Machines looking like parking metres had been installed at the last minute.

 The prostitutes who work here will be required to contribute five francs ($5.40) each night in taxes to help Zurich cover the cost of running the place.
   
 The drive-in, which has room to accommodate around 50 prostitutes, will be open every night from 7pm until 5am and is one of three spaces in the city where prostitutes can work legally.

With the opening of the new site however, Sihlquai, Zurich's most notorious red-light street, where barely-dressed street-walkers have long openly plied their trade to the dismay of residents and businesses, has become off-limits to prostitution
...
The drive-in, approved by 52.6 percent of Zurich voters in a March 2012 referendum, is designed to be safer for the sex workers, with security guards on hand to ensure there is only one man in each car that enters as well alarm buttons in each "sex box", on-site doctors and social workers.
   
| - - - - -

http://journalistsresource.org/studies/international/human-rights/legalized-prostitution-human-trafficking-inflows#
...

A 2012 study published in World Development, “Does Legalized Prostitution Increase Human Trafficking?”
[ http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1986065 ]
investigates the effect of legalized prostitution on human trafficking inflows into high-income countries. The researchers — Seo-Yeong Cho of the German Institute for Economic Research, Axel Dreher of the University of Heidelberg and Eric Neumayer of the London School of Economics and Political Science — analyzed cross-sectional data of 116 countries to determine the effect of legalized prostitution on human trafficking inflows. In addition, they reviewed case studies of Denmark, Germany and Switzerland to examine the longitudinal effects of legalizing or criminalizing prostitution.

The study’s findings include:

Countries with legalized prostitution are associated with higher human trafficking inflows than countries where prostitution is prohibited. The scale effect of legalizing prostitution, i.e. expansion of the market, outweighs the substitution effect, where legal sex workers are favored over illegal workers.

On average, countries with legalized prostitution report a greater incidence of human trafficking inflows. The effect of legal prostitution on human trafficking inflows is stronger in high-income countries than middle-income countries. Because trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation requires that clients in a potential destination country have sufficient purchasing power, domestic supply acts as a constraint.

Criminalization of prostitution in Sweden resulted in the shrinking of the prostitution market and the decline of human trafficking inflows.

Cross-country comparisons of Sweden with Denmark (where prostitution is decriminalized) and Germany (expanded legalization of prostitution) are consistent with the quantitative analysis, showing that trafficking inflows decreased with criminalization and increased with legalization.

The type of legalization of prostitution does not matter — it only matters whether prostitution is legal or not. Whether third-party involvement (persons who facilitate the prostitution businesses, i.e, “pimps”) is allowed or not does not have an effect on human trafficking inflows into a country.

Legalization of prostitution itself is more important in explaining human trafficking than the type of legalization. Democracies have a higher probability of increased human-trafficking inflows than non-democratic countries.

There is a 13.4% higher probability of receiving higher inflows in a democratic country than otherwise. While trafficking inflows may be lower where prostitution is criminalized, there may be severe repercussions for those working in the industry. For example, criminalizing prostitution penalizes sex workers rather than the people who earn most of the profits (pimps and traffickers). “The likely negative consequences of legalised prostitution on a country’s inflows of human trafficking might be seen to support those who argue in favour of banning prostitution, thereby reducing the flows of trafficking,” the researchers state. “However, such a line of argumentation overlooks potential benefits that the legalisation of prostitution might have on those employed in the industry. Working conditions could be substantially improved for prostitutes — at least those legally employed — if prostitution is legalised. Prohibiting prostitution also raises tricky ‘freedom of choice’ issues concerning both the potential suppliers and clients of prostitution services.”

http://budapesttimes.hu/2011/09/26/hungarian-prostitutes-flooding-to-zurich/
Hungarian prostitutes flooding to Zurich
26. September 2011 - by Tanya Hogan in Region · Remembrance Day   

In most cases, the women were pushed onto the street by brothers, uncles, cousins or even husbands

Prostitutes from Hungary are increasingly being sent to work in the red-light district on Sihlquai in the centre of Zurich, but they don’t see themselves as victims of trafficking, according to a Swiss researcher.
..
55 out of 56 Hungarian

Out of 56 applications recently submitted by sex workers in Zurich to the Office for Economy and Labour (AWA), all but one were from Hungarian women. The other application came from a Romanian, Der Sonntag newspaper reported.


,...
Johns ‘brutal’

“I met women in Hungary who said to me they will never return to Switzerland as the men there are so brutal.”
Finger said the women were often afraid of the police, their customers, and the challenges posed by living in Switzerland. “They feel illegal even though they are not doing anything illegal.”

Zurich prosecutor Silvia Steiner is also aware of the problems Hungarian prostitutes face in Switzerland.
“The dilemma for me is that the women deny they are victims of human trafficking,” she said.

Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: larsonstdoc on January 06, 2015, 01:04:02 pm
^^^^^^

  The Swiss are crazier than we Americans.

  The public actually voted in a SEX DRIVE IN.

  Insane.

 

 
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 06, 2015, 01:56:37 pm
http://toprightnews.com/?p=1002
John McCain Hangs Out with Old Pal George Soros in Switzerland
(http://toprightnewscom.c.presscdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/01/soros-mccain-01.jpg)
Above: Sen. John McCain (R-AZ) talks with the Godfather of far-left politics, George Soros at the World Economic Forum in Davos on January 24, 2014.  (Photo credit: ERIC PIERMONT/AFP/Getty Images)

by John Urban | Top Right News

As Republicans in his home state of Arizona were censuring him for supporting far-left policies like amnesty, John McCain was in Switzerland, reminding them why they were right to do so.

McCain met for a long and friendly conversation with none other than George Soros, the primary funder of the most far-left outfits pushing illegal alien amnesty, ObamaCare, Common Core indoctrination, and suppression of gun rights in America.

McCain’s support for amnesty for tens for millions of illegal aliens was a key motivator for Arizona Republicans to censure him in an unprecedented rebuke. Soros is a principal funder of the Center for American Progress and National Council of La Raza (“The Race”)  — the largest non-profits on the left pushing for amnesty.
...


http://www.veteranstoday.com/2013/08/15/john-mccains-wife-hiding-war-profits-untaxed-off-shore-accounts/
John McCain’s Wife Hiding War Profits, Untaxed Off-Shore Accounts?
Posted by Stew Webb on August 15, 2013

Federal agents: Cindy McCain’s full tax returns will show war profits, pre-9/11 insider trading, secret off-shore accounts linked to 1241 Class C Nevada corporation payoffs and bribes (Real Corp Realty)

By Tom Flocco Edited and updated since 2008 by Stew Webb Columnist Veterans Today

Washington—According to a high-placed federal agent actively based in Washington, DC who spoke with federal whistleblower Stewart Webb, Republican presidential candidate and Senate Armed Services Ranking Member John McCain’s wife Cindy Hensley McCain’s multiple undisclosed federal income tax returns will reveal millions in Iraq War military procurement contract profits involving Hensley & Co. (Hensley Beer), Mrs. McCain’s large Anheuser-Busch beer distribution firm.


In more shocking allegations which media and Democratic congressional leaders have failed to investigate, a U.S. intelligence authority with scores of federal contacts, said federal agents also know that Mrs. McCain made millions in insider short-sale profits involving Swiss re-insurance put option stock orders placed prior to the September 11 attacks—profits of death which have remained untaxed by the U.S. government and raise questions as to her 9/11 tip-off.

Federal agents alleges Cindy McCain’s complete 2001 tax return would also reveal that she has a secret offshore 1241 corporation set up with “private trust accounts established by Senator McCain’s late ‘Keating Five’ scandal (Stew Webb Exposed) and Bush 41 money launderer Leonard Millman who was also Stewart Webb’s father-in-law—all of which screams for a federal probe of Real Corp Realty.

Agents also alleged that Mrs. McCain has made millions from a joint business enterprise with both Hillary and Bill Clinton and Fox News billionaire Ruppert Murdoch which involves a pornographic website with its 1241 corporate headquarters in the Cayman Islands. Leonard Millman financed Ruppert Murdoch  Media Empire with from ongoing Iran-Contra Narcotics Money Laundering.
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 06, 2015, 02:27:47 pm
http://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/how-the-clintons-went-from-dead-broke-to-rich-bill-earned-1049-million-for-speeches/2014/06/26/8fa0b372-fd3a-11e3-8176-f2c941cf35f1_story.html
How the Clintons went from ‘dead broke’ to rich: Bill earned $104.9 million for speeches

Over seven frenetic days, Bill Clinton addressed corporate executives in Switzerland and Denmark, an investors’ group in Sweden and a cluster of business and political leaders in Austria. The former president wrapped up his European trip in the triumphant Spanish Hall at Prague Castle, where he shared his thoughts on energy to a Czech business summit.

His pay: $1.4 million.
...
http://investmenttodayer.blogspot.com/2014/06/bill-clinton-investment-banking.html
Bill Clinton Investment Banking
(http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/47199000/jpg/_47199432_clinton_swiss.jpg)

UBS Wealth Successful Conclusion Of Small Business Advisory ...
President Bill Clinton. “Together, my Foundation and UBS worked with ten small businesses in New York to marketing, human resources, operations and Investment Banking divisions  ... Read Content

see:
http://www.americanbanker.com/issues/164_219/-115388-1.html
Anason, Dean, “Clinton Enacts Glass-Steagall Repeal,” American Banker, November 15, 1999.

http://www.swissre.com/media/news_releases/nr_20130924_Clinton_Global_Initiative_Commitment.html
Growing Clinton Global Initiative commitment to action to build resilience in 100 resilient cities announced today

24 September 2013, New York
Partner Press Releases 

The Rockefeller Foundation, joined by Swiss Re, Palantir, American Institute of Architects, and Architecture for Humanity, advance a new vision for urban resilience globally


Today, during the opening plenary of the 2013 Clinton Global Initiative (CGI) Annual Meeting, President Bill Clinton announced a global Commitment to Action to the 100 Resilient Cities Centennial Challenge. The Commitment to Action, led by The Rockefeller Foundation and shared by Swiss Re, the American Institute of Architects (AIA), Architecture for Humanity, and Palantir, will support at least 100 cities to hire a Chief Resilience Officer (CRO), create a resilience strategy, and provide access to tools, technical support, and resources for implementation including access to innovative finance for infrastructure development. 100 Resilient Cities will also create a network for CROs to share information and best practice.

The Commitment to Action will be realized through a new organization, 100 Resilient Cities – Pioneered by The Rockefeller Foundation (100 Resilient Cities), which will coordinate both the network of cities as well as an innovative platform of services offered to network members. The first commitments these services have been made by Swiss Re, the AIA, Architecture for Humanity, and Palantir

About The Rockefeller Foundation
The Rockefeller Foundation aims to achieve equitable growth by expanding opportunity for more people in more places worldwide, and to build resilience by helping them prepare for, withstand, and emerge stronger from acute shocks and chronic stresses. Throughout its 100 year history, The Rockefeller Foundation has enhanced the impact of innovative thinkers and actors working to change the world by providing the resources, networks, convening power, and technologies to move them from idea to impact. In today's dynamic and interconnected world, The Rockefeller Foundation has a unique ability to address the emerging challenges facing humankind through innovation, intervention and influence in order to shape agendas and inform decision making.  For more information, please visit www.rockefellerfoundation.org.

Swiss Re
The Swiss Re Group is a leading wholesale provider of reinsurance, insurance and other insurance-based forms of risk transfer
. Dealing direct and working through brokers, its global client base consists of insurance companies, mid-to-large-sized corporations and public sector clients. From standard products to tailor-made coverage across all lines of business, Swiss Re deploys its capital strength, expertise and innovation power to enable the risk-taking upon which enterprise and progress in society depend. Founded in Zurich, Switzerland, in 1863, Swiss Re serves clients through a network of over 60 offices globally and is rated "AA-" by Standard & Poor's, "A1" by Moody's and "A+" by A.M. Best. Registered shares in the Swiss Re Group holding company, Swiss Re Ltd, are listed on the SIX Swiss Exchange and trade under the symbol SREN. For more information about Swiss Re Group, please visit: www.swissre.com or follow us on Twitter @SwissRe.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swiss_Re
Swiss Reinsurance Company Ltd,[2] generally known as Swiss Re, is a reinsurance company based in Zurich, Switzerland. It is the world’s second-largest reinsurer, after having acquired GE Insurance Solutions.[3] Founded in 1863, Swiss Re operates through offices in more than 25 countries. Swiss Re was ranked 127th in Forbes 2000 Global leading companies. It was also ranked 311th & 334th in Fortune Global 500 in 2014 & 2013 respectively
....
Swiss Re was the lead insurer of the World Trade Center during the September 11 attacks which led to an insurance dispute with the owner, Silverstein Properties.

On 31 October 2008, Swiss Re completed a £762 million acquisition of Barclays PLC's subsidiary Barclays Life Assurance Company Ltd.

In 2009, Warren Buffett invested $2.6 billion as a part of Swiss Re's raising equity capital.[8][9] Berkshire Hathaway already owns a 3% stake, with rights to own more than 20%.[10]
...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marc_Rich
(http://www.mygen.com/images/Marc_rich_photo.jpg)
Marc Rich (born Marcell David Reich; December 18, 1934 – June 26, 2013) was an international commodities trader, hedge fund manager, financier and businessman.[1] Active in the spot market for crude oil,[2] he became a commodities trader.[3] He was best known for founding the commodities company Glencore and for being indicted in the United States on federal charges of tax evasion and illegally making oil deals with Iran during the Iran hostage crisis. He was in Switzerland at the time of the indictment and never returned to the United States.[4] He received a controversial presidential pardon from U.S. President Bill Clinton on January 20, 2001, Clinton's last day in office

http://www.timesofisrael.com/world-powers-agree-to-un-peace-plan-but-not-on-assads-fate/
World powers agree to UN peace plan for Syria, but not on Assad’s fate
Clinton says president must go, and Russia and China must show him ‘the writing on the wall’
June 30, 2012, 10:20 pm

(http://cdn.timesofisrael.com/uploads/2012/06/Switzerland-Syria-Dip_Horo1-635x357.jpg)
US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton after a meeting of the Action Group for Syria at the European headquarters of the United Nations, in Geneva, Switzerland on Saturday. (photo credit: AP/Laurent Gillieron, Pool

GENEVA (AP) — An international conference on Saturday accepted a U.N.-brokered peace plan for Syria, but left open the key question of whether the country’s president could be part of a transitional government.
...


http://www.wbur.org/npr/111551193
UBS Settlement Puts Spotlight On Tax Evasion
Greg Allen August 5, 2009

(http://media.npr.org/assets/news/2009/08/04/ubs2-a5c1596a14cfc90b8fdd5790fd2dd5835e5586e8.jpg)
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton walks with Swiss Foreign Minister Micheline Calmy-Rey before their meeting at the State Department on July 31 in Washington, D.C.
UBS reached a settlement with the U.S. government in a lawsuit involving 52,000 American UBS customers. (AFP/Getty Images)

It's been an eventful week for Swiss banking giant UBS. It posted a $1.3 billion loss on Tuesday — its third straight quarterly loss.

But that news was tempered by last week's announcement that UBS has reached a settlement with the U.S. government in a lawsuit involving thousands of American UBS customers. The government said many of those U.S. citizens and residents with secret UBS accounts may be tax evaders.

Going into the lawsuit, the U.S. had a strong case. UBS is Switzerland's largest bank, one that in recent years greatly expanded its U.S. presence. Two years ago, the Justice Department began an investigation that found the company conspired to help wealthy Americans set up secret bank accounts that would help them evade taxes.
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: larsonstdoc on January 06, 2015, 03:19:47 pm


http://www.veteranstoday.com/2013/08/15/john-mccains-wife-hiding-war-profits-untaxed-off-shore-accounts/
John McCain’s Wife Hiding War Profits, Untaxed Off-Shore Accounts?
Posted by Stew Webb on August 15, 2013

Federal agents: Cindy McCain’s full tax returns will show war profits, pre-9/11 insider trading, secret off-shore accounts linked to 1241 Class C Nevada corporation payoffs and bribes (Real Corp Realty)

By Tom Flocco Edited and updated since 2008 by Stew Webb Columnist Veterans Today

Washington—According to a high-placed federal agent actively based in Washington, DC who spoke with federal whistleblower Stewart Webb, Republican presidential candidate and Senate Armed Services Ranking Member John McCain’s wife Cindy Hensley McCain’s multiple undisclosed federal income tax returns will reveal millions in Iraq War military procurement contract profits involving Hensley & Co. (Hensley Beer), Mrs. McCain’s large Anheuser-Busch beer distribution firm.


In more shocking allegations which media and Democratic congressional leaders have failed to investigate, a U.S. intelligence authority with scores of federal contacts, said federal agents also know that Mrs. McCain made millions in insider short-sale profits involving Swiss re-insurance put option stock orders placed prior to the September 11 attacks—profits of death which have remained untaxed by the U.S. government and raise questions as to her 9/11 tip-off.

Federal agents alleges Cindy McCain’s complete 2001 tax return would also reveal that she has a secret offshore 1241 corporation set up with [b]“private trust accounts established by Senator McCain’s late ‘Keating Five’ scandal [/b](Stew Webb Exposed) and Bush 41 money launderer Leonard Millman who was also Stewart Webb’s father-in-law—all of which screams for a federal probe of Real Corp Realty.

Agents also alleged that Mrs. McCain has made millions from a joint business enterprise with both Hillary and Bill Clinton and Fox News billionaire Ruppert Murdoch which involves a pornographic website with its 1241 corporate headquarters in the Cayman Islands. Leonard Millman financed Ruppert Murdoch  Media Empire with from ongoing Iran-Contra Narcotics Money Laundering.
...

  If any of us here would try to cheat the government of $5000 in taxes, they would throw us in Federal Prison for 25 years.

  Nice to see that Veterans Today wrote the story.  Now veterans that didn't know this, Know it---that the McCains are crooks.  And if you are a veteran and didn't know it, McCain sold out his fellow veterans at the Hanoi Hilton.

(http://ts1.mm.bing.net/th?&id=HN.608033551230698981&w=300&h=300&c=0&pid=1.9&rs=0&p=0)
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 09, 2015, 11:12:03 am
More on the Marc Rich connection to the NSA and spying ... and Switzerland:


http://ciphermachines.com/hagelin
Hagelin Ciphers
(http://ciphermachines.com/pictures/Hagelin/hagelin.jpg)
...
In 1952 Hagelin's new company, Crypto AG, introduced the wildly popular C-52 and the CX-52, with a stronger encipherment than the previous models. The handheld CD-57 was added in 1957 for clandestine operations and was compatible with the CX-52. These machines would go on to be the most successful cipher machines ever produced, selling to 120 countries around the world.

These were used for the most sensitive military, diplomatic and financial messages with complete confidence of the users based on the trust of a Swiss bank and the precision engineering of a Swiss watch.
...

What the users of these Hagelin machines did not know was the single greatest coup in the history of military intelligence. In 1957, William Friedman was called out of retirement by the US NSA to make a secret deal with Boris Hagelin, giving the US access into all the secret communications using the Hagelin machines. The US shared this information with England. Later, as the cipher technology advanced from mechanical devices to electronics, the new Hagelin machines installed a back door written by the NSA.

Dictators and madmen, such as the Iranian Islamic regime, Saddam Hussein, Moammar Gadhafi, Ferdinand Marcos, Idi Amin, as well as friendly nations and the Vatican all had their most secret communications read instantly by Washington and London [AND SWITZERLAND!!! ] . This unfettered access would continue for decades.

 This open book into the world's secrets would start to unravel in 1983. A US Naval Intelligence officer, Jonathan Pollard, acting as an Israeli spy sold this highly classified information (well above top secret) to Israel. This sensitive information was then traded to the Soviet Union in return for them allowing more Soviet Jews to emigrate to Israel. The rest of the world remained oblivious to the espionage battles over the Hagelin cipher machines and continued to use them. It turns out the Russians probably already knew this secret from two other US spies, Aldrich Ames and Robert Hanssen.

...

The lid was blown off this greatest of secrets in a very public way in March 1992. Hans Buehler, the top salesman for Crypto AG was arrested in Iran and charged with spying for the US and Germany, by selling cipher machines with the hidden back door. Buehler was not aware of the secret deal between Hagelin and the NSA, so he maintained his innocence and Crypto AG's integrity for 9 months. He was finally released after Crypto AG and, curiously, Siemens agreed to pay a million dollar ransom. Siemen's role in the ransom furthered speculation that Crypto AG was secretly partnered with that German company, with close ties to German intelligence.

Within weeks of his return to Switzerland, Buehler was fired by Crypto AG and was billed for his million dollar ransom. He went on to discover the truth of the secret NSA deal from previously tight-lipped employees and wrote a book about his ordeal and discoveries. Crypto AG went on to sue Buehler but settled out of court before the Crypto AG engineers could testify about their knowledge of the NSA deal. Buehler was released in January 1993 and despite claims of innocence from Crypto AG, sales plummeted. The three and a half decades of NSA access to the world's secrets came to a grinding halt as more countries understood the scope of the deception.

...


In the high stakes spy vs. spy world, this is not the end of the incredible Hagelin story. With Crypto AG sales and stock price in free-fall, the Swiss fugitive billionaire and Mossad agent, Marc Rich came into the picture as an angel investor. So the back door lost by the NSA was soon to be reprogrammed for Marc Rich and his Israeli contacts. This was an important deal for Rich, this billionaire jet set investor happened to live in or near Zug for the previous 20 years, a town of about 25,000 in central Switzerland and the headquarters of Crypto AG.

After the disclosure of the Hagelin/NSA deal and the Crypto AG bailout from the likes of Marc Rich, it is truly astonishing that many countries continue to this day to use Crypto AG products.

Rich and Israeli intelligence have used the secrets gained from the Crypto AG back door for financial and political gain. For instance, Israel purportedly made hundreds of millions of dollars in trading United and American Airlines put options just prior to the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack.

 In the hours before Clinton left office on January 20, 2001, a deal was struck granting a pardon for Rich. This pardon was controversial for several reasons. Marc's then wife, Denise Rich, spent the night in the White House during Clinton's last night in office. She contributed a total of $1.3 million to the Democratic Party and the Clinton Library.
...

see:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crypto_AG
Crypto AG is a Swiss company specialising in communications and information security. With headquarters in Steinhausen, the company is a long-established manufacturer of encryption machines and a wide variety of cipher devices. The company has about 230 employees, has offices in Abidjan, Abu Dhabi, Buenos Aires, Kuala Lumpur, Muscat, Selsdon and Steinhausen, and does business throughout the world.[1]

The owner(s) of Crypto AG are unknown, supposedly even to the managers of firm, and they hold their ownership through bearer shares.[2]
...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boris_Hagelin

Boris Caesar Wilhelm Hagelin (July 2, 1892 – September 7, 1983) was a Swedish businessman and inventor of encryption machines.

Born of Swedish parents in Adshikent, in Azerbaijan, Hagelin attended Lundsberg boarding school and later studied mechanical engineering at the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm, graduating in 1914. He gained experience in engineering through work in Sweden and the United States.

His father Karl Wilhelm Hagelin worked for Nobel in Baku,[1] but the family returned to Sweden after the Russian revolution. Karl Wilhelm was an investor in Arvid Gerhard Damm's company Aktiebolaget Cryptograph, established to sell rotor machines built using Damm's 1919 patent. Boris Hagelin was placed in the firm to represent the family investment. In 1925, Hagelin took over the firm, later reorganising it as Aktiebolaget Cryptoteknik in 1932. His machines competed with Scherbius' Enigma machines, but sold rather better.

At the beginning of World War II, Hagelin moved from Sweden to Switzerland, all the way across Germany and through Berlin to Genoa, carrying the design documents for the company's latest machine, and re-established his company there (it still operates as Crypto AG in Zug). That design was small, cheap and moderately secure, and he convinced the US military to adopt it. Many tens of thousands of them were made, and Hagelin became quite wealthy as a result. Historian David Kahn has suggested that Hagelin was the only cypher-machine maker who ever became a millionaire.

...

http://mediafilter.org/caq/cryptogate/
FOR AT LEAST HALF A CENTURY, THE US HAS BEEN
 INTERCEPTING AND DECRYPTING THE TOP SECRET
 DOCUMENTS OF MOST OF THE WORLD'S GOVERNMENTS


It may be the greatest intelligence scam of the century: For decades, the US has routinely intercepted and deciphered top secret encrypted messages of 120 countries. These nations had bought the world's most sophisticated and supposedly secure commercial encryption technology from Crypto AG, a Swiss company that staked its reputation and the security concerns of its clients on its neutrality. The purchasing nations, confident that their communications were protected, sent messages from their capitals to embassies, military missions, trade offices, and espionage dens around the world, via telex, radio, teletype, and facsimile. They not only conducted sensitive albeit legal business and diplomacy, but sometimes strayed into criminal matters, issuing orders to assassinate political leaders, bomb commercial buildings, and engage in drug and arms smuggling. All the while, because of a secret agreement between the National Security Agency
...

http://www.interet-general.info/spip.php?article15053
Switzerland: The company Crypto AG is a Trojan Horse of US and German intelligence

by François PILET
(http://www.interet-general.info/IMG/Suisse-Zug-Crypto-AG-1.gif)
headquarters of Crypto AG in Zug
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 09, 2015, 01:25:38 pm
ISIS - Switzerland ....

http://www.clarionproject.org/analysis/isis-operating-switzerland-yet-legal-snags-prevent-ban

ISIS Operating From Switzerland Yet Legal Snags Prevent Ban
A West Point report says it is 'debatable whether Switzerland possesses an adequate legal framework to mitigate this [jihadist] threat.'
By Soeren Kern
Mon, September 29, 2014

(http://www.clarionproject.org/sites/default/files/Islamic-State-Switzerland-HP_0.jpg)
...
response to new revelations that the IS has established a network of cells inside Switzerland to raise money and recruit fighters for the jihad  in Syria and Iraq.

...
About 40 Swiss jihadists have left Switzerland to participate in holy wars around the world, including 15 who have traveled to Syria, according to the 2014 annual report of the Swiss intelligence agency, Nachrichtendienst des Bundes (Federal Intelligence Service, NDB).

This number is far higher than previous estimates, and especially worrisome considering the relative size of the Muslim community in Switzerland. The Muslim population of Switzerland is estimated to number between 350,000 and 400,000, or around 5% of the total Swiss population of 8 million.

...

http://english.alarabiya.net/en/News/world/2014/12/11/One-Swiss-ISIS-militant-returnee-gets-community-service.html
Swiss ISIS returnee gets community service
AFP, Geneva
 Thursday, 11 December 2014

Switzerland has ordered a returned recruit of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) group to do 600 hours of community service and will not send him to prison, in the country’s first sentencing of a foreign jihadist fighter.

 Swiss Attorney General Michael Lauber’s ruling went into effect this week, he told public broadcaster RTS late Wednesday.

 The 30-year-old recent convert to Islam, from the western Swiss canton of Vaud, had travelled to Syria late last year to join an ISIS training camp.

 The man, whose name was not given, told the broadcaster he had been indoctrinated over the Internet.

“I was new to Islam... The videos I saw and the discussions I had online made me feel like I had to go there,” he said.

 After two weeks in the training camp however, he asked to leave, only to be jailed by the militant group, which held him for 54 days, RTS reported.

 The man, who has been cooperating with authorities and claims to have cut all ties with the jihadist group, was sentenced under a Swiss law against taking part in criminal organizations and under a military law against fighting for a foreign army, according to the report.
...

| - - - -

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kGDbxqO6A3Y
Islam Revolution - Banned propaganda video from muslims in Switzerland looks like ISIS video
Published on Dec 5, 2014

"Expect us anywhere, anytime!" at the end of video speaks for it selve
That white flag means Islam domination. The same one, but black is used by ISIS (black means fight/jichad) When muslims win they start using white flag.
Judge yourselves.
Please do not equate my views with those presented in the video
Video made by:
Islamic Central Council of Switzerland (ICCS)
ger. Islamischer Zentralrat Schweiz (IZRS), Berne"
pol. Centralna Rada Muzułmanów w Szwajcarii
author: Naim Cherni from IZRS

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islam_in_Switzerland
Islam is the second most widely professed religion in Switzerland, after Christianity.[1] According to 2012 estimates conducted by government of Switzerland, Muslims represent 4.9% of the total population.[2][3] The vast majority of Muslims in Switzerland belong to Sunni branch
...
Demographics

The largest concentration of Muslim population is in the German speaking Swiss plateau. The cantons with more than 5% Muslim population are:[citation needed]
6.72%   Basel-Stadt
6.50%   Glarus
6.13%   St. Gallen
5.94%   Thurgau
5.80%   Schaffhausen
5.49%   Aargau
5.39%   Solothurn
5.33%   Zürich

| - - - -
http://www.thelocal.ch/20141009/switzerland-is-latest-nation-to-ban-islamic-state
Switzerland imposes Islamic State ban
Published: 09 Oct 2014 11:34 GMT+02:00

The new ordinance, agreed by the federal government on Wednesday, comes into effect on Thursday for an initial period of six months.

A government statement said: “The Islamic State Group commits grave violations of human rights. Due to the escalation in its atrocities in the past few weeks, the Federal Council today decided to ban the group.”

The ordinance prohibits any activities by Islamic State within Switzerland and abroad, plus any activities that support or promote Isis.

That could include propaganda and fundraising campaigns, or the recruitment of new members.

Offenders could receive a prison sentence of up to three years or a fine.
Where applicable offending organizations will have their assets seized. 

The move comes after recent reports on the presence of jihadists in Switzerland, as well as escalating atrocities in Syria and Iraq, which have included several beheadings of British, French and American civilians.

At the end of September Swiss media reported that three Iraqis arrested in Switzerland in March were suspected of planning pro-Isis attacks and helping 40 Swiss residents travel to the Middle East to join Isis.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 22, 2015, 03:36:29 pm
Interesting history is ... Although the Templars Order of Knights  lost Acre in 1291 and were later disbanded in 1308 the ,,, Teutonic order of Knights continued on (northern crusades etc ) till the modern day ...... and they were in Switzerland ...

(https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/236x/36/a4/82/36a482552e2aaabffd6fc0ede611175d.jpg)

This is where the "Iron Cross" comes from Black rather then Red ...


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumiswald

Sumiswald is first mentioned in 1225 as Smoldeswalt.[3] The name either comes from the Germanic settler "Suomolt", the Latin term summa vallis ("bank over the valley") or the designation "Zum Oswald" ("to Oswald"), because in the Middle Ages there was a chapel in Sumiswald dedicated to Oswald of Northumbria.

The area was probably settled during the Middle Ages, when several castles were built.

From 1225, Sumiswald was a commandery of the Teutonic Knights of the "Ballei" Swabia-Alsace-Burgundy.

In 1525, the town bought its way out of serfdom, but stayed a part of the Teutonic Knights even after the Protestant Reformation was introduced in 1528; Sumiswald was sold to the city of Bern for 36,000 Reichs thaler in 1698.


http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schloss_Spittel

http://www.imperialteutonicorder.com/id4.html
(12) Burkhard von Scwanden - 1282-1290.
Burchard von Schwanden (also Burkhard; died 1310) was the 12th Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights, serving from 1282 or 1283-1290. Burchard hailed from a patrician part of Berne in Switzerland.

He was a monk in Hitzkirch before becoming the Komtur of Konitz (Chojnice) and advancing in 1277 to the rank of a regional Komtur of Thuringia and Saxony. He became grand master in 1282 or 1283.

It was during his term that the political situation of the Kingdom of Jerusalem worsened. This situation was strongly felt by the Order as its headquarters were still in Acre, but despite this, Burchard was in no hurry to help the crusaders in the Middle East, as his mind was preoccupied with matters in Prussia, Livonia, and the Holy Roman Empire.

In 1287, a Lithuanian invasion devastated much of Livonia. Burchard left for Rome in 1289 where, in the presence of the Pope, the new borders of the Monastic State of the Teutonic Knights by the Baltic Sea were drawn. Burchard also sought Pope Nicholas IV's permission for the coronation of Rudolf von Habsburg.

In early 1290, Burchard was forced by the Order to help the crusaders in Acre which was under siege. An army gathered by the grand master in a hurry left for the Holy Land. Shortly after arriving, Burchard surprisingly handed over his authority to Heinrich von Bonlant, Komtur of Sicily, resigned as the grand master, and left the Order for reasons unknown.

After leaving Acre,

Burchard left for his native Switzerland where he decided to join the Knights Hospitaller and became the Komtur of Buchsee. He died in 1310, but the exact date of his death is not certain.

It is close to the village and was founded in 1225 by Lüthold of Sumiswald with the condition that in a hospital was set up - hence the name almshouse . From 1698 to 1798 the castle was the seat of a Bernese bailiwick and 1812 went over to the community Sumiswald. The built after the fire of 1730 new building currently houses a retirement home , which will be closed shortly.

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/06/SchlossSumiswald.jpg)

The almshouse is a former castle of the Teutonic Order in Sumiswald , Canton Bern , Switzerland .

http://www.swisscastles.ch/Bern/spittel_d.html

http://www.imperialteutonicorder.com/id48.html

The Order of The Teutonic Knights of St. Mary's Hospital in Jerusalem - 1190-2012
The German Order of The Teutonic Knights of Christ in Jerusalem


Orden der Brüder vom Deutschen Haus St. Mariens in Jerusalem

Welcome to The Website of The Teutonic Order
File:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg  of the Hospital of the Virgin Mary in Jerusalem   File:Crux Ordis Teutonicorum.svg


The Teutonic Order or in its full name the Order of the Teutonic Knights of St. Mary's  Hospital in Jerusalem - looks back on a long and eventful history of more than 800 years.
 Formally established as hospital brotherhood near the seaport Acre in the Holy Land in  the year 1190, during the third crusade. In the prologue of the Order's Book it reads:
"Real knighthood does not only know the time-bound form of swordplay, which has passed;
 the actual composure of chivalrous men is rather expressed in their commitment for the
Lord's kingdom, for protecting the defenceless, for helping the maltreated, those beset,
the condemned and those in need." It is the pronounced goal of the Knights, Brothers and
 Sisters of the German Order to jointly implement this composure, abiding by the Order's
 motto "Helping and Healing" With this Website we would like to provide you with some
insight in the History of the Order, our work, in our roots and spirituality, in our past,
but also the presence of the Order today.

http://www.imperialteutonicorder.com/id16.html

The Teutonic Order, as a new institution was confirmed by the German Crusader leader, Duke Frederick of Swabia, on November 19th, in the year 1190 and with the capture of Acre, the founders of the hospital were given a permanent site in the city.

Pope Clement III confirmed this body as the "fratrum Theutonicorum ecclesiae S. Mariae Hiersolymitanae" by the Bull Quotiens postulatur of February 6, 1191 and, within a few years, the Order had developed as a Religious Military institution comparable to the Hospitallers and Templars, although initially subordinate to the Master of the Hospital. This subordination was confirmed in the Bull Dilecti filii of Pope Gregory IX of January 12, 1240 addressed to the "fratres hospitalis S. Mariae Theutonicorum in Accon". The distinct German character of this new Hospitaller Order and the protection given to it by the Emperor and German rulers, enabled it to gradually assert a de facto independence from the Order of Saint John. The first Imperial grant came from Otto IV who gave the Order his protection on May 10, 1213 and this was followed almost immediately by a further confirmation by Frederick II on September 5, 1214.

 These Imperial confirmations each treated the Teutonic knights as independent from the Hospitallers. By the middle of the fourteenth century this independence was acknowledged by the Holy See.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 23, 2015, 11:27:37 am
https://easelartnews.wordpress.com/
(https://easelartnews.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/attentato-gianfranco-becchina.jpg)
Gianfranco Becchina – Naughty, naughty

The feds have announced plans to seize an ancient Roman sculpture from a Queens storage facility on behalf of Italian officials. The sculpture, said to represent the mythological figure Ariadne, was a lid on the 1,800 year old sarcophogas of a Roman noblewoman. The statue was supposedly looted in the early 1970’s or 80’s but no one knows how it got here or where exactly it came from. The man behind the mystery seems to be Gianfranco Becchina, convicted in 2011 for plundering (surprise) Roman artifacts. Authorities began working on the case when it turned up on exhibit for sale at the Park Avenue Armory in NYC by Phoenix Ancient Art


http://archaeology.org/news/2915-150122-rome-artifacts-recovered
Police Raids Recover More Than 5,000 Artifacts

ROME, ITALY—A Switzerland-based art dealer and his wife have been accused of being part of an antiquities trafficking network involving tomb raiders in southern Italy; dealers; and buyers from Germany, Britain, the United States, Japan, and Australia.

The looted works are thought to have been sent to Switzerland where they were restored and sold with counterfeit provenance papers.

Italian police have seized more than 5,000 artifacts, including vases, jewelry, frescoes, and bronze statues dating from the eighth century B.C. to the third century A.D. The items are estimated to have been worth $64 million on the black market. “This is by a long shot the biggest recovery in history in terms of the quantity and quality of the archaeological treasures,” Carabineri General Mariano Mossa said at a news conference reported in The Columbian.

Documents associated with the case could lead Italian authorities to artifacts now housed in top museums around the world. To read the dramatic story of an earlier effort to fight the illegal looting of Italy's ancient tombs, go to "Raiding the Tomb Raiders."

| - - -
http://www.columbian.com/news/2015/jan/21/italy-unveils-record-haul-antiquities-swiss-raids/
Italy unveils record haul of antiquities from Swiss raids
Officials say 5,361 recovered pieces worth $58 million

By NICOLE WINFIELD, Associated Press
Published: January 21, 2015, 5:32 PM

ROME — Authorities on Wednesday unveiled what they said was a record haul of rare antiquities illegally looted from Italy and discovered during raids on Swiss warehouses belonging to a Sicilian former art dealer
...
The items were found during an investigation into Basel-based art dealer Gianfranco Becchina and his wife, accused by prosecutors of being part of an antiquities trafficking network that involved "tombaroli" tomb raiders in southern Italy, dealers and buyers around the globe.
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 26, 2015, 10:58:18 am
The Wallenbergs bank helped McKittrick move American funds for the Nazis via Switzerland : ....

https://www.wallenberg.com/arkiv/sites/default/files/files/Arkivet/Bocker/german_resistance_movement_and_england.pdf

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knut_Agathon_Wallenberg
(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/23/KnutWallenberg.jpg/384px-KnutWallenberg.jpg)

Knut Agathon Wallenberg, (19 May 1853 - 1 June 1938), was a Swedish banker and politician, he was also Knight of the Order of the Seraphim. He was son of the banker and politician André Oscar Wallenberg, and his wife Catharina Wilhelmina Andersson. In 1878, he married Alice Nickelsen. He was a member of the prominent Wallenberg family.

....
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Order_of_the_Seraphim

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/ab/Serafijnorde%3Bster.jpg)
The Royal Order of the Seraphim (Swedish Kungliga Serafimerorden) (Seraphim being a category of Angels) is a Swedish order of chivalry created by King Frederick I on 23 February 1748, together with the Order of the Sword and the Order of the Polar Star. Since the reorganization of the orders in 1975, the Order of the Seraphim and the Order of the Polar Star are only awarded to foreign heads of state and members of the royal family (the last non-royal Swedish holder was Sten Rudholm). The order has only one class with the dignity of Knight (Member for women and Member of the Cloth for clergymen), and is the foremost order of Sweden.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallenberg_family

http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcus_Wallenberg_(1864%E2%80%931943)
Marcus Wallenberg Laurentius , born 5 March 1864 in Stockholm, died 22 July 1943 at Malmvik in Lovo , was a Swedish business leaders and bank director.

Marcus Wallenberg was the son of the founder of the Managing Director of Stockholms Enskilda Bank , André Oscar Wallenberg and his wife Anna Charlotta Eleonora von Sydow . Wallenberg was married August 19, 1890 by Gertrude Amalia Hagdahl. She was born May 29, 1864, the daughter of the doctor and cookbook author Charles Emil Hagdahl and his wife Emilia Gylling. Amalia Wallenberg died 1959th

Wallenberg was the father of Jacob Wallenberg and Marcus Wallenberg and the daughter Ebba, who married Mews champion and Olympic gold medalist Carl Bonde .

Wallenberg is buried in the Wallenberg Mausoleum at Malmvik , Ekerö . Jacob Wallenberg founded in 1960, the Marcus and Amalia Wallenberg Memorial Fund to his parent's memory.

http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcus_Wallenberg_(1899%E2%80%931982)
Marcus "Dori" Wallenberg Jr. , born 5 October 1899 in Stockholm , died 13 September 1982 in Stockholm, was a Swedish banker , business leaders and the most important representative of the Swedish industrial tradition and Swedish industry during the 1900s. He was Managing Director of Stockholms Enskilda Bank, 1946-1958, and for half a century - from the early 1930s until his death in 1982 - led and he reconstructed several of Sweden's largest companies. During World War II he and Erik Boheman appointed to manage the Swedish trade negotiations with the Allied States. [ 1 ] [ 2 ]
...
Shortly after the war, in July 1945, exploded the so-called Bosch scandal , in which Marcus Wallenberg and his older brother , Jacob Wallenberg had lead roles. The brothers were accused by the US of acting nominees for the German company Bosch, which attracted much international attention. The transaction resulted in the Marcus Wallenberg came to succeed his brother on the bank's chairmanship. [ 7 ] [ 8]


http://sv.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Wallenberg_(1892%E2%80%931980)
Jacob Wallenberg , born 27 September 1892 in Stockholm , died 1 August 1980 in Stockholm, was a Swedish banker, business leaders, and in the 1920s and 1930s, the foremost representative of Swedish industry.

Wallenberg was a banker in Basel , London , New York, 1915-18, and then became Assistant Director of the Wallenberg family bank, Stockholms Enskilda Bank . He became its Vice President and board member in 1920. The March 31, 1927 [ 1 ] , he became CEO. He was Vice Chairman 1946-50 and Chairman 1950-69.

During World War II , he participated as a Swedish member of the Swedish-German trade negotiations, and in 1939 even in the initial Swedish-British trade negotiations in London.

In connection with the so-called Bosch affair after World War II accused the US Bank and the Wallenberg family for having collaborated with Nazi Germany . US blocked for a period of family assets in the country. Jacob Wallenberg, who had had the main responsibility for the Bosch Business's structure, was forced to step down and hand over the CEO position to his brother Marcus Wallenberg in March to 1946.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacob_Wallenberg
(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/17/Jacob_Wallenberg.JPG/638px-Jacob_Wallenberg.JPG)
Jacob Wallenberg (born 1956) is a Swedish banker and industrialist, currently serving as a board member for multiple companies.

Wallenberg was born in Stockholm. He holds a B.Sc. Economics and M.B.A. from the Wharton Business School, University of Pennsylvania. He is also a Reserve Officer in the Swedish Navy.[2] Wallenberg is the son of the banker and industrialist Peter Wallenberg, Sr., and his wife Suzanne Grevillius, he is a member of the prominent Swedish Wallenberg family.

Former President and CEO of Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken, currently serving on the board of directors of Atlas Copco, SAS Group, Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken, ABB Group, Ericsson, The Coca-Cola Company,[3] Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, Investor and Stockholm School of Economics. He is also Knight of the Order of the Seraphim.

Wallenberg also serves on the steering committee of the Bilderberg Group.[4



http://spitfirelist.com/for-the-record/ftr-578-darkness-at-sunrise/

FTR #578 Darkness at Sunrise: The Interdiction and Cover-Up of Operation Savehaven

http://emory.kfjc.org/archive/ftr/500_599/f-578a.mp3
http://emory.kfjc.org/archive/ftr/500_599/f-578b.mp3

Intro­duc­tion: Doc­u­ment­ing neu­tral­iza­tion of the pro­gram to block the Nazi flight cap­i­tal pro­gram dur­ing and after World War II, this pro­gram high­lights the machi­na­tions of Allen Dulles in assur­ing the suc­cess of Oper­a­tion Eagle’s Flight. (Dulles, as well as his brother John Fos­ter, were attor­neys for the pow­er­ful Wall Street law firm Sul­li­van and Cromwell, which was deeply involved with the financ­ing of Nazi Germany.)

Hav­ing played an essen­tial role in financ­ing Nazi cor­po­rate struc­ture, Dulles used his posi­tion as a key agent for the Office of Strate­gic Ser­vices to sub­vert Oper­a­tion Safehaven—the Trea­sury Depart­ment pro­gram designed to block the Nazi cap­i­tal flight. (The OSS was America’s World War II intel­li­gence ser­vice.) After con­duct­ing Oper­a­tion Sunrise–negotiations with the SS in Italy aimed at effect­ing a sep­a­rate peace between the Third Reich and the West­ern allies–Dulles worked with other intel­li­gence vet­er­ans and Wall Street movers and shak­ers to guar­an­tee the con­ti­nu­ity of the inter­na­tional car­tel sys­tem which helped spawn the Third Reich in the first place.
...

[
http://www.tabletmag.com/jewish-news-and-politics/143053/hitlers-american-banker?all=1
Meet the Amer­i­can Banker Who Helped Hitler Loot Jew­ish Gold—While Spy­ing for the OSS

Thomas McKit­trick, head of the Swiss-based Bank for Inter­na­tional Set­tle­ments, was a key go-between for the Axis and the Allies
 By Adam LeBor|August 30, 2013 12:00 AM|Comments: 8
...
McKittrick’s involve­ment with the BIS began in 1931, when he joined the Ger­man Cred­its Arbi­tra­tion Com­mit­tee, which adju­di­cated dis­putes involv­ing Ger­man com­mer­cial banks. One of the other two mem­bers was Mar­cus Wal­len­berg, of Sweden’s Enskilda Bank, who taught McKit­trick about the intri­ca­cies of inter­na­tional finance. Mar­cus and his brother Jacob were two of the most pow­er­ful bankers in the world. Dur­ing the war, the Wal­len­berg broth­ers used Enskilda Bank to play both sides and har­vest enor­mous prof­its. (Their nephew Raoul would later save tens of thou­sands of Hun­gar­ian Jews before dis­ap­pear­ing into the Soviet gulag, aban­doned by his uncles.) In May 1939 McKit­trick was offered the posi­tion of pres­i­dent of the BIS, which he read­ily accepted. Once he was in office, Mar­cus Wal­len­berg remained his most impor­tant men­tor, teach­ing the Amer­i­can banker how to nego­ti­ate the del­i­cate path between the oppos­ing Euro­pean powers—just as the Wal­len­bergs them­selves had so skill­fully done.

...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stockholms_Enskilda_Bank
Stockholms Enskilda Bank, sometimes called Enskilda banken or SEB, was a Swedish bank, founded in 1856 by André Oscar Wallenberg as Stockholm's first private bank. In 1857, Stockholms Enskilda Bank began to employ women, claiming to be the first bank in the world doing so.[1]

Stockholms Enskilda Bank was managed by the Wallenberg family who, thanks to the bank, built a unique position in Swedish business. During World War II, the Wallenberg bank was accused of collaborating with Nazi Germany, putting the bank on blockade by the U.S. Government.[citation needed] In 1972, the bank merged with Skandinaviska Banken to become Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken.[2]
...

Second World War

Before and during the Second World War the Swedish government called upon the bank's management for trade negotiations with Germany, United Kingdom, the United States and Finland.

During the war, in 1939–1941, Stockholms Enskilda Bank acquired a number of subsidiaries within the German Bosch group. The acquisitions were made under the condition of Bosch being able to buy the property back after the war. A similar acquisition was made regarding the American Bosch Corporation. The U.S. Government considered the acquisitions illegal and the American Bosch Corporation as enemy property, and subsequently confiscated it in 1943. In August 1945, the bank and the Wallenberg brothers were further accused for collaborating with the Nazis, making the U.S. Government impose a blockade on Stockholms Enskilda Bank. The blockade was lifted in 1947.

...



Another NWO one bites the dust ---- so who's the replacement ?  Wallenberg Bilderberg regulars ...

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/obituaries/11368245/Peter-Wallenberg-Swedish-industrialist-obituary.html

Peter Wallenberg, who has died aged 88, was the fourth-generation patriarch of Sweden’s most powerful business dynasty
.

The Wallenbergs descend from André Oscar Wallenberg, a bishop’s son and former naval officer who founded the Stockholms (later Skandinaviska) Enskilda Bank in 1856; in the next generation, Knut Agathon Wallenberg was Sweden’s foreign minister as well as a banker and industrialist. The diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, saviour of tens of thousands of Hungarian Jews from the Nazis, was a cousin. But the family has always sought to stay out of the limelight: its motto is Esse no videri (To be, not to be seen).


Their wider interests – known as “the Wallenberg sphere” and including stakes in companies such as Ericsson in telecommunications, Astra Zeneca in pharmaceuticals, ABB in engineering, ball-bearing maker SKF and appliance maker Electrolux – are grouped into a holding company, Investor, of which Peter Wallenberg was chairman from 1982 to 1997.

Born in Stockholm on May 29 1926, he was the second son of Marcus Wallenberg Jr, a nephew of Knut who sailed for Sweden in the 1936 Olympics and played international tennis as well as driving the bank and expanding the family’s industrial interests. Peter’s mother, Marcus’s first wife, was a Scot, Dorothy Mackay.

...

In the post-war era, the Wallenbergs (despite allegations by some historians that they had allowed their businesses to supply industrial materials to Nazi Germany) maintained close links with successive US governments.

A link with the United States

In the 1980s Peter Wallenberg provided a discreet link between Stockholm’s defence chiefs and Washington; he also served on the Fowler-McCracken Commission, an American effort to set new agendas for global development and security. As a result he earned the admiration of President George Bush Sr, who said of him: “He could have chosen to rest on the extraordinary laurels of his family, but he chose to build and create. He is a man of enormous competence and dimension.”

Peter Wallenberg was three times married; his oldest son, Jacob, is now chairman of Investor, and his younger son Peter is chairman of the family trust, the Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, which holds a controlling stake in Investor and has made donations of more than £4 billion in the past five years to fund research in technology and medicine at Swedish universities.

Peter Wallenberg, born May 29 1926, died January 19 2015


http://www.wsj.com/articles/peter-wallenberg-head-of-swedish-dynasty-dies-at-88-1421668658
Peter Wallenberg, Head of Dynasty That Shaped Modern Sweden, Dies at 88

He Stepped Down
as Chairman of the Family’s Largest Foundation Last Week
By Christina Zander
 Jan. 19, 2015 6:57 a.m. ET
 

STOCKHOLM— Peter Wallenberg, the patriarch of one of Sweden’s most powerful and influential families, died at his home on Monday. He was 88.

Mr. Wallenberg was the head of a dynasty of bankers, industrialists, politicians and diplomats that has shaped Swedish society. The family, through its investment vehicle  Investor  AB, has interests in some of Sweden’s largest companies, including telecom-equipment maker  Ericsson , pharmaceutical firm Astra AB—now part of  AstraZeneca  PLC—defense company  Saab  AB and banking group  SEB  AB.
...

The Wallenberg assets are now controlled by the fifth generation of the family, including Peter Wallenberg’s two sons.

His oldest son Jacob Wallenberg, 59, is chairman of Investor and deputy chairman of FAM, the family’s holding company. He is also deputy chairman in airline SAS AB and Ericsson and a member of engineering firm  ABB  Ltd. ’s board. Peter Wallenberg Jr. , 55, now holds the position of chairman in the Knut and Alice Wallenberg foundation, which controls more than half of the votes in Investor AB as well as stakes in several of the companies within the family sphere. He is also a member of Investor AB’s board.

Their cousin, Marcus Wallenberg, 58, is chairman of FAM and a board member of Investor. He is also and chairman in SEB and Saab and a board member in AstraZeneca
...


http://www.jweekly.com/article/full/3457/did-wallenberg-s-family-aid-nazis-while-he-saved-jews/
Did Wallenberg’s family aid Nazis while he saved Jews?
by HEATHER CAMLOT, Jewish Telegraphic Agency

NEW YORK -- While Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg was saving the lives of Jews in Hungary during World War II, some of his relatives were collaborating with the Nazis, according to the World Jewish Congress.

 "While Raoul was a saint, he was performing superhero feats to save the Jews in Budapest, the U.S. government knew that the Wallenberg bank, controlled by his uncles, was cooperating wholly with the Nazis," said Elan Steinberg, WJC executive director.

 The WJC reported recently that it discovered the activities of the Wallenberg-owned bank while searching declassified U.S. intelligence files for information concerning the whereabouts of assets of Holocaust victims that are believed to be in Swiss bank accounts.

 The Wallenberg documents shed light on "Sweden's involvement with and collaboration with the Nazis during the war," Steinberg said.

"Sweden is clearly emerging as one of the places where the Nazis moved assets."

 According to the documents, The Enskilda Bank, owned by Jacob and Marcus Wallenberg, Raoul's uncles, dealt in large black-market operations, money laundering and concealing German investments in the United States. [/size]

The documents also contain evidence disproving the belief in some circles that Marcus Wallenberg was on the side of the Allies. He traveled to the United States in 1940 on behalf of German interests to buy back a block of German securities being held by America, according to the documents.

 The disclosed information about the collaboration between the Nazi regime and Marcus and Jacob Wallenberg suggests a reason for the feeble attempt to find their nephew.
...
U.S. News & World Report reported earlier this month that newly unearthed documents showed that Raoul Wallenberg spied for an agency that was a predecessor of the CIA [ the OSS] .


| - - - -

http://www.rferl.org/content/article/1083119.html
Europe: Documents Reveal Sweden's Ties To Nazi Gold
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
By Anthony Georgieff
January 09, 1997

Copenhagen, 27 January 1997 (RFE/RL) - Sweden has joined Switzerland in a process of demystifying financial dealings with Nazi Germany by releasing documents casting doubt on positions of neutrality during the Second World War.

 Midway through World War II, both countries, with the full knowledge of their governments and central bank directors, ignored warnings from the Allies about the nature of the gold and other assets they were buying from Germany and continued the trade until the end of the war. As late as 1944, the Swedish National Bank ordered its Swiss financial partners to melt gold bars so they could be stamped with a Swedish insignia to conceal their origin.

These gold bars did not originate only in precious metal expropriated from Jews. In many instances, they had a much more macabre history: they were melted gold teeth, wedding rings and golden glass frames taken from Jews at Auschwitz and other death camps.

 Swiss historian Christoph Graf says Switzerland and Sweden were "very much in the same boat" when it came to financial dealings with Nazi Germany, only "the proportions were different."


In fact, documents released recently show that immediately after the war, Switzerland and Sweden had confidential talks to "compare notes" so as not to contradict each other in the face of war-crimes tribunals and possible banking investigations by the Allies.

 According to historians, the "dirty trade" encompassed three areas:

• The freezing of pre-war accounts held by Jews. By 1940, Sweden outlawed the opening of accounts for non-residents and many Jews mainly from neighbouring countries, including the three Baltic Republic, found they didn't have access to their money.
• The purchase of gold that was clearly stolen.
• Functioning as a fiscal safe haven for Nazis.

 It has been no secret that the wartime Social Democratic government in Sweden -- Sweden has been ruled by the Social Democrats since the 1930s but for the short-lived conservative government of Carl Bildt in the early 1990s -- traded with Hitler's Germany and that Swedish steel manufacturers provided metal for Germany's war industry. Nominally, the country was neutral, and unlike neighbors Norway and Denmark, it was not occupied by Germany. Throughout the war, Stockholm did not turn away Jewish refugees. For example, almost all of Denmark's Jews were transported by Danish fishermen and resistance activists to safety across the sound to Malmoe.

 According to documents recently cited in Swedish reports, the family of Raoul Wallenberg, the wartime Swedish diplomat in Budapest who saved the lives of hundreds of thousands of Jews and later died in Russia, is revealed to have participated in the trade of Nazi Germany's wartime gold. The documents suggest the Wallenberg family was sympathetic to the Germans and thought they would win the war.

 In 1944, after Raoul Wallenberg had already helped many Jewish families in Hungary, another senior member of the clan, Jacob Wallenberg, attempted to sell state bonds for Nazi gold. However, the Wallenberg family never succeeded in buying the gold. Sweden's National Bank denied the family's request, because, by then it suspected the gold had been stolen.

 It is unclear precisely how much gold Sweden had obtained during the war. Estimates vary from "at least" 20,000 kilos to about 34,000 kilos. In the early 1950s, some gold was sent back to its rightful owners. But declassified archives now show that "many tons" of gold are still unaccounted for.

http://www.jta.org/1996/05/24/archive/u-s-documents-indicate-family-of-raoul-wallenbergs-aided-nazis
U.S. Documents Indicate Family of Raoul Wallenberg’s Aided Nazis
May 24, 1996   

While Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg was saving the lives of Jews in Hungary during World War II, some of his relatives were collaborating with the Nazis, according to the World Jewish Congress.

“While Raoul was a saint, he was performing superhero feats to save the Jews in Budapest, the U.S. government knew that the Wallenberg bank, controlled by his uncles, was cooperating wholly with the Nazis,” said Elan Steinberg, WJC executive director.

The WJC reported this week that it discovered the activities of the Wallenberg- owned bank while searching recently declassified U.S. intelligence files for information concerning the whereabouts of assets of Holocaust victims that are believed to be in Swiss bank accounts.

The Wallenberg documents shed lights on “Sweden’s involvement with and collaboration with the Nazis during the war,” Steinberg said. “Sweden is clearly emerging as one of the places where the Nazis moved assets.”

According to the documents, the Enskilda Bank, owned by Jacob and Marcus Wallenberg, Raoul’s uncles, dealt in large black market operations, money laundering and concealing German investments in the Unites States.

The documents also contain evidence disproving the belief in some circles that Marcus Wallenberg was on the side of the Allies. He traveled to the United States in 1940 on behalf of German interests to buy back a block of German securities being held by America, according to the documents.
/...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 27, 2015, 03:28:53 pm
[ Not just Jews - everyone that went against the Nazi's - lost everything along with their lives ]

http://www.iearn.org/hgp/aeti/aeti-1997/swiss-loot.html
Swiss Accused of Keeping Holocaust Funds
By Marian England
 Cold Spring Harbor High School
 New York, USA
1997

With the fifty year celebration of the liberation of European Jews from Nazi concentration camps a year ago, comes allegations with growing evidence of Swiss banks profiting from the Holocaust. The Swiss government is outraged about allegations that their government, banks, and the Swiss insurance industry collaborated with the Nazis and profited from gold looted from victims of the Holocaust.

During World War II, European Jews were victimized twice. Not only were they victims of the Holocaust, but they were also victims of Nazi officials who stole from them. Homes were invaded and stores were plundered. The trains came into Auschwitz, a concentration camp in Poland, and as the people stepped off of the train, not only were they separated from their families, but they were ordered to place their belongings into baskets; clothes in one, jewelry in another, gold in another. Everything was separated. From weddings rings to gold fillings from teeth, the Jews' possessions were then melted into gold and sent to Switzerland from which Germany acquired hard currency to carry on their war efforts. As one survivor said, "Once you hit the camp, you were nobody."

As the Nazis swept across Europe, they confiscated gold from each country they invaded. In 1940, 800 million dollars in gold was taken from central banks in Europe. By far, the largest amount of money was taken from Belgium, 223 million dollars.
...

The money contained in the Swiss bank accounts from both the central banks of Europe and Holocaust victims is said to be millions, possibly billions of dollars. As the Nazis shipped valuables to Switzerland, they made extensive use of the safe deposit boxes there. American documents have related that there are hundreds of millions of dollars in the bank vaults, composed of jewelry, securities, artwork assets, and valuables. Some of it was returned; most was not.

In the Washington Agreement of 1946, the Swiss paid 250 million dollars as a contribution to help rebuild Europe after World War II. Senator Alfonse D'Amato of New York believes that the Swiss got off too easily in the Washington Agreement because there was no United States money involved and therefore would be easy to cover up. Carlo Jagmetti, the Swiss Ambassador, to the United States, believes that an international agreement was concluded, implemented and that it can not be reopened. On the other hand, D'Amato believes that a negotiated treaty that is fraud has a right to be reopened. Being the Chairman of the Senate Banking Committee, D'Amato remarked that he has an "obligation to see that there is proper accounting."

D'Amato stated that he was "determined to break down the wall of silence erected fifty years ago." He does not believe the Swiss claim that account records which were dormant for ten years were destroyed. After the war, children of Jews sought their parents' money in Swiss bank accounts, but were denied because they did not know the account numbers.

...

As of March 1996, D'Amato began an inquiry into the status of the assets of European Jews and others held in the Swiss bank accounts. According to the Swiss Bankers Association, a total of 893 accounts, holding $32 million was found. These numbers have been found to be extremely small.

The question of Swiss profiting from the Holocaust no longer remains. However, there is the question of how much of the money was central bank gold and how much of the money was from individual victims of the Holocaust. After almost sixty years, the money can still be locked up in safe deposit boxes in Switzerland. It, of course, is possible, but most likely improbable. The reality of the situation still remains that the lost loot from European Jews from the Holocaust may remain a mystery forever.
...
On January 27, 1997, Carlo Jagmetti, the Swiss Ambassador to the United States resigned after the publication of a diplomatic cable. He advised his government on how to deal with the Holocaust inquiries on Jewish possessions stolen during World War II. The cable contained advice that Switzerland should realize that the inquiries into their banks were going to be a long affair. Jagmetti believes that these inquiries have turned to war, both foreign and domestic, and one that the Swiss must win. Jagmetti concluded in his resignation that the Holocaust victims who are seeking recompense from the Swiss banks are "opponents" who "cannot be trusted."
...

But as of March 5, 1997, the Swiss government proposed to set up a $4.7 billion fund  --  a "Swiss Foundation for Solidarity"  --  to help the victims. The Swiss government would increase the stated value of it gold reserve to work with current world market prices and then use the difference for the fund. The previous fund set up by private Swiss banks and the national Bank would only provide short term help to those now dying of old age. This new fund is for "the prospect of long-term commitments." The important question that still remains is when will the payment finally begin? So far, not one Swiss franc has been repaid to a Holocaust survivor. The Swiss Government, as of May 2, has appointed Elie Wiesel, Nobel-Laureate and Holocaust spokesman, to chair the seven-member panel that will administer the funds for Holocaust victims and their families.

A Righteous Person

Christophe Meili, a Swiss business student moonlighting as a nightwatchman at a large Swiss bank, recently won applause from Holocaust groups and the U.S. Senate for rescuing Nazi-era documents detailing bank holdings which were to be destroyed. Fired from his job as a result, Meili knew he had to act after watching Schindler's List. "A few months before, I had seen the movie, . . . and that is how, when I saw these documents, I realized I must take responsibility -- I must do something." Meili, who now receives death threats in his native Switzerland, has been hailed as a hero in many circles


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christoph_Meili
(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/e/ec/Christoph_Meili_1997-nonfree.jpg)
Michel Christopher "Christoph" Meili (born 21 April 1968)[1] is a Swiss-American whistleblower and security professional.

In early 1997, Meili had been working as a night guard at the Union Bank of Switzerland (UBS, precursor of UBS AG) in Zürich, Switzerland. He discovered that officials at UBS were destroying documents about orphaned assets, believed to be credit balances of deceased Jewish clients whose heirs' whereabouts were unknown, as well as books from the German Reichsbank.[2]

They listed stock accounts for companies in business during the Holocaust, including BASF, Degussa, and Degesch.[3] They listed real-estate records for Berlin property that had been seized by the Nazis, placed in Swiss accounts, and then claimed to be owned by UBS.[4]

Destruction of such documents is against Swiss laws.[5][6] The documents Meili saved reportedly predate the Nazi period, dating from 1897 to 1927.[7]
...
After Meili and his family reported receiving death threats they fled to the United States and were granted political asylum via private bill

According to news reports, Meili and his family are believed to be the only Swiss nationals ever to receive political asylum in the United States

On 13 January 1998, Ed Fagan filed suit against UBS on behalf of the Jewish victims, in the amount of US$2,560,000,000. On 13 August 1998, a settlement was reached between the Swiss banks and the Jewish plaintiffs totalizing US $1.25 billion.[17][18][19]

Fagan was disbarred in New York[20] and New Jersey for failing to pay court fines and fees, and for stealing client money and escrow trust funds from Holocaust survivors

...
Later in 1998 the investigations of the justice of Zürich against Meili for allegedly breaking the laws on bank secrecy were cancelled,[7] but Meili did not return to his homeland until 2003. His marriage ended in divorce in February 2002.[22] In September 2003 he visited his family in Switzerland. In Die Weltwoche, a Swiss newspaper, Meili criticized Fagan for having purportedly "instrumentalized" him and letting him down. He claimed to have never received the US $1 million that he was due[22] according to their agreement after settling with the Swiss banks in 1998.[23] However, according to a report by the Swiss magazine Facts (17 March 2005), Meili did receive USD $750,000.[
...
In an interview with the Swiss newspaper Sonntagsblick on 21 October 2006, however, Meili re-iterated his criticism of Fagan and the Jewish organizations who had once championed him, stating again they had let him
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on February 10, 2015, 11:10:59 am
hsbc - hub of illegal fund transfers .... international money laundering ...

http://www.icij.org/project/swiss-leaks/explore-swiss-leaks-data
Explore the Swiss Leaks Data
Swiss LeaksThe leaked HSBC files offer a rare glimpse inside one of the world’s most private banking systems.

More than $100 billion from 106,000 clients of 203 countries.


http://news.yahoo.com/leaked-bank-files-show-hsbc-helped-clients-dodge-220616533.html
HSBC 'tax dodge' revelations are just tip of iceberg, says leaker
AFP
By Nina Larson with Roland Jackson in London
10 hours ago
...

The files created global shockwaves on Monday, spotlighting the financial dealings of the world's ultra-rich and prompting British lawmakers to launch an inquiry into the London-based bank.
...
Published at the weekend, the files claim HSBC's Swiss division helped clients in more than 200 countries evade taxes on accounts containing $119 billion (104 billion euros).

Herve Falciani, an IT worker turned whistleblower, stole the files in 2007 and passed them to French authorities, but they had not been previously made public.

The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) obtained the files via French newspaper Le Monde and shared them with more than 45 other media organisations worldwide.

But Falciani said the media reports on the documents' contents were based on just a fraction of the files he gave to the French state.
...
Dubbed the "Snowden of tax evasion" and "the man who terrifies the rich", Falciani remains wanted on data theft charges, but France and Spain have offered him protection by refusing to extradite him to Switzerland.

- 'Secretive industry serving the elite' -

Margaret Hodge, chairwoman of the British parliament's Public Accounts Committee, told the BBC that lawmakers were launching an "urgent inquiry" and would order HSBC to give evidence if necessary.

"Today's shocking revelations about HSBC further expose a secretive global industry serving a wealthy elite," she told the broadcaster on Monday.

The documents show that HSBC opened Swiss accounts for international criminals, businessmen, politicians and celebrities, according to the ICIJ.

The revelations renewed calls for a crackdown on sophisticated tax avoidance by the wealthy and multinational companies. Tax avoidance is legal, but tax evasion is not.

"HSBC profited from doing business with arms dealers who channelled mortar bombs to child soldiers in Africa, bag men for Third World dictators, traffickers in blood diamonds and other international outlaws," the ICIJ said.
...

A range of current and former politicians from Russia, India and various African countries, as well as Saudi, Bahraini, Jordanian and Moroccan royalty, and the late Australian press magnate Kerry Packer were named in the files.

There were calls for a Swiss probe against the bank, which is already facing prosecution in France and Belgium.

Switzerland has so far only launched an investigation against Falciani.

Global fallout on Monday included a Belgian judge said to be considering international arrest warrants for directors of HSBC's Swiss division.

...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on February 11, 2015, 02:27:04 pm
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/europe/italy/11402858/Lost-Leonardo-da-Vinci-painting-seized-by-Italy.html
'Lost' Leonardo da Vinci painting seized by Italy

"Priceless" painting attributed to Leonardo da Vinci discovered in 2013 seized by Italian police from bank vault in Switzerland
By  Nick Squires, Rome, video source APTN
1:02PM GMT 10 Feb 2015

(http://i.telegraph.co.uk/multimedia/archive/03194/Seized_Da_Vinci_3194840c.jpg)
'Ritratto di Isabella d'Este' by Italian artist Leonardo da Vinci (Photo: EPA/TICINO POLICE)

A long-lost painting attributed to Leonardo da Vinci was confiscated from a bank vault in Switzerland after Italian police said it had been exported illegally and was in danger of being sold for up to £90 million.

Swiss police, acting on a request by their Italian counterparts, seized the portrait of Isabella d’Este, a Renaissance noblewoman, from a private bank vault in Lugano on Tuesday.

After being lost for centuries, the painting was rediscovered in 2013 in a collection of 400 artworks kept in a Swiss vault. The authorities then were alerted to the existence of the painting, but it went missing again.
...

see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/House_of_Este

The elder branch of the House of Este included the dukes of Brunswick and Lüneburg (1208–1918) and produced Britain's Hanoverian monarchs and one Emperor of Russia (Ivan VI).
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: poncho on February 11, 2015, 04:39:43 pm
I'm sure there are a lot of 'lost' treasure collecting dust in vaults in Switzerland.

It's not a question of 'if', just a question of 'how many'.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on February 11, 2015, 06:39:33 pm
I'm sure there are a lot of 'lost' treasure collecting dust in vaults in Switzerland.
It's not a question of 'if', just a question of 'how many'.

Those Nazi's love art and living in Switzerland .... I think this story had something to do with this guy ... Baron Thyssen

http://www.nytimes.com/2002/04/28/nyregion/baron-thyssen-bornemisza-industrialist-who-built-fabled-art-collection-dies-81.html
Baron Thyssen-Bornemisza, Industrialist Who Built Fabled Art Collection, Dies at 81
By JONATHAN KANDELL 

Baron Hans Heinrich Thyssen-Bornemisza, the Swiss industrial magnate who used his fabulous art collection to court fame and controversy, died yesterday in Spain. He was 81.
...
In both business and art, Baron Thyssen built upon his enormous inheritance. He diversified his father's war-shattered company, the Thyssen-Bornemisza Group (pronounced TEESS-an Bor-nuh-MEES-uh), into glass, plastics, automobile parts, trading and container leasing. From its profits, the baron also expanded his father's collection into a private art holding rivaled only by the collection of the queen of England.

The paintings -- more than 1,000 old and modern masters -- as well as sculptures and tapestries were stashed away in the galleries and vaults of the baron's villa on Lake Lugano in Switzerland. Then, after years of public haggling with several countries, Baron Thyssen sold the bulk of his treasures to Spain, the native land of his fifth wife, Carmen (Tita) Cervera. The artworks are on permanent display in the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum and also in a restored medieval monastery on the outskirts of Barcelona.

...
The fortune was only three generations old and the title even more recent. His grandfather, August Thyssen, of Rhineland peasant stock, built a chicken-wire business into a steel and armaments empire. Of his seven children, the most formidable were the oldest, Fritz, who inherited leadership of the family industries, and the third son, Heinrich, who was Heini's father.

Fritz Thyssen was one of Hitler's earliest and most ardent supporters, helping finance the Nazis' Beer-Hall Putsch in Munich in 1923. Though he broke with the Nazis during World War II and was interned in a concentration camp, his earlier notoriety led the Allies to jail him for several more years after the war
...
With the death of the patriarch August Thyssen in 1924, the family fortune was divided among his children.

Heinrich used his mighty inheritance to become a banker and shipping magnate in the Netherlands, and he invested much of his earnings in art, mainly old masters. With the outbreak of World War II, Heinrich Thyssen settled permanently in Lugano, Switzerland, where he already had made a private museum for his art collection in an 18th-century mansion, called Villa Favorita. Young Heini grew up surrounded by these treasures.
...
Besides his widow, the baron is survived by three sons and a daughter from his first four marriages: Georg Heinrich, Lorne and Wilfred Alexander, and Francesca, who is married to Karl von Habsburg, scion of the ruling house of Austria. He adopted Tita's son, Borja, whose father she never disclosed, after his last marriage.

http://www.thelocal.es/20140925/spanish-museum-thyssen-refuses-to-give-back-nazi-stolen-art-pisarro
Spain refuses to return painting looted by Nazis
Published: 25 Sep 2014 14:15 GMT+02:00
...
The Cassirer family from Munich have been embroiled in a legal battle with the Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum since 2006, when Claude Cassirer first discovered Camille Pissarro's 'Rue Saint Honoré in the Afternoon - Effect of Rain' was in the Spanish capital.

The painting, currently valued at €13 million ($16.5 million), was allegedly taken from Claude’s grandmother by Nazis who forced her to sell it to them for a nominal price in 1939.

It eventually came to be owned by Baron Thyssen, who first put it on display in his museum in 1992.

| - - -

http://www.davidrllitchfield.com/
The Times They Are A Changin (The Sale of Villa Favorita, Lugano – Part 1),
by Caroline D Schmitz
February 1st, 2015  :   

The lack of a fair distribution of assets in the world has reached a stage where the wealthiest 1% own more than the remaining 99% of the population, according to Credit Suisse. The Thyssens are a prime example of how a fortune, created through the dilligence of a few founding fathers and generations of their plants’ workforce, has multiplied exponentially through the use of financial instruments, multiple citizenships, political lobbying, press manipulation and, most of all, tax avoidance.

It was the last great Thyssen himself, Hans Heinrich („Heini“) Thyssen-Bornemisza, who told us: „I am a tax evader by profession. If you wanted to be correct, I should be in jail“. Villa Favorita in Lugano, Ticino, Switzerland, the closest the Thyssen-Bornemiszas ever got to a family seat, has been the symbol of their often rapacious attitude – hidden behind the veneer of their famous art collection – which has until recently gone unquestioned, accepted and even admired by the wider public.

Even before the First World War, Heini`s grandfather August, whose power base were the German steel mills and coal fields of the Ruhr, created a family bank in Rotterdam, the Bank voor Handel en Scheepvaart (BVHS), as an offshore bank for the Thyssen industrial empire. Heini’s father Heinrich, who had gained Hungarian nationality and a contrived aristocratic status through marriage, settled in Holland, took charge of the bank and fended off the post-war allied reparation claims, as well as the spiralling early 1920s hyperinflation. His Dutch lawyers created further financial instruments such as Rotterdamsch Trustees Kantoor and Holland American Investment (respectively Trading) Corporations. This situation later allowed Heini to consequently deny the family`s German connections while they continued well into the 1980s to draw their profits from the country.

The Thyssens were very well connected on the highest political level. They hosted Adolf Hitler several times at their residences in Holland and Germany during the Weimar Republic and, amongst other contributions, made a loan of 350,000 Reichsmark through BVHS to finance the Brown House in Munich
.

After August’s death in 1926, and on the advice of Heinrich`s social and financial mentor Eduard von der Heydt, the Thyssens began to orientate themselves towards Switzerland. Heinrich started buying works of art to reinforce his „gentlemanly“ image but mainly, according to Heini, „as an investment and a way of moving money“. The 530 paintings he acquired between 1928 and 1938, though of questionable quality and provenance in many cases, and earning negative reviews when the first 428 were exhibited as „Schloss Rohoncz Collection“ in Munich in 1930, laid the foundation of the Thyssen-Bornemisza Collection now housed in Spain.

In 1926 and 1931, in the Swiss canton of Schwyz, Heinrich`s advisors created the Kaszony and Rohoncz Collection Family Foundations to hold and protect his inherited corporate assets and his art purchases respectively.

Then, in 1932, he purchased 50,000 m² of Lake Lugano shoreline, comprising sub-tropical gardens and 12 buildings, a plot which had once been a whole quarter of noble villas, the most important being Villa Favorita. As Heinrich had bought the main residence complete with all furnishings in order to immerse himself in the style of the former princely owner, Leopold of Prussia, from 1936 to 1940 he had another building erected to house his art. But the exact logistics of the transfer of the paintings from their various points of purchase into Switzerland has remained shrouded in secrecy (its move out of Switzerland to Madrid half a century later was almost celebratory by comparison!).
 
In 1937, Heinrich’s Lugano lawyer Roberto van Aken, achieved a most favourable tax deal for his client with the Ticino authorities, as well as a Swiss foreigner’s passport, on the understanding that the collection be opened to the public. But while that same year his curator Rudolf Heinemann produced the first Lugano-based catalogue, the collection remained closed. Presumably neither side thought it wise to draw attention to the fact that this German tycoon was sheltering in Switzerland as his businesses supported Hitler’s genocidal war of aggression and exploited industrial slave labour – even though Helvetia profited from coal imports out of Heinrich’s Walsum mine through the Swiss Bank Corporation in Zurich. His German managers regularly visited him there,
including the director of the August Thyssen Bank in Berlin, which organised funds for the world-wide German counter-espionage through Switzerland.

After 1945, this mutually beneficial Swiss safehaven arrangement guaranteed that Heinrich, who was initially named on the list of war criminals to be judged at the Nuremberg war crimes trials, entirely escaped allied retribution. He died at Villa Favorita in 1947, untouched by public controversy, though ravaged by his long-standing, advanced alcoholism. The public myth of the Thyssen-Bornemiszas’ untainted background could now fully develop.

....
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on February 17, 2015, 11:26:34 am
4Star ADM-- Muslim B-hood Has Penetrated ALL Nat. Sec. Agencies under Obama
http://archive.frontpagemag.com/readarticle.aspx?ARTID=4476
The Muslim Brotherhood "Project"
By: Patrick Poole
 FrontPageMagazine.com | Thursday, May 11, 2006

One might be led to think that if international law enforcement authorities and Western intelligence agencies had discovered a twenty-year old document revealing a top-secret plan developed by the oldest Islamist organization with one of the most extensive terror networks in the world to launch a program of “cultural invasion” and eventual conquest of the West that virtually mirrors the tactics used by Islamists for more than two decades, that such news would scream from headlines published on the front pages and above the fold of the New York Times, Washington Post, London Times, Le Monde, Bild, and La Repubblica. 

If that’s what you might think, you would be wrong.

In fact, such a document was recovered in a raid by Swiss authorities in November 2001, two months after the horror of 9/11. Since that time information about this document, known in counterterrorism circles as “The Project”, and discussion regarding its content has been limited to the top-secret world of Western intelligence communities. Only through the work of an intrepid Swiss journalist, Sylvain Besson of Le Temps, and his book published in October 2005 in France, La conquête de l'Occident: Le projet secret des Islamistes (The Conquest of the West: The Islamists' Secret Project), has information regarding The Project finally been made public. One Western official cited by Besson has described The Project as “a totalitarian ideology of infiltration which represents, in the end, the greatest danger for European societies.”

Now FrontPage readers will be the first to be able to read the complete English translation of The Project.

What Western intelligence authorities know about The Project begins with the raid of a luxurious villa in Campione, Switzerland on November 7, 2001. The target of the raid was Youssef Nada, director of the Al-Taqwa Bank of Lugano, who has had active association with the Muslim Brotherhood for more than 50 years and who admitted to being one of the organization’s international leaders. The Muslim Brotherhood, regarded as the oldest and one of the most important Islamist movements in the world, was founded by Hasan al-Banna in 1928 and dedicated to the credo, “Allah is our objective. The Prophet is our leader. Qur’an is our law. Jihad is our way. Dying in the way of Allah is our highest hope.”

The raid was conducted by Swiss law enforcement at the request of the White House in the initial crackdown on terrorist finances in the immediate aftermath of 9/11
. US and Swiss investigators had been looking at Al-Taqwa’s involvement in money laundering and funding a wide range of Islamic terrorist groups, including Al-Qaeda, HAMAS (the Palestinian affiliate of the Muslim Brotherhood), the Algerian GIA, and the Tunisian Ennahdah.

Included in the documents seized during the raid of Nada’s Swiss villa was a 14-page plan written in Arabic and dated December 1, 1982, which outlines a 12-point strategy to “establish an Islamic government on earth” – identified as The Project. According to testimony given to Swiss authorities by Nada, the unsigned document was prepared by “Islamic researchers” associated with the Muslim Brotherhood.
...

 The following tactics and techniques are among the many recommendations made in The Project:

 
•Networking and coordinating actions between likeminded Islamist organizations; 
•Avoiding open alliances with known terrorist organizations and individuals to maintain the appearance of “moderation”; 
•Infiltrating and taking over existing Muslim organizations to realign them towards the Muslim Brotherhood’s collective goals; 
•Using deception to mask the intended goals of Islamist actions, as long as it doesn’t conflict with shari’a law; 
•Avoiding social conflicts with Westerners locally, nationally or globally, that might damage the long-term ability to expand the Islamist powerbase in the West or provoke a lash back against Muslims; 
•Establishing financial networks to fund the work of conversion of the West, including the support of full-time administrators and workers; 
•Conducting surveillance, obtaining data, and establishing collection and data storage capabilities; 
•Putting into place a watchdog system for monitoring Western media to warn Muslims of “international plots fomented against them”; 
•Cultivating an Islamist intellectual community, including the establishment of think-tanks and advocacy groups, and publishing “academic” studies, to legitimize Islamist positions and to chronicle the history of Islamist movements; 
•Developing a comprehensive 100-year plan to advance Islamist ideology throughout the world; 
•Balancing international objectives with local flexibility; 
•Building extensive social networks of schools, hospitals and charitable organizations dedicated to Islamist ideals so that contact with the movement for Muslims in the West is constant; 
•Involving ideologically committed Muslims in democratically-elected institutions on all levels in the West, including government, NGOs, private organizations and labor unions; 
•Instrumentally using existing Western institutions until they can be converted and put into service of Islam; 
•Drafting Islamic constitutions, laws and policies for eventual implementation; 
•Avoiding conflict within the Islamist movements on all levels, including the development of processes for conflict resolution; 
•Instituting alliances with Western “progressive” organizations that share similar goals; 
•Creating autonomous “security forces” to protect Muslims in the West; 
•Inflaming violence and keeping Muslims living in the West “in a jihad frame of mind”; 
•Supporting jihad movements across the Muslim world through preaching, propaganda, personnel, funding, and technical and operational support; 
•Making the Palestinian cause a global wedge issue for Muslims; 
•Adopting the total liberation of Palestine from Israel and the creation of an Islamic state as a keystone in the plan for global Islamic domination; 
•Instigating a constant campaign to incite hatred by Muslims against Jews and rejecting any discussions of conciliation or coexistence with them; 
•Actively creating jihad terror cells within Palestine; 
•Linking the terrorist activities in Palestine with the global terror movement; 
•Collecting sufficient funds to indefinitely perpetuate and support jihad around the world;

In reading The Project, it should be kept in mind that it was drafted in 1982 when current tensions and terrorist activities in the Middle East were still very nascent. In many respects, The Project is extremely prescient for outlining the bulk of Islamist action, whether by “moderate” Islamist organizations or outright terror groups, over the past two decades.

...
To read the English translation of The Project, click here
http://www.frontpagemag.com/articles/readarticle.asp?ID=22416&p=1

| - - - -

reference:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Al_Taqwa_Bank

The Al Taqwa Bank (occasionally Bank al Taqwa or simply Al Taqwa[1]) is a financial institution incorporated in 1988. It is based out of The Bahamas, Switzerland, and Liechtenstein. Al Taqwa Bank was accused by the United States of having links to Islamist terror organizations, and that it was a major source of funds for the operations of Osama bin Laden and his associates.[2] On August 2, 2010, the bank was removed from a list of entities and individuals associated with Al Qaeda that is maintained by the UN Security Council.[3][4]
...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Youssef_Nada
Youssef Moustafa Nada (born 17 May 1931, in Egypt) is a noted businessman and Muslim Brotherhood financial strategist. Nada is most famous for raising successful European human rights legal cases to defend himself against accusations of terrorism by the United States. The U.S. accusations, made directly after the 9/11 attacks, resulted in his placement on the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1267 terror blacklist.

In 2001, Nada, former chairman of al Taqwa Bank, was placed on the UN terror list by the US Treasury Department. Nada was alleged to have financed activities of al Qaeda, charges Nada vehemently denied.[1] The U.S. accusation was made applicable under the UN terror-listing program and affected his life in Switzerland, notably his assets, reputation, honor, and ability to move freely. In 2006, he sued the Swiss government for restitution of financial losses due to the Swiss investigation.[2]

By 2009, both the Swiss and Italian investigations of Nada were dropped as no evidence was found to support the U.S. accusations. Both Switzerland and Italy petitioned the UN Terrorism Committee to remove Nada's name from the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1267 blacklist, at the objection of the United States. The U.S. finally acquiesced to his removal on 24 September 2009, but retained Nada on the domestic U.S. Treasury list under Executive Order 13224.

The United States refuses to disclose evidence of Nada's guilt, claiming that the evidence is classified.[4]

Between 2007–2009, Nada's ordeal was the focal point of a Council of Europe Parliamentary human rights investigation of the UN terror-blacklisting procedures, and the UN Terrorism Committee in general.[5]

In 2008, Nada raised a case against Switzerland at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg.

On 12 September 2012, the European Court of Human Rights ruled in favor of Nada,[4] citing that Nada's human rights had been violated,[6][7] in the context of the European Convention on Human Rights. In this ruling the government of Switzerland was ordered to pay Nada 30,000 Euros in damages, for their treatment of him as a person placed — with no evidence of guilt — on the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1267 terror blacklist by the United States.
...

| - - - - -

http://www.historycommons.org/context.jsp?item=a1282theproject
Context of 'December 1982: Muslim Brotherhood Project to Infiltrate and Defeat the West'

This is a scalable context timeline. It contains events related to the event December 1982: Muslim Brotherhood Project to Infiltrate and Defeat the West. You can narrow or broaden the context of this timeline by adjusting the zoom level. The lower the scale, the more relevant the items on average will be, while the higher the scale, the less relevant the items, on average, will be.


December 1982: Muslim Brotherhood Project to Infiltrate and Defeat the West

Youssef Nada.
Youssef Nada. [Source: Zuma Press/ NewsCom]
In November 2001, Swiss investigators will search the home of Youssef Nada, the leader of Al Taqwa Bank, a Swiss bank that had just been shut down by the US and the UN for alleged ties to al-Qaeda, Hamas, and other radical militant groups (see November 7, 2001). Nada and other Al Taqwa directors are prominent members of the Muslim Brotherhood. Newsweek will say, “The Brotherhood, founded in Egypt in 1928 as a religious and quasi-political counterweight to the corrupt and increasingly decadent royalist and colonial governments dominating the Islamic world, always has had two faces: one a peaceful public, proselytizing and social-welfare oriented wing; the other a clandestine, paramilitary wing.… Intelligence and law-enforcement officials say that while some branches and elements of the Brotherhood, such as the offshoots now operating in Egypt and Syria, have pledged to work for their goal of a worldwide Islamic caliphate using peaceful means and electoral politics, the Brotherhood has also spun off many—if not most—of the more violent local and international groups devoted to the cause of Islamic holy war.” Such offshoots will include al-Qaeda and Hamas. [Newsweek, 12/24/2004] Swiss investigators discover a 14-page document from December 1982 entitled “The Project.” Nada claims not to know who wrote the document or how he came to have it, and he says he disagrees with most of the contents. The document details a strategic plan whose ultimate goal is “the establishment of the reign of God over the entire world.” The document begins, “This report presents a global vision of an international strategy of Islamic policy.” It recommends to “study of the centers of power locally and worldwide, and the possibilities of placing them under influence,” to contact and support new holy war movements anywhere in the world, to support holy war in Palestine, and “nurtur[e] the sentiment of rancor with regard to Jews.” Swiss investigators who analyze the document will later write that the strategy aims to achieve “a growing influence over the Muslim world. It is pointed out that the [Muslim Brotherhood] doesn’t have to act in the name of the Brotherhood, but can infiltrate existing entities. They can thus avoid being located and neutralized.” The document also advocates creating a network of religious, educational, and charitable institutions in Europe and the US to increase influence there. [Unknown, 12/1982;
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on February 19, 2015, 10:37:10 am
http://news.yahoo.com/swiss-prosecutor-orders-probe-search-hsbc-offices-085355072.html

Swiss raid HSBC in money laundering probe

AFP
By Nina Larson
19 hours ago

Swiss authorities on Wednesday raided British banking giant HSBC's Swiss unit as part of a money laundering probe into the bank that has been accused of helping clients to dodge millions of dollars in taxes.

The investigation comes just days after HSBC Switzerland became the centre of a global scandal following the publication of secret documents claiming it assisted many of its wealthy clients in thwarting the taxman

...

The search and money laundering investigation was launched "following the recent revelations related to HSBC Private Bank (Switzerland)," they added.

The cache of files, made public in the so-called SwissLeaks case, claimed HSBC's Swiss private banking arm helped clients in more than 200 countries evade taxes on accounts containing $119 billion (104 billion euros).

The files provided details on over 100,000 HSBC clients, including people targeted by US sanctions, suspected arms dealers and drug traffickers.

...

In London, chief political commentator Peter Oborne announced his resignation from the Daily Telegraph as he accused the broadsheet of suppressing negative stories about HSBC to keep the valuable advertiser happy. The Telegraph denied the accusations.


| - - -


Related Stories


1. [$$] HSBC’s Swiss Unit Probed by Prosecutor The Wall Street Journal
2. The Swiss Private Banking Scandal Is Just Heating Up The Fiscal Times
3. HSBC 'tax dodge' revelations are just tip of iceberg, says leaker AFP
4. HSBC raided as officials launch money-laundering probe Center for Public Integrity
5. Swiss prosecutor raids HSBC office, opens criminal inquiry Reuters
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on February 27, 2015, 11:09:33 am
Said Ramadan

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Said_Ramadan

Said Ramadan (Arabic: سعيد رمضان‎; born April 12, 1926 in Shibin Al Kawm, Al Minufiyah, died August 4, 1995 in Geneva) was an Egyptian religious scholar and activist, and a major figure in the Muslim Brotherhood. He was the son-in-law of Hassan al-Banna, the Muslim Brotherhood's founder. After being expelled from Egypt by Gamal Abdul Nasser for his activities, Said Ramadan moved to Saudi Arabia where he was one of the original members of the constituent council of the Muslim World League, a charity and missionary group.[1]

He then moved to Geneva, Switzerland, before finishing a dissertation at the University of Cologne in 1959.

In 1961 he founded the Islamic Center in Geneva, a combination mosque, think tank, and community center. His son Hani Ramadan now runs that center.

Another son, Tariq Ramadan is prominent in international Islamic affairs and academics.

Said Ramadan's US connections included Muslim leader Malcolm X.


http://www.sacred-destinations.com/switzerland/geneva-centre-islamique
Islamic Center of Geneva

The Centre Islamique de Genève (Islamic Center of Geneva) is also known as "the Little Mosque" of Geneva.

It is the oldest Islamic center in Europe, founded by the Egyptian Said Ramadan in 1965.

The Center occupies a small whitewashed house with green shutters, close to Lake Geneva in the Les Eaux-Vives neighborhood. The largest room on the lower level of the house has been converted into a mosque.


http://www.militantislammonitor.org/article/id/1927
Muslims at Saudi funded Geneva Islamic Center run by banned prof Tariq Ramadan's family plotted to down El Al plane
 
Al Qaeda cell members arrested throughout Switzerland : Islamic Center director Hani Ramadan PR:"We have nothing to hide"
 May 21, 2006

|  - - -
http://www.blackagendareport.com/node/14686
Was Malcolm X a political Islamist?
...
In late October [1964] he is in Nigeria and arrives in Ghana on the 2nd November before moving onto Geneva on the 16th November, he takes in Liberia, Guinea and Dakar, Senegal. While in Geneva he met the exiled Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood operator, Said Ramadan for an evening. The Brotherhood had been proscribed and some members imprisoned in Egypt after their failed assassination attempt on President Gamal Abd al-Nasser. He arrives back in New York on the 24th November after spending a week in Paris.

| - - - -

http://www.cnn.com/2010/CRIME/04/26/malcolmx.killer/
Malcolm X killer freed after 44 years
By Wayne Drash, CNN
April 28, 2010 9:02 a.m. EDT
...
The ballroom where he was killed has now been converted into The Malcolm X & Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center. Board Chairman Zead Ramadan said the center doesn't have a position on Hagan's release.


| - - -

http://boryanabooks.com/?p=2088
The Strange Career of Ahmad Kamal and How He Helped the CIA Invite Radical Islam into Europe
October 1, 2012 · Posted in Commentary 

(http://boryanabooks.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/Said_Ramadan.jpg)
Said Ramadan, Muslim Brotherhood representative in Munich who got the mosque project off the ground
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on March 06, 2015, 12:01:09 pm
http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/03/06/us-swiss-usa-snowden-idUSKBN0M21KO20150306
Snowden says he'd like to return to Geneva
By Stephanie Nebehay
GENEVA  Fri Mar 6, 2015 10:00am EST


(Reuters) - Edward Snowden has made a public appeal for Switzerland to grant him asylum, saying he would like to return to live in Geneva, where he once worked undercover for the Central Intelligence Agency.

The fugitive former U.S. spy agency contractor, wanted by Washington for leaking details of U.S. mass surveillance programs, spoke from Moscow by video link to a Geneva audience after a viewing of "Citizenfour", an Oscar-winning documentary about his case.

"I would love to return to Switzerland, some of my favorite memories are from Geneva. It's a wonderful place," he told the International Film Festival and Forum on Human Rights on Thursday night
, where he was asked about seeking asylum.

"I do think Switzerland would be a sort of great political option because it has a history of neutrality," he said, praising its multicultural diversity and human rights record.

Snowden said he had appealed to 21 countries, "the majority in central and Western Europe", for asylum after the United States canceled his passport and he was stopped from going to Ecuador.

"Unfortunately no country said yes," he said, blaming "political interference" by the Obama administration.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on March 06, 2015, 12:31:42 pm
The Globalist Baby eating PRO-Commie US Chamber of Commerce GOP/DNC

(http://www.mygen.com/images/ChildEater_Bern.jpg) The Child Eater of Bern -A nearly 500 year old sculpture depicts a man eating a sack of babies, and no one is sure why

True Colors (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=juiCRd5XllA)

http://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2014/12/17/chamber-of-commerce-welcomes-obama-cuba-announcement/
Chamber of Commerce 'Welcomes' Obama Cuba Announcement

The U.S. Chamber of Commerce said it “welcomes” President Barack Obama’s announcement that the United States and Cuba will start to normalize relations.

Chamber of Commerce President and CEO Tom Donohue said the “U.S. business community welcomes today’s announcement, and has long supported many of the economic provisions the president touched on in his remarks
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on April 24, 2015, 11:20:53 am
(http://d12vb6dvkz909q.cloudfront.net/uploads/galleries/240/the-sound-of-music-1920x1080.jpg)

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3053619/Feeling-glum-Switzerland-Swiss-nation-happiest-Earth-America-15th-grumpy-Britain-21st.html

Swiss nation is the happiest on Earth, with America 15th... and grumpy Britain 21st
List is dominated by European nations - particularly those in Scandinavia
Switzerland is now the happiest nation, with Iceland the most rapid riser
Reasons range from strong GDP to beautiful scenery and a vibrant culture
UK ranks at a lowly 21, although Brits are happier now than back in 2012
World's least happy nations are unsurprisingly places ravaged by war and extreme poverty, such as Syria, Burundi and Togo

By John Hall for MailOnline

Published: 04:46 EST, 24 April 2015  | Updated: 05:49 EST, 24 April 2015
...

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3053619/Feeling-glum-Switzerland-Swiss-nation-happiest-Earth-America-15th-grumpy-Britain-21st.html#ixzz3YFDg3QlR
Follow us: @MailOnline on Twitter | DailyMail on Facebook

(http://i.dailymail.co.uk/i/pix/2014/10/23/1414055917695_Image_galleryImage_Pic_shows_Plastic_takeout.JPG)

(http://i.ytimg.com/vi/iaTEHNAt5Ys/maxresdefault.jpg)
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on June 13, 2015, 12:28:50 pm
Chanel: A Woman of Her Own
 By Axel Madsen (https://books.google.com/books?id=j27kBgAAQBAJ&pg=PT310&lpg=PT310&dq=spatz+coco+switzerland&source=bl&ots=ytZnLSMNO7&sig=yV-Nl7oKxFN6TI9x_PuIo7gWAPI&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CB8Q6AEwAGoVChMI_ty0n5iNxgIVEgOSCh2NRwB7#v=onepage&q=spatz%20coco%20switzerland&f=false)


https://foursquare.com/v/coco-outlet/513b47cfe4b0d54acff24312
Coco Outlet
Boutique
Saint Moritz, Switzerland

http://www.citroenet.org.uk/miscellaneous/obituary/obituary.html
,..
Regularly throughout that period the Citroën family took their winter holidays at Saint-Moritz in the company of Charlie Chaplin, while in summer they they always rented the same seaside villa at Deauville where they entertained their friends from Paris; typically the guest-list included such celebrities as Coco Chanel, Josephine Baker and Maurice Chevalier. To amuse his children, André Citroën presented them with an electrically-powered half-scale model of the latest Citroën model which, with the permission of the Deauville police, they were allowed to drive about the town on the public roads. Every season, they would enter their little car in the annual Concours d'Elegance held by the Deauville automobile club.


https://www.pinterest.com/pin/389772542722695183/
(https://s-media-cache-ak0.pinimg.com/736x/12/34/a7/1234a7bdf096f154fe2dbec12d15e10e.jpg)
Coco Chanel. A Nazi collaborator during WWII . . .shown here with her lover German officer Hans Gunther van Dincklage---aka "Spatz" .
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on August 15, 2015, 07:31:52 pm
interesting 6 million non-jews at least were murdered by the Nazi's . I wonder if any of them had swiss bank accounts? ....

here are some links:



good history channel documentary ... talks about American planes being shot down by the Swiss ... talks about Italian jews being sent to the camps by train via Switzerland ...  talks about Swiss munitions factories sending arms to the Nazi's paid for with Nazi gold ...

Swiss have an estimated 20 billion in todays dollars from Nazi + holocaust accounts 

Interesting also in this documentary they have the Canadian booze gangster Bronfman shaking down the swiss for money ...
 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=le1TT53tGEc
Tracking Nazi Gold - Dead Men's Secrets - YouTube

gee you were always told it was 12 million ... well it was more like 20 million ... ( "only" six million jewish people murdered )  I wonder if any of the non jews had gold watches or teeth?

http://www.businessinsider.com/shocking-new-holocaust-study-claims-nazis-killed-up-to-20-million-people-2013-3
'Shocking' Holocaust Study Claims Nazis Killed Up To 20 Million People
The Telegraph 
Matthew Day, The Telegraph
Mar. 4, 2013, 6:23 AM

The Nazi Holocaust may have claimed up to 20 million lives, a figure far greater than previous estimates, new research has revealed.

The millions disappeared into a Nazi imprisonment and killing machine that covered a bloody swathe of Europe and appears to have been far more deadly than has been thought.

Up until now, the Holocaust is thought to have consumed between five and six million Jews, with an estimated further six million other people also murdered by the Nazi regime.

The new figures of 15 to 20 million, which have astonished some Holocaust historians, come after thirteen years of painstaking study at Washington's Holocaust Memorial Museum . Historians at the museum brought together and studied the huge amount, and often disparate, files and research on the Holocaust.

"The results of our research are shocking," Geoffrey Megargee, the director of the study, told The Independent newspaper. "We are putting together numbers that no one ever compiled before, even for camp systems that have been fairly well researched - and many of them have not been."

The research covered some 42,400 camps and ghettos across Europe, and also included forced-labour camps and Nazi "care" centres where pregnant women were forced to have an abortion or had their child killed right after giving birth. It also drew in camps, prisons and killing grounds used by Nazi puppet regimes in countries such as France and Romania.

The number of locations is almost double previous estimates made by the same institution and, all told, they may have imprisoned and killed between 15 to 20 million people.

"The numbers are so much higher than what we originally thought," Hartmut Berghoff, director of the German Historical Institute in America, said in an interview after learning of the new data. "We knew before how horrible life in the camps and ghettos was but the numbers are unbelievable.


Read more: http://www.businessinsider.com/shocking-new-holocaust-study-claims-nazis-killed-up-to-20-million-people-2013-3#ixzz3ivtPo12r

| -- - - -

http://www.ukemonde.com/holocaust/victims.html
Overlooked Millions: Non-Jewish Victims of the Holocaust
Karen Silverstrim, MA Candidate

...

Victims of the Holocaust are those groups of people targeted for immediate death by the Nazis and their accomplices, or treated in such a way so as to knowingly lead to their eventual deaths. Victims come from many countries throughout Europe and are not limited to strictly victims in Germany during World War II.

The Holocaust was more than a Jewish event. Records kept by the Germans prove they exterminated millions of Communists, Czechs, Greeks, Gypsies, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses, mentally and physically handicapped, Poles, resistance fighters, Russians, Serbs, Socialists, Spanish Republicans, trade unionists, Ukrainians, Yugoslavians, prisoners of war of many nations, and still others whose identity may never be recognized.(1)

Their victims, according to one survivor of four different concentration camps, "were of some thirty nationalities, from Nepalese to Andorrans, and of a variety of racial and linguistic stocks ranging from Basques to Buriats and from Ladinos to Lapps".(2) When people were not immediately exterminated, they were sent to work and/or concentration camps. There the prisoners were divided into six penal categories and given patches on their clothing for identification purposes. Ordinary criminals were assigned green; political prisoners wore red; black was worn by asocials (slackers, prostitutes, procurers, etc.); homosexuals wore pink; conscientious objectors wore purple, and the Jewish people wore yellow

...

 Current estimates based on documents from Nazi war records, and official government documents of various countries, place the death toll of people murdered by the Nazis during the Holocaust as conservatively over 15 million non-combatant people.(5) One official source estimates the number killed at 26 million.(6) However, "with the mass graves on the eastern front, exact figures will never be known


|- - - - -

now that they have "settled" over jewish accounts (for now) .... Swiss try to close out wwii accounts (of non jews)

http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/05/03/swiss-banks-accounts-idUSL5N0XU0B920150503
Sun May 3, 2015 7:45am EDT
Related:  Financials 
Swiss probe thousands of unclaimed accounts opened before 1955

BERLIN/ZURICH


May 3 Swiss banks have discovered thousands of accounts opened before 1955 and dormant for at least 50 years, a German newspaper reported on Sunday, saying the move could help reveal where wartime Nazi loot was stashed.

Germany's Welt am Sonntag newspaper said the accounts were being examined under a new Swiss law that requires banks to publish information this year on accounts that were opened at least 60 years ago and have been unclaimed for 50 years.

A spokeswoman for the Swiss Bankers Association (SBA)confirmed the report, saying the accounts in question were from both Swiss and foreign customers, adding that there was no specific Nazi link and the banks were not looking for particular groups.
 
"This publication is important for the banks as it allows them to search very widely for beneficiaries of the unclaimed wealth before the money has to be handed over to the government," the spokeswoman said.

Unclaimed accounts are a sensitive topic in Switzerland after the World Jewish Congress led a campaign in the 1990s for Swiss banks to return assets of Holocaust victims.
 
Strict secrecy laws mean that Swiss banks fiercely guard the identity of their clients, a tradition that has come under fire for helping hide tax evaders and which encouraged Nazis to open accounts in the neutral state during World War Two.
 
The Welt am Sonntag report, published as Berlin marked 70 years since the end of the war, said at least one suspicious account had turned up, opened by a German in 1940 and containing more than 1,000 Swiss francs.
...

| - - - - -

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2010-10-01/suspect-in-swiss-tax-data-sale-believed-to-have-killed-himself
Tax Data Sale Suspect Thought to Have Killed Himself
by Carolyn Bandel
October 1, 2010 — 8:55 AM PDT

Oct. 1 (Bloomberg) -- An Austrian man held in connection with the theft of Swiss bank-account details and their sale to Germany is believed to have killed himself in prison.

Guards at a regional jail in the Swiss capital of Bern discovered the 42-year-old man dead in his cell on Sept. 29 as they came to bring him breakfast, the Swiss federal prosecutor’s office said in an e-mailed statement. He had been detained since mid-September on suspicion of economic espionage, it said.

The suspect, who wasn’t identified, was held in an investigation into the alleged theft of client data from Swiss banks, which were subsequently sold to German tax investigators, prosecution spokeswoman Jeanette Balmer said today by e-mail. Officials in the German state of Baden-Wuerttemberg said in August they were using information from an informant to identify possible tax dodgers who stashed funds in Switzerland.

...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: EvadingGrid on August 15, 2015, 07:37:05 pm
Did The Knights Templars Form Switzerland?

1. The founding of the embryonic Switzerland conforms exactly to the period when the Templars were being persecuted in France.

2. Switzerland is just to the east of France and would have been particularly easy for fleeing Templar brothers from the whole region of France to get to.

3. In the history of the first Swiss Cantons there are tales of white coated knights mysteriously appearing and helping the locals to gain their independence against foreign domination.

4. The Templars were big in banking, farming and engineering (of an early type). These same aspects can be seen as inimical to the commencement and gradual evolution of the separate states that would eventually be Switzerland.

5. Even the Swiss don’t really know the ins and outs of their earliest history (or suggest that they don’t.) They are famous for being secretive and we don’t have to tell interested readers that this is something they share absolutely with the Templars.

6. The famous Templar Cross is incorporated into the flags of many of the Swiss Cantons. As are other emblems, such as keys and lambs, that were particularly important to the Knights Templar.

7. The Swiss were and are famous for their religious tolerance – and so were the Templars.

source (http://blog.templarhistory.com/2010/03/did-the-templars-form-switzerland/)
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on August 18, 2015, 02:11:30 pm
http://www.newsweek.com/jonathan-pollard-israel-spy-one-million-dollars-357943
Does Israeli Spy Jonathan Pollard Have $1 Million Waiting in a Swiss Bank Account?
By Jeff Stein  7/28/15 at 7:16 PM

If past reports are true, convicted spy Jonathan Pollard could have about $1 million waiting for him in a Swiss bank account when he is released from federal prison on parole in November. Pollard, whose release was announced on Tuesday, has served nearly 30 years for supplying the Israeli government with classified U.S. intelligence documents.

Pollard's new problem: how to get to the cash, and when. According to multiple past reports based on the statements of United States investigators, Israeli intelligence paid Pollard $50,000 by the time he was arrested in 1985, on top of lavish gifts, and promised to deposit $30,000 a year for him in a secret Swiss bank account. The original 10-year deal could have amounted to as much as $540,000, officials said when he went to jail. But if the Israelis continued the payments to their captured spy—a common practice of major espionage agencies the world over—then Pollard could be in line for a $1 million payday, or more.

News of Pollard claiming such a reward, however, could touch off a firestorm in the already rocky relations between the U.S. and Israel.

...

As for the conditions of Pollard’s parole, Bowman said, "they don't have to give him his [U.S.] passport back, but I suspect they would.” He added, “Israel deposited money for him in a Swiss bank account.”

...

But according to Ron Olive, the NCIS investigator in the case, hard copies of the documents that Pollard stole over 18 months could “fill a room that is six feet by six feet by ten.”

"No other spy in the history of the United States stole so many secrets, so highly classified, in such a short period of time," he said in a 2010 interview. He and other U.S. intelligence officials maintain that Pollard sold documents to “Pakistan, South Africa and two other countries they declined to identify,” Bowman said.

Charles S. Leeper, the assistant United States attorney who prosecuted Pollard, said money was a big motivation for the spy, who claimed he was only trying to help Israel, a U.S. ally, not not to betray his country, according to a 1999 account by Seymour Hersh in The New Yorker. In his sentencing memorandum, Leeper pointed to Pollard’s annual cash contract with the Israelis, saying he “stood to receive an additional five hundred and forty thousand dollars ($540,000) over the expected life of the conspiracy,” Hersh reported.


...

Pollard's first wife, Anne Henderson Pollard, who was arrested with her husband in 1985 and served 40 months of a five-year prison term for being an accessory to possessing classified documents, moved to Israel in 2010. In a 2014 Israeli TV interview, she said she had been “abandoned and betrayed” by the Jewish state.

Suffering from poor health, she said: “The government owes me at least… they owe me for my medical issues. I’ve never asked anybody to feel pity. I’m not being a victim. What I’m trying to do is have an ounce of justice.”

Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on August 18, 2015, 04:02:26 pm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran%E2%80%93Switzerland_relations
...
Friedrich Tinner, the Iranian nuclear program and the CIA

Friedrich Tinner is a Swiss engineer, connected with the Khan network trafficking in the proliferation of nuclear materials and know-how to Pakistan, Iran, Libya, and North Korea. He has been connected in particular with gas centrifuges used for isotopic enrichment of uranium.[8] In May 2008, the President of the Swiss Confederation, Pascal Couchepin announced that the Tinner files, believed to number around 30,000 documents, had been shredded.[9] It is alleged that this was a cover-up, to hide the involvement of Urs Tinner with the CIA.[10][11]
...

http://www.timesofisrael.com/swiss-nuke-smugglers-who-aided-cia-avoid-more-jail/
Swiss nuke smugglers who aided CIA avoid more jail

Prosecution documents shed light on successful US operation to destroy smuggling network of Abdul Qadeer Khan, architect of Pakistan’s nuclear program
By Frank Jordans September 19, 2012, 10:23 am

BERLIN (AP) — Three Swiss engineers accused of participating in a global nuclear smuggling ring are set to avoid further prison time, in part because they helped the CIA bust the network that was supplying Libya’s atomic weapons program.

Prosecution documents released Tuesday outline a plea bargain agreement under which Urs Tinner, 46, his brother Marco, 43, and their 74-year-old father, Friedrich, would accept the charges against them in return for prison terms that are shorter than the time they have already spent in investigative custody.
...
The documents also shed light on the US intelligence agency’s successful operation to destroy the nuclear smuggling network of Abdul Qadeer Khan, the architect of Pakistan’s nuclear weapons program.

Friedrich Tinner had longstanding contacts to Khan dating back to 1975, according to Swiss prosecutors. The two continued to do business – with Tinner supplying equipment and expertise for uranium enrichment to Khan – even after Pakistan detonated its first nuclear bomb in 1998.
...
Khan built up an international network selling equipment to countries with nuclear weapons ambitions, including Libya and Iran. Prosecutors said all three of the accused were involved in the smuggling ring and supplied key equipment and blueprints for the production of gas centrifuges that are needed to enrich uranium to weapons grade levels.

Urs Tinner claimed in a 2009 interview with Swiss television that he had tipped off the CIA about a delivery of centrifuge parts destined for Libya’s nuclear weapons program. The shipment was seized at the Italian port of Taranto in October 2003, forcing Libya to admit and eventually renounce its efforts to acquire nuclear weapons technology
...
The CIA declined comment on the Tinner case. But the agency has said in the past that “the disruption of the A.Q. Khan network was a genuine intelligence success, one in which the CIA played a key role.”

Federal prosecutors in Switzerland said the Tinners’ cooperation with U.S. authorities and the UN nuclear agency should count as a mitigating factor in their sentencing. They added that the Swiss government’s 2007 decision to destroy evidence in the case should also weigh in the men’s favor, as the shredding of key documents made many of the allegations hard to prove. Prosecutors managed to recover some – but not all – of the files from Germany, where another Khan associate was sentenced in 2008.

The Tinners will appear before Switzerland’s Federal Criminal Tribunal in Bellinzona for sentencing on Monday.

| - - - -

http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/tinner-assistant-acquitted-in-nuclear-smuggling-case/41112190
Tinner assistant acquitted in nuclear smuggling case
Nov 12, 2014 - 20:04 

An engineer has been acquitted of collaborating with members of the Tinner family, who were convicted of nuclear smuggling

...

[ But the swissys can shred evidence and it OK !!! ]

Destroyed files

Despite the length of time the case has taken, many of the details concerning the Tinners’ involvement will never be known.

In March 2013, the justice ministry implemented a cabinet decision and destroyed copies of documents that the Federal Prosecutor’s Office had found in its archives at the end of 2008.

The files comprised 58 pages of information on the manufacture of nuclear weapons, together with other documents with information on uranium enrichment. The originals were destroyed with other documents back in 2007 on instructions from the cabinet


photo of Swissy Tinner's ear :

http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/nuclear-case-wrapped-up_authorities-destroy-copies-of-tinner-files/35329342

(http://www.swissinfo.ch/image/35327670/3x2/640/426/d07032454ac62e2c1bae7cdfb2e1dc3a/dg/153719315-35327672.jpg)
Friedrich Tinner hides behind a newspaper at the Federal Criminal Court in September 2012
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on August 25, 2015, 01:51:02 pm
http://www.nestle.com/aboutus/management
(http://www.nestle.com/Asset-library/PublishingImages/AboutUs/PBL-and-PB.jpg)
NESTLÉ LEADERS: Peter Brabeck-Letmathe, left, Nestlé Chairman and Paul Bulcke, Nestlé Chief Executive Officer (CEO)

http://www.globalresearch.ca/the-privatisation-of-water-nestle-denies-that-water-is-a-fundamental-human-right/5332238
The Privatization of Water: Nestlé CEO Denies that Water is a Fundamental Human Right

Originally published in December 2013

The current Chairman and former CEO of Nestlé, the largest producer of food products in the world, believes that the answer to global water issues is privatization. This statement is on record from the wonderful company that has peddled junk food in the Amazon, has invested money to thwart the labeling of GMO-filled products, has a disturbing health and ethics record for its infant formula, and has deployed a cyber army to monitor Internet criticism and shape discussions in social media.

This is apparently the company we should trust to manage our water, despite the record of large bottling companies like Nestlé having a track record of creating shortages:


Large multinational beverage companies are usually given water-well privileges (and even tax breaks) over citizens because they create jobs, which is apparently more important to the local governments than water rights to other taxpaying citizens. These companies such as Coca Cola and Nestlé (which bottles suburban Michigan well-water and calls it Poland Spring) suck up millions of gallons of water, leaving the public to suffer with any shortages. (source)

But Chairman, Peter Brabeck-Letmathe, believes that “access to water is not a public right.” Nor is it a human right. So if privatization is the answer, is this the company in which the public should place its trust?
...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_Brabeck-Letmathe
Peter Brabeck-Letmathe (born 13 November 1944) is an Austrian businessman. He is the chairman and former CEO of the Nestlé Group,[1] and chairman of Formula One.[2]
...

On 5 June 1997, he was elected to the board of directors, and appointed chief executive officer of Nestlé S.A. On 6 April 2001, the board of directors elected him as vice-chairman, and in April 2005, chairman of the board.

In 2008, Brabeck-Letmathe stepped down as CEO

...

Brabeck-Letmathe is on the board of directors of Credit Suisse Group, L'Oréal, and ExxonMobil. He is also a member of ERT (European Round Table of Industrialists) and a member of the foundation board of the World Economic Forum. His earnings in 2006 were approximately 14 million Swiss francs (9 million Euro).

| - -- -
http://www.forbes.com/sites/csylt/2014/12/10/f1-teams-to-be-consulted-over-new-chairman/
Dec 10, 2014 @ 8:27 AM 2,495 views
F1 Teams To Be Consulted Over New Chairman

Formula One’s teams have been given the right to be consulted over the replacement for the chairman of the series according to the contracts which commit them to race.

The news was revealed in Britain’s Independent newspaper today and it is particularly relevant as F1’s current chairman, Peter Brabeck-Letmathe, is stepping down.

The Independent also disclosed that the new chairman will be lead a team of people who decides on the replacement for F1’s 84 year-old chief executive Bernie Ecclestone when he eventually gives up the wheel.

Despite Mr Ecclestone’s age, there is no sign that he is slowing down and the chairman is not being replaced as part of a plot to sideline him as some have suggested. In fact, the reason for the replacement is that Mr Brabeck-Letmathe is resigning from the board to battle a long-running illness.

In addition to his role at F1, Mr Brabeck-Letmathe has high-profile positions at cosmetics company L’Oréal and food giant Nestlé. In April Nestlé confirmed that he would undergo treatment for a curable illness but did not say what it was.


| - - - -

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/uk/home-news/peter-brabeckletmathe-nestle-head-sceptical-about-health-benefits-of-the-glutenfree-revolution-10447571.html
Peter Brabeck-Letmathe: Nestle Head sceptical about health benefits of the gluten-free revolution

James Ashton   Author Biography
 Monday 10 August 2015
 
...

We meet at the Salzburg Festival, which Nestlé has sponsored since 1991 and where it has given an award for the best young conductor since 2010. Brabeck-Letmathe, 70, looks healthier than when I saw him just over a year ago. His grey hair is starting to grow back after treatment for a “curable illness” that Nestlé assured investors would not stop him working.

“Let me put it this way: you never know with this stuff but for the time being no treatment is foreseen, so I am free.” His doctor had banned him from flying long distances, an odd sort of purgatory for a jet-set executive, but he put the spare time to good use, qualifying as a helicopter pilot in January
,...

He has amassed a string of other influential roles, sitting on the board of beauty group L’Oréal, oil giant ExxonMobil and also chairs Formula One. His profile means that Brabeck-Letmathe is often the first line of defence when things go wrong. Still associated with that baby-milk scandal, Nestlé’s latest row has blown up in India, where health authorities say the lead and monosodium glutamate levels in its Maggi noodles are too high. Nestlé disagrees, but has had to take 30,000 tons of noodles off supermarket shelves.

It is potentially hugely damaging but a short-term worry compared to the food industry’s biggest challenge: how to increase production by 70 per cent by 2050 to feed the extra two billion people on the planet and greater demand for richer diets.

Brabeck-Letmathe thinks it can happen as long as a single resource is better managed: water. As chairman of the 2030 Water Resources Group, a public-private group pushing for water reform, he regularly gets quoted as saying that access to water is not a human right, a controversial stance from the seller of millions of bottles of Nestlé Pure Life and Buxton.

That is only half the story. He insists that water is a human right for the 25 to 50 litres needed per day for hydration and minimum hygiene – making up 1.5 per cent of the water that is being withdrawn from the system. The rest, less so.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on August 26, 2015, 10:10:12 am
Rockefellers

Lots of other Rockefellers ...
Oh Rockefellers are Swiss - Palatines:


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_Palatines
... had come to Germany from Switzerland (Thirty Years War) ,

Notable Palatines
Johann Peter Rockefeller (1681–1763), progenitor of the Rockefeller family

http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/h/o/y/Janet-G-Hoyt/WEBSITE-0001/UHP-0059.html

Johann Peter Rockefeller (Rockenfeller), son of Johannes, was born in the Rhineland, Germany, in September 1682, the youngest of eight children. (Rockefeller Genealogy, op.cit. pp4, 355. Both Wied and Segendorf in the Rhineland are mention as his birthplace.) He married twice; his first wife was Anna Maria Remagen of Segendorf, born 1684. Anna died in 1719 and Johann married on October 19, 1720 Elizabeth Christina Runkel. In 1723, Johann Rockefeller emigrated with his family to America.

http://www.familytree.com/surnames/Rockefeller


A German surname, Rockefeller, the original name was Rokkenfelder which referred to those from the Rockenfeller or Rockenfeld region of Rhineland, Germany. The name means an open field of rye. A French branch of Rockefeller comes from Roquefeuille, France. Variations in spelling for Rockefeller include Rockenfeller, Rockenfeld and Rockafeller.

Originally from the Rhineland region of Germany the Rockefeller family moved into Switzerland and to North America ( I don't think so - Switzerland to Rhineland).

Within the United States the Rockefeller families first settled in Pennsylvania and others moved into Canada. Individuals with the name also now live in New York, Ohio, Texas, California, Michigan, Illinois, Colorado and Connecticut. Famous: John D. Rockefeller (founder of Standard Oil Co.), Nelson Rockefeller (41st Vice-President of the United States), Jim Rockefeller (inventor of the Rockefeller Yankee - a fiberglass sports car) and James S. Rockefeller (1924 summer Olympics gold medal winner in rowing).
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on August 29, 2015, 02:33:27 pm
Jesuit History in Switzerland ....

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_Switzerland
...

The Swiss constitution of 1848, written by the victorious pro-union Protestant cantons after the Catholic-Separatist Civil War of 1847, consciously defines a consociational state, allowing the peaceful co-existence of Catholics and Protestants

However, the Catholic Jesuits (Societas Jesu) were banned from all activities in either clerical or pedagogical functions by Article 51 of the Swiss constitution in 1848. The reason was the perceived threat resulting from Jesuit advocacy of traditionalist Catholicism to the stability of the state.

In May 1973, 54.9% of Swiss voters approved removing the ban on the Jesuits (as well as Article 52 which banned monasteries and convents from Switzerland);[8] the vote reflected sharp divisions between the cantons, with 92% of Valais supporting, but 71% of Neuchâtel opposing removing the ban.[citation needed]

The settlement restrictions placed on Swiss Jews in various instances between the 14th and 18th centuries were lifted with the revised Swiss Constitution of 1874.

A popular vote in March 1980 on the complete separation of church and state was clearly opposed to such a change, with only 21.1% voting in support, to the effect of the retention of the Landeskirchen system.[9]

In November 2009, 57.5% of Swiss voters approved of a popular initiative to ban the construction of minarets in Switzerland. The four existing Swiss minarets, at mosques in Zurich, Geneva, Winterthur and Wangen bei Olten are not affected by the ban

...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Landeskirche
In Germany and Switzerland, a Landeskirche (plural – Landeskirchen) is the church of a region. They originated as the national churches of the independent states, States of Germany (Länder) or Cantons of Switzerland (Kantone, Cantons), that later unified to form modern Germany (in 1871) or modern Switzerland (in 1848), respectively.

...

Martin Luther demanded that, as a stop-gap, each secular Landesherr (territorial lord, monarch or a body, like the governments of republican Imperial estates, such as Free Imperial Cities or Swiss cantons) should exercise episcopal functions in the respective territories
...

|  - - --   -

https://www.manresa-sj.org/stamps/2_Switzerland.htm
JESUIT INSTITUTIONS  IN   SWITZERLAND
The Jesuit College and Church in Lucerne

(https://www.manresa-sj.org/stamps/Images%20B/B_SWIluc2.jpg)
 Lucerne, Switzerland
 features the Jesuit Church of St. Francis Xavier

When Cardinal Charles Borromeo was in Lucerne in 1570 he urged the authorities to invite the Jesuits to found a school there and introduce the spirit and reforms of the Council of Trent to the region. On August 7, 1574 three Jesuits from Germany arrived in Lucerne
...

When Clement XIV suppressed Jesuits in 1773 Lucerne authorities asked the Jesuits to remain at their posts and continue their pastoral and educational activities as secular priests. When the order was restored in 1814, the Jesuits were invited to return to Lucerne by the canton authorities. They were reluctant at first because of strong opposition from radical anti-Catholicism, and when they finally did return in 1844, they encountered a serious political situation in the country that led to civil war, the Sonderbund War. That war was lost by the Catholic cantons, and in December of 1847 the Jesuits were expelled from the country, and Switzerland introduced an article into its constitution prohibiting forever the presence of Jesuits in Switzerland.

This prohibition contradicting freedom of religion prevented Switzerland from entering the European Union and so in 1973 a slim majority of 54.9% voted to let them back in.

...

| - - - -

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYnun3Rr7fw
Swiss Jesuit Church with CIA NATO Symbol in Solothurn Switzerland Namen Jesu & Kreiskommando
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on August 29, 2015, 03:17:51 pm
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_NQ5sERePz8
Allen Dulles was Swiss Family Mallet-Prevost Sleeper Agent of CIA OSS; Octogon rules over Pentagon

| - - - -

http://stottilien.com/2012/03/06/some-cia-c-g-jung-gossip-i-found-amusing/
Some CIA – C.G. JUNG Gossip I found amusing.
Posted on March 6, 2012 by fallenAngel   

“In Jung: A Biography”, is mentioned that Jung was an Agent. He secretly worked for the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), which was the predecessor to the CIA. His first contact with the OSS was through his patient Mary Bancroft. The celebrated psychologist Carl  Gustav Jung cured Bancroft her asthma through analysis and became a lifelong friend.  The relationship of the exceptionally extroverted woman with Jung was summarized in her New York Times obituary: “To Jung … her appeal was textbook obvious”. In his scheme of things she was an extroverted intuitive like he was. The list of Bancroft’s male consorts over time included besides Dulles the film director Woody Allen, and Time magazine CEO Henry R. Luce.

Bancroft, in German and  good with people was recruited by Dulles to serve as an intelligence analyst for the United States Office of Strategic Services (OSS) from 1941 to 1945, while living and working in Zurich. Dulles was the OSS chief in Switzerland and later became the first Director of the CIA. It seems that Dulles’s had relationship with  Mary Anne Bancroft, which then also belonged to the circle of friends  of C.G. Jung.

In 1941, during World War II, Jung’s job was to analyze the psychology of leaders. In return Jung became privy to top-secret Allied intelligence. It has come to light that C. G. Jung operated as “Agent 488” for and his handler, Allen W. Dulles, later remarked: “Nobody will probably ever know how much Prof Jung contributed to the allied cause during the war.” Jung became an important advisor of the US and sent ideas to Eisenhower, how the Germans could be persuaded psychologically of the uselessness of resistance against the allied forces. In 1945, General Dwight Eisenhower read Jung’s ideas for persuading the German public to accept defeat. Allen Dulles relied on Jung’s psychological advice, including Jung’s prediction that Hitler would kill himself. Such a characterization of Hitler, Stalin and Mussolini can be found in C.G. Jung speaking, Bollinger Press.
...

| - - - - -

http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/2002/spring/fritz-kolbe-3.html
(http://www.archives.gov/publications/prologue/images/dulles-house-in-bern.jpg)
The home of Allen Dulles in Bern, Switzerland, at 23 Herrengasse. (Courtesy of Giuliana and Shawn Bullard)

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituary-mary-bancroft-1279184.html
Obituary: Mary Bancroft
Godfrey Hodgson   
Monday 17 February 1997
 

Mary Bancroft was that rarity in real life, a glamorous upper- class spy. She reached that condition by the tried and tested method of having a love affair with a man who was himself one of the most important spies of the Second World War and went on to be the most celebrated chief of America's Central Intelligence agency. 

Allen Welsh Dulles had served as an American secret agent in Switzerland during the First World War. After the United States joined the Second World War, Colonel "Wild Bill" Donovan, head of the Office of Strategic Services, precursor of the CIA, gave Dulles the assignment of returning to Switzerland to create a network of intelligence inside Nazi Germany.

Dulles sent an NBC radio technician, Gerald Mayer, ahead to begin identifying possible agents, and one of the first people Mayer recruited was Mary Bancroft.

Then a handsome, bored married woman aged 38, Mary Bancroft had dropped out of Smith College in Massachusetts, and rebelled against the ultra- respectable life of a debutante in Beacon Hill, the Mayfair of Boston, where she was brought up by her stepgrandfather, C.W. Barron, who was the publisher of the Wall Street Journal and the founder of the business magazine which bears his name. Something of a Bright Young Thing, not to say a "goer", in the Jazz Age, Bancroft had been married twice, first to an American, then, to the surprise of her friends, to a Swiss accountant called Jean Rufenacht. She tired of the marriage, and first wrote a novel, then began to study the work of the great Swiss psychologist, Carl Gustav Jung.

She had many lovers, and as her husband's work took him away from home frequently, she was in restless and emotionally available mood - "randy and ready", says Dulles's biographer - when, early in December 1942, she was introduced to Allen Dulles over a drink at the ultra-discreet Hotel Baur am Lac in Zurich. Her upper-class credentials appealed to Dulles, himself the nephew and grandson (and later the brother) of American Secretaries of State, and a partner in the powerful New York law firm, Sullivan & Cromwell. But she was also a highly intelligent woman who had been living in Switzerland since 1934 and had acquired excellent French and German.

He quickly put the relationship on a more intimate basis by asking her to help him to find some bed-linen, scarce in wartime Bern, where he lived under diplomatic cover
, and she obliged by lending him some from her husband's country chalet
...

After a while, Dulles gave Bancroft the assignment of editing a book written by Hans Bernd Gisevius, an upper-class Prussian military intelligence officer who was both an agent of Admiral Canaris's Abwehr secret intelligence service, and a member of the anti-Nazi underground. He was naturally one of Dulles's most prized contacts inside the German Resistance. Before long, Mary was romantically involved with Gisevius too.

At the same time as she was becoming drawn deep into the web of intelligence- gathering and anti-Nazi plotting in Switzerland, Bancroft was getting more and more involved in her study of Jungian psychology, and eventually became a confidante of Jung himself.
...
Later, after Dulles had become the first head of the new Central Intelligence Agency and she had returned to New York, Bancroft also became close, though apparently not sexually involved with, Henry Luce, the publisher of Time and Life, whose wife, Clare Booth Luce, was another of Allen Dulles's lovers. She became a leading champion of Jung's psychology in the United States and wrote a number of articles in learned journals about his work.

The relationship with the Dulles family became even closer when, in 1952, Bancroft's daughter, Mary Jane, married Horace Taft, son of the conservative candidate for the Republican presidential nomination, and Allen Dulles gave the bride away.

In 1983 Mary Bancroft wrote her memoirs, which she called Autobiography of a Spy.

| - - -

http://oasis.lib.harvard.edu/oasis/deliver/~sch00042
Bancroft, Mary. Papers of Mary Bancroft, 1862-1997: A Finding Aid
...
SCOPE AND CONTENT

The papers of Mary Bancroft contain her correspondence, diaries, writings, photographs, audiotapes, etc. The material documents Bancroft's life in Europe in the 1930s and 1940s, during which time she worked for the Office of Strategic Services as an information gatherer and informant. In addition, her involvement with New York City politics in the late 1950s and 1960s is represented by correspondence, fliers, campaign advertisements, maps, etc. Bancroft's personal correspondence evidences her deep relationships with Allen Dulles and Henry Luce, as well as her friendship with a number of artists and writers, including Woody Allen, Peggy Bacon, Joan Didion and John Gregory Dunne, and Norman Mailer.

Mary Bancroft's papers were processed in 1998.  ...

| - - - -

Illuminati Mystery religion infects Vatican Islam Masonry for one world religion
http://www.reformed-theology.org/html/issue07/apostle.htm
Apostle of Perversion
 by William Norman Grigg
 
 His influence is detectable wherever talk is heard of "archetypes" or the "collective unconscious." Those who speak of the "inner child" are reciting from his canon. His tenets and assumptions are retailed by psychiatrists, school counselors, and clergy. For millions of Americans, the writings and teachings of Carl Gustav Jung, who died in 1961, provide an authoritative guide to the inner life. Even more importantly, Jungian concepts guide many efforts to divest Christianity of its "patriarchal" character and to synthesize a globalist new world religion.

In fact, it is upon mainline religion that Jung's impact has been most pronounced. "In churches, quotes from Jung's work spill from the pulpit," continued U.S. News. "New Age publications sprinkle their pages liberally with Jungian buzzwords. Books on Jungian topics — most recently, 'Women Who Run With the Wolves,' by Jungian analyst Clarissa Pinkola Estes — are climbing the bestseller lists. And while the men's movement urges men to reconnect with the masculine archetype of the 'warrior,' drawing on Jung's notion of universal symbols buried in the human psyche, feminist writers encourage women to explore the 'goddess' inside them."

,,.

Influential Liar

Although most Americans would have difficulty recognizing his name, they certainly come within the ambit of Jung's cultural influence. U.S. News noted that Jung's posthumously published memoir, Memories, Dreams, Reflections, "became something of a counter-culture classic." In fact, according to Harvard Lecturer Richard Noll, Jung's memoir "has become one of the primary spiritual documents of the twentieth century," and Jung himself has emerged as "a clairvoyant sage, a miracle worker, a god-man who earn[ed] his apotheosis through his encounter with the Dead and with God." Noll's own assessment of Jung is rather less effusive: He regards Jung to be "the most influential liar of the 20th Century."

Jung's influence was in substantial measure a product of his association with the Rockefeller family, and he used it to advance the anti-biblical tenets of two of history's most notorious occultic movements — the Bavarian Illuminati and the Theosophical Society.

In his new book The Aryan Christ: The Secret Life of Carl Jung, Noll writes, "I am convinced by the historical evidence that Jung believed himself to be a religious prophet with extraordinary powers." It is not at all surprising that Jung felt a sense of religious vocation, as he came from a deeply religious family. "In my mother's family there were six parsons, and on my father's side not only was my father a parson, but two of my uncles also," wrote Jung. "Thus I heard many religious discussions, and sermons."

The Oxford Companion to the Bible points out that "Jung's early religious doubts seem to have centered around his conflicts toward his father and his deep-seated ambivalence, both toward his father and his father's religious views." In seeking a religious role model, Jung skipped a generation, overlooking his devout Christian father in favor of his grandfather, Karl Jung, who was equally devout in a markedly different fashion. Karl Gustav Jung was a noted medical doctor in Basel, Switzerland. A German by birth, Karl took up residence in Basel after being exiled from Prussia as a subversive. In Switzerland, recalls Noll, "[Karl] Jung joined a powerful secret society. In time, he became its supreme leader in Switzerland."

The society to which Noll refers is the Swiss successor organization to Adam Weishaupt's Bavarian Illuminati, which had been exposed and banned in the German principality in 1784. Noll points out that following the official suppression of the Illuminati, lodges of illuminated freemasons in Germany and Switzerland "continued to assemble and enact rituals under the guise of being patriotic clubs or philosophical societies." While living in Berlin, Karl Jung had become acquainted with one of these disguised Illuminists, Georg Andreas Reimel, who presided over a "Reading Society" in Berlin. Fraternal societies of this variety, observes Noll, were places where radicals could "congregate and conspire"; despite the supposed destruction of the Illuminati in Bavaria, "the Swiss lodges did not close down in the purges of the late 1780s and so were a haven for German Freemasons, both Illuminist and Rosicrucian."

...


A Helping Hand

Noll notes that Jung's "secret church" received some critical support in 1913, when Edith Rockefeller McCormick arrived in Zurich to receive treatment. The daughter of John D. Rockefeller and the wife of Harold McCormick, heir to the International Harvester fortune, "Edith became an analyst in the Jungian mode, a magic healer who interpreted the dreams of her patients and pointed out the divine elements in their artistic productions."

Writes Noll, "Rockefeller money introduced Jung to the English-speaking world and helped bring him the worldwide fame he has today." Financier Paul Mellon was another financial angel for the self-described deity, underwriting the translation and publication of Jung's German-language works in the 1940s. "The Rockefellers, the McCormicks, and the Mellons were three of America's wealthiest families, and we can only wonder whether Jung would be so popular today if he had not attracted and converted their women to his mysteria."

...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on August 30, 2015, 10:50:20 am
Interesting how the Schroder Bank is now in also Switzerland. 
http://en.yelp.ch/biz/schroder-and-co-bank-z%C3%BCrich
(http://s3-media3.fl.yelpcdn.com/bphoto/YIjo8RmoOyBuJyct0UPKbw/ls.jpg)

http://www.schweizer-banken.info/en/bank/zh/zurich/schroders.htm
Schroder & Co Bank AG headquarters are located in Zurich with a branch in Geneva. Schroder is one of the leading foreign banks in Switzerland. The bank offers wealthy private clients all the comprehensive and individual solutions they need to reach their financial goals. As a subsidiary of Schroders plc, a global leader in asset management with head office in London and branches in all major financial markets, the bank benefits from their parent company’s know-how, experience and reputation.

Schroder & Co Bank AG is part of the Schroders Group, the global wealth management company with CHF 230 billion under management. This means that Schroders has the flexibility and independence of a small investment boutique coupled with the international resources, experience and global perspective of a parent company of 200 years standing. It is this combination of local presence and global reach that makes Schroders Private Bank so unique.

| - - - -

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/10/books/review/the-brothers-by-stephen-kinzer.html?_r=0
Overt and Covert
‘The Brothers,’ by Stephen Kinzer
By ADAM LeBORNOV. 8, 2013
...
Kinzer highlights John Foster Dulles’s central role in channeling funds from the United States to Nazi Germany in the 1930s. Indeed, his friendship with Hjalmar Schacht, the Reichsbank president and Hitler’s minister of economics, was crucial to the rebuilding of the German economy. Sullivan & Cromwell floated bonds for Krupp A. G., the arms manufacturer, and also worked for I. G. Farben, the chemicals conglomerate that later manufactured Zyklon B, the gas used to murder millions of Jews. Of course, the Dulles brothers’ law firm was hardly alone in its eagerness to do business with the Nazis — many on Wall Street and numerous American corporations, including Standard Oil and General Electric, had “interests” in Berlin. And Allen Dulles at least had qualms about operating in Nazi Germany, pushing through the closure of the Sullivan & Cromwell office there in 1935, a move his brother opposed.

Allen Dulles spent much of World War II working for the Office of Strategic Services, running the American intelligence operation out of the United States Embassy in Bern, Switzerland. His shadowy networks extended across Europe, and his assets included his old friend Thomas McKittrick, the American president of the Bank for International Settlements in Basel, a key point in the transnational money network that helped keep Germany in business during the war.
...
The Iranian section of Kinzer’s book is especially strong. Here he calls attention to the cancellation by the Iranian Parliament of a contract for what was said to be “the largest overseas development project in modern history” with Overseas Consultants Inc., an American engineering conglomerate. But it seems likely that it was the Iranian Parliament’s vote to nationalize the oil industry that sealed Mossadegh’s fate. (Allen Dulles represented the J. Henry Schroder Banking Corporation, one of whose clients was the Anglo-­Iranian Oil Company.)


| - - - -

The Secret War Against the Jews: How Western Espionage Betrayed The Jewish ... (https://books.google.com/books?id=trU7nY-T-4EC&pg=PA75&lpg=PA75&dq=schroder+dulles+eleanor&source=bl&ots=sEEf72y-oM&sig=U9tf_5bzPtsJDXRDAfGMivnil8M&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CC4Q6AEwA2oVChMI0pXBwpLRxwIVz3-SCh2FWAu1#v=onepage&q=schroder%20dulles%20eleanor&f=false)

(http://www.mygen.com/images/Dulles_Schroder_1.jpg)

(http://www.mygen.com/images/Dulles_Schroder_2.jpg)

(http://www.mygen.com/images/Dulles_Schroder_3.jpg)
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on September 03, 2015, 12:20:05 pm
The Nazis Next Door:How the CIA & FBI Secretly Sheltered Nazi War Criminals

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/odessa.html
ODESSA, the Organization of Former SS Members ("Organization Der Ehemaligen SS-Angehörigen"), was an organization founded in 1944 with the express purpose of helping Nazi members flee Europe and escape justice.
...
The Nazis recognized that Germany's assets would fall into the hands of the rapidly approaching enemy if they were not transferred and hidden. The nation's wealth, much of it acquired through the plunder of the nations it invaded and the people the Nazis murdered, had to be transferred so they would be out of judicial reach, but accessible to fund a future movement to resurrect the party and build a new Reich. Leading Nazi officials also feared retribution from the Allies and, rather than face likely punishment for their war crimes, they decided to seek safe havens outside Germany, and beyond the reach of justice.
...
In short order, Odessa, built a large and reliable network geared to achieve its ends, and began operations. Routes were mapped and contacts were established. Influential Nazis vanished as they were secretly ushered out of Germany and assisted in starting new lives under false names in foreign countries. At the end of the war, only a handful of high-ranking Nazi officials stood trial. Many who were guilty of war crimes escaped with the help of Odessa.

Some war criminals remained in Germany and took on new identities, managing to get themselves smuggled out of Germany and to freedom during the chaos at the end of hostilities.

An underground network called "Die Spinne" (The Spider) supplied false papers and passports, safe houses, and contacts that could smuggle war criminals across the un-patrolled Swiss borders. Once into Switzerland, they moved on quickly to Italy, using what some called "The Monastery Route." Roman Catholic priests, especially Franciscans, helped Odessa move fugitives from one monastery to the next until they reached Rome.

According to Wiesenthal, one Franciscan monastery, Via Sicilia in Rome, was virtually a transit station for Nazis, an arrangement made possible by a bishop from Graz named Alois Hudal. Wiesenthal speculates that the motive for most of the priests was what he viewed as a misguided notion of Christian charity. Once in Italy, the fugitives were out of danger, and many then dispersed around the globe.

Some countries may not have known about their new immigrants' pasts, but many did and chose to look the other way. Others, including the United States, looked to exploit the knowledge of Nazis. Fascist countries, such as Spain under Franco, as well as those in South America, became safe havens.

The establishment of the state of Israel after World War II led some Arab nations to welcome Nazis who shared their hatred of the Jews in the hope they would use their experise in areas such as rocketry to tilt the balance in the Arab-Israeli conflict.
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on September 04, 2015, 07:40:49 pm
Netherland's gold kept by Swiss after the war ... 

http://www.nytimes.com/1997/02/07/world/dutch-to-open-inquiry-into-gold-looted-by-nazis-in-world-war-ii.html
Dutch to Open Inquiry Into Gold Looted by Nazis in World War II
By MARLISE SIMONS 
Published: February 7, 1997
   
AMSTERDAM, Feb. 2—  The Netherlands, which lost 145 tons of gold to Nazi Germany in World War II, has decided to open an investigation into the whereabouts of some 75 tons of its gold reserves that were not returned.

The inquiry may also look into gold seized from private citizens.

The Finance Ministry has formed a commission of historians and financial and legal experts to advise the Government on how to proceed and what claims the country and individuals can still make under international agreements.

The Dutch inquiry is the first by a country to revive its claims for gold that was seized by the Nazis.

The decision by the Netherlands to try to track down its missing gold was made two months ago as the controversy grew over the wartime role of Swiss banks in holding the deposits of gold seized by Germany. That is where the Nazis sent much of the looted Dutch gold.

''There is new evidence that perhaps more gold has remained in Switzerland than the Swiss reported after the war,'' said Raymond Salet, a spokesman for the Dutch Finance Ministry.

The Dutch Finance Minister, Gerrit Zalm, who promised to open the inquiry in December, has since said that chances are slim that any gold may be recovered. But his aides said the investigation may answer many lingering questions not only about bullion that went to Switzerland but also to Portugal and other countries that traded with the Nazis.

According to Dutch and German records, Nazi Germany seized 145.6 metric tons of gold from the vaults of the Dutch treasury. Of this, the Dutch recovered only 70 tons, the amount allocated to them from the pool of gold that the Allies recovered and redistributed after the war.

The Dutch inquiry may also decide how much, if any, compensation may still be paid to victims of the Nazis whose gold was seized.

[ So years later what happened? ]


http://osnetdaily.com/2014/12/switzerland-still-holds-half-dutch-gold-looted-nazis/
Switzerland still holds half of the Dutch gold looted by the Nazis

Nearly half of the gold looted by the Nazis from the Dutch central bank during the Second World War remains to this day in Switzerland, a reminder of the Alpine nation’s controversial role as a financial conduit for Hitler’s regime. About 61,000kg of Dutch war gold, currently value at about €2bn, is believed to be still in Swiss possession

...
In December 1946, Switzerland and the US, acting on behalf of the TGC, signed the Washington Agreement. The Swiss, who denied any wrongdoing by buying gold from Germany during the war, agreed to hand over 52,000kg of gold  to the commission for the ‘economic recovery of Europe’. The Agreement gave Switzerland a waiver for any future claims on gold it had bought from Nazi Germany.

A few years later it became clear that Switzerland had bought at least 336,300kg of gold from Germany during the war. Of the Dutch gold that was transported to Berlin, about 122,000kg ended up in Switzerland.


When the Dutch demanded their gold back, the Swiss refused to discuss the claim, citing the Washington Agreement. Despite arduous diplomatic and legal efforts in the 1950s and 60s the Swiss were adamant: returning any more gold was out of the question.

When the TGC was dissolved at a conference in London, the Netherlands stated that it maintained its claim against Switzerland. Two years later, the Dutch government endorsed the conclusions of a national war-gold commission that further efforts to recover the gold were futile.

Neither Parliament nor Dutch society was told about the decision silently to shelve claims on the stolen war gold that remained in Swiss vaults.

In 1996, publications in the UK stirred up the question of Jewish gold and dormant Jewish bank accounts in Switzerland. In the end, Swiss banks were forced to repay $1.25bn to Jewish victims. The Swiss government added $500m to the settlement, though it denied any wrongdoing. The value of the Jewish gold was much smaller than the stolen monetary gold

When the Dutch demanded their gold back, the Swiss refused to discuss the claim, citing the Washington Agreement. Despite arduous diplomatic and legal efforts in the 1950s and 60s the Swiss were adamant: returning any more gold was out of the question.

| - - - -

Then there was Belgium:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_occupation_of_Belgium_during_World_War_II
...
The considerable Belgian gold reserves, on which the Belga had been secured, were mostly transported to Britain, Canada and the United States before the German invasion. Over 198 tonnes, however, had been entrusted to the Banque de France before the war, and shipped to Dakar in French West Africa.[46] Under the pro-German Vichy régime, the gold was seized by the Germans, who used it to buy munitions from neutral Switzerland and Sweden
...
For Sweden Think    The Wallenberg family (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wallenberg_family) (known as The Wallenbergs or simply Wallenbergs) is a prominent Swedish family and financial dynasty, renowned as bankers and later Bilderbergs  


http://cosmicpenguin.com/GDY/gdy/goldp5.html
...
There were many other Swedish corporations that enjoyed profitable relationships with the Nazis. However, the one most cherished by the Nazis was the Enskilda bank, owned by the Wallenbergs. With good relationships with a bank the Nazis could borrow funds and launder their stolen gold. Safehaven documents revealed that the US had been tracking the pro-Nazi activities of the Wallenbergs for several years.

In February 1945, Morgenthau, in a letter to Secretary of State, Edward Stettinius, charged that Enskilda was making substantial loans to the Nazis without collateral and making covert investments for German capitalists in US industries. Note that Morgenthau's letter confirms Bormann's plan to allow Nazis to invest in the United States as a means of preserving their assets. He further charged that the bank was repeatedly connected with large black market operations. In the letter Morgenthau identified Jacob Wallenberg as strongly pro-Nazi and rebuts the claim that Marcus was pro-Ally. The Wallenbergs were playing both sides, just as S & K was. Raul Wallenberg, a cousin, helped to save 20,000Jews in Budapest. When the Soviet army recaptured Budapest, they arrested Raul as an American spy. In June 1996, the US News and Reports reported in a review of declassified documents that Raul Wallenberg was a spy for the OSS.46
...
The latest investigation conducted by a bank appointed commission revealed Sweden accepted 59.7 metric tons of gold from the Nazis. The newly discovered gold bears the same mark as the gold stolen from the Netherlands. The investigation also found 6 tons of gold of undetermined origin that could have possibly came from the victims of the concentration camps. This additional find of gold was missed entirely by the Safehaven operation. Thus far, Sweden has only returned a total of 13.2 tons to Belgium and the Netherlands. ... It was unclear whether that commission would have the power to recommend the restitution of the gold. One of the investigators says Sweden has a moral obligation to return the gold, but not a legal obligation. The report was released in 1997


| - - - -

Interestingly ,,, The Netherlands had been at the center of the protestant revolution and the many religious wars of the past .... 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thirty_Years%27_War
The Thirty Years' War was a series of wars in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648. It was one of the longest, most destructive conflicts in European history.[15]

Initially a war between Protestant and Catholic states in the fragmenting Holy Roman Empire, it gradually developed into a more general conflict involving most of the great powers of Europe,
...
Spain was interested in the German states because it held the territories of the Spanish Netherlands in the western part of the Empire and states within Italy that were connected by land through the Spanish Road. The Dutch revolted against Spanish domination during the 1560s, leading to a protracted war of independence that led to a truce only in 1609.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Netherlands
...
Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands on 10 May 1940. The Rotterdam Blitz forced the main element of the Dutch army to surrender four days later. During the occupation, over 100,000 Dutch Jews[57] were rounded up and transported to Nazi extermination camps of whom only a few survived. Dutch workers were conscripted for forced labour in Germany, civilians who resisted were killed in reprisal for attacks on German soldiers, and the countryside was plundered for food ... 20,000 Dutch fascists joined the Waffen SS,[58] fighting on the Eastern Front.
...

Historically, the Netherlands was a predominantly Christian society. From the onset of the Protestant Reformation, the Dutch population became divided into about two-thirds Protestant (mostly Reformed) and one-third Roman Catholic believers.[nb 2] This began to change gradually in the 20th century[nb 3] as there has been a steep decline in religious adherence, which continues. There was a strong religious difference between the Roman Catholic south and the Reformed north, remains of which are still in evidence. The Netherlands is currently one of the most secular countries in the world. About 39% of the population is religiously affiliated and in 2010 fewer than 5.6% visited religious services regularly (once or more per month). In spite of an overall decline in religiosity, a countervailing trend is the religious revival in the Protestant Bible Belt, and the growth of Muslim and Hindu communities
...
Secularization, or the decline in religiosity, first became noticeable after 1960 in the Protestant rural areas of Friesland and Groningen. Then, it spread to Amsterdam, Rotterdam and the other large cities in the west.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Jews_in_the_Netherlands
Most history of the Jews in the Netherlands was generated between the end of the 16th century and World War II.

The area now known as the Netherlands was once part of the Spanish Empire but in 1581, the northern Dutch provinces declared independence. A principal motive was a wish to practice Protestant Christianity, then forbidden under Spanish rule, and so religious tolerance was effectively an important constitutional element of the newly independent state. This inevitably attracted the attention of Jews who were religiously oppressed in many parts of the world.
...

In 1939, there were some 140,000 Dutch Jews living in the Netherlands, among them some 25,000 German-Jewish refugees who had fled Germany in the 1930s (other sources claim that some 34,000 Jewish refugees entered the Netherlands between 1933 and 1940, mostly from Germany and Austria).[8] The Nazi occupation force put the number of (racially) Dutch Jews in 1941 at some 154,000
...
In 1945, only about 35,000 of them were still alive
...
Netherlands at that time was already the most densely inhabited country of Western Europe, making it difficult for the relatively large number of Jews to go into hiding.
...
A theory is that the vast majority of the nation accommodated itself to circumstances: "In their preparations for the extermination of the Jews living in The Netherlands, the Germans could count on the assistance of the greater part of the Dutch administrative infrastructure. The occupiers had to employ only a relatively limited number of their own personnel; Dutch policemen rounded up the families to be sent to their deaths in Eastern Europe. Trains of the Dutch railways staffed by Dutch employees transported the Jews to camps in The Netherlands which were transit points to Auschwitz, Sobibor, and other death camps." With respect to Dutch collaboration, Eichmann is quoted as saying "The transports run so smoothly that it is a pleasure to see"

| - --

More about Sweden and the Nazi's  Railways R&R and Iron Ore  ....
Notice this info just got out in 2012 ... over 60 years after the war was over ... :


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2154901/Neutral-Sweden-allowed-Nazis-use-railways-occupy-Norway--transfer-Jews-death-camps-new-book-claims.html
Neutral Sweden allowed Nazis to use their railways to occupy Norway... and transfer Jews to death camps, new book claims

    Use of Swedish SJ rail system helped Germany win battle of Narvik
    Troops and war materials transferred through country, while iron ore and Jews for death camps were taken out

By Allan Hall for MailOnline
Published: 10:35 EST, 5 June 2012

Relations between Norway and Sweden are being strained with the publication of a new book, which details how Stockholm aided the Nazis during WW2 as their neighbours fought and lost a decisive battle against the German invaders.

Sweden stayed neutral in the war but Norway was among the first conquests of Hitler.

...

Narvik-based journalist Espen Eidum spent three years sifting through Norwegian, Swedish and German archives to discover how the Nazis had managed to get troops and supplies to the front lines in Narvik in 1940, enabling them to turn a losing battle into a decisive victory that led to the conquest and brutal occupation of the whole country.

Sweden, although neutral, had in fact gone out of its way to aid the Germans, who would rely on the country for much of its iron ore during the war.

After the publication of his book Blodsporet - The Blood Track - Mr Eidum said: 'The Germans used the Swedish rail network on a large scale during the fighting. The operation was much more extensive than historians have previously realised.'

...

The book details how, in October 1940 - four months after Narvik had turned into a crushing defeat for both the Norwegians and Winston Churchill, who had sent British forces there - Swedish diplomats in London lied to Norwegian government-in-exile representatives that it had not allowed any Nazi soldiers or weaponry to use its railway network to get to the front.
...
Once the permission was given Germany sent in combat troops disguised as medical personnel.

Mr Eidum said: 'For every actual medical officer or orderly, the trains carried 17 infantrymen.

'A report sent by a Swedish representative in Berlin, who watched the officers board the train, left little doubt that the Swedes knew the trains were being used for troop movements.'

In addition, according to the book, the trains carried heavy artillery, anti-aircraft guns, ammo and a plethora of communications and supply equipment.

And, once the swastika flew over Narvik, Sweden allowed German trains to run to the port - taking Swedish iron ore back to Germany, where it was used to fuel the war machine

...
In all, close to 100,000 railroad cars transported 1,004,158 military personnel on leave to Germany and 1,037,158 to Norway through Sweden by the time the transit agreement between the two nations was disbanded on August 15, 1943.

Norway lost around 10,000 people in the war, two thirds of them civilian

Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2154901/Neutral-Sweden-allowed-Nazis-use-railways-occupy-Norway--transfer-Jews-death-camps-new-book-claims.html#ixzz3lYejYaec
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Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on September 04, 2015, 09:56:50 pm
interesting Ivar Kreugar the match king was murdered in 1932 and assets liquidated by Allen Dulles ... in 1933 the year Hitler takes power ... STAB gave out large loans to governments  (like Germany) , and with him dead, these loans would not have to be paid back! aand Dulles was right in the middle of it. In the aftermath Kreugar is written off as a crook with Ponzi scheme 

But was he really? or did the NWO Nazi's take over his business and then murder him?


Catalog of the Archival Collections (https://books.google.com/books?id=hqzCTJ6DODIC&pg=PA127&lpg=PA127&dq=stab+kreuger++match+monnet+dulles&source=bl&ots=CLZ3VOfi-h&sig=_Cnx9uuV-vcXFgFRysBkp0tJQUo&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0CB4Q6AEwAGoVChMI7NTf0-_exwIVVUKSCh2z4gpa#v=onepage&q=stab%20kreuger%20%20match%20monnet%20dulles&f=false)
Hans Schaffer
Beginning in 1933, he oversaw the liquidation and reorganization of the Swedish Match Company (STAB), along with Allen Dulles and Jean Monnet, following the death of its owner, Ivar Kreuger
[/size]

[ this is interesting since the Wallenberg's ARE Bilderberg founders and big in Switzerland : ]


http://www.clubconspiracy.com/forum/showthread.php?t=688
...
During a period of 15 years, from 1917 to 1932, Kreuger built an international corporation of match factories. As chairman of the board of directors, Kreuger yielded an enormous power and by 1925 his corporation manufactured more than 50% of all matches in the world.

The Swedish Social Democratic Party and the Swedish banking family, Wallenberg, were given an order to finance and direct the execution of Kreuger. The Swedish bank, "Svenska Handelsbanken," (Swedish Trading Bank) was used to wire the money to the murderer
...

THE MURDER
 Here is how the murder took place. On the morning of March 12, 1932, Kreuger had an appointment at 11 a.m. Sometime mid morning he was contacted by his friend and subordinate, Ernest A. Hoffman. The latter called Kreuger and insisted on a short personal meeting at Kreuger’s apartment. Kreuger then called to inform his people that he would be ten minutes late for his 11 o’clock appointment. At 10:45 a.m. he informed his personal secretary, Karen Bokman, that he was suddenly extremely tired and he entered his bedroom and lay down on his bed. He did not know that his house maid, Miss Barraut, has drugged him with some kind of narcotic when she served him breakfast. Both Bokman and Barraut left the apartment at 10:45 a.m. Kreuger was then in a deep narcotic sleep. A short time later the murderer arrived and using a special weapon shaped like a bayonet, he thrust it through the heart of Kreuger (a ritual murder). Then he fired a blank shot into the wound to place traces of gunpowder in the wound. He then placed the gun in Kreuger’s left hand, not knowing that Kreuger was right handed. A letter explaining the suicide was then placed in the room, after which Ernest Hoffman took the murder weapon and traveled to Switzerland where he disposed of it. The day after the murder Hoffman was wired the sum of 8,000, (currency unknown) to pay him for his coordination of the murder and the coverup.
...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ivar_Kreuger
Ivar Kreuger (Swedish pronunciation: [ˌiːvar ˈkryːɡər]; March 2, 1880 – March 12, 1932) was a Swedish civil engineer, financier, entrepreneur and industrialist. In 1908 he co-founded the construction company Kreuger & Toll Byggnads AB, which specialized in new building techniques. By aggressive investments and innovative financial instruments he built a global match and financial empire
...
From 1925 to 1930, years when many countries in Europe were suffering after the First World War, Kreuger's companies gave loans to governments to speed up reconstruction

| - - - - - -

http://www.bankrattsforeningen.org.se/ledaren25.html
Ivar Kreuger was murdered!
By Mats Lönnerblad - November 11, 2000

It is natural that as a client - in each case as the clients - identify Enskilda Banken former head of Marcus Wallenberg Senior, one of the principals of the murder of Ivar Kreuger, writes author and journalist Jan Gillberg, apropos of murder Ivar Krueger, who recently was presented at a press conference at the Swedish Club in Paris.

January Gillberg claim that, Ivar Kreuger was murdered March 12, 1932 in his apartment in Paris by one of the Swedish financial interests Bought agent named Leon Birthschansky, which two years later in turn was murdered. Gillberg also says Marcus Wallenberg senior has allowed to confirm the murder of Birthschansky, in a letter of March 30 1934th

Gillberg also claims that "it is beyond reasonable doubt that the Wallenberg family has been under knowledgeable about Ivar Kreuger, the victim of an assassination plot." It is true that Sweden has been involved in two serious financial crises in the last century. It is also true that the first serious crisis arose in connection with the Kreuger crash in 1932.

That this crisis never been thoroughly investigated, because Sweden more than 60 years, darkened all the events of what happened in connection with the Kreuger crash.

Sweden has been involved in two serious financial crises. The second crisis was caused by the Swedish banks (1987 - 1993) when they could no longer fulfill its statutory capital adequacy ratio. The recent crisis, I wrote about as late as September 11th at Aftonbladet's debate page. There I described how Wallenberg was once again won - while the people lost in the biggest bankrisen in Swedish history.

| - - -

Here is a drew Pearson article from 1948 linking John Foster Dulles to Wallenberg
Bosch plant in Springfield Mass. was really owned by the Nazis with the Wallenbergs bank as a dummy
:

https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=1817&dat=19481004&id=Pek-AAAAIBAJ&sjid=Mk0MAAAAIBAJ&pg=6506,300254&hl=en
Dulles linked with Nazis
Oct 4 1948

(http://www.mygen.com/images/Dulles_with_Nazis_1.jpg) (http://www.mygen.com/images/Dulles_with_Nazis_2.jpg)

| - - - -

https://thecapitalistholocaust.wordpress.com/2013/10/12/chapter-4-western-capitalists-serve-the-nazi-war-machine/
The Capitalist Holocaust
Chapter 4 – Western capitalists serve the Nazi war machine
by Peter Cohen

...
Bank for International Settlements

The Bank for International Settlements (BIS) was established in Switzerland in 1930 by a group of central banks, including the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, which is Federal only in name. It is privately owned. When it was established in 1913 the owners included the Chase Manhattan Bank of New York (controlled by the Rockefellers), the Rothschild Banks of London and Berlin, the Lazard Brothers Bank of Paris, the Warburg Bank of Hamburg and Amsterdam and the Goldman Sachs Bank.

The initiative for the BIS came from two of Hitler’s financial advisers: Hjalmar Schacht, Nazi Minister of Economics and president of the Reichsbank, and Emil Puhl, a leading German banker. Schacht knew that Germany would eventually go to war again, and was convinced of the need for an institution that would enable international financial leaders to cooperate irrespective of whether their countries were belligerents. In addition to the Fed, the owners of the BIS included the Bank of England, the Reichsbank, the Bank of Italy, the Bank of France, and the First National Bank of New York, in which J.P. Morgan had a major interest.

The charter of the BIS stipulated that it could not be seized, closed or interfered with if a state of war existed between any or all of the countries in which the central banks were located, and the charter was approved by all the relevant governments. The owners of the BIS stated publicly that its function was to serve as a conduit for payment of reparations by Germany as agreed with the Allies after the end of World War 1.

The true function of the bank was to enable flows of cash and gold between banks and investors in the US and the UK on the one hand and Nazi Germany on the other for various purposes, including financing of the Nazi war machine as well as payment of royalties and dividends on shareholdings.  .

For example, in Trading with the Enemy: An Exposé of The Nazi-American Money Plot 1933–1949 (2007), Charles Higham describes a meeting at the BIS in 1944, when the Red Army was driving the German army out of Belorussia and eastern Poland, British and American troops were battling the Wehrmacht in Italy, and preparations for the D-landings were virtually complete. The president of the BIS was Thomas Harrington McKittrick, an American. His executive staff included bankers from Germany, Japan, Italy, the UK and the US. The subjects discussed at the meeting included gold worth USD 378 million (approximately USD 4.45 billion today) which Hitler’s Reichsbank had deposited in the BIS during the period following Pearl Harbor.

The gold was intended for use by the leaders of the German government after the end of the war. Some of the gold had been had been looted from the national banks of Austria, Holland, Belgium, and Czechoslovakia. Some of it had been melted down from fillings, cigarette lighters and wedding rings previously owned by Jews in Poland.

For the BIS and the bankers in the West, it was business as usual while the carnage of World War 2 continued. And for major US corporations as well. The brief sketch of typical dealings with the Nazis given below is based largely on Higham’s book.


 The Rockefeller connection

The role of the BIS as a secret connection between the Nazis and Western capitalists during the war reflected the intricate and geographically widespread connections between bankers that had existed for many years. For example, in 1936 the German-owned J. Henry Schroder Bank of New York, which helped to finance the Nazi government by raising funds in the US, formed a partnership with the Rockefellers that included a new firm named Schroder, Rockefeller and Company Investment Bankers.

The owners of the new firm included Avery Rockefeller, Bruno von Schröder, a German banker and Nazi backer resident in London, and Kurt von Schröder, a director of the BIS and a member of the Gestapo. The firm’s lawyers were John Foster Dulles (later US Secretray of State under Eisenhower) and his brother Allen Dulles (later head of the CIA), who was on the Board of the Schroder bank in New York. The Paris branch of the Chase Manhattan (owned by the Rockefellers) was linked to Schroder, as was the pro-Nazi Banque de Worms and Standard Oil’s subsidiary in France. Several directors of this subsidiary were directors of the Banque de Paris et De Pays-Bas, which was also connected with the Nazis.
,...


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6eCPkIiJGV0
Operation Sunrise And Allen Dulles
This is part 3 of a show Dave Emory and Nip Tuck did on May 1, 1986.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on September 05, 2015, 12:12:15 pm
then there is Richard Nixon ....

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6yMn_evo62A
Terror on US Veterans by Swiss 5th Column Eisenhower, Pres.Herbert Hoover, FBI Hoover, etc.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WaYAPSTcM3c
Eisenhower State Funeral (1969)

(http://stumptownblogger.typepad.com/.a/6a010536b86d36970c017d3bf354fa970c-pi)

http://www.sandiegoreader.com/news/2012/jul/18/citylights1-nixons-swiss-stash/#
Nixon's Swiss Stash
By Don Bauder, July 18, 2012

Citizens are wringing their hands — wisely, in my opinion — about Mitt Romney’s long-standing practice of stashing money in havens such as Switzerland and the Cayman Islands. But during the Republican nomination race, then-candidate Newt Gingrich declared, “I don’t know of any American president who has had a Swiss bank account.”

Wrong, Newt. As a self-proclaimed historian, you should have read about Richard Nixon. According to reliable reports — not widely publicized — Nixon had a bundle of money in a now-defunct Swiss bank with smelly clients, particularly in San Diego.

The bank, which closed in 1974, was based in Zurich, but it had a branch in Nassau, the Bahamas, and its law firm and some operations were in New York City. It was named the Cosmos Bank. (Full disclosure: I began investigating Cosmos in 1970 and provided much information on it to Business Week magazine and Forbes magazine.)

Researchers have found that Cosmos was deeply involved with mobbed-up casino operations in the Bahamas and so was Nixon, often with his friend Bebe Rebozo. After Fidel Castro drove the Mafia out of Cuba, mob moneybags Meyer Lansky looked to the Bahamas for a casino haven.
...

Anthony Summers, author of The Arrogance of Power: The Secret World of Richard Nixon, wrote that according to documents seized by the Internal Revenue Service, the Nixon deposits in Cosmos were under the heading “N&R.” In the 1980s, Nixon, sometimes accompanied by his wife Pat and sometimes by Rebozo, “traveled to Zurich every single year,” according to Summers’s book
...
In 1964, Cosmos loaned millions of Swiss francs to builder Irvin J. Kahn for his Rancho Peñasquitos project near San Diego, California.” It was a concealed loan. “One of the conditions of the hidden loan called for Kahn to purchase a $1 million life insurance policy naming Cosmos as the beneficiary.” Hmmm
...

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Rebozo
Charles Gregory "Bebe" Rebozo (November 17, 1912, Tampa, Florida – May 8, 1998) was a Florida banker and businessman who became famous for being a friend and confidant of President Richard Nixon.
...
Rebozo first met then-U.S. Representative Nixon in 1950 through Florida Representative George Smathers. Smathers had recommended Key Biscayne as a vacation destination to Nixon, who eventually established a residence there which was later nicknamed the "Winter White House" by journalists. While Nixon was vacationing in Key Biscayne, Smathers had Rebozo and David Arvedon take Nixon deep sea fishing. Rebozo, Arvedon and Nixon then started a friendship that endured 44 years. [5]

Rebozo quickly became best friend and financial and real estate advisor to Nixon. In 1968 Rebozo changed his party from Democratic to Republican
...


http://npshistory.com/publications/mimi/srs/history.htm
(http://npshistory.com/publications/mimi/srs/fig3-2.jpg)
Vice President Richard M. Nixon, President Dwight D. Eisenhower, and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles (left to right) at the Brown Palace Hotel, Denver, Colorado, August 1952. WESTERN HISTORY DEPARTMENT, DENVER PUBLIC LIBRARY.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7EJZdikc6OA
John Foster Dulles Interview: U.S. Secretary of State under President Dwight D. Eisenhower (1952)
Longines is a watch company based in Saint-Imier, Switzerland


http://japanfocus.org/-peter_dale-scott/4109/article.html
...
Nixon, Voorhis, and the BIS

Loftus and Aarons date this secret collaboration between Allen Dulles and Nixon back to 1945.

According to several of our sources among the 'old spies,' Richard Nixon's political career began in 1945, when he was the navy officer temporarily assigned to review . . . captured Nazi documents. Allen Dulles allegedly told him to keep quiet about what he had seen and, in return, arranged to finance the young man’s first congressional campaign against [incumbent Congressman] Jerry Voorhis.30

Although Loftus and Aarons do not mention it, Voorhis was the principal ally and spokesman in Congress of Morgenthau and White’s charges against the Bank of International Settlements, having called for an investigation of the BIS in 1943.31 Dulles would therefore unquestionably have had another motive to see Voorhis defeated.

Voorhis himself wrote in an unpublished 1947 book manuscript that he had a lot of documentation “which would have shown how the [1946] Nixon campaign was a creature of big Eastern financial interests,” including “the major oil companies.” And a representative of Standard Oil, a company (represented by Sullivan and Cromwell) whose shady government dealings Voorhis had exposed, was present at the meeting which selected Nixon as a candidate

Nixon and the Dulles Brothers, August 11, 1948 – and Harry Dexter White

Most accounts of Nixon’s career point to an important meeting between Nixon and John Foster Dulles at the latter’s Republican Party headquarters in the Roosevelt Hotel on August 11, 1948, a meeting attended also by Allen Dulles and Douglas Dillon of Dillon Read, “one of the banking firms that [had] financed Hitler.”33 The conventional account is that Nixon approached the Dulleses with the proceedings from the House Un-American Affairs Committee (HUAC) on which he sat.34 Virtually all accounts say that their discussion concerned Alger Hiss.

It is probable however that when Nixon met with the Dulles brothers on August 11, 1948, the most urgent matter discussed was not Hiss, but the man then principally targeted by HUAC’s investigation – Harry Dexter White.

White had been the main focus of HUAC attention in 1948, both when Elizabeth Bentley had testified on July 31, and Whittaker Chambers on August 3. White and Lauchlin Currie, Bentley’s two principal targets (together with William Donovan’s law partner Duncan Lee), were due to testify in reply on August 13 (two days after the Dulles-Nixon meeting), along with Alger Hiss’s brother Donald. All three men would deny Bentley’s charges in their entirety, including Bentley’s charge (corroborated by Chambers) that White had “placed Communists in government posts to influence policy.”35

Chambers of course would be vindicated by Hiss’s ultimate conviction, twice, on perjury charges. But the main importance of Hiss at the Dulles-Nixon meeting on August 11, 1948, was as a challenge to the credibility of Chambers, a witness against the far more important target of White.36 One of the two men, either Hiss or Chambers, was apparently guilty of perjury. And Truman’s Justice Department was in the process of preparing a perjury indictment against Chambers, a key witness against White.37

Matters would change five days later. On August 16, three days after his stressful HUAC testimony, White died, after suffering two swift heart attacks. It was then that Hiss became by default HUAC’s principal target (and the key to Thomas Dewey’s presidential ambitions in the same year).

I mention all this because of the suggestion of many authors that, in post-war Washington, either White had to be discredited, or a number of those involved in the Wall Street-Berlin financial axis, including not just Thomas McKittrick but possibly also Prescott Bush (and perhaps even Bush’s lawyer Allen Dulles), risked being indicted. As Glen Yeadon and John Hawkins write,

White…was arguably one of the government’s most important postwar economists. However, due to his liberal economic policies, as well as his relentless pursuit of the financial dealings of large corporations with the Nazis, he had to be removed.38

Death did remove White on August 16, 1948, five days after the Dulles-Nixon meeting on August 11. But whereas most accounts say White died of a heart attack (e.g. Black, Richard M. Nixon, 118), the well-informed journalist Willard Edwards reported in 1949 that White’s cause of death, after being admitted to hospital with a heart attack, was in fact an overdose of digitalis.

[ why was Nixon in Switzerland in  July 1963?  By Dec., JFK Kennedy would be dead.]

http://www.gettyimages.com/detail/news-photo/le-pr%C3%A9sident-am%C3%A9ricain-richard-nixon-arrive-en-vacances-news-photo/558624977
Richard Nixon arrived on holiday with his family on July 12 1963 Geneva Switzerland

http://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-jul-14-1963-pictured-is-richard-nixon-on-a-motor-boat-at-the-international-69406049.html
(http://c8.alamy.com/comp/E0WM3D/jul-14-1963-pictured-is-richard-nixon-on-a-motor-boat-at-the-international-E0WM3D.jpg)
Jul. 14, 1963 - Pictured is Richard Nixon on a motor boat at the International Rowing Regatta in Rotsee, Switzerland.

http://cdnc.ucr.edu/cgi-bin/cdnc?a=d&d=DS19630716.2.72
Desert Sun, Number 295, 16 July 1963

Nixon Warns Against Concessions

FRANKFURT, Germany (UPI) Former Vice President Richard M. Nixon today said any further Western concessions in nuclear test ban talks would be ‘a victory for communism.’

...
the defeated 1960 GOP candidate for president said. Discusses Presidential Race Nixon, accompanied by his wife and two daughters and friends, also discussed the coming 1964 presidential race. "I should have something to say in about three months. If you say anything now you put yourself out on a limb...All those who will be candidates will have to declare themselves within three months and then I’M be’ able to throw my support to the man I believe can do the best job,” Nixon said. ‘I definitely will not declare myself a candidate,” he said. Nixon, pausing in Frankfurt on a hop from Switzerland to Hungary, spoke about New York Gov. |Nelson A. Rockefeller’s charges that extreme right-wingers hope j to gain control of the Republican I party.

http://www.stripes.com/blogs/archive-photo-of-the-day/archive-photo-of-the-day-1.9717/the-nixon-family-arrives-in-frankfurt-1963-1.203237

Frankfurt, Germany, July, 1963: The Nixon family poses after arriving in Frankfurt from Berlin. With former vice president Richard M. Nixon were daughter Julie, wife Pat and daughter Tricia. While in Berlin, Nixon journeyed to the other side of the Wall and talked to East Berliners. His reaction to the East was, "Budapest is a free city compared to this. You have to see it to believe it." As for his future, Nixon told reporters he had "no plans to be a candidate" for political office.

http://www.osaarchivum.org/greenfield/repository/osa:882fd006-d5b3-4221-a5b7-0b0b9c21b418
Collector: Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty Research Institute (RFE/RL Research Institute)
Title: Situation Report: Hungary, 19 July 1963
2.Nixon in Budapest
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on September 24, 2015, 03:44:59 pm
http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2015/sep/24/pope-call-immigration-unlikely-change-debate/
...
The Vatican, for its part, welcomes millions of visitors a year — but allows only a very select few, who meet strict criteria, to be admitted as residents or citizens.

Only about 450 of its 800 or so residents actually hold citizenship, according to a 2012 study by the Library of Congress. That study said citizens are either church cardinals who reside in the Vatican, the Holy See’s diplomats around the world, and those who have to reside in the city because of their jobs, such as the Swiss Guard.

Spouses and children who live in the city because of their relationship with citizens — including the Swiss Guard and workers such as the gardener — can also be granted citizenship. But that means few of the Vatican’s citizens are women.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on September 27, 2015, 06:15:13 pm
I had heard that the papers of Allen Dulles were not available ... just the inventory ...

hmmm ...

https://blogs.princeton.edu/mudd/2008/01/allen-dulles-papers-released-by-cia-to-princeton-are-now-online/
Allen Dulles papers released by CIA to Princeton are now online
Posted on January 23, 2008  by  Dan Linke   
 

The Central Intelligence Agency has released to Princeton University some 7,800 documents covering the career of Allen W. Dulles, the agency’s longest-serving director, which now can be viewed online at http://arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/st74cq497.

Dulles (1893-1969), a Princeton alumnus who headed the CIA from 1953 to 1961, was renowned for his role in shaping U.S. intelligence operations during the Cold War. Last March, the CIA released to Princeton a collection of letters, memoranda, reports and other papers — some still redacted — that the agency had removed from Dulles’ papers after his death and before their transfer to the University in 1974


...

The Allen W. Dulles Digital Files released to Princeton contain scanned images of professional correspondence, reports, lectures and administrative papers covering Dulles’ tenure with the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) — a U.S. intelligence agency created during World War II and forerunner of the CIA — as well as his career with the CIA and his retirement. The CIA culled these documents from Dulles’ home office, and the agency maintains the originals.

...

These digital files complement the Allen W. Dulles Papers maintained by Mudd Library. More information on that collection can be found at <arks.princeton.edu/ark:/88435/736664491>.
http://findingaids.princeton.edu/collections/MC019

see also: http://findingaids.princeton.edu/collections/MC019#summary
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 21, 2016, 01:28:52 pm
HRoss youtube:


Masonic Switzerland - Home of the Pharaohs (TPS)
Published on Dec 10, 2013
''Masonic Switzerland - Home of the Pharaohs''
The Pharaoh Show
Switzerland ✚
(1hr 33mins)

Feature-length documentary from the knowledgeable Dr. Sdf. Sean Hross a South African born historian, researcher and activist who narrates his way around Masonic Switzerland whilst filming the various architecture, symbols, monuments and statues.  (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BGhCS564VS4)

http://www.politico.com/magazine/story/2015/05/obama-presidential-library-116695
Turning Presidents Into Pharaohs Obama’s library will no doubt be the grandest temple of spin ever created
(http://i48.tinypic.com/qrb52w.jpg) (https://watch.pair.com/obama-clone-pharaoh.jpg)

Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on August 13, 2016, 12:08:02 pm
Hmmm.. train Knife attack on Swiss train by a Swiss Citizen? 

http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/world-news/terror-swiss-train-passengers-attacked-8624527
Terror on Swiss train as passengers are attacked by man with 'fire and knife' leaving carriage covered in blood
...
According to early reports, a man boarded the train, started a fire and then began stabbing passengers.

At least seven passengers were left seriously - suffering from burns and knife wounds after the 27-year-old man launched the assault.
...

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-37072847
...
The suspected attacker, described as a Swiss man aged 27, was also taken to hospital after the incident near Salez in St Gallen Canton.

He had ignited a flammable liquid before attacking people with a knife.
...

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/08/13/armed-man-injures-six-in-swiss-train-attack/
...
The man, a 27-year-old Swiss citizen, carried out the attack on a train travelling in Switzerland's far east, along its border with Liechtenstein, and was also injured, regional police in Saint Gallen said in a statement.
...
Contacted by AFP news agency, police said the motive for the attack was unknown.

https://twitter.com/search?q=switzerland+train+attack&ref_src=twsrc%5Egoogle%7Ctwcamp%5Eserp%7Ctwgr%5Esearch

| - - - -

http://newobserveronline.com/invaders-forced-marriage-switzerland/
Invaders: Forced Marriage in Switzerland
August 10, 2016 by TNO Staff—   in Europe    · 18 Comments

Nonwhite immigration to Switzerland has caused a surge in the number of forced marriages in that country, with at least 119 reported cases this year already.

The Center of Competence against Forced Marriage, or Zwangsheirat, reports that the perpetrators and victims are all from Eritrea, Somalia, Iraq, Afghanistan, and Syria.

According to a report in The Local’s Switzerland news service, of the 119 cases reported so far, 26 cases involved females under the age of 16, with some as young as ten years old.

According to Zwangsheirat’s director, Anu Sivaganesan, the latest figures are a “marked rise,” given only five cases involving victims under 16 were discovered between 2005, when the center began its work, and 2015.

Sivaganesan said the rise in the number of cases “could be partly explained by the increase in asylum seekers coming to Switzerland.”

But, she said, it was “also due to increased awareness of the issue among doctors, social workers, and teachers in Switzerland since the country amended its laws on forced marriage in 2013.”

This means that the practice of forced marriages is equally prevalent among the already settled “legal” nonwhite immigrants in Switzerland.

Many minors who were forced into marriage outside Switzerland report themselves to the authorities once they arrive in the country, she said, because being in a place they consider safe allows them to “dare to oppose” their situation.

Once identified, the center works with victims to separate them from their spouse and “give minors back a part of their childhood,” said Sivaganesan.
...

| - - - -

Earlier this year:

http://shoebat.com/2016/04/06/gang-of-muslims-savagely-attack-swiss-teenager-at-train-station-for-no-apparent-reason-beat-his-head-with-rocks-nobody-does-anything-to-stop-them-because-they-are-too-scared/

Gang Of Muslims Savagely Attack Swiss Teenager At Train Station For No Apparent Reason, Beat His Head With Rocks, Nobody Does Anything To Stop Them Because They Are Too Scared

By Andrew Bieszad on April 6, 2016 in General

...
http://www.20min.ch/schweiz/news/story/25378824
03. April 2016
...

What first was just an uncomfortable situation, drastically went bad. “The men – I think they were all Eritreans – wanted to shake my friend’s hand. One of them gave him his hand. My other friend didn’t want to and he said: “Go away.” That’s when the tense situation completely capsized. F, said: “They just pounced on him, they beat him and they kicked him from all sides.” The 17 year old Swiss tried to help his 19 year old friend – “that’s when they beat on him as well.”

Then F., her girlfriend, and the 17 year old, had to helplessly watch what happened next:

“They threw our friend on the tracks, they kept kicking him, they picked up rocks from the tracks, and they beat him with the rocks, his head, everywhere.”

What then happened, F. can’t fully remember. “We were in shock.” But she can remember certain details clearly: The train to Lenzburg arrived, the people on the platform – all of them witnesses of what just happened – entered the train. “I couldn’t get in, we weren’t complete, and then the doors of the train shut again, it left”, she says. “I remember how I more than once told one young couple that was just standing there, to call the police. But they just turned around and didn’t do anything!”

“I am totally shocked. Why did no one of all the people standing around do anything?” Her mother says: “it just shouldn’t and couldn’t be that a person wouldn’t even call 117 (It’s the Swiss 911, and by the way, in Switzerland you can even dial 911 and it will automatically direct you to 117) when something like this happens! Is everybody just looking the other way?”


Police confirmed first arrests

To 12:12 ringing in Kapo AG the phone. It is F. It is the first and so far the only caller, which was noted in the record. Immediately puts the canton police of after Villmergen. Before Restaurant Ochsen the police abide by several people, take pictures, send pictures to mobile Fs. F .: "Three of them I recognized immediately." The cantonal police Aargau confirmed on inquiry that they had arrested to 01:40 three Eritreans in Villmergen.

"Even that shocked me completely," says Q .: "Why has no one done by all the people something?" Her mother says: "It can and it must not be but that you can not even the 117 like when something happens ? Look for all just go away? "

The two young women were physically unharmed in the attack. The 17-year-old escaped with minor head injuries, was 19-year-old on Sunday to monitor the hospital in Muri AG, it could then in the course of the day, according to F. again leave. He had bruises and torn muscles all over the body.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on September 27, 2016, 01:00:21 pm
https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/1862610/swiss-parliament-votes-to-ban-muslim-women-from-wearing-the-burka-in-public/
BURKA BAN Swiss parliament votes to ban Muslim women from wearing the Burka in public
Vote passes 88 to 87 with 10 abstentions
 by emma lake 
27th September 2016, 12:47 pm
 
The Burka has already been banned in the Tessin region of Switzerland with people facing fines in excess of £7,000 for breaching the rule.

Following the introduction of this ban earlier this year a national committee was set up and began collecting signatures to expand the ban across the rest of the country
,....
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on September 09, 2017, 12:15:17 pm
interesting NYT - Switzerland AND Sweden - a two fer ...

http://www.nytimes.com/1997/01/26/weekinreview/the-not-so-neutrals-of-world-war-ii.html?mcubz=0
The (Not So) Neutrals of World War II
By ROGER COHEN
JAN. 26, 1997

WHEN the world was simpler, divided during a bitter peace between the forces of good on this side of the Iron Curtain and the ''Evil Empire'' beyond it, the concept of ''neutrality'' in Europe seemed as clearly delineated and reassuring as the Swiss flag itself. The neutral state stood in the middle, between the globe's conflicting forces. It connoted a certain decency, cold and formal perhaps, but incompatible with the concealment of Nazi plunder or other skulduggery.

But neutrality, like virtue, is seldom absolute. Applied to the acts of a state during several years of war, the adjective ''neutral'' is almost inevitably inadequate. Wars are hell. But they are also opportunity. They are generally long, made up of hard, grinding days that do not naturally nourish man's nobler instincts.

The neutral states of World War II -- among them Switzerland, Sweden and Portugal -- composed their neutrality day after day. The Swiss did not want the Germans in Geneva but did not have an army that could stop them from getting there. The Portuguese, led by a fascist, were worried about what the British might do to their African colonies. The Swedes needed German coal and the Germans needed Swedish iron ore. Such equations -- involving geography, economic interest, historical ties, strategic aims and emotional sympathies -- defined policy. Survival mattered above all.

Morality was secondary, if that; which is where the gold and the assets of Jewish victims of Hitler come in.
...
But the apparent failure of the Swiss banking community to give a clear accounting of its dealings with the Nazis has fueled an increasingly venomous exchange between Jewish groups and the Swiss authorities. The image of Switzerland -- comforting because neutral -- has taken on a darker hue. In the place of chocolates, cute little cottages and kindly burghers, another Switzerland has emerged, suspicious of Jewish ''blackmail'' and cabals, unsure what guilt, if any, to admit.

In the Swiss wake, Portugal and Sweden have also arrived in the historical dock. Their governments' apparent lack of interest in the source of the Nazi gold they received in exchange for sales to Germany of tungsten, wood, sardines and iron ore has been widely criticized. As in Switzerland, the suspicion has emerged that they profited from the Nazi conquest, and genocide, and that their neutrality was simply a cloak for connivance.

''Sweden was not neutral, Sweden was weak,'' said Arne Ruth, a Swedish journalist who has written a book on the Third Reich. ''Its sales of iron ore made an important contribution to the German effort. It allowed German troops and weaponry through its territory to Norway. In 1943, its government told the central bank to ignore suspicions that German gold Sweden received was looted. What is interesting is that all these facts, more or less known for some time, are commanding such attention now.''

There is no question that recently declassified documents, the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II in 1995, and unprecedented access to archives in Moscow and other ex-Communist states have all played a role in reopening discussion of the war and turning events of long ago into news.
...

The truth, beside such calculations, was of little moment. Politics was paramount. The same is certainly true of Switzerland, Sweden and Portugal, states that all became part of the Western family after 1945. Portugal, still under its dictator Antonio Salazar, entered NATO. Switzerland and Sweden were lands of freedom and democracy. Pressing them on their war records was not a priority in the West.

Immediately after the war, the United States did attempt to press Portugal to surrender 44 tons of German gold by freezing its assets in the United States. But seven years later, with America anxious to get Portugal into NATO and secure an important strategic base in the Azores, the matter was dropped.

In Switzerland, as in Sweden, the facts of an uneven war record have been broadly known for some time. Switzerland let some Jewish refugees in, but it turned others away. It secured food and other supplies from Germany and Fascist Italy; its bankers did business with both. Especially in the later years of the war, it proved a valuable listening post for Allied intelligence services.

''The romantic idea of the Swiss citizen army standing between it and disaster in the war was always nonsense,'' said Arno J. Mayer, a professor of history at Princeton University. ''Given the fact it borders Germany, it was natural for it to lean more toward the Axis powers. It is the new spirit of our times that has led to the current scrutiny.''

That spirit has also been evident elsewhere. It is only recently, in 1995, that France has fully acknowledged its responsibility in the deportation of Jews and only recently that the early Allied awareness of the Holocaust has become widely acknowledged. The truth, with its inevitable moral ambiguities, can now be told.
...
Our vision of wartime ''neutrality'' was an illusion. But so, too, in some ways, was our vision of ourselves. The neutral countries were imperfect, but perhaps we were all less perfect than we believed.

| - - - -

  Hansson was a NAZI : reference : see also:

https://www.banking.senate.gov/97_05hrg/051597/witness/lilje.htm
Senate Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Committee
Hearing on the Eizenstat Report regarding Holocaust Assets
10:00 a.m., Thursday, May 15, 1997

Prepared Testimony of His Excellency Carl Henrik Sihver Liljegren Ambassador of Sweden

...
The points on which the government was open to attack were to some extent obvious. It was criticized for having pursued an excessively submissive policy towards Germany. The then Prime Minister Mr. Hansson and the Minister for Foreign Affairs Mr. Gunther did not dispute that concessions had been made and that divergences from the rules of neutrality had occurred. As Prime Minister Hansson put it:

'On each occasion our overriding aim was to keep Sweden out of the war, if this could be done without loss of independence. It is clear that we could not ignore "the realities of power" in this connection. It has not been possible to follow a strict policy - what country has incidentally been able to do that? - and we have had to judge each time what was compatible with our essential objective'.

In the paper it is further stated that, "The concessions Sweden made during the years of German supremacy naturally favored Germany, as even the defenders of the war time government conceded. However, they argued that the importance of these concessions should not be exaggerated and that if they were viewed in the perspective of world war, their significance was extraordinarily limited. If one considered the consequences for the other Nordic peoples, Swedish policy had certainly not impeded their struggle for freedom or caused them increased suffering. On the contrary, Sweden had been able to help them within the limits of the possible, while an unbending policy might have led to a German occupation and complete control of the entire Nordic region" and, let me add, of all Swedish resources.

It is also stated in the paper that, "Most critics of the war time government --believed that it could have followed a firmer policy towards the Germans without running a great risk of attack. They argued that the government had exaggerated the risks in order to pursue an accommodating policy whose real roots lay in weak nerves or an indifference to the values which were at stake in the world war. The debate largely came to concern how great the risk of armed attack or overwhelming pressure had really been during the various crises of the war years. It was, of course, impossible to give a definite answer to hypothetical questions of this kind."

|- - - -

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Per_Albin_Hansson

Per Albin Hansson (28 October 1885 – 6 October 1946) was a Swedish politician, chairman of the Social Democrats from 1925 and two-time Prime Minister in four governments between 1932 and 1946,[1] governing all that period save for a short-lived crisis in the summer of 1936, which he ended by forming a coalition government with his main adversary

...

Following the German-Soviet invasion of Poland in 1939, Hansson declared strict neutrality and called for the formation of a broad coalition government involving all major parties under his leadership, which was realized in December except only the pro-Stalinist Communist Party and its short-lived pro-Nazi splinter faction, the Socialist Party, much to the delight of the remainder parties.[4] Alone in Europe save for Spain, Portugal, Switzerland, Ireland and the Vatican, Sweden maintained neutrality throughout all World War II, but like the mentioned countries, cooperated and traded with both sides.

Winston Churchill claimed that Sweden during World War II ignored the greater moral issues and played both sides for profit, a criticism mimicked in criticism towards Sweden's policy towards the German occupation of Denmark and Norway upheld partly by transportation reinforcement through Swedish territory, sanctioned by Hansson's cabinet.[5]

The German invasion of the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941, Operation Barbarossa sparked an ultimatum known as the Midsommarkrisen by the government of Nazi Germany to Hansson's cabinet, demanding some military concessions, including German troop transports on Swedish railways in order to support Germany's ally Finland. Political deliberations surrounding this ultimatum have been dubbed the "midsummer crisis", which ultimately, allegedly following King Gustav V's decision to resign should the concessions not be made, fell out in favor of the Axis. The 83-year-old king formally (although having not directly intervened in the government's policies since 1914) had the powers to appoint his own cabinet, and his open intervention in the issue was seen as a threat to the stability of the government and, given the ongoing war, to the sovereignty of the nation.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on September 18, 2017, 02:58:00 pm
https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-09-18/geneva-police-confiscate-euro-bills-clogging-up-toilets
Geneva Police Confiscate Euro Bills Clogging Up Toilets
By Mara Bernath
September 18, 2017, 3:39 AM PDT

Talk about money down the drain.

Swiss prosecutors are trying to figure out why someone apparently attempted to flush tens of thousands of euros down the toilet at a Geneva branch of UBS Group AG.

The first 500-euro ($597) bills were discovered several months ago in a bathroom close to a bank vault containing hundreds of safe deposit boxes, according to a report in Tribune de Geneve confirmed by the city prosecutor’s office. A few days later, more banknotes turned up in toilets at three nearby restaurants, requiring thousands of francs in plumbing repairs to unclog the pipes.
...
In all, police have extracted tens of thousands of euros in soiled bills, many of which appear to have been cut with scissors.
...
“there must be something behind this story,” said Henri Della Casa, a spokesman for the Geneva Prosecutor’s Office. “That’s why we started an investigation.”
...
UBS also declined to comment on the incident at its branch on the Rue de la Corraterie in downtown Geneva.

Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on October 25, 2017, 03:38:41 pm
"How odd that the Swiss psychoanalyst, who considered himself the founder of a new religion to replace traditional Christianity, who wrote of his own "deification" as a lion-headed god from an ancient Aryan mystery cult, should achieve such pre-eminent status."

... it's probably just me, but I don't get your posts ... they fly over
my head like August fireflies. Something about Obama's eye-tic,
bark beetles, Carlos Castaneda, mutilation, castration, Lupus and the
Old Believers in British Columbia.

Anyway, let's start with No. 1,
Carl Gustav Jung, Why I Am Not A Catholic:

(http://i247.photobucket.com/albums/gg148/evinyl/PrisonPlanetForum/carl-jung-quotes-on-personalitty-e1351431430209.jpg)

READ ARTICLE HERE:
http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/view.cfm?recnum=246 (http://www.catholicculture.org/culture/library/view.cfm?recnum=246)

New Book Shows Scary Side of Jung
 
by Paul Likoudis

In the past 30 years, a "quiet revolution" has taken place in the Catholic Church as the psychoanalytical teachings of Carl Jung), replaced those of Jesus Christ, St. Paul, St. Augustine, and St. Thomas Aquinas in the "mainstream" of Catholic teaching in Western Europe and the United States-a revolution which most Catholics have not yet noticed.

How odd that the Swiss psychoanalyst, who considered himself the founder of a new religion to replace traditional Christianity, who wrote of his own "deification" as a lion-headed god from an ancient Aryan mystery cult, should achieve such pre-eminent status.

Odder yet, in our post-Holocaust world, that Jung, a virulent anti-Semite whom the British Foreign Office wanted tried at the Nuremberg war crimes trials as a Nazi pseudoscientist, should be embraced as a spiritual guide by millions of Catholics seeking psychological healing.

Even odder is the fact that Jung, an "apostle for adultery," who believed in (and practiced) polygamy, who devoted his life to overthrowing patriarchal society and reviving the ancient pagan gods of the libido, should have his "insights" into masculinity and femininity and sexuality upheld by a woman Dolores Leckey-who has headed the U.S. bishops' Marriage and Family Life Office in their national conference for 20 years!

These bizarre developments in the Catholic Church have not yet had the hearing they deserve, but a new book by Richard Noll., a clinical psychologist and lecturer in the history of science at Harvard University, should generate. some long-overdue discussion.

Two years after publishing The Jung Cult (Princeton University Press), which demonstrated that Jung deliberately founded a new religious movement, Noll is back with The Aryan Christ: The Secret Life of C. G. Jung (Random House), which presents even more explosive revelations detailing Jung's obsession with overthrowing orthodox Christianity.

Noll shows how Jung was, in many ways, the product of his environment. He was the grandson of an apostate Catholic and physician, Karl Gustav Jung, who rose high in Masonic and Illuminati circles. The elder Karl might have been-Carl Jung believed he was-the result of an adulterous affair between K. G.'s mother and Goethe; at any rate, adultery and Masonic mysticism and occultism would continue racing through the Jung genes.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 21, 2018, 10:01:39 am
A little catch up ...  2016 - Switzerland withdraws EU application ...

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-3644697/Switzerland-WITHDRAWS-application-European-Union-member-state-one-week-Brexit-vote.html

'Only a few lunatics want to join the EU now':
Switzerland WITHDRAWS application to become a European Union member state one week before the Brexit vote

    Application to join the EU was submitted by the country in 1992
    EU has not considered it an official candidate for 20 years
    Swiss counsellor eager to 'close topic fast and painlessly'

By MailOnline Reporter
Published: 07:52 EDT, 16 June 2016
...
A total of 27 members of parliament's upper house voted to invalidate the 1992 application, backing up an earlier decision by the lower house. Only 13 senators voted against while two abstained.
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on August 17, 2018, 01:21:51 pm
https://www.yahoo.com/news/muslim-couple-denied-swiss-citizenship-over-handshake-refusal-165220137.html
Muslim couple denied Swiss citizenship over handshake refusal
AFP?August 17, 2018

Geneva (AFP) - The Swiss city of Lausanne has blocked a Muslim couple's bid to become Swiss nationals over their refusal to shake hands with members of the opposite sex.

The municipality said it refused to grant the couple's citizenship application over their lack of respect for gender equality, Lausanne mayor Gregoire Junod told AFP.

He said a municipal commission had questioned the couple several months ago to determine if they met the criteria for citizenship, but had determined in the ruling made public Friday that they missed the mark on integration.

He refused to divulge the couple's nationalities or other identifying details, but said they "did not shake hands with people of the opposite sex."

They also "showed great difficulty in answering questions asked by people of the opposite sex," he said.
...
Title: Re: Target Switzerland
Post by: TahoeBlue on November 21, 2018, 11:08:52 am
https://www.syngenta.com/
Let's increase our food supply without reducing theirs.
(https://www.syngenta.com/~/media/Images/S/Syngenta/logo/logo.png?h=47&la=en&w=115)

https://www.syngenta.com/who-we-are/corporate-governance
Corporate Governance at Syngenta is designed to support the Company in its efforts to create and foster sustainable value for all stakeholders. Syngenta?s Board of Directors gives priority to the Corporate Governance framework by proactively and continuously implementing and improving best corporate governance standards.

https://www.gettyimages.co.uk/photos/syngenta-ag-full-year-results-news-conference-as-chemchina-agrees-to-record-43-billion-deal?sort=mostpopular&mediatype=photography&phrase=syngenta%20ag%20full%20year%20results%20news%20conference%20as%20chemchina%20agrees%20to%20record%2043%20billion%20deal
Syngenta Ag Full Year Results News Conference As Chemchina Agrees To Record 43 Billion Deal Pictures and Images

(https://media.gettyimages.com/photos/ren-jianxin-chairman-of-china-national-chemical-corp-left-and-michel-picture-id508123160)
Syngenta AG Full Year Results News Conference As ChemChina Agrees To Record $43 Billion Deal
Ren Jianxin, chairman of China National Chemical Corp., left, and Michel Demare, chairman of Syngenta AG, shake hands after a news conference to announce the ChemChina deal,
delivered during the Syngenta AG full year results presentation in Basel, Switzerland, on Wednesday, Feb. 3, 2016.

China National Chemical Corp. agreed to buy Swiss pesticide and seeds maker Syngenta for more than $43 billion in cash as the state-backed company extends its shopping spree with what would be the biggest acquisition by a Chinese firm. Photographer: Luke MacGregor/Bloomberg via Getty Images ***Local Caption *** Ren Jianxin; Michel Demare

https://www.producer.com/2018/08/syngenta-embraces-china-role/
Syngenta embraces China role

BEIJING, China (Reuters) ? It?s been a year since Syngenta?s $43 billion purchase by ChemChina, and the seed and chemical giant is leveraging its new status as a Chinese company to grow its tiny share of the highly fragmented China market.

The former Swiss firm is targeting growth through acquisitions in the $17 billion Chinese seed market, where access is restricted for foreign players, as well as new products and collaborations in technology.

It hopes its edge in the world?s second-biggest farm inputs market will help it catch bigger global rivals in seeds, Monsanto and DowDuPont, in the wake of a round of consolidation in the agricultural products sector.
,,..

Atrazine ...


https://draxe.com/atrazine/
...
What Is Atrazine? A Look at the Toxin and Its History

Atrazine is an herbicide produced by Syngenta AG, a global company based in Switzerland. In the U.S., the product is used mainly to kill weeds. It was first registered by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) as an herbicide in 1958.

While 90 percent of atrazine, or 70 million pounds, is used annually in America
...

http://naturalsociety.com/new-study-pesticides-a-major-cause-of-infertility-male-erectile-dysfunction/
New Study: Pesticides a ?Major Cause? of Infertility, Male Erectile Dysfunction
And this isn't the only study coming to these conclusions


Male fertility is declining, and for years researchers have been trying to figure out why. The numbers may seem shocking, but between 60-80 million couples around the world are having a difficult time conceiving, and there is a likely culprit, especially considering evidence arising from the latest study published at Science Direct.
....