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***THE MAIN BOARDS - Welcome to the Prison Planet Educational Forum and Library*** => PhD Investigative Reports (only for the hardcore) => Topic started by: CitizenInvestigator on May 18, 2011, 08:36:48 pm

Title: British Security Coordination - "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 Roosevelt speech
Post by: CitizenInvestigator on May 18, 2011, 08:36:48 pm
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YxHTkXjx6wc

new link:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ak61DaD32Ww
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: Opt-Out!! on May 18, 2011, 11:19:07 pm
That is incredible. Great find.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 24, 2011, 01:47:55 pm
October 27, 1941- Address for Navy and Total Defense Day-Franklin D. Roosevelt
http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=16030&st=new+world+order&st1=#axzz1NIedOVv5
http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=16030&st=new+world+order&st1=#ixzz1NIenCKuQ

"Hitler has often protested that his plans for conquest do not extend across the Atlantic Ocean. His submarines and raiders prove otherwise. So does the entire design of his NEW WORLD ORDER, For example, I have in my possession a secret map made in Germany by Hitler's Government—by the planners of the NEW WORLD ORDER. - Franklin D. Roosevelt, October 27 1941

For example, I have in my possession a secret map made in Germany by Hitler's Government—by the planners of the new world order. It is a map of South America and a part of Central America, as Hitler proposes to reorganize it. Today in this area there are fourteen separate countries. But the geographical experts of Berlin have ruthlessly obliterated all existing boundary lines; they have divided South America into five vassal states, bringing the whole continent under their domination. And they have also so arranged it that the territory of one of these new puppet states includes the Republic of Panama and our great life line—the Panama Canal. That is his plan. It will never go into effect.

http://bigthink.com/ideas/21302
http://strangemaps.files.wordpress.com/2008/03/sudameriqa.jpg
(http://www.mygen.com/images/sudameriqa.c.jpg) BSC Nazi South America Map (http://strangemaps.files.wordpress.com/2008/03/sudameriqa.jpg)
The map, however, was a fake. World War II revisionists (not to put too fine a point on it: those who would have preferred the Nazis to win) claim this proves that FDR was a war-mongerer, prepared to lie shamelessly in order to drag the US into war. But in this case, FDR might have been more mongered against than mongering – the map most probably was a British forgery, not an American one.

History ISN'T exactly What you THINK it IS...

In 1998 the BSC typescript (one of only two remaining) was eventually published. To say it fell stillborn from the press would be an understatement.

Yet here is a book of some 500 pages, written just after the war by former BSC agents, telling the whole story of Britain's US infiltration in great detail, recounting all the dirty tricks and the copious and widespread news manipulation that went on. I think it's fair to say that historians of the British Secret Services know about BSC and its operations, yet in the wider world it still remains virtually unheard of.

http://www.amazon.com/British-Security-Coordination-Intelligence-Americas/dp/0756754690/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1306264003&sr=1-2
British Security Coordination: The Secret History of British Intelligence in the Americas, 1940-45 [Unknown Binding]

Unknown Binding: 536 pages
Publisher: Diane Pub. (1998)
Language: English
ISBN-10: 0756754690
ISBN-13: 978-0756754693

Quote
Roosevelt even cited it in a powerful pro-war, anti-Nazi speech on October 27 1941: "This map makes clear the Nazi design," Roosevelt declaimed, "not only against South America but against the United States as well."

http://www.dianepublishing.net/aboutus.asp
Publisher: Diane Pub. (1998)
Diane Publishing - 20th Anniversary

We distribute the most important documents and reports produced by all three branches of the U.S. government -- executive, congressional and judicial. Our inventory of over 25,000 documents is especially strong in the areas of defense, law enforcement, business, agriculture, natural disasters, education, the environment, energy, housing, intelligence agencies, and medicine and health. All reports are printed on demand, and are kept in print forever.

We also distribute over 7,000 new, but out-of-print, non-fiction books from publishers worldwide. Three prestigious societies -- the American Philosophical Society, the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and The Library Company of Philadelphia -- have entrusted their warehousing and fulfillment to us.

see:   Churchill danced after hearing that Americans were slaughtered at Pearl Harbor   (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=163194.msg1001141#msg1001141)

The BSC in 1940-1941

Webster G. Tarpley Debunks Pearl Harbor Myths (And British Spy Ring EXPOSED)   (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=88303)

In 1969, Rockefeller Official Said US Would Be De-industrialized  (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=112518.msg704337#msg704337)

British Security Coordination Spy Ring in the U.S. prior to Pearl Harbor

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2006/aug/19/military.secondworldwar
The secret persuaders - The Guardian, Saturday 19 August 2006

It was 1940, the Nazis were in the ascendant, the Blitz at its deadliest, and Britain's last hope was to bring a reluctant United States into the war. So it was that the largest covert operation in UK history was launched. William Boyd sheds light on a forgotten spy ring William Boyd
...

However, one of ...

BSC's most successful operations originated in South America and illustrates the clandestine ability it had to influence even the most powerful. The aim was to suggest that Hitler's ambitions extended across the Atlantic. In October 1941, a map was stolen from a German courier's bag in Buenos Aires. The map purported to show a South America divided into five new states - Gaus, each with their own Gauleiter - one of which, Neuspanien, included Panama and "America's lifeline" the Panama Canal.

In addition, the map detailed Lufthansa routes from Europe to and across South America, extending into Panama and Mexico. The inference was obvious: watch out, America, Hitler will be at your southern border soon. The map was taken as entirely credible and

Roosevelt even cited it in a powerful pro-war, anti-Nazi speech on October 27 1941: "This map makes clear the Nazi design," Roosevelt declaimed, "not only against South America but against the United States as well."


Also see the IPR and the Sorge Spy ring...  The BSC in 1940-1941

Webster G. Tarpley Debunks Pearl
Harbor Myths (Amongst Other Things)  (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=88303.msg517611#msg517611)

British Security Coordination Spy Ring in the U.S. prior to Pearl Harbor

http://www.guardian.co.uk/uk/2006/aug/19/military.secondworldwar
The secret persuaders

It was 1940, the Nazis were in the ascendant, the Blitz at its deadliest, and Britain's last hope was to bring a reluctant United States into the war. So it was that the largest covert operation in UK history was launched. William Boyd sheds light on a forgotten spy ring William Boyd
The Guardian, Saturday 19 August 2006

"British Security Coordination". The phrase is bland, almost defiantly ordinary, depicting perhaps some sub-committee of a minor department in a lowly Whitehall ministry. In fact BSC, as it was generally known, represented one of the largest covert operations in British spying history; a covert operation, moreover, that was run not in Occupied France, nor in the Soviet Union during the cold war, but in the US, our putative ally, during 1940 and 1941, before Pearl Harbor and the US's eventual participation in the war in Europe against Nazi Germany.

When Winston Churchill became prime minister in May 1940, he realised immediately - if he had not realised before - that he had to achieve one thing in order to ensure that Britain was not defeated by Hitler's Germany: he had to enlist the US as Britain's ally. With the US alongside Britain, Hitler would be defeated - eventually. Without the US (Russia was neutral at the time), the future looked unbearably bleak. Roosevelt, as president, was predisposed to help - after a fashion and for cash on delivery - but the situation in America was overwhelmingly isolationist. One easily forgets this, in the era of our much-vaunted, so-called "special relationship", but at the nadir of Britain's fortunes, polls in the US still showed that 80% of Americans were against joining the war in Europe. Anglophobia was widespread and the US Congress was violently opposed to any form of intervention.

After the fall of France in June 1940, Britain's position became even weaker - it was assumed that British capitulation was simply a matter of time; why join the side of a doomed loser, ran the argument in the US. Roosevelt's hands were therefore firmly tied. Much as he might have liked to help Britain (and this, I feel, is a moot point: just how enthusiastic was FDR himself?) he dared not risk alienating Congress - and he had a presidential election looming that he did not want to lose. To go to the country on a "Join the war in Europe" ticket would have been electoral suicide. He had to be very pragmatic indeed - and there was no greater pragmatist than FDR.

All the same, Churchill's task, as he himself saw it, was clear: somehow, in some way, the great mass of the population of the US had to be persuaded that it was in their interests to join the war in Europe, that to sit on the sidelines was in some way un-American. And so British Security Coordination came into being.

BSC was set up by a Canadian entrepreneur called William Stephenson, working on behalf of the British Secret Intelligence Services (SIS).

An office was opened in the Rockefeller Centre in Manhattan with the discreet compliance of Roosevelt and J Edgar Hoover of the FBI. But nobody on the American side of the fence knew what BSC's full agenda was nor, indeed, what would be the massive scale of its operations.

What eventually occurred as 1940 became 1941 was that BSC became a huge secret agency of nationwide news manipulation and black propaganda. Pro-British and anti-German stories were planted in American newspapers and broadcast on American radio stations, and simultaneously a campaign of harassment and denigration was set in motion against those organisations perceived to be pro-Nazi or virulently isolationist (such as the notoriously anti-British America First Committee - it had more than a million paid-up members).

Stephenson called his methods "political warfare", but the remarkable fact about BSC was that no one had ever tried to achieve such a level of "spin", as we would call it today, on such a vast and pervasive scale in another country. The aim was to change the minds of an entire population: to make the people of America think that joining the war in Europe was a "good thing" and thereby free Roosevelt to act without fear of censure from Congress or at the polls in an election.

BSC's media reach was extensive: it included such eminent American columnists as Walter Winchell and Drew Pearson, and influenced coverage in newspapers such as the Herald Tribune, the New York Post and the Baltimore Sun. BSC effectively ran its own radio station, WRUL, and a press agency, the Overseas News Agency (ONA), feeding stories to the media as they required from foreign datelines to disguise their provenance. WRUL would broadcast a story from ONA and it thus became a US "source" suitable for further dissemination, even though it had arrived there via BSC agents. It would then be legitimately picked up by other radio stations and newspapers, and relayed to listeners and readers as fact. The story would spread exponentially and nobody suspected this was all emanating from three floors of the Rockefeller Centre. BSC took enormous pains to ensure its propaganda was circulated and consumed as bona fide news reporting. To this degree its operations were 100% successful: they were never rumbled.

Nobody really knows how many people ended up working for BSC - as agents or sub-agents or sub-sub-agents - although I have seen the figure mentioned of up to 3,000. Certainly at the height of its operations in late 1941 there were many hundreds of agents and many hundreds of fellow travellers (enough finally to stir the suspicions of Hoover, for one). Three thousand British agents spreading propaganda and mayhem in a staunchly anti-war America. It almost defies belief. Try to imagine a CIA office in Oxford Street with 3,000 US operatives working in a similar way. The idea would be incredible - but it was happening in America in 1940 and 1941, and the organisation grew and grew.

From a novelist's point of view, to discover such a forgotten corner of 20th-century history is a wonderful and unique gift. I had long wanted to write a novel about a spy, a woman spy in fact, but to have her spying in America - rather than in Russia or Germany or Occupied France - seemed an irresistible bonus. The more I investigated BSC's activities, the more intrigued I became. Some of BSC's schemes verged on the absurd; some were highly sophisticated media manipulation.

BSC invented a game called "Vik", described as "a fascinating new pastime for lovers of democracy". Printed booklets described up to 500 ways of harassing and annoying Nazi sympathisers. Players of Vik were encouraged to ring up their targets at all hours of the night and hang up. Dead rats could be put in water tanks, air could be let out of the subject's car tyres, anonymous deliveries could be made to his house and so on. In the summer of 1941, BSC sent a sham Hungarian astrologer to the US called Louis de Wohl. At a press conference De Wohl said he had been studying Hitler's astrological chart and could see nothing but disaster ahead for the German dictator. De Wohl became a minor celebrity and went on tour through the US, issuing similar dire prognostications about Hitler and his allies. De Wohl's wholly bogus predictions were widely published.

However, one of BSC's most successful operations originated in South America and illustrates the clandestine ability it had to influence even the most powerful. The aim was to suggest that Hitler's ambitions extended across the Atlantic. In October 1941, a map was stolen from a German courier's bag in Buenos Aires. The map purported to show a South America divided into five new states - Gaus, each with their own Gauleiter - one of which, Neuspanien, included Panama and "America's lifeline" the Panama Canal. In addition, the map detailed Lufthansa routes from Europe to and across South America, extending into Panama and Mexico. The inference was obvious: watch out, America, Hitler will be at your southern border soon. The map was taken as entirely credible and Roosevelt even cited it in a powerful pro-war, anti-Nazi speech on October 27 1941: "This map makes clear the Nazi design," Roosevelt declaimed, "not only against South America but against the United States as well."

The news of the map caused a tremendous stir: as a piece of anti-Nazi propaganda it could not be bettered. But was the South America map genuine? My own hunch is that it was a British forgery (BSC had a superb document forging facility across the border in Canada). The story of its provenance is just too pat to be wholly believable. Allegedly, only two of these maps were made; one was in Hitler's keeping, the other with the German ambassador in Buenos Aires. So how come a German courier, who was involved in a car crash in Buenos Aires, happened to have a copy on him? Conveniently, this courier was being followed by a British agent who in the confusion of the incident somehow managed to snaffle the map from his bag and it duly made its way to Washington.

The story of the South America map and the other BSC schemes was written up (in an extensive document of some hundreds of pages) after the war for private circulation by three former members of BSC (one of them Roald Dahl, interestingly enough). This secret history was a form of present for William Stephenson and a selected few others; it was available only in typescript and only 10 typescripts ever existed. Churchill had one, Stephenson had one and others were given to a few high officials in the SIS but they were regarded as top secret.

When Stephenson's highly colourful and vividly inaccurate biography was written (A Man Called Intrepid, 1976), the BSC typescript was drawn on by its author, but very selectively - in order to spare American blushes. The story of BSC seemed to be one of those wartime secrets that was never to be wholly revealed, like Bletchley Park and the Enigma machine decryptions. But the Enigma story was eventually made public and has been written about endlessly since the mid-1970s, fostering films, TV plays and novels in the wake of the revelations. But somehow BSC and the role of British agents in the US before Pearl Harbor has remained almost wholly undisclosed - one wonders why.

In 1998 the BSC typescript (one of only two remaining) was eventually published. To say it fell stillborn from the press would be an understatement. Yet here is a book of some 500 pages, written just after the war by former BSC agents, telling the whole story of Britain's US infiltration in great detail, recounting all the dirty tricks and the copious and widespread news manipulation that went on. I think it's fair to say that historians of the British Secret Services know about BSC and its operations, yet in the wider world it still remains virtually unheard of.

The reason is the story of BSC and its operations before Pearl Harbor is deeply embarrassing and remains so to this day. The document is explicit and condescending about American gullibility: "The simple truth is the United States is inhabited by people of many conflicting races, interests and creeds. These people, though fully conscious of their wealth and power in the aggregate, are still unsure of themselves individually, still basically on the defensive." BSC set out to manipulate "these people" and was very successful at so doing - hardly the kind of attitude countries involved in a "special relationship" should display. But that relationship is a Churchillian myth, invented and fostered by him after the war, and has been bought into wholesale by every subsequent British prime minister (with the possible exception of Harold Wilson).

As the secret history of the BSC unequivocally shows, sovereign states act exclusively to serve their own interests. A commentator in the Washington Post who read the BSC history remarked, "Like many intelligence operations, this one involved exquisite moral ambiguity. The British used ruthless methods to achieve their goals; by today's peacetime standards, some of the activities may seem outrageous. Yet they were done in the cause of Britain's war against the Nazis - and by pushing America towards intervention, the British spies helped win the war." Would BSC's activities eventually have encouraged the US to join the war in Europe? It remains one of the great "what ifs" of historical speculation. The tide of US public opinion seemed to be turning towards the end of 1941 - though isolationist sentiments remained very strong - and BSC's propaganda and relentless news manipulation deserved much of the credit for that change but, in the event, matters were taken out of BSC's hands. On the morning of Sunday, December 7 1941 the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor - the "day of infamy" had dawned and the question of American neutrality was gone for ever.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: stangrof on May 24, 2011, 01:58:52 pm
War Propaganda, the luftwaffe could hardly reach London and make it back to the coast of France. The germans could not even believe how huge was Russia.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 24, 2011, 02:56:15 pm
Quote
http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=16030&st=new+world+order&st1=#ixzz1NIjcQOCy
Address for Navy and Total Defense Day. October 27, 1941 : Franklin D. Roosevelt: Address for Navy and Total Defense Day.
...
The other day the Secretary of State of the United States was asked by a Senator to justify our giving aid to Russia. His reply was: "The answer to that, Senator, depends on how anxious a person is to stop and to destroy the march of Hitler in his conquest of the world. If he were anxious enough to defeat Hitler, he would not worry about who was helping to defeat him."


(http://www.mygen.com/images/osc00a.jpg)
Secretary of State Cordell Hull and Sumner Welles (http://www.gutenberg-e.org/osc01/images/osc00a.html)

The SecofState was Cordell Hull who authored the federal income tax laws of 1913 and 1916 and the inheritance tax of 1916.

How can we get a UN? a New World Order?? We need ANOTHER WORLD WAR...

http://www.missionislam.com/nwo/illuminati.htm
"The planning of UN can be traced to the 'secret steering committee' established by Secretary [of State Cordell] Hull in January 1943. All of the members of this secret committee, with the exception of Hull, a Tennessee politician, were members of the Council on Foreign Relations. They saw Hull regularly to plan, select, and guide the labors of the [State] Department's Advisory Committee. It was, in effect, the coordinating agency for all the State Department's postwar planning."

Professors Laurence H. Shoup and William Minter, writing in their study of the CFR, "Imperial Brain Trust: The CFR and United States Foreign Policy." (Monthly Review Press, 1977).

http://www.conspiracyarchive.com/NWO/Council_Foreign_Relations.htm
...
The original concept for the UN was the outcome of the Informal Agenda Group, formed in 1943 by Secretary of State Cordell Hull.  All except Hull were CFR members, and Isaiah Bowman, a founding member of the CFR, originated the idea.

http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/global_tyranny/global_tyranny03.htm
...
In January 1943, Secretary of State Cordell Hull formed a steering committee composed of himself, Leo Pasvolsky, Isaiah Bowman, Sumner Welles, Norman Davis, and Morton Taylor. All of these men - with the exception of Hull - were in the CFR.

(http://www.mygen.com/images/260px_Hull_Nomura_and_Kurusu_on_7_December_1941.jpg)

Japanese Ambassador Admiral Kichisaburō Nomura (left) and Special Envoy Saburō Kurusu (right) meet Hull for the last time on 17 November 1941, two weeks before the attack on Pearl Harbor (7 December 1941).

http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=16030&st=new+world+order&st1=#ixzz1NIjcQOCy
Address for Navy and Total Defense Day. October 27, 1941 : Franklin D. Roosevelt: Address for Navy and Total Defense Day.
...
The other day the Secretary of State of the United States was asked by a Senator to justify our giving aid to Russia. His reply was: "The answer to that, Senator, depends on how anxious a person is to stop and to destroy the march of Hitler in his conquest of the world. If he were anxious enough to defeat Hitler, he would not worry about who was helping to defeat him."

So who was The SOS SecState? - Cordell Hull:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cordell_Hull

Cordell Hull (October 2, 1871 – July 23, 1955) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Tennessee. He is best-known as the longest-serving Secretary of State, holding the position for 11 years (1933–1944) in the administration of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt during much of World War II.

Hull received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1945 for his role in establishing the United Nations, and was referred to by President Roosevelt as the "Father of the United Nations".

Why you should vote for Democrat's (or anybody for that matter)

Hull served 11 terms in the United States House of Representatives (1907–1921 and 1923–1931) and authored the federal income tax laws of 1913 and 1916 and the inheritance tax of 1916.

After an electoral defeat in 1920, Hull served as chairman of the Democratic National Committee.
...

In 1939, Hull advised President Roosevelt to reject the SS St. Louis carrying 936 Jews seeking asylum. Hull's decision sent these people back to Europe on the heels of the Nazi Holocaust.
...
Hull became the underlying force and architect in the creation of the United Nations, drafting, along with his staff, the United Nations Charter in mid-1943. He resigned as Secretary of State in November 1944 because of failing health.

Hull resigned as Secretary of State in November 1944 because of failing health.

Roosevelt described Hull, upon his departure as "the one person in all the world who has done his most to make this great plan for peace (the United Nations) an effective fact".

In 1945 Cordell Hull was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for "co-initiating the United Nations".

Hull died after suffering several strokes and heart attacks in 1955 in Washington, D.C., and is buried in the vault of the Chapel of St. Joseph of Arimathea in the Washington National Cathedral, which is an Episcopal church.

http://www.barefootsworld.net/fs_m_ch_08.html
Secrets of the Federal Reserve - by Eustace Mullins

The Rothschilds were wary of Germany’s ability to continue in the war, despite the financial chaos caused by their agents, the Warburgs, who were financing the Kaiser, and Paul Warburg’s brother, Max, who, as head of the German Secret Service, authorized Lenin’s train to pass through the lines and execute the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia. According to Under Secretary of the Navy, Franklin D. Roosevelt, America’s heavy industry had been preparing for war for a year. Both the Army and Navy Departments had been purchasing war supplies in large amounts since early in 1916.

Cordell Hull remarks in his Memoirs:

"The conflict forced the further development of the income-tax principle. Aiming, as it did, at the one great untaxed source of revenue, the income-tax law had been enacted in the nick of time to meet the demands of the war. And the conflict also assisted the putting into effect of the Federal Reserve System, likewise in the nick of time."70

One may ask, in the nick of time for whom? Certainly not for the American people, who had no need for "mobilization of credit" for a European war, or to enact an income tax to finance a war. Hull’s statement affords a rare glimpse into the machinations of our "public servants".
...

See also: Origins of RAND - Tuxedo Park - Alfred Lee Loomis   (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=161458.0)

Mao was a Yale Man - Yali and the Skull and Bones  (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=154829)
quote author=TahoeBlue link=topic=154829.msg920461#msg920461 date=1263158247]

Quote
Yet Stilwell only reflected orders from Washington, from General George C. Marshall. And as Admiral Cooke stated to Congress,
"... in 1946 General Marshall used the tactics of stoppage of ammunition to invisibly disarm the Chinese forces. [3]

But when we get to General Marshall we need to remember that in the U.S. the civilian branch has final authority in matters military and that gets us to then Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, Marshall's superior and a member of The Order (1888).
By an amazing coincidence, Stimson was also Secretary of War in 1911 -- at the time of the Sun Yat Sen revolution.

Henry L. Stimson - NYT OBIT:
http://www.nytimes.com/learning/general/onthisday/bday/0921.html
Henry L. Stimson Dies at 83 In His Home on Long Island
Special to THE NEW YORK TIMES
HUNTINGTON, L.I., Oct. 20-- October 21, 1950

Henry L. Stimson, former Secretary of War, died here at 4 P. M. today in his home, Highhold, West Hills. He had celebrated his eighty-third birthday on Sept. 21.
...
As President Truman's senior adviser on military use of atomic energy, Henry L. Stimson made the deciding recommendation to drop the first atomic bomb, one of the most significant events in the history of mankind.
...
Attracted Elihu Root
It was Mr. Stimson's great good fortune as a young man of solid social background and education at Yale and Harvard to attract the attention of Elihu Root, then near the zenith of his long and influential career as a conservative Republican statesman and lawyer.
...
Young Henry was sent to Phillips Andover Academy, where, he recalled in later life, the students enjoyed "perfect freedom, tempered by expulsion."   [Andover Academy had a Pre-S&B society]

Mr. Stimson entered Yale in 1884 and spent the summer of his freshman year roughing it in the wilds of Canada. He was elected near the end of his junior year to Skull and Bones, oldest of the senior societies. He was graduated in 1888. After two years at Harvard Law School he was admitted to the bar in New York in 1891. By the end of 1905, as a member of Senator Root's law firm, he was making some $20,000 a year, and in January, 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt appointed him United States Attorney for the Southern District of New York, his first public post. The salary was half what he had been making in private practice.
...
When a vacancy occurred in the post of Secretary of War, President Taft took thought to the political needs of the Republican party in this state and appointed Mr. Stimson, probably on the recommendation of Mr. Root who, as Secretary of War in the Cabinets of McKinley and Roosevelt, had taken the far-reaching step of forming the Army's first General Staff.

When Mr. Stimson took office on May 22, 1911, the United States Army consisted of some 4,300 officers and 70,250 enlisted men, most of them distributed among obsolete military posts. Major Gen. Leonard Wood was Chief of Staff when Mr. Stimson became Secretary of War, and with Wood's aid the new Secretary was able to effect a new and more-efficient regrouping of the nation's tiny forces. But the nation was almost completely uninterested in army matters, and Mr. Stimson's post was easily the most unimportant in the Cabinet.

The outbreak of the first World War in 1914 found the United States Army almost completely unprepared, much to Mr. Stimson's regret. [ Really? you really think so?]
...
Secretary of State in '31
Mr. Stimson was Secretary of State during the 1931 Manchurian crisis [always there for a crisis], which with the Ethiopian crisis of 1936 and the Munich appeasement of 1938, constituted the major retreats made by the Western powers before the nationalistic aggression that led to the second World War. President Hoover, who himself had considerable personal knowledge of Far Eastern affairs, had great confidence in Mr. Stimson's judgment in this field and gave him virtually a free hand. The Manchurian storm broke almost without warning.

On Sept. 17, 1931, Mr. Stimson received Katsuji Dubuchi, Japanese Ambassador, and both agreed that tensions in the Far East seemed to be relieved and that Japanese-American relations were much improved. Two days later Japanese troops occupied the Manchurian arsenal city of Mukden and other points in south Manchuria, territory claimed by China.
...
The beginning of the second World War in 1939 found the War Department split by a feud between Secretary of War Harry H. Woodring and Assistant Secretary Louis Johnson. In a typically Rooseveltian stroke of political daring, the President decided to invite Mr. Stimson to accept the War post which the harassed Secretary Woodring finally vacated. It was formally offered in a telephone call from President Roosevelt on June 19, 1940. At the same time another Republican, Frank Knox of Chicago, was invited to become Secretary of the Navy, and accepted.

Mr. Stimson was 73 years old when he accepted the colossal task of carrying forward his country's preparation for taking part in a war from which it was almost certain that it could not keep free.[ Just in time AGAIN for Pearl Harbor!!!] He was remembered for the failure of his Manchurian policy, and his advanced years caused it to be said openly in Washington that he would collapse under the strain.

With an energy that would have been astonishing in a man twenty years younger, Secretary Stimson grappled with the task of making the ground and army air forces ready for almost certain war service. When he had been Secretary of War in 1911, there had been almost endless time to prepare for war, but no money. Now there was almost inexhaustible money and no time.

United States Attacked by Japan
The Japanese attacked us on Dec. 7, 1941, and then and later, Mr. Stimson became involved in the controversy over who was to blame for the fact that the American land and sea forces were surprised at Pearl Harbor. Secretary Stimson maintained that Lieut. Gen. Walter Short, commanding in Hawaii, had been adequately warned before the attack. Another and very tenacious school of thought held that the warning had not been sufficiently explicit.
...
In the fall of 1941 President Roosevelt named Secretary Stimson to a committee to advise on nuclear fission policy [Before Pearl Harbor!] , and from May 1, 1943, until he resigned as Secretary of War, Mr. Stimson was the President's senior adviser on the military employment of atomic energy.
...
Secretary Stimson selected four targets, two of which were subjected to the atomic bomb attack--Hiroshima on Aug. 6, 1945, and Nagasaki three days later. Both attacks caused great loss of life among civilians as well as among members of the Japanese armed forces and also vast property damage.

When the armies that he had helped to raise were victorious in Europe and Japan in the greatest conflict of all time, Mr. Stimson resigned as Secretary of War on Sept. 21, 1945 [Mission completed!] , and retired to Highhold, his Long Island estate, which he had occupied since 1903.

http://www.atomicarchive.com/History/mp/p3s2.shtml
(http://www.japanfocus.org/data/Photo_1.jpg)Stimson had the Bomb (http://www.japanfocus.org/-Sean-Malloy/3114)
Part III: The Manhattan Engineer District
... Bush, with the help and authority of Secretary of War Henry L. Stimson, setup the Military Policy Committee, including one representative each from the Army, the Navy, and the Office of Scientific Research and Development [/quote]

http://tech.dir.groups.yahoo.com/group/prepare4contact/message/38745

"Cordell Hull saw Aliens in Glass Containers"

William E. Jones writes, "I thought your readers should be aware of the Cordell Hull story that alien artifacts were in our hands in 1939." In early December of 1999 the Center of UFO Studies received a letter from the daughter of the Reverend Turner Hamilton Holt: "Today I want to share some knowledge that has been, by request, kept secret in our family since sometime in World War II. This concerns something my father was shown by his cousin Cordell Hull, the Secretary of State under Franklin Roosevelt. Snip, my father, who was young, brilliant, and sound of mind, told us this story because he didn't want the information to be lost.

One day when my father was in D.C,. Cordell swore him to secrecy and took him to a sub-basement in the U.S. Capitol building, and showed him an amazing sight:
(1) Four large glass jars holding 4 creatures unknown to my father or Cordell [and], (2) A wrecked round craft of some kind nearby.

"My father wanted my sister and I to make this information known long after he and Cordell were dead, because he felt it was a very important bit of information. We have researched your group {Mufon} and feel it is the most reliable group in the country. We hope that you will research and search this information. The jars with creatures in formaldehyde and the wrecked craft are some where! "Cordell said they were afraid they would start a panic if the public found out about it." Sincerely, Lucile Andrew, Ashland, Ohio.

"Cordell Hull was one of the greatest statesmen of the 20th Century with absolutely no apparent reason to tell this story unless it was true, especially at a time when stories of flying saucers and their Alien drivers had not yet become part of our culture. Hull was elected U.S. Senator 1931-1937, as chairman of the Democratic National Committee, and became the Secretary of State under President Franklin D. Roosevelt in March 1933, the longest in American history until 1944, when he resigned because of ill health. He was also offered the Vice Presidency and in 1945, Cordell Hull won the 1945 Nobel Prize for Peace.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 25, 2011, 11:39:53 am
Notice that the steering commitee for the formation of the UN were the same men from the CFR War and Peace studies group...
AND include the President and Vice President of the CFR , the sister group of  - Chatham House - The Royal Institute of International Affairs.
http://www.sweetliberty.org/issues/shadow/cfrintro.htm

Notice that WWI with millions dead (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wwi), formation of the Federal Reserve (1913), (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_reserve) Implementation of the Income Tax (1916) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Income_tax_in_the_United_States) was not enough for them,
With U.S. rejection of the League of Nations (1919),  (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/League_of_Nations) The last piece of the puzzle was incomplete. They make the Balfour agreement (1917) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balfour_Declaration_of_1917) and the Royal Institute (1920) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chatham_House) and the CFR (1921 (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Council_on_foreign_relations)) and begin making plans for the NEXT BIG WAR....


There would be a New World Order, Who would control it?

Quote
http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/sociopolitica/global_tyranny/global_tyranny03.htm
...
In January 1943, Secretary of State Cordell Hull formed a steering committee [for the formation of the United Nations] composed of himself, Leo Pasvolsky, Isaiah Bowman, Sumner Welles, Norman Davis, and Morton Taylor. All of these men - with the exception of Hull - were in the CFR. ... Isaiah Bowman, a founding member of the CFR


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sumner_Welles
Benjamin Sumner Welles (October 14, 1892 - September 24, 1961) was an American government official and diplomat in the Foreign Service. He was a major foreign policy adviser to President Franklin D. Roosevelt and served as Under Secretary of State from 1937 to 1943, during FDR's presidency
...
In the week following Kristallnacht, in November 1938, the British government stated that it would be willing to give up the major part of the quota of 65,000 British citizens that could emigrate to the United States and have Jews fleeing Hitler receive this instead. To this Under-Secretary Welles responded:[24]

I reminded the Ambassador that the President stated there was no intention on the part of his government to increase the quota for German nationals. I added that it was my strong impression that the responsible leaders among American Jews would be the first to urge that no change in the present quota for German Jews be made...The influential Sam Rosenman, one of the "responsible" Jewish leaders sent Roosevelt a memorandum telling him that an 'increase of quotas is wholly inadvisable. It will merely produce a 'Jewish problem' in the countries increasing the quota.'
...
Historians credit Welles with the for design of the United Nations.

FDR made Welles the key person and Welles had "a dominance over UN planning" that was "starting to embitter Hull

[ Keep in mind that one of the first actions of the Newly formed United Nations was the creation of Israel... ]
...
In 1944, Welles lent his name to a fund-raising campaign by the United Jewish Appeal to bring Jewish refugees from the Balkans to Palestine
...
In 1945, he joined the American Broadcasting Company to guide the organization of the "Sumner Welles Peace Forum," a series of 4 radio broadcasts providing expert commentary on the San Francisco Conference, which wrote the founding document of the United Nations
...
In 1948, Welles authored We Need Not Fail, a short book that first presented a history and evaluated the competing claims to Palestine. He argued that American policy should insist on the fulfillment of the 1947 promise of the United Nations General Assembly to establish two independent states within an economic union, policed by a United Nations force
...
Later that year, the American Jewish Congress presented Welles with a citation that praised his "courageous championing of the cause of Israel among the nations of the world."[51]

Welles was a member of the American branch of the Institute of Pacific Relations, an organization that fostered the study of the Far East and the Pacific. Senator Joseph McCarthy repeatedly charged that it was a [Rockefeller] Communist front.

The IPR was investigated by the Senate in 1951 -

The Sorge Spy Ring
Mr. Morris. General, approximately how many members were there in that ring ?


General Willoughby. Fifteen to twenty. While the personnel of this ring varied from time to time, this skillful bank of spies — agents, if you wish — worked for nine productive years before their discovery. The famous Canadian spy case was one of the best examples of this type of espionage. I believe, however, that the Sorge efforts in Tokyo compare most favorably with this famous case.

Senator Ferguson. How many nationalities were in this ring?
Sorge was a German ?
General Willoughby. Yes.
Senator Ferguson. Guenther Stein was British?
General Willoughby. British citizen of German origin.
Senator Ferguson. Smedley was an American ?
General Willoughby. Was an American.
   (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=144089.msg878832#msg878832)

(http://www.asu.edu/lib/archives/Smedley/2E-ACC_93-1116-Mao.jpg)Agnes Smedley(far right) with her friends Mao Tsetung(left) and general Chu Teh in Yenan guerilla base. 1937

OSS recruits IPR members : Internationalizing the Pacific: the United States, Japan, and the IPR ... By Tomoko Akami (http://books.google.com/books?id=3TdWo7-OmGoC&pg=PA253&lpg=PA253&dq=Sumner+Welles+%22Institute+of+Pacific+Relations%22+IPR&source=bl&ots=V9fLnWGXS6&sig=mEvstpzcKb_JgNyIIPe08Rqq8F0&hl=en#v=onepage&q=Sumner%20Welles%20%22Institute%20of%20Pacific%20Relations%22%20IPR&f=false)

http://conservapedia.com/Alger_Hiss
Alger Hiss

Alger Hiss (November 11, 1904 – November 15, 1996) was a high-ranking[1] U.S. State Department official and Secretary-General[2] of the founding conference of the United Nations. Hiss was convicted of perjury in 1950, after denying involvement in Soviet espionage. For decades, a great number of Americans saw Hiss, a liberal[3] Democrat,[4] as an innocent victim of McCarthyism.[5]

"Hiss was indeed a Soviet agent and appears to have been regarded by Moscow as its most important," wrote Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan (D.-N.Y.), who was instrumental in the declassification of Venona decrypts and FBI files on the case,[6] which had been classified for half a century. "Parts of the American government had conclusive evidence of his guilt," concluded the liberal Democrat[7] in 1998, "but they never told."[8] ...
...
Hiss became president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, serving also as a trustee of the closely-related[330] Institute of Pacific Relations,[331] which would later be identified by the Senate Judiciary Committee as "a vehicle used by the Communists to orientate American far eastern policies toward Communist objectives."[332]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kristallnacht
Kristallnacht, also to referred to as the Night of Broken Glass, and also Reichskristallnacht, Pogromnacht, and Novemberpogrome, was a pogrom or series of attacks against Jews throughout Nazi Germany and parts of Austria on November 9–10, 1938.
...

Ninety-one Jews were killed, and 30,000 Jewish men—a quarter of all Jewish men in Germany—were taken to concentration camps, where they were tortured for months, with over 1,000 of them dying.[2] Around 1,668 synagogues were ransacked, and 267 set on fire. In Vienna alone 95 synagogues or houses of prayer were destroyed

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_and_Peace_Studies
War and Peace Studies was a project carried out by the Council on Foreign Relations between 1939 and 1945 before and during American involvement in World War II. It was intended to advise the U.S. Government on conduct in the war and the subsequent peace.

The project was divided into four major areas: economic and financial, security and armaments, territorial, and political. Over 100 men took part. Funding was provided by the Rockefeller Foundation, which provided almost $350,000 over the course of the project. A steering committee was created in December 1939 chaired by U.S diplomat Norman Davis with Foreign Affairs editor Hamilton Fish Armstrong as vice-chairman. Initial area heads were:[1]

Alvin Hansen and Jacob Viner led the economic and financial group
Whitney Shepardson, who led the political group
Allen Welsh Dulles and Hanson W. Baldwin, who led the armaments group, and
Isaiah Bowman, who led the territorial group.
A research secretary was appointed to each group:

William Diebold, for the economic and financial group
Walter R. Sharp, for the political group, and
Grayson L. Kirk, for the armaments group
William P. Maddox, for the territorial group

From March 1942, the project supplied research secretaries to the State Department's Advisory Committee on Postwar Foreign Policy, with each group's secretary serving the corresponding subcommittee at the State Department. Meetings were scheduled to allow secretaries to carry out Council work during the first half of each week with the remainder of the week spent at the Department of State.[2]

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Norman_Davis
Norman H. Davis (1878–1944), was a U.S. diplomat. He was born in Bedford, Tennessee. He served as President Wilson's Assistant Secretary of Treasury and later as Undersecretary of State.

Davis headed commission of the League of Nations that negotiated the Klaipėda Convention in 1924. He was a delegate to a General Disarmament Conference in Geneva in 1931. He was chairman of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies from 1938 to 1944 and president of the Council on Foreign Relations 1936–1944.

In 1939, following the outbreak of war in Europe, Davis chaired the steering committee of the Council on Foreign Relations' War and Peace Studies project, created to advise the U.S. Government on wartime policy. He would also join the State Department's committee on overseas war measures, the fifteen-member Advisory Committee on Problems of Foreign Relations.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isaiah_Bowman
Isaiah Bowman, AB, Ph. D. (26 December 1878, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada – 6 January 1950, Baltimore, United States) was an American geographer. He was educated at Harvard and Yale where he taught from 1905 to 1915, after which time he became the director of the American Geographical Society, a position he held for 20 years from 1915 to 1935
...
served the Department of State as territorial adviser during World War II
...
Before and during World War II he served on the Council of Foreign Relation's War and Peace Studies as chairman of its territorial group.[1] From 1945 to 1949 he was a CFR vice-president

We really don't know what this guy did (to deserve all the awards):

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hamilton_Fish_Armstrong
Hamilton Fish Armstrong (April 7, 1893 – April 24, 1973) was a United States diplomat and editor
...
After 1922, he worked at Foreign Affairs, the review of Council on Foreign Relations, as adjoint of Archibald Cary Coolidge. After his death in 1928, he became the editor of the magazine. Armstrong retired from Foreign Affairs in 1972,

Hamilton Fish Armstrong was awarded by Serbia, Romania, Czechoslovakia, France and United Kingdom:

Order of the Serbian Red Cross (1918)
Order of St. Sava Fifth Class (1918)
Chevalier of Order of the White Eagle with Swords (1919)
Order of the Crown (Rumania) in 1924
Order of the White Lion of Czechoslovakia in 1937
Officer of the Legion of Honor of France (1937) and became a commander in 1947
Commander of the British Empire in 1972
He received honorary degrees from Brown (1942), Yale (1957), the University of Basel (1960), Princeton (1961), Columbia (1963), and Harvard (1963).

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foreign_Affairs

Foreign Affairs is an American magazine and website on international relations and U.S. foreign policy published since 1922 by the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) six times annually. The CFR is a private-sector group established in New York City in 1921, with the mission of promoting understanding of foreign policy and America’s role in the world.

The Council on Foreign Relations was originally composed of 75 members of mainly academic and professional backgrounds. In its first year, the Council sought discourse mainly in meetings at its headquarters in New York City. However, the members of the Council wished to seek a wider audience, and, as a result, began publishing Foreign Affairs in 1922


Related:

OSS recruits IPR members : Internationalizing the Pacific: the United States, Japan, and the IPR ... By Tomoko Akami - "The American World Order" (http://books.google.com/books?id=3TdWo7-OmGoC&pg=PA253&lpg=PA253&dq=Sumner+Welles+%22Institute+of+Pacific+Relations%22+IPR&source=bl&ots=V9fLnWGXS6&sig=mEvstpzcKb_JgNyIIPe08Rqq8F0&hl=en#v=onepage&q=Sumner%20Welles%20%22Institute%20of%20Pacific%20Relations%22%20IPR&f=false)

"The OSS also recruited IPR members...."

Many interesting facts....  considering Sumner Welles was a member of the Institute of Pacific Relations,

(http://publishing.cdlib.org/ucpressebooks/data/13030/5t/ft296nb15t/figures/ft296nb15t_00004.jpg)Owen Lattimore with Chiang Kai-shek in Chongqing in 1941 (http://leeds.wreac.org/about)   

http://www.conservapedia.com/Owen_Lattimore
Owen Lattimore was U.S. political advisor to Chiang Kai-shek in 1941; after Pearl Harbor he became director of Pacific Operations for the United States Office of War Information.[1] According a unanimous report of the Senate Judiciary Committee, he was also "from some time beginning in the 1930's, a conscious articulate instrument of the Soviet conspiracy."[
...

During the Nazi-Soviet pact, Lattimore was added to Roosevelt's Custodial Detention Index,[14] listed as "Nationalistic tendency—Communist."[15] Later the same year President Franklin Roosevelt appointed Lattimore U.S. adviser to Kuomintang Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek on the surreptitious and out-of-process recommendation of Lattimore's personal friend and patron at the White House,[16] Roosevelt adviser and NKVD agent Lauchlin Currie.[17] While serving in this capacity, according to Chinese military intelligence, Lattimore was sending coded messages to the Communist Chinese rebels.[18]

On November 25, 1941, twelve days before Pearl Harbor, Lattimore dispatched an anxious cable to Currie in the White House arguing against a proposed diplomatic understanding between the United States and Japan. When Congress later investigated the Pearl Harbor attack, U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull testified that he took a tough line with the Japanese because of this cable from Lattimore to Currie reporting on Chinese morale in the Kuomintang. This cable was the only documentary evidence Hull presented which influenced his decision to reverse himself and send the ultimatum to Japan.

Related to this is Lauchlin Currie Assistant to FDR and Soviet Spy who recommended Lattimore for his job....

http://www.conservapedia.com/Lauchlin_Currie
Lauchlin Bernard Currie (8 October 1902 - 23 December 1993) was Administrative Assistant to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and a Soviet spy.
...
Currie became Administrative Assistant to President Franklin Roosevelt in July of 1939[1], and was empowered to coordinate "the work of the various departments in their relations to the Executive." [2]

Whittaker Chambers, a former affiliate of the Soviet Secret Intelligence Service in Washington, D. C., for the purpose of developing a government underground, stated that Lauchlin Currie was a 'fellow Traveler' who helped various Communists. This statement was made to a representative of the State Department when Chambers was questioned relative to individuals in the Government who were allegedly active in behalf of the Communist Party and the Soviet Union.
...
Soviet archives likewise identify Currie as a Soviet intelligence source. In 1948, Anatoly Gorsky identified Currie in the "Gorsky memo"as the Soviet agent code-named "PAZh/Page,"[10] who is recorded in Venona giving information to Akhmerov and "handing over documents" to Silvermaster.
...
In the early part of 1941, Currie was sent to be Head of the Economic Mission to China as personal envoy of the President to confer with Chiang Kai-shek and other leading executives of the Kuomintang. Currie studied Chinese arsenals, military training schools, and industrial cooperatives while in China.
...

Amerasia scandal
Currie was listed as one of the individuals who attended the Institute of Pacific Relations Conference held at Mont Tremblant, Canada, from December 5 to 19, 1942. In the early part of September 1943, Currie was appointed as Acting Deputy Administrator and he remained until the early part of 1945. He then resumed his former White House duties.

It was Currie who recommended Owen Lattimore to President Roosevelt to serve as a special advisor to Jiang Jieshi(Chiang Kai-shek). [18]

http://www.documentstalk.com/wp/currie-lauchlin-bernard-1902-1993
(http://www.mygen.com/images/CURRIE_M_mr-Chiang-Kai_shek_Fev-1941_LIFE-300x232.jpg)
Currie with Madame Chiang Kai Shek

Currie was a top-level adviser in President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s New Deal and served as FDR’s economic adviser in the White House from 1939-1945. From 1949 until his death in 1993, he was a top-level development economist in Latin America.
...

In 1944-1945, he took part in loan negotiations with the United States’ British and Soviet allies, as well as in preparations for the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference at Bretton Woods, New Hampshire (July 1-22, 1944), which led to the creation of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund.
...
Currie was hired by the World Bank in 1949 despite earlier allegations of Soviet espionage made by two defectors from the Communist cause – Elizabeth Bentley and Whittaker Chambers. Bentley claimed that Currie, whom she had never seen, had been part of an espionage ring headed by Nathan Gregory Silvermaster.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 25, 2011, 09:55:47 pm
Spies and more spies...
Quote
[ Currie - The Rothschild/Soviet Spy ] In the early part of 1941, Currie was sent to be Head of the Economic Mission to China as personal envoy of the President to confer with Chiang Kai-shek and other leading executives of the Kuomintang. Currie studied Chinese arsenals, military training schools, and industrial cooperatives while in China.


(http://www.mygen.com/images/FlyingTigersLogo.a.jpg)

http://flyingtigersus.wordpress.com/
Like Lauchlin Currie at the White House, Bill Pawley was central to the creation and management of the American Volunteer Group, but was so hated by Chennault that he never got full credit for his role. This is a first cut at a Pawley biography, with emphasis on its intersection with the Flying Tigers story.

(http://flyingtigersus.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/camcogroup1.jpg)
CAMCO personnel at Loiwing, China, probably at the factory opening in 1939. Bill Pawley is standing in back, second from left. Ed Pawley is third from right, and Gene Pawley may be the man in the center of the photo; all three are wearing white shirt and tie. (Hat tip: Eugenie Buchan)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_D._Pawley
...
1932 - He then became president of Intercontinent Corporation in New York, evidently founded by Clement Keys, the former president of Curtiss.

In 1933 he moved to China where he became president of China National Aviation Corporation an airline running between Hong Kong and Shanghai. Pawley finally sold out to Pan Am again.

He later assembled aircraft in partnership with the Chinese Nationalist government under the corporate name of Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company in Hangzhou, Wuhan, and finally Loiwing on the China-Burma border. (CAMCO was owned in partnership with the Chinese government, with the Pawley family interest represented by Intercontinent, which now served as a Pawley family holding company.)

In 1941, with his brothers Edward and Eugene, he was involved with the organization and support of the 1st American Volunteer Group, popularly known as the Flying Tigers. The brothers established an assembly plant at Mingaladon airport outside Rangoon, Burma, where the AVG's Curtiss P-40 fighter aircraft were assembled, while an Intercontinent office in Rangoon (now Yangon) provided payroll and other housekeeping services to the group while it trained upcountry at Toungoo. Later, when Allied forces were driven out of lower Burma by the Japanese, the CAMCO factory and airfield across the border in Loiwing, China, served as a base for the AVG. When Loiwing in turn was captured by Japan in May 1942, Pawley moved his operation to India as a partner in Hindustan Aircraft Limited.

Pawley was appointed as U.S. Ambassador by Harry Truman to Peru in 1945. He was named U.S. Ambassador to Brazil in 1948.

Postwar, Pawley was an active member of the Republican Party. A close friend of both President Dwight Eisenhower and Central Intelligence Agency director Allen W. Dulles, he took part in a policy that later become known as Executive Action, a plan to remove unfriendly foreign leaders from power.

Pawley played a role Operation PBSUCCESS, a CIA plot to overthrow the Guatemalan government of Jacobo Arbenz in 1954 after Arbenz introduced land reforms and nationalized the United Fruit Company.

Pawley is thought to have served [the CIA] in Peru, Brazil, Panama, Guatemala, Cuba and Nicaragua between 1945 and 1960.

His final residence was in Miami Beach, Florida, where he died of a self-inflicted gunshot wound, in January 1977, because he suffered from a severe case of the very painful disease - shingles.

United States Ambassador to Peru  - 20 July 1945–27 April 1946
United States Ambassador to Brazil - 13 June 1946–26 March 1948

http://williampawley.blogspot.com/
MORE RUTHLESS THAN THE ENEMY: The Dark Diplomacy of Ambassador William Douglas Pawley

David Price Cannon began researching the life of Ambassador William Douglas Pawley over 35 years ago. An aviation pioneer in Cuba and China. Founder of the Flying Tigers. Global entrepreneur. Diplomat in Peru and Brazil.

Advisor to President's Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower and Richard Nixon.

An architect of U.S. covert policy. Coup plotter against governments in Guatemala and Cuba. A CIA covert agent. An organizer of Cuban exiles for the Bay of Pigs Invasion. A critic of President John Fitzgerald Kennedy. A friend of Clare Boothe Luce, CIA Director Allen Dulles, FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover, Senator James Eastland and foreign dictators.

A name high on the witness list for the U.S. House Select Committee on Assassination's hearings at the time Pawley committed suicide.

Although an Ambassador and a friend of Secretary of State George C. Marshall, William D. Pawley despised those in the State Department who believed diplomacy was superior to sabotage and subversion in Russia, Guatemala, Cuba and China. He fed his own paranoia and became its most vocal advocate.
...
Researching Pawley's life took decades because hundreds of documents relating to his covert activities during the 1950s and 60s were classified for three decades. They were finally made available through the combined efforts of the Mary Ferrell Foundation -- http://www.maryferrell.org/ -- which provides online access to more than one million pages of declassified documents.

The majority of them come from the Assassination Archives and Research Center in Washington DC, run by James Lesar: http://www.aarclibrary.org

Many additional details about William Douglas Pawley were found in the Pawley Collection at George C. Marshall Library in Lexington, Virginia: http://www.marshallfoundation.org
...
William Pawley expedites the creation of China National Aviation Corp. He then forms Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company, headquartered at 30 Rockefeller Plaza in New York City, to recruit Claire Chennault and other pilots for The Flying Tigers (American Volunteer Group) which defends Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek’s forces against the invading Japanese.

This brings Pawley into contact with President Franklin D. Roosevelt and Madame Chiang’s brother, T.V. Soong, who finances the Flying Tigers and then emerges from World War II as one of the wealthiest men in the world and a leader of the China Lobby.

Pawley shifts aircraft manufacturing to the safety of India to support the American pilots. He gains major press coverage from newspapers and Time magazine, which leads to his friendship with Henry and Clare Boothe Luce, a woman with similar political opinions and interests. Pawley later states that during this period “I first began to feel a growing alarm at the threat of world communism.”

http://www.jfk-assassination.de/articles/deaths.php

The HSCA Investigation
Just when the House Select Committee on Assassinations was investigating the JFK assassination, more suspicious deaths were coming up:

Date Name Connection with case Cause of Death
1/77 William Pawley* Former Brazilian Ambassador connected to Anti-Castro Cubans, crime figures Gunshot ruled suicide
3/77 George DeMohrenschildt* Close friend to both Oswald and Bouvier family (Jackie Kennedy's parents), CIA contract agent Gunshot wound ruled suicide
3/77 Carlos Prio Soccaras* Former Cuban President, money man for anti-Castro Cubans Gunshot wound ruled suicide
3/77 Paul Raigorodsky Business friend of George DeMohrenschildt and wealthy oilmen Natural causes
5/77 Lou Staples* Dallas radio Talk Show host who told friends he would break assassination case Gunshot to head,ruled suicide
6/77 Louis Nichols Former No. 3 man in FBI, worked on JFK investigation Heart attack
8/77 Alan Belmont FBI official who testified to Warren Commission "Long illness"
8/77 James Cadigan FBI document expert who testified to Warren Commission Fall in home
8/77 Joseph C. Ayres* Chief steward on JFK's Air Force One Shooting accident
8/77 Francis G. Powers* U-2 pilot downed over Russia in 1960 Helicopter crash (He reportedly ran out of fuel)

http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=5068&st=75
...
Pawley was brought in by Tommy Corcoran to head CAMCO, the engineering company that would assemble the crated airplanes to be flown by the AVG pilots.

Since the OSS did not exist at that time, all this was done under the aegis of the intelligence service of the Department of State, supported by the Office of Naval Intelligence which was active on the China coast, and Secretary of War Stimson (who had previously been governor-general of the Philippines and was a friend of Corcoran, Luce, Pawley, United Fruit and Dole Pineapple, and an admirer of Mme. Chiang).

Eventually the AVG got its act together and evolved into the Flying Tigers. When the US declared war on Japan, Chennault was reinstated to the Army Air Corps responsible to General Stilwell. All but a handful of the Flying Tigers refused to re-join the Air Corps and mutinied. The mutiny was kept secret until the late 1970s.

They were disbanded, many returning to America to get on with their lives, others drifting into Chennault’s airlift over the Hump from India to China, during which gold, drugs and diamonds were carried aboard some of the planes. Among those who were eyewitnesses was John D. McDonald, who later became famous as a novelist.

There was a mob of British and American spooks in Chungking and Kunming, where Alsop (given a commission in the US Army) served as Chennault’s mouth-piece to hype the image of the Flying Tigers. The famous name was adopted for all Chennault’s fighter pilots, and was implicit in his choosing the name China Air Transport (CAT) for the OSS subsidized cargo airline Chennault used to smuggle heroin out and weapons into KMT controlled areas. After the Chiangs fled to Taiwan, CAT became Air America.

Who was "Tommy the Cork Corcoran" the original lobbyist and influence peddler ? and notice how he shows up for JFK/LBJ:

(http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51TGVK69MEL.jpg)

http://www.brownalumnimagazine.com/content/view/1773/40/
...
Tommy the Cork's influence continued for decades. He helped cement the connection between a young Lyndon Johnson and the puissant House Speaker Sam Rayburn, both Texas Democrats. And according to Mutual Contempt, the book on Johnson and Bobby Kennedy written by Jeff Shesol '91, The Cork was among those who fixed the unlikely JFK-Johnson ticket in 1960. At the Democratic Convention in Los Angeles that July, Corcoran caught Kennedy alone in an elevator. With the elevator door slamming repeatedly on his foot, The Cork asked the future president for permission to sound out then-Senate majority leader Johnson over the vice presidency.

Kennedy gave him the green light. "Tommy," he said, "you have peculiar abilities." This was just the sort of compliment Corcoran relished. "He liked people to think that he could do the impossible," says Tom Corcoran Jr. "Power - that's what he liked the best."

http://www.smokershistory.com/Corcoran.htm
...
1954 United Fruit Co. coup in Guatemala
"The US, headed by John Peurifoy, the new US Ambassador to Guatemala, and Frank Wisner, the CIA's operations chief on Guatemala, implemented an elaborate plan entitled 'Operation Success' (a name quite indicative of the US feelings toward the mission) that included pirating a radio show that blocked the airways called the 'Voice of Liberation,' Armas attack on villages and trains, US pilots bombing Guatemala City, and Peurifoy demanding Arbenz resignation. All the while, the US claimed to have no intervention in Guatemalan affairs....

Thomas Corcoran (head of UFCO's Washington lobbyists) was old friends with Franklin Roosevelt and William Bedell Smith. Sought an executive job with UFCO while helping plan the coup (he was later named to its board of directors." (US Backed Coup d'Etat in '54 Leads to Military Regime in Guatemala: Thousands Killed, by Al Ferkel. Chart, Connections between UFCo and US Gov't during the US backed coup d'etat.  Moravian University forum. Link dead.)

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JFKcorcoran.htm
...
Corcoran also became involved in advising Franklin D. Roosevelt over foreign policy. Although he had liberal views on domestic issues, Corcoran was passionately anti-communist. This was partly because of his Roman Catholicism. Roosevelt initially favoured giving help to the Republican government in Spain. However, Corcoran was a supporter of the fascist movement led by General Francisco Franco.
...
Corcoran knew that Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini would continue to provide both men and arms to Francisco Franco. Roosevelt's decision enabled fascism to win in Spain and become entrenched in Europe. Roosevelt later told his cabinet that he had made a "grave mistake" with respect to neutrality in the Spanish Civil War.

Roosevelt was angry with Tommy Corcoran over his advice on Spain. He also began to see that Corcoran was becoming a problem for the administration. He had upset a lot of powerful figures in Congress with his arm twisting tactics. Corcoran had also tried to unseat those who attempted to resist Franklin D. Roosevelt. For example, Walter George of Georgia claimed that Corcoran had the "power of saying who shall be a senator and who shall not be a senator."
...
Roosevelt believed that the best way of stopping Japanese imperialism in Asia was to arm the Chinese government of Chiang Kai-shek. However, Congress was opposed to this idea as it was feared that this help might trigger a war with Japan. Therefore, Roosevelt's plan was for Corcoran to establish a private corporation to provide assistance to the nationalist government in China. Roosevelt even supplied the name of the proposed company, China Defense Supplies. He also suggested that his uncle, Frederick Delano, should be co-chairman of the company. Chiang nominated his former finance minister, Tse-ven Soong, as the other co-chairman.

For reasons of secrecy, Corcoran took no title other than outside counsel for China Defense Supplies. William S. Youngman was his frontman in China. Corcoran's friend, Whitey Willauer, was moved to the Foreign Economic Administration, where he supervised the sending of supplies to China. In this way Corcoran was able to create an Asian Lend-Lease program.

Corcoran also worked closely with Claire Lee Chennault, who had been working as a military adviser to Chiang Kai-shek since 1937. Chennault told Corcoran that if he was given the resources, he could maintain an air force within China that could carry out raids against the Japanese. Corcoran returned to the United States and managed to persuade Franklin D. Roosevelt to approve the creation of the American Volunteer Group.


Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 26, 2011, 08:38:12 pm
Quote
Postwar, Pawley was an active member of the Republican Party. A close friend of both President Dwight Eisenhower and Central Intelligence Agency director Allen W. Dulles, he took part in a policy that later become known as Executive Action, a plan to remove unfriendly foreign leaders from power.

Pawley played a role Operation PBSUCCESS, a CIA plot to overthrow the Guatemalan government of Jacobo Arbenz in 1954 after Arbenz introduced land reforms and nationalized the United Fruit Company.

Pawley is thought to have served [the CIA] in Peru, Brazil, Panama, Guatemala, Cuba and Nicaragua between 1945 and 1960.

And More spooks:

This started in Guatemala in 1954 but then spread to other countries in Latin America. Operation 40 was used to assassinate people who got in their way.  (http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=6807)

Operaton 40 - ... Fabian Escalante names William Pawley as being one of those who was lobbying for the CIA to assassinate Fidel Castro. (9) Escalante points out that Pawley had played a similar role in the CIA overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz Guzmán in Guatemala.

Interestingly, the CIA assembled virtually the same team that was involved in the removal of Arbenz: Tracey Barnes, Richard Bissell, David Morales, David Atlee Phillips, E. Howard Hunt, Rip Robertson and Henry Hecksher. Added to this list was several agents who had been involved in undercover operations in Germany: Ted Shackley, Tom Clines and William Harvey.  (http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JFKoperation40.htm)

(http://media3.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/photo/2011/01/26/PH2011012607253.jpg)
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2011/01/26/AR2011012606742.html
Nestor D. Sanchez, 83; CIA official led Latin American division
By T. Rees Shapiro
Washington Post Staff Writer
Wednesday, January 26, 2011; 11:27 PM

Nestor D. Sanchez, 83, a retired CIA officer and Defense Department official whose early intelligence career involved clandestine operations in Latin America, died of congestive heart failure Jan. 18 at his home in Buckeystown, Md.

Mr. Sanchez retired from the CIA in 1981 after three decades of service. Most of his time at the agency involved top-secret covert actions, including bloody 1954 coups in Guatemala and a 1960s plot to assassinate Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Mr. Sanchez was also closely connected to former Panamanian dictator Manuel Noriega, a onetime CIA paid informant.

In his later career, Mr. Sanchez was a deputy assistant secretary of defense for Latin American affairs during the Reagan administration. He specialized in providing Central American countries with U.S. military aid and funding.

At the time of his retirement, Mr. Sanchez was said by federal investigators to have been linked to illegal U.S. arms deals to the so-called "contras," anti-Sandinista rebels who were fighting the left-wing government in Nicaragua.

In the ensuing scandal, which came to be known as the Iran-Contra affair, Mr. Sanchez said that he was aware of the arms shipments but that he didn't know their origin. He was never accused of wrongdoing.

Mr. Sanchez joined the CIA in 1952. His first assignment for the agency was as a field intelligence officer during the Korean War, where he recruited defectors to infiltrate North Korea.
...
A New Mexico native and fluent Spanish speaker, Mr. Sanchez was sent to Central America to help engineer the 1954 coup against the left-leaning Guatemalan government of Jacobo Arbenz Guzman

Beginning in the early 1960s, Mr. Sanchez sharpened his focus on CIA operations in Cuba.

...on Nov. 22, 1963, Mr. Sanchez gave Cubela a hypodermic syringe filled with poison and camouflaged as a writing pen. But the assassination attempt never took place, and CIA officials later suspected that Cubela was a double agent.

Mr. Sanchez later worked in Venezuela, Guatemala, Colombia and Spain before retiring from the CIA as chief of the Latin American division
.
...
He was 1950 graduate of the New Mexico Military Institute and later received a master's degree in geopolitics from Georgetown University [US Spook U ]
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 28, 2011, 12:00:51 pm
Back to 1940 and the BSC:

(http://www.mygen.com/images/William_Stephenson_BSC.jpg) Sir William Samuel Stephenson

(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/35/Rockefellar_Building_-_NY.jpg/165px-Rockefellar_Building_-_NY.jpg)
BSC was housed on the 35th and 36th floors of the International Building, Rockefeller Center, New York

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Stephenson

Sir William Samuel Stephenson, CC, MC, DFC (January 23, 1897 – January 31, 1989) was a Canadian soldier, airman, businessman, inventor, spymaster, and the senior representative of British intelligence for the entire western hemisphere during World War II.

He is best-known by his wartime intelligence codename Intrepid. Many people consider him to be one of the real-life inspirations for James Bond.[2] Ian Fleming himself once wrote, "James Bond is a highly romanticized version of a true spy. The real thing is ... William Stephenson." [3
...
After World War II began (and over the objections of Sir Stewart Menzies, wartime head of British intelligence) now-Prime Minister Winston Churchill sent Stephenson to the United States on June 21, 1940, to covertly establish and run British Security Coordination (BSC) in New York City, over a year before U.S. entry into the war.

BSC, with headquarters at Room 3603 Rockefeller Center, became an umbrella organization that by war's end represented the British intelligence agencies MI5, MI6 (the Secret Intelligence Service, or SIS), SOE (Special Operations Executive) and PWE (Political Warfare Executive) throughout North America, South America and the Caribbean.[citation needed]

Stephenson's initial directives for BSC were to 1) investigate enemy activities; 2) institute security measures against sabotage to British property; and 3) organize American public opinion in favor of aid to Britain.

Later this was expanded to include "the assurance of American participation in secret activities throughout the world in the closest possible collaboration with the British". Stephenson's official title was British Passport Control Officer. His unofficial mission was to create a secret British intelligence network throughout the western hemisphere, and to operate covertly and broadly on behalf of the British government and the Allies in aid of winning the war.

He also became Churchill's personal representative to U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt.[citation needed]

Stephenson was soon a close adviser to Roosevelt, and suggested that he put Stephenson's good friend William J. "Wild Bill" Donovan in charge of all U.S. intelligence services.

Donovan founded the U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS), which in 1947 would become the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

As senior representative of British intelligence in the western hemisphere, Stephenson was one of the few persons in the hemisphere who were authorized to view raw Ultra transcripts of German Enigma ciphers that had been decrypted at Britain's Bletchley Park facility. He was trusted by Churchill to decide what Ultra information to pass along to various branches of the U.S. and Canadian governments.[citation needed]

Under Stephenson, BSC directly influenced U.S. media (including newspaper columns by Walter Winchell and Drew Pearson), and media in other hemisphere countries, toward pro-British and anti-Axis views.

Once the U.S. had entered the war, in 1941–44 BSC went on to train U.S. propagandists from the United States Office of War Information in Canada.

BSC covert intelligence and propaganda efforts directly affected wartime developments in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Venezuela, Peru, Bolivia, Paraguay, Mexico, the Central American countries, Bermuda, Cuba and Puerto Rico.

http://bookish-hamster.blogspot.com/2009/11/man-called-intrepid.html

A Man Called Intrepid: The Incredible WWII Narrative of the Hero Whose Spy Network and Secret Diplomacy Changed the Course of History
(http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_lhZWx8LAUZA/ScEr8TZ0GhI/AAAAAAAAAL8/JbcscOGGSrQ/s200/Man%2BCalled%2BIntrepid.jpg) (http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51i72adnRXL._SL500_AA300_.jpg)

http://www.amazon.com/Man-Called-Intrepid-Incredible-Narrative/dp/159921170X/ref=sr_1_fkmr2_3?ie=UTF8&qid=1306607480&sr=8-3-fkmr2

This fascinating book describes the birth and early years of Allied secret operations during World War 2.  The narrative centers around one man, William Stephenson (or INTREPID if you prefer his codename), a Canadian man of many (and considerable) talents who held the ear of both Churchill and Roosevelt.  
...
There was the story of the "famed Hungarian astrologer" who toured the world predicting Hitler's doom but was actually a hired hand of the BSC and OSS.  Documents were forged on typewriters that were constructed to have flaws identical to those seen in stolen papers originating from particular Nazi offices.  The list goes on and on...

http://education.davidspencer.ca/wiki/William_Stephenson
...
William Stephenson, "The Quiet Canadian," became the model for "M" in Ian Fleming's James Bond series of espionage books and Hollywood movies. He was a World War I pilot decorated for shooting down 20 enemy aircraft, inventor of the wirephoto transmitter - forerunner of the fax machines - coordinator of British and American spy intelligence during World War II.
...
Born at Point Douglas, near Winnipeg, in 1896 and educated in that city, he became a commissioned officer in the Royal Canadian Engineers during the War of 1914-18, was gassed in the trench warfare of France, and earned the Military Cross for bravery. That might have been war career enough, but young Stephenson went on into the Royal Flying Corps.

As a fighter pilot, he shot down 20 German planes, winning the Distinguished Flying Cross and the French Croix de Guerre for his exploits. Forced to bale out over enemy lines, he was taken and held prisoner till war’s end. Once more, no dull life. It was at least quieter back in Canada afterward at the University of Manitoba, yet there he invented the wire photo and then his radio method of transmitting pictures without telephone or telegraph wires which he took to England in 1921 to develop and sell for newspaper use. Success came in 1924 when the first radio-transmitted photograph appeared in the London Daily Mail, thanks to equipment invented by Stephenson.
...
Now well established in business in Britain, he acquired links with firms such as Aero Engines Ltd., General Aircraft, and Pressed Steels Co., while keeping up his interests in radio and film. In brief, he grew wealthy and influential, and gained ready access to inner political circles in London. And while travelling across Europe for his business purposes, he keenly observed German preparations for war during the 1930s and reported his findings to the British government.
...
his reports were taken seriously by that government as the war of 1939-45 approached. It was not surprising, therefore, that in 1940 Britain’s new prime minister, Winston Churchill, chose Stephenson to direct British Security Co-ordination in the Western Hemisphere, Britain’s overseas counterspy organization, headquartered in New York.
...
He got on well with his American counterparts in dealing with joint security matters, especially after the United States declared war on Germany and Japan late in 1941.

In his charge, the B.S.C. office monitored transatlantic mails and broke enemy letter codes (passing on to the Americans relevant information that resulted in the exposure of enemy spy activities in the United States), helped protect against dangers of sabotage American factories producing munitions for the war, and, as well, set up “Camp X” near Oshawa, Ontario, to train Allied agents for re-entry into German-held Europe. All these endeavours, and more, were widely effective, with much of the credit owed to Stephenson

He's got his own society:

http://www.intrepid-society.org/intrepid04.htm
(http://www.intrepid-society.org/intrepid15.jpg) (http://www.intrepid-society.org/intrepid11.jpg)
...

In London, Stephenson re-established contact with William Gladstone Murray, a Canadian former fighter pilot who became Director of the Public Relations for the BBC. To make radio more popular, accessible and successful, they agreed that there was a need for reliable, reasonably priced receivers suitable for home use by people with little or no interest in the technology of radio reception. Staphenson decided to satisfy this requirement and started his radio empire with the purchase of controlling interest in the General Radio Company.
...
He was also associated with the development of the Spitfire, the fighter plane which was to achieve such success in the defense of Britain in the early part of the war.

Stephenson diversified into coal mining, oil refining, steel fabrication and other industries, trading on a world wide basis. He had many dealings with Germany and as early as 1933 he was expressing concerns about Hitler and the developments in Nazi Germany.

Stephenson provided Winston Churchill with much of the data acquired on Germany's developing advanced communication systems and on the millions of pounds being spent on armaments. This information was presented to Neville Chamberlain by Churchill, in the form of questions in the House. lt had bean acquired in the course of normal business research by Stephenson's companies, but it was William Stephenson who had recognized the significance.

Stephenson had become friends with H. G. Wells who predicted the future wars would be like the science fiction of the 1930s, and the primary defense would be information obtained and distributed rapidly. We saw this situation in Desert Storm, but sixty years ago it was conjecture. Stephenson agreed with Wells' concept and was concerned when he saw or heard about secret communication developments in Germany. ENIGMA, the German coding machine for messages was in use in 1934. It was several years before the coding system was solved. Stephenson had commercial connections with ITT which manufactured communications systems for the Nazis. It was this contact which made him aware of Enigma soon after its introduction.
...

The scope of Stephenson's wartime activities will be the subject of future meetings of the Intrepid Society and I will not dwell on them. Suffice it to say that he was involved in directing and/or participating in special operations, espionage, political manoeuvre and intrigue, politics, counter-intelligenca and the efforts to encourage the USA to enter the war.

All of these activities were motivated by a patriotic loyalty to the Allied cause. This was a the outward manifestation of his support and belief in the British Commonwealth, positive attitude and respect for the United States and commitment to freedom and service to all the peoples of the world.

At the conclusion of hostilities, Stephenson received further recognition for the work which he had done during the war. There were many arrangements to be made for prominent individuals and issues to be investigated. Consequently the New York Office did not close until 9 months after the Japanese surrendered in August 1945. However, prior to that, Stephenson had been presented with a knighthood by King George VI, announced in the King's New Year's Honour List in January 1945.

After closing the New York office, Stephenson was still recognised in the US as a major contributor to the Allied success in 1945. He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Merit the highest honour available to a civilian. This was signed by President Truman, and was in recognition of the assistance given by the British intelligence and special operations unit in developing the American agency.
...
Stephenson moved to Jamaica and semi-retirement. However he was still in contact with many prominent political and financial leaders and in the late 1940s and early 1950s he was involved with an international trading group, the British-American-Canadian Corporation, later known as the World Commerce Corporation, a group heavily involved in rehabilitation and development of national economies which had suffered, or been deprived of markets during the war. It particularly promoted barter trade

http://www.rclbr637.ca/sws.html

Although Stephenson was knighted by King George VI and awarded the US Medal for Merit, not much was known about his war services until the publication of
H. Montgomery Hyde's The Quiet Canadian (1962).
William Stevenson (no relative to Stephenson) later published 2 books about him,
A Man Called Intrepid (1977) and
Intrepid's Last Case (1983).
...

Born in the Point Douglas area of Winnipeg, Manitoba, he left school at a young age. In 1916 he volunteered for the 101st Battalion (Winnipeg Light Infantry), CEF. He earned a field promotion to Sergeant and a medal for battling in the trenches before he turned 19.

While recovering from being gassed in 1916, Stephenson learned to fly and then transferred to the British Royal Flying Corps on August 16, 1917. Posted to 73 Squadron on February 9, 1918, Stephenson flew the British Sopwith Camel fighter biplane and scored twelve victories, among them was Lothar von Richthofen, the younger brother of the famous Red Baron, before he was shot down and captured by the Germans on July 28, 1918.

By the end of World War I he had achieved the rank of Captain and earned the Distinguished Flying Cross and the Military Cross.

http://www.nytimes.com/1989/02/03/obituaries/william-stephenson-british-spy-known-as-intrepid-is-dead-at-93.html
William Stephenson, British Spy Known as Intrepid, Is Dead at 93
By ALBIN KREBS Published: February 03, 1989
...
Britain's World War II chief of intelligence in the Western Hemisphere were chronicled in the 1979 bestseller ''A Man Called Intrepid'' died Tuesday in Paget, Bermuda. He was 93 years old....given the code name Intrepid by Winston Churchill ...

Operating out of a suite in Rockefeller Center in New York, Sir William sometimes served as a go-between for Churchill and Roosevelt and was sent potential American intelligence agents for training at secret bases in Canada.

Helped Organize O.S.S. He also helped in the organization of the United States' wartime intelligence operation, the Office of Strategic Services, whose head, Maj. Gen. William J. (Wild Bill) Donovan, later said: 'Bill Stephenson taught us all we ever knew about foreign intelligence.''

http://www.amazon.com/quiet-Canadian-service-Stephenson-Intrepid/dp/0094687803
The quiet Canadian: The secret service story of Sir William Stephenson (Intrepid) [Paperback]
(http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51V6alAaqTL._SL500_AA300_.jpg)
...
This 1962 book has a Foreword by Ian Fleming ("James Bond is not in fact a hero, but an efficient and not very attractive blunt instrument in the hands of government ... a highly romanticized version of the true spy") who first met William Stephenson ("A Man Called Intrepid") when he was on a mission to Washington in 1941. Stephenson was sent to New York in 1940 to protect British shipping of war material (and to gather information on enemy activities for appropriate counter-measures), and to promote public opinion in favor of American intervention on the side of Britain. Any offensive actions would have to remain secret. This was part of Economic Warfare.

Chapter 2 documents the important political decisions made at the time by President Roosevelt and others in 1940. Fifty coal burning destroyers were sent to Britain at a critical time. The Sperry bomb-sight was leased after they learned the Germans had the plans.

Chapter 3 tells of the propaganda campaign to discredit isolationists and Nazi supporters, and the methods used to cripple or harass German officials. Censorship of the mails was used to track down spies and saboteurs.
...
Chapter 6 tells of the OSS during WW2. Stephenson did everything to help Donovan get the position. The new organization faced two bureaucratic rivals: the FBI, and the military intelligence departments. It was mainly through the assistance of BSC that they survived.

Intelligence and other trained experts were put at Donovan's disposal. It explains how a short-wave station in Boston was used to broadcast propaganda.

http://www.bookrags.com/wiki/William_Stephenson
In recommending Stephenson for knighthood, Winston Churchill wrote "This One is Dear to My Heart."

Sources
British-born Canadian author William Stevenson (no relation) wrote a 1976 book A Man Called Intrepid about Stephenson. There are doubts about the veracity of much of what he wrote.

Nigel West in Counterfeit Spies casts doubt on much of Stevenson's account; the award of the Croix de Guerre avec Palmes and the Legion d'Honneur - according to West no such record exists of either award.

John Colville (who was one of Churchill's private secretaries) in his 1981 book The Churchillians took issue with Stevenson's description of Stephenson's relationship with Churchill during the war. He pointed out that Stephenson was not Churchill's personal liaison with Roosevelt, that in fact (as is well known) the two men corresponded directly and constantly. Indeed Colville never heard Churchill speak of Stephenson at all.

There are however numerous other references to the Stephenson-Churchill connection in, for example,
Maclean’s magazine December 1, 1952, The Times October 21, 1962 and many references to the relationship in Hyde’s biography The Quiet Canadian (1962). Churchill was still alive.

British/Soviet double agent Kim Philby refers to Stephenson as a friend of Churchill in his book My Silent War. Stephenson’s personal secretary and personal cipher clerks talk of Stephenson-Churchill communication in the book

The True Intrepid and in the documentary Secret Secretaries. There is chapter on the relationship in CIA historian Thomas Troy's Wild Bill and Intrepid.

Controversial historian David Irving in Churchill’s War reveals evidence of a secret communications link between Roosevelt and Churchill that was run by the FBI but controlled through Stephenson’s office.

There are references to this link in The True Intrepid. A dinner in Stevenson's book at Lord Beaverbrook's house in May or June 1940 is highly doubtful too. Colville described the printed letter of invitation from Churchill as clearly an invention, since Churchill was punctilious and never called Beaverbrook "the beaver", and for obvious reasons never signed himself W.C. Lord Trenchard is described discussing his fighter aircraft, where in fact it had been 10 years since Trenchard held a RAF post.

Colville's conclusion was to hope that Stevenson's book was not ever "used for the purpose of historical reference." In the papers of William Stevenson at the University of Regina there is only one reference to the Beaverbrook dinner. Stephenson cables the author that he did not recall the exact date of the gathering decades before, and there is no mention of him receiving a written note invitation. (Macdonald page 372, Troy page 237) I

n a foreword to Richard Dunlop's Donovan, Stephenson writes he received a telephone invitation to the dinner and he refers to "Boom Trenchard of RAF and Scotland Yard fame."

A Man Called Intrepid (1979) (mini) TV Series .... Madelaine
http://www.videosurf.com/video/a-man-called-intrepid-peter-carter-1979-david-niven-barbara-hershey-gayle-hunnicutt-simon-york-1256922443


http://www.amazon.com/Intrepids-Last-Case-Helped-Tackles/dp/1585745219/ref=sr_1_fkmr2_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1306607945&sr=8-1-fkmr2
(http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/515CYG867RL._SL500_AA300_.jpg)
Intrepid's Last Case: The Super Spy Who Helped Take Down the Nazis Tackles the KGB - 1983 [Paperback]

Intrepid's Last Case chronicles the post-World War II activities of Sir William Stephenson, whose fascinating role in helping to defeat the Nazis was the subject of the worldwide best-seller A Man Called Intrepid.

Sir William Stephenson still stood at the center of events when he and author William Stevenson discussed in the 1980s an investigation into sudden allegations that Intrepid's wartime aide, Dick Ellis, has been both a Soviet mole and a Nazi spy. They concluded that the rumors grew, ironically, from Intrepid's last wartime case involving the first major Soviet intelligence defector of the new atomic age: Igor Gouzenko. Intrepid saved Gouzenko and found him sanctuary inside a Canadian spy school, Camp X. Gouzenko was about to make more devastating disclosures than those concerning atomic espionage when the case was mysteriously terminated and Intrepid's organization dissolved.

Unraveling the implications of Gouzenko's defection and Intrepid's removal from the case, tracing the steps of Dick Ellis and disclosing much new information regarding United States and Canadian postwar intelligence activities, Intrepid's Last Case is a story that for sheer excitement rivals the best spy fiction-and is all the more important because every word is true.

Filled with never-before-revealed facts on the Soviet-Western nuclear war dance and a compelling portrayal of the mind of a professional spy, Intrepid's Last Case picks up where the first book ended, at the very roots of the cold war. It describes one of the most widespread cover-ups and bizarre betrayals in intelligence history. (6 x 9, 356 pages)

http://www.amazon.com/True-Intrepid-William-Stephenson-Agents/dp/1894254015
(http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/41YPrdqPiSL._BO2,204,203,200_PIsitb-sticker-arrow-click,TopRight,35,-76_AA300_SH20_OU01_.jpg)
The True 'Intrepid': Sir William Stephenson and the Unknown Agents [Hardcover]

The true story of Winnipeg born William Stephenson (known as 'Intrepid'), his career, and the secret World War II espionage organization, British Security Coordination, which he established in the heart of New York City.
Truth can be elusive - especially during wartime. Regarded as a founder of the CIA by the organization's own historians, Stephenson has remained a mysterious figure.

http://www.biographicon.com/view/9uw2i
...
On May 2, 2000 CIA Executive Director David W. Carey, representing Director of Central Intelligence George Tenet and Deputy Director of Central Intelligence John A. Gordon, accepted a bronze maquette (replica) statuette of Sir William Stephenson, which was given to the CIA by the Intrepid Society of Winnipeg, Manitoba.

In his remarks, Carey said:
Sir William Stephenson played a key role in the creation of the CIA. He realized early on that America needed a strong intelligence organization and lobbied contacts close to President Roosevelt to appoint a U.S. "coordinator" to oversee FBI and military intelligence. He urged that the job be given to William J. 'Wild Bill' Donovan, who had recently toured British defenses and gained the confidence of Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Although Roosevelt didn't establish exactly what Sir William had in mind, the organization created represented a revolutionary step in the history of American intelligence. Donovan's Office of Strategic Services (OSS) was the first 'central' U.S. intelligence service. OSS worked closely with and learned from Sir William and other Canadian and British officials during the war. A little later, these OSS officers formed the core of the CIA. Intrepid may not have technically been the father of CIA, but he's certainly in our lineage someplace.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: EvadingGrid on May 28, 2011, 12:05:27 pm
bookmarked
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 28, 2011, 02:52:17 pm
Quote
Sir William Stephenson still stood at the center of events when he and author William Stevenson discussed in the 1980s an investigation into sudden allegations that Intrepid's wartime aide, Dick Ellis, has been both a Soviet mole and a Nazi spy.

They concluded that the rumors grew, ironically, from Intrepid's last wartime case involving the first major Soviet intelligence defector of the new atomic age: Igor Gouzenko. Intrepid saved Gouzenko and found him sanctuary inside a Canadian spy school, Camp X. Gouzenko was about to make more devastating disclosures than those concerning atomic espionage when the case was mysteriously terminated and Intrepid's organization dissolved.

Unraveling the implications of Gouzenko's defection and Intrepid's removal from the case, tracing the steps of Dick Ellis and disclosing much new information regarding United States and Canadian postwar intelligence activities, Intrepid's Last Case is a story that for sheer excitement rivals the best spy fiction-and is all the more important because every word is true

Quote
Assistant Secretary of State Adolf Berle did, though he was misled by Ellis's cover name, as he passed this explosive information on to Sumner Welles [remember him] : "For your confidential information, the really active head of the intelligence section in Donovan's group is Mr. Elliot, who is assistant to Mr. Stevenson [sic]. In other words, Stevenson's assistant in The British intelligence is running Donovan's intelligence service." (Mahl, pp. 18-19)

http://www.specialforcesroh.com/browse.php?mode=viewiaward&awardid=3830
(http://www.mygen.com/images/Dick_Ellis.jpg)

https://deeppoliticsforum.com/forums/showthread.php?1057-Forefathers-of-the-CIA-Colonel-Charles-Howard-%93Dick%94-Ellis
Forefathers of the CIA: Colonel Charles Howard "Dick" Ellis

As any student of the Kennedy assassination well knows, there is endless discussion of the CIA in the literature of the case, but as I observed early on there is not much of value written about what the CIA actually is, where it came from, or who it serves. So a few years ago I decided to do a little digging and I eventually ended up presenting some of my findings in a talk to our local JFK research group that I called "A History of the Origins of the CIA."

One of the biggest surprises in my re-searching was to learn about a career officer in the British Secret Intelligence Service (SIS) by the name of Dick Ellis (1895-1975), who it was claimed, was actually running the two predecessor American organizations to the CIA, the Coordinator of Information office (1941-42) and the Office of Strategic Services (1942-45) for the official head, William Donovan. And that was only the first of the big surprises.

One also learns that Dick Ellis, an Australian who joined the SIS in the mid 1920s, was later subjected to an investigation and hostile interrogation in the UK to determine if he was a traitor of major proportions, who, it was claimed, spied for the Germans before and during World War II and later for the Soviet Union.

The information I had on this at the time contained in Thomas Troy's book Wild Bill and Intrepid: Donovan, Stephenson, and the Origin of the CIA and Thomas Mahl's Desperate Deception: British Covert Operations in the United States, 1939-44, was limited and inconclusive so I made a mental note to check later to see if there might be something further in the ?spycatcher? books about Ellis.

Well, I now have done a little more checking, and is there ever!

The most detailed exposure of the Dick Ellis story that I am aware of appeared in the 1981 book by Chapman Pincher, Their Trade is Treachery, and there is also much important coverage in Peter Wright's Spycatcher.

This is a long and complex story and there is one more important source that I want to check on before going into any more detail so I will let this much serve as a little introduction.

More to follow. Shortly, I hope.

I also hope to write up a little "Forefathers of the CIA" sketch about Dick Ellis's boss during World War II, Sir William Stephenson, the famous "Man Called Intrepid," who is of course a major part of the story. There is also some great later information on him that I wasn't aware of either.

Ron Williams  Last edited by Ron Williams; 03-17-2009 at 11:51 AM.

My Interest in Dick Ellis: The Books

I guess one way to attempt to explain how I got interested in Dick Ellis is to recount how the first four of the main source books came into my hands, all on the same day, and to present an extensive quote from one of them. The books are:

Wild Bill and Intrepid: Donovan, Stephenson, and the Origin of the CIA, by Thomas F. Troy, 1996

Desperate Deception: British Covert Operations in the United States, 1939-44, by Thomas E. Mahl, 1998

Room 3603: The Story of the British Intelligence Center in New York during World War II, by H. Montgomery Hyde, 1962 (with a forward by Ian Fleming, published in Canada and the UK as The Quiet Canadian)

British Security Coordination: The Secret History of British Intelligence in the Americas, 1940-45, written for Sir William Stephenson by various BSC staff members, 1945

Some seven or eight years ago when I was hoping to find some background on the origins of the CIA I stopped into a used book store that I frequented at the time and asked the cashier if they had a section on intelligence and espionage and he pointed me to a shelf in a section of the store that I had overlooked in previous visits. There in close proximity to one another were the above listed four books. What they contained was beyond anything I had imagined, and here specifically is what got me interested in Dick Ellis:

The influence of British Security Coordination in America to involve the United States in World War II and to prepare the United States to participate in war is impressive, even startling.

In the (Ernest) Cuneo Papers at the Franklin Roosevelt Library is an article written by Cuneo that, while its main purpose was to defend Cuneo's friend Dick Ellis from charges of being a Soviet mole, captures a telling fact known to few people: British intelligence created William Donovan's COI/OSS.

If the charge against Ellis is true,? wrote Cuneo, "it would mean that the OSS, and to some extent its successor, the CIA, in effect was a branch of the Soviet KGB."

Cuneo is not the only insider to say bluntly that credit must fall to William Stephenson's organization for the conception and establishment of the COI. Stephenson cabled this to London in mid-June 1941: Donovan accuses me of having 'intrigued and driven' him into appointment. You can imagine how relieved I am after three months of battle and jockeying for position in Washington that our man is in a position of such importance to our efforts.?

Not only were the British the primary force in the conception and creation of the COI, which later became the OSS and whose pieces were finally reconstructed in the CIA, but a British officer, Dick Ellis, then ran the organization.

This was done in the deepest secrecy, because as Winston Churchill's personal intelligence assistant, Major Desmond Morton, wrote, "It is of course essential that this fact not be known in view of the furious uproar it would cause if known to the Isolationists."

The isolationists never caught on, but Assistant Secretary of State Adolf Berle did, though he was misled by Ellis's cover name, as he passed this explosive information on to Sumner Welles [remember him] : "For your confidential information, the really active head of the intelligence section in Donovan's group is Mr. Elliot, who is assistant to Mr. Stevenson [sic]. In other words, Stevenson's assistant in The British intelligence is running Donovan's intelligence service." (Mahl, pp. 18-19)
I had read the two Intrepid books when they first came out, but I had almost no background at the time to help me appreciate what was in the second one, Intrepid?s Last Case (1983). Only now in a rereading did I learn its main purpose was an attempt by Sir William Stephenson to clear Dick Ellis?s name eight years after his death. (More on this later.)

In the last week and a half or so I also skimmed through A Man Called Intrepid, and read for the first time Spycather, Their Trade is Treachery, and a great and startling book that I had not been aware of at all, The True Intrepid: Sir William Stephenson and the Unknown Agents that was written in 1998 by Bill Macdonald, a Canadian from Sir William?s home town of Winnipeg.

As I am not sure how to get to the end of this, I will leave it here for now, and attempt to put together a basic biographical sketch of Dick Ellis in the next post.


http://www.amazon.com/story-British-intelligence-center-during/dp/B00005XTNV/ref=sr_1_2?ie=UTF8&s=books&qid=1306612072&sr=1-2
Room 3603; the story of the British intelligence center in New York during World War II [Hardcover]
H. Montgomery Hyde (Author)

Foreword by Ian Fleming. Story of the New York branch of British intelligence known as the British Security Coordination during WWII. Based on the papers of Sir William Stephenson, director of the office. The author was also a member of the BSC.

Chapters include:
Spies, saboteurs and propagandists, the Vichy French, Special operations, COI and OSS. Lots of fascinating 'inside stories' and accounts of famous figures such as J. Edgar Hoover, Klaus Fuchs, Louis de Wohl (Hitler's astrologer,) Bill Donovan, and the spy known only as "Cynthia." I found the material on South American operations particularly interesting. Enough inspiration here for lots of movies!
257 pages, bibliography and index.

http://satehate.exblog.jp/13590054
(http://www.mygen.com/images/c0139575_23103673.jpg) MI-6 Charles "Dick" Ellis
(http://www.mygen.com/images/c0139575_20311554.gif)

(http://www.mygen.com/images/c0139575_2184847.jpg)
Desperate Deception: British Covert Operations in the US, 1939-44

http://adbonline.anu.edu.au/biogs/A140105b.htm
Ellis, Charles Howard (Dick) (1895 - 1975)

ELLIS, CHARLES HOWARD (1895-1975), soldier and intelligence officer, was born on 13 February 1895 at Annandale, Sydney, second son of English-born parents William Edward Ellis, clothing manufacturer, and his wife Lillian Mary, née Hobday. After Lillian died in 1898, William took his sons to Brisbane and Launceston, Tasmania, before settling in Melbourne about 1902. Completing his education at Stott & Hoare's Business College, young Ellis worked for the booksellers, Melville & Mullen Pty Ltd, and played oboe with the Royal Melbourne Philharmonic Society. He sailed to Britain in June 1914, intending to study there.
...

Having visited Melbourne in 1920, he began a course in Russian at St Edmund Hall, Oxford, England. In 1922-23 he was a captain, Territorial Army Reserve, based in Constantinople on intelligence work. At the British High Commission on 12 April 1923 he married a 17-year-old White Russian, Elizabeth (Lilia) Zelensky; they were to have a son before being divorced. In December Ellis became British vice-consul in Berlin: there and elsewhere he maintained surveillance on White Russians fabricating intelligence documents for the British Special (Secret) Intelligence Service (M.I.6) and probably joined the S.I.S. at this time. By 1926 he was employed by the British Chamber of Commerce in Vienna; as a journalist with the London Morning Post, he reported from Geneva on sessions of the League of Nations Assembly
...
Early in World War II, to attract support for Britain's cause and to monitor German activities in the United States of America, the S.I.S. opened the British Security Co-ordination office in New York. Bearing the official title of British consul, Major Ellis was sent to the B.S.C. in 1940 as assistant-director; in 1941 he became head of its Washington office. Some American officials were eager to preserve their country's neutrality and opposed the B.S.C., but the intelligence links it established bore fruit when the U.S.A. entered the war in December.

Next year Ellis was in the Middle East where he worked with R. G. (Baron) Casey, the British minister of state who was based in Cairo. Ellis rejoined the B.S.C. in 1942 as a local colonel and returned to London in August 1944. He was appointed to the U.S. Legion of Merit and C.B.E. in 1946.

Posted that year to the S.I.S.'s Singapore office as field-officer in charge of South-East Asia and the Far East, he retained the post until his retirement in 1953 when he was appointed C.M.G. On 24 August 1954 at the register office, Kensington, London, he married a 48-year-old widow and retired schoolteacher Alexandra Wood, née Surtees (d.1970).

In the 1950s he spent periods in his native-land, assisting with the establishment of the Australian Secret (Intelligence) Service. He also helped to found the journal, Hemisphere (1956), which focussed on Asian-Australian affairs. His publications included The Transcaspian Episode, 1918-1919 (London, 1963), and he frequently contributed to the Journal of the Royal Central Asia Society.

Allegations have been made that 'Dick' Ellis had passed information to German intelligence before and during World War II, and that he could have worked for Soviet intelligence while with the B.S.C. and subsequently.

Experts have dismissed these claims, if only because important information held by Ellis was known not to have been transmitted to the Soviet Union.  

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spycatcher
(http://www.mygen.com/images/200px-Spycatcher.jpg)
Spycatcher: The Candid Autobiography of a Senior Intelligence Officer (also Spycatcher), is a book written by Peter Wright, former MI5 officer and Assistant Director, and co-author Paul Greengrass. It was published first in Australia. Its allegations proved scandalous on publication, but more so because the British Government attempted to ban it, ensuring its profit and notoriety

Spycatcher details the author’s work seeking to discover a Soviet mole in MI5, and that the said mole was Roger Hollis — a former MI5 Director General; it also describes people who might have or might not have been the mole; and renders a history of MI5 by chronicling its principal officers, from the 1930s to his time in service.

Moreover, Spycatcher tells of the MI6 plot to assassinate President Nasser during the Suez Crisis; of joint MI5-CIA plotting against left-wing British Prime Minister Harold Wilson (secretly accused of being a KGB agent by the Soviet defector Anatoliy Golitsyn); and of MI5’s eavesdropping on high-level Commonwealth conferences.
...
The concepts and use of Public Key Infrastructure were discovered by British scientists in GCHQ in 1969 with Ellis. After the re-discovery and commercial use of PKI by Rivest, Shamir, Diffie and others, the British government considered releasing the records of GCHQ's successes in this field...

The primary case around which Spycatcher is based, that the Director General of MI5 - Roger Hollis - was a Russian spy, is brought up-to-date by Chapman, Pincher (2009), Treachery: Betrayals, Blunders, and Cover-ups: Six Decades of Espionage Against America and Great Britain. New York: Random House

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roger_Hollis
...
Pincher claims Hollis was recruited by Richard Sorge in China in the early 1930s to spy for the GRU. Little evidence has been advanced to support these assertions
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 28, 2011, 03:38:46 pm
Quote
Intrepid's last wartime case involving the first major Soviet intelligence defector of the new atomic age: Igor Gouzenko. Intrepid saved Gouzenko and found him sanctuary inside a Canadian spy school, Camp X. Gouzenko was about to make more devastating disclosures than those concerning atomic espionage when the case was mysteriously terminated and Intrepid's organization dissolved.


http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=ArchivedFeatures&Params=a221

(http://www.mygen.com/images/gouzenko_lrg.jpg)
Igor Gouzenko on television, 1966. Over half of the convictions under the Official Secrets Act were a result of Gouzenko's defection (courtesy NAC/PA-129625).
...
He” was Igor Gouzenko, a cipher clerk at the Soviet embassy in Ottawa, and it was September 6, 1945, the day after he left the embassy carrying 109 secret documents under his shirt. Soviet agents had come to take him in. Gouzenko was protected by his Canadian neighbour, who got him and his family to safety, called the police and told the agents when they returned that the Gouzenkos were away.

Gouzenko asserted that the USSR maintained an extensive spy ring in Canada, aimed mostly at obtaining atomic secrets. Furthermore, Gouzenko warned, the Soviets were not allies but were planning world domination. Gouzenko’s revelations shattered the innocence of the naïve Canadian populace.

His defection initiated the Cold War between the Soviets and the West and led to the creation of NATO and the Warsaw Pact.

Gouzenko’s autobiography This Was My Choice details Russian life under Stalin. The conditions young Igor faced are unfathomable to most Canadians. Deprivation and poverty took its toll on the Soviet people. They were worn down by the cruelty and tyranny of the Communist government whose history, written in the blood of its people, comprises purges, concentration camps, mass executions and torture.
...
Gouzenko was transferred to Intelligence Headquarters in Moscow, where he observed a network of Communist spooks from all over the world. He was sent to Ottawa in 1943. In Canada he found a land of plenty, a land he did not want to leave when he learned he would be sent back to Moscow. He also discovered the extensive spy ring operated by Colonel Zabotin.

http://www.documentstalk.com/wp/guzenko-gouzenko-igor-sergeevich-1919-1982
(http://www.mygen.com/images/gouzenko_camp_x.jpg)
Igor Gouzenko at Camp X, 1948

Code name “Clark.”  A Soviet cipher clerk in Ottawa, Canada who defected in September 1945. Guzenko was born in a village in the Moscow region and studied at Moscow Architectural Institute and at the Military Engineering Academy. After graduating from cipher clerk training school in April 1942, he began work as a cipher clerk at GRU headquarters in Moscow.

In August 1943, Guzenko was posted to Ottawa as a cipher clerk in the office of the Soviet military attaché in Canada, who was also a resident of the GRU.

On September 5, 1945, Guzenko defected with documentation he had hidden away in preparation for his defection. The evidence he provided revealed Soviet espionage penetration in Canada, with leads to Great Britain and the United States, and led to arrests and espionage prosecutions with 18 convictions in Canada.

Guzenko and his family were given another identity and settled in Canada. For years, however, Guzenko remained in the public eye, appearing in photos and on television with a hood over his head.

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/SSskardon.htm
http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/SSgouzenko.htm
...
Igor Gouzenko was born in Russia on 13th January, 1922. He worked as a cipher clerk in the Russian Legation in Ottawa, Canada. This was only a cover as he was really a KGB intelligence officer.

On 5th September 1945, Gouzenko defected to the West claiming he had evidence of an Soviet spy ring based in Britain. The case was passed on to Kim Philby, head of Section IX (Soviet Affairs) of MI6. He suggested that Gouzenko should be interviewed by Roger Hollis of MI5.

Gouzenko provided evidence that led to the arrest of 22 local agents and 15 Soviet spies in Canada. Information from Gouzenko resulted in the arrest and conviction of Klaus Fuchs and Allan Nunn May.

Gouzenko also claimed that there was a Soviet agent inside MI5. However, he was later to argue that Hollis showed little interest in this evidence. "The mistake in my opinion in dealing with this matter was that the task of finding the agent was given to MI5 itself. The results even beforehand could be expected to be nil."
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: chris jones on May 28, 2011, 04:17:22 pm
 I hope I'm not off base on this, but I was told and at one time had information that two Japenese emissarys with a declaration of war were detained, not allowed access, etc in possession of a declaration of war,days before Pearl Harbor.
 Some guy said , show me who profits from the war and we can stop war, or words to that effect.
  Power, money, prestige, nobility, royalty, dynamic egos, etc. is all the sametub of Shiiiite.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: ekimdrachir on May 28, 2011, 04:24:35 pm
Bump for history
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 28, 2011, 05:04:06 pm
I hope I'm not off base on this, but I was told and at one time had information that two Japenese emissarys with a declaration of war were detained, not allowed access, etc in possession of a declaration of war,days before Pearl Harbor.
 Some guy said , show me who profits from the war and we can stop war, or words to that effect.
  Power, money, prestige, nobility, royalty, dynamic egos, etc. is all the sametub of Shiiiite.

I seem to remember seeing somewhere that the delagation was delayed (possibly by HULL).

Notice they did everything they could to get the Japanese to strike the U.S. and not the U.S.S.R,  First.
If you go back into it, via Sorge spies, et.al the U.S.S.R already knew that Japan had been convinced at least to wait and prepare a strike against the U.S. in June 1941. Hitler knew too, and unleashed a Blitzkreig of tanks against the U.S.S.R. in June 22 1941,

Hitler's plan was for the Japanese to strike against the U.S.S.R. to create a two front war against them ((for Good or Bad) They might have won) But all the pre-war espionage pushed Japan to go South and East against the U.S. and the Philipines/Indonesa... Hitler continued to ask Japan to attack the U.S.S.R. to create the two front war against the U.S.S.R but the Sorge spy ring was too influential.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Operation_Barbarossa - June 22, 1941 – December 5, 1941


Quote
On November 25, 1941, twelve days before Pearl Harbor, Lattimore dispatched an anxious cable to Currie in the White House arguing against a proposed diplomatic understanding between the United States and Japan. When Congress later investigated the Pearl Harbor attack,

U.S. Secretary of State Cordell Hull testified that he took a tough line with the Japanese because of this cable from Lattimore to Currie reporting on Chinese morale in the Kuomintang. This cable was the only documentary evidence Hull presented which influenced his decision to reverse himself and send the ultimatum to Japan.

http://www.awesomestories.com/assets/intercepted-decoded-message-november-28-1941
This message was intercepted, and decoded, by the United States.  It was sent from Tokyo to Japan's emissaries in Washington - ten days before the Pearl Harbor attack.

[Secret]
 
From: Tokyo
To: Washington
November 28, 1941.
Purple (CA)
#844
 
Re your #1189 [a]


Well, you two Ambassadors have exerted superhuman efforts but, in spite of this, the United States has gone ahead and presented this humiliating proposal. This was quite unexpected and extremely regrettable. The Imperial Government can by no means use it as a basis for negotiations. Therefore, with a report of the views of the Imperial Government on this American proposal which I will send you in two or three days, the negotiations will be de facto ruptured. This is inevitable. However, I do not wish you to give the impression that the negotiations are broken off. Merely say to them that you are awaiting instructions and that, although the opinions of your Government are not yet clear to you, to your own way of thinking the Imperial Government has always made just claims and has borne great sacrifices for the sake of peace in the Pacific. Say that we have always demonstrated a long-suffering and conciliatory attitude, but that, on the other hand, the United States has been unbending, making it impossible for Japan to establish negotiations. Since things have come to this pass, I contacted the man you told me to in your #1180 and he said that under the present circumstances what you suggest is entirely unsuitable. From now on do the best you can.

http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/1941/12/08.htm

...
2:25 AM:  Japanese air raid on Pearl Harbor commences

2:28 AM:  Pearl Harbor sends en clare radio message to Navy Department, "AIR RAID PEARL HARBOR STOP THIS IS NO DRILL STOP END".  (The message was drafted by Rear Admiral Patrick N L Bellinger, Naval Base defence Air Force Commander, 14th Naval District, though it does not seem to have been recorded whether his signature or, for that matter, any signature, was appended to this message.)

3:20 AM:   (2:20 PM December 7, Washington time) Japanese emissaries deliver declaration of war to Hull.

U.S.A. President Roosevelt speaks before the US Congress requesting a declaration of war against Japan declares December 7 to be: "a date which will live in infamy."  In just eight minutes President Roosevelt today called on the Congress of the United States to declare war on Japan. It took a further 20 minutes for congressmen to vote America into the world conflict.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: chris jones on May 28, 2011, 05:19:40 pm
Tahoe.
         I could rant on this one bro. Just one point, an entire Japanese fleet is not noticed by anyone on the earth or sea. A hawain newspaper ,front page, warned of the Japanese attack, days before.
 These newspapers were sought out by intell agents and destroyed, though they missed a few, I beleive they can be researched on this site.
        911, not a Pearl attack, but a facsile therof.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 28, 2011, 05:25:08 pm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hull_note
The Hull note or officially Outline of Proposed Basis for Agreement Between the United States and Japan was the final proposal delivered to the Empire of Japan by the United States before the attack on Pearl Harbor and the declaration of war between the two nations. The note was delivered on November 26, 1941; it is named for Secretary of State Cordell Hull.
...
On November 25 Henry L. Stimson, United States Secretary of War noted in his diary that he had discussed with US President Franklin D. Roosevelt the severe likelihood that Japan was about to launch a surprise attack, and that the question had been "how we should maneuver them [the Japanese] into the position of firing the first shot without allowing too much danger to ourselves.'"[4][5]

On the following day, November 26, 1941, Hull presented the Japanese ambassador with the Hull note, which as one of its conditions demanded the complete withdrawal of all Japanese troops from French Indochina and China. It did not refer to Manchukuo, in which hundreds of thousands of Japanese civilians were already living.
Japanese Prime Minister Tojo Hideki said to his cabinet, "this is an ultimatum."[6]

The strike force which attacked Pearl Harbor had set sail the day before, on the morning of November 26, 1941, Japan time. It could have been recalled along the way, but no further diplomatic progress was made and

On 1 December, Emperor Hirohito approved, in Imperial Conference, the war against United States, Britain, and the Netherlands, which began by the attack on Pearl Harbor, Malaya, and the Philippines.[7]

Tahoe.
         I could rant on this one bro. Just one point, an entire Japanese fleet is not noticed by anyone on the earth or sea. A hawain newspaper ,front page, warned of the Japanese attack, days before.
 These newspapers were sought out by intell agents and destroyed, though they missed a few, I beleive they can be researched on this site.   911, not a Pearl attack, but a facsile therof.

Exactly - I'll update this post with a link to thread when I find it.

Germar Rudolf (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=34662.msg164552#msg164552)

(http://www.mygen.com/images/pearlharborwarning.a.jpg)What really happened - Honolulu Advertiser (http://www.whatreallyhappened.com/IMAGES/pearlharborwarning.jpg)

http://www.ihr.org/jhr/v04/v04p388_Stimely.html
...
Joseph Leib, a former New Deal bureaucrat and retired newspaper correspondent, wrote an article which appeared in Hustler magazine, "Pearl Harbor: The Story the Rest of the Media Won't Tell," in which he claimed that his friend, Secretary of State Hull, had confided to him on 29 November 1941 that J. Edgar Hoover and FDR knew that the Japanese were going to attack Pearl Harbor withing a few days, and that the President, over Hull's strident objections, was going to let this happen as a way to get the country into war.... Leib's story was not the capstone to the recent revisionist wave...

http://aotearoaawiderperspective.wordpress.com/2008/04/29/explosive-truth-about-pearl-harbor-the-story-the-rest-of-the-media-wont-tell/
EXPLOSIVE TRUTH ABOUT PEARL HARBOR: THE STORY THE REST OF THE MEDIA WON’T TELL- JOSEPH LEIB
...
How could the Japanese fleet sail across the Pacific without detection?
Where did Japan obtain the detailed information about the deployment of U.S. forces on Oahu?
Why were our ships and planes lined up so neatly together, inviting attack?
How could our fighting forces be caught so off-guard?
How could they be taken so totally by surprise?
...
A full week earlier, on November 29, I learned about the impending attack from an unlikely source – Cordell Hull, Roosevelt’s own secretary of state. To put the matter into proper perspective, I should explain how and why Hull came to entrust me with the terrible secret of Pearl Harbor.
...
Hull began to talk. His words came slowly at first and then fairly streamed from his mouth. It was as if he could barely wait to pronounce them he was so anxious to tell the story.

I could only sit in startled silence as Hull told me Japan was going to attack Pearl Harbor within a few days, and pulled from his inside coat pocket a transcript of Japanese radio intercepts detailing the plan. Recovering from my shock, I began to question him.

“Why are you telling me this?” I blurted out. “Why don’t you hold a press conference and issue a warning?”

“I don’t know anyone else I can trust,” he replied, shaking his head. “I’ve confided in some of your colleagues in the past, but they’ve always gotten me into hot water. You’ve had the goods on me for months; yet you’ve kept your promise not to publish them. You’re the only one I can turn to.”

“Does the President know the Japs are going to attack Pearl Harbor?”

“Of course he does. He’s fully aware of the plans. So is Hoover at the FBI. Roosevelt and I got into a terrible argument, but he refuses to do anything about it. He wants us in this war, and an attack in Hawaii will give him just the opportunity. That’s why I can’t hold a press conference. I’d be denounced by the White House. No one would believe me!”

(Hull’s allegations about FBI complicity in the coverup were confirmed more than a month after Pearl Harbor. A bylined article by United Press reporter Fred Mullen in the Washington Times-Herald declared, “FBI Told Army Japs Planned Honolulu Raid.” The article explained that the bureau had intercepted a radio-telephone conversation on December 5, which mentioned details of the planned raid. Within hours of publication Hoover pressured the newspaper into pulling the story from its later editions.)

After exacting a promise from me never to reveal where I got the document, Hull gave me a transcript of the Japanese message intercepts. I nearly ran the few short blocks to the National Press Building on 14th Street, where I had an office. I took the elevator up to the United Press bureau and brushed past the clerks and reporters into Lyle Wilson’s private office.
...
The only newspaper in the whole world to use any portion of the story was the Honolulu Advertiser. A front-page banner headline in the paper the morning of Sunday, November 30, “JAPANESE MAY ATTACK OVER WEEKEND!” A subhead noted, “Hawaii Troops Alerted”.

Suspiciously, the story didn’t mention that the target of the Japanese attack would be Pearl Harbor itself. The horrible cost paid for that simple omission is well-known.
| -- - -- - -  

What I am trying to show (and research the history of) these NWO networks were set up before WWII and continue to this day (post 911)
Tell me it ain't so Joe....
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: chris jones on May 28, 2011, 06:29:44 pm
 T.
    Our oppinion of these manipulating parasitic rat bastards appears to be on the same channel.
 Off subject but relevant. I have watched our citizenry cheer GWB after leaving office, cheering, yelling, wiggling the ol flag, the same with Obama, the crowds woooing and cheering.
  I'm getting old, have agent orange, and time for me is precious, life for me is in fast gear. I admit when I see citizens of this nation applauding these peices of lying garbage I feel a sadness I can't put into words, maby a depression, in any event all I can think of is the masses of innocents genocided, Americas sons killed for profit, and the foundation of this nation being eradicated. I ponder on the future for the young, will they ever know freedom.
  It brings a tears to my eyes.  I stepped into the rabit hole over 40 years ago, its been a long ride.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 28, 2011, 09:23:08 pm
Life Sept 1945 - Colonel Jimmy Stewart Cover -
Dewey knew [found out] the full story of Pearl Harbor in the autumn 1944:


(http://www.mygen.com/images/Dewey_Pearl_Harbor.jpg)LIFE - Sept_1945 The Hull Note  (http://books.google.com/books?id=3EkEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA110&lpg=PA110&dq=Japan+ultimatum+Hull+1941&source=bl&ots=H-R3eBTbyP&sig=GcCBuGOrVBxZ8yHtblr94rNZDhU&hl=en#v=onepage&q=Japan%20ultimatum%20Hull%201941&f=false)

[
Keep in mind that Life was owned and published by Henry Luce and he certainly knew what was going on, he was backing Shek in China while the CFR's are backing Mao. It seems these elites want the same things, ruling the world, there's just a disagreement to the body count and which bodies.

Think about what emboldened Hitler and ToJo and Mussolini. What made them think they could take on the world and murder millions? It started with the Russian revolution and the communist purges, they murdered the czar and anyone that got in there way, then they got in power and murdered more and starved millions of others. That was the story for twenty years in the U.S.S.R. with Lenin/Stalin. So they got away with it. And because they got away with it. These other dictators felt they could do it to. Of course they were encouraged to via Rockefeller/Rothschild financing who just by no coincidence financed the communist revolution in Russia in the first place (Lenin on the train with the gold box cars)...
]

Vladimir Lenin received $12,000,000 in gold bullion from the Jacob Schiff’s Kuhn Loeb & Company bank in New York City. Lenin was shipped from Zurich, Switzerland to Russia in a sealed boxcar. This gold bullion in the hands of skilled organizers soon led to toppling of the Russian monarchy. Thus U.S. financial interests played a significant role in bring about Russia’s communist revolution. which spread to involve the whole world (http://www.newswithviews.com/Howenstine/james30.htm)

Jacob Schiff was head of the New York investment firm Kuhn, Loeb and Co. He was one of the principal backers of the Bolshevik revolution and personally financed Trotsky's trip from New York to Russia. He was a major contributor to Woodrow Wilson's presidential
campaign and an advocate for passage of the Federal Reserve Act
. (http://www.wildboar.net/multilingual/easterneuropean/russian/literature/articles/whofinanced/whofinancedleninandtrotsky.html)

Jacob Schiff, head of Kuhn, Loeb and Co. (now Chase Manhattan)  (http://www.truthtellers.org/alerts/benshapiroignoresjews.html)

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Life_(magazine)

In 1936 publisher Henry Luce paid $92,000 to the owners of Life magazine because he sought the name for Time Inc.
...
Life got its own building at 19 West 31st Street, a Beaux-Arts architecture jewel built in 1894 and considered of "outstanding significance" by the New York Landmarks Preservation Commission.
Later it moved editorial offices to 9 Rockefeller Plaza.

(http://cache2.allpostersimages.com/p/LRG/26/2694/CATUD00Z/posters/sumits-william-entrance-of-9-rockefeller-plaza.jpg) 9 Rockefeller Plaza

Oh and more about "30 Rock" built by Rockefeller in the 1930's DEPRESSION (So what did he see in HIS crystal ball?):

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rockefeller_Center

Rockefeller Center or Rockefeller Plaza is a complex of 19 commercial buildings covering 22 acres (89,000 m2) between 48th and 51st streets in New York City, United States. Built by the Rockefeller family, it is located in the center of Midtown Manhattan, spanning the area between Fifth Avenue and Sixth Avenue. It was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1987
...
Rockefeller Center was named after John D. Rockefeller, Jr., who leased the space from Columbia University in 1928 and developed it from 1930. Rockefeller initially planned a syndicate to build an opera house for the Metropolitan Opera on the site, but changed his mind after the stock market crash of 1929 and the Metropolitan's continual delays to hold out for a more favorable lease, causing Rockefeller to move forward without them.
...
It was the public relations pioneer Ivy Lee, the prominent adviser to the family, who first suggested the name "Rockefeller Center" for the complex, in 1931. Junior initially did not want the Rockefeller family name associated with the commercial project, but was persuaded on the grounds that the name would attract far more tenants.[8]

What could have become a major controversy in the mid-1930s concerned the last of the four European buildings that remained unnamed. Attempts were made by Ivy Lee and others to rent out the space to German commercial concerns and name it the Deutsches Haus. Junior ruled this out after being advised of Hitler's Nazi march toward World War II, and thus the empty office site became the International Building North.[9]

This subsequently became the primary location of the U.S. operations of British Intelligence, British Security Coordination (BSC) during the War, with Room 3603 becoming the principal operations center for Allied intelligence, organized by William Stephenson, as well as the office of the future head of what was later to become the Central Intelligence Agency, Allen Welsh Dulles.[10]

The Center is a combination of two building complexes: the older and original 14 Art Deco office buildings from the 1930s, and a set of four International-style towers built along the west side of Avenue of the Americas during the 1960s and 1970s (plus the Lehman Brothers Building). (The Time-Life Building, McGraw-Hill and News Corporation/Fox News Channel headquarters are part of the Rockefeller Center extension now owned/managed by the major private real estate firm, Rockefeller Group.)

In 1985, Columbia University sold the land beneath Rockefeller Center to the Rockefeller Group for 400 million dollars.[11]

The entire Rockefeller Center complex was purchased by Mitsubishi Estate, a real estate company of the Mitsubishi Group, in 1989, which fully bought out Rockefeller Group.

In 2000, the current owner Jerry Speyer (a close friend of David Rockefeller), of Tishman Speyer Properties, L.P., together with the Lester Crown family of Chicago, bought for $1.85 billion the older 14 buildings and land from the previous syndicated owners: Goldman Sachs (which had 50 percent ownership), Gianni Agnelli, Stavros Niarchos, and David Rockefeller, who organized the syndicate in 1996 and is historically associated with the other partners.[12]

Just a thought. Ya think, the "FitzGerald" Kennedy's discussed politics around the dinner table? Ya think ?
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_P._Kennedy,_Sr.

During World War I, he was an assistant general manager of Bethlehem Steel and developed a friendship with Franklin D. Roosevelt, then Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
...
At the repeal of Prohibition, Kennedy and FDR's son James Roosevelt traveled to Scotland to buy distribution rights for Scotch whisky.
...
He was the inaugural Chairman of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), appointed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt (FDR), and later directed the Maritime Commission. Kennedy served as the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1938 until late 1940, including the early part of World War II.
...
His term as Ambassador and his political ambitions ended abruptly during the Battle of Britain in November 1940, with the publishing of his controversial remarks suggesting that "Democracy is finished in England. It may be here, [in the US]." Kennedy resigned under pressure shortly afterwards.

http://www.jfklibrary.org/JFK/The-Kennedy-Family/Joseph-P-Kennedy.aspx?p=3
...
In 1933, with the election won and Roosevelt inaugurated, Kennedy took a trip to Europe with James Roosevelt, the new President’s son. The end of Prohibition had been implicit in Roosevelt’s election, and Kennedy saw in it a new business possibility. While in England he obtained rights to become the U.S. agent for Haig & Haig Ltd., John Dewar and Sons, Ltd. and Gordon's Dry Gin Company Ltd. When Prohibition officially ended, with the ratification of the 21st amendment, Kennedy and his company, Somerset Importers, were poised to take advantage of the country’s rehabilitated thirst with an enormous stockpile of liquor imports.

(http://www.mygen.com/images/kennedy_family.jpg)
Mr. and Mrs. Joseph P. Kennedy with their nine children in Bronxville, N.Y., 1938. From left are, seated: Eunice, Jean, Edward (on lap of his father), Patricia, and Kathleen. Standing: Rosemary, Robert, John, Mrs. Kennedy, and Joseph, Jr.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Why_England_Slept
(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/4/42/Sleeping_england.jpg/167px-Sleeping_england.jpg)

Why England Slept (ISBN 0-313-22874-4) is the published version of a thesis written by John F. Kennedy while in his senior year at Harvard College. Its title was an allusion to Winston Churchill's 1938 book While England Slept, which also examined the buildup of German power. Published in 1940,[1] the book examines the failures of the British government to take steps to prevent World War II and is notable for its uncommon stance of not castigating the appeasement policy of the British government at the time, instead suggesting that an earlier confrontation between the United Kingdom and Nazi Germany could well have been more disastrous in the long run.
...
As ambassador to Britain, Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. supported Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain's policy of appeasement during the late 1930s. John F. Kennedy lived with his father in Britain at that time and witnessed the Luftwaffe's bombings of Britain first-hand.

The book's introduction was written by Henry R. Luce.

We never here much about James Roosevelt - he survived the war:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_Roosevelt
James Roosevelt (December 23, 1907 – August 13, 1991) was the oldest son of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He was a U.S. Representative, officer in the United States Marine Corps, aide to his father, official Secretary to the President, Democratic Party activist, and businessman.
...
In October 1939, after World War II broke out in Europe, Roosevelt resigned the lieutenant colonel's commission he had been given in 1936, and was commissioned as a Captain in the Marine Corps Reserves. In November 1940, he went on active duty. In early 1941, the President sent him to the Middle East as a military attaché with the British forces. He travelled extensively in the area, and observed several important campaigns. [3]

In August 1941, he joined the staff of William J. Donovan, Coordinator of Information, with the job of working out the exchange of information with other agencies.[1]

After Japan's Attack on Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt requested assignment to combat duty. He transferred to the Marine Raiders, the Marines' commando force, and became second-in-command of the 2nd Raider Battalion under Evans Carlson who Roosevelt knew when Carlson commanded the Marine Detachment at the Warm Springs, Georgia residence of Franklin Roosevelt. His influence helped win Presidential backing for the Raiders, who were opposed by Marine traditionalists.

Roosevelt served with the 2nd Raiders at Midway, and in the Makin Island raid, where he earned the Navy Cross. He was given command of the new 4th Raiders, but was invalided in February 1943. He served in various staff positions during the rest of the war. In November 1943, he accompanied Army troops in the invasion of Makin, and was awarded the Silver Star by the Army. He retired from active duty in October 1945, with rank of Colonel.

He continued in the Marine Corps Reserves, and retired in 1959 at the rank of Brigadier General.[3]

James suffered from having flat feet, so while other Marines were required to wear boots, he was allowed to wear sneakers

http://worldwar2history.info/Pearl-Harbor/deceit.html
...
Donovan had not been present at dinner but had been summoned by the President from New York, where he had been watching a football game at the Polo Grounds. Football fans heard an unusual announcement over the public address system about 2:30 that afternoon: "Colonel William Donovan, come to the box office at once. There is an important phone message." The message was from James Roosevelt, the President's son and a member of Donovan's staff; he told Donovan about the Japanese attack.

Throughout the evening of December 7, Roosevelt conferred with congressional and military leaders. He decided his first wartime move would come the next morning, December 8, when he would ask Congress to declare that a state of war existed between Japan and the United States. He prepared a rough draft of what later became his "Day of Infamy" speech.

Then he invited Murrow and Donovan into the study for a midnight snack of sandwiches and cold beer. Chief Usher Crim noted that the three men spent twenty-five minutes together in the study before Roosevelt retired to his adjoining bedroom. Crim's arrival and departure notations in the Usher Book comprise the only official record; there were no official minutes of the meeting.

(http://www.mygen.com/images/FDR_James_Roosevelt.jpg) FDR and son James

http://www.corbis.co.in/searchresults.php?s=Joseph+Patrick+Kennedy&rm=&rf=&mr=&loc=&col=&listRF=&orient=&view=&people=&pht=&max=1000&p=1

(http://www.mygen.com/images/James_Roosevelt_Joe_Kennedy.jpg)
Joseph Patrick Kennedy and James Roosevelt Standing Outside
  Original caption: Pictured as they chatted at Palm Beach, Florida, are James Roosevelt, (L), son of the President, and Joseph P. Kennedy, the U. S. Ambassador to Great Britain. James Roosevelt was a guest at the Kennedy Palm Beach Home. The new envoy was expected to sail for his new post in England on February 26, 1938.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marine_Raiders
(http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c4/MARINERAIDERS.png)
...
The Raiders were created by an order from President Franklin D. Roosevelt, acting on proposals from Colonel William J. Donovan and Major Evans F. Carlson.

Carlson had been a soldier in the Punitive Expedition to capture Pancho Villa in Mexico and World War I, became a Marine officer during the American occupation of Nicaragua, and served as an Intelligence Officer of the 4th Marines in China.

He had seen the tactics and strategy of Communist Chinese irregulars, Zhū Dé and the Eighth Route Army in particular, as they fought the occupying Japanese and became enthralled with their version of guerrilla warfare.

In 1933 Carlson had commanded the Marine Detachment at the Warm Springs, Georgia vacation retreat of President Roosevelt, where he formed a close friendship with both Franklin D. Roosevelt and his son James.

Carlson resigned from the Marines to speak to American businessmen to warn them against providing materials to Japan.

Carlson rejoined the Marines in April 1941, gaining a commission from the Commandant as a reserve major. Carlson still had the President's ear as well as FDR's son James Roosevelt, who was now a Marine Captain and was his friend and protégé.
The Raiders were given the best of the Marines' equipment, and were handpicked from available volunteers. The two units approached their common mission from different directions. Carlson utilized egalitarian and team-building methods learned from the Communists during his years in China: he treated officers and enlisted men with minimum regard to rank as leaders and fighters, gave his men "ethical indoctrination," describing for each man what he was fighting for and why, and used the Chinese phrase "Gung-ho!" as a motivational slogan. He also eschewed standard Marine Corps organization, forming six rifle companies of two platoons each, and innovating 3-man "fire teams" as its basic unit.[4] Edson's battalion, however, more closely followed standard Marine Corps doctrine in training, organization, and discipline.


(http://www.mygen.com/images/James_Roosevelt_Carlson_Makin_Raid.jpg)
United States Marines of the Second Raider Battalion gather around officers (kneeling left to right) Lt. Col. Evans F. Carlson, Capt. M.C. Plumley, and Maj. James Roosevelt as they plan an attack during the Makin Island raid, one of America's earliest offensives in the Pacific during World War II.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Evans_Carlson
...

Friendship with the Roosevelts
Returning to the United States in 1933, Captain Carlson served as executive officer of the Marine Corps Detachment at President Roosevelt's alternative White House and vacation retreat at Warm Springs, Georgia where he became closely acquainted with President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his son James.

[edit] Second and third China tours
After his Warm Springs tour Carlson was posted to the 4th Marines in Shanghai. Shortly afterward he was transferred to the Marine Detachment, American Legation, Peiping, China, where he served as Adjutant and studied the Chinese language. In 1936, he returned to the United States via Japan. At home he served at Quantico while attending Marine Corps Schools, and studying International Law and Politics at George Washington University in Washington, D.C.

He went back to China for the third time in 1937 as an official student of the Chinese language and as a military observer with Chinese forces. There he was afforded the opportunity to learn the tactics of the Japanese soldier.

He met Edgar Snow in China and read Snow's Red Star Over China. This encounter led him to visit the Chinese communist troop headquarters in northern China, where he met Chinese Communist leaders such as Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai and Deng Xiaoping. Traveling thousands of miles through the interior of China with the communist guerrillas, often on foot and horseback over the most hazardous terrain, he lived under the same primitive conditions. He was impressed by the tactics used by Chinese Communist guerrillas to fight Japanese troops.

When he left China in 1938, he was commended by the Commander in Chief of the Asiatic Fleet for his services. He was so impressed with the danger of Japanese aggression in the Far East that in 1939 he resigned his commission as a captain in order to be free to write and lecture on that subject
...

Brigadier General Evans Fordyce Carlson (26 February 1896 – 27 May 1947) was the famed U.S. Marine Corps leader of the World War II "Carlson's Raiders". He is renowned for the "Makin Island raid" on August 17, 1942 and their "Long Patrol" (aka Carlson's patrol or Carlson's Raiders) from November 4, 1942 to December 4, 1942 behind Japanese lines on Guadalcanal, in which 488 Japanese were killed, 16 Raiders were killed and 18 wounded, during the Guadalcanal campaign. Carlson is also credited with first coining the term "Gung-ho" as it is most popularly used today.

http://www.cpaffc.org.cn/yszz/detaile.php?subid=778&id=337
Rewi Alley - Great New Zealander in China
...
In 1939, Rewi Alley paid two visits to Yan’an and met Chairman Mao Zedong four times. In his old age, he still remembered well that he was asked in particular to find ways and means for producing grenades to support General He Long’s troops fighting in the northwest. Earlier in Wuhan, Rewi Alley met with Communist leaders Zhou Enlai and Bo Gu, who made suggestions and expressed hopes for the development of Gung Ho. Wang Bingnan was sent to take part in several meetings held by Gung Ho in its initial period.

Rewi Alley’s mind was very much on the southeast area where the New Fourth Army was waging fierce battles with the Kuomintang armies. In early 1939, he took charge of the Gung Ho Southeast Headquarters personally, and in 1940 he was invited by the Snows to the Philippines to raise fund for the work of Gung Ho in the New Fourth Army area in particular.

Later, together with Evans Carlson, a former US marine officer and now representative of the US Committee for the Promotion of Chinese Industrial Cooperatives, visited and revisited the New Fourth Army area, where they met Communist leader Liu Shaoqi near the army headquarters.

After the outbreak of the Pacific War, Carlson wrote to President Roosevelt and won his approval for organizing the Raider Battalion known as Carlson’s Raiders of the US Marine Corps. Using Gung Ho as its battle cry, this special fighting force, with Roosevelt’s son and his own son in it, adopted the surprise-attack tactics of the Eighth Route Army and won splendid victories over the Japanese army on Makin Island and on Guadalcanal, making its name known throughout the United States.

(http://www.mygen.com/images/Edgar_Snow_Evans_Carlson_Philippines_1940.jpg)
Edgar Snow and Evans Carlson Phillippines 1940

http://www.corbisimages.com/stock-photo/rights-managed/BE002480/eleanor-roosevelt-visiting-colonel-carlson-at-naval/?ext=1
(http://www.mygen.com/images/Carlson_Jame_Roosevelt_2.jpg)
Eleanor Roosevelt Visiting Colonel Carlson at Naval Hospital
Original caption: Eleanor Roosevelt visits San Diego Naval Hospital. San Diego, Calif.... Mrs. Eleanor Roosevelt learns first-hand details of the Battle for Saipan from Lieut. Col. Evans F. Carlson, USMCR, famous Marine Raider leader, during her visit to the San Diego Naval Hospital. With her are Capt. Morton D. Willcutts (left), (MC) USN, and Col. James Roosevelt USMCR, who fought with Colonel Carlson on Makin.
IMAGE: © Bettmann/CORBIS DATE PHOTOGRAPHED July 20, 1944
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on May 31, 2011, 02:03:56 pm
Quote
Stephenson was soon a close adviser to Roosevelt, and suggested that he put Stephenson's good friend William J. "Wild Bill" Donovan in charge of all U.S. intelligence services.

Donovan founded the U.S. Office of Strategic Services (OSS), which in 1947 would become the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).


http://www.smokershistory.com/Donovan.htm
...
"Of such great influence was BSC's influence in the Roosevelt administration that in 1941 it was able to design an American intelligence counterpart, the United States Coordinator of Information, which became the Office of Strategic Services the next year. The COI/OSS was created in the 'image and likeness of British Security Coordination.' Although officially headed by William Donovan, Stephenson's assistant, Dick Ellis, did much of the day-to-day running of the security agency, which was staffed by many other British agents. Moreover, 'BSC passed on an attitude as much as it passed on specific technical skills. It passed on a way of looking at problems and an opnenness to possible solutions - no matter their legality or morality."
...

William J. Donovan / FBI FOIA file 1d (pdf)

"'Wild Bill' Donovan, the OSS chieftain, recruited many of the moles into the OSS. This was not by carelessness. R. Harris Smith, in his book OSS: The Secret History of America's First Central Intelligence Agency, revealed that Donovan worked with Communist Party leader Eugene Dennis to recruit OSS personnel from communist ranks. When confronted by the FBI with evidence that some of his men were Communist Party members, Donovan replied, 'I know they're Communists. That's why I hired them.'

Of course, when the CIA was organized in 1947, many of the OSS agents became CIA agents." (The C.I.A., skull and bones, and rewriting history. By Warren Mass. The New American, Feb. 19, 2007.)

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAdennisE.htm
(http://www.mygen.com/images/USAdennisP1.jpg)

Francis Xavier Waldron (he later changed his name to Eugene Dennis) was born in Seattle, Washington, on 10th August, 1905. He worked in various trades and was active in the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW).
...
The prosecution also used the testimony of former members of the American Communist Party to help show that Dennis and his fellow comrades had privately advocated the overthrow of the government. The most important witness against the leaders of the party was Louis Budenz, the former managing editor of the party's newspaper, The Daily Worker.

(http://www.mygen.com/images/USAdennis.jpg)
William Z. Foster, Benjamin Davis, Eugene Dennis, Henry Winston, John
Williamson and Jacob Stachel leaving the courthouse in New York (21st July, 1948)

  Donovan worked with Communist Party leader Eugene Dennis to recruit OSS personnel   (http://books.google.com/books?id=J6Cbjcvw354C&pg=PA296&lpg=PA296&dq=Eugene+Dennis+Donovan+recruit+communists&source=bl&ots=0luYUrfhGQ&sig=oYYwUaXJG7KqIa5d6VzwzdHgpeE&hl=en#v=onepage&q=Eugene%20Dennis%20Donovan%20recruit%20communists&f=false)

Wedge: from Pearl Harbor to 9/11 : how the secret war between the FBI and the CIA... By Mark Riebling (http://books.google.com/books?id=K3OV9_bbLx0C&pg=PA34&lpg=PA34&dq=Donovan+recruit+communists&source=bl&ots=zkxRsIGG24&sig=lFZ2mjxSMDahOn74R4O6Rb0mlzc&hl=en#v=onepage&q=Donovan%20recruit%20communists&f=false)

(http://www.mygen.com/images/Donovan_OSS_Communists.jpg)

FOIA - FBI - William Donovan:

http://vault.fbi.gov/William%20J%20Donovan
http://vault.fbi.gov/William%20J%20Donovan%20/William%20J%20Donovan%20Part%201%20of%207/view


http://www.dispatch.com/live/content/arts/stories/2011/02/27/fdrs007.html?sid=101
Fearless 'Wild Bill' Donovan ran wartime agency that evolved into CIA
Sunday, February 27, 2011  02:59 AM  By Jerry Harkavy

(http://www.mygen.com/images/2-book-donovan-art-givbnepm-110a-large-jpg-large.jpg)
William Donovan, center, conferring in Xi'an, China, on plans for the Office of Strategic Services during World War II
...
A hawkish conservative during the postwar years, Donovan became ambassador to Thailand, where his mission of stemming communist advances in Southeast Asia landed him in the emerging troubles of what, a decade or so later, became America's all-consuming quagmire, Vietnam.

http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/features/2011/03/wild-bill-donovan201103?currentPage=2
Spymaster General
...
Stephenson was, secretly, a spy for M.I.6, who went by the code name “Intrepid.” At some point Stephenson revealed his double life to Donovan—and implored him to join the fight against the Axis. On July 14, 1940, Donovan flew to London to meet Colonel Stewart Menzies, the chief of M.I.6, known to his fellow spies simply as “C.” Donovan met “C” at M.I.6 headquarters in an old Victorian manse on London’s Broadway, where the porters wore brass buttons engraved with the motto on the royal coat of arms, “Honi soit qui mal y pense” (“Evil be to him who evil thinks”). British intelligence should “bare their breast” to Donovan, Stephenson had cabled Menzies. Donovan was shown the inner workings of the British war effort and invited to dine with King George VI.
...
In his memoirs, Stephenson suggested that Donovan was in fact a British secret agent, recruited as early as World War I, but Stephenson was not above exaggeration. The official C.I.A. history of the O.S.S., unsurprisingly, rejects the charge. I asked William vanden Heuval, who as a young lawyer had worked closely with Donovan and knew him well, whether he thought Donovan had grown a little too close to Great Britain in 1940–41. Sitting in his Park Avenue office, vanden Heuval, 79, insisted that Donovan may have liked English clothes and manners, but he owed no fealty, secret or otherwise, to the British. “I don’t think he was an Anglophile,” said vanden Heuval. “He was Irish. He was an Irish warlord. He could command loyalty, like Bobby Kennedy,” for whom vanden Heuval also worked. “He wouldn’t ask others to do what he wouldn’t do and they knew it. He lived on the cusp of danger.”

(fyi - The "FitzGeralds (Sons of Gerald)"  are Welsh-Anglo-Norman's the conquerors of Ireland in 1169" )

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beekman_Place_(Manhattan)
(http://www.mygen.com/images/beekpl1en.jpg)
...the luxurious sixteen-story co-op at 1 Beekman, built in 1930 by a syndicate headed by David M. Milton, the son-in-law of John D. Rockefeller Jr.
Milton's wife, Abby, was called by The New York Times 'the wealthiest young woman in America.'...

Early tenants at 1 Beekman included the diplomat David K. E. Bruce, William J. Donovan - who founded the Office of Strategic Services, the forerunner of the CIA - the Miltons, and John D. Rockefeller III."  (http://www.thecityreview.com/sutton/beekman1.html)

Beekman Place is a small street located on the east side of Manhattan, New York City.
...
The British made their headquarters in the mansion for a time during the Revolutionary War and Nathan Hale was tried as a spy in the mansion's greenhouse and hanged in a nearby orchard. George Washington visited the house many times during his presidency.
...
One Beekman Place the 1929 co-op, designed by Sloan & Robertson and Corbett, Harrison & MacMurray, is "the most prestigious Beekman Place apartment building," according to Carter Horsley. It was built by a group headed by David Milton, husband of Abby Rockefeller and son-in-law of John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Early tenants here included "Wild Bill" Donovan of the OSS and John D. Rockefeller III and A&P Heir Huntington Hartford. Happy Rockefeller lived at One Beekman Place. It has a lavish tiled pool on the ground floor for the tenants and a basketball court and small ping pong table.

In the Movie Auntie Mame. Auntie Mame played by Rosalind Russell lives at Beekman Place. In the Movie Bonfire of the Vanities based on Tom Wolfe's book, the Mayor mentions Beekman Place. The Mayor in Bonfire of the Vanities says "They sit in their co-ops, Park Avenue, Fifth, Beekman Place, snug like a bug. Twelve-foot ceilings, a wing for them, one for the help".

(http://www.mygen.com/images/Col_David_Bruce_WWII.jpg)
OSS Col. David Bruce, later JFK's ambassador to the Court of St. James, and NANA newspaper correspondent Ernest Hemingway shortly before entering Paris and liberating the bar at the Hotel Ritz.  [Photo from the book OSS - by Smith]

Oh fyi - David Bruce was a Bilderburger - See: Bilderberger's in the Kennedy Administration    (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=145622.0)

(http://www.mygen.com/images/Hale_pants_IMG_6087.jpg) (http://sahallquist.files.wordpress.com/2008/09/hale.jpg)
“I only regret that I have but one life to give my country.”

Nathan Hale was born in Connecticut and attended Yale before becoming a schoolteacher...
He volunteered for an intelligence-gathering mission in New York City but was captured by the British.

According to a NY Historical Society plaque on the West side of Third Avenue between 65th and 66th Streets, Nathan Hale, the American Revolutionary war hero, was hanged by the British, “probably within a hundred yards of here.”  (http://www.uesjournal.com/2009/04/07/american-heros-last-words-and-execution-on-the-ues/)

(http://www.mygen.com/images/39777_1453906025188_1159415012_31178510_2371146_n-2.jpg)
One plaque is hidden away on Vanderbilt Avenue next to Grand Central. It is located on the façade of the Yale Club building, which of course, is apropos since Nathan was an alumni.

The other plaque is located on a building now that now houses a Banana Republic on 3rd Avenue and 65th Street. (http://newyork.untappedcities.com/2011/02/11/nathan-hale-banana-republic/?replytocom=647)

(http://www.mygen.com/images/yale_club_of_new_york_city.gif)The Yale Club of New York City, commonly called the Yale Club  (http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Yale_Club_of_New_York_City)

http://www.yaleclubnyc.org/Default.aspx?p=DynamicModule&pageid=271249&ssid=140906&vnf=1
(http://www.mygen.com/images/branding_pub_membership.jpg)
Just steps from Grand Central Station, The Yale Club of New York City was designed in 1915 by James Gamble Rogers, architect of Yale’s Sterling Memorial Library as well as the Harkness Quad and Tower ...impressive 22-story neoclassical clubhouse and 11,000 members,
The Yale Club of New York City is unquestionably the largest private club in the world. However, the minute you arrive at 50 Vanderbilt, and enter the first-floor lobby, you’ll be struck by the warm, welcoming intimacy of the place:
friendly faces and fresh-cut flowers everywhere, and comfortable spaces where you can re-energize, relax, and meet friends  er ... spies.

fyi... In Marathon man Roy Scheider plays a Yale/CIA guy and he gets together with his bro Dustin Hoffman at the Yale Club in NYC:
(http://www.mygen.com/users/ufo/images/BSC/B3UJp.jpg)

Venona: decoding Soviet espionage in America By John Earl Haynes, Harvey Klehr (http://books.google.com/books?id=M8p00bTFvRkC&pg=PA193&lpg=PA193&dq=Milton+Wolff+Donovan+communist&source=bl&ots=0ChZFNOLdS&sig=CaTOWvjiMNcCNtS2EVNrOlRVrbo&hl=en#v=onepage&q=Milton%20Wolff%20Donovan%20communist&f=false)

(http://www.mygen.com/images/Donovan_Communists.jpg)

(http://www.mygen.com/images/Donovan_Communists_2.jpg)

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/3869117/General-George-S.-Patton-was-assassinated-to-silence-his-criticism-of-allied-war-leaders-claims-new-book.html
...
The death of General Patton in December 1945, is one of the enduring mysteries of the war era. Although he had suffered serious injuries in a car crash in Manheim, he was thought to be recovering and was on the verge of flying home.

But after a decade-long investigation, military historian Robert Wilcox claims that OSS head General "Wild Bill" Donovan ordered a highly decorated marksman called Douglas Bazata to silence Patton, who gloried in the nickname "Old Blood and Guts".

His book, "Target Patton", contains interviews with Mr Bazata, who died in 1999, and extracts from his diaries, detailing how he staged the car crash by getting a troop truck to plough into Patton's Cadillac and then shot the general with a low-velocity projectile, which broke his neck while his fellow passengers escaped without a scratch.

Mr Bazata also suggested that when Patton began to recover from his injuries, US officials turned a blind eye as agents of the NKVD, the forerunner of the KGB, poisoned the general.
...

http://www.darkdemonscrygaia.com/showthread.php?t=10253&page=2
(http://i244.photobucket.com/albums/gg36/Shlichus13/sa123.png)

The founding fathers of the CIA William "Wild Bill" Donovan and Allen Dulles were knights, as were many other CIA hierarchy including Ronald Reagan’s director William Casey and JFK’s director John McCone.

In July 1944 Pope Pius XII awarded Donovan the 'Grand Cross of the Order of St. Sylvester', one of the oldest and most prestigious of papal knighthoods, and the highest Catholic award ever received by an American. Less than one hundred men have received this award throughout history.

Related: Secret report that shows how the Nazis planned a Fourth Reich ...in the EU (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=105124.msg1239616#msg1239616)

Patton and the missing and found Nazi gold:

http://www.channel4.com/history/microsites/H/history/i-m/lastdays3.html
...
On 3 February 1945, 937 B-17 bombers of the US 8th Air Force dropped nearly 2,300 tons of bombs on Berlin, causing the near demolition of the Reichsbank, including its presses for printing currency.

Following the raid, Walter Funk, president of the Reichsbank, decided to send most of the gold reserves, worth some $238 million, and a large quantity of the monetary reserves to Wintershal AG's Kaiseroda potassium mine at the village of Merkers, about 200 miles south-west of Berlin, for safekeeping.
...
The chief of staff of General Dwight D Eisenhower, the Allied commander, would later estimate that the value of the gold, silver, and currency was over $520 million.

Patton, Eisenhower and Bradley
On 12 April [1945], the mine and its treasure were visited by Patton, Eisenhower and General Omar Bradley, commander of the US 12th Army Group.

[Oh and Patton would be dead by December 21 1945... ]

(http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/518Iux9f7rL._BO2,204,203,200_PIsitb-sticker-arrow-click,TopRight,35,-76_AA300_SH20_OU01_.jpg)Target: Patton: The Plot to Assassinate General George S. Patton - Robert K. Wilcox   (http://www.amazon.com/Target-Patton-Assassinate-General-George/dp/1596985798)

 Target Patton  (http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/3869117/General-George-S.-Patton-was-assassinated-to-silence-his-criticism-of-allied-war-leaders-claims-new-book.html)
General George S. Patton was assassinated to silence his criticism of allied war leaders claims new book

George S. Patton, America's greatest combat general of the Second World War, was assassinated after the conflict with the connivance of US leaders, according to a new book. 

By Tim Shipman in Washington 7:16PM GMT 20 Dec 2008

The newly unearthed diaries of a colourful assassin for the wartime Office of Strategic Services (OSS), the forerunner of the CIA, reveal that American spy chiefs wanted Patton dead because he was threatening to expose allied collusion with the Russians that cost American lives.
....
His book, "Target Patton", contains interviews with Mr Bazata, who died in 1999, and extracts from his diaries, detailing how he staged the car crash by getting a troop truck to plough into Patton's Cadillac and then shot the general with a low-velocity projectile, which broke his neck while his fellow passengers escaped without a scratch.

Mr Bazata also suggested that when Patton began to recover from his injuries, US officials turned a blind eye as agents of the NKVD, the forerunner of the KGB, poisoned the general.

Mr Wilcox told The Sunday Telegraph that when he spoke to Mr Bazata: "He was struggling with himself, all these killings he had done. He confessed to me that he had caused the accident, that he was ordered to do so by Wild Bill Donovan.

"Donovan told him: 'We've got a terrible situation with this great patriot, he's out of control and we must save him from himself and from ruining everything the allies have done.' I believe Douglas Bazata. He's a sterling guy."

Mr Bazata led an extraordinary life. He was a member of the Jedburghs, the elite unit who parachuted into France to help organise the Resistance in the run up to D-Day in 1944. He earned four purple hearts, a Distinguished Service Cross and the French Croix de Guerre three times over for his efforts.

After the war he became a celebrated artist who enjoyed the patronage of Princess Grace of Monaco and the Duke and Duchess of Windsor.
He was friends with Salvador Dali, who painted a portrait of Bazata as Don Quixote.

He ended his career as an aide to President Ronald Reagan's Navy Secretary John Lehman, a member of the 9/11 Commission and adviser to John McCain's presidential campaign.

Mr Wilcox also tracked down and interviewed Stephen Skubik, an officer in the Counter-Intelligence Corps of the US Army, who said he learnt that Patton was on Stalin's death list. Skubik repeatedly alerted Donovan, who simply had him sent back to the US.

"You have two strong witnesses here," Mr Wilcox said. "The evidence is that the Russians finished the job."

The scenario sounds far fetched but Mr Wilcox has assembled a compelling case that US officials had something to hide. At least five documents relating to the car accident have been removed from US archives.

The driver of the truck was whisked away to London before he could be questioned and no autopsy was performed on Patton's body.

With the help of a Cadillac expert from Detroit, Mr Wilcox has proved that the car on display in the Patton museum at Fort Knox is not the one Patton was driving.
"That is a cover-up," Mr Wilcox said.


George Patton, a dynamic controversialist who wore pearl handled revolvers on each hip and was the subject of an Oscar winning film starring George C. Scott, commanded the US 3rd Army, which cut a swathe through France after D-Day.

But his ambition to get to Berlin before Soviet forces was thwarted by supreme allied commander Dwight D. Eisenhower, who gave Patton's petrol supplies to the more cautious British General Bernard Montgomery.

Patton, who distrusted the Russians, believed Eisenhower wrongly prevented him closing the so-called Falaise Gap in the autumn of 1944, allowing hundreds of thousands of German troops to escape to fight again,. This led to the deaths of thousands of Americans during their winter counter-offensive that became known as the Battle of the Bulge.

In order to placate Stalin, the 3rd Army was also ordered to a halt as it reached the German border and was prevented from seizing either Berlin or Prague, moves that could have prevented Soviet domination of Eastern Europe after the war.

Mr Wilcox told The Sunday Telegraph: "Patton was going to resign from the Army. He wanted to go to war with the Russians. The administration thought he was nuts.

"He also knew secrets of the war which would have ruined careers.

I don't think Dwight Eisenhower would ever have been elected president if Patton had lived to say the things he wanted to say." Mr Wilcox added: "I think there's enough evidence here that if I were to go to a grand jury I could probably get an indictment, but perhaps not a conviction."

Charles Province, President of the George S. Patton Historical Society, said he hopes the book will lead to definitive proof of the plot being uncovered. He said: "There were a lot of people who were pretty damn glad that Patton died. He was going to really open the door on a lot of things that they screwed up over there."



 The Rising Beast By Gerald Flurry

What has happened in former Yugoslavia over the past several years reaches far beyond the boundaries of that region. It is so shocking that the nations of this world would be paralyzed with fear if they truly understood! Shamefully, America is its chief architect.
pps.28-31pdf
Published in the book "The Rising Beast Germany in the Balkans" by Gerald Flurry

SUBJECT: Plans of German industrialists to engage in underground activity after Germany’s defeat; flow of capital to neutral countries.  (http://www.thetrumpet.com/?page=book&b=40)


Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on June 01, 2011, 10:39:14 am
related thread: General Patton Asassinated To Keep Him Quiet  (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=76214)

Quote
Bazata - He ended his career as an aide to President Ronald Reagan's Navy Secretary John Lehman, a member of the 9/11 Commission and adviser to John McCain's presidential campaign.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Lehman

John F. Lehman, Jr. (born September 14, 1942) is an American investment banker and writer who served as Secretary of the Navy in the Reagan administration and in 2003-4 was a member of the 9/11 Commission.

He was also involved in the Project for the New American Century, that claimed the absence of a "catastrophic and catalyzing event - like a new Pearl Harbor" in the document "Rebuilding America´s Defenses", which was released in September 2000. His most famous quote according to NNDB is: "Power corrupts. Absolute power is kind of neat."

related see above Target Patton - Douglas DeWitt Bazata Obit 1999

http://www.nytimes.com/1999/08/22/world/douglas-dewitt-bazata-artist-and-oss-officer-dies-at-88.html
Douglas DeWitt Bazata, Artist And O.S.S. Officer, Dies at 88
By ERIC PACE
Published: August 22, 1999

Douglas DeWitt Bazata, who served with the United States Office of Strategic Services behind enemy lines in France in World War II and later became an artist, died on July 14 in his home in Chevy Chase, Md. He was 88.

The death of Mr. Bazata was belatedly reported to The New York Times.

He was described as ''a red-haired soldier of fortune who called all colonels 'Sugar' '' in a 1978 book, ''Honorable Men,'' by William E. Colby, a former Director of Central Intelligence, and Peter Forbath.

Mr. Bazata had already served in the Marines and was a skilled boxer and marksman when he became an Army officer in 1942 and also joined the O.S.S., the forerunner of the Central Intelligence Agency.

He went on to be one of a daring group of about 50 American parachute officers who volunteered for what Mr. Colby described as ''a highly hazardous mission'' in Nazi-occupied France, Belgium and the Netherlands.

Other members of the group included Stewart Alsop, later a noted journalist, and Mr. Colby.

http://www.robertkwilcox.com/article-patton2010.html
WAS GEN. PATTON ASSASSINATED?CONTROVERSY
By Robert K. Wilcox:
...

Douglas Bazata was the first of these two witnesses to go public. An Office of Strategic Services (OSS) “Jedburgh” in World War II, the forerunners of US Special Forces, he claimed that as an OSS assassin, he was asked to kill Patton by OSS chief Gen. William“Wild Bill” Donovan. The order was the culmination of a long-running plot during the war that had started as a non-lethal “stop Patton” plan. Later, in interviews with me, he enlarged that scenario, claiming that he, along with an NKVD (Russian military intelligence) accomplice, set up the December 9 “accident,” and that others – he believed the Soviets – had completed the task in the hospital.

                       It is not well known except amongst certain historians that Donovan forged a cooperating alliance between the OSS and NKVD, beginning in 1943. And despite the fact that he was sometimes played for a fool by the Russians, whose spies already riddled the OSS (and therefore the NKVD did not need the cooperation), he continued working with them throughout the war and after.

                       The other witness was Stephen J. Skubik, a Counter Intelligence Corps (CIC) agent attached until war’s end to Patton’s armies. Afterward he continued working as a CIC agent among Soviet-dominated Ukrainians whom, he said, warned him that Stalin had put Patton on an NKVD hit list.

Skubik, who wrote a privately-printed book entitled, The Murder of General Patton, claimed three top Ukrainians – Gen. Pavlo Shandruk, Prof. Roman Smal-Stocki, and the Ukrainian nationalist leader Stepan Bandera – each separately warned him that Patton was marked for murder. But when he reported the plot to Wild Bill Donovan himself, instead of being grateful, Donovan had him jailed. Following Patton’s death, Skubik was forced to flee Germany for fear of being murdered himself. For several years he lived in hiding in America.

                       These two witnesses are highly credible. Their stories mesh without either having known about the other. Bazata, who left the army as a major, was one of the most decorated Jedburghs, having jumped into, among other harrowing missions, Nazi-occupied France to help organize local resistance in preparation for D-Day. He spent 25 years after WWII in Europe as a clandestine, was a good friend of fellow Jedburgh and ex-CIA director William Colby, and ended his career as an aide to Secretary of the Navy John Lehman during the Reagan Administration.

                       Skubik, after emerging from hiding, rose to a top managerial position in the Prudential Insurance Company in Washington D.C., and aided Republican presidents from Eisenhower through Reagan as an expert on Eastern European affairs. I vetted both men extensively through secret documents at places like the National Archives and through interviews with those who knew them. They both died in the 1990s. But if this case were ever brought to a grand jury, their preserved testimony, I believe, would be enough to get an indictment.

                       Even without such testimony, Patton’s death remains an unsolved mystery. In the months before he died, for instance, he was involved in at least two other highly suspicious accidents.

                       On May 3, 1945, Patton was almost decapitated when a farmer’s wagon with some sort of scythe-like instrument protruding from it suddenly rolled out unattended from a side street towards his passing jeep and “missed us only by about an inch,” he wrote in his diary.

                       The other “accident,” just a few weeks before, on April 10, 1945, is even more suspicious. Patton was visiting units in his light observation plane when four Polish Spitfires supposedly mistook his tiny aircraft for a Nazi fighter and attacked it. While three circled and acted almost as lookouts, the fourth Spitfire made repeated attacks. If not for the ground hugging and evasion skills of Patton’s pilot, the general surely would have been killed. As it was, the attacking Spitfire couldn’t pull up after one of its steep diving attacks and crashed. The Russians by that time controlled Poland. Patton was livid, and an aide accompanying him in the plane vowed to find out what happened. But to this day, there is scant information about the attack beyond what both wrote in their diaries.

http://www.specialforcesroh.com/browse.php?mode=viewawards&sort=n&catid=42&page=1
JEDBURGH - Jedburgh Teams (BCRA,OSS,SOE)
Douglas DeWitt (Doug) Bazata
OSS Jedburgh Team Cedric

Distinguished Service Cross,Croix de Guerre with 2 palmes (Fr),Croix de Guerres with gold star (Fr),Purple Heart

born 17.2.1911 Wrightsville,Pennsylvania
educated Syracuse University
USMC 1933-37
commissioned US Army 1942
codename Vesdre
WIA 1944

left Army 1947 as Major
married Diana Chirieleison 1943 (divorced)
married Penelope Grant 1948 (divorced)
married Marie-Pierre 1970
father of Nicholas of Northumberland,England
artist postwar
died 14.7.1999 Chevy Chase,Maryland
Arlington National Cemetery,Virginia Section 66 Site 793

(http://www.mygen.com/images/tb_file9273.jpg) Colby
William Egan (Bill) Colby - for biography see OSS Awards

OSS Jedburgh Team Bruce

The Jedburghs: The Secret History of the Allied Special Forces, France 1944 [Hardcover] Will Irwin (http://www.amazon.com/Jedburghs-Secret-History-Allied-Special/dp/1586483072)

http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/oss/
OSS Training in the National Parks and Service Abroad in World War II

By John Whiteclay Chambers II 2008
U.S. National Park Service
Washington, D.C.

http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/oss/chap8.pdf
OSS in Action: The Mediterranean and European Theaters
OSS casualties in France

Of the 83 American Jedburghs, 5 were killed in action, 6 percent, almost double the 3 ½ percent overall death rate; 3 were missing or captured; and 6 were wounded
...
Captain Douglas (“Doug”) DeWitt Bazata, head of Team Cedric in eastern France was badly wounded in action
...
Major William E. Colby, who would later become head of the CIA under Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford, was an “Army Brat,” born in St. Paul, Minnesota, and raised at military facilities around the world, including China. On a
scholarship, he went to Princeton University, spent a summer in France, and obtained a commission through Army ROTC. He had just finished his first year at Columbia Law School, when he was called to active duty in 1941. Bored with the field artillery, he joined the paratroops, from which OSS recruited him in September 1943. By December, the 23-year-old paratroop officer had completed SO training at Areas F and B and was bound for England as a Jedburgh.151 The youthful, scholarly looking major was assigned to head Jed Team “Bruce” with two French soldiers. Their mission was to aid the French Resistance in the Yonne Valley some sixty miles southeast of Paris.

Instead of being dropped into a rural area, the plane on a mid-August night, dropped them right into the
center of a German-occupied town. The falling supply containers woke up the townspeople as well as the Germans, and the Jedburgh team had to dodge patrols for two days until they were able to reach the maquis. Although it was later discovered that the local Resistance had been run by a collaborator working with the Germans, by August
1944, Colby realized the Nazis would be defeated and he did not endanger the Jeds.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on June 03, 2011, 11:46:41 am
Douglas DeWitt Bazata - After the war he became a celebrated artist who enjoyed the patronage of Princess Grace of Monaco and the Duke and Duchess of Windsor

Remember the Duke and Duchess of Windsor were Nazi's....
(http://www.mygen.com/images/duke-and-duchess-of-windsor-with-adolph-hitler.jpg)

The Nazi Gold Patton found (there was more):
(http://www.mygen.com/images/Nazi_Gold_1945.jpg)

Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on November 14, 2011, 01:51:46 pm
http://www.warbirdforum.com/roster6.htm
Roster of the 2nd AVG

The 2nd AVG was a bomber group, authorized by President Roosevelt and recruited by Bill Pawley's Central Aircraft Manufacturing Company in the fall of 1941.

CAMCO hired 82 pilots and 359 ground crew (almost certainly including air crew) who were duly discharged from the U.S. Army in November 1941. Lockheed outfitted 33 Hudson bombers--really little more than a militarized version of the Lockheed Super Electra transport, complete with the passenger windows--with long-range fuel tanks so they could fly across the Pacific; they were to have been used for "occasional incendiary bombing of Japan". The same number of Douglas Boston light bombers (A-20s in U.S. service) would travel by sea to Africa, and there be assembled for the flight overland through India to China.

A considerable group sailed from California on November 21 aboard Bloemfontein and possibly Noordam, which had earlier carried men of the 1st AVG to Burma. Sergeants Charland, Zimmerman, and Brogden, plus the adaptible "Jimmy" Stewart, must have been among them.

Following the Japanese breakout on December 7/8, the ships were diverted to Australia, where Bloemfontein docked on December 22, and where the army men were eventually taken back into U.S. service. Their Douglas and Lockheed bombers were likewise re-inducted, as were the men who hadn't yet sailed for Asia. I'm seeking the names of those with a connection with the 2nd AVG. If you know of any such, please send email. And click here for more about the 2nd AVG.

[ It is interesting - I just saw "God is my co-pilot" where in the movie the speak about the AVG getting bombers to be used in bombing Japan but the context was after Pearl Harbor (stating the Philippine air bases were already lost). in the movie they get the bombers and use them to bomb Japanese controlled Hong Kong.  ]


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flying_Tigers
...
One of the pilots drawn to the success of the AVG was Robert Lee Scott, Jr. who was flying supplies into Kunming over the Hump from India. He convinced Chennault to loan him a P-40 which he flew to protect the supply route; his aggressiveness led to Chennault's recruiting him as commander of the 23rd Fighter Group. Scott brought recognition to his exploits and the Flying Tigers with his best selling book God is My Co-pilot that was also made into a popular movie.

 God is My Co-pilot, (1943, with Dennis Morgan as Robert Lee Scott, Raymond Massey as Chennault, and John Ridgely as Tex Hill);

http://www.warbirdforum.com/fdrnote.htm
FDR's 'secret order'

The Flying Tiger romances all speak of a "secret executive order" supposedly signed by President Roosevelt to create the American Volunteer Group. No such order has ever surfaced, and Roosevelt historians agree that it wouldn't have been his style: he preferred to give a wink and a nod, and to leave the details to his subordinates-- Lauchlin Currie , in this case.

This is the closest I could come: notes written at Currie's request to direct the armed forces to release men for the 2nd and 3rd AVG, a bomber group and a fighter group, respectively. Since the navy was particularly reluctant to release men in 1941, Currie worked out a plan whereby the 2nd AVG would be recruited entirely from the U.S. Army in the fall of 1941, and the 3rd--a fighter group equipped with P-43 Lancers and P-66 Vanguards--from the navy starting in January. Below is FDR's directive to the Secretary of the Navy with respect to the 3rd AVG:

[ this is "Roosevelt adviser and NKVD agent Lauchlin Currie" mentioned in previous posts ! ]

(http://www.mygen.com/images/fdrnote.jpg)

[Supplied by Alan Armstrong. Another copy is in the Roosevelt Library at Hyde Park, New York.]

|- - - -  -

update:

http://www.warbirdforum.com/b25s.htm
...

[Bob Klemann graduated from flight training with Class 41B at Randolph/Kelly Field, Texas.

He was sent to McChord Field to train as a bomber pilot.

In September 1941 he was recruited for the 2nd American Volunteer Group, to fly Lockheed Hudson bombers attacking Japanese positions in China and perhaps to bomb the Japanese home islands.

In December he was flying from Sacramento to San Francisco to sail to the Far East when he heard about the Pearl Harbor attack on the plane's radio. The 2nd AVG was aborted and he returned to U.S. service. -- Dan Ford]

Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: ekimdrachir on November 14, 2011, 07:31:49 pm
Bump
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on November 15, 2011, 01:25:19 pm
Again we see that FDR had intentions of attacking Japan in Dec41/January 1942 under the China flag - but the orders were broadcasted to Russian agents ( via NKVD agent Lauchlin Currie  ) that told the Japanese (via spies in China and the IPR ) and cemented their intentions to attack Pearl Harbor, beating the U.S. to the punch.

[ Again Hitler's plan was for the Japanese to attack the U.S.S.R. and the soviet spies job was to direct them elsewhere.... ]

http://www.warbirdforum.com/b25s.htm
...
[Bob Klemann graduated from flight training with Class 41B at Randolph/Kelly Field, Texas.

He was sent to McChord Field to train as a bomber pilot.

In September 1941 he was recruited for the 2nd American Volunteer Group, to fly Lockheed Hudson bombers attacking Japanese positions in China and perhaps to bomb the Japanese home islands.

In December he was flying from Sacramento to San Francisco to sail to the Far East when he heard about the Pearl Harbor attack on the plane's radio. The 2nd AVG was aborted and he returned to U.S. service. -- Dan Ford]

Preemptive strike: the secret plan that would have prevented the attack on Pearl Harbor. By Alan Armstrong 2006 (http://books.google.com/books?id=45ilPaG1NHoC&pg=PA196&lpg=PA196&dq=Lockheed+Hudson+bomber+CAMCO&source=bl&ots=wgWN_TiTGE&sig=bT0zYmb9imIm4wWoLajFakVVz8U&hl=en#v=onepage&q&f=false)

(http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/51B9NJ8CNQL._SS500_.jpg)
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 07, 2011, 11:32:33 am
bump for Dec 7 ...
Title: 70 Years of Lying About Pearl Harbor
Post by: Mr Grinch on December 07, 2011, 05:49:59 pm
By: David Swanson Sunday December 4, 2011 9:10 pm

70 Years of Lying About Pearl Harbor
   

British Prime Minister Winston Churchill's fervent hope for years was that Japan would attack the United States. This would permit the United States (not legally, but politically) to fully enter World War II in Europe, as its president wanted to do, as opposed to merely providing weaponry and assisting in targeting of submarines as it had been doing. Of course, Germany's declaration of war, which followed Pearl Harbor and the immediate U.S. declaration of war on Japan, helped as well, but it was Pearl Harbor that radically converted the American people from opposition to support for war.

President Franklin Delano Roosevelt had tried lying to the American people about U.S. ships including the Greer and the Kerny, which had been helping British planes track German submarines, but which Roosevelt pretended had been innocently attacked. Roosevelt also lied that he had in his possession a secret Nazi map planning the conquest of South America, as well as a secret Nazi plan for replacing all religions with Nazism. And yet, the people of the United States didn't buy the idea of going into another war until Pearl Harbor, by which point Roosevelt had already instituted the draft, activated the National Guard, created a huge Navy in two oceans, traded old destroyers to England in exchange for the lease of its bases in the Caribbean and Bermuda, and — just 11 days before the "unexpected" attack — he had secretly ordered the creation of a list of every Japanese and Japanese-American person in the United States.

(http://warisacrime.org/sites/afterdowningstreet.org/files/images/pearl1.jpg)



On April 28, 1941, Churchill wrote a secret directive to his war cabinet:

"It may be taken as almost certain that the entry of Japan into the war would be followed by the immediate entry of the United States on our side."

On May 11, 1941, Robert Menzies, the prime minister of Australia, met with Roosevelt and found him "a little jealous" of Churchill's place in the center of the war. While Roosevelt's cabinet all wanted the United States to enter the war, Menzies found that Roosevelt,

    " . . . trained under Woodrow Wilson in the last war, waits for an incident, which would in one blow get the USA into war and get R. out of his foolish election pledges that 'I will keep you out of war.'"

On August 18, 1941, Churchill met with his cabinet at 10 Downing Street. The meeting had some similarity to the July 23, 2002, meeting at the same address, the minutes of which became known as the Downing Street Minutes. Both meetings revealed secret U.S. intentions to go to war. In the 1941 meeting, Churchill told his cabinet, according to the minutes: "The President had said he would wage war but not declare it." In addition, "Everything was to be done to force an incident."

Japan was certainly not averse to attacking others and had been busy creating an Asian empire. And the United States and Japan were certainly not living in harmonious friendship. But what could bring the Japanese to attack?

When President Franklin Roosevelt visited Pearl Harbor on July 28, 1934, seven years before the Japanese attack, the Japanese military expressed apprehension. General Kunishiga Tanaka wrote in the Japan Advertiser, objecting to the build-up of the American fleet and the creation of additional bases in Alaska and the Aleutian Islands:

    "Such insolent behavior makes us most suspicious. It makes us think a major disturbance is purposely being encouraged in the Pacific. This is greatly regretted."

Whether it was actually regretted or not is a separate question from whether this was a typical and predictable response to military expansionism, even when done in the name of "defense." The great unembedded (as we would today call him) journalist George Seldes was suspicious as well. In October 1934 he wrote in Harper's Magazine: "It is an axiom that nations do not arm for war but for a war." Seldes asked an official at the Navy League:

    "Do you accept the naval axiom that you prepare to fight a specific navy?"
    The man replied "Yes."
    "Do you contemplate a fight with the British navy?"
    "Absolutely, no."
    "Do you contemplate war with Japan?"
    "Yes."

In 1935 the most decorated U.S. Marine in history at the time, Brigadier General Smedley D. Butler, published to enormous success a short book called War Is a Racket. He saw perfectly well what was coming and warned the nation:

    "At each session of Congress the question of further naval appropriations comes up. The swivel-chair admirals don't shout that 'We need lots of battleships to war on this nation or that nation.' Oh, no. First of all, they let it be known that America is menaced by a great naval power. Almost any day, these admirals will tell you, the great fleet of this supposed enemy will strike suddenly and annihilate our 125,000,000 people. Just like that. Then they begin to cry for a larger navy. For what? To fight the enemy? Oh my, no. Oh, no. For defense purposes only. Then, incidentally, they announce maneuvers in the Pacific. For defense. Uh, huh.

    "The Pacific is a great big ocean. We have a tremendous coastline in the Pacific. Will the maneuvers be off the coast, two or three hundred miles? Oh, no. The maneuvers will be two thousand, yes, perhaps even thirty-five hundred miles, off the coast.

    "The Japanese, a proud people, of course will be pleased beyond expression to see the United States fleet so close to Nippon's shores. Even as pleased as would be the residents of California were they to dimly discern, through the morning mist, the Japanese fleet playing at war games off Los Angeles."

In March 1935, Roosevelt bestowed Wake Island on the U.S. Navy and gave Pan Am Airways a permit to build runways on Wake Island, Midway Island, and Guam. Japanese military commanders announced that they were disturbed and viewed these runways as a threat. So did peace activists in the United States. By the next month, Roosevelt had planned war games and maneuvers near the Aleutian Islands and Midway Island. By the following month, peace activists were marching in New York advocating friendship with Japan. Norman Thomas wrote in 1935:

    "The Man from Mars who saw how men suffered in the last war and how frantically they are preparing for the next war, which they know will be worse, would come to the conclusion that he was looking at the denizens of a lunatic asylum."


(http://warisacrime.org/sites/afterdowningstreet.org/files/images/pearl2.jpg)


The U.S. Navy spent the next few years working up plans for war with Japan, the March 8, 1939, version of which described "an offensive war of long duration" that would destroy the military and disrupt the economic life of Japan. In January 1941, eleven months before the attack, the Japan Advertiser expressed its outrage over Pearl Harbor in an editorial, and the U.S. ambassador to Japan wrote in his diary:

    "There is a lot of talk around town to the effect that the Japanese, in case of a break with the United States, are planning to go all out in a surprise mass attack on Pearl Harbor. Of course I informed my government."

On February 5, 1941, Rear Admiral Richmond Kelly Turner wrote to Secretary of War Henry Stimson to warn of the possibility of a surprise attack at Pearl Harbor.

As early as 1932 the United States had been talking with China about providing airplanes, pilots, and training for its war with Japan. In November 1940, Roosevelt loaned China one hundred million dollars for war with Japan, and after consulting with the British, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau made plans to send the Chinese bombers with U.S. crews to use in bombing Tokyo and other Japanese cities. On December 21, 1940, two weeks shy of a year before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, China's Minister of Finance T.V. Soong and Colonel Claire Chennault, a retired U.S. Army flier who was working for the Chinese and had been urging them to use American pilots to bomb Tokyo since at least 1937, met in Henry Morgenthau's dining room to plan the firebombing of Japan. Morgenthau said he could get men released from duty in the U.S. Army Air Corps if the Chinese could pay them $1,000 per month. Soong agreed.

On May 24, 1941, the New York Times reported on U.S. training of the Chinese air force, and the provision of "numerous fighting and bombing planes" to China by the United States. "Bombing of Japanese Cities is Expected" read the subheadline. By July, the Joint Army-Navy Board had approved a plan called JB 355 to firebomb Japan. A front corporation would buy American planes to be flown by American volunteers trained by Chennault and paid by another front group. Roosevelt approved, and his China expert Lauchlin Currie, in the words of Nicholson Baker, "wired Madame Chaing Kai-Shek and Claire Chennault a letter that fairly begged for interception by Japanese spies." Whether or not that was the entire point, this was the letter:

    "I am very happy to be able to report today the President directed that sixty-six bombers be made available to China this year with twenty-four to be delivered immediately. He also approved a Chinese pilot training program here. Details through normal channels. Warm regards."

Our ambassador had said "in case of a break with the United States" the Japanese would bomb Pearl Harbor. I wonder if this qualified!

The 1st American Volunteer Group (AVG) of the Chinese Air Force, also known as the Flying Tigers, moved ahead with recruitment and training immediately, were provided to China prior to Pearl Harbor, and first saw combat on December 20, 1941, twelve days (local time) after the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor.

On May 31, 1941, at the Keep America Out of War Congress, William Henry Chamberlin gave a dire warning: "A total economic boycott of Japan, the stoppage of oil shipments for instance, would push Japan into the arms of the Axis. Economic war would be a prelude to naval and military war." The worst thing about peace advocates is how many times they turn out to be right. ............continued at length...

http://www.democraticunderground.com/discuss/duboard.php?az=view_all&address=125x325622

http://my.firedoglake.com/davidswanson/
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 13, 2011, 01:13:20 pm
More Soviet spies - The Silvermaster Group -Duncan Chaplin Lee - which connects Currie to Donovan and China...

He becomes AIG's lawyer....


http://education-research.org/CSR/Holdings/Soviet/NKVD.htm

335-page report on information furnished by Elizabeth Bentley (“Gregory”) and follow-up through FBI surveillance concerning the Silvermaster Group, (Lauchlin Currie, Harry Dexter White, etc.), the Perlo Group (Alger Hiss, etc.), and others. Discusses contacts of Mary Jane Keeney with Joseph Bernstein, David Wahl, Maurice Halperin, etc. Also includes intel on H. Bowen Smith, Duncan Lee, Ruth Rifkin, Cedric Belfrage, Bernard Redmont, Peter Rhodes, et al. Table of contents refers to some 56 principal suspects; index relates to hundreds of other people. (Also appears as Volume 82 of the Silvermaster file.)


The Silvermaster Group

Nathan Gregory Silvermaster
Helen Witte Silvermaster, was
Schlomer Adler, was
Norman Chandler Bursler
Virginius Frank Coe
Lauchlin Bernard Currie
Bela Gold, was
Sonie Steinman Gold, was
Irving Kaplan
Abraham George Silverman
William Henry Taylor
William Ludwig Ullman
Anatole Boris Volkov
Harry Dexter White

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FBI_Silvermaster_File

The FBI’s Silvermaster file[1] is a 162-volume compendium of some 26,000 pages of documents relating to the Bureau’s investigation of Communist penetration of the Federal government during the Cold War.

Beginning in 1945 with the allegations of defecting Soviet courier Elizabeth Bentley (Venona cover names “Myrna”[2]; Umnitsa, “Clever Girl”[3]), the file is also known as the Bentley file or Gregory file (“Gregory” being the FBI’s code name for Bentley).

The file takes the name “Silvermaster” from Nathan Gregory Silvermaster (Venona cover names Pel[4], Pal, “Paul”[5]; “Robert”[6]) of the War Production Board, whom Bentley named as head of an underground Communist network known as the Silvermaster Group.[7]

Among the people named in the file in connection with this group are President Franklin Roosevelt’s Administrative Assistant Lauchlin Currie[8] (Currie's Venona cover name was "Page")[9] and Assistant Secretary of the Treasury Harry Dexter White[10] (Venona cover names “Lawyer”[11]; “Jurist”[9]; “Richard”[12]).

Also named in the file are Victor Perlo[13] (Venona cover name “Raider”[14]), chief of the Aviation Section of the War Production Board, and contacts of his Perlo group, including Alger Hiss[15] (Venona cover name “Ales”[16][17][18]), secretary general of the United Nations Charter Conference. (Like several others identified by Bentley, Hiss had been identified independently by another defecting Soviet courier, Whittaker Chambers, to Assistant Secretary of State Adolf Berle in 1939.[19]) Among dozens of others named by Bentley in this file in connection with this network is Duncan Lee[20] (Venona cover name “Koch”[21]), confidential assistant to William Donovan, founder and director of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), wartime predecessor of the CIA.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duncan_Lee

Lt. Col. Duncan Chaplin Lee (died 1988) was confidential assistant to Maj. Gen. William ("Wild Bill") Donovan, founder and director of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), World War II-era predecessor of the CIA, during 1942-46. Lee is identified in Venona as the Soviet double agent operating inside OSS under the cover name "Koch,"[1] making him the most senior alleged source the Soviet Union ever had inside American intelligence.

As an OSS officer, Lee served as head of the China section of SI, the Secret Intelligence Branch.[2] While an officer, according to Soviet courier Elizabeth Bentley, Lee -- reportedly a descendant of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee[3] -- covertly furnished her with information on “anti-Soviet work by OSS” and other topics of interest to Moscow,[4] which was technically an ally (in Europe) following the collapse of the Nazi-Soviet pact. As Bentley told the FBI when she defected in 1945, she transferred this information to her Soviet handlers
...
Lee, a former Rhodes scholar who attended Oxford University with fellow OSS staffer Donald Niven Wheeler (identified in Venona as the Soviet agent operating in OSS under cover name "Izra"[7])
...
A 1944 Venona decrypt confirms that Lee tipped off Bentley about Donovan sending him on a secret mission to China
...
Lee went on to have a successful career as a lawyer in the private sector[21]. Lee continued to represent clients such as Claire Chennault and Whiting Willaurer.

In 1949, following the fall of China to the communists, Lee represented a CIA-front company in the Hong Kong and UK courts in a successful effort to keep a large fleet of transport aircraft in Hong Kong, once owned by the Nationalist Chinese government, from being turned over to the new communist Chinese regime after its recognition by the British.[22]

Lee joined insurance giant American International Group in 1953, rising to serve as AIG’s chief in-house lawyer in New York City prior to his retirement in 1974[23]. He subsequently moved to Toronto with his Canadian wife, Frances Lee Smith, where he died in 1988[24].

http://www.conservapedia.com/Duncan_Lee

Duncan Chaplin Lee was a descendant of Confederate General Robert E. Lee and a Rhodes Scholar. Lee attended college with Donald Wheeler. In the early summer of 1942 Lee was appointed confidential assistant to William J. Donovan, chief of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS). Lee became the NKVD’s most senior source in American intelligence.

Lee was employed in the OSS from 1942 to 1946.

A Venona decrypt from June 1943 lists six Soviet agents working in the OSS and the Office of War Information; five of the Soviet sources have been identified, Maurice Halperin, Franz Neumann, Bella Joseph, Julius Joseph, and Duncan Lee.

Lee supplied the Soviet Union with a list of OSS employees suspected of being Communists or Communist sympathizers and informed Moscow of the impending D-Day invasion in 1944 and operations in China and Japan.

Decoded Soviet intelligence cables show Lee reporting on British and American diplomatic strategy for negotiating with Stalin over postwar Poland, American diplomatic activities in Turkey and Romania, and OSS operations in China and France.

Lee was never indicted, and became a private sector lawyer after World War II. He was Chief Counsel for American International Group before his retirement in 1974. He and his wife moved to Canada where he died in 1988.

Also see: Blacklisted by History: The Untold Story of Senator Joe McCarthy By M. Stanton Evans

(http://www.mygen.com/images/Sorge_Soviet_Strategy.jpg)
 (http://books.google.com/books?id=xCaDcYsr0sgC&pg=PA68&lpg=PA68&dq=Sorge+Currie&source=bl&ots=j5CPq_GYYY&sig=d3TS2NlBTrheca36Y2xKleDA_ww&hl=en&ei=AZjnTt2mDuiriQKN6-SbBw&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CCsQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=Sorge%20Currie&f=false)
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on October 12, 2012, 12:24:37 pm
A very good article on the BSC...

http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/SPYbsc.htm
British Security Coordination

Winston Churchill became prime minister in May 1940. Churchill realised straight away that it would be vitally important to enlist the United States as Britain's ally. Randolph Churchill, on the morning of 18th May, 1940, claims that his father told him "I think I see my way through.... I mean we can beat them." When Randolph asked him how, he replied with great intensity: "I shall drag the United States in."
...
Churchill sent William Stephenson to the United States to make certain arrangements on intelligence matters. Stephenson's main contact was Gene Tunney, a friend from the First World War, who had been World Heavyweight Champion (1926-1928) and was a close friend of J. Edgar Hoover, the head of the FBI. Tunney later recalled: "Quite to my surprise I received a confidential letter that was from Billy Stephenson, and he asked me to try and arrange for him to see J. Edgar Hoover... I found out that his mission was so important that the Ambassador from England could not be in on it, and no one in official government... It was my understanding that the thing went off extremely well." Stephenson was also a friend of Ernest Cuneo. He worked for President Franklin D. Roosevelt and according to Stephenson was the leader of "Franklin's brain trust". Cuneo met with Roosevelt and reported back that the president wanted "the closest possible marriage between the FBI and British Intelligence."
...
Churchill now instructed Stewart Menzies, head of MI6, to appoint William Stephenson as the head of the British Security Coordination (BSC). Menzies told Gladwyn Jebb on 3rd June, 1940: "I have appointed Mr W.S. Stephenson to take charge of my organisation in the USA and Mexico. As I have explained to you, he has a good contact with an official (J. Edgar Hoover) who sees the President daily. I believe this may prove of great value to the Foreign Office in the future outside and beyond the matters on which that official will give assistance to Stephenson. Stephenson leaves this week. Officially he will go as Principal Passport Control Officer for the USA."
...
Ian Fleming, Louis Mountbatten and James Roosevelt were visitors to the British Security Coordination head office. Grace Garner recalls: "Mountbatten would not come to the office frequently. Fleming came in from time to time, and of course they were both so good-looking that just like dominoes, the girls would go down - whoosh, like that.... James Roosevelt, the president's son, did a few things in the way of propaganda for Britain, and he appeared at meetings."
...
At the end of the Second World War the files of British Security Coordination were packed onto semitrilers and transported to Camp X in Canada. Stephenson wanted to have some record of the activities of the agency, "To provide a record which would be available for reference should future need arise for secret activities and security measures for the kind it describes." He recruited Roald Dahl, H. Montgomery Hyde, Giles Playfair, Gilbert Highet and Tom Hill, to write the book. Stephenson told Dahl: "We don't dare to do it in the United States, we have to do it on British territory." Dahl commented: "He pulled a lot over Hoover... He pulled a few things over the White House, too, now and again. I wrote a little bit but eventually I called Bill and told him that it's an historian's job... This famous history of the BSC through the war in New York was written by Tom Hill and a few other agents." Only twenty copies of the book were printed. Ten went into a safe in Montreal and ten went to Stephenson for distribution.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camp_X
...
Camp X was established December 6, 1941 by the chief of British Security Coordination (BSC), Sir William Stephenson, a Canadian from Winnipeg, Manitoba, and a close confidante of Winston Churchill and Franklin Delano Roosevelt.[1] The camp was originally designed to link Britain and the United States at a time when the US was forbidden by the Neutrality Act to be directly involved in World War II.
 
Before the attack on Pearl Harbor and America's entry into the war, Camp X opened for the purpose of training Allied agents from the Special Operations Executive, Federal Bureau of Investigation, and American Office of Strategic Services (OSS) intended to be dropped behind enemy lines as saboteurs and spies. However, even before the United States entered the war on December 7, 1941, agents from America's intelligence services expressed an interest in sending personnel for training at the soon to be opened Camp X. Agents head of the OSS, who credited Sir William Stephenson with teaching Americans about foreign intelligence gathering. The CIA even named their recruit training facility "The Farm", a nod to the original farm that existed at the Camp X site.
 
Camp X was jointly operated by the BSC and the Government of Canada.[1] The official names of the camp were many: S 25-1-1 by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Project-J by the Canadian military, and Special Training School 103 by the Special Operations Executive, administered under the cover of the Ministry of Economic Warfare [[MEW].

http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/british-security-coordination-nigel-west/1015173876
British Security Coordination: The Secret History of British Intelligence in the Americas, 1940-45  (used $70)
by Nigel West, Roald Dahl, Tom Hill, William Stephenson, Gilbert Highlet
 
Overview
 In 1940 Winston Churchill dispatched a Canadian industrialist to New York with an extraordinary mission in a neutral country: to set up a secret spy network across both North and South America to cripple and confound Nazi propaganda and to fan the flames of pro-war sentiment. Sir William Stephenson (of A Man Called Intrepid fame) set up shop in Rockefeller Center to build a vast intelligence network-the British Security Coordination-the full story of which is now told for the first time. Operating on still-neutral soil, Stephenson's people soon launched an astonishing bagful of dirty tricks: they unmasked Axis spies, intercepted enemy communications, slipped beautiful female spies into the Vichy and Italian embassies in Washington, infiltrated labor unions, and spread British propaganda using U.S. radio stations and such prominent journalists as Walter Winchell and Drew Pearson. The complete report-commissioned at the end of the war and written by Roald Dahl and Gilbert Highet, among others-has been kept secret until now.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on October 12, 2012, 01:20:33 pm
June 1940 - David Bruce and Ailsa Mellon

http://www.newyorksocialdiary.com/node/1907215
...
For this episode, her camera takes us back behind the gates of Terra Mar, David and Ailsa Mellon Bruce’s 120-acre Syosset estate. Then, a week in Chicago at the Lester Armours' Lake Bluff sanctuary where the diversions of the North Shore’s affluent aristocrats are in stark contrast to the 1940 Democratic National Convention’s platform supporting FDR’s New Deal. After that, a private plane has been reserved for a jaunt to Saratoga where George Widener has invited Ellen Frazer and Polly Howe to lunch and a day at the races.

In 1932 Mr. Widener’s uncle Joseph Widener opened the palatial Hialeah Park race track, modeled on Deauville, as millions of Americans were in the throes of economic despair. At the same time, the Wrigley chewing-gum family had transformed the Arizona Biltmore into a more luxurious resort, a winter refuge for mostly Social Register Chicago families.

(http://www.newyorksocialdiary.com/i/partypictures/08_19_11/clemmer/10.jpg)
Ailsa Mellon Bruce. When Ailsa Mellon died in 1969, her estate was valued at more than $570 million, widely regarded as the richest woman in the United States.

(http://www.newyorksocialdiary.com/i/partypictures/08_19_11/clemmer/11.jpg)
David Bruce

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Andrew_W._Mellon

Andrew William Mellon (March 24, 1855 – August 26, 1937) was an American banker, industrialist, philanthropist, art collector, and Secretary of the Treasury from March 4, 1921 until February 12, 1932.
...
Mellon's policies helped reduce the overall public debt (the national debt skyrocketed from $1.5 billion in 1916 to $24 billion in 1919 because of World War I obligations) from $33 billion in 1919 to about $16 billion in 1929 [7], but then the Depression caused it to rise again because of reduced revenue and increasing spending. By 1935, Franklin Roosevelt had gone back to high tax rates and wiped out Andrew Mellon's initiatives. The top tax rate went to 80% by 1935 and the federal government increased excise taxes in an attempt to make up for the lost revenue
...
Great Depression

Mellon became unpopular with the onset of the Great Depression. He advised President Herbert Hoover to "liquidate labor, liquidate stocks, liquidate farmers, liquidate real estate… it will purge the rottenness out of the system. High costs of living and high living will come down.

Impeachment proceedings
 
In January 1932, Rep. Wright Patman and others introduced articles of impeachment against Mellon,[9] with hearings before the House Judiciary Committee at the end of that month.[10] After the hearings were over, but before the scheduled vote on whether to report the articles to the full House, Mellon accepted an appointment to the post of Ambassador to the Court of St. James and resigned in February. He served for one year and then retired to private life.

Representative Louis Thomas McFadden invoked Mellon's appointment while an impeachment was pending in his subsequent attempt to impeach President Hoover

| - - -

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_K._E._Bruce
David K. E. Bruce - February 12, 1898 - December 5, 1977 was an American diplomat, and the only American to serve as Ambassador to France, the Republic of Germany and the United Kingdom.

On May 29, 1926, Bruce married Ailsa Mellon, the daughter of the banker and diplomat Andrew W. Mellon. They divorced on April 20, 1945.

Their only daughter, Audrey, and her husband, Stephen Currier, were presumed dead when a plane in which they were flying in the Caribbean disappeared on January 17, 1967, after requesting permission to fly over Culebra, a U. S. Navy installation. No trace of the plane, pilot, or passengers was ever found. Audrey and Stephen Currier left three children: Andrea, Lavinia, and Michael.

Bruce married Evangeline Bell (1914–1995) on April 23, 1945, three days after his divorce.[2] They had two sons and one daughter, Alexandra (called Sasha). She died under mysterious circumstances (possibly murder or suicide) in 1975 at age 29 at the Bruce family home in Virginia.[3][4]

During World War II, he served with the Office of Strategic Services operation in London and observed the invasion of Normandy landing there the day after the initial invasion.

He served as the United States Ambassador to France from 1949 to 1952, United States Ambassador to West Germany from 1957 to 1959, and United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1961 to 1969.

He was an American envoy at the Paris peace talks between the United States and North Vietnam in 1970 and 1971.

Bruce also served as the first United States emissary to the People's Republic of China from 1973 to 1974.[5]

He was the ambassador to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization from late 1974 to 1976.

Bruce was a candidate for director of its successor the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in 1950.

He is said to have written a secret report on the CIA for President Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1956 that was highly critical of its operation under Allan Dulles's leadership.[6]

Bruce purchased and restored Staunton Hill, his family's former estate in Charlotte County, Virginia. He received the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1976.

Bruce served as the Honorary Chair on the Board of Trustees of the American School in London during his diplomatic career in the United Kingdom. The David K.E. Bruce Award was established in 2007 at the school.[7]

He died on December 5, 1977 of a heart attack at Georgetown University Medical Center.[

See also Spatacus:


http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JFKbruce.htm
David Bruce Biography

Bruce served in the United States Army during the Second World War. He was head of the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) in London and in 1944 took part in the liberation of Paris. After the war he worked for the European Cooperation Administration.
...
President Harry Truman appointed Bruce as the US Ambassador to France (1949-52). According to Evan Thomas (The Very Best Men) Bruce discovered that the CIA was involved in a plot to overthrow the government of Guatemala in 1952. Bruce joined forces with the Secretary of State, Dean Acheson, to persuade Truman that "overthrowing the duly elected government of a Central American country would do more harm than good."

Bruce moved to Washington where he associated with a group of journalists, politicians and government officials that became known as the Georgetown Set. This included Frank Wisner, George Kennan, Dean Acheson, Richard Bissell, Desmond FitzGerald, Joseph Alsop, Stewart Alsop, Tracy Barnes, Thomas Braden, Philip Graham, Clark Clifford, Walt Rostow, Eugene Rostow, Chip Bohlen, Cord Meyer, James Angleton, William Averill Harriman, John McCloy, Felix Frankfurter, John Sherman Cooper, James Reston, Allen W. Dulles and Paul Nitze.

Most men brought their wives to these gatherings. Members of what was later called the Georgetown Ladies' Social Club included Katharine Graham, Mary Pinchot Meyer, Sally Reston, Polly Wisner, Joan Braden, Lorraine Cooper, Evangeline Bruce, Avis Bohlen, Janet Barnes, Tish Alsop, Cynthia Helms, Marietta FitzGerald, Phyllis Nitze and Annie Bissell.

In 1956 President Dwight Eisenhower appointed Bruce as a member of the President's Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities (PBCFIA).

Eisenhower asked Bruce to write a report on the CIA. It was presented to Eisenhower on 20th December, 1956. Bruce argued that the CIA's covert actions were "responsible in great measure for stirring up the turmoil and raising the doubts about us that exists in many countries in the world today." Bruce was also highly critical of Operation Mockingbird. He argued: "what right have we to go barging around in other countries buying newspapers and handling money to opposition parties or supporting a candidate for this, that, or the other office."

Eisenhower appointed Bruce as US Ambassador to West Germany (1957-59). He returned to office when President John F. Kennedy made him Ambassador to Great Britain in 1961. He held the post until the resignation of Lyndon B. Johnson.

David Kirkparick Bruce died in 1977.
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on October 30, 2012, 11:35:10 am
Douglas Dietrich interview on C2C [Explosive Video]

Eureka!! Finally at long last..... Ive Found It!!! 
===========================
  America's Plan to Bomb Japan before Pearl Harbor
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_wNA--Pw9Y8
 Uploaded by eaarmstrong on Apr 5, 2007

Alan Armstrong presents a concise discussion on Joint Board 355 in which President Roosevelt on July 23, 1941, authorized the bombing of Japan by way of a campaign of secret air warfare with American planes and pilots operating from China under cover of the Chinese Air Force.
=====================

This is the guy's from above video book site.
http://www.alanarmstronglaw.com/prebook_secretdocuments.html


Quote
"They realize the necessity for keeping the thing quiet and will take due precautions.."

    - Memorandum from W.L. Keys to Navy Secretary Frank Knox
    February 3, 1941

Secret Documents

(http://www.alanarmstronglaw.com/pre/warplans.jpg)

Shown below are several declassified Secret Documents

(http://www.alanarmstronglaw.com/pre/_wsb_487x643_secdoc1.jpg)

(Above: Joint Board 355 Objectives and Flying Distances from Chinese bases to Japanese Targets.)

(http://www.alanarmstronglaw.com/pre/_wsb_508x673_secdoc2.jpg)

(Above: Outlined phases to the arming of China with American Aircraft.)

(http://www.alanarmstronglaw.com/pre/_wsb_504x659_secdoc3.jpg)

(Above: Joint Board 355 Secret Document folder.)

(http://www.alanarmstronglaw.com/pre/_wsb_506x429_secdoc4.jpg)

(Above: Letter from Robert Patterson, Acting Secretary of War and Frank Knox, Secretary of the Navy to President Roosevelt concerning recommendations to furnish China with bombers in preparation for attacks on Japan.)

(http://www.alanarmstronglaw.com/pre/_wsb_502x654_secdoc5.jpg)

(Above: Telegram from Lauchlin Currie to American Embassy in China for delivery to Madame Chiang concerning the go ahead for bombers being sent to China.)

(http://www.alanarmstronglaw.com/pre/_wsb_498x651_secdoc6.jpg)

(Above: Decoded radio message from Tokyo to Japanese HQ in Southeast Asia concerning Japanese knowledge of the bomber sale to China.  Radio intercept May 29, 1941 was decoded by American officials June 3, 1941)
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: EvadingGrid on December 04, 2012, 01:21:28 pm
 ;D
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 07, 2012, 11:26:11 am
Bump - Pearl Harbor Day - Dec 7 1941
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 19, 2013, 08:20:08 pm
also see:

Secret report that shows how the Nazis planned a Fourth Reich ... the EU  (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=105124.0)
Title: Re: "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 President Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 27, 2013, 04:45:05 pm
moved to general and pinned in case you haven't seen it.

http://www.abebooks.com/British-Security-Coordination-Secret-History-Intelligence/2332886034/bd
British Security Coordination The Secret History of British Intelligence in the Americas 1940-45,

(ISBN 10: 0316644641 / ISBN 13: 9780316644648 )

Price: US$ 122.08 Convert Currency

Shipping: US$ 22.25 From United Kingdom to U.S.A.
Title: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: FrankRep on July 24, 2013, 06:59:41 am
1945 Life Magazine: Franklin Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u7-QDfq4opU)


Youtube:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u7-QDfq4opU (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u7-QDfq4opU)


===
Art Thompson, of the John Birch Society (http://www.jbs.org/), shows how the 1945 issue of Life magazine explains that Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) knew that Japan would attack Pearl Harbor.
===


Related Articles:


Pearl Harbor Was No Surprise (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4798-pearl-harbor-was-no-surprise)

Pearl Harbor: Hawaii Was Surprised; FDR Was Not (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4740-pearl-harbor-hawaii-was-surprised-fdr-was-not)

Pearl Harbor: A True Day of Infamy (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4764-pearl-harbor-a-true-day-of-infamy)

Pearl Harbor: Motives Behind the Betrayal (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4741-pearl-harbor-motives-behind-the-betrayal)

Pearl Harbor: Scapegoating Kimmel and Short (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4742-pearl-harbor-scapegoating-kimmel-and-short)




(http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Sten.jpg) (http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0743201299?ie=UTF8&tag=libert0f-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0743201299)

Day Of Deceit: The Truth About FDR and Pearl Harbor (http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0743201299?ie=UTF8&tag=libert0f-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0743201299)
- Robert Stinnett



Here's the 1945 Life Magazine article:

(http://bks1.books.google.co.uk/books?id=3EkEAAAAMBAJ&printsec=frontcover&img=1&zoom=1&edge=curl)

Pearl Harbor
http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3EkEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA110&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=2#v=onepage&q&f=false (http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3EkEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA110&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=2#v=onepage&q&f=false)
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: TahoeBlue on July 24, 2013, 10:21:22 am
reference: British Security Coordination - "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 Roosevelt speech   (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=208646.msg1252497#msg1252497)

http://aotearoaawiderperspective.wordpress.com/2008/04/29/explosive-truth-about-pearl-harbor-the-story-the-rest-of-the-media-wont-tell/
EXPLOSIVE TRUTH ABOUT PEARL HARBOR: THE STORY THE REST OF THE MEDIA WON’T TELL- JOSEPH LEIB
...
How could the Japanese fleet sail across the Pacific without detection?  
Where did Japan obtain the detailed information about the deployment of U.S. forces on Oahu?
Why were our ships and planes lined up so neatly together, inviting attack?
How could our fighting forces be caught so off-guard?
How could they be taken so totally by surprise?
...
A full week earlier, on November 29, I learned about the impending attack from an unlikely source – Cordell Hull, Roosevelt’s own secretary of state. To put the matter into proper perspective, I should explain how and why Hull came to entrust me with the terrible secret of Pearl Harbor.
...
Hull began to talk. His words came slowly at first and then fairly streamed from his mouth. It was as if he could barely wait to pronounce them he was so anxious to tell the story.

I could only sit in startled silence as Hull told me Japan was going to attack Pearl Harbor within a few days, and pulled from his inside coat pocket a transcript of Japanese radio intercepts detailing the plan. Recovering from my shock, I began to question him.

“Why are you telling me this?” I blurted out. “Why don’t you hold a press conference and issue a warning?”

“I don’t know anyone else I can trust,” he replied, shaking his head. “I’ve confided in some of your colleagues in the past, but they’ve always gotten me into hot water. You’ve had the goods on me for months; yet you’ve kept your promise not to publish them. You’re the only one I can turn to.”

“Does the President know the Japs are going to attack Pearl Harbor?”

“Of course he does. He’s fully aware of the plans. So is Hoover at the FBI.
Roosevelt and I got into a terrible argument, but he refuses to do anything about it. He wants us in this war, and an attack in Hawaii will give him just the opportunity. That’s why I can’t hold a press conference. I’d be denounced by the White House. No one would believe me!”
..
Title: Re: British Security Coordination - "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on July 24, 2013, 10:22:32 am
1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor

1945 Life Magazine: Franklin Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u7-QDfq4opU)


Youtube:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u7-QDfq4opU (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u7-QDfq4opU)


===
Art Thompson, of the John Birch Society (http://www.jbs.org/), shows how the 1945 issue of Life magazine explains that Franklin Delano Roosevelt (FDR) knew that Japan would attack Pearl Harbor.
===


Related Articles:


Pearl Harbor Was No Surprise (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4798-pearl-harbor-was-no-surprise)

Pearl Harbor: Hawaii Was Surprised; FDR Was Not (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4740-pearl-harbor-hawaii-was-surprised-fdr-was-not)

Pearl Harbor: A True Day of Infamy (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4764-pearl-harbor-a-true-day-of-infamy)

Pearl Harbor: Motives Behind the Betrayal (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4741-pearl-harbor-motives-behind-the-betrayal)

Pearl Harbor: Scapegoating Kimmel and Short (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4742-pearl-harbor-scapegoating-kimmel-and-short)




(http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Sten.jpg) (http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0743201299?ie=UTF8&tag=libert0f-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0743201299)

Day Of Deceit: The Truth About FDR and Pearl Harbor (http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0743201299?ie=UTF8&tag=libert0f-20&linkCode=as2&camp=1789&creative=390957&creativeASIN=0743201299)
- Robert Stinnett

Here's the 1945 Life Magazine article:

(http://bks1.books.google.co.uk/books?id=3EkEAAAAMBAJ&printsec=frontcover&img=1&zoom=1&edge=curl)

Pearl Harbor
http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3EkEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA110&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=2#v=onepage&q&f=false (http://books.google.co.uk/books?id=3EkEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA110&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=2#v=onepage&q&f=false)
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: FrankRep on July 25, 2013, 02:20:21 am
“Does the President know the Japs are going to attack Pearl Harbor?”

“Of course he does. He’s fully aware of the plans. So is Hoover at the FBI.
Roosevelt and I got into a terrible argument, but he refuses to do anything about it. He wants us in this war, and an attack in Hawaii will give him just the opportunity. That’s why I can’t hold a press conference. I’d be denounced by the White House. No one would believe me!”
..

That is depressing. Afraid of being "denounced."
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: jerryweaver on July 25, 2013, 04:07:26 am
A lot of the US Airplanes in Hawaii  were scheduled for maintenance that day. The US had more than a enough arms  to repel the attack  but were made to stand down.

I heard this from a survivor of the attack.
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: J Lee on July 25, 2013, 04:23:08 am
The US needed an excuse to enter WWII, and Pearl Harbor was allowed to happen. The government has been pulling this trick(False Flag) for generations. We didn't enter WWI until the Lusitania was attacked, and that was supposed to be 'The war to end all wars'. Indeed, the government will continue use these tactics to involve us in warfare, because war is big business, and a means of control in lieu of new laws.
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: jerryweaver on July 25, 2013, 04:26:35 am
Ya they were running a drill as the Japanese Zeros were incoming!

http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/Guard-US/ch7.htm

 The Hawaiian Air Force was ordered to concentrate planes so that they could be guarded more easily, and these orders were as easily executed since that was the usual practice at Hickam and Wheeler Fields anyway.25  The only deviation from procedures prescribed under Alert No. 1 was an order directing the operation of the new Army radar machines between four and seven each morning-the most likely period for a carrier strike, according to previous studies. On 28 November the local press explained, "The entire Hawaiian Department was ordered on a 'routine training alert' last night." 26
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: EvadingGrid on July 25, 2013, 05:36:22 am
Ignored the Radar
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: Geolibertarian on July 25, 2013, 07:00:56 am
In the interest of balance:

     http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qc1OPOeGvlQ (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qc1OPOeGvlQ)

     http://tarpley.net/audio/20111207-WGT_on_Barrett.mp3 (http://tarpley.net/audio/20111207-WGT_on_Barrett.mp3)

     http://progressivepress.com/book-listing/real-pearl-harbor-conspiracy (http://progressivepress.com/book-listing/real-pearl-harbor-conspiracy)

To those not already invested in a particular version of events, research all sides of the debate and then decide for yourselves with whom you most agree.
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: TahoeBlue on July 25, 2013, 10:19:54 am

Quote
A full week earlier, on November 29, I learned about the impending attack from an unlikely source – Cordell Hull, Roosevelt’s own secretary of state. To put the matter into proper perspective, I should explain how and why Hull came to entrust me with the terrible secret of Pearl Harbor.


http://www.yale.edu/ynhti/curriculum/units/1978/3/78.03.05.x.html
...
On November 1, 1941, Tojo decided to have one more month of negotiations with the American government. If these failed, preparations for wars with America, England, and the Netherlands were to be completed by early December.

Roosevelt's position was that Japan could continue its war with China, but could not move southward toward Thailand and the 100th Meridian, for such a move would result in a war with the United States. The American breaking of the Japanese secret code made Secretary of State Cordell Hull aware that if no agreement was reached by November 29, 1941,  things are automatically going to happen
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: Geolibertarian on July 25, 2013, 10:37:19 am
I feel compelled to mention that, with regard to Pearl Harbor, the only thing I'm convinced of is that the "official story" is bogus.

Beyond that, I'm not sure whose alternative version of events -- Stinnett's or Tarpley's -- is most accurate.

That's why I posted the links above.
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: TahoeBlue on July 25, 2013, 10:46:30 am
I feel compelled to mention that, with regard to Pearl Harbor, the only thing I'm convinced of is that the "official story" is bogus.
Beyond that, I'm not sure whose alternative version of events -- Stinnett's or Tarpley's -- is most accurate.
That's why I posted the links above.

No, I understand - nothing is certain about this important bit of history except that it is uncertain...

I have read thru the book "OSS in China" and the Chinese had broken Japanese codes and were aware that an attack on the US was imminent, one must assume that the US also knew an attack was imminent,  It is interesting what happened in Manila 9 hours after the attack on Pearl - was there a secret order to stand down and take the first blow? ...


   http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/wwii/articles/failureanddestruction.aspx
Failure and Destruction, Clark Field, the Philippines, December 8, 1941
 by Michael Gough

 Ten days after bombs fell on Pearl Harbor, Lieutenant General Walter Short and Admiral Husband E. Kimmel, the Army and Navy commanders in Hawaii, were relieved of their commands and reduced in rank. Their sin: the Japanese had caught them by surprise and killed soldiers and sailors, sunk ships, and destroyed airplanes.

 News of Pearl Harbor reached U.S. forces in the Philippine Islands less than half an hour after the attack (about 2:30 A.M., December 8, in the Philippines, corresponding to 8:00 A.M., December 7, in Hawaii).[1] Nine hours later, unopposed Japanese attacks caught U.S. bombers and pursuits sitting on the ground.

"If surprise at Pearl Harbor is hard to understand, surprise at Manila is completely incomprehensible,"[2] wrote Samuel E. Morison, author of History of US Naval Operations in World War II. Despite destruction of American airpower, no officer in the Philippines was relieved from duty. One officer, the major who commanded the 24th Pursuit Group (PG) at Clark Field, was punished. He never again held a command position. Other, higher-ranking officers – colonels and generals – went on to higher commands.
...
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: Valerius on July 25, 2013, 12:09:45 pm
I think the thing you should take from it is that back the 40s the American people demanded some government accountability (even if only was scapegoats) for these kind of events and today there isn't even that token.
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: TahoeBlue on July 25, 2013, 03:46:39 pm
excerpt from "OSS in China"

page 43

In late November 1941, Tai Li's well established cryptographic team detected an imminent Japanese attack on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. This ... Intel was stolen ... and promptly dispatched to Yanan and then to Moscow.

At this time the Tai Li was working with OSS/ONI navy Milton Miles who also would have relayed the info to the Whitehouse.
Everybody had to have known ( The Navy had also broken Japanese codes, but didn't tell the Chinese that...)
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 04, 2013, 10:51:16 am
excerpt from "OSS in China"

page 43

In late November 1941, Tai Li's well established cryptographic team detected an imminent Japanese attack on the Hawaiian island of Oahu. This ... Intel was stolen ... and promptly dispatched to Yanan and then to Moscow.

At this time the Tai Li was working with OSS/ONI navy Milton Miles who also would have relayed the info to the Whitehouse.
Everybody had to have known ( The Navy had also broken Japanese codes, but didn't tell the Chinese that...)

http://www.usni.org/store/books/ebook-editions/oss-china
(http://www.mygen.com/images/9781591149866.jpg)
Title: Re: British Security Coordination - "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 07, 2013, 10:49:31 am
Bump Dec 7 2013
Title: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: FrankRep on December 14, 2013, 11:39:11 pm
20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941) (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VA8n4q5q1-U)

Youtube Video:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VA8n4q5q1-U (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VA8n4q5q1-U)


===
ABC television "20/20" broadcast, Nov. 22, 1991 - Known as JB 355 (http://i39.tinypic.com/2njaakk.jpg) (after the Army-Navy Joint Board that preceded the creation of the Joint Chiefs of Staff ), this scheme as approved in July 1941 envisioned the transfer of several dozen medium-range bombers to a Chinese front corporation with funding provided in part by Lend-Lease. Members of the American Volunteer Group (AVG) led by former Army pilot Claire Chennault, who worked for China, would fly the planes on a series of incendiary raids against Japan. Chinese officials saw this as retaliation for the brutal war waged by Japan since 1937, and the plan's American boosters apparently believed that the attacks would deter wider Japanese aggression without provoking a direct response against the United States. For a variety of reasons, including a shortage of aircraft, bureaucratic snafus, and opposition from Secretary of War Henry Stimson and Army Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall, the transfer of bombers was delayed, and the plan was eventually overtaken by Japan's own preemptive attack of 7 December 1941. [ Source (http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/cws/summary/v011/11.2.schaller.html) ]
===


Related articles:

The Communist Agent Who Caused Pearl Harbor — and Global Economic Havoc (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/17147-the-communist-agent-who-caused-pearl-harbor-and-global-economic-havoc)

Pearl Harbor: Hawaii Was Surprised; FDR Was Not (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4740-pearl-harbor-hawaii-was-surprised-fdr-was-not)

Pearl Harbor: Motives Behind the Betrayal (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4741-pearl-harbor-motives-behind-the-betrayal)


Side Notes:


Lauchlin Currie (http://www.conservapedia.com/Lauchlin_Currie) was Administrative Assistant to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and a Soviet spy.

Harry Dexter White (http://www.conservapedia.com/Harry_Dexter_White) was an American economist and senior U.S. Department of Treasury official. He was the first head of the International Monetary Fund, played an important role in formation of the World Bank. He was also a Soviet secret agent—"the most highly-placed asset the Soviets possessed in the American government."
Title: Re: British Security Coordination - "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 06, 2014, 09:10:44 pm
Bump Dec 7 2014
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 06, 2015, 05:13:11 pm
bump dec 7 2015
Title: Remember Pearl Harbor!
Post by: FrankRep on December 07, 2015, 05:41:16 am
(http://i65.tinypic.com/28m065l.jpg)

Comprehensive research has shown not only that Washington knew in advance of the attack on Pearl Harbor, but that it deliberately withheld its foreknowledge from our commanders in Hawaii in the hope that the "surprise" attack would catapult the U.S. into World War II.


Pearl Harbor: Hawaii Was Surprised; FDR Was Not
http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4740-pearl-harbor-hawaii-was-surprised-fdr-was-not

Pearl Harbor: Motives Behind the Betrayal
http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4741-pearl-harbor-motives-behind-the-betrayal

Pearl Harbor: Scapegoating Kimmel and Short
http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4742-pearl-harbor-scapegoating-kimmel-and-short

Pearl Harbor: A True Day of Infamy
http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4764-pearl-harbor-a-true-day-of-infamy

Pearl Harbor and the Imperial Presidents
http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/13864-pearl-harbor-and-the-imperial-presidents

Remembering the Internment of Japanese Americans
http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/14970-remembering-the-internment-of-japanese-americans
Title: Re: Remember Pearl Harbor!
Post by: jofortruth on December 07, 2015, 05:52:44 am

Remembering the Internment of Japanese Americans
http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/14970-remembering-the-internment-of-japanese-americans


http://z4.invisionfree.com/The_Great_Deception/index.php?showtopic=385
Title: Re: Remember Pearl Harbor!
Post by: Geniocrat on December 07, 2015, 07:12:11 am
Let us honor all those who died that day and those who suffered and died in WW2.
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 07, 2015, 12:33:41 pm
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/8932197/Pearl-Harbour-memo-shows-US-warned-of-Japanese-attack.html
Pearl Harbour memo shows US warned of Japanese attack
By Jacqui Goddard in Miami
8:00AM GMT 04 Dec 2011

On the 70th anniversary of Pearl Harbour, the attack that propelled America into the Second World War, a declassified memo shows that Japanese surprise attack was expected.

It was described by President Franklin D.Roosevelt as "a date that will live in infamy", a day on which the slaughter of 2,400 US troops drew America into Second World War and changed the course of history.

Now, on the 70th anniversary of Japan's devastating bombardment of the US Pacific Fleet at Pearl Harbour, Hawaii, evidence has emerged showing that President Franklin D.Roosevelt was warned three days before the attack that the Japanese empire was eyeing up Hawaii with a view to "open conflict."

The information, contained in a declassified memorandum from the Office of Naval Intelligence, adds to proof that Washington dismissed red flags signalling that mass bloodshed was looming and war was imminent.

"In anticipation of possible open conflict with this country, Japan is vigorously utilizing every available agency to secure military, naval and commercial information, paying particular attention to the West Coast, the Panama Canal and the Territory of Hawaii," stated the 26-page memo.

Dated December 4, 1941, marked as confidential, and entitled "Japanese intelligence and propaganda in the United States," it flagged up Japan's surveillance of Hawaii under a section headlined "Methods of Operation and Points of Attack."


It noted details of possible subversives in Hawaii, where nearly 40 per cent of inhabitants were of Japanese origin, and of how Japanese consulates on America's west coast had been gathering information on American naval and air forces. Japan's Naval Inspector's Office, it stated, was "primarily interested in obtaining detailed technical information which could be used to advantage by the Japanese Navy."

"Much information of a military and naval nature has been obtained," it stated, describing it as being "of a general nature" but including records relating to the movement of US warships.

The memo, now held at the Franklin D.Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum in upstate New York, has sat unpublicised since its declassification 26 years ago. Its contents are revealed by historian Craig Shirley in his new book "December 1941: 31 Days that Changed America and Saved the World."

Three days after the warning was delivered to the White House, hundreds of Japanese aircraft operating from six aircraft carriers unleashed a surprise strike on the US Navy's base at Pearl Harbour, wiping out American battleships, destroyers and air installations. A total of 2,459 US personnel were killed and 1,282 injured.
...

"This memo is further evidence that they believed the Japanese were contemplating a military action of some sort, but they were kind of in denial because they didn't think anybody would be as audacious to move an army thousands of miles across the Pacific, stop to refuel, then move on to Hawaii to make a strike like this."
...

Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: chris jones on December 07, 2015, 04:41:18 pm
 Japanese emissary's were ignored, though they were presenting a declaration of war.
 FDR wife, Eleanor diary, she wrote of her husband discusing the Pearl bombing two days before, it's archived.
 A Hawaiian newspaper front paged, the Japanese attack before the attack, (see archives).
  Wars are planned, like it or lump it, agree or disagree, it is historical.. American recruits, volunteers were endless led to believe Pear was a sneak attack.
  I get it, we had to get into it, though I stick with the belief it would have been possable to counter attack at sea rather than the sacrifice Pearl and the recruitment would have been equal.
  What was it the Japanese Admiral say when he found no Resistance: something like , (we have woken the sleeping giant) Ya know, Oh,Oh, the appearence will be we sneaked up em, the Americans will go nuts.
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: Letsbereal on December 19, 2015, 11:04:07 pm
The Netherlands and the attack on Pearl Harbor https://sites.google.com/site/nocancerfoundation/pearl-harbor

President Franklin D. Roosevelt knew months before the attack on Pearl Harbor of a massive presence by Japan in the Pacific Ocean. 12 days before he knew the exact date of the attack on Pearl Harbor.

The Dutch submarine K-XVII allegedly discovered that the Japanese fleet was on its way to Pearl Harbor, this was kept secret.

During the war K XVII patrolled in the South China Sea, off Malaya and in the Gulf of Siam. While exiting the Gulf of Siam in December 1941 she hit a Japanese mine and sunk.

The entire crew of thirty-six men perished.Her wreck was located in 1978. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HNLMS_K_XVII

Here a portion of a telegram from President Roosevelt's Chief of Staff General Marshall to all U.S. Army units in the Pacific dated 27 November 1941.  (https://1eb30ba8-a-62cb3a1a-s-sites.googlegroups.com/site/universalfederationback/nazis-hijacked-the-benelux-union/1tr59h.jpg)

So the day before the K-XVII discovered the Japanese fleet in Hawaii and 10 days before the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

A day after the attack on Pearl Harbor even before America and England the Dutch government in exile declare war on Japan.

PEARL HARBOR  MOTHER OF ALL CONSPIRACIES https://sites.google.com/site/nocancerfoundation/pearl-harbor-mother-of-all-conspiracies

Dutch officers find their fathers'lost submarines http://www.dutchsubmarines.com/specials/special_lost_submarines.htm


Haven't been able to confirm via other sources that indeed it was the Dutch submarine K XVII who made President Roosevelt aware of the location of the massive presence by Japan in the Pacific Ocean.
Title: Re: 1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 02, 2016, 05:54:32 pm
bump for Dec 7

see also:  Mao was a Yale Man - A Yali and Skull and Bones (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=154829.40)

...
http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/17147-the-communist-agent-who-caused-pearl-harbor-and-global-economic-havoc
...
 Harry Dexter White (shown), assistant secretary of the treasury in the administration of Franklin Delano Roosevelt, was a top Soviet spy and agent of influence who not only caused incalculable harm to the United States, but also materially assisted Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin’s spreading of terror and tyranny throughout the entire world.
...

White’s plan was calculated to inflame public opinion in Japan and undermine Emperor Hirohito and Prime Minister Prince Fumimaro Konoye, both of whom favored peace with the U.S. It was also aimed at guaranteeing the rise to power of Japan’s political forces that were beating the drums for war. This is precisely — and predictably — what happened. However, White did not undertake this move on his own initiative, it is important to note, but as a directive of the NKVD (an earlier name for the Soviet KGB). His Kremlin bosses were most anxious for assurance that Japan would not attack the Soviet Union; they thus expended great efforts through their spy and propaganda networks in Japan, Europe, and the United States to ensure that Japan would strike America, rather than the U.S.S.R.


see also:

[Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941) (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VA8n4q5q1-U)

Youtube Video:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VA8n4q5q1-U (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VA8n4q5q1-U)


===
ABC television "20/20" broadcast, Nov. 22, 1991 - Known as JB 355 (http://i39.tinypic.com/2njaakk.jpg) (after the Army-Navy Joint Board that preceded the creation of the Joint Chiefs of Staff ), this scheme as approved in July 1941 envisioned the transfer of several dozen medium-range bombers to a Chinese front corporation with funding provided in part by Lend-Lease. Members of the American Volunteer Group (AVG) led by former Army pilot Claire Chennault, who worked for China, would fly the planes on a series of incendiary raids against Japan. Chinese officials saw this as retaliation for the brutal war waged by Japan since 1937, and the plan's American boosters apparently believed that the attacks would deter wider Japanese aggression without provoking a direct response against the United States. For a variety of reasons, including a shortage of aircraft, bureaucratic snafus, and opposition from Secretary of War Henry Stimson and Army Chief of Staff General George C. Marshall, the transfer of bombers was delayed, and the plan was eventually overtaken by Japan's own preemptive attack of 7 December 1941. [ Source (http://muse.jhu.edu/journals/cws/summary/v011/11.2.schaller.html) ]
===


Related articles:

The Communist Agent Who Caused Pearl Harbor — and Global Economic Havoc (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/17147-the-communist-agent-who-caused-pearl-harbor-and-global-economic-havoc)

Pearl Harbor: Hawaii Was Surprised; FDR Was Not (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4740-pearl-harbor-hawaii-was-surprised-fdr-was-not)

Pearl Harbor: Motives Behind the Betrayal (http://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/history/item/4741-pearl-harbor-motives-behind-the-betrayal)


Side Notes:


Lauchlin Currie (http://www.conservapedia.com/Lauchlin_Currie) was Administrative Assistant to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and a Soviet spy.

Harry Dexter White (http://www.conservapedia.com/Harry_Dexter_White) was an American economist and senior U.S. Department of Treasury official. He was the first head of the International Monetary Fund, played an important role in formation of the World Bank. He was also a Soviet secret agent—"the most highly-placed asset the Soviets possessed in the American government."
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 03, 2016, 12:55:10 pm
bump for Dec 7 1941

also see:

 Mao was a Yale Man - A Yali and Skull and Bones (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=154829.40)

1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=248553.0)
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: chris jones on December 03, 2016, 04:52:31 pm
Hi T.

     The evidence, FACTS- are undeniable, the problem is many folks simply don't want to know!
     FF's are the norm for the planners, acceptable losses, colateral damage, sacrificial lambs, the HISTORICAL manipulation of the masses.
 I have often wondered why FDR didn't attack the the Japanese fleet at sea in national waters, then the reality hit me , recruitment, the long lines of volunteers recruiting would have lessened. The war with Imperial Japan was inevitable, allowing the invasion of the Pearl was a massive intell operation to kick start Americans need for revenge. Fire up the masses syndrome.
    The other side of the coin is our invasions in the M.E., JUST ONE EX-a few hundred thousand Iraqi's sacrificed in the hunt for non existant WMD's and many folks now beleive our MSM declaring we invaded this  nation to take out Sadam. It truly upsets me the younger folks as well as many of our  generation will be swallowing this Sh**T..
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 04, 2016, 05:00:16 pm
(https://pearlharbor75thanniversary.com/wp-content/uploads/75th-logo-358x352.jpg)

https://pearlharbor75thanniversary.com/monday-december-5-2016/
December 5, 2016  | Event Schedule
Wheeler Field Remembrance Ceremony & Wreath Presentation
8 a.m. to 8:30 a.m., Wheeler Army Airfield

The U.S. Army will host a remembrance ceremony to honor the fallen and the survivors of the Dec. 7, 1941, attack on Wheeler Army Airfield.

Wheeler was one of the first locations struck that fateful day. Enemy aircraft targeted the base at approximately 7:55 a.m. and left more than 30 dead and more than 50 wounded in their wake.

Department of Defense ID cardholders and their sponsored guests are welcome to attend

(http://pearlharbor75thanniversary.com/wp-content/uploads/Wheeler_12.07.1941.jpg)

| - - - - -
Tour of USS John C. Stennis (CVN-74)
8 a.m. to 3 p.m., Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam


USS John C. Stennis (CVN 74) and crew will participate in events planned throughout the week as part of the commemoration of the 75th anniversary of the December 7 attack on Pearl Harbor and Oahu.

This opportunity allows fellow Department of Defense members, retired veterans and their families who are not familiar with a U.S. Navy aircraft carrier, the chance to tour the flight deck and learn about what Sailors do aboard ship.
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: Al Bundy on December 04, 2016, 05:15:25 pm
bump for Dec 7 1941

also see:

 Mao was a Yale Man - A Yali and Skull and Bones (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=154829.40)

1945 Life Magazine: Roosevelt (FDR) Knew Japan Would Attack Pearl Harbor (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=248553.0)

I am sure that FDR attack Japan in summer 1941 but he has not excuse and Charles Lindbergh `s anti-war movement was strong.
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: swimreferee on December 04, 2016, 05:56:42 pm
Well I need to correct a minor error.

Quote
Mao was a Yale Man - A Yali and Skull and Bones

Mao was a Yale Man
Mao was a "Elis" (after Elihu Yale) this is the more common name for  "Yalies" for Yale Students and Grads.  I officiated the swimming pools at Yale in the 90's  and the skull and bones is a very serious organization of the globalist.
Title: Re: 70 Years of Lying About Pearl Harbor
Post by: Al Bundy on December 06, 2016, 03:52:44 am
Sorry, but this is not civilized. Japanese PM S. Abe will come to Pearl Harbor for "remembrance" but not for apology to USA.
Because Us secretary Kerry and Obama also were in Hiroshima for "remembrance" but they refused to apology to Japan for atomic bombardment. Obama even said that bombing Hiroshima is not "war crime".  :o


http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2016/12/06/national/politics-diplomacy/abes-pearl-harbor-visit-remembrance-not-apology-suga/#.WEaGt7mgR9khttp://
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 06, 2016, 10:33:24 am
Oh, here we go ... FDR creating Pearl Harbor theory is "FAKE NEWS" according to  NPR:

It is interesting that under google it shows up like this: "A Fake Story:" but that is NO WHERE IN THE TEXT OF THE STORY!

A Fake Story That Lives On: No, FDR Did Not Know The ... - NPR

http://www.npr.org/2016/12/06/504449867/no-fdr-did-not-know-the-japanese-were-going-to-bomb-pearl-harbor?utm_medium=RSS&utm_campaign=storiesfromnpr
No, FDR Did Not Know The Japanese Were Going To Bomb Pearl Harbor
December 6, 2016 ·3:16 AM ET 

Heard on Morning Edition

Seventy-five years after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, some Americans have never stopped believing that President Franklin Roosevelt let it happen in order to draw the U.S. into World War II.

"It's ridiculous," says Rob Citino, a senior researcher at the National World War II Museum in New Orleans. "But it's evergreen. It never stops. My students, over 30 years — there'd always be someone in class [who'd say], 'Roosevelt knew all about it.'"

Conspiracy theories, half-truths and full-on lies are getting new attention as they appear alongside real news and information on social networks — but that's nothing new. The official investigations into the Japanese attack started in the 1940s, and even now, each time new documents become declassified, a headline pops up asking whether Roosevelt allowed it.
....
These kinds of bad assumptions and poor intelligence start wars, Citino says — an understanding that seems so obvious today even as the conspiracy theories outlive the eyewitnesses to the battle.
Title: Re: 70 Years of Lying About Pearl Harbor
Post by: starvosan on December 06, 2016, 10:45:42 am
The US Marine Corps were already developing tactics and equipment for the island hopping campaign, which they later used successfully in the War, as early as the 1920s.





Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 06, 2016, 10:48:08 am
http://www.whatreallyhappened.com/WRHARTICLES/pearl.php#axzz4S4qw0VX2
PEARL HARBOR

MOTHER OF ALL CONSPIRACIES


President Roosevelt (FDR) provoked the attack, knew about it in advance and covered up his failure to warn the Hawaiian commanders. FDR needed the attack to sucker Hitler to declare war, since the public and Congress were overwhelmingly against entering the war in Europe. It was his backdoor to war.
FDR blinded the commanders at Pearl Harbor and set them up by -
1.denying intelligence to Hawaii (HI)
2.on Nov 27, misleading the commanders into thinking negotiations with Japan were continuing to prevent them from realizing the war was on
3.having false information sent to HI about the location of the Japanese carrier fleet.

....

Quote
"...everything that the Japanese were planning to do was known to the United States..." ARMY BOARD, 1944

...

[ I always found MacArthur's actions interesting since he had to be in on it too ,,, ]

7 December - 9 hours later, MacArthur's entire air force was caught by surprise and wiped out in the Philippines. His reaction to the news of Pearl Harbor was quite unusual - he locked himself in his room all morning and refused to meet with his air commander General Brereton, and refused to attack Japanese forces on Formosa even under orders from the War Department.

MacArthur gave three conflicting orders that ensured the planes were on the ground most of the morning. MacArthur used radar tracking of the Japanese planes at 140, 100, 80, 60, down to 20 miles to time his final order and ensure his planes were on the ground.

Strategically, the destruction of half of all US heavy bombers in the world was more important than naval damage in Pearl Harbor.

Either MacArthur had committed the greatest blunder in military history or he was under orders to allow his forces to be destroyed. If it were the greatest blunder in history, it is remarkable how he escaped any reprimand, kept his command and got his fourth star and Congressional Medal of Honor shortly later. Prange argued, "How could the President ensure a successful Japanese attack unless he confided in the commanders and persuaded them to allow the enemy to proceed unhindered?"

...
Read more: www.whatreallyhappened.com http://www.whatreallyhappened.com/WRHARTICLES/pearl.php#ixzz4S4rEBb8S
Title: Re: 70 Years of Lying About Pearl Harbor
Post by: Peerless on December 06, 2016, 01:15:39 pm
Sorry, but this is not civilized. Japanese PM S. Abe will come to Pearl Harbor for "remembrance" but not for apology to USA.
Because Us secretary Kerry and Obama also were in Hiroshima for "remembrance" but they refused to apology to Japan for atomic bombardment. Obama even said that bombing Hiroshima is not "war crime".  :o


http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2016/12/06/national/politics-diplomacy/abes-pearl-harbor-visit-remembrance-not-apology-suga/#.WEaGt7mgR9khttp://

I'll go one step further and say it's inflammatory...just what the fekk is this jerk trying to say?  I mean really, what is he remembering?  the glorious victory that Japan had on that day?

makes me think of when the Japanese student association at U.C.S.C. pulled the stunt of having a heritage appreciation day on 12/7/84 (IIRC)...the bursar of the college (the university is split up into separate colleges and dorms) made a logical reaction to it all, pointed out the blatant insult...and he got fired for it...yeah, U.C.S.C. was way liberal back then.
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 07, 2016, 10:54:18 am
It is interesting how the "debunkers" make linkage to 9/11 in saying something like "America could not conceive of such an attack to occur " as a reason as to why we were so wide open ... also the historians seem to be from globalist origins such as "the current 1984 Ministry of truth - The London School of Economics":

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/pearl-harbor-conspiracy-is-bunk-1173728.html
...
Antony Best, a historian at the London School of Economics and author of book on Pearl Harbor said: "I was very doubtful that the second telegram existed. I think it is just one of those mistakes of history. I have never found any evidence that there was a conspiracy and I have looked high and low."

| - - -

The Brits BSC - British Security Coordination:


see:

British Security Coordination - "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 Roosevelt speech  (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=208646.0)

http://www.economicsvoodoo.com/wp-content/uploads/1989-09-17-Churchill-Agents-Secretly-Manipulated-US-before-Pearl-Harbor-Donovan-Dulles_WashingtonPost.pdf
How Churchill's Agents Secretly Manipulated the U.S. Before Pearl Harbor:[FINAL Edition]
Ignatius, David. The Washington Post


https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/opinions/1989/09/17/how-churchills-agents-secretly-manipulated-the-us-before-pearl-harbor/0881f7a8-7c9d-49d0-8338-eac3be333134/?utm_term=.942dd908f87f
HOW CHURCHILL'S AGENTS SECRETLY MANIPULATED THE U.S. BEFORE PEARL HARBOR
By David Ignatius September 17, 1989  


SECRET HISTORY of British intelligence operations in America during World War II reveals that Britain was engaged in a far broader -- and more cynical -- attempt to manipulate the United States in the two years before Pearl Harbor than has previously been revealed
.

The British planted propaganda in American newspapers, covertly manipulated radio stations and wire services, harassed their political enemies in Congress and the labor movement and plotted against American corporations that were unfriendly to British interests, according to the secret history.


They also pushed for creation of an American intelligence agency and helped install William J. Donovan -- whom the British referred to as "our man" -- at its head. Among its many revelations, the history lists the publishers or editors of five of the nation's leading newspapers as friends "who rendered service of particular value" to the anti-Nazi prop-aganda campaign.

The study also boasts of British contacts with three leading columnists of the day: Walter Lippmann, Walter Winchell and Drew Pearson. Intelligence experts say it was a masterful covert-action program -- arguably the most effective in history. And by drawing the United States out of isolationism and into the web of British secret operations in a global war, it changed America forever.

"BSC ran a vast range of covert operations which, in effect, became the foundation of subsequent OSS and CIA operations
," says Thomas F. Troy, a retired CIA officer who is a leading historian of American intelligence activities during the war. Like many intelligence operations, this one involved an exquisite moral ambiguity: The British used ruthless methods to achieve their goals, and by today's peacetime standards, some of their activities may seem outrageous. Yet they were done in the cause of Britain's war against the Nazis -- a cause regarded today almost universally as just -- and by pushing America toward intervention, the British spies helped win the war.

Details of the British campaign are contained in a 423-page document that carries the bland title, "British Security Coordination (BSC): An Account of Secret Activities in the Western Hemisphere, 1940-45." This study, marked "top secret," was prepared in 1945 by BSC historians.

Ten leather-bound copies were distributed, supposedly to Roosevelt, Churchill and various British intelligence chiefs. None has surfaced publicly, until now.

The Washington Post was shown a copy of the BSC history last week and allowed to take extensive notes on it by an individual who asked to remain anonymous. The Post asked Troy, the American intelligence historian, to review the material and verify its authenticity. The BSC history's frank account of British spying makes it "one of the most astounding documents in history," says Rupert Allason, an intelligence historian who writes under the name Nigel West. He says an American publisher, which separately obtained a copy of the BSC study, has asked him to write an introduction. The British Cabinet Office, he adds, is deliberating whether to approve publication of the study in England. (A spokesman for the Cabinet Office had no comment on the matter.) The chief of the British covert campaign was the late Sir William Stephenson, who was celebrated in a 1976 book, "A Man Called Intrepid." The author of "Intrepid," William Stevenson (no relation) said in an interview that he consulted the official BSC history in preparing his book but deliberately omitted details that were "disagreeable" and might hamper future Anglo-American cooperation.
...

No I made it all up:



British Security Coordination: The Secret History of British Intelligence in the Americas, 1940-1945 Hardcover  – June, 1999
by William Samuel Stephenson (Editor),     Nigel West   (Introduction)

 (https://www.amazon.com/British-Security-Coordination-Intelligence-1940-1945/dp/088064236X)

also see:

Espionage: Past, Present and Future?
By Wesley K. Wark

The British government withdrew many of the BSC documents and
noted that they would be closed until 2041 the centenary of Pearl Harbor ...

 (https://books.google.com/books?id=3UEsBgAAQBAJ&pg=PA86&lpg=PA86&dq=David+Ignatius+BSC&source=bl&ots=EkvmXRvv7k&sig=EAfg3-a7URNVEGkWGDW7_Z2QHvg&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj--_exzOLQAhWhiVQKHZSqAjMQ6AEIQjAH#v=onepage&q=David%20Ignatius%20BSC&f=false)
Title: Re: British Security Coordination - "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 07, 2016, 11:13:09 am
Bump for Dec 7 2016 - 75th anny

https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/opinions/1989/09/17/how-churchills-agents-secretly-manipulated-the-us-before-pearl-harbor/0881f7a8-7c9d-49d0-8338-eac3be333134/?utm_term=.942dd908f87f
HOW CHURCHILL'S AGENTS SECRETLY MANIPULATED THE U.S. BEFORE PEARL HARBOR
By David Ignatius September 17, 1989  


SECRET HISTORY of British intelligence operations in America during World War II reveals that Britain was engaged in a far broader -- and more cynical -- attempt to manipulate the United States in the two years before Pearl Harbor than has previously been revealed
.

The British planted propaganda in American newspapers, covertly manipulated radio stations and wire services, harassed their political enemies in Congress and the labor movement and plotted against American corporations that were unfriendly to British interests, according to the secret history.


They also pushed for creation of an American intelligence agency and helped install William J. Donovan -- whom the British referred to as "our man" -- at its head. Among its many revelations, the history lists the publishers or editors of five of the nation's leading newspapers as friends "who rendered service of particular value" to the anti-Nazi prop-aganda campaign.

The study also boasts of British contacts with three leading columnists of the day: Walter Lippmann, Walter Winchell and Drew Pearson. Intelligence experts say it was a masterful covert-action program -- arguably the most effective in history. And by drawing the United States out of isolationism and into the web of British secret operations in a global war, it changed America forever.

"BSC ran a vast range of covert operations which, in effect, became the foundation of subsequent OSS and CIA operations
," says Thomas F. Troy, a retired CIA officer who is a leading historian of American intelligence activities during the war. Like many intelligence operations, this one involved an exquisite moral ambiguity: The British used ruthless methods to achieve their goals, and by today's peacetime standards, some of their activities may seem outrageous. Yet they were done in the cause of Britain's war against the Nazis -- a cause regarded today almost universally as just -- and by pushing America toward intervention, the British spies helped win the war.

Details of the British campaign are contained in a 423-page document that carries the bland title, "British Security Coordination (BSC): An Account of Secret Activities in the Western Hemisphere, 1940-45." This study, marked "top secret," was prepared in 1945 by BSC historians.

Ten leather-bound copies were distributed, supposedly to Roosevelt, Churchill and various British intelligence chiefs. None has surfaced publicly, until now.

The Washington Post was shown a copy of the BSC history last week and allowed to take extensive notes on it by an individual who asked to remain anonymous. The Post asked Troy, the American intelligence historian, to review the material and verify its authenticity. The BSC history's frank account of British spying makes it "one of the most astounding documents in history," says Rupert Allason, an intelligence historian who writes under the name Nigel West. He says an American publisher, which separately obtained a copy of the BSC study, has asked him to write an introduction. The British Cabinet Office, he adds, is deliberating whether to approve publication of the study in England. (A spokesman for the Cabinet Office had no comment on the matter.) The chief of the British covert campaign was the late Sir William Stephenson, who was celebrated in a 1976 book, "A Man Called Intrepid." The author of "Intrepid," William Stevenson (no relation) said in an interview that he consulted the official BSC history in preparing his book but deliberately omitted details that were "disagreeable" and might hamper future Anglo-American cooperation.
...
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 07, 2016, 12:11:36 pm
http://www.reformation.org/us-conned-into-ww2.html
HOW THE U.S. WAS CONNED IN WORLD WAR II

...
Just before the "surprise attack," the Father of U.S. cryptography was working for the Canadian government.

In 1920, Herbert O. Yardley broke the Japanese code, but in 1929 he was fired by Secretary of State Henry L. Stimson because he broke the Vatican's diplomatic code.

In May 1941, the Canadian government hired Yardley to set up their own cryptographic bureau.
   

The American Black Chamber (Bluejacket Books) Paperback  – January 15, 2013
During the 1920s Herbert O. Yardley was chief of the first peacetime cryptanalytic organization in the United States, the ancestor of today's National Security Agency. Funded by the U.S. Army and the Department of State and working out of New York, his small and highly secret unit succeeded in breaking the diplomatic codes of several nations, including Japan

 (http://www.reformation.org/american-black-chamber.jpg)
Yardley's tell all book was published in 1931 (https://www.amazon.com/American-Black-Chamber-Bluejacket-Books/dp/1591149894). [/b] Herbert O. Yardley  (1886–1958). 

Yardley soon had the Canadians listening in on German, Japanese, and Vichy French coded transmissions. Just days before Pearl Harbor, Churchill ordered the Canadian government to fire Yardley . . . because he knew too much:


On Saturday December 6, 1941, Yardley made one final bid to save the job he loved. He sent a lengthy memo to Stone asking that the arrival of his replacement from Britain be delayed thirty days to give him a chance to defend himself. He enclosed a copy of a personal appeal made on his behalf to the President's wife, Eleanor Roosevelt.

 There was no reprieve. The British had ruled that Yardley had to be out of town before the new man arrived. Yardley's contract had only two more days to run. Though it was a few more weeks before he actually cleared the city, it was effectively his last day on the job. (Bryden, Best-Kept Secret: Canadian Intelligence in the Second World War, p. 89).

The firing of Yardley meant that the truth about the "surprise attack" would be covered up, and the Canadians were prevented from developing their own signals intelligence independent of the British. Only hours after the "surprise attack" Canada declared war on Japan.
...
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 07, 2016, 12:42:22 pm
http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.php?/topic/18892-pearl-harbor-memos-uploaded/
...

William Stephenson, the head of British Security Coordination (BSC) that was based in New York City managed to record the conversations of Japanese special envoy Suburu Kurusu with others in the Japanese consulate in November 1941. Marion de Chastelain was the cipher clerk who transcribed these conversations. On 27th November, 1941, William Stephenson sent a telegram to the British government: "Japanese negotiations off. Expect action within two weeks." According to Roald Dahl, who worked for BSC:

 "
Stephenson had tapes of them discussing the actual date of Pearl Harbor... and he swears that he gave the transcription to FDR. He swears that they knew therefore of the oncoming attack on Pearl Harbor and hadn't done anything about it."


http://spartacus-educational.com/SPYbsc.htm

British Security Coordination (BSC) managed to record the conversations of Japanese special envoy Suburu Kurusu with others in the Japanese consulate in November 1941. Marion de Chastelain was the cipher clerk who transcribed these conversations. On 27th November, 1941, William Stephenson sent a telegram to the British government: "Japanese negotiations off. Expect action within two weeks." According to Roald Dahl, who worked for BSC:

 "Stephenson had tapes of them discussing the actual date of Pearl Harbor... and he swears that he gave the transcription to FDR. He swears that they knew therefore of the oncoming attack on Pearl Harbor and hadn't done anything about it."
...

Bill Macdonald, the author of The True Intrepid: Sir William Stephenson and the Unknown Agents (2001) has pointed out:

"Although they were called British Security Coordination, the Stephenson people were very much a law unto themselves. They made many separate deals with other countries and distributed information amongst the three Western Allies. They controlled many of the secrets of the three countries, including ULTRA and MAGIC, and also had communication influence in the South Pacific and Asia. There were a number of British appointments at BSC, but essentially, Stephenson contacted his friends, put them to work, and had them find staff... The important work these people accomplished during the war has never been fully explored."
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 07, 2016, 01:17:49 pm
http://www.richardsorge.com/excerpts/1941/
...


219 Pearl Harbor and the Philippines were attacked on December 7, and Guam shortly after Wake Island. In an AFTERWORD to Prange's At Dawn We Slept co-authors Donald Goldstein and Katherine Dillon suggest that Haan's warnings went ignored because it was believed that he had earlier been a double agent for Tokyo in 1936. Goldstein and Dillon therefore argue that "one can readily understand why the U.S. government would hesitate to act upon his unsupported word in such an important matter." Goldstein and Dillon fail, however, to mention Haan's accuracy -- and that Prange overlooked Haan altogether. (Prange, At Dawn We Slept, p.741).



Early November

Japanese Army and Naval Operations Orders concerning an attack on (to be carried out December 8th in Japan/December 7th in Pearl Harbor) are circulated to important government and military officials. Important Japanese Embassies across the globe are sent copies of the plan, thereby increasing "the number of personnel who knew all or part of Japan's great secret... several thousandfold." 700 copies of the plan were circulated.

It is possible that early drafts of the plan circulated much earlier 221 (See January 21 and 27, 1941) The plan details an attack "in the east [against] the American Fleet." It also discusses an attack against British Malaya, the Philippines, the Netherlands East Indies and Burma, and the American outposts on Guam and Wake.

Specific references to the impending attack on Pearl Harbor are minimal: "Will observe and attack American Fleet in Hawaii area. Will make a surprise attack on the channel leading into Pearl Harbor..."

As Sorge confirmed the Japanese move South to the Soviets back in October, it is possible that Sorge had advanced intelligence of the details of the plan. (Costello, The Pacific War, pp.635-636).
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 08, 2016, 11:11:32 am
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/soviet-master-spy-is-hanged-by-the-japanese
1944 Soviet master spy Richard Sorge is hanged by the Japanese

Nov 7, 1944, Richard Sorge, a half-Russian, half-German Soviet spy, who had used the cover of a German journalist to report on Germany and Japan for the Soviet Union, is hanged by his Japanese captors.

Sorge fought in World War I in the German army, and then earned his doctorate in political science at the University of Hamburg. He joined Germany’s Communist Party in 1919, traveling to the USSR in 1924. His first major assignment for Soviet intelligence was in the late 1920s, when he was sent to China to organize a spy ring. Returning to Germany, he joined the Nazi Party in 1933 to perfect his cover as a loyal German. He proceeded to develop a reputation as a respected journalist working for the Frankfurter Zeitung, finally convincing his editors to send him to Tokyo as a foreign correspondent in the mid-1930s. Once in Japan, Sorge proceeded once again to create a spy ring, which included an adviser to the Japanese cabinet and an American communist, who was also working for Soviet intelligence as Sorge’s interpreter.

Sorge had so successfully ingratiated himself with the German diplomatic community in Japan that he was allowed to work out of the German embassy, giving him access to confidential files. At the same time, he also befriended Japanese government officials, attempting to convince them not to go to war with the Soviet Union.

In May 1941, Sorge reported back to Moscow that Hitler was planning an invasion of the Soviet Union, and that 170 divisions were preparing to invade on June 20, but Stalin ignored the warning. Sorge was also able to report, in August 1941, that Japan had plans to attack targets in the South Pacific, not in the Soviet Union. This enabled Stalin to remove troops from the Manchurian border, freeing them up for when the Germans finally invaded, as there would be no “eastern front.”

But Sorge’s brilliant spy career came to an end on October 18, 1941, when Japanese counterintelligence exposed his operation and he was arrested, along with 34 members of his ring. He was finally hanged in 1944. Twenty years later, he was officially declared a Hero of the Soviet Union.
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 08, 2016, 11:34:08 am
http://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/wwii/articles/failureanddestruction.aspx
Failure and Destruction, Clark Field, the Philippines, December 8, 1941

This article is a description of the disaster in the Philippines and the parts played by some individuals in it. In its last sections, I discuss possible reasons for the disparity in punishment meted out to the officers surprised at Pearl Harbor and officers who, knowing that war had started, failed to prevent or blunt the disaster that hit their commands.
....

(http://www.euronet.nl/users/wilfried/ww2/network/clarkfield.jpg)

Convinced that the Japanese would be unable to attack before April 1942, MacArthur was confident that the Philippines defenses would be proof against the assault.[7] On December 5, 1941, in a meeting with British Admiral Tom Phillips, the commander of the Royal Navy detachment at Singapore, MacArthur spoke confidently, "The inability of an enemy to launch his air attack on these islands is our greatest security.... [N]othing would please me better than if they would give me three months and then attack here ... that would deliver the enemy into our hands."[8] As it turned out, the Japanese didn't please MacArthur. They attacked three days later.

 According to Richard L. Watson, author of the chapter about Pearl Harbor and Clark Field in the Army Air Force History, Army Air Forces in World War II: Vol. 1: Plans and Early Operations, January 1939 to August 1942, "about 90 pursuits" were in the islands.[9] Bartsch (2003)[10] presents a more detailed inventory (see table 3). The USAAF had 71 P-40Bs and Es, the only "modern" pursuits, in the islands. The other pursuits, the P-35As, lacked adequate armament, armor, and self-sealing gas tanks. The B-18s that appear as equipment of the bomb groups were inadequate bombers and were used as transports.

News of War Comes to the Philippines, December 8, 1941


 Army and Navy officers in the Philippine Islands learned about Pearl Harbor within minutes of the attack. William Manchester, in his generally positive recounting of General Douglas MacArthur's life, American Caesar, [11] and Stanley Wientraub,[12] more critical of the general,[13] agree that the first official news of the attack was a phone call to Admiral Thomas Hart, the commander of the U.S. Navy's Asiatic Fleet.

 "At 0230 of the 8th (0800, 7 December, Pearl Harbor time),"[14] about five minutes after the Pearl Harbor attack began, a Navy radioman in Manila heard the famous "This is no drill" message. He passed it to the officer of the day who telephoned Admiral Hart in his room at the Manila Hotel. The ringing telephone woke Hart at "just a few minutes before"[15] or "a few minutes after" 3:00 AM .[16]

 Commercial radio broadcasts were the army's first source of information about Pearl Harbor.[17] Bartsch credits Pvt. Harry Seiff, the 20th Pursuit Squadron's (PS's) cook, as being the first soldier at Clark to hear about Pearl Harbor.[18] News spread rapidly, and Brigadier General Richard Sutherland, General MacArthur's chief of staff, telephoned MacArthur in his penthouse of the Manila Hotel at about 3:30 AM.[19]

 Less than an hour and a half after Pearl Harbor, General George C. Marshall, USA Chief of Staff, sent a radiogram to MacArthur. Handed to MacArthur at 5:30 A.M., Manila time, the message stated, "hostilities between Japan and the United States ... have commenced.... Carry out tasks assigned in Rainbow Five... ."[20]

 Characteristic of the reporting of that confused morning, the extent of Army-Navy interactions is unclear. Manchester states, "Hart neglected to share this vital information [Pearl Harbor] with MacArthur or any other Army officer."[21] Weintraub writes that Hart's chief of staff, Admiral William R. Purnell, "rushed the news to General Sutherland...."[22] Bartsch (2003) agrees with Weintraub's account. "Twenty-five minutes later (at 3:55 AM), he (MacArthur) received confirmation of the attack through Admiral Hart."[23] Given Manchester's bias toward MacArthur, he might be expected to favor interpretations that suggest the people around him failed the general; in this case, the Navy failed to inform him. Weintraub and Bartsch, more critical of the general, go in the other direction, citing evidence that MacArthur had been well informed.

 The author of the chapter about Clark Field in the Air Force History states, "Base commanders received prompt notification and all units were placed on combat alert."[24] Perhaps, but the notification was not always prompt. The 34th PS based at Del Carmen Field (see table 1), did not receive news of Pearl Harbor until about 8:00.[25] And, as would be expected, many individual soldiers learned by word of mouth. Ed Whitcome, then a B-17 navigator, writes,

 I was on the way to breakfast at the mess hall [at Clark Field] a block away. It seemed that it would be just another day of preparing to go to war until somebody said, "There is a rumor that the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor."[26]   

 The Army history probably has it right, when it says,

 By breakfast, the news of the attack on Pearl Harbor had reached all ranks. The men had for so long accepted the fact that war with Japan might come that the event itself was an anticlimax. There was no cheering and no demonstration, but "a grim, thoughtful silence." [Reference omitted.][27]   

Decisions Not Made and Messages Not Forwarded
 
 When informed about Pearl Harbor, General Brereton drove to see General MacArthur to request permission to carry out the planned-for bombing of Japanese bases on Formosa. Arriving at USAFFE Headquarters at 5:00, Brereton did not see MacArthur. Manchester says that Sutherland told Brereton that MacArthur was in conference with Admiral Hart and could not be disturbed;[28] Bartsch states that Sutherland told Brereton that MacArthur was in conference;[29] Weintraub writes that Sutherland had Brereton "cool his heels" before telling him that MacArthur was unavailable.[30] As Brereton left USAFFE Headquarters, Sutherland told him to go ahead with his plans and that he would secure MacArthur's permission for the attack.

 Time was critical. Clearly, an attack should be launched before the Japanese struck. Neither that attack nor any other was forthcoming.

 Brereton returned to USAFFE headquarters at about 7:15. Again, Sutherland prevented his seeing MacArthur and told Brereton that MacArthur had not responded to his request for permission to attack Formosa. When Brereton pressed Sutherland, Sutherland went into MacArthur's office, quickly returned, and said MacArthur had denied the request. "The General says no. Don't make the first overt act."[31]

 The words "first overt act" play a major role in understanding, interpreting, or explaining away the events of December 8, 1941. For this discussion, the words originate in a "war warning" that General Marshall sent to Army commanders on November 27, 1941: "... hostile actions possible at any moment.... If hostilities cannot, repeat, cannot be avoided the United States desires that Japan commit the first overt act...."[32]

 Sutherland and MacArthur cite compliance with that message as a reason for denying Brereton permission to launch the bombing attacks. Certainly bombing Formosa would have been an overt act. Brereton's argument that Pearl Harbor had been an overt act did not persuade Sutherland. Neither did Sutherland's knowledge, not shared with Brereton, that Japan had already bombed Davao, a port on the Philippine island of Mindanao. After the bombings of Pearl Harbor and Davao, hardly anyone – except Sutherland and MacArthur – would characterize a subsequent American strike as the "first overt act."

 Another reason has been suggested MacArthur's reluctance to issue orders. In Bartsch's words:

 Some have speculated that MacArthur may have hesitated to attack Formosa in deference to Pres. Manuel Quezon's alleged hope that the Japanese would not attack the Philippines if MacArthur did not attack them first. On the other hand, Quezon reportedly told Maj. Gen. Dwight Eisenhower in ... 1942: "... MacArthur was convinced for some strange reason that the Philippines would remain neutral and would not be attacked by the Japanese."[33]   [/b]

 MacArthur had been a serving officer in the U.S. Army since July 1941, when he resigned his reign as Field Marshal of the Philippine Army.[34] As a U.S. Army officer, he was subject to Marshall's command to initiate RAINBOW 5, which included air attacks on Japanese targets. His cavalier disregard of that order hardly squares with his self-portrayal as the embodiment of West Point's credo "Duty, honor, country."[35]

 At about 8:00, Brigadier General Gerow in Marshall's office telephoned MacArthur to ask if he had received the cables that Marshall had sent earlier in the morning. MacArthur said yes and offered no explanation for his having not responded sooner.[36] Gerow said, "I wouldn't be surprised if you got an attack there in the near future."[37] To which MacArthur responded, "tell General Marshall that 'our tails are up in the air.'"[38]

 Tails had been "up in the air. On the night of December 7-8, as on several nights during the preceding week, the Iba radar (the only operational radar in the Philippines) had detected airplanes flying from the north. At a little after midnight, 1st Lt Hank Thorne, commanding officer of the 3rd PS , led a flight of six P-40Es into the air, and, guided by radar, attempted an interception. Iba radar lost radio contact with Thorne's flight and the radar operators watched as path of the American pursuits intersected that of the Japanese. The P-40 pilots saw no airplanes[39] and returned to Iba to make the first night landing at that field in the lights of cars and trucks shown on the runway.

 A few hours later, at 4:00 A.M. or so, and after news of Pearl Harbor had arrived, the pilots of the 17th and 21st PSs at Nichols Field on the outskirts of Manila, were sitting in the cockpits or beneath the wings of their P-40Es. At Iba, the pilots of the 3rd PS in their P-40Es, and the pilots of the 20th PS in their P-40Bs were in a similar state of readiness at Clark. The 34th PS at San Carlos Field, equipped with woeful P-35As, had not been alerted in the pre-dawn darkness.

 Sleepy and on-edge, pilots wondered about the war. When would it reach them? Would their machine guns fire? (many had never been fired in flight). How would their heavy, slow-climbing pursuits perform? (on interception training flights, U.S. bombers had simply flown away from them at altitudes over 20,000 feet).

A little before 8:00 A.M., Iba radar informed the Air Warning Service (AWS) at Nielson Field that at least 30 Japanese aircraft were flying south over Luzon apparently headed for Clark Field. The warning service teletyped that information to 24th PG headquarters at Clark.

 Major Orrin Grover, commanding officer of the 24th PG, scrambled two squadrons – the 17th at Nichols Field and the 20th at Clark – and sent them to patrol at 15,000 feet over Tarlac, 21 miles north of Clark. In his after-action report, Grover wrote that he ordered the 34th to patrol over Clark in its P-35As[40] in case any Japanese planes broke through the 17th and 20th. There is no other indication that the order was given to the 34th. In any case, no such order reached the 34th, which was on the ground at San Carlos when the Japanese attacked four hours later.

 The takeoffs of the 20th PS and the 19th BG from Clark were something of a miracle. Downwind, crosswind, and into the wind, accelerating P-40Bs dashed around and between lumbering B-17Cs and Ds in hair-raising near-collisions. All the pursuits and bombers got safely into the air.

 Orders for the 19th BG were as much up in the air as were the bombers. Brereton returned to his office from his 7:00 rebuff by Sutherland to tell his staff that they could send three B-17s on a photoreconnaissance mission over Formosa. Brereton's staff questioned the need for the reconnaissance flights. According to Captain Allison Ing, on the FEAF staff, target folders were complete enough to plan bombing attacks.[41]

 At 8:00, Brereton called Sutherland. Fifty minutes later, Sutherland returned the call to say, "Hold off bombing Formosa for the present."

 Sutherland also told Brereton not to call again. Maybe an hour later, after receiving reports of Japanese bombing of cities north of Clark, Brereton ignored Sutherland's instruction, and called again. At 10:00, Sutherland reiterated that no offensive mission was authorized.[42] All that changed, 15 minutes later. MacArthur, himself, called Brereton and authorized strikes on Formosa.

 Brereton's staff went ahead with plans to dispatch 3 B-17s on the photoreconnaissance flight as soon as the necessary cameras arrived at Clark from Nichols and to launch a bombing attack to arrive over Formosa at last light in the afternoon. Charts for the bombing attack and overlays that located Japanese airfields were prepared for the briefing of pilots and navigators. The preparation and distribution of those charts is rather convincing evidence that the photoreconnaissance flights were not necessary for the bomb mission. (Bartsch,[43] in discussing Brereton's actions on December 8, points out that the three B-17s would have made a bigger contribution as members of the planned bomb mission than in a not-entirely necessary reconnaissance.)

 Two and a half hours after the frenzied 8:30 takeoff from Clark, essentially every aircraft in the islands was on the ground, being serviced or ready for takeoff. The pilots of the 17th and 20th PSs had flown back to Clark, along with the B-17s of the 19th BG. The 3rd at Iba, the 21st at Nichols, and the 34th PS at San Carlos, had remained on the ground.

 The outward appearance of a normal peacetime day in the FEAF disappeared at 11:27 A.M. Iba radar picked up a flight of aircraft over the Gulf of Lingayen on the west coast of Luzon, north of Iba Point and reported the sighting to the AWS at Nichols. By 11:37, AWS teletyped the radar report to 24th PG Headquarters at Clark Field.

 And from here, the course of warnings and messages and orders grows blurry. Records of teletyped and radioed messages and orders are obscured in or have been lost from, understandably, poor records[44] and what are surely self-serving after-action reports.[45]

 What is certain is that no American pursuit intercepted a single Japanese bomber.[46] It's also certain the 19th BG 's B-17s and the 20th PS's P-40Bs were on the ground, when Japanese bombs began to fall at 12:35.[47] As Whitcomb, then a B-17 navigator, writes, "The first notice we had at the 19th Bombardment Group Headquarters was when someone screamed, 'Here they come!'"[48]

Defeat in the Philippines

 Fifty minutes after the first bombs fell on Clark, the Japanese flew back to Formosa, leaving Americans confronting death and wounds, destruction and damage, fire and smoke, and demoralization. When the Japanese flew away, half the B-17s and one-third of the P-40s were destroyed, and two of the four P-40-equipped pursuit squadrons were eliminated as combat units. As surely as if all its planes had been destroyed, the fifth pursuit squadron, the 34th, equipped with P-35As, had also been eliminated from the war. Its pilots knew their planes were deathtraps in aerial combat with Japanese fighters.

 Two days later, on December 10, the Japanese bombed and strafed Nichols and Del Carmen Fields, leaving those bases in shambles and destroying about half the remaining P-40s and all but five P-35As. Three days after war's start, the Japanese had eliminated U.S. airpower from the Philippines at the trifling cost of a few aircraft and their crews.

On the afternoon of December 8, MacArthur had announced that B-17s would strike Formosa the next day. That attack was not launched. Indeed, the B-17s, intended to play the major role in defending the Philippines by striking and eliminating Japanese bases, never played that role.

 The destruction of American aircraft on the ground inflicted a "fatal blow" on the FEAF[49] and American prospects in the Philippines. At Pearl Harbor, the carnage had ended as the last Japanese attacker flew away. Rescue and repair began, the wounded were aided, and except for those who died from their wounds, there were no more casualties. Certainly, the loss of several battleships dealt a blow to U.S. prestige and morale, but the absence of those ships was to make little difference in the war. The consequences of the Japanese attacks in the Philippines were more far reaching.

 Without air support, U.S. and Philippine troops mounted a resolute defense against the Japanese. Only on April 9, 1942, more than a month after the Japanese had expected to complete their conquest, did the combined U.S. and Philippine forces, having suffered 20,000 deaths, surrender on Luzon. More deaths and suffering awaited them. Only half the 20,000 Americans that went into Japanese captivity survived the war; some were murdered outright, some were tortured, many died of overwork, maltreatment, and absence of medical care. [50],[51] A larger proportion of captured Filipinos died.

 The surrender of the Philippine Islands marked the largest surrender of U.S. troops and the largest loss of U.S. territory in history. It extended the reach of the Japanese Empire 1,000 miles into the Pacific, and the Naval Base at Cavite, near Manila, the excellent harbors on Manila Bay, and the American airfields were valuable additions to Japanese naval and military strength.

 Neither the successful launch of the planned bombing attacks against Japanese bases on the first day of war or the loss of fewer U.S. airplanes in the initial Japanese attacks would have saved the Philippines from conquest. U.S. forces in the Philippines were simply inadequate to block the Japanese.

 Nevertheless, a successful U.S. attack might have caught some Japanese planes on the ground and might have disrupted or reduced the ferocity of Japanese attacks. Preserving more U.S. aircraft would have left the U.S. with a striking force – the B-17s – and some aerial defense – P-40s. Instead, U.S. air power in the Philippines was rendered toothless before it could strike a blow.


Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 08, 2016, 12:05:57 pm
http://www.tragedyofbataan.com/march/
http://www.tragedyofbataan.com/bsteele/
(http://www.tragedyofbataan.com/bsteele/steele_shooting_a_straggler.jpg)

Ben was at Clark Field as an Operations Specialist and was there on December 8, 1941 when the field was attacked. Ben began drawing in the Bilibid Prison Hospital while recovering from the brutal Tayabas Road Detail. Throughout the program I use his drawings depicting the Bataan Death March.
...

Ben was born in Roundup, Montana in 1917. His parents were ranchers and Ben worked on the family ranch. After the Depression claimed his family's ranch Ben continued to worked on nearby ranches. In 1940 Ben joined the Army Air Corps and was sent to the Philippines. Ben was surrendered on Bataan and participated in the Death March in April of 1942. The Death March is seared in the memories of all who survived and many of Ben's drawings depict the Bataan Death March.

Ben, as a POW, began drawing while in the Bilibid Hospital in Manila. Ben had been on the infamous Tayabas Road Detail where nearly one third of the POW's died. Ben was brought to the hospital in terrible condition suffering from dysentery, beri beri, pneumonia and malaria and he was given Last Rites. But he survived and while recovering he began to sketch on the cement floors of the hospital with charcoal. First were cowboy scenes and later he began to draw life as a POW. Drawing would be one of his survival mechanisms. He had to be very careful not to be caught by the Japanese since many of his drawings documented the brutal treatment by them.

Ben, like many of his buddies, was destined to be shipped to Japan as a slave laborer. Ben left his drawings with Father Duffy a Catholic Priest for safe keeping. Unfortunately, Father Duffy was later shipped out on the Oryoku Maru for the same purpose. But the ship was bombed and sunk by American Bombers and the drawings were lost, although Father Duffy survived.

After the war Ben was encouraged to continue to pursue art by his psychiatrists and enrolled at the Cleveland Institute of Art. He continued his studies and graduated from Kent State with a BSE and a MA degree from the University of Denver. He became a professor of art at East Montana College and taught there 22 years. Ben recreated the drawings that had been lost and are now known as The Ben Steele Prisoner of War Collection.
...

(http://www.mygen.com/images/steele_the_death_march.jpg)
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 08, 2016, 12:36:08 pm
http://www.antiwar.com/news/?articleid=4122
The Final Secret of Pearl Harbor
December 7, 2004
by John T. Flynn
October 1945
 
On Wednesday, August 29, 1945, President Truman gave out the reports of the Army and Navy Boards directed by Congress to investigate the responsibility for the great disaster of December 7, 1941, at Pearl Harbor.
,...

The Roberts Report – which was also doctored before being released – blamed Admiral [Husband] Kimmel and General [Walter] Short for the defeat

Now the two Army and Navy reports expand the guilt to cover General Marshall, Admiral Stark and former Secretary of State Hull. Marshall and Stark were the Army and Navy chiefs in December. 1941.

All the top commanders have now been blamed, plus various lesser commanders.

But the greatest commander of all is left out – the Commander-in-Chief. In the 150,000 words of these findings and comments the name of Franklin D. Roosevelt stands out in almost monumental conspicuousness by its absence.

The Army and Navy chiefs, the former Secretary of State and Congress have been blamed and the President of the United States has added to the culprits the 130,000,000 people of the United States. The only person not blamed is Franklin D. Roosevelt, who was running the whole show.

....

It was Roosevelt who personally managed the whole crisis. It was Roosevelt who bottled the fleet in Pearl Harbor. It was Roosevelt who stripped the base of its defenses. First then, let us look at the crisis as it developed in Washington. Let us see it now in the light of the facts which this government has hidden and which I will now reveal publicly for the first time.

...
However, in spite of all the suppressions, the story of Pearl Harbor is known. And here I propose to tell it.

Put in plain terms the tragedy of Pearl Harbor was the dark fruit of three incredible blunders.

First in importance was the manner in which the crisis was managed.

The second blunder was the bottling of the fleet in Pearl Harbor.

The third was the stripping of the defenses of Pearl Harbor. It was Roosevelt who personally managed the whole crisis. It was Roosevelt who bottled the fleet in Pearl Harbor. It was Roosevelt who stripped the base of its defenses.

First then, let us look at the crisis as it developed in Washington.
Let us see it now in the light of the facts which this government has hidden and which I will now reveal publicly for the first time.
....

Why Was the Fleet in Pearl Harbor?

Here we must note a fact of great importance. The Pacific Fleet had always been based on our West Coast. Pearl Harbor was a supply and repair base of operations in the mid-Pacific. It was Roosevelt who forced the change of bringing the Fleet into Pearl Harbor.

In 1940, Admiral Richardson was made Commander-in-Chief of the Pacific Fleet. He was one of the Navy's foremost figures. Since his earliest days, after leaving Annapolis, he had made the study of Japanese warfare his life work. He was beyond question the Navy's outstanding authority upon Pacific naval warfare and Japanese strategy.

He was the logical man for the post. As the war clouds darkened over the Pacific he was in the spot for which his whole professional life had been a training. Richardson was ordered to berth the Pacific Fleet in Pearl Harbor. This he refused to do – an act no one but a very distinguished officer could risk. He was ordered a second time and again refused. It was Richardson's belief – and indeed generally supported by the Navy – that the Fleet should never be berthed inside Pearl Harbor where it would be a mark for attack. This was particularly true in such troubled times when the airways of the East were hot with rumors of approaching conflict. What is more, Richardson held the belief that Pearl Harbor was the logical first point of attack for the Japanese High Command, wedded as it was to the theory of undeclared and surprise warfare.

But Richardson was overruled by Roosevelt, the amateur admiral. Whether Richardson was relieved of his command or resigned in protest I do not know. Certainly he departed from it. At this point, Admiral Husband E. Kimmel was placed in command.
...
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 08, 2016, 02:33:30 pm
https://www.loc.gov/rr/frd/Military_Law/pdf/Martial-Law_Green.pdf

Martial Law in Hawaii
DEC 7, 1941--APRIL 4, 1943


Foreword
During the Fall of 1941 diplomatic relations between the United States and Japan, which had been steadily deteriorating, took a sudden turn for the worse. In November of that year envoys from Japan had cone to Washington ostensibly for the purpose of settling by peaceful means existing international differences.

...

The 170,000 residents of Hawaii who were of Japanese origin were a valuable asset and there can be no doubt that the Japanese Empire intended to take every possible step to insure the support of that group.

It was for the United States authorities to determine to what extent the Americans of Japanese ancestry in Hawaii subscribed to the ideology of Japan. It was indeed a tough nut to crack and the situation permitted of no second guess.


...
The "Bomb Plot" Messages

Beginning as early as September 24, 1941, the Japanese Consul General at Honolulu, acting upon directives from Tokyo, began making detailed reports concerning the movements of the American Fleet at Pearl Harbor. These reports included the berthing's of the ships in the Harbor areas.

 Such reports were first made twice a week but later were increased to daily reports. These messages were later designated as "Bomb Plot" messages because they definitely pointed the finger at the bombing of Pearl Harbor. Typical of these messages was that sent on November 24th concerning the fleet practice of leaving Pearl Harbor, conducting maneuvers and returning, and stating that the fleet had not remained for a long period of time at Lahina Road or conducted maneuvers there. It mentioned that destroyers and submarines only were anchored at Lahina Roads.

It reported the times when cruisers and other ships left for sea and the duration of their stay. All of these messages were intercepted, decoded and read in Washington. However, neither the messages nor transcripts of them were made available to the commanders at Pearl Harbor. Furthermore, the fact that such messages were being sent by the Consul General was never made known to these commanders prior to the War.

...
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 08, 2016, 07:55:29 pm
There had to be a human sacrifice first ...

And what we have learned is this:
 There is no such thing as security for any nation—or any individual—in a world ruled by the principles of gangsterism.
 There is no such thing as impregnable defense against powerful aggressors who sneak up in the dark and strike without warning.
 We have learned that our ocean-girt hemisphere is not immune from severe attack—that we cannot measure our safety in terms of miles on any map any more.
 


http://web2.millercenter.org/speeches/audio/spe_1941_1209_roosevelt.mp3
This transcript contains the published text of the speech, not the actual words spoken. There may be some differences between the transcript and the audio/video content.

http://millercenter.org/president/fdroosevelt/speeches/speech-3325
Fireside Chat 19: On the War with Japan (December 9, 1941)
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Transcript

My Fellow Americans:

 The sudden criminal attacks perpetrated by the Japanese in the Pacific provide the climax of a decade of international immorality.
 Powerful and resourceful gangsters have banded together to make war upon the whole human race. Their challenge has now been flung at the United States of America. The Japanese have treacherously violated the longstanding peace between us. Many American soldiers and sailors have been killed by enemy action. American ships have been sunk; American airplanes have been destroyed.

 The Congress and the people of the United States have accepted that challenge.

 Together with other free peoples, we are now fighting to maintain our right to live among our world neighbors in freedom, in common decency, without fear of assault.

 I have prepared the full record of our past relations with Japan, and it will be submitted to the Congress. It begins with the visit of Commodore Parry to Japan eighty-eight years ago. It ends with the visit of two Japanese emissaries to the Secretary of State last Sunday, an hour after Japanese forces had loosed their bombs and machine guns against our flag, our forces and our citizens.

 I can say with utmost confidence that no Americans today or a thousand years hence, need feel anything but pride in our patience and in our efforts through all the years toward achieving a peace in the Pacific which would be fair and honorable to every nation, large or small. And no honest person, today or a thousand years hence, will be able to suppress a sense of indignation and horror at the treachery committed by the military dictators of Japan, under the very shadow of the flag of peace borne by their special envoys in our midst.

 The course that Japan has followed for the past ten years in Asia has paralleled the course of Hitler and Mussolini in Europe and in Africa. Today, it has become far more than a parallel. It is actual collaboration so well calculated that all the continents of the world, and all the oceans, are now considered by the Axis strategists as one gigantic battlefield.

 In 1931, ten years ago, Japan invaded Manchukuo—without warning.
 In 1935, Italy invaded Ethiopia—without warning. In 1938, Hitler occupied Austria—without warning.
 In 1939, Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia—without warning. Later in '39, Hitler invaded Poland—without warning. In 1940, Hitler invaded Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium and Luxembourg—without warning.
 In 1940, Italy attacked France and later Greece—without warning.

 And this year, in 1941, the Axis Powers attacked Yugoslavia and Greece and they dominated the Balkans—without warning. In 1941, also, Hitler invaded Russia—without warning. And now Japan has attacked Malaya and Thailand—and the United States—without warning.

 It is all of one pattern.

 We are now in this war. We are all in it—all the way. Every single man, woman and child is a partner in the most tremendous undertaking of our American history. We must share together the bad news and the good news, the defeats and the victories—the changing fortunes of war.
 So far, the news has been all bad. We have suffered a serious setback in Hawaii. Our forces in the Philippines, which include the brave people of that Commonwealth, are taking punishment, but are defending themselves vigorously. The reports from Guam and Wake and Midway Islands are still confused, but we must be prepared for the announcement that all these three outposts have been seized.

 The casualty lists of these first few days will undoubtedly be large. I deeply feel the anxiety of all of the families of the men in our armed forces and the relatives of people in cities which have been bombed. I can only give them my solemn promise that they will get news just as quickly as possible.

 This Government will put its trust in the stamina of the American people, and will give the facts to the public just as soon as two conditions have been fulfilled: first, that the information has been definitely and officially confirmed; and, second, that the release of the information at the time it is received will not prove valuable to the enemy directly or indirectly.

 Most earnestly I urge my countrymen to reject all rumors. These ugly little hints of complete disaster fly thick and fast in wartime. They have to be examined and appraised.

 As an example, I can tell you frankly that until further surveys are made, I have not sufficient information to state the exact damage which has been done to our naval vessels at Pearl Harbor. Admittedly the damage is serious. But no one can say how serious, until we know how much of this damage can be repaired and how quickly the necessary repairs can be made.

 I cite as another example a statement made on Sunday night that a Japanese carrier had been located and sunk off the Canal Zone. And when you hear statements that are attributed to what they call "an authoritative source," you can be reasonably sure from now on that under these war circumstances the "authoritative source" is not any person in authority.

 Many rumors and reports which we now hear originate, of course, with enemy sources. For instance, today the Japanese are claiming that as a result of their one action against Hawaii they hare gained naval supremacy in the Pacific. This is an old trick of propaganda which has been used innumerable times by the Nazis. The purposes of such fantastic claims are, of course, to spread fear and confusion among us, and to goad us into revealing military information which our enemies are desperately anxious to obtain.

 Our Government will not be caught in this obvious trap—and neither will the people of the United States.

 It must be remembered by each and every one of us that our free and rapid communication these days must be greatly restricted in wartime. It is not possible to receive full and speedy and accurate reports front distant areas of combat. This is particularly true where naval operations are concerned. For in these days of the marvels of the radio it is often impossible for the Commanders of various units to report their activities by radio at all, for the very simple reason that this information would become available to the enemy and would disclose their position and their plan of defense or attack.

 Of necessity there will be delays in officially confirming or denying reports of operations, but we will not hide facts from the country if we know the facts and if the enemy will not be aided by their disclosure.

To all newspapers and radio stations—all those who reach the eyes and ears of the American people—I say this: You have a most grave responsibility to the nation now and for the duration of this war.

 If you feel that your Government is not disclosing enough of the truth, you have every right to say so. But in the absence of all the facts, as revealed by official sources, you have no right in the ethics of patriotism to deal out unconfirmed reports in such a way as to make people believe that they are gospel truth.
 Every citizen, in every walk of life, shares this same responsibility. The lives of our soldiers and sailors—the whole future of this nation—depend upon the manner in which each and every one of us fulfills his obligation to our country.
 Now a word about the recent past and the future. A year and a half has elapsed since the fall of France, when the whole world first realized the mechanized might which the Axis nations had been building up for so many years. America has used that year and a half to great advantage. Knowing that the attack might reach us in all too short a time, we immediately began greatly to increase our industrial strength and our capacity to meet the demands of modern warfare.
 Precious months were gained by sending vast quantities of our war material to the nations of the world still able to resist Axis aggression. Our policy rested on the fundamental truth that the defense of any country resisting Hitler or Japan was in the long run the defense of our own country. That policy has been justified. It has given us time, invaluable time, to build our American assembly lines of production.
 Assembly lines are now in operation. Others are being rushed to completion. A steady stream of tanks and planes, of guns and ships and shells and equipment—that is what these eighteen months have given us.
 But it is all only a beginning of what still has to be done. We must be set to face a long war against crafty and powerful bandits. The attack at Pearl Harbor can be repeated at any one of many points, points in both oceans and along both our coast lines and against all the rest of the Hemisphere.
 It will not only be a long war, it will be a hard war. That is the basis on which we now lay all our plans. That is the yardstick by which we measure what we shall need and demand; money, materials, doubled and quadrupled production—ever-increasing. The production must be not only for our own Army and Navy and air forces. It must reinforce the other armies and navies and air forces fighting the Nazis and the war lords of Japan throughout the Americas and throughout the world.
 I have been working today on the subject of production. Your Government has decided on two broad policies.
 The first is to speed up all existing production by working on a seven day week basis in every war industry, including the production of essential raw materials.
 The second policy, now being put into form, is to rush additions to the capacity of production by building more new plants, by adding to old plants, and by using the many smaller plants for war needs.

 Over the hard road of the past months, we have at times met obstacles and difficulties, divisions and disputes, indifference and callousness. That is now all past—and, I am sure, forgotten.

 The fact is that the country now has an organization in Washington built around men and women who are recognized experts in their own fields. I think the country knows that the people who are actually responsible in each and every one of these many fields are pulling together with a teamwork that has never before been excelled.

 On the road ahead there lies hard work—grueling work—day and night, every hour and every minute.
 I was about to add that ahead there lies sacrifice for all of us.

 But it is not correct to use that word. The United States does not consider it a sacrifice to do all one can, to give one's best to our nation, when the nation is fighting for its existence and its future life.

 It is not a sacrifice for any man, old or young, to be in the Army or the Navy of the United States. Rather it is a privilege.
 It is not a sacrifice for the industrialist or the wage earner, the farmer or the shopkeeper, the trainmen or the doctor, to pay more taxes, to buy more bonds, to forego extra profits, to work longer or harder at the task for which he is best fitted. Rather it is a privilege.
 It is not a sacrifice to do without many things to which we are accustomed if the national defense calls for doing without it.

 A review this morning leads me to the conclusion that at present we shall not have to curtail the normal use of articles of food. There is enough food today for all of us and enough left over to send to those who are fighting on the same side with us.

 But there will be a clear and definite shortage of metals for many kinds of civilian use, for the very good reason that in our increased program we shall need for war purposes more than half of that portion of the principal metals which during the past year have gone into articles for civilian use. Yes, we shall have to give up many things entirely.

 And I am sure that the people in every part of the nation are prepared in their individual living to win this war. I am sure that they will cheerfully help to pay a large part of its financial cost while it goes on. I am sure they will cheerfully give up those material things that they are asked to give up.

 And I am sure that they will retain all those great spiritual things without which we cannot win through.

 I repeat that the United States can accept no result save victory, final and complete. Not only must the shame of Japanese treachery be wiped out, but the sources of international brutality, wherever they exist, must be absolutely and finally broken.

 In my Message to the Congress yesterday I said that we "will make very certain that this form of treachery shall never endanger us again." In order to achieve that certainty, we must begin the great task that is before us by abandoning once and for all the illusion that we can ever again isolate ourselves from the rest of humanity.

 In these past few years—and, most violently, in the past three days—we have learned a terrible lesson.
It is our obligation to our dead—it is our sacred obligation to their children and to our children—that we must never forget what we have learned.

 And what we have learned is this:

 There is no such thing as security for any nation—or any individual—in a world ruled by the principles of gangsterism.
 There is no such thing as impregnable defense against powerful aggressors who sneak up in the dark and strike without warning.
 We have learned that our ocean-girt hemisphere is not immune from severe attack—that we cannot measure our safety in terms of miles on any map any more.

 We may acknowledge that our enemies have performed a brilliant feat of deception, perfectly timed and executed with great skill. It was a thoroughly dishonorable deed, but we must face the fact that modern warfare as conducted in the Nazi manner is a dirty business. We don't like it—we didn't want to get in it—but we are in it and we're going to fight it with everything we've got.

 I do not think any American has any doubt of our ability to administer proper punishment to the perpetrators of these crimes.

 Your Government knows that for weeks Germany has been telling Japan that if Japan did not attack the United States, Japan would not share in dividing the spoils with Germany when peace came. She was promised by Germany that if she came in she would receive the complete and perpetual control of the whole of the Pacific area—and that means not only the Ear East, but also all of the Islands in the Pacific, and also a stranglehold on the west coast of North, Central and South America.

 We know also that Germany and Japan are conducting their military and naval operations in accordance with a joint plan. That plan considers all peoples and nations which are not helping the Axis powers as common enemies of each and every one of the Axis powers.

 That is their simple and obvious grand strategy. And that is why the American people must realize that it can be matched only with similar grand strategy. We must realize for example that Japanese successes against the United States in the Pacific are helpful to German operations in Libya; that any German success against the Caucasus is inevitably an assistance to Japan in her operations against the Dutch East Indies; that a German attack against Algiers or Morocco opens the way to a German attack against South America and the Canal.
 On the other side of the picture, we must learn also to know that guerilla warfare against the Germans in, let us say Serbia or Norway, helps us; that a successful Russian offensive against the Germans helps us; and that British successes on land or sea in any part of the world strengthen our hands.

Remember always that Germany and Italy, regardless of any formal declaration of war, consider themselves at war with the United States at this moment just as much as they consider themselves at war with Britain or Russia. And Germany puts all the other Republics of the Americas into the same category of enemies. The people of our sister Republics of this Hemisphere can be honored by that fact.

 The true goal we seek is far above and beyond the ugly field of battle. When we resort to force, as now we must, we are determined that this force shall be directed toward ultimate good as well as against immediate evil. We Americans are not destroyers—we are builders.
 We are now in the midst of a war, not for conquest, not for vengeance, but for a world in which this nation, and all that this nation represents, will be safe for our children. We expect to eliminate the danger from Japan, but it would serve us ill if we accomplished that and found that the rest of the world was dominated by Hitler and Mussolini.

 So we are going to win the war and we are going to win the peace that follows.

 And in the difficult hours of this day—through dark days that may be yet to come—we will know that the vast majority of the members of the human race are on our side. Many of them are fighting with us. All of them are praying for us. But, in representing our cause, we represent theirs as well—our hope and their hope for liberty under God.

| - - -

Update - China Officially declares war on Japan:

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/ww2/chinawar.html
China's Declaration of War Against Japan, Germany and Italy
(December 9, 1941)

Japan waged an undeclared war on China from July 7, 1937, and China resisted that undeclared war without technically announcing the existence of a state of war until December 9, 1941, when the text of the declaration was issued by Lin Sen, President of the Chinese Republic.

Japan's national policy has always aimed at the domination of Asia and mastery of the Pacific. For more than four years China has resolutely resisted Japan's aggression, regardless of suffering and sacrifice, in order not only to maintain her national independence and freedom but also to uphold international law and justice and to promote world peace and human happiness.

China is a peace-loving nation. In taking up arms in self-defense, China entertained the hope that Japan might yet realise the futility of her plans of conquest. Throughout the struggle all the other powers have shown the utmost forbearance likewise in the hope that Japan might one day repent and mend her ways in the interest of peace in the entire Pacific region.

Unfortunately Japan's aggressive capacities prove to be incorrigible. After her long and fruitless attempt to conquer China, Japan, far from showing any signs of penitence, has treacherously launched an attack on China's friends, the United States and Great Britain, thus extending the theater of her aggressive activities and making herself the arch-enemy of justice and world peace.

This latest act of aggression on the part of Japan lays bare her insatiable ambitions and has created a situation that no nation which believes in international good faith and human decency can tolerate.

The Chinese Government hereby formally declares war on Japan. The Chinese Government further declares that all treaties, conventions, agreements and contracts regarding relations between China and Japan are and remain null and void.

(The Chinese Government's Declaration of War on Germany and Italy.)

Since the conclusion of the Tripartite Pact of September 1940, Germany, Italy, and Japan have unmistakably banded themselves into a block of aggressor states working closely together to carry out their common program of world conquest and domination. To demonstrate their solidarity Germany and Italy successively accorded recognition to Japan's puppet regimes in northeastern China and at Nanking. As a consequence, China severed her diplomatic relations with Germany and Italy last July. Now the Axis powers have extended the theater of their aggressive activities and thrown the whole Pacific region into turmoil, making themselves the enemies of international justice and world civilization.

This state of affairs can no longer be tolerated by the Chinese Government and people. The Chinese Government hereby declares that as from midnight, December 9, 1941, a state of war exists between China and Germany and between China and Italy. The Chinese Government further declares that all treaties, conventions, agreements, and contracts regarding relations between China and Germany and between China and Italy are and remain null and void.
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: chris jones on December 09, 2016, 10:11:47 am
Hi T.

  WOW, great rant.......& Info.....
    A question, did you ever hear the expression" the war to end all wars"?
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 09, 2016, 11:31:25 am
Another BSC reference and the suppression of documents until 2041:

http://howardblum.com/truth-in-espionage-challenge-writing-spies/
Truth in Espionage: Howard Blum on Writing and Researching Spies

While researching The Last Goodnight, I sat down to talk with a CIA official. I had come with the hope of picking the scholar’s brain about Betty Pack, the British and American secret agent who had done so much to help the Allies win World War II.

I told him I planned to write a non-fiction book about Ms. Pack. He laughed dismissively, and then launched into a lecture on the epistemology of espionage.

Too many lies?

Even non-fiction spy stories, to his way of thinking, were a search for ultimately elusive truths. The best that can be hoped for is a reliable hypothesis. No spy tale is ever the whole story; there are always too many unknowns, too many lies being passed off as facts, too many deliberate miscues by one participant or another.

And now having finished writing the non-fiction book that had prompted my visit to the CIA, I want to reiterate to its readers that The Last Goodnight is a true story.

Finding the truth about Betty Pack.

I have been able to draw on a treasure trove of information to tell Betty Pack’s story: her memoirs, tape-recorded reminiscences, childhood diaries, and a lifetime of letters; the Office of Strategic Service Papers at the National Archives; Federal Bureau of Investigation files; State Department records; the British Security Coordination Official history; Foreign Office archives at the Public Record Office; and interviews with members of both the British and American intelligence services.

And yet I am also forced to acknowledge that there is a cautionary kernel of truth in the CIA scholar’s warning. There are, among the official sources, contradictory versions of events. And another caveat – governments, even more than a half-century later, hold on to their secrets.

Betty’s 65-page FBI file is heavily redacted; tantalizing files at the National Archives are marked “Security Classified information, withdrawn at the request of a foreign government;” and the files assembled by H. Montgomery Hyde, Betty’s wartime colleague in the British secret service and her first biographer, that were bequeathed to Churchill College, Cambridge, have been edited.

Parts of this collection are “closed indefinitely;” individual documents have been removed by intelligence service “weeders;” and some papers have been officially “closed until the year 2041.”

| - - -

Betty Pack was charming, beautiful, and intelligent—and she knew it. As an agent for Britain’s MI-6 and then America’s OSS during World War II, these qualities proved crucial to her success. This is the remarkable story of this “Mata Hari from Minnesota” (Time) and the passions that ruled her tempestuous life—a life filled with dangerous liaisons and death-defying missions vital to the Allied victory.

For decades, much of Betty’s career working for MI-6 and the OSS remained classified. Through access to recently unclassified files, Howard Blum discovers the truth about the attractive blond, codenamed “Cynthia,” who seduced diplomats and military attachés across the globe in exchange for ciphers and secrets; cracked embassy safes to steal codes; and obtained the Polish notebooks that proved key to Alan Turing’s success with Operation Ultra.


| - - -

http://www.historynet.com/amy-elizabeth-thorpe-wwiis-mata-hari.htm

...
Amy Pack was recruited by the British intelligence and allotted an entertainment allowance of 20 pounds sterling to cultivate her high-placed Polish sources. Of her first official male conquest, she would later tell a biographer and future lover, ‘Our meetings were very fruitful, and I let him make love to me as often as he wanted, since this guaranteed the smooth flow of political information I needed.’ Pack met her next target at a dinner party hosted by the American ambassador. The handsome Pole seated next to her was a personal aide to foreign minister Jósef Beck. Although married, the aide was sufficiently impressed by his dinner companion to send her pink roses the next morning.

From him Pack learned Polish experts were working on overcoming the threat posed by Germany’s Enigma enciphering machine. The extent of her contribution to the ‘Ultra secret’ that gave the Allies a crucial edge over the Nazis remains a matter of conjecture. In fact, however, Britain would owe its ability to decode so much of Germany’s World War II radio traffic to the efforts of the Poles, who had cooperated with the French in working out the Enigma system.

In Prague, Pack obtained conclusive proof of Hitler’s plans to dismember Czechoslovakia. For reasons that remain unclear, in the fall of 1938 the ambassador ordered her to leave the country. The following April, having called a domestic truce, a recuperated Arthur Pack and his wife traveled to South America, where he took over his embassy’s commercial section in Santiago, Chile.

When World War II started, Amy Pack offered her talents to the British intelligence service. She soon was writing political articles for Spanish- and English-language newspapers in Chile. Britain was then gearing up its intelligence and propaganda efforts in the hemisphere, placing them in the spring of 1940 under the British Security Coordination (BSC), headed by Canadian William Stephenson.

Amy Pack left her husband and sailed to New York, where she was given her code name, ‘Cynthia,’ and an assignment to set up shop in Washington, D.C. As her cover, she posed as a journalist. Her first major assignment was obtaining the Italian naval cryptosystem. Given her mission, it was only logical that Cynthia look up her old friend Alberto Lais, now an admiral and naval attaché at Italy’s Washington embassy. Virtually all published accounts say that Cynthia pried from the 60-year-old admiral the Italian navy’s code and cipher books, as well as plans to disable Italian ships in U.S. ports to prevent their seizure. The literary consensus is that Cynthia’s amorous success contributed to British victories in the Mediterranean. The lady herself, who described her relationship with Lais as’sentimental and even sensual rather than sexual,’ said she received the ship sabotage information directly from the admiral and access to the sensitive books from his assistant with Lais’ full cooperation.
...
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 09, 2016, 12:55:17 pm
British Security Coordination (BSC); 13.

http://documents.theblackvault.com/documents/nsa/cold_war_i.pdf

THE CRYPTOLOGIC ALLIES

America's SIGINT relationship with Great Britain also dates to World War II. In July 1940, the British ambassador to Washington, Lord Lothian, proposed that the two nations exchange information on, among other things, technological secrets related to "submarine detection and radio traffic." This appears to have pertained generally to SIGINT, but the wording of the now famous Lothian Letter did not really say precisely what he (or Churchill) meant. It also appears that day-to-day intelligence cooperation predated the Lothian Letter, for in April of the same year President Roosevelt met Churchill's special envoy William Stephenson to discuss a plan for secret cooperation between the FBI and British secret intelligence. According to a fascinating account in the somewhat unreliable book by William Stevenson (unrelated to the wartime William Stephenson), it was at that meeting that Stephenson informed Roosevelt of British progress in breaking the German ENIGMA system. (This might have happened but was quite out of character for the security-conscious British.) This meeting did, in fact, lead to the establishment of the British Security Coordination (BSC) in Washington, with Stephenson in charge. During its early days this organization dealt primarily in HUMINT and counterintelligence. 18

...


So initial hesitance was eventually converted to approval, and on the day after Christmas 1940, the Army decided once and for all to initiate a complete cryptologic exchange with the British. In February 1941, Captain Abraham Sinkov and Lieutenant Leo Rosen of the Army's SIGINT organization, along with Lieutenant Robert Weeks and Ensign Prescott Currier of the Navy, sailed to London. They brought with them a PURPLE
Analog, a machine the Army was using to break the keys for the Japanese diplomatic cipher system
. They had instructions to initiate a complete exchange of cryptanalytic and SIGINT information.19

The British appear to have been flabbergasted. Never had they anticipated that the United States would simply walk in and plunk down their most secret cryptanalytic machine. This was, indeed, an intelligence exchange worth the money. But they were cautious. They did not tell the Army and Navy emissaries everything they were doing, and they did not show them the ENIGMA operation at first. Agreed upon in principal in
1940, the complete exchange of cryptologic information and techniques progressed slowly through the war. Once again the Navy, reluctant in the beginning, produced the more beneficial exchange. This was due largely to historical circumstances. The Army was still mobilizing and clearly would not see action in Europe until at least late 1942, if not later.

But the Navy was already engaging German U-boats in the North Atlantic. They and the British had worked out a convoy system, and daily cooperation in intelligence was essential to avoiding wolf packs. Thus it was that Commander Roger Winn, who headed the Operational Intelligence Center in the Admiralty, convinced the U.S. Navy that it must have something similar. Prompted by Winn, the U.S. Navy established the mysterious organization called F-21 (Atlantic Section, Combat Intelligence Division, U.S. Fleet) and its still more mysterious submarine tracking room. The latter used all sources of intelligence, including U-boat positions obtained by ENIGMA decrypts, passed to them by the British.

...

http://documents.theblackvault.com/documents/nsa/cold_war_ii.pdf

| - - - -

http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=3623

Citation:  Charles C. Kolb. Review of Stephenson, William S., ed., British Security Coordination: The Secret History of British Intelligence in the Americas 1940-1945. H-Diplo, H-Net Reviews. December, 1999.
...
There is nothing in the BSC report that suggests that the British manipulated or withheld information about the pending Japanese attack at Pearl Harbor.

On the other hand, we have no idea what materials were in the BSC archives destroyed in 1945 and what these may have contained or if the present document is a "sanitized" version of the events or itself designed as a propaganda piece. The formal declaration of war on Japan by the United States following the "Day of Infamy" would soon be augmented by the declaration of war on the United States by Japan's allies -- Nazi Germany and Italy. What might have been the result if these latter declarations had not occurred? This is "alternative" history in the manner of Harry Turtledove.

In sum, British Security Coordination is a primary document to be added to the materials now available on the British intelligence services, particularly the late Francis Harry Hinsley's masterful British Intelligence in the Second World War, 4 vols. (London: HMSO, 1979-1990); the fifth volume is edited by Michael Howard (1990).

The BSC is mentioned only briefly in Hinsley's compendia (Vol. 2, pp. 53-55, 1981; Vol. 4 with 18 scattered references, 1990).

References to the BSC-OSS relationship may also be found in published American sources, notably the War Report of the OSS, Vol. 2 (New York: Walker, 1976) prepared by the U.S. War Department Strategic Services Unit, History Project (Office of the Assistant Secretary of War), with an introduction by Kermit Roosevelt.

Therefore, British Security Coordination provides the reader with more than a glimpse into the BSC's activities in the Western Hemisphere and suggests that yet classified revealing documents may be found among the classified materials in the United States and, especially, the London Whitehall's wartime espionage and intelligence archives.

We cannot assess further the questions of the completeness or the accuracy of the 1998 publication in comparison with the 1945 report. Nonetheless, the current volume is the most comprehensive report extant on the BSC's organization, mission, and activities in the Western Hemisphere and it does shed light on U.S. and British prewar cooperation, British objectives in having the Americans join in the European conflict, and the resulting postwar world.


| - - -

http://www.ossreborn.com/files/War%20Report%20of%20the%20OSS%20Volume%201.pdf
WAR REPORT OF THE OSS (Office of Strategic Services)
with a new introduction by Kermit Roosevelt
Prepared by History Project, Strategic Services Unit,
Office of the Assistant Secretary of War, War Department, Washington, D.C.

WALKER AND COMPANY

...

Kermit Roosevelt
...
I came to the history project as a former student who had been working on his Ph.D. in history prior to the war and had interrupted his studies to
go to work for General Donovan during the summer of 1941 as one of the very early recruits in office of the Coordinator of Information.
My doctoral dissertation, almost but never quite completed, was on "Propaganda Techniques in the English Civil Wars." As a by-product, as the war grew
more and more intense in Europe, I had done a draft article on the kind of wartime intelligence and propaganda agency which it seemed to me the U.S. required. This was shown to General Donovan, who was about to be named Coordinator of Information. He requested me to put aside any idea of publication and come to work for him instead.
...

The North African Operation had begun before the existence of Cal, and was under the direction of Robert D. Murphy, who had been charge d' affaires in Vichy and was subsequently Ambassador to Belgium and Japan. It derived from the conclusion of the Weygand-Murphy Accord in February 1941, under which the U.S. had agreed to send certain essential materials and supplies to North Africa on condition that they be used there and not reshipped to Europe, where they might benefit the Axis.

It was understood also that the U.S. would send to French North Africa certain officials to see that this proviso was not disregarded. In the spring of 1941, twelve Control Officers were selected by G-2, State Department and ONI. They were dispatched  in the summer of 1941 to be stationed in Casablanca, Algiers, Oran, Tunis, and Rabat. The career officers already in these cities did not know the real purpose of the control officers, however, and the new group was actually responsible to Murphy in Algiers
...



The Overseas Targets: War Report of the OSS Vol. II Hardcover  – July, 1976
by Strategic Services Unit History Project (Author)  (https://www.amazon.com/Overseas-Targets-War-Report-Vol/dp/0802705391)

\ - - - -

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Daniel_Murphy
Born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Murphy began his federal career at the United States Post Office (1916) then moved to be cipher clerk at the American Legation in Bern, Switzerland (1917). He was admitted to the U.S. Foreign Service in 1921. Among the several posts he held were Vice-Consul in Zürich and Munich, consul in Seville, consul in Paris from 1930 to 1936, and chargé d’affaires to the Vichy government. He was also the one-time State Department specialist on France.

In February 1941, Murphy negotiated the Murphy-Weygand Agreement, which allowed the United States to export to French North Africa in spite of the British blockade and trade restrictions against the Vichy-governed area
...

http://www.nytimes.com/1978/01/11/archives/robert-d-murphy-diplomat-dies-at-83-planned-allied-invasion-of.html?_r=0
...
Former Ambassador Robert D. Murphy, the career diplomat credited with planning the Allied invasion of North Africa in World War II, died Monday at his home at 1009 Park Avenue. He was 83 years old and had been ill since suffering a stroke last November.
...
Mr. Murphy, who served as Ambassador to Belgium and Japan and as Under Secretary of State during a diplomatic career that spanned more than four decades. had been chairman of Corning Glass International and a director of the Corning Glass Works since retiring from Government service in 1959.
...

He was awarded the country's Distinguished Service Medal and also received a number of foreign honors, including ihe French Croix de Guerre with palm, the Belgian Order of Leopold, the Japanese Order of the Rising Sun, the German Order of Merit and the Spanish Order of Isabella.

| - - - -

http://www.hcs.harvard.edu/tempus/archives_files/x2_02.pdf
The OSS and Operation TORCH: The Beginning of the Beginning
Eleony Moorhead, Harvard Class of 2011, History Concentrator
Tempus: The
...
Tempus 1

Until July 1941, America had never run a clandestine service. The U.S. government had operated under the rule, famously articulated by former Secretary of State Henry L. Stimson: “Gentlemen do not read each other’s mail.”1

But in early 1941, as President Franklin D. Roosevelt confronted the possibility of U.S. entry into World War II, he saw the need to create an agency that would bring U.S. foreign intelligence – then conducted on an ad hoc basis by various federal departments – under one roof.

On July 11, 1941, FDR appointed Colonel William J. ‘Wild Bill’ Donovan – a decorated World War I hero and well-known Republican lawyer – as the leader of this new civilian agency, dubbed the Office of the Coordinator of Information (COI) and answerable only to the President.

 A little less than a year later, a presidential military order transformed COI into the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) – an arm of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, charged with collecting and analyzing strategic information and performing covert operations.
...

| - - - -
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Kerr,_11th_Marquess_of_Lothian
Philip Henry Kerr, 11th Marquess of Lothian, KT CH PC DL (18 April 1882 – 12 December 1940), known as Philip Kerr until 1930, was a British politician, diplomat and newspaper editor
...

Ambassador to the United States

In September 1939, Lothian was appointed Ambassador to the United States,[17] a post he held until his death, the following year. He was sworn of the Privy Council in August 1939[18] and made a Knight of the Thistle in November 1940.[19]
...
On 19 July 1940, Hitler in a speech put out peace feelers to Britain. Without seeking permission from the British government, Lothian asked Malcolm Lovell, an American Quaker in touch with the Germans, to inquire what terms were on offer to "a proud and unconquered nation". However, on 22 July, Foreign Secretary Lord Halifax delivered a speech rejecting the offer.[20] Harold Nicolson wrote in his diary, "Lothian claims that he knows the peace terms and they are most satisfactory. I am glad to say that Halifax pays no attention to this".[21]

Lothian played a central role in enlisting American support for economic aid to the British war effort.[22] Upon his arrival in New York on 23 November 1940, he told the assembled journalists: "Well, boys, Britain's broke; it's your money we want".[23] The near-bankruptcy of the United Kingdom had been a closely guarded secret, and Lothian went well beyond Prime Minister Winston Churchill's instructions in divulging it. The remarks caused a sudden drop in confidence in sterling and were exploited by German propaganda. Lothian's statement helped force President Franklin Roosevelt's hand in responding to British appeals by proposing the Lend-Lease Program to aid Britain.[24] He initiated the joint Anglo-American military organisation of the Combined Chiefs of Staff
...

| - - - - '

https://archive.org/details/BritishSecurityCoordinationIntelligenceOperations
British Security Coordination Intelligence Operations, 1939-1941
by Federal Bureau of Investigation


https://ia600205.us.archive.org/12/items/BritishSecurityCoordinationIntelligenceOperations/British%20Security%20Coordination%20-%20Intelligence%20Operations,%201939-1941.pdf
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 09, 2016, 11:52:27 pm
Dec 10 1941 - Guam surrendered to Japanese forces:

http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-guam
...
More than 60 years ago, death and destruction were all over this beautiful beach. It began with the surprise Japanese invasion of the strategically located island on December 8, 1941, one hour after the attack on Pearl Harbor (there is a significant time zone difference), which overran Guam’s meager defensive forces in only two days.

For the next two and a half years, the native Chamorro population was subjected to beatings, forced labor, executions, brainwashing, and—near the end of the Japanese occupation—internment in concentration camps.

Then, on July 21, 1944, 55,000 Americans landed on Asan and Agat beaches to wrest the American territory away from its occupiers. By August 10, after an intense and deadly struggle, the Americans regained control of the island; it soon became the command post for their Western Pacific operations.
...
The Battle of Guam: 1944

In July 1944, US forces retook the island of Guam after weeks of fierce fighting, leading to over 7,000 American casualties and over 18,000 Japanese killed.

Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 11, 2016, 11:18:00 am
Dec 11 1941:  Japanese Invasion of Burma Begins - Hitler Declares War on the U.S.A.

http://ww2db.com/battle_spec.php?battle_id=59
Invasion of Burma

Contributor: C. Peter Chen

Burma, isolated from the rest of the world with mountainous ranges on her western, northern, and eastern borders, was a British colony with a degree of autonomy. With the pressure from Japan, British armed Burma with some British and Indian troops and obsolete aircraft so that there would be a small buffer between Japan and India, crown jewel of Britain's Asiatic empire. United States also aimed to help Burma as a direct result of Japanese pressure, but the reason was much different than that of the British; the United States looked to maintain Burmese outside Japanese control so that supply lines into China would remain open. The supplies traveled into China via the Burma Road, a treacherous gravel road that connected Kunming, China with Lashio, Burma that opened in 1938. Britain and United States' worries about Burma were not unfounded, as Japan did look to incorporate Burma into her borders. Beyond the wish to cut off China's supply lines, a Japanese-occupied Burma would also provide Japan added security from any potential flanking strikes from the west against the southward expansion that was about to take place.

The Invasion Began
11 Dec 1941

On 11 Dec 1941, only days after Japan's declaration of war against Britain, Japanese aircraft struck airfields at Tavoy, south of Rangoon. On the next day, small units of Japanese troops infiltrated into Brumese borders and engaged in skirmishes against British and Burmese troops. On the same day, a Flying Tigers squadron transferred from China to Rangoon to reinforce against the upcoming invasion.

Under the banner of liberating Burma from western imperialism, the Japanese 15th Army of the Southern Expeditionary Army under the command of Shojiro Iida marched across the border in force from Siam. Airfields at Tavoy and Mergui fell quickly, removing the whatever little threat the obsolete British aircraft posed and preventing Allied reinforcements from the air.

| - - - -

http://www.ihr.org/jhr/v08/v08p389_hitler.html

Germany's Declaration of War Against the United States
Hitler's Reichstag Speech of December 11, 1941

    It has often been said that Hitler's greatest mistakes were his decisions to go to war against the Soviet Union and the United States . Whatever the truth may be, it's worth noting his own detailed justifications for these fateful decisions.

On Thursday afternoon, December 11, 1941, four days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Hitler spoke to the Reichstag in Berlin.

The 88-minute address, which he had written himself, was broadcast to the nation. In it the German leader recounted the reasons for the outbreak of war in September 1939, explained why he decided to strike against the Soviet Union in June 1941, reviewed the dramatic course of the war thus far, and dealt at length with President Franklin Roosevelt's hostile policies toward Germany. Hitler detailed the increasingly belligerent actions of Roosevelt's government, and then dramatically announced that Germany was now joining Japan in war against the United States.

The day after it was delivered, an inaccurate and misleading translation of portions of the address appeared in The New York Times. Although this historic address should be of particular interest to Americans, a complete text has apparently never before been made available in English.

...

Deputies! Men of the German Reichstag!

A year of world-historical events is coming to an end. A year of great decisions is approaching. In this grave period I speak to you, deputies of the Reichstag, as the representatives of the German nation. In addition, the entire German nation should also review what has happened and take note of the decisions required by the present and the future.

After the repeated rejection of my peace proposal in 1940 by the British prime minister [Winston Churchill] and the clique that supports and controls him, it was clear by the fall of that year that this war would have to be fought through to the end, contrary to all logic and necessity. You, my old Party comrades, know that I have always detested half-hearted or weak decisions. If Providence has deemed that the German people are not to be spared this struggle, then I am thankful that She has entrusted me with the leadership in a historic conflict that will be decisive in determining the next five hundred or one thousand years, not only of our German history, but also of the history of Europe and even of the entire world.

The German people and its soldiers work and fight today not only for themselves and their own age, but also for many generations to come. A historical task of unique dimensions has been entrusted to us by the Creator that we are now obliged to carry out.

The western armistice which was possible shortly after the conclusion of the conflict in Norway [in June 1940] compelled the German leadership, first of all, to militarily secure the most important political, strategic and economic areas that had been won. Consequently, the defense capabilities of the lands which were conquered at that time have changed.

...

A truly impressive amount of authentic material is now available which confirms that a Soviet Russian attack was intended. We are also sure about when this attack was to take place. In view of this danger, the extent of which we are perhaps only now truly aware, I can only thank the Lord God that He enlightened me in time, and has given me the strength to do what must be done. Millions of German soldiers may thank Him for their lives, and all of Europe for its existence.

I may say this today: If this wave of more than 20,000 tanks, hundreds of divisions, tens of thousands of artillery pieces, along with more than 10,000 airplanes, had not been kept from being set into motion against the Reich, Europe would have been lost.

Several nations have been destined to prevent or parry this blow through the sacrifice of their blood. If Finland [for one] had not immediately decided, for the second time, to take up weapons, then the comfortable bourgeois life of the other Nordic countries would quickly have been extinguished.

If the German Reich, with its soldiers and weapons, had not stood against this opponent, a storm would have burned over Europe that would have eliminated, once and for all time, and in all its intellectual paucity and traditional stupidity, the laughable British idea of the European balance of power.

...

The attack began at dawn on June 22 [1941]. With dauntless daring, the frontier fortifications that were meant to protect the Soviet Russian build-up against us from surprise attack were broken through. Grodno fell by June 23. On June 24, following the capture of Brest-Litovsk, the fortress [there] was taken in combat, and Vilnius and Kaunas [in Lithuania] were also taken. Daugavpils [in Latvia] fell on June 26.

The first two great encirclement battles near Bialystok and Minsk were completed on July 10. We captured 324,000 prisoners of war, 3,332 tanks and 1,809 artillery pieces. By July 13 the Stalin Line had been broken through at almost every decisive point. Smolensk fell on July 16 after heavy fighting, and German and Romanian units were able to force their way across the Dniester [river] on July 19. The Battle of Smolensk ended on August 6 after many encircling operations. As a result, another 310,000 Russians were taken as prisoners. Moreover, 3,205 tanks and 3,120 artillery pieces were counted -- either destroyed or captured. Just three days later the fate of another Soviet Russian army group was sealed. On August 9, in the battle of Uman, another 103,000 Soviet Russian prisoners of war were taken, and 317 tanks and 1,100 artillery pieces were either destroyed or captured.

Nikolayev [in the Ukraine] fell on August 13, and Kherson was taken on the 21st. On the same day the battle near Gomel ended, resulting in 84,000 prisoners as well as 144 tanks and 848 artillery pieces either captured or destroyed. The Soviet Russian positions between the Ilmen and Peipus [lakes] were broken through on August 21, while the bridgehead around Dnepropetrovsk fell into our hands on August 26. On the 28th of that month German troops entered Tallinn and Paldiski [Estonia] after heavy fighting, while the Finns took Vyborg on the 20th. With the capture of Petrokrepost on September 8, Leningrad was finally cut off from the south. By September 16 bridgeheads across the Dnieper were formed, and on September 18 Poltava fell into the hands of our soldiers. German units stormed the fortress of Kiev on September 19, and on September 22 the conquest of [the Baltic island of] Saaremaa [Oesel] was crowned by the capture of its capital.

And now came the anticipated results of the greatest undertakings. The battle near Kiev was completed on September 27. Endless columns of 665,000 prisoners of war marched to the west. In the encircled area, 884 tanks and 3,178 artillery pieces were captured. The battle to break through the central area of the Eastern front began on October 2, while the battle of the Azov Sea was successfully completed on October 11. Another 107,000 prisoners, 212 tanks and 672 artillery pieces were counted. After heavy fighting, German and Romanian units were able to enter Odessa on October 16. The battle to break through the center of the Eastern front, which had begun on October 2, ended on October 18 with a success that is unique in world history. The result was 663,000 prisoners, as well as 1,242 tanks and 5,452 artillery pieces either destroyed or captured. The capture of Dagoe [Hiiumaa island] was completed on October 21. The industrial center of Kharkov was taken on October 24. After very heavy fighting, the Crimea was finally reached, and on November 2 the capital of Simferopol was stormed. On November 16 the Crimea was overrun as far as Kerch.

As of December 1, the total number of captured Soviet Russian prisoners was 3,806,865. The number of destroyed or captured tanks was 21,391, of artillery pieces 32,541, and of airplanes 17,322.

During this same period of time, 2,191 British airplanes were shot down. The navy sank 4,170,611 gross registered tons of shipping, and the air force sank 2,346,180 tons. Altogether, 6,516,791 gross registered tons were destroyed.

My Deputies! My German people!

These are sober facts and, perhaps, dry figures. But may they never be forgotten by history or vanish from the memory of our own German nation! For behind these figures are the achievements, sacrifices and sufferings, the heroism and readiness to die of millions of the best men of our own people and of the countries allied with us. Everything had to be fought for at the cost of health and life, and through struggle such as those back in the homeland can hardly imagine
...

From June 22 to December 1 [1941], the German army has lost in this heroic struggle: 158,773 dead, 563,082 wounded and 31,191 missing. The air force has lost: 3,231 dead, 8,453 wounded and 2,028 missing. The navy: 310 dead, 232 wounded and 115 missing. For the German armed forces altogether: 162,314 dead, 571,767 wounded and 33,334 missing.

...


| - - -- -


Germany's Formal Declaration of War Against the United States

About two hours before Hitler began his address to the Reichstag, Germany formally declared war against the United States when Reich Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop delivered a diplomatic note to the American Charge d'Affaires in Berlin, Leland B. Morris.

At almost the same time, the German Charge d'Affaires in Washington, Hans Thomsen, presented a copy of this note to the Chief of the European Division of the Department of State, Ray Atherton. Here is the text of the note:

The government of the United States of America, having violated in the most flagrant manner and in ever increasing measure all rules of neutrality in favor of the adversaries of Germany, and having continually been guilty of the most severe provocations toward Germany ever since the outbreak of the European war, brought on by the British declaration of war against Germany on September 3, 1939, has finally resorted to open military acts of aggression.

On September 11, 1941, the President of the United States of America publicly declared that he had ordered the American Navy and Air Force to shoot on sight any German war vessel. In his speech of October 27, 1941, he once more expressly affirmed that this order was in force.

Acting under this order, American naval vessels have systematically attacked German naval forces since early September 1941. Thus, American destroyers, as for instance, the Greer, the Kearny and the Reuben James, have opened fire on German submarines according to plan. The American Secretary of the Navy, Mr. Knox, himself confirmed that the American destroyers attacked German submarines.

Furthermore, the naval forces of the United States of America, under order of their government and contrary to international law, have treated and seized German merchant ships on the high seas as enemy ships.

The German government therefore establishes the following facts: 

Although Germany on her part has strictly adhered to the rules of international law in her relations with the United States of America during every period of the present war, the government of the United States of America from initial violations of neutrality has finally proceeded to open acts of war against Germany. It has thereby virtually created a state of war.

The government of the Reich consequently breaks off diplomatic relations with the United States of America and declares that under these circumstances brought about by President Roosevelt, Germany too, as from today, considers herself as being in a state of war with the United States of America.
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 11, 2016, 11:33:14 am
http://www.charlotteobserver.com/news/local/article119215493.html
December 6, 2016 3:42 PM
 
SC man seeks to restore grandfather’s honor Navy Adm. Husband Kimmel, commander-in-chief of the Pacific Fleet , 75 years after Pearl Harbor

...
A quick history lesson: Without provocation, Japan launched a surprise attack on the U.S. bases early on Dec. 7, killing 2,403 Americans and wounding 1,178. The raid brought the United States into World War II.

Navy Adm. Husband Kimmel, commander-in-chief of the Pacific Fleet, and U.S. Army Gen. Walter Short were in charge at Pearl Harbor and nearby Army facilities at the time. Kimmel was relieved of command 10 days later. His family says he was shamed into retiring in March 1942 as a two-star admiral rather than at the four-star rank he held before the attack.

Since then, Kimmel and his family have worked diligently to restore not only Kimmel’s and Short’s reputations, but also the ranks they held prior to Dec. 7, 1941.

With the attention prompted by the attack’s anniversary on Wednesday – plus the recent release of a book, “A Matter of Honor,” and a documentary based on the book airing on The History Channel on Wednesday – Manning Kimmel, Husband’s grandson, thinks now is a “small window of opportunity that will close, perhaps forever, when this (Obama) administration leaves office.”

“A Matter of Honor”
was written by Pulitzer Prize finalists Anthony Summers and Robbyn Swan with the subtitle “Pearl Harbor: Betrayal, Blame, and a Family’s Quest for Justice.”

Our work has in fact turned up much new evidence that Admiral Kimmel and General Short were scapegoats,” Swan said by email. “We now feel strongly that the two men should have their ranks posthumously restored.”

Manning Kimmel is urging people to buy the book and to sign a petition at www.kimmelpetition.org

...

Many outside the family have stood up for Husband Kimmel, including Vice President Joe Biden and Secretary of State John Kerry. Investigations indicate responsibility for the Pearl Harbor attacks should be shared by many. Historians debate whether the Date of Infamy would have had a different outcome had officials in Washington shared more top secret intelligence gathered from intercepted Japanese messages with Kimmel and Short.

“A Matter of Honor” reports some of the messages not shared with the Hawaii commanders showed the Japanese were gathering detailed information about Pearl Harbor and the location of ships there. The messages also indicated the Japanese had set a deadline for 7:30 a.m. Dec. 7 in Hawaii. The attack started just before 8 a.m.
...
Read more here: http://www.charlotteobserver.com/news/local/article119215493.html#storylink=cpy

| - - - -

http://www.kimmelfamily.net/Husband3.htm
Text from Section 546 of Public Law 106-398

formerly of Section 582 of Senate Bill S1059
and Section 537 of House Bill HR4205
(106th Congress)

National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2001

POSTHUMOUS ADVANCEMENT ON RETIRED LIST OF REAR ADMIRAL HUSBAND E. KIMMEL AND MAJOR GENERAL WALTER C. SHORT, SENIOR OFFICERS IN COMMAND IN HAWAII ON DECEMBER 7, 1941.

 ...

(3) Numerous investigations following the attack on Pearl Harbor have documented that Admiral Kimmel and Lieutenant General Short were not provided necessary and critical intelligence that was available, that foretold of war with Japan, that warned of imminent attack, and that would have alerted them to prepare for the attack, including such essential communiques as the Japanese Pearl Harbor Bomb Plot message of September 24, 1941, and the message sent from the Imperial Japanese Foreign Ministry to the Japanese Ambassador in the United States from December 6 to 7, 1941, known as the Fourteen-Part Message.

(4) On December 16, 1941, Admiral Kimmel and Lieutenant General Short were relieved of their commands and returned to their permanent grades of rear admiral and major general, respectively.

....

(6) On October 19, 1944, a Naval Court of Inquiry--

(A) exonerated Admiral Kimmel on the grounds that his military decisions and the disposition of his forces at the time of the December 7, 1941, attack on Pearl Harbor were proper `by virtue of the information that Admiral Kimmel had at hand which indicated neither the probability nor the imminence of an air attack on Pearl Harbor';

 (B) criticized the higher command for not sharing with Admiral Kimmel `during the very critical period of November 26 to December 7, 1941, important information . . . regarding the Japanese situation'; and


 (C) concluded that the Japanese attack and its outcome was attributable to no serious fault on the part of anyone in the naval service.

Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 11, 2016, 12:09:14 pm
fyi - After FDR had served his purpose - he was quickly eliminated and no questions or autopsies were made ... :

http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/daybyday/daylog/april-15th-1945/
April 15 1945
Times Log Location Source
8:30am Funeral train arrived Hyde Park, NY STE 
11:00am FDR was laid to rest in Garden of the Roosevelt Estate
Note: Last entry in stenographer's log. Entries for Mrs. Roosevelt in usher's log continue until April 20, 1945, when she left for NYC
Hyde Park, NY
 
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eleanor_Roosevelt_at_Franklin_D._Roosevelt_funeral_in_Hyde_Park,_New_York_-_NARA_-_195418.jpg
(https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d8/Eleanor_Roosevelt_and_DeGaulle_at_Franklin_D._Roosevelt_grave_in_Hyde_Park,_New_York_-_NARA_-_197068.jpg)
Eleanor Roosevelt and DeGaulle at Franklin D. Roosevelt grave in Hyde Park, 26 August 1945

not a big fan of FDR - but when they wanted him gone - it took only 70 hours to have him buried ...

http://www.reformation.org/assassination-of-president-roosevelt.html
The Assassination Of President Roosevelt!!

On March 30, 1945, President Roosevelt arrived in Warm Springs, Georgia, for a 2-week vacation. Just 12 days later he was assassinated by poisoning. The President was only 63-years-old.

Just like the assassination of our beloved President Lincoln, the fingerprints of the British Secret Service are all over this assassination . . . and its outcome.

Dr. Ross T. McIntire was the White House physician in charge of President's Roosevelt's health. Dr. McIntire predicted that the President would be a "different man" when he returned:
...
President Roosevelt drank the poison cup at 12:40 PM, and by 3.35 PM, April 12, 1945, he was pronounced dead.

So rapidly did the funeral take place that by 11 AM, April 15, the President was laid to rest at the Roosevelt estate in Hyde Park, New York.

No more that 70 hours elapsed between the assassination and the burial of the President
...
Violating Georgia state law, no autopsy was performed on the President, as his body was rushed back to Washington City for a quick funeral service, and then burial in Hyde Park, New York.
...

Nicholas Robbins (real name Nicholas Kotzubisky) was the driver and photographer for Elizabeth Shoumatoff. Roosevelt was having his portrait painted by Russian born artist Elizabeth Shoumatoff when he took a break for lunch:

At twenty minutes to one, Arthur Prettyman, the valet, came in and set a cup of gruel, a pitcher of cream, and a glass with a green fluid beside the president. FDR grimaced and without lifting his eyes from his reading, downed the latter, a vile concoction that was supposed to increase his appetite. Daisy got up, poured cream into the gruel, and mixed it. Franklin absently took a few mouthfuls, still absorbed in his papers. (Persico, Franklin & Lucy, p. 339).

After drinking  the vile concoction, Roosevelt complained of a terrible headache.

...
From death to burial took only 70 hours!!

...

The parallels between the assassination of President Lincoln and President Roosevelt are remarkable. In both cases, a war of unprecedented destruction was ending, with the forces of evil on the retreat everywhere.

In both cases, the losers hoped to reverse the course of the war by assassinating the Commander-in-Chief and replacing him with their puppet. [Truman ] John Wilkes Booth was licensed to kill President Lincoln, and the British Secret Service had penetrated every single governmental department in Washington City.

| - - - -

http://www.nytimes.com/2008/10/19/books/review/Heilbrunn-t.html?_r=0

The Devious Bachelor
By JACOB HEILBRUNN
 Published: October 17, 2008

Roald Dahl is famous for his mischievous children’s stories. But as Jennet Conant reports in “The Irregulars,” he was also a British spy. Conant, who has written popular accounts of the secret development of radar and the atomic bomb, shows that Dahl, a former R.A.F. hero, parachuted himself into Washington blue-blood circles in 1942 and used his embassy post to begin spying on Britain’s closest and most important ally.
...
Dahl’s entry into Washington high-life was immeasurably smoothed by the avuncular Texas newspaper magnate and oil tycoon Charles Edward Marsh, who had moved to the capital to aid the New Deal. Marsh, who lived in a 19th-century mansion in Dupont Circle, introduced Dahl to his friends. Soon, Dahl was hobnobbing with Eleanor Roosevelt during weekends at Hyde Park, where he also met the president, allowing him to become, Conant expansively concludes, “a back-channel conduit of information” to Churchill.

In 1943 a crafty Canadian industrialist and associate of Winston Churchill, William Stephenson, tapped Dahl to join his spy network, British Security Coordination. Stephenson’s original mandate had been to help push America into World War II. After Pearl Harbor, he was assigned to keep tabs on America’s postwar plans and to counter any lingering isolationist sentiments.

Despite America’s entry into the war, a number of conservative newspapers and socialites remained rabid Roosevelt haters and loathed the British Empire. Many of them lived in Washington; according to Conant, “with the playgrounds of Europe closed to tourists, moneyed society was forced to stay home, and Washington was brimming with wealthy dowagers and their bored, unmarried daughters.” What the journalist Joseph Alsop later called the “WASP ascendancy” ruled Washington social life.

...


| - - - 

update - FLETCHER PROUTY COMMENTARY says it was the Churchill gang ... 
http://www.prouty.org/coment11.html
....
Roosevelt accepted this offer and did interview Stalin there. At the end of a long interview, he turned to the Generalissimo and asked one more question, "Why is it that my mother has never been permitted to visit Moscow even though she has made three very formal applications for the trip?"

 Stalin glared at Elliott and said, "You don't know why?"

 Elliott replied, "No!"

 Quickly, Stalin responded, "Don't you know who killed your father?"

 Roosevelt-shocked-answered, "No."

 Stalin rising from his chair, continued, "Well, I'll tell you why I have not invited her here. As soon as your father died, I asked my ambassador in Washington to go immediately to Georgia with a request to view the body." Stalin believed that if Gromyko could see the body he would confirm that the cerebral hemorrhage that had caused his death had caused extensive discoloration and distortion.

 Elliot responded that he knew nothing about that and then Stalin said, "Your mother refused to permit the lid of the coffin to be opened so that my ambassador could see the body." Adding "I sent him there three times trying to impress upon your mother that it was very important for him to view the President's body. She never accepted that. I have never forgiven her."


 This forced Elliott to ask this last question, "…but why?"

 Stalin took a few steps around the office, and almost in a rage roared, "They poisoned your father, of course, just as they have tried repeatedly to poison me."

 "They, who are they," Elliot asked


"The Churchill gang!" Stalin roared, "They poisoned your father, and they continue to try to poison me…the Churchill gang!"
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: Al Bundy on December 11, 2016, 12:48:59 pm
@Tahoe Blue
I do not believe that FDR was poisoned. He was ill in 1943. 
I heard the phrase from pro-Ally Serbian emigrants about Conference in Teheran 1943. As they said about 3 Statesmen: two without souls ( Churchill and "Stalin" ) and one without brain or brain damage ( FDR ). "
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 17, 2016, 12:08:24 pm
http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/commander-at-pearl-harbor-canned
Dec 17 1941
Commander at Pearl Harbor canned

On this day, Rear Admiral Husband E. Kimmel was relieved of his command of the U.S. Pacific Fleet as part of a shake-up of officers in the wake of the Pearl Harbor disaster.

Admiral Kimmel had enjoyed a successful military career, beginning in 1915 as an aide to the Assistant Secretary of the Navy, Franklin Delano Roosevelt. He served admirably on battleships in World War I, winning command of several in the interwar period. At the outbreak of World War II, Kimmel had already attained the rank of rear admiral and was commanding the cruiser forces at Pearl Harbor. In January 1941, he was promoted to commander of the Pacific Fleet, replacing James Richardson, who FDR relieved of duty after Richardson objected to basing the fleet at Pearl Harbor.
...

When Admiral Kimmel’s Story, an “as told to” autobiography, was published in 1955, Kimmel made it plain that he believed FDR sacrificed him—and his career—to take suspicion off himself; Kimmel believed Roosevelt knew Pearl Harbor was going to be bombed, although no evidence has ever been adduced to support his allegation.
,...
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 18, 2016, 11:50:51 am
Just to continue the time track of 1941:

What is interesting here is the formation of the shadow govt. at this point . the war powers act was never ended even after wwii ie the cold war was started. Secret funding of military projects began ( Manhattan and radar ) , the black budget never ended ,, the OSS was formed for WWII and then post wwii became the NSA/CIA 

Today we have the yearly NDAA bill passing to continue the perpetual war that the USA is engaged in.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/December_1941#December_18.2C_1941_.28Thursday.29
...
December 18, 1941 (Thursday)

Japanese troops landed on Hong Kong Island.[25]
...

The War Powers Act of 1941 was put into law in the United States.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Powers_Act_of_1941
The War Powers Act of 1941, also known as the First War Powers Act, was an American emergency law that increased Federal power during World War II. The act was signed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt and put into law on December 18, 1941, less than two weeks after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. The act was similar to the Departmental Reorganization Act of 1917 as it was signed shortly before the U.S. engaged in a large war and increased the powers of the president's U.S. Executive Branch.[1]

The act gave the President enormous authority to execute World War II in an efficient manner. The president was authorized to reorganize the executive branch, independent government agencies, and government corporations for the war cause. With the act, the President was allowed to censor mail and other forms of communication between the United States and foreign countries. The act and all changes created by its power were to remain intact until six months after the end of the war at which time, the act would become defunct.[1]

Three months after passing the first, the Second War Powers Act was passed on March 27, 1942. This further strengthened the executive branch powers towards executing World War II.


Manhattan Project: The S-1 Committee formally met for the first time[44] and recommended that $400,000 be assigned to Ernest Lawrence's work in electromagnetic isotope separation.[45]

President Roosevelt issued Executive Order 8983, appointing a commission headed by Supreme Court Justice Owen Roberts to investigate the Pearl Harbor attack in order to determine "whether any derelictions of duty or errors of judgment on the part of United States Army or Navy personnel" contributed to the success of the Japanese attack, "and if so, what these derelictions or errors were, and who were responsible therefor."[46]

http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/?pid=16065
149 - Executive Order 8983 Establishing a Commission to Investigate the Pearl Harbor Attack.
December 18, 1941

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roberts_Commission
...
The first Roberts Commission was a presidentially-appointed commission formed in December 1941, shortly after the attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese, to investigate and report the facts relating to the attack. The commission was headed by U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Owen Josephus Roberts, and for this reason it was known as the Roberts Commission. The commission found the commanders of Pearl Harbor, Adm. Husband Kimmel and Gen. Walter Short, guilty of 'dereliction of duty'. The Commission presented their findings to Congress January 28, 1942. Members of the commission besides Justice Roberts were Adm. William H. Standley, Adm. Joseph M. Reeves, Gen. Frank R. McCoy, and Gen. Joseph T. McNarney. The commission was a fact-finding commission, and not a court martial for Gen. Short or Adm. Kimmel.

http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/common/investigations/PearlHarbor.htm
Joint Committee on the Investigation of the Pearl Harbor Attack
(The Pearl Harbor Committee)  Final report issued : Jun 20, 1946

German submarines U-256, U-407 and U-601 were commissioned.
...
Died: Dmitry Lavrinenko, 27, Russian tank commander and Hero of the Soviet Union (killed in action)


| - - -

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/War_Powers_Resolution
The War Powers Resolution (also known as the War Powers Resolution of 1973 or the War Powers Act) (50 U.S.C. 1541–1548)[1] is a federal law intended to check the president's power to commit the United States to an armed conflict without the consent of the U.S. Congress
...
The War Powers Resolution was passed by both the House of Representatives and Senate but was vetoed by President Richard Nixon. By a two-thirds vote in each house, Congress overrode the veto and enacted the joint resolution into law on November 7, 1973.
...

Possible repeal[edit]

On January 16, 2014, Senators John McCain and Tim Kaine unveiled legislation that would repeal the existing War Powers Resolution and replace it with a new law for greater presidential consultation to Congress before committing military forces to a war or armed conflict. Senator McCain justifies the effort by pointing out that Congress has not formally declared war since June 1942 and that the nature of war has changed since then.

Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 24, 2016, 12:57:01 pm
December 25th 1941 Hong Kong fell to the Japanese War machine ,,,, with great atrocities

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hong_Kong
The Battle of Hong Kong (8–25 December 1941), also known as the Defence of Hong Kong and the Fall of Hong Kong, was one of the first battles of the Pacific War in World War II. On the same morning as the attack on Pearl Harbor, forces of the Empire of Japan attacked the British Crown colony of Hong Kong. The attack was in violation of international law as Japan had not declared war against the British Empire. The Japanese attack was met with stiff resistance from the Hong Kong garrison, composed of local troops as well as British, Canadian and Indian units. Within a week the defenders abandoned the mainland and less than two weeks later, with their position on the island untenable, the colony surrendered.
...

On the morning of 25 December, Japanese soldiers entered the British field hospital at St. Stephen's College and in the St. Stephen's college incident tortured and killed a large number of injured soldiers, along with the medical staff.[24]

By the afternoon of 25 December 1941, it was clear that further resistance would be futile and British colonial officials headed by the Governor of Hong Kong, Sir Mark Aitchison Young, surrendered in person[25] at the Japanese headquarters on the third floor of the Peninsula Hong Kong hotel. This was the first occasion on which a British Crown Colony had surrendered to an invading force.[citation needed] (British Somaliland which fell to the Italians in August 1940 was a protectorate.) The garrison had held out for 17 days. This day is known in Hong Kong as "Black Christmas".

...

http://www.dontow.com/2007/04/massacre-and-atrocities-in-hong-kong-during-wwii/

Massacre and Atrocities in Hong Kong during WWII

Hong Kong was a British colony before and after WWII, but from 12/25/1941 to 8/15/1945 when Japan surrendered, Hong Kong was under the control of Japan. This article recounts the massacre and atrocities committed by the Japanese troops during those three years and eight months of occupation of Hong Kong. The purpose of recounting these events is not to bash Japan or to generate hatred of Japan, but to make sure that we do not forget the lessons of history so that similar events do not occur again in the future. This is especially important taking into consideration that Japan’s current prime minister recently denied any major atrocity committed by Japan during WWII and Japan’s school textbooks have been rewriting history.

Japan started its invasion of Hong Kong on 12/8/1941 (or 12/7/1941 U.S. time, the same day Japan attacked Pearl Harbor). Great Britain surrendered Hong Kong to Japan on Christmas day, 12/25/1941, on a day that the people of Hong Kong called Black Christmas.



Although what happened in Hong Kong during this period pales in comparison to what happened during the 1937-38 Nanking Massacre, a great deal of massacre and atrocities were committed by the Japanese soldiers against the Chinese, British, Canadians, and other people living in Hong Kong at that time.

As many as 10,000 women were raped in the first few days. Tens of thousands, including women and children, were killed. Many more starved to death. Many parts of Hong Kong were ransacked and burned, and many residents left, deported, or escaped to even famine/disease-ridden areas of mainland China. Basically a reign of terror ruled Hong Kong during those three years and eight months, resulting in Hong Kong’s population of 1.6 million shrinking to 600,000 at the end of that period.

The atrocities were not just against the Chinese, but also British, Canadians, and people of other nationalities
. For example, at a hospital for injured British soldiers, the Japanese soldiers slaughtered 170 recuperating soldiers and a few hospital staff. The eyes, ears, noses, tongues, or limbs were cut off on many victims. Seventy of the soldiers were killed with swords while they were lying in bed. The hospital’s seven nurses were raped, sometimes while lying on top of the bodies of murdered British soldiers. Several of the nurses were also slaughtered, and one of them almost had her head severed. All these actions were in complete violation of the 1864 Geneva Red Cross Agreement (which was the beginning of the establishment of the International Red Cross) regarding the treatment of prisoners-of-war.

After 18 days of fighting and bombing and the British surrendered on 12/25/1941, many people came out of hiding in the bomb shelters. Upon seeing many mean-looking Japanese solders with guns pointing at them, some ran either out of fear or not being able to understand the Japanese command to stop, they were shot dead on the spot. Some children cried and before the parents could stop their crying, the children were shot and killed.

...

| - - - -
Abe is to spend two days in Hawaii starting Dec. 26. The Japanese prime minister is to meet with U.S. President Barack Obama in a ceremony

http://www.nbcconnecticut.com/news/national-international/Japanese-Leader-Abe-to-Visit-Pearl-Harbor-With-Obama-404734516.html?_osource=AMP
...
Abe, in a brief statement, said he would visit Hawaii on Dec. 26 and 27 to pray for the war dead at Pearl Harbor and to hold a final summit meeting with Obama before his presidency ends.



http://www.voanews.com/a/japanese-prime-minister-to-take-non-apology-tour-to-pearl-harbor/3644879.html

Japanese PM to Take Non-apology Tour to Pearl Harbor
December 21, 2016 3:25 AM  
Brian Padden


SEOUL — 
Next week, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is expected to engage in a now familiar diplomatic offensive to reconcile lingering resentment over his country’s wartime past when he visits the Pearl Harbor memorial in Hawaii. Japan’s surprise attack on the U.S. naval base in 1941 killed over 2,000 Americans and drew the United States into World War II.

After alienating regional neighbors in 2013 by visiting the Yasukuni war shrine that honors millions of war dead, but also includes the names of over a thousand convicted war criminals, the conservative Japanese leader has taken a very proactive role to address concerns over his efforts to recast wartime history with a less apologetic tone, and to ease the limits of Japan's pacifist constitution.
...

Revisionist

Abe is a perceived nationalist who embraces a revisionist view of history that portrays Japan not as the imperialistic aggressor in World War II, but as a nation that tried to push back against U.S. and European domination of Asia.

“The counter narrative, one of revisionists, the one that is led by Abe, is that that is one sided and biased, and that Japan is the victim of victors’ justice and victors’ history, that unfairly impugns Japan and tarnishes its reputation,” said Jeff Kingston, the director of Asian Studies at Temple University in Tokyo, during a recent seminar at the school.
...

Trump

Abe’s visit to Pearl Harbor is in part a reciprocal gesture for President Barack Obama’s visit to Hiroshima in May. The first sitting U.S. president to visit the site of the initial U.S. atomic bomb attack in 1945, Obama offered sympathy for the victims, but no apology.

Abe had fostered close ties with Obama in supporting the Trans Pacific Pact (TPP) free trade agreement, and to expand its military role to counter the North Korean nuclear threat and China’s aggressive moves in the South China Sea.

But the recent presidential election victory of Donald Trump may have added new urgency for Abe to show solidarity with the United States. Trump has opposed TPP and during the campaign he criticized Tokyo for not paying its fair share of mutual defense costs for the 50,000 American troops stationed in Japan.

http://www.chinadailyasia.com/focus/2015-08/13/content_15303470.html
...

(http://www.chinadailyasia.com/attachement/jpg/site441/20150813/1439431864694_787.jpg)
Right: A headstone dedicated to the doctors and nurses on duty at St Stephen’s College hospital who were brutally murdered by the Japanese soldiers on the morning of Dec 25, 1941.
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 26, 2016, 11:40:39 am
So now the day after the fall of Hong Kong and the murder of hundreds that surrendered ,,, Churchll addresses a joint session of Congress Dec 26, 1941 ...  What is also interesting is the dangerous trip across the Atlantic to make this speech in Washington...

There is little information about the trip itself and he takes an airplane that arrives at Washington airport .


http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/minute/Churchill_Addresses_Congress.htm
December 26, 1941
Churchill Addresses Congress

The date was December 26, 1941. Outside the U.S. Capitol Building, platoons of soldiers and police stood at high alert. Shortly after noon, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill entered the Senate Chamber to address a joint meeting of Congress. He took his place at a lectern bristling with microphones. Above his head, large, powerful lamps gave the normally dim room the brilliance of a Hollywood movie set. Motion picture cameras began to roll.

The Christmas holiday had thinned the ranks of senators and representatives still in town, and had dictated moving the joint meeting from the House to the smaller Senate Chamber to avoid the embarrassment of empty seats. Yet, all 96 desks were filled with members, justices of the Supreme Court, and cabinet officers—minus the secretaries of state and war. The overflow gallery audience consisted largely of members' wives.

Less than three weeks after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, and as German submarines appeared off the coast of California, Churchill had arrived in Washington to begin coordinating military strategy with the president and leaders of Congress.

The eloquent prime minister began his address on a light note. He observed, "If my father had been an American, and my mother British, instead of the other way around, I might have gotten here on my own. In that case, this would not have been the first time you would have heard my voice." He then grimly predicted that Allied forces would require at least 18 months to turn the tide of war and warned that "many disappointments and unpleasant surprises await us."

Regarding the Japanese aggressors, he asked, "What kind of a people do they think we are?

Is it possible that they do not realize that we shall never cease to persevere against them until they have been taught a lesson which they and the world will never forget?" As for the German forces, "With proper weapons and proper organization, we can beat the life out of the savage Nazi." These "wicked men" who have brought evil forces into play must "know they will be called to terrible account if they cannot beat down by force of arms the peoples they have assailed."

When Churchill concluded his 30-minute address, he flashed a "V" for victory sign and departed to thunderous applause. One journalist described this historic address as "full of bubbling humor, biting denunciation of totalitarian enemies, stern courage—and hard facts."


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R95rjk_nEI8
Uploaded on Dec 20, 2011
Winston Churchill addresses congress Dec 26 1941.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pYDLTDL-YD8
Mr Churchill Addresses Congress - Dec 26 1941 - SOUND  (16 minutes )

https://www.nationalchurchillmuseum.org/churchill-address-to-congress.html
Address to Joint Session of US Congress, 1941

Members of the Senate and of the House of Representatives of the United States, I feel greatly honored that you should have thus invited me to enter the United States Senate Chamber and address the representatives of both branches of Congress. The fact that my American forebears have for so many generations played their part in the life of the United States, and that here I am, an Englishman, welcomed in your midst, makes this experience one of the most moving and thrilling in my life, which is already long and has not been entirely uneventful. I wish indeed that my mother, whose memory I cherish, across the vale of years, could have been here to see. By the way, I cannot help reflecting that if my father had been American and my mother British instead of the other way around, I might have got here on my own. In that case this would not have been the first time you would have heard my voice. In that case I should not have needed any invitation. But if I had it is hardly likely that it would have been unanimous. So perhaps things are better as they are.


I may confess, however, that I do not feel quite like a fish out of water in a legislative assembly where English is spoken. I am a child of the House of Commons. I was brought up in my father's house to believe in democracy. "Trust the people." That was his message. I used to see him cheered at meetings and in the streets by crowds of workingmen way back in those aristocratic Victorian days when as Disraeli said "the world was for the few, and for the very few."

Therefore I have been in full harmony all my life with the tides which have flowed on both sides of the Atlantic against privilege and monopoly and I have steered confidently towards the Gettysburg ideal of government of the people, by the people, for the people.

I owe my advancement entirely to the House of Commons, whose servant I am. In my country as in yours public men are proud to be the servants of the State and would be ashamed to be its masters. The House of Commons, if they thought the people wanted it, could, by a simple vote, remove me from my office. But I am not worrying about it at all.

As a matter of fact I am sure they will approve very highly of my journey here, for which I obtained the King's permission, in order to meet the President of the United States and to arrange with him for all that mapping out of our military plans and for all those intimate meetings of the high officers of the armed services in both countries which are indispensable for the successful prosecution of the war.

I should like to say first of all how much I have been impressed and encouraged by the breadth of view and sense of proportion which I have found in all quarters over here to which I have had access. Anyone who did not understand the size and solidarity of the foundations of the United States, might easily have expected to find an excited, disturbed, self-cantered atmosphere, with all minds fixed upon the novel, startling, and painful episodes of sudden war as they hit America. After all, the United States have been attacked and set upon by three most powerfully armed dictator states, the greatest military power in Europe, the greatest military power in Asia-Japan, Germany and Italy have all declared and are making war upon you, and the quarrel is opened which can only end in their overthrow or yours.

But here in Washington in these memorable days I have found an Olympian fortitude which, far from being based upon complacency, is only the mask of an inflexible purpose and the proof of a sure, well-grounded confidence in the final outcome. We in Britain had the same feeling in our darkest days. We too were sure that in the end all would be well.

You do not, I am certain, underrate the severity of the ordeal to which you and we have still to be subjected. The forces ranged against us are enormous. They are bitter, they are ruthless. The wicked men and their factions, who have launched their peoples on the path of war and conquest, know that they will be called to terrible account if they cannot beat down by force of arms the peoples they have assailed. They will stop at nothing. They have a vast accumulation of war weapons of all kinds. They have highly trained and disciplined armies, navies and air services. They have plans and designs which have long been contrived and matured. They will stop at nothing that violence or treachery can suggest.

It is quite true that on our side our resources in manpower and materials are far greater than theirs. But only a portion of your resources are as yet mobilized and developed, and we both of us have much to learn in the cruel art of war. We have therefore without doubt a time of tribulation before us. In this same time, some ground will be lost which it will be hard and costly to regain. Many disappointments and unpleasant surprises await us. Many of them will afflict us before the full marshalling of our latent and total power can be accomplished.

For the best part of twenty years the youth of Britain and America have been taught that war was evil, which is true, and that it would never come again, which has been proved false. For the best part of twenty years, the youth of Germany, of Japan and Italy, have been taught that aggressive war is the noblest duty of the citizen and that it should be begun as soon as the necessary weapons and organization have been made. We have performed the duties and tasks of peace. They have plotted and planned for war. This naturally has placed us, in Britain, and now places you in the United States at a disadvantage which only time, courage and untiring exertion can correct.

We have indeed to be thankful that so much time has been granted to us. If Germany had tried to invade the British Isles after the French collapse in June, 1940, and if Japan had declared war on the British Empire and the United States at about the same date, no one can say what disasters and agonies might not have been our lot. But now, at the end of December, 1941, our transformation from easy-going peace to total war efficiency has made very great progress.

The broad flow of munitions in Great Britain has already begun. Immense strides have been made in the conversion of American industry to military purposes. And now that the United States is at war, it is possible for orders to be given every day which in a year or eighteen months hence will produce results in war power beyond anything which has been seen or foreseen in the dictator states.

Provided that every effort is made, that nothing is kept back, that the whole manpower, brain power, virility, valor and civic virtue of the English-speaking world, with all its galaxy of loyal, friendly or associated communities and states-provided that is bent unremittingly to the simple but supreme task, I think it would be reasonable to hope that the end of 1942 will see us quite definitely in a better position than we are now. And that the year 1943 will enable us to assume the initiative upon an ample scale.

Some people may be startled or momentarily depressed when, like your President, I speak of a long and a hard war. Our peoples would rather know the truth, somber though it be. And after all, when we are doing the noblest work in the world, not only defending our hearths and homes, but the cause of freedom in every land, the question of whether deliverance comes in 1942 or 1943 or 1944, falls into its proper place in the grand proportions of human history. Sure I am that this day, now, we are the masters of our fate. That the task which has been set us is not above our strength. That its pangs and toils are not beyond our endurance. As long as we have faith in our cause, and an unconquerable willpower, salvation will not be denied us. In the words of the Psalmist: "He shall not be afraid of evil tidings. His heart is fixed, trusting in the Lord."

Not all the tidings will be evil. On the contrary, mighty strokes of war have already been dealt against the enemy-the glorious defense of their native soil by the Russian armies and people; wounds have been inflicted upon the Nazi tyranny and system which have bitten deep and will fester and inflame not only in the Nazi body but in the Nazi mind. The boastful Mussolini has crumpled already. He is now but a lackey and a serf, the merest utensil of his master's will. He has inflicted great suffering and wrong upon his own industrious people. He has been stripped of all his African empire. Abyssinia has been liberated. Our Armies of the East, which were so weak and ill-equipped at the moment of French desertion, now control all the regions from Teheran to Bengazi, and from Aleppo and Cyprus to the sources of the Nile.

For many months we devoted ourselves to preparing to take the offensive in Libya. The very considerable battle which has been proceeding there the last six weeks in the desert, has been most fiercely fought on both sides. Owing to the difficulties of supply upon the desert flank, we were never able to bring numerically equal forces to bear upon the enemy. Therefore we had to rely upon superiority in the numbers and qualities of tanks and aircraft, British and American. For the first time, aided by these-for the first time we have fought the enemy with equal weapons. For the first time we have made the Hun feel the sharp edge of those tools with which he has enslaved Europe. The armed forces of the enemy in Cyrenaica amounted to about 150,000 men, of whom a third were Germans. General Auchinleck set out to destroy totally that armed force, and I have every reason to believe that his aim will be fully accomplished. I am so glad to be able to place before you, members of the Senate and of the House of Representatives, at this moment when you are entering the war, the proof that with proper weapons and proper organization, we are able to beat the life out of the savage Nazi.

What Hitlerism is suffering in Libya is only a sample and a foretaste of what we have got to give him and his accomplices wherever this war should lead us in every quarter of the Globe.

There are good tidings also from blue water. The lifeline of supplies which joins our two nations across the ocean, without which all would fail,-that lifeline is flowing steadily and freely in spite of all that the enemy can do. It is a fact that the British Empire, which many thought eighteen months ago was broken and ruined, is now incomparably stronger and is growing stronger with every month.

Lastly, if you will forgive me for saying it, to me the best tidings of all-the United States, united as never before, has drawn the sword for freedom and cast away the scabbard.

All these tremendous facts have led the subjugated peoples of Europe to lift up their heads again in hope. They have put aside forever the shameful temptation of resigning themselves to the conqueror's will. Hope has returned to the hearts of scores of millions of men and women, and with that hope there burns the flame of anger against the brutal, corrupt invader. And still more fiercely burn the fires of hatred and contempt for the filthy Quislings whom he has suborned.

In a dozen famous ancient states, now prostrate under the Nazi yoke, the masses of the people, all classes and creeds, await the hour of liberation when they too will once again be able to play their part and strike their blows like men. That hour will strike. And its solemn peal will proclaim that night is past and that the dawn has come.

The onslaught upon us, so long and so secretly planned by Japan, has presented both our countries with grievous problems for which we could not be fully prepared. If people ask me, as they have a right to ask me in England, "Why is it that you have not got an ample equipment of modern aircraft and army weapons of all kinds in Malaya and in the East Indies?"-I can only point to the victory General Auchinleck has gained in the Libyan campaign. Had we diverted and dispersed our gradually-growing resources between Libya and Malaya, we should have been found wanting in both theaters.

If the United States has been found at a disadvantage at various points in the Pacific Ocean, we know well that that is to no small extent because of the aid which you have been giving to us in munitions for the defense of the British Isles and for the Libyan campaign, and above all because of your help in the Battle of the Atlantic, upon which all depends and which has in consequence been successfully and prosperously maintained.

Of course, it would have been much better, I freely admit, if we had had enough resources of all kinds to be at full strength at all threatened points. But considering how slowly and reluctantly we brought ourselves to large-scale preparations, and how long these preparations take, we had no right to expect to be in such a fortunate position.

The choice of how to dispose of our hitherto limited resources had to be made by Britain in time of war, and by the United States in time of peace. And I believe that history will pronounce that upon the whole, and it is upon the whole that these matters must be judged, that the choice made was right. Now that we are together, now that we are linked in a righteous comrade-ship of arms, now that our two considerable nations, each in perfect unity, have joined all their life-energies in a common resolve-a new scene opens upon which a steady light will glow and brighten.

Many people have been astonished that Japan should in a single day have plunged into war against the United States and the British Empire. We all wonder why, if this dark design with its laborious and intricate preparations had been so long filling their secret minds, they did not choose our moment of weakness eighteen months ago. Viewed quite dispassionately, in spite of the losses we have suffered and the further punishment we shall have to take, it certainly appears an irrational act. It is of course only prudent to assume that they have made very careful calculations and think they see their way through. Nevertheless, there may be another explanation.

We know that for many years past the policy of Japan has been dominated by secret societies of subalterns and junior officers of the army and navy, who have enforced their will upon successive Japanese cabinets and parliaments by the assassination of any Japanese statesmen who opposed or who did not sufficiently further their aggressive policy. It may be that these societies, dazzled and dizzy with their own schemes of aggression and the prospect of early victories, have forced their country-against its better judgment-into war. They have certainly embarked upon a very considerable undertaking.

After the outrages they have committed upon us at Pearl Harbor, in the Pacific Islands, in the Philippines, in Malaya and the Dutch East Indies, they must now know that the stakes for which they have decided to play are mortal. When we look at the resources of the United States and the British Empire compared to those of Japan; when we remember those of China, which have so long valiantly withstood invasion and tyranny-and when also we observe the Russian menace which hangs over Japan-it becomes still more difficult to reconcile Japanese action with prudence or even with sanity. What kind of a people do they think we are? Is it possible that they do not realize that we shall never cease to persevere against them until they have been taught a lesson which they and the world will never forget?

Members of the Senate, and members of the House of Representatives, I will turn for one moment more from the turmoil and convulsions of the present to the broader spaces of the future. Here we are together, facing a group of mighty foes who seek our ruin. Here we are together, defending all that to free men is dear. Twice in a single generation the catastrophe of world war has fallen upon us. Twice in our lifetime has the long arm of fate reached out across the oceans to bring the United States into the forefront of the battle.

If we had kept together after the last war, if we had taken common measures for our safety, this renewal of the curse need never have fallen upon us. Do we not owe it to ourselves, to our children, to tormented mankind, to make sure that these catastrophes do not engulf us for the third time?

It has been proved that pestilences may break out in the Old World which carry their destructive ravages into the New World, from which, once they are afoot, the New World can not escape. Duty and prudence alike command first that the germ-centers of hatred and revenge should be constantly and vigilantly served and treated in good time, and that an adequate organization should be set up to make sure that the pestilence can be controlled at its earliest beginnings, before it spreads and rages throughout the entire earth.

Five or six years ago it would have been easy, without shedding a drop of blood, for the United States and Great Britain to have insisted on the fulfilment of the disarmament clauses of the treaties which Germany signed after the Great War. And that also would have been the opportunity for assuring to the Germans those materials-those raw materials-which we declared in the Atlantic Charter should not be denied to any nation, victor or vanquished. The chance has passed, it is gone. Prodigious hammer-strokes have been needed to bring us together today.

If you will allow me to use other language, I will say that he must indeed have a blind soul who cannot see that some great purpose and design is being worked out here below of which we have the honor to be the faithful servants. It is not given to us to peer into the mysteries of the future. Still, I avow my hope and faith, sure and inviolate, that in the days to come the British and American peoples will, for their own safety and for the good of all, walk together in majesty, in justice and in peace.

Winston Churchill
December 26, 1941
Addressing a joint session of US Congress

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http://www.post-gazette.com/news/nation/2011/12/25/Christmas-1941-With-world-at-war-Churchill-joins-FDR-for-Washington-Yule/stories/201112250236

....

In the Dec. 20, 1941, edition of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Raymond Z. Henle, the newspaper's Washington correspondent, hinted to readers that a meeting of world leaders was in the works and went so far as to mention that Churchill had been absent from Britain's House of Commons for several days.

But the visit remained a secret until Churchill arrived Dec. 22.

"With Churchill at the White House, Washington became literally the wartime capital of the world," Mr. Henle wrote. "It is the first time in history that the heads of two mighty nations at war have met in the White House to discuss methods of crushing a common enemy."

A Post-Gazette editorial reflected the respect and optimism of most Americans of the day.

"Churchill is a welcome visitor," it said. "For a year and a half, during which he has led Britain from the deep depression of Dunkirk to within sight of ultimate victory, this country has watched and cheered his course. Out of the Washington conferences, it is certain, there will come the unity, not only of purpose but of action, which is best calculated to bring the war to a successful end in the least possible time."

The Post-Gazette was not alone in its adulation of Churchill. When the prime minister and the president held a joint news conference the evening of Dec. 23, more than 200 reporters from around the world crowded the room.
...

"Mr. Churchill and his party were delightful Christmas guests," Mrs. Roosevelt recalled years later, "and they accepted with very good grace their inclusion in our family celebration when they must have missed their own."

...

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http://ww2today.com/22nd-december-1941-winston-churchill-arrives-at-the-white-house
...
There was some surprise when it was announced that Churchill had arrived in Washington, having crossed the U-Boat infested Atlantic. He had been corresponding with the U.S. President since the very beginning of the war, before he had become Prime Minister. They had only met once before during the war, at the Atlantic Conference, when the United States was still neutral.
...

We … landed after dark on December 22 at the Washington airport


https://www.washingtonian.com/2016/12/22/winston-churchill-came-dc-75-years-ago-today/

(https://15128-presscdn-0-60-pagely.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/12/Prime_Minister_Winston_Churchill_Aboard_HMS_Duke_of_York_For_Visit_To_America_December_1941_A6905-1.jpg.optimal.jpg)
British Prime Minister Winston Churchill (Far right) on the HMS York December 1941. Photo via Wikimedia commons.

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https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMS_Duke_of_York_(17)
...
In mid-December 1941, Duke of York embarked Prime Minister Winston Churchill for a trip to the United States to confer with President Franklin D. Roosevelt. She arrived at Annapolis, Maryland, on 22 December 1941, made a shakedown cruise to Bermuda in January 1942, and departed for Scapa Flow on 17 January with Churchill returning home by air
...
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scapa_Flow
Scapa Flow (/ˈskɑːpə/ or /ˈskæpə/; from Old Norse Skalpaflói, meaning "bay of the long isthmus"[1]) is a body of water in the Orkney Islands, Scotland, United Kingdom, sheltered by the islands of Mainland, Graemsay, Burray,[2] South Ronaldsay and Hoy

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http://www.naval-history.net/xGM-Chrono-01BB-HMS_Duke_of_York.htm
....


December
 

At Scapa, work-up in continuation.

9th – At 1400 hours Vice Admiral Sir Alban Thomas Buckley Curteis CB RN, Vice-Admiral Commanding 2nd Battle Squadron & Second-in-Command, Home Fleet transferred his flag to DUKE OF YORK from RENOWN. Almost immediately Vice Admiral Curteis struck his flag and transferred it to the base ship DUNLUCE CASTLE. At 1600 hours DUKE OF YORK escorted by the destroyers FAULKNOR, FORESIGHT and MATABELE sailed from Scapa for the Clyde.

(On Sunday, December 7, 1941, Winston Churchill was dining at Chartwell with the US special envoy Averell Harriman and the US Ambassador John Winant. The radio was on, and the three men were suddenly attentive to the announcement of the newsreader that the Japanese, Axis allies of Germany and Italy, had attacked Pearl Harbour. Churchill immediately phoned the US President Franklin D. Roosevelt, asking for confirmation. "It's quite true," FDR said. The prime minister then said he would come to Washington for talks. DUKE OF YORK was en route to Greenock to embark the Prime Minster)

10th – At 1215 hours when DUKE OF YORK and escort were in the Firth of Clyde south of the Isle of Arran they received orders to immediately return to Scapa.

(When the Admiralty received the news of the sinking of the PRINCE OF WALES and REPULSE the immediate concern was that the Kriegsmarine would take advantage of the Royal Navy’s weakness and send the TIRPITZ on a raiding mission into the Atlantic. DUKE OF YORK was recalled to Scapa to be available if TIRPITZ should attempt a breakout)

11th – At 1015 hours DUKE OF YORK and destroyers FAULKNOR, FORESIGHT and MATABELE arrived back at Scapa. At 1630 hours DUKE OF YORK escorted by the destroyers FAULKNOR, FORESIGHT and MATABELE sailed from Scapa for the Clyde.

12th – At 1500 hours DUKE OF YORK and destroyers FAULKNOR, FORESIGHT and MATABELE arrived in the Clyde. At 1530 hours DUKE OF YORK anchored off Greenock.

13th – At 1100 hours whilst off Greenock the Prime Minster, Winston Churchill, embarked on DUKE OF YORK. Among those who embarked with Churchill were, Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound, The First Sea Lord; Field Marshal Sir John Dill, Chief of the Imperial General Staff; Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal, Chief of the Air Staff; and Averell Harriman. At 1500 hours DUKE OF YORK and destroyers FAULKNOR, FORESIGHT and MATABELE sailed from the Clyde for the USA. The intention had been to take the great circle route but the weather forecast for the North Atlantic was so bad that the decision was made to first head south through the Irish Sea towards the Azores. This decision meant accepting the risk of possible U-boat attack as they crossed the main U-boat route from the French Biscay ports to the North Atlantic.

14th – The weather was a full gale and speed had to be reduced to enable the destroyers to keep in contact. Speed had to be reduced to 6 knots for some time.

15th – The gale continued.

16th - The weather abated but there was a heavy swell which continued to cause problems for the destroyers.

17th – The weather again deteriorated and at 0900 hours FORESIGHT experienced steering difficulties and had to heave to. After a short time FORESIGHT caught up with the main group who had been forced to reduce speed due to the weather. At 0930 hours DUKE OF YORK increased speed to 19 knots, which the destroyers were unable to maintain, so speed was again reduced. At 1800 hours the destroyers were released to refuel at Ponta Delgada. At 1830 hours in approximate position 38-30N, 23W DUKE OF YORK was joined by the destroyers HIGHLANDER, HARVESTER and LIGHTNING from Ponta Delgada.

20th – At 1800 hours in approximate position 35N, 40W, the destroyers HIGHLANDER, HARVESTER and LIGHTNING detached to Ponta Delgada.

21st – In approximate position 38N, 66-30W, DUKE OF YORK RVed with the USN destroyers BRISTOL, TRIPPE and WARRINGTON who then escorted the battleship to Chesapeake Bay.

22nd – DUKE OF YORK arrived in Chesapeake Bay. She then proceeded to Norfolk Navy Yard where Churchill and party disembarked and travelled to Washington for their series of meetings which became known as the ARCADIA conference.

(The ARCADIA conference and its outcome was arguably the most important conference of the war for Great Britain; for as General Marshall, the chairman of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff, stated, "notwithstanding the entry of Japan into the war, our view is that Germany is still the prime enemy and her defeat is the key to victory". FDR courageously endorsed this view and took the decision of ‘Germany first’, for at the time the US population were clamouring for revenge after Pearl Harbour and felt less urgency in securing the defeat of Hitler. So Churchill achieved what was his main priority for the conference.


The two leaders also called for the formation of a "grand alliance of the Allies" and between them they drew up a solemn declaration to be signed by all nations at war with Germany, as they had done with the Atlantic Charter.

On 1/1/42, representatives of 26 Allied nations signed the "Declaration by the United Nations". Pledging to support the Atlantic Charter, the signatories agreed to commit their full resources to the defeat of the Axis powers, promised to make no separate peace, and agreed to preserve idealistic virtues such as freedom and justice. Later it would be said that this signing was the birth of the United Nations. At a time when the Germans controlled the European continent and the Japanese were sweeping across the Far East the Philippines and the Pacific, the Declaration provided millions with an uplifting message of hope.
 
The conference also established a Joint Anglo-American Chiefs of Staff to control the future conduct of the war, the most complete unification of military effort ever achieved by two allied nations)

23rd – DUKE OF YORK remained at Norfolk, Va to re-embark the Prime Minster after the conference, which was scheduled to last a week


(In fact, the Prime Minster did not leave the White House until 14/1/42)



1 9 4 2

January
 
3rd – DUKE OF YORK departed Chesapeake Bay, escorted by destroyers HARVESTER, HIGHLANDER and LIGHTNING, the destroyers had arrived on 31/1/41, For Bermuda.

5th - DUKE OF YORK, HARVESTER, HIGHLANDER and LIGHTNING arrived at Bermuda, from where DUKE OF YORK continued her working up exercises while awaiting the arrival of Prime Minister for return to the UK.

13th – HARVESTER, HIGHLANDER and LIGHTNING departed Bermuda for St Johns, Newfoundland.

15th – Churchill and his party arrived by air at Bermuda from Washington.

16th – Churchill decided to return to the UK by commercial flying boat. The members of his party who were unable to travel on the aircraft returned on DUKE OF YORK.

17th – DUKE OF YORK departed Bermuda, escorted by the US destroyers LANG, EDISON and NICHOLSON, for the Clyde.

21st – In approximate position 53N, 38-30W, HARVESTER, HIGHLANDER and LIGHTNING joined and LANG, EDISON and NICHOLSON detached.

23rd – In approximate position 56-30N, 24W, the destroyers BADSWORTH, LAMERTON, and WIVERN joined.

25th – In the North Channel the destroyers BADSWORTH, LAMERTON, HARVESTER and HIGHLANDER detached. Later in the day DUKE OF YORK, LIGHTNING and WIVERN arrived in the Clyde.

29th – DUKE OF YORK escorted by the destroyers HARVESTER, VERITY and the Polish ORP BLYSKAWICA sailed from the Clyde for Scapa Flow.
 
30th - DUKE OF YORK escorted by HARVESTER, VERITY and BLYSKAWICA arrived at Scapa Flow to continue her working up exercises.

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http://bernews.com/2012/03/churchills-1942-flying-bermuda-visit/
Winston Churchill’s 1942 Flying Bermuda Visit
 March 10, 2012


British Prime Minister Winston Churchill’s return to the UK from Bermuda aboard Boeing flying boat in January, 1942 — the first transatlantic air trip by a world leader
— fired the imaginations not only of his devoted countrymen but of the entire democratic world.

People reading of his long flight from Bermuda and safe landing at Plymouth in the United Kingdom chuckled with affectionate glee mixed with relief.

With transatlantic air travel still in its infancy, the British wartime leader’s impulsive decision to fly from Bermuda was viewed as a characteristically audacious — and potentially perilous — move. The Prime Minister had visited the island for a secret 24-hour stop-over and addressed the House of Assembly, expressing his gratitude to Bermuda for allowing the construction of US military bases the previous year.

He flew to Bermuda on January 15, 1942 from Virginia aboard the British Overseas Airline Corporation’s Boeing 314 flying boat “Berwick”. The British Prime Minister had been in Washington for several weeks after the sneak Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour on December 7, 1941 brought America into World War Two [1939-1945].

He had been conferring with ally President Franklin Roosevelt at the White House and had delivered one of his most famous wartime speeches — “the United States, united as never before, have drawn the sword for freedom and cast away the scabbard” — to a joint session of the US Congress.

Soon after the flight departed for Bermuda, the Prime Minister entered the “Berwick’s” cockpit smoking his trademark cigar, and Captain Kelly Rogers waived the rules and let him continue, even allowing him to strike a match when it went out.

He tried the controls of the huge craft, as Kelly Rogers whispered into the co-pilot’s ear, ordering him to apply corrections only if it looked as if the plane was getting out of the Prime Minister’s control.

Mr. Churchill was allowed to do a couple of slightly banked turns, and was photographed by one of the official cameramen [above and below].
...

The battleship HMS “Duke of York”, with an escort of fast destroyers, had been dispatched to Bermuda to collect the Prime Minister to take him back to the United Kingdom.

But after flying to Bermuda by flying boat he decided that it might be preferable to return to England all the way by air, accompanied by only the most important members of his staff, including Sir Dudley Pound, Chief of the Naval Staff and Sir Charles Portal, Chief of the Air Staff.

A transatlantic air flight was no small undertaking at this time even for a Boeing clipper, widely regarded as representing the apex of flying boat technology.

Powered by four 1,600 horsepower engines, the magnificent 106-foot long aircraft had a wingspan of 152 feet and was designed to carry 68 passengers and 11 crew in unrivalled comfort for an aircraft of its era. Still, reaching the UK from Bermuda non-stop only just fell within the “Berwick’s” maximum operational range of 3,600 miles
...

The Boeing 314′s departure from Bermuda on January 16 was not as easy as its arrival had been.

“It was, as the Captain had predicted, quite a job to get off the water,” Churchill later recalled. “Indeed, I thought that we should hardly clear the low hills which closed the harbour. There was really no danger; we were in sure hands. The flying-boat lifted ponderously a quarter of a mile from the reef, and we had several hundred feet of height to spare.”
...

On the morning of January 17, as the “Berwick” approached Britain, Captain Kelly discovered a navigational error in not sufficiently correcting for the prevailing winds. This had allowed the aircraft to drift south of its intended landfall.

“When they did not pass over the Isles of Scilly at the expected time it was realised that they were heading for the port of Brest, the most heavily defended of all the German occupied towns in Europe,” said historian Martin Cherrett, editor of the World War II Today website.

“They were only six miles off when the decision was made to turn abruptly north, and the Luftwaffe planes scrambled to investigate a raider heading in from the sea never found them. They were lucky again as they approached the Royal Navy base at Plymouth. Coming in from an unexpectedly southern direction they were now thought to be a German raider and ‘six Hurricanes from Fighter Command were ordered to shoot us down’ Churchill later recalled.”

Fortunately — as the Prime Minister curtly noted — “they failed in their mission.”


(http://cloudfront.bernews.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/02/churchill-cockpit-620x623.jpg)
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 27, 2016, 01:20:34 pm
So Dec 27 1941 ... Japanese have a victory parade  in Hong Kong :

http://www.combinedfleet.com/HongKong_t.htm
(http://www.mygen.com/images/Sakai.jpg)
Dec 27 1941 - LtGen Sakai and Vice Admiral Niimi on Parade in Hong Kong

http://worldwar2daybyday.blogspot.com/2011_12_01_archive.html
December 27, 1941
Hong Kong. Japanese General Sakai, commander of Hong Kong Operation, parades 38th Infantry Division in triumph through Victoria, Hong Kong.


back to dec 25 1941 - Christmas DAY , Hong Kong Surrendered hoping for some honor from the Japanese and received none: 
http://www.hksw.org/despatches_106_1_j.htm
...
The end came almost suddenly late on Christmas Day.  Having rejected yet another surrender ultimatum in the morning, the situation deteriorated rapidly when the fighting was renewed.  General Maltby decided that further resistance would entail the useless slaughter of his remaining troops without affecting the inevitable outcome.
...
Following Maltby’s decision the formal surrender took place at 1800 and the 6500 survivors were lead off into captivity, during which thousands were to die.  Their resistance had not been entirely in vain, for seventeen days they had deflected the Japanese troops, aircraft and shipping from more important objectives.  Winston Churchill’s message on 21st December ended: “Everyday that you are able to maintain your resistance, you help the Allied cause all over the world”.

| - - -

Back to Dec 18 1941 - Japanese invasion of Hong Kong:

http://www.qaranc.co.uk/bmh_bowen_road_hong_kong.php
BMH Bowen Road Hong Kong
Information about the British Military Hospital Bowen Road Hong Kong including the history of the BMH during World War Two:

...
Atrocities By The Japanese Troops

The next day a doctor ran into theatre and announced The Japs are here. Sister Currie was assisting the surgeon and without a thought for her own safety grabbed her helmet and ran to her young nurses. She was met by armed Japanese troops with fixed bayonets and was captured and tied up and taken outside. She was hit by a Japanese soldier with his rifle butt who tripped over her legs. She became angry and berated him for not obeying the Geneva Convention for their prisoners of war who were medical personnel. This attracted the attention of a Japanese officer who had been educated at Oxford University. She informed him that she had tried her utmost to respect his dead General. She took him to the General's body in the mortuary. Looking from the body to the English woman the officer asked Do Englishwomen never cry? To which Sister Mary Currie replied Not when they have work to do (cited in the book Sisters In Arms: British Army Nurses Tell Their Story.

The officer was so impressed by her behaviour that he left Sister Mary Currie in charge of the temporarily hospital whilst he would remain to ensure the safety of her fellow nurses. These were the only nurses at Hong Kong to escape the atrocities by the Japanese troops and many of the VADs wrote to the QAIMNS Matron in Chief after the war and to tell her about the courage of Sister Mary Currie and she was awarded the Royal Red Cross medal. The letter survives at the AMS Museum and is cited in the book Sisters In Arms: British Army Nurses Tell Their Story.

The book Sisters In Arms: British Army Nurses Tell Their Story has extracts from the diary of Sister Mary Currie that she was able to keep during this time.
...

The VAD and Hong Kong Volunteer Defence Corps nurses and assistants were murdered. Late on the 25 December the soldiers ordered the staff and patients that had survived the atrocities to bring all the furniture into the grounds to form a bonfire. This was used by the Japanese troops to burn the bodies of their murder victims and any evidence of their atrocities such as the bloodied mattresses.

The surviving QAs were released and returned to BMH Bowen Road Hong Kong to continue to nurse despite their terrible ordeal. Alcohol supplies were destroyed to prevent any further atrocities from drunk Japanese soldiers.

| - - - -

http://www.dontow.com/2007/04/massacre-and-atrocities-in-hong-kong-during-wwii/
...

Charles says:    October 6, 2013 at 5:39 pm   

I have studied WW2 extensively. I was 6 years old when Pearl Harbor was so savagely attacked by the Japs. I remember my Mom & Dad being very alarmed; my Dad drove downtown to buy an Extra edition of the local Roswell, NM paper. All during the War–the Germans/Nazis were made fun of–such as hop-skip & jump upon a crude drawing of either Hitler–or Tojo.

The atrocities were not known until as the last months of the War–when Nazi death camps were captured and prisoners in Japanese held territory that were still alive-told the almost unbelievable tales of torture-death-extreme brutality all in the name of the Emperor.

All of the books–please read The Rape of Nanking – it shows & tells of unimaginable brutality. I have never quite forgiven the Japanese–their Government has purposely tried to minimize and outright try to re-write history. Japan–and yes I have been there as a US Naval Medical Officer and found them to be lukewarm friendly.

Many apologists try to say that our Nuclear bombing of Hiroshima/Nagasaki was uncalled for — but it would have cost over 100,000 US troops to pacify Honshu, not counting the awful toll on the Japanese population. The Japs were the most horrific killers-rapist-brutal beatings and the death toll will never be known. And in the light of all atrocities – modest-unfelt apology — Doesn’t work for me CDP

Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on December 29, 2016, 12:14:35 pm
Arcadia Conference:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arcadia_Conference
The First Washington Conference, also known as the Arcadia Conference (ARCADIA was the code name used for the conference), was held in Washington, from December 22, 1941 to January 14, 1942.

It brought together the top British and American military leaders in Washington, December 22, 1941, to January 14, 1942. Winston Churchill and Franklin Roosevelt and their aides had very candid conversations that led to a series of major decisions that shaped the war effort in 1942-1943. The decision was made to invade North Africa in 1942, to send American bombers to bases in England, and for the British to strengthen their forces in the Pacific.

The Conference established the Combined Chiefs of Staff, headquartered in Washington, which approved and finalized all military decisions. The conference also created a unified American-British-Dutch-Australian Command (ABDA) in the Far East; the ABDA fared poorly. Finally the conference drafted the Declaration by the United Nations, which committed the Allies to make no separate peace with the enemy, and to employ full resources until victory.[1]

Arcadia was the first meeting on military strategy between Britain and the United States; it came two weeks after the American entry into World War II. The Arcadia Conference also had a wider international diplomatic and political aspect concerning the terms of the post-war world, which followed from the Atlantic Charter, agreed between Churchill and Roosevelt in August 1941. On January 1, 1942, 26 governments attending the conference agreed to the Declaration by United Nations.[2]

Although Roosevelt was under some domestic pressure to concentrate the United States war effort on Japan because of its attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, Germany's declaration of war made this decision more politically acceptable to opinion in the United States than it would otherwise have been. With these developments, the United States government agreed that to win the war, the prime objective was the defeat of Nazi Germany. This was termed the Europe first strategy. It was also agreed at the conference to combine military resources under one command in the European Theater of Operations (ETO).[3]



https://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/Dip/Conf/Arcadia/ARCADIA.PDF
Dec 24 1941 - Jan 14 1942

...
11. BOMBARDMENT OF JAPAN. -
ADMIRAL STARK asked as to the situation in China for air fields to be used as bases for bombing attacks against Japan.
GENERAL ARNOLD stated that General Brett had written for air transport planes for use in reconnaissance work and for supply. He stated that no bombing operations should be undertaken against Japan unless they are strong enough to create substantial damage; that the minimum number of bombers should be 50; that unsustained attacks would only tend to solidify the Japanese people.
-


https://www.eisenhower.archives.gov/research/finding_aids/pdf/Combined_CoS_Conference_Proceedings.pdf
DWIGHT D. EISENHOWER LIBRARY ABILENE, KANSAS
COMBINED CHIEFS OF STAFF: Conference Proceedings, 1941-45
SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE
...
The ten volumes of conference proceedings of the Combined Chiefs of Staff cover the dates of December 24, 1941, the date of the first Combined Chiefs of Staff meeting (ARCADIA Conference), through July 26, 1945, the date of the U.S.-Soviet Union Chiefs of Staff Military meeting (TERMINAL Conference). Each conference was composed of a series of meetings attended by high-ranking military officials, most generally of the U.S. and Great Britain which formed the Combined Chiefs of Staff. However, on occasion military officers of the U.S.S.R. were also present. In addition to the Combined Chiefs of Staff meetings, most of the conferences included Plenary Meetings which were attended by the President of the U.S. and the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. There were also several Tripartite Meetings when these heads of state were joined by Marshal Stalin of the Soviet Union. The Conference volumes are divided into two sections, the minutes of the meetings and the approved documents created at the meetings.
...

http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.618.3009&rep=rep1&type=pdf
ABSTRACT
THE WORLD WAR II CONFERENCES IN WASHINGTON, D.C.
AND QUEBEC CITY: FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT
AND WINSTON S. CHURCHILL
Diane K. DeWaters, PhD
The University of Texas at Arlington, 2008
Title: Re: [Video] 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 02, 2017, 12:48:03 pm
75th anny of the Globalist  UN ... less than 30 days after pearl harbor ...

(http://fdr4freedoms.org/wp-content/themes/fdf4fdr/images/universe/universe4/2-327496_thumb2.jpg)

(http://pearlharbor75thanniversary.com/wp-content/uploads/75th-92x92.jpg)


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zzguvTVEJpU
The Arcadia Conference 1942

January 1st 1942, The United States of America plays host to 22 World leaders in the hops of forming a pact to stop The AXIS power for good! This synopsis of the conference is accompanied by two speeches, one from British Prime Minister Winston Churchill given on December 26th 1941, and the other by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt March 9th 1939. ENJOY :)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arcadia_Conference
On January 1, 1942, 26 governments attending the conference agreed to the Declaration by United Nations.[2]

see: 20/20: FDR's Secret Plan to Bomb Japan Before Pearl Harbor (July 1941)  (http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=253501.0)
Title: Re: British Security Coordination - "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 07, 2017, 01:32:15 pm
http://worldwar2daybyday.blogspot.com/2012/01/day-860-january-7-1942.html
Day 860 January 7, 1942
Malaya. Japanese tanks rout Indian 11th Division defenses at Slim River before breakfast.

At 3.30 AM, mortar and artillery bombardment cuts communication lines preventing British artillery from ranging on Major Shimada's tanks and a battalion of motorised infantry as they advance 15 miles and cross both road and railway bridges by 9.30 AM (Japanese have 17 killed and 60 wounded). Shimada probes another 3 miles beyond until stopped by 2 howitzers of 155th Field Artillery Regiment. Allied rearguard areas are stampeded, abandoning 50 armored cars and many trucks. Unsuspecting troops are shot up as they are assembling and Indian 11th Division is decimated (500 killed and 3200 taken prisoner) although some units take to the jungle and remain active until the end of the war and beyond (1 Gurkha will be found in 1949).

Mindanao, Philippines. Japanese invasion force moves on to the next engagement, departing Davao Bay to land on the tiny island of Tarakan for the invasion of Dutch Borneo.

In Washington, President Roosevelt submits his budget to Congress; $29,000,000,000 (29 billion dollars) to build 60,000 planes, 45,000 tanks and 8,000,000 tons of shipping.

Title: Re: British Security Coordination - "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on January 10, 2018, 01:30:45 pm
bump to save
Title: Re: British Security Coordination - "Hitler's New World Order" 1941 Roosevelt speech
Post by: TahoeBlue on October 22, 2018, 10:46:46 am
https://www.coasttocoastam.com/show/2018/10/20

Author and researcher Steve Ubaney has been digging deep into the mystery around the passing of Franklin D. Roosevelt. He Joined guest host Richard Syrett to examine the potential suspects and who would benefit from FDR's death. According to Ubaney, FDR cultivated an enemies list of America's most powerful and wealthy families through a flood of legislation that led to regulating numerous industries in an attempt to bolster the economy. "These people would have done anything to get this guy out of power because he was costing them millions of dollars," he said.

Ubaney painted a rather unflattering portrait of FDR, pointing out how he stacked the Supreme Court to pass legislation, knew about the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor a week before it happened, and did everything possible to make World War II happen. He spoke about the apparent bond between FDR and Stalin, and what the Communist dictator might gain if FDR was dead. Ubaney described how FDR reportedly fell ill after meals but would regain his strength whenever he was away. "FDR [was] being slowly poisoned from within the White House," he revealed, placing blame on Stalin who wanted him out of the way so he could deal with Harry Truman.

| - - --

https://whomurderedbooks.com/

It's time to investigate FDR?s mysterious death in a way that no one else ever has. Grab your thinking cap and join author Steve Ubaney in volume II of his six volume Who Murdered? book series as he probes every part of FDR's checkered death. Newly discovered medical evidence cracks the case wide open.


fyi - After FDR had served his purpose - he was quickly eliminated and no questions or autopsies were made ... :

http://www.fdrlibrary.marist.edu/daybyday/daylog/april-15th-1945/
April 15 1945
Times Log Location Source
8:30am Funeral train arrived Hyde Park, NY STE 
11:00am FDR was laid to rest in Garden of the Roosevelt Estate
Note: Last entry in stenographer's log. Entries for Mrs. Roosevelt in usher's log continue until April 20, 1945, when she left for NYC
Hyde Park, NY
 
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Eleanor_Roosevelt_at_Franklin_D._Roosevelt_funeral_in_Hyde_Park,_New_York_-_NARA_-_195418.jpg
(https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d8/Eleanor_Roosevelt_and_DeGaulle_at_Franklin_D._Roosevelt_grave_in_Hyde_Park,_New_York_-_NARA_-_197068.jpg)
Eleanor Roosevelt and DeGaulle at Franklin D. Roosevelt grave in Hyde Park, 26 August 1945