Author Topic: The Microchip Agenda  (Read 507217 times)

Offline Brocke

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #440 on: September 20, 2009, 01:17:43 pm »

Library 'vigilantes' track down 'lost' books

OVERZEALOUS councils plan to plant microchips in library books, toys and CDs to track down people who steal them.

Five Sydney councils have proposed to fit microchips on all their novels, toys, CDs and DVDs to prevent theft.

Ashfield, Waverley, Woollahra, Canada Bay and Canterbury are among the first group of councils to participate in the roll-out.

The Southern Sydney Regional Organisation of Councils, which represents 16 councils, last month put out a tender for firms to provide 1.5 million radio frequency identification (RFID) tags.

The microchips, which are designed to prevent theft and improve stock management, are set to revolutionise library operations.

Instead of polite letters requesting the return of overdue books, the chip will lead council staff straight to the borrowed items.

Start of sidebar. Skip to end of sidebar.

End of sidebar. Return to start of sidebar.

But civil libertarian groups believe the system could be an invasion of privacy.

Electronic Frontiers Australia spokesman Geordie Guy said the technology could be used to spy on people.

"If these systems are implemented on the cheap, you wind up with situations where someone can cobble together a reader, stand outside a library and detect what books people have borrowed," he said.

"If someone is researching books on extremism and they get a book on that topic, some vigilante out the front can detect that and jump to a whole bunch of conclusions."

Woollahra Council library manager Vicki Munro said the initiative would be a boon for borrowers.

"It will be great for the public from a community perspective because it's self check-out," she said.

"Our borrowers will be issuing their own books so we'll have a faster and more efficient service and, from a staff perspective, there's a lot less manual handling."

The microchip system will begin to be be rolled out from early next year.

Three councils - Waverley, Marrickville and Randwick - already have RFID tags fitted to their books.

http://www.heraldsun.com.au/lifestyle/the-other-side/library-vigilantes-track-down-lost-books/story-e6frfhk6-1225777077064


That men do not learn very much from the lessons of history is the most important of all the lessons of history.
~Aldous Huxley

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #441 on: September 23, 2009, 06:46:54 pm »
Forgetful patients to be fitted with microchips to remind them to take their pills
By Ryan Kisiel
Last updated at 11:33 AM on 22nd September 2009

Patients will be fitted with a microchip in their shoulder to remind them to take their medicine, under a new scheme being developed by a drugs company.

Older people will be given pills containing a harmless microchip that sends a signal to the chip in the shoulder when the pill is taken.

But if the pill is not taken by the forgetful patient, the chip in the shoulder will then send a text to a carer or the patient to remind them.


A microchip could let carers know if a forgetful patient has failed to take their medicine

Swiss pharmaceutical group Norvatis is developing the electronic pill that it hopes will reduce the number of patients who have to be supervised taking their medicine.

Joe Jiminez, head of pharmaceuticals at Novartis, said tests of the 'chip in the pill' to a shoulder receiver chip had been carried out on 20 patients.

The experiment with a drug that lowers blood pressure had increased the amount of times patients had taken their medicine on time from 30 per cent to 80 per cent in six months.

Drug companies are keen to improve 'compliance' rates among patients as most end up not taking their correct dosages because of unpleasant side effects or a failure to gain symptoms quickly.

Medical companies hope it will reduce the number of hospitalisations from patients whose conditions have deteriorated from not taking their drugs.

Mr Jiminez said: 'This industry is starting to explode.' He added that his company would have to work closely with medical watchdogs and doctors.

Rival drug company Pfizer recently developed an automated system to telephone patients to encourage them to take their medicine.

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #442 on: September 24, 2009, 12:17:02 pm »
VeriChip shares jump after H1N1 patent license win
Mon Sep 21, 2009 3:21pm EDT

(Reuters) - Shares of VeriChip Corp (CHIP.O) tripled after the company said it had been granted an exclusive license to two patents, which will help it to develop implantable virus detection systems in humans.

The patents, held by VeriChip partner Receptors LLC, relate to biosensors that can detect the H1N1 and other viruses, and biological threats such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, VeriChip said in a statement.

The technology will combine with VeriChip's implantable radio frequency identification devices to develop virus triage detection systems.

The triage system will provide multiple levels of identification -- the first will identify the agent as virus or non-virus, the second level will classify the virus and alert the user to the presence of pandemic threat viruses and the third level will identify the precise pathogen, VeriChip said in a white paper published May 7, 2009.

Shares of VeriChip were up 186 percent at $3.28 Monday late afternoon trade on Nasdaq. They had touched a year high of $3.43 earlier in the session.

(Reporting by Mansi Dutta in Bangalore; Editing by Mike Miller and Anil D'Silva)

-----

More VeriChip Corporation News

VeriChip shares jump after H1N1 patent license win
UPDATE 1-VeriChip shares jump after H1N1 patent license win
HEADLINE STOCKS-Some U.S. stocks on the move on Sept. 21
Satellites track Mexico kidnap victims with chips
UPDATE 1-Satellites track Mexico kidnap victims with chips

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #443 on: September 24, 2009, 12:36:28 pm »
EU Plans Massive Surveillance Panopticon That Would Monitor “Abnormal Behavior”
2009 09 22

By Paul Joseph Watson | prisonplanet.com



New incarnation of Echelon is a huge lurch forward in the creation of the prison planet based on social theorist Jeremy Bentham’s 18th century concept of keeping slaves oppressed

The European Union is developing a 21st century panopticon, a beast surveillance system that critics describe as “Orwellian,” “sinister,” and “positively chilling,” that would collate data from numerous sources, including surveillance cameras and personal computers, in order to detect “abnormal behavior” across the entire continent.

In a broader sense, this is part of the move towards creating a pan-European federal police force, where information and powers are shared as part of a centralized system. It is also a giant step towards the creation of a European CIA tasked not with keeping tabs on foreign enemies, but spying on its own population.

The surveillance system, known as Project Indect, promises to collect information by way of “continuous monitoring” of “web sites, discussion forums, usenet groups, file servers, p2p networks [and] individual computer systems”. It will also use CCTV feeds and other surveillance methods to develop models of “suspicious behavior” by analyzing the pitch of people’s voices (suggesting that private conversations will be recorded) as well as “the way their bodies move”.

Ed Comment: Project Indect Goes for the All Seeing Eye Logo.


Do you remember that "The Council of the European Union" or Consilium also took the All Seeing Eye as their Logo? Is there a message here?


Consilium = Conceal?  [Or Con-silly-'em]

Its main objective will be the “automatic detection of threats and abnormal behavior or violence”.

This is Echelon on steroids, a new version of the decades old NSA-run program that has already been spying on citizens for years, updated and expanded for the technological applications of the early 21st century. In 1999, the Australian government admitted that they were part of an NSA-led global intercept and surveillance grid in alliance with the US and Britain that could listen to “every international telephone call, fax, e-mail, or radio transmission,” on the planet. Project Indect is merely a new incarnation of the same beast surveillance system.

Open Europe analyst Stephen Booth described the project as “Orwellian” and a “huge invasion of privacy,” noting that European citizens’ own taxes will go towards a program that treats them all as guilty until proven innocent.

“Profiling whole populations instead of monitoring individual suspects is a sinister step in any society,” added Shami Chakrabarti, the director of human rights group Liberty.

“It’s dangerous enough at national level, but on a Europe-wide scale the idea becomes positively chilling,” she said.

Project Indect is a huge lurch forward in the agenda to construct a mammoth surveillance pen within which the population of the entire planet is imprisoned.

The methods being employed to do this are a technologically advanced throwback to social theorist Jeremy Bentham’s 1785 concept of The Panopticon, a specially constructed prison building designed “to allow an observer to observe (-opticon) all (pan-) prisoners without the prisoners being able to tell whether they are being watched, thereby conveying what one architect has called the “sentiment of an invisible omniscience.”

Bentham described the Panopticon as “a new mode of obtaining power of mind over mind, in a quantity hitherto without example.”

The notion that the individual does not know when they are being watched by the authorities is key in achieving the ultimate goal, to keep the population in a constant state of subjugation, unease and fear, leading them to self-regulate their own behavior.

According to Danish Institute for Human Rights researcher Peter Scharff, the Panopticon was intended to promote “self-regulation that was to be provoked by the constant surveillance”. The concept was eventually incorporated into many prisons that continue today as “podular” designs, which also maximizes the amount of people that can be controlled by one person. The fact that authorities are building societal prisons around us all today using the same basic methods of control is enough to send a chill down anyone’s spine and remind us once again that freedom is a myth.

This has nothing to do with catching criminals – as recent figures in the UK have proven, CCTV cameras have virtually no impact on crime whatsoever. This is all about letting the slaves know who their bosses are, it’s a psychological mind game set up to distinguish and reinforce the master-servant relationship between the state and the individual.

The endgame is to convince the individual that to express their freedom in public, to engage in any kind of protest or merely to question the power structure that surrounds them, is a “suspicious” act detrimental to society and that negative consequences will follow for any slave who dares to step outside of this invisible yet oppressive jail cell.

Source: prisonplanet.com

Red Ice Radio

Marta Andreasen MEP - Brussels laid Bare, Financial Fraud within the European Union

Nigel Farage MEP - The State of the EU & The Undemocratic Treaty of Lisbon

Simon Murphy & Paul Flynn - Truth Coalition Ireland, Calling All Irish: NO to the Lisbon Treaty

Anthony & Derek from Wise up Journal - NO to the Second Lisbon Treaty Vote

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Franco Frattini wants EU high tech security shake-up

Orwellian Ubiquitous Computing May Build Ultimate Surveillance Society (Video)

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Offline Brocke

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #444 on: September 24, 2009, 05:12:00 pm »
LTO, contractor defend RFID project

By Karen Reyes-Caringal, ABS-CBN News Channel | 09/25/2009 1:36 AM

Private firm Stradcom, the contractor for the Radio Frequency ID (RFID) system, on Thursday defended its project with the Land Transportation Office (LTO).

The LTO is eyeing the implementation of the RFID system by October 1.

But the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC), the Commission on Human Rights (CHR) and at least two lawmakers have raised questions about the system.

Stradcom Vice President for Media and Public Relations Vince Dizon said the technology is misunderstood.

In an interview on ANC's Top Story, Dizon explained the RFID cannot be used for surveillance or tracking.

"This is the biggest piece of misinformation. We cannot track vehicles. It has no GPS (Global Positioning Satellite) ability. The idea is simply a way to identify the vehicle and make that identification permanent and tamper-proof. The maximum range is only 10 meters, beyond 10 meters, hindi na iyon mababasa (Beyond 10 meters, it can no longer be read)," Dizon said.

CHR chair Leilia de Lima said on Thursday any system that could be used for tracking without a legal basis is a violation of human rights.

Stradcom also denies any overpricing in the deal.

Once implemented, the RFID system requires a P350 fee.

But House Transportation Committee member Congressman Rodolfo Plaza and Bayan Muna Congressman Teddy Casiño have both said RFIDs can cost as low as P10.

Dizon, however, explained that while other RFIDs cost less, the microchip that will be used will be suited to LTO needs.

He said: "It is a very specialized and very specifically configured tag to suit the requirements of the LTO."

The tag will include, among others, the vehicle's engine and plate numbers, the owner's name, the last registration date, as well as the vehicle's make, series and year model.

Dizon added the system could also be used to help authorities recover stolen vehicles and identify public utility vehicles plying their routes without a valid franchise permit.

The NTC, however, said Stradcom has yet to secure import and other permits that will allow the installation of the devices.

Stradcom's Dizon also said the project has been in the works since September 2007, denying allegations that it was a "midnight deal."

The LTO, on the other hand, said the implementation of the RFID system is in accordance with an order from the Department of Transportation and Communication (DOTC).

LTO Chief and DOTC Assistant Secretary Arturo Lomibao also said several transport leaders have endorsed the system.

"Sa Cebu mismo nagkaroon ng endorsement of more than 40 transport leaders coming from the Visayas and Mindanao. Pwede natin i-expand ang consultations," Lomibao also told ANC on Thursday.

But with what seems to be mounting pressure for further consultations on the system, the LTO now says the project could be delayed upon the order of Malacañang or the DOTC.

http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/nation/09/24/09/lto-contractor-defend-rfid-project



BACKGROUND ON THE ABOVE STORY

RFID tags on vehicles seen to solve many traffic woes

Top News
Written by Jojo Perez / Correspondent   
Wednesday, 23 September 2009 01:11

THE Land Transportation Office (LTO) will begin tagging next month all vehicles with radio frequency identification (RFID) labels that will enable it to identify and know everything about a specific vehicle with the speed of electronic computing. By so doing, it hopes to be able to kill several traffic evil birds with one stone.

The sticker contains a microchip storing vehicle information that is reportedly tamper-proof and can only be “read” by authorized scanners of the LTO and the police.

Motorists will pay a one-time tagging fee of P350 when they register their vehicles. The RFID tag is expected to last 10 years.

“We are confident of the enormous benefits this technology will provide to the public, in general, and we enjoin our motorists to have their vehicles tagged with the RFID beginning October of this year,” said Assistant Secretary Arturo Lomibao.

Lomibao said with RFID tags, motorists and commuters are assured of a significant improvement in the efficiency of traffic law enforcement that he expects will lead to much-improved traffic flow with the quick identification of “colorum” vehicles.

Air pollution is expected to be lessened since vehicles with faulty engine systems that result in smoking can be quickly identified and detained, thus discouraging use of these faulty vehicles, especially buses, on Edsa.

This will, in turn, protect legitimate bus, jeepney, and taxi operators and drivers from unfair competition from these smoke belchers and “colorums.”

Lomibao said a very good effect of such RFID tagging may be as a major deterrent to car theft because the police can quickly identify these “hot” vehicles in real time as they pass scanners in police checkpoints along their routes of escape.

“The RFID technology will revolutionize land transportation in the Philippines. This is a great first step in putting order in our streets,” said Lomibao.

RFID tags are radio signal-enabled chips that can be as large as a grain of rice, or even smaller, that interact with a scanner. They can be “read” only from a few meters away at this time of their development. Another government use of RFID is in e-passports, now being issued by the Department of Foreign Affairs.

Lomibao said RFID technology is being used to manage traffic and vehicular registries in the United States, Britain, and other western countries; and in Asia, by Japan and Singapore.

http://businessmirror.com.ph/home/top-news/16380-rfid-tags-on-vehicles-seen-to-solve-many-traffic-woes.html


That men do not learn very much from the lessons of history is the most important of all the lessons of history.
~Aldous Huxley

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #445 on: September 25, 2009, 08:18:01 am »
Comprehend VeriChip’s Swine Flu Chip *
Wise Up Journal
24.09.2009
By Gabriel O’Hara

The Reuters report below tells how on Monday VeriChip shares jumped 186% due to a patent on their swine flu pandemic detecting mini-microchip for the purpose of human implantation which is a massive upgrade to their current microchip already in thousands of people from children to the elderly. If your grasp of technological devices hangs from floppy disks to WiFi let Reuters inform you a little bit about VeriChip’s device (actually Reuters promotes the corporation’s stocks):



---

Reuters
21.09.2009

“VeriChip shares jump after H1N1 patent license win

“(Reuters) - Shares of VeriChip Corp (CHIP.O) tripled after the company said it had been granted an exclusive license to two patents, which will help it to develop implantable virus detection systems in humans.

“The patents, held by VeriChip partner Receptors LLC, relate to biosensors that can detect the H1N1 and other viruses, and biological threats such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, VeriChip said in a statement.

“The technology will combine with VeriChip’s implantable radio frequency identification devices to develop virus triage detection systems.

“The triage system will provide multiple levels of identification — the first will identify the agent as virus or non-virus, the second level will classify the virus and alert the user to the presence of pandemic threat viruses and the third level will identify the precise pathogen, VeriChip said in a white paper published May 7, 2009.

“Shares of VeriChip were up 186 percent at $3.28 Monday late afternoon trade on Nasdaq. They had touched a year high of $3.43 earlier in the session.”

---

If you look at VeriChip share prices for the following trading days prior to this announcement you can see a 100% jump with massive trading volume of shares indicating insider buying. Receiving patents for very unique devices are not surprises. In the couple of days before this announcement the share price went from 0.56 cent  to 1.15 cent a 107% rise before Monday’s 186% rise. The maximum number of shares traded in one day for the past few months was sixty thousand. This all kicked off with two hundred thousand shares traded in one day then up to six hundred and forty five thousand last Wednesday. Normally this sort of large volume trading can be seen six months before a big announcement so the correlation is not as brazen. On Monday when the company made a public hoopla about the patent, which allows insiders and others with the knowledge to legally buy, millions of shares were gobbled up within seconds.

Every year it is standard for a mild flu to kill only people who are already seriously ill. The H1N1 swine flu is very mild, how fortunate for VeriChip and fellow corporations in biotech that the media have hyped it up to fever pitch. A few months ago a phase six H1N1 pandemic was put in to place by an unelected organisation, the World Health Organisation. Certainly all this fear will help promote VeriChip’s technology. Soon they might find some government lackeys dumb enough to order some. Ideal technology for surveillance-obsessed-pandemic-worrying states of the 21st century with tax payers’ money to waste. Billions already have been spent on billions of rushed vaccines for a very mild flu and more money spent on plans for ensuring the jab is given to every child, woman, and man. All this during a global recession/depression when governments are making cutbacks except of course for bankrupting bank bailouts. If the mass injection plan goes off without a major incident relegating the banking scandal and the swine flu scare fades away in 2010 governments are going to have a lot of healthy angry people to deal with for throwing money away at bankrupt/corrupt banks.

Exactly what the hell is this new marker chip by Digital Angle’s VeriChip?

The spread of a pandemic with these chips can only be remotely detected if a large amount or the entire population have them. Trading Markets reports the Robert E. Carlson, Ph.D., President and CSO at Receptors, said: “Through our development partnership with VeriChip, we are focused on building an integrated suite of products that will identify a biological threat, from pandemic influenza and multiple-resistant pathogens”.

From VeriChips May 2009 white paper and older product development paper we learn that the chips contain a “glucose sensing system” housed in a “biocompatible membrane” with a Radio Frequency Identification device that WiFi can certantly read the same way Radio Frequency Identification chips in mobile phones are tracked. This “biostable sensing component” is “incorporated into a millimeter scale signal transduction and RFID enabled communication device.”

People who are still trying to catch up from the 250k floppy disk of the 90’s to remote wireless information transfer will struggle to comprehend technology now being introduced in to the public arena. Six years ago Hitatchi introduced an RFID chip with embedded antenna only half a millimeter in size called the µ-Chip which are now on the shelves attached to products we buy to track their delivery to the stores, but they don’t remove them once they have arrived. The Hitatchi website article from 2003 said it “features an internal antenna, enabling chips to employ the energy of incoming electrical waves to wirelessly transmit”. “The 0.4mm X 0.4mm chip can thus operate entirely on its own”.

Vaccination and id tracking trials have in fact taken place last year. The Boston Globe from November 2008 informs us: “Boston disease trackers are embarking on a novel experiment - one of the first in the country - aimed at eventually creating a citywide registry of everyone who has had a flu vaccination.” “Keeping track of that cache of vaccine - and which patients are getting it”. “Dr. Alfred DeMaria, top disease doctor at the Massachusetts Department of Public Health said, “if you’re tracking multiple clinics in real time, you can see where the uptake is better and where it’s less, and then focus on outreach.” “When people arrive for their shots, they will get an ID bracelet […] information - name, age, gender, address - will be entered into the patient tracking database. There will be electronic records, too, of who gave the vaccine and whether it was injected into the right arm or the left, and time-stamped for that day.”

Mass injection of VeriChip devices under all of our skin is the only way the device could detect the spread of pandemics. A lofty and insane undertaking for the near future perhaps, but you’d be surprised how many people would accept illogical measures during a scare. Until there is confirmation these chips will be put in to use everyone’s main focus should be the illogical use of rushed vaccines for a mild flu. There are dangerous ingredients confirmed in the vaccines and the confidence of governments in them can be seen with governments granting legal immunity to manufactures and servants implementing the scheme.

Related:

Daily Mail & Times report on tiny microchips in medicine that helps doctors track your wellness *

Fox News: Nursing home microchips elderly people, Fox News says it’s good (video) *

Mp3: Analysis from Alan Watt *

RFID/USN industry, today the technology is used for almost everything

Toronto Star: ‘One generation is all they need’ *

Google launches software to track mobile users *

How Google’s Public Phone Tracking System Finds You And It’s Irish Competitor

-----

Alan Watt discussed this article in the following RBN show:

Sept. 24, 2009
Alan Watt "Cutting Through The Matrix" on RBN:
The Elective Collective:
"Each National Leader Forgets His Nation,
Attends World Summits, Global Sovietization,
Their Politburo Format Strains Credibility,
These Poor Ham Actors with No Versatility,
Each Interchangeable with Spiel They Sell,
From Same Scriptwriters, Not Very Well,
We've All to be Poor and Not Consume,
We can Then Die Off, Leaving Room,
For Those Who Declare They're Fittest to Survive,
In Their Post-Human Spacious World, Certain to Thrive,
Thanks to Rockefeller and Co., Each Foundation Laid it,
Without All You Peasants They'd Never Have Made it"
***Dialogue Copyrighted Alan Watt - Sept. 24, 2009 (Exempting Music, Literary Quotes, and Callers' Comments)
***LISTEN / DOWNLOAD

Topics of show covered in following links:
"U.N. climate meeting was propaganda: Czech president" by Louis Charbonneau (reuters.com) - Sept. 22, 2009.
"Gordon Brown warns next six months will test the world, tells UN it stands 'at a point of no return' " by Patrick Wintour (guardian.co.uk) - Sept. 23, 2009.
"Launch of The Global Council for Media Transformation, 2009" (clintonglobalinitiative.org).
"Clinton Global Initiative" (clintonglobalinitiative.org).
About Clinton's Global Initiative (clintonglobalinitiative.org).
"Comprehend VeriChip's Swine Flu Chip" [Chip to "Monitor Pandemic"] by Gabriel O'Hara (wiseupjournal.com) - Sept. 24, 2009.
"Hitachi Develops a New RFID with Embedded Antenna MU-Chip" [Under-Skin Chip] (hitachi.com) - Sept. 2, 2003.

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #446 on: September 25, 2009, 08:21:50 am »
PDF Download (PDF Type, 80Kbyte)
September 2, 2003
Hitachi Develops a New RFID with Embedded Antenna µ-Chip
-- Makes Possible Wireless Links that Work Using Nothing More Than a 0.4mm X 0.4mm Chip, One of the World's Smallest ICs --



Tokyo, September 2, 2003-Hitachi, Ltd. (TSE: 6501) today announced that it has developed a new version of its RFID µ-Chip embedding an antenna. When using Hitachi's original µ-Chip, one of the world's smallest RFID ICs measuring only 0.4mm X 0.4mm, an external antenna must be attached to the chip to allow external devices to read the 128-bit ID number stored in its ROM (Read-Only-Memory). This newly developed version, however, features an internal antenna, enabling chips to employ the energy of incoming electrical waves to wirelessly transmit its ID number to a reader. The 0.4mm X 0.4mm chip can thus operate entirely on its own, making it possible to use µ-Chip as RFID IC tags without the need to attach external devices. This breakthrough opens the door to using µ-Chips as RFID IC tags in extremely minute and precise applications that had been impractical until now. For example, the new µ-Chip can be easily embedded in bank notes, gift certificates, documents and whole paper media etc.

The µ-Chip, announced by Hitachi in July 2001, is one of the world's smallest IC chips at 0.4mm X 0.4mm. The chip data is recorded in read-only memory during the semiconductor production process, and therefore cannot be rewritten, thus guaranteeing its authenticity. Applications of the µ-Chip include a system for managing the SCM materials on sites, and entrance tickets for Expo 2005 Aichi Japan which opens on March 25, 2005.

The primary features of this revolutionary µ-Chip are as follows.

(1) A RFID IC chip measuring only 0.4mm X 0.4mm with built-in antenna
Despite its extremely small size, this µ-Chip has a built-in antenna to permit contactless communications (at very close proximity) with other devices without using an external antenna.

(2) No need for special manufacturing equipment
The antenna is formed using bump-metalization technology (used to create the electrical contacts of an IC), a process already widely used by semiconductor manufacturers, thus eliminating any need for specialized equipment.

(3) Complete compatibility with conventional µ-Chip
With ID numbers and support systems that are fully compatible with those of existing µ-Chip, the new chip is fully compatible with all systems that use current µ-Chip technology.

Hitachi plans to develop numerous markets for this chip that take full advantage of its outstanding features. Embedding the chip in securities, identification and other valuable documents such as vouchers offers a highly sophisticated means of preventing counterfeiting. Another high-potential application is agricultural products, where the chips can help ensure the safety of food by providing traceability of ingredients. Additionally, the chips can be embedded in business forms to automate logistics systems and many other business processes.

About Hitachi, Ltd.

Hitachi, Ltd. (NYSE: HIT), headquartered in Tokyo, Japan, is a leading global electronics company, with approximately 340,000 employees worldwide. Fiscal 2002 (ended March 31, 2003) consolidated sales totaled 8,191.7 billion yen ($68.3 billion). The company offers a wide range of systems, products and services in market sectors, including information systems, electronic devices, power and industrial systems, consumer products, materials and financial services. For more information on Hitachi, please visit the company's Web site at http://www.hitachi.com.


Information contained in this news release is current as of the date of the press announcement, but may be subject to change without prior notice.

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #447 on: September 25, 2009, 08:39:03 am »
Neurocinema Aims to Change the Way Movies are Made
By Curtis Silver
September 23, 2009  |  Categories: Armchair Geek, Science and Education


Producer Peter Katz views a BrainMovie at MindSign.

When we sit down in a movie theater and see a film for the first time, we think we know how we react to that film. In reality, we have no clue as to how our brains are actually processing the images we are seeing on screen. Most of what we think we know is what we’ve been conditioned to know. We know to be scared at the scary parts, laugh at the funny parts and feel sad at the sad parts. Our inability to correctly communicate how films make us feel has skewed focus groups and created a standard template in the film industry as to how to make a movie.

Now, the fairly new practice of neuromarketing — where MRI technology is used to determine a shopper’s preferences and actual brain reactions to a particular product or idea — is being applied to the film industry, starting with the horror genre.

MindSign Neuromarketing is leading the charge in applying neuroscience to feature films, with assistance from film producer Peter Katz. They are calling this new hybrid of neuromarketing and how it applies to film, rather than commercials or movie trailers, neurocinema.

Recently they finished their first full test with results that could change the way films are made. Yes, someone had to lie still in an MRI machine. The objective of the research, specifically, was to determine the brain response in the amygdala to watching scenes from the horror film Pop Skull. For those that don’t know, the amygdala is the emotional center of the brain. It’s involved in feelings of disgust, anger, lust and fear — all emotions especially elicited during a horror film.

For two sessions of 48 seconds and 68 seconds, a 24-year-old female watched two scenes from the movie while being scanned in a Siemens 3T MRI scanner. With a 20-second break in between three viewings of each scene (to refocus her eyes to center), the data was converted into a BrainMovie (like those cool, colorful brain-scan things you’d see on House) and analyzed by the team at MindSign. What they saw (and what you can see in the movie below) is that for most of the two movie scenes, the amygdala lit up like a Christmas tree out of fear. This activity was pinpointed to the frame, the exact scene and action that registered the response. For instance, “The scariest moment in Scene 1 came when the hand reaches further around the corner.” It is that precise. How can any focus group be that exact in locking down the exact moment that they felt fear? Producer Peter Katz explains further in this video.

Neurocinema (3mins 22s)

You can view a second video here (contains violence, NSFW).

To find out more about this technology and what it means for the film industry, I spoke to producer Peter Katz, an award-winning filmmaker focused on utilizing new innovative storytelling techniques from neurocinema to transmedia storytelling — and Dr. David Hubbard, a board-certified neurologist who is the leading neurologist on the project.

GeekDad: How do you see the fMRI technology changing how films are made?

Peter Katz: Movies could easily become more effective at fulfilling the expectations of their particular genre. Theatrical directors can go far beyond the current limitations of market research to gain access into their audience’s subconscious mind. The filmmakers will be able to track precisely which sequences/scenes excite, emotionally engage or lose the viewer’s interest based on what regions of the brain are activated. From that info a director can edit, re-shoot an actor’s bad performance, adjust a score, pump up visual effects and apply any other changes to improve or replace the least compelling scenes. Studios will create trailers that will [be] more effective at winning over their intended demographic. Marketing executives will know in a TV spot whether or not to push the romance- or action-genre angle because, for example, a scene featuring the leads kissing at a coffee shop could subconsciously engage the focus group more than a scene featuring a helicopter exploding.

GeekDad: Explain how the subconscious mind can better determine how we actually feel about what our conscious mind is interacting with and how that applies to film.

David Hubbard: If an audience already knows what they feel, fMRI is an expensive way to confirm the obvious. The magic of fMRI is that it shows what the brain is doing even if the viewer isn’t aware of it or can’t articulate it. We are comparing R-rated trailers to PG-13 trailers and discover that gore and sex and cursing sometimes activate the fear-anger-disgust area and sometimes it doesn’t. Let’s see what these scenes do to the brains of the MPAA when they’re deciding what’s socially acceptable; if they’re not excited, why should we [be]? FMRI makes it easy to see what’s boring.

GeekDad: How does MindSign Neuromarketing plan on getting people to lie still in an MRI machine for the length of a movie? A commercial is one thing, but an hour and a half? Without snacks? Or is my understanding of the way this works way off? Can you elaborate on how the machine and movie-watching will be utilized?

Hubbard: The real problem in the scanner is falling asleep. It’s actually quite peaceful in the bore. The biggest problem is bladder pressure so we make sure everyone goes to the bathroom just before they enter. One can’t eat popcorn though — head, jaw and tongue movements cause image artifacts. We’ll see if the brain likes M&Ms melting slowly in the mouth. No chewing, please!

GeekDad: How much of a gap do you perceive there being between the results from old methods of focus group marketing and the results of neurocinema when it comes to screening movies?

Hubbard: Recently we scanned a subject whose brain showed only little reaction to a scary scene. On her questionnaire she dutifully wrote “I liked it,” “very scary,” although she confided to the scan technician that actually she found it boring, as did her brain. Besides the problem of focus group subjects saying what they think the interviewer wants to hear, a bigger problem is that they don’t remember what they saw a minute ago. When you ask them which scene they liked best, they can seldom remember. FMRI eliminates both these problems. We can see directly which scenes excite which regions of the brain every one to two seconds, whether the subject is aware of it, or says so or not.

Katz: I recently attended a test screening of an action film, and although I had a blast, and really enjoyed many of the sequences, I had a hard time filling out the questionnaire when the film was over. First off, I’d just been sitting down for a couple hours, and I was restless, more focused on leaving the theater, than recalling every single emotion I had during each and every scene. I just wanted to get home. Plus, I was given a tiny pencil, and tiny margins … so the whole process seemed limited. I wasn’t able, or willing, to truly express my thoughts on the film, and I wasn’t completely able to recall every plot point that they needed my opinion on. If the studio had used neurocinema they could have recorded every moment that I was immersed or whenever I tuned out and lost interest.

GeekDad: How do you plan on measuring these differences?

Katz: If this technology starts being regularly utilized by studios I would see how many more successful films were made to measure its impact. Just recently, Nielsen, the leader in market research has gotten behind neuromarketing.


VP of MindSign Philip Carlsen places the test subject into the MRI.

GeekDad: Subliminal marketing is basically illegal, but marketing to the subconscious is not. How do you efficiently bypass the conscious mind to reveal true feelings about a product or film?

Hubbard: We are only conscious of stimuli that last a few hundred milliseconds or longer. In fact half a second to two seconds is the typical duration of conscious experience. The movie industry has already discovered that this time frame is the same for interesting shots. Quicker and the scene looks jerky, slower and the scene gets boring. Can we see if the brain excites to a popcorn image flashing subliminally? We’d better have an answer in the debate about its illegality.

GeekDad: What is the general “Hollywood” view on using the fMRI technology to supplement marketing already in place?

Hubbard: We just read [James] Cameron’s Variety interview in which he says, “I believe that a functional MRI study of brain activity would show that more neurons are actively engaged in processing a 3-D movie than the same film seen in 2-D.” We’re testing that now (the cheap paper goggles are MRI-safe) and will have an answer in a few days. Since we have our own scanner it doesn’t take us the weeks and months that academic scanner projects take. We are also working with a virtual reality company on “total immersion” goggles that can be worn in the scanner.

Katz: It is a new frontier. Most people in the film industry haven’t heard of these techniques. Try searching film + neuromarketing or neurocinema on Digg.com. There are little to no articles on this subject.

GeekDad: How is your work and process different from the work of Steven Quartz, director of the Social Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory at Caltech who is working with Hollywood to use neuromarketing to measure reactions for movie trailers?

Hubbard: Steven Quartz is the best. We’d love to run his scans for him.

GeekDad: How do you answer the critics of neuromarketing who fear that neuromarketers could have too much control over our buying behavior and decision making?

Hubbard: The company No Lie MRI uses our facility. It is quite easy to pick out which question causes the executive areas to struggle. The military has asked us if we can tell if a terror subject has been exposed to radiation even if he doesn’t himself realize he has been. Myself, I am not afraid of other people controlling my mind. I am afraid of not knowing my own mind. My own interest is in meditation. What does my mind look like when it’s really really quiet? What is it doing when it wanders? Is daydreaming about myself different from daydreaming about someone else? We are in fact able to tell when a subject is lying to himself. We are also now doing neuropsych testing, using the same tests currently used by neuropsychologists to measure cognitive and emotional skills in patients with development or traumatic brain injuries. This will surely help people, not control them.

Katz: This technology doesn’t brainwash anyone. A moviegoer’s brain will reveal their personal preferences, while creators will be able pay attention to those important details to produce better films and know how to effectively market them.

GeekDad: Right now, horror films are basically torture/gore fests with the occasional psychological thriller with some horror elements. We’ve all become desensitized to them in a sense. How do you see fMRI technology changing the genre so that we react again?

Katz: I don’t think fMRI technology can affect trends in horror. Different sub-genre’s popularity fluctuate yearly, sometimes even monthly based on box-office returns: At some points psychological/supernatural thrillers are in vogue (i.e. The Others, The Sixth Sense), while other times audiences are clamoring for more visceral bloody horror (i.e. Saw, Hostel). Those trends are difficult to track or change. We will however be able to make scarier films by focusing on the amygdala, the part of your brain that processes information pertaining to threats and fear. As a viewer is exposed to terrifying moments from a horror film, we can watch how much the amygdala was activated when going over the results. This makes the scariness of a horror film quantifiable. Directors will be able to tweak scares, until they are optimized.

GeekDad: What about demographics? The impact a horror film has on me now is much different from the impact it had on me when I was younger. How will people’s changing tastes be taken into effect? Will there be different studies for different demographics?

Katz: The beauty of this technology is that it can track people’s specific tastes over time, but not blindly put everyone into boxes based on stereotypes of their demographic. Bran scans could reveal that large groups of male football fans enjoy romantic comedies even if they all don’t want to admit it. This creates opportunities to profit from new audiences outside the obvious demographics.

GeekDad: If this is successful, will the fMRI neurocinema process be applied to films outside the horror genre?

Katz: The same tools that are applied to making films scarier can be applied to making them funnier, or more dramatically moving. Film should be an emotionally engaging experience. This technology can be used to heighten, no matter what the intended emotional effect. The best-case scenario features packed multiplexes where individuals rarely check their text messages … they are completely enthralled … because the filmmakers have done their homework.

Follow Peter Katz on Twitter for updates on new projects or check out his latest film, Pop Skull.

Video and photography by:
www.sddivideo.com
www.donlephotos.com
www.fustudios.com

Tags: fMRI, Hollywood, Horror, Mindsign, Movies, Neurocinema, Neuromarketing, Pop Skull, Pyschology, Subconscious

Offline Brocke

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #448 on: September 25, 2009, 03:27:19 pm »
Neurocinema Aims to Change the Way Movies are Made
By Curtis Silver
September 23, 2009  |  Categories: Armchair Geek, Science and Education

I dare say that most people will not even begin to grasp how diabolical this is!

Oh yes, used to study the human brain and thought process is all well and good and it could be very beneficial. My money is on the fact that "the powers that be" will pay for new mind control and weapons research.





That men do not learn very much from the lessons of history is the most important of all the lessons of history.
~Aldous Huxley

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #449 on: October 09, 2009, 10:03:27 am »
Verichip, Brain Scanning and the religion of Transhumanism - A sign of the times - A Neo Luddite's perspective

"I always tell my students that there is no science fiction anymore. All the science fiction I read in high school, we're doing," Paul Root Wolpe, Center for Ethics at Emory University in Atlanta

We have moved past science fiction, in fact if one is following technology trends, Moore’s Law states the long-term trend in the history of computing hardware advances should double every two years, months are not accurate. Moore’s law has gone on a hefty dose of steroids and donned Superman's flying cape as technology is no longer merely evolving, but being smashed to smithereens with the previous impossible being achieved on a consistent and daily basis. Computer designers are now moving beyond silicon chips to using DNA chips ... a move from geologic roots to biologic roots, making the computer a closer representation of man.

The fields that are experiencing ground shaking advance: nano-technology, biometric data capture, Genome sequencing, DNA, and Biochips set a world stage that makes for a scenario that is indeed frightening. As we move into a world where our civil liberties have been eroded and our human rights diminished to fight the invisible morphing ‘enemies’, technology has been given a reprieve to march forward unrestricted. and without regard as to the impact on our lives.   What has happened to our right to privacy which is violated when states interferes with, to penalise or prohibit actions which essentially only concern the individual? Scholars point out that these rights are underwritten by common and universal law. Hang on a second.. the Dept of Homeland Security is about to make a chess move on the World Trestle  Board. Dept of Homeland security moves Queen XB to Q4! Wow what a move! To quote the DHS lexicon.. People who believe in common law are a rightwing extremist movement who reject the notion of U.S. citizenship. They claim to follow only what they believe to be God's law or common law, and the original 10 amendments (Bill of Rights) to the U.S. Constitution. “Horror of horrors, these terrorists must be stopped, Al-Qaeda has infiltrated and possessed the US Citizens!

Does it matter that human microchipping is a violation of at least nineteen of the United Nations - Universal Declaration of Human Rights? Well it seems that Wall Street does not answer to the moral and ethic construct... That’s for the birds.

With new laws being rushed into congress and parliaments around the world, movements like: “We The People Will Not Be Chipped” are termed 'neo luddites' and ‘technophobic’ by the front men of universities who are nothing more than talking puppet heads promoting elite's agenda. Department of Homeland Security has labeled movements that don't embrace technology with a hug, embrace and a cup of tea, as anti-technology extremist ‘terrorists’. So let us put this into perspective, is the government mandating the people roll up their arms and get microchipped? Maybe not right now, but we need to look at the legislation and what is being proposed by world governments so one can prepare and put a stop on what is  the last frontier of human tracking.

The premise that if an advance of technology is achieved that it should be embraced by the general populace, is a ridiculous and illogical premise… but let's remember these university talking heads who have many letters after their names are much smarter than you. Let's gloss over the fact their seed funding can be traced to banking empires, titanic multinational companies, government intelligent agencies, elite families and of course the lovely military industrial complex, but none dare call it a conspiracy. If you did call it a conspiracy the Department of Homeland Security has already moved its Queen to a checkmate attacking position on the World Trestle  Board… labeling anyone who receives their news from alternative sources as rightwing extremists. According to the DHS, all media outlets that provide a forum for interpretations of events and issues that differ radically from those presented in mass media products and outlets are a threat to the state. So unless you are Robert Murdoch and watch Fox news as your major news feed, you are a terrorist?  If you are capable of critical thinking and dissect the information feed, you are a terrorist?

Most people would be aware that a human implantable microchip exists namely the IBM seed funded Verichip but let's gloss over that for a minute and let’s talk about brain scanning. But before we do, let’s use the new speak term for it. fMRI, namely Functional MRI. Functional! Ah don't you feel better now? It's functional! It’s not MRI only. fMRI images are used to determined which parts of the brain "light up" when a function such as speech or recognition is performed?

fMRI has marched forward without the majority of the public being unaware that Neuromarketing is already a new field of marketing that studies consumers' sensorimotor, cognitive, and affective response to marketing stimuli harvested from technologies such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to measure changes in activity in parts of the brain, and electroencephalography (EEG) to measure activity in specific regional spectra of the brain response.

Once again the analogy that fMRI is not a threat to society is promoted by the 'benefit approach. Companies will have to spend less on marketing and advertisements if they can read my mind. Better products will be released, the world will have less wastage and cutting edge advances will be made due to less wasteful spending in getting a product to market. World peace will be embraced, Alzheimer's cured, hunger worldwide will be eradicated, the honey bees’ population will begin increasing again, and I will finally have a purple and yellow polka dot iPod.

Key to fMRI, is RFID and sensor technology that is being heavily researched and promoted once again by the infamous Nazi war criminals, IBM. When IBM Germany formed its philosophical and technological alliance with Nazi Germany, census and registration took on a new mission. IBM Germany invented the racial census-listing not just religious affiliation, but bloodline going back generations. This was the Nazi lust for data. Not just to count the Jews-but to identify them. This data collection then aided the extermination of the Jews and other non compliant races. IBM has never been brought to justice for these atrocities but rather stands tall today as the world's largest information company, promoting their vision of a controlled world, with their "Smarter Planet' mantra. Using their IBM Ubiquitous Computing Lab Sensor and Actuator Solutions/RFID Solution Center in South Korea as the test bed market. Advances in sensor technology coupled with fMRI, to measure changes in one's physiological state (heart-rate, respiratory rate, galvanic skin response) so as to learn why consumers make the decisions they do and what part of the brain is telling them to do it.

Sounds like mind reading doesn't it? No! No! No! Its not! According to Tom Mitchell from Carnegie Mellon University, "Functional MRI Scanning is not mind reading, its thought identification". If you believe thought identification is not mind reading; I have London Bridge for sale on eBay with no minimum bid. Of course it’s mind reading, and of course it will serve no benefit to you. The only benefit will translate itself in the heavy shackles on your freedom and free will.  How much more personal can it get than mapping and reading your mind?  Note Tom Mitchell, the talking head is once again fronting a well heeled university seed funded from the steel empire of Freemason, Andrew Carnegie.  It's self evident, Tom Mitchell is a liar and twisting semantics to serve his masters goals, but that's how this new world operates. These talking heads will sell out their fellow man for a piece of the devils pie, but passionately lick the boots of the masters who bark the orders down the chain of command.

Can it get any more ridiculous than fMRI? Of course it can and of course it will, as the transhumanists have a lot to say on this matter. Transhumanism among many other things offers mortal man the promise of immortality, of superhuman and even magical abilities! Wow! We can all become an immortal Harry Potter; "bring it on" says the mob.  Transhumanism was first coined by Aldous Huxley's brother, Sir Julian Sorell Huxley, the evolutionary biologist and First Director-General of UNESCO. If your levels of trust don't plummet after that, you have not researched eugenics, or the Huxley family. The Father of Transhumanism a eugenicist?  Huxley was a prominent member of the British Eugenics Society and was Vice-President (1937-1944) and President (1959-1962) who favoured removing undesirable variants from the human gene pool. The modern day Transhumanism movement is a sugar coated arsenic pill, delivering the same deadly dose of eugenics. People who ridicule our position have still to produce the evidence that the military industrial complex will produce 'brain chips' on mass for the people to 'outthink' their fellow man. The military industrial complex will never, ever strengthen the general populace, and to entertain that concept is nothing more than a Transhumanistic Renaissance filled wet dream. Verichip though is manufactured by Raytheon the fifth largest defense contractor, and it's been clearly evident how Verichip has taken their product to market if you have viewed our short film 'Operation Lie and Deceive - Verichip Style’. Trust is earned as they say, and we let the body of evidence testify to Verichip's ethics and moral code.

Nick Bostrom a pioneer in the Transhumanism field has quoted Transhumanism to be "a loosely defined movement that has developed gradually over the past two decades. It takes an interdisciplinary approach to understanding and evaluating the opportunities for enhancing the human condition and the human organism opened up by the advancement of technology.”

Transhumanists promote concepts such as scanning the human brain to UPLOAD it to the mainframe, which translates to duplicating and transferring your life history, your personality, your memory, your quirks and essentially what makes you, you into a digital ‘reality’. Apart from uploading your 'consciousness' into the mainframe, the transhumanists believe that people will want to upload themselves into non biological humans. I for one will not be one of them.

How is it proposed that we can scan the brain? Using nano bots of course that will be injected into your bloodstream and then travel to the brain undertaking the scan and relaying the data back for the upload to occur. Which insurance company will underwrite the brain uploads? Which company will undertake the firewall code? Which company will rewrite the minds that are hacked? Will the human bodies be housed in vats or exterminated after the upload? What company in the IT world will be trusted with the Verification and Validation of this enormous project? Most people are happy with their Windows Vista programs running without crashing, yet we are being told to trust the IT coders with something as serious as uploading of the human mind? Please give me a break and please go bid on my London Bridge listing on eBay right now.

The transhumanists never answer the tough questions, simply because they can't at this timeline with the technology not being in place. So rather, they focus on the sugar and spice, fluff and cloud, generalised chunked up approach using predictive programming techniques to have their hive mind cyborg agenda embraced by the younger generation. Rest assured, if you are assimilated into the hive via upload it’s to become a drone, not an individual who is unique, autonomous and separate from the collective. It is about control and total control.   Most of the transhumanists who are around today are living in fear they might not see the singularity being achieved so will most likely cryonically suspend themselves so as to be 'reborn' into the techno rapture of the Posthuman,H+ world. Even though the transhumanists generally ridicule people who have a faith based religion, their belief system reeks of the same faith based constructs they snootily mock. Nick Bostrom has speculated that we are already living in a 'simulation' which sounds like another religious based construct to me, a belief in a 'coding architect' similar to the Matrix Movie. Others have postulated that if our world is simulated then the "host world" is governed by a different set of physical laws. Hmmm sounds like another leap of faith to me, yet I'm the crazy one according to them.

The transhumanists state intelligent life could become extinct, with widening social inequalities and enormous harm being caused to society in the pursuit of Strong AI and the Singularity, but let's overlook humanity as some nerd wants to increase his human sensory modalities by introducing sonar capacity to mimic a fruit bat! Yes you Captain Cyborg Fruit Bat! Kevin Warwick the poster child of I, Cyborg ranted and called for an urgent government debate on the microchipping issue, and proposed ministers should consider implants for all children. The Cyborg Fruit Bat was reported to police, social services in the UK for fabricating half truths and fear mongering parents to have their children microchipped to prevent them being kidnapped.  What a poor representative for their movement , perhaps he should be fired and a new cyborg employed as the front man?

How will this H+, hive agenda be achieved? Hollywood of course will release a flurry of movies as evidenced by Bruce Willis’ new release, The Surrogates encouraging people to plug their consciousness into a machine and living life through a virtual 'surrogate'. The dumbed down mob will watch the propaganda, and the acceptance of this movement will become the new hip thing, with people twittering about their new augmented reality display glasses, getting excited about emoting over the internet using IPV6 through the use of sensors, discussing how their genome was fully sequenced by Google's 23andme.com, embracing ambient environments that set mood music as they drink a great drop of red wine and clutching feverishly  to their bible, H+ magazine.

We on the other hand who are capable of critical thinking won't be programmed by this new code regurgitated by the system, clinging to what makes a human real. Our individuality, our uniqueness, our autonomy, our independent thought and our free will.

None of these unique attributes will exist in the hive mind so its time to make a choice. Choose to be assimilated into the cyborg hive agenda, or choose to live free as the unique individual you are.

In closing , Aldous Huxley famous quote springs to mind ,  '...anybody who has watched the behavior of rats with electrodes placed in different centers must come away from this experience with the most extraordinary doubts about  what on earth is in store for us if this is got a hold of by a dictator.'

The prosecution rests your honor.

Greg 'No Verichip Inside' Nikolettos



References

1. There is no science fiction. www.geardiary.com/2009/06/29/there-is-no-science-fiction/

2. Huxley, Julian.1957. "Transhumanism," In New Bottles for New Wine.
London: Chatto & Windus

3. http://www.nickbostrom.com/ethics/transhumanist.pdf

4. Made real by Intel® innovation - www.intel.com/technology/mooreslaw/

5. Do Australians have a legal right to privacy?
www.aph.gov.au/library/pubs/RN/2004-05/05rn37.pdf

6. Bostrom, N. (2002). "Existential Risks: Analyzing Human Extinction
Scenarios and Related Hazards." Journal of Evolution and Technology
http://www.nickbostrom.com/existential/risks.html

7. Dept of Homeland Security - Domestic Extremism Lexicon
http://www.legitgov.org/hsra_domestic_extremism_lexicon_260309.pdf

8. Bostrom, N. (2002). Transhumanist Ethics
http://www.nickbostrom.com/ethics/transhumanist.pdf

9. We The People Will Not Be Chipped - One Mainframe to Rule Them All: IBM and Verichip - the human microchipping agenda

10. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
http://www.un.org/en/documents/udhr/

11. NeuroMarketing . www.neurosciencemarketing.com/blog/

12. IBM - Seoul, Korea-Ubiquitous Computing Lab Sensor and Actuator Solutions/RFID Solution Center.
http://www-01.ibm.com/software/solutions/sensors/centers/#j

13.Mazumdar, Pauline 1992. Eugenics, human genetics and human failings: the Eugenics Society, its sources and its critics in Britain. Routledge, London.

14. Wearable Computing - MIT.  http://www.media.mit.edu/wearables/

15. Captain Cyborg is a Media Tart - The Register
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2002/09/11/captain_cyborg_is_a_media/
Kid-chipper Cap Cyborg reported to police, social services - The Register
http://www.theregister.co.uk/2002/09/06/kidchipper_cap_cyborg_reported/

16. Aldous Huxley: The Ultimate Revolution « P U L S E
pulsemedia.org/2009/02/02/aldous-huxley-the-ultimate-revolution/

17. Edwin Black - IBM and the Holocaust. www.ibmandtheholocaust.com

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #450 on: October 09, 2009, 01:09:17 pm »
The Psychedelic Transhumanists
Written By: Michael Garfield
Date Published: September 29, 2009


The Psychedelic Transhumanists. Courtesy of Leary - Philip H Bailey, McKenna - Courtesy of Erowid, Mark Pesce - Mark Pesce, Erik Davis - Andy Miah

Transhumanism in a fortune cookie: the familiar human world is just one point along a continuum of evolution, and we have an unprecedented capacity to participate in that process. And yet, the future being as slippery as it is, there are as many visions for how this might occur as there are visionaries to guess at it. Computer scientists tend to have one transhumanism; genetic engineers, another. However, coherent themes emerge for those who have taken it upon themselves to make a sweeping survey of human inquiry, integrating a keen reading of the vectors of our technology with postmodern insight into the nature of mind.

Some of these thinkers have been catalyzed by the psychedelic experience — in a way, the most informative window into a world beyond the human that we have yet discovered. They understand the message of psychedelics and the message of technology to converge on the horizon of a deeper reading of reality that recognizes mind and matter as dimensions of the same truth — a truth for which language has ill-prepared us.

Among the ranks of these “psychedelic transhumanists” are legendary rebels like Timothy Leary, wise fools like Terence McKenna, cultural commentators like Erik Davis and Mark Pesce and avantpsychopharmacologists like David Pearce. Hailing from disparate knowledge domains, they all share a hyperliterate intelligence that is, in its own way, rigorous. Their arguments are not necessarily subject to the conventional scientific method, but they are not so easily refuted.

Their common vision shares much with the rest of the transhuman community, including an embrace of technology and science as both potent and inevitable; an evolutionary model of the universe and humanity; a sense of the human organism as something that can be tinkered with and expanded; a recognition of drugs as a technology that can dramatically reinvent identity, and a playful challenging of fixed boundaries. In many ways they demonstrate the seed of transhumanism in this moment by exemplifying self-revision and the reevaluation of assumptions as an open ended and ongoing process. And along the way, they tatter the mechanistic control fantasies we have held onto in spite of our most sophisticated inquiries.

Among these visionaries, we find a general agreement on the emergence of machine intelligence, but from a less dualistic perspective than most in the transhuman sphere — leaning towards a deeper and more balanced recognition of both inner and outer realities. They tend to critique philosophies that consider mind a mere epiphenomenon, or that fail to recognize the role of the speculator in speculation.

They see technology as ideas, and ideas as technology. They question our fanatical efforts at control via the runaway complexity of progress, and remind us of the stubborn persistence of the unconscious, the body and the other. They remind us to see the evolution of humanity and beyond as much in terms of qualia as quanta, and paint the future as more sensitive to psychological, spiritual, ethical, and biological concerns than those on the hardboiled tech edge.

The distinctions between this vision and the more common idea of a technological singularity are easily distilled. In their own words, presented as a “virtual conversation” of transcripts and correspondences, here are the core messages of a transhumanist vision informed by the psychedelic experience.

> Medium is message, and information is psychoactive.

Information is a more fundamental substrate of reality, an implicate order. “Pattern” replaces “matter.”


Timothy Leary

Timothy Leary: I’m a great follower of a man named Marshall McLuhan who wrote those wonderful books about communication. He said that if you want to change a culture, if you want to change yourself, if you want to change religion, change the medium, the mode of communication. He said that Gutenberg created Protestantism where he had the mass-assembled book, where everybody can read. And now the new form of communication is electronic...

Terence McKenna: The realization that has flowered in the wake of the internet and the rise of cybernetics is that everything is made of information. Information is the primary datum of being. Concepts like time and space and energy are orders of magnitude removed from the present at hand when compared with a concept like information. Every iota, every bit of information that passes through us, changes us.

Mark Pesce: If you took a picture of this room in 1990 and you took a picture of it today, everything would look exactly the same and yet everything is completely different. Because in 1990 we didn’t have this layer of bits that’s flowing seamlessly among all of us. And it’s changed us. It’s radically sped up the way we deal with information in society. And every bit of information that passes through you changes you. You cannot be unaffected in any way by any bit of information. So the internet is acting as this enormous accelerator...

Erik Davis: Information came to be seen as an abstract, almost transcendental stuff that could “circulate unchanged among different material substrates.” Once we begin to believe that information is more essential than material forms, we vacate the old cosmos defined by presence and absence, entering a world characterized by the binary feedback of pattern and randomness, signal and noise.



> This accelerating knowledge leads to widespread acceptance of all reality as virtual… and that it has always been this way.

The transhuman age is simply making this inescapably obvious. Aldous Huxley’s descriptive “far antipodes of the mind” (He used the phrase in a discussion of his mescaline experiences) and their real ecologies is the intellectual progenitor of The Matrix, and of a pragmatic relationship to the questions of ontology.

McKenna: The minute I understood the concept [of virtual reality] I knew… that this would be the next great thing. As a tool of art. As a tool for leading us beyond the notion that we are a hive society of advanced primates, because that’s how we visually appear to the empirical point of view. That’s an out-of-context description of what we are. It’s like a schematic or an aerial map. What we really are is a community of mind, knitted together by codes and symbols, intuitions, aspirations, histories, hopes — the invisible world of the human experience is far more real to us than the visible world, which is little more than a kind of stage or screen on which we move. The purpose of VR is to show us aspects of reality that are not artificial, but that are fields of data not ordinarily coordinated by ordinary perception.

I see virtual reality not as a way of escaping the notion of empirical reality, but as a way of re-portraying invisible levels of the given world that are very vital and important to us: how we see flows of energy, how we understand complex economies, how we understand the fractal hierarchies of nature...

What is already co-present with three-dimensional reality is being literalized... but being literalized in timescales that make the nature of the game apparent to all but the dullest among us. I mean after all, we have always lived in virtual realities, ever since we abandoned nomadism and defined a polis and a wilderness.

Davis: Media have long sought to create immersive spaces of fictional reality: Baroque cathedrals, 19th century panoramas, even, perhaps, the Paleolithic caves of Lascaux or Altamira. Today, the accelerating perceptual technologies of media are on a collision course with cognitive science and its understanding of how the human nervous system produces the real-time matrix we take for ordinary space-time.

Pesce: My first experience of virtual reality happened in 1990 and required absolutely no technology except about 500 micrograms of LSD-25. And what I found in this virtual world, the thing that I must have suspected I would find in this virtual world, wasn’t an artificial Tron-like environment. It wasn’t something that was entirely artificial. What I beheld in that environment was an image of the planet, as if I was cruising above it in a spaceship. And I knew that part of my own destiny as connected with virtual reality wasn’t to escape into another dimension, but to find a way to make real to us the things that we can’t always see, because we exist at a level of scale, of experience, that hides them from us.

Where we’re going, the simulated and the real are going to get really blurry. And we don’t have any tools of mind. Western culture, which is based on this objective external reality — it’s not hard, it’s all become very soft, and it’s all flowing together. So we need to now start to find ways of describing what’s going on. And so what we need to do — I found in my own investigations — is to take a look at cultures that describe the world magically, that understand that perception shapes what you are, and you shape what you see. And that they’re not separate areas, they’re not separate domains, and you have to consider them as a whole.

My own explorations had led me to understand that in fact, in a world where anything you want is true, the only way to deal with this is by learning how to deal with your will. Dealing with will is what magic has, in all cultures, always been about. This is why the shaman doesn’t go insane when the world just disappears — they’re ready for it. Because they understand that where they are isn’t bound up in their idea of the world.

> Prioritizing information over matter makes the issue of machine sapience irrelevant.

Consciousness of the other is an intractable mystery even between two people. It’s a mystery we can sidestep, if we grant awareness by degree.

Davis: I think that we’re going to find ourselves relating interpersonally with machines, whether or not they’re actually alive or conscious in a way that scientists can debate about, we’re going to be interacting with things that have those qualities.

That’s going to change the way we’re going to experience life and other people. I think we’ll come to meet future artificial intelligences in the personae of animated characters, on a pop culture level. There’s an element of animism in technology now that’s going to increase — in scientists exploring artificial life, kids interacting with intelligent dolls, in the relationship between ecology, technology and the environment — it all comes down to a growing element of animism, throwing us back to being Palaeolithic man living in a world of animated nature.


Mark Pesce

Pesce: Each one of us grew up in a world where people and pets were invested with a certain internal reality that bricks and blocks obviously did not possess. This is not true for our children.

With Furby we have crossed a line in the sand, and there’s no going back: the current generation of children, comfortable with the in-betweenness of Furby, have a growing expectation that the entire material world will become increasingly responsive to them as they learn to master it.

> The emergence of “artificial” intelligence is a process of symbiosis, transcendence via inclusion, and the posthuman integrates the human, rather than dissociating from it.

Evolution proceeds by including prior forms in novel structures of higher complexity… likewise, the biological will likely be taken up into the embrace of intelligent machines. There is no precedent in evolutionary history for the “leaving behind” of evolutionary precursors. Bacteria and barter still exist, both independently and as elements of more complex organisms and economies.

Pesce: These are prosthetics, these machines, or perhaps, looking the other way around, we are theirs, but neither can really exist without the other. So this “rise of artificial intelligence” is a misapprehension. The rise of intelligence, however — that seems historically inevitable.

Intelligence cannot be made. Intelligence can only be grown. And that means that in essence the machines are no different than ourselves. These are not our masters we’re talking about. These are our children. And how can we not help but love our children? How could they not help but love us?

We can draw a line between ourselves and our machines no more easily than I can draw a line between myself and my eyeglasses.

> Blind faith in technological progress as salvation is called into question, especially as regards the illusion of, and desire for, absolute control.

Psychedelic transhumanism acknowledges the stubborn reality of the body. Our visions of the future are themselves products of our extended phenotype and evolutionary psychology and thus do not merit wholesale acceptance. Absolute control is an illusion, the consequence of ignorance about the nature of the emergent processes by which life and mind come into being.

McKenna: Our technologies... are obviously lethal I would say, but they are fortunately a kind of chrysalis of ideological constraint that technology is in the process of dissolving. William Butler saw this in the 19th Century, Teilhard de Chardin reached it in the forties and the fifties McLuhan expressly articulated this vision in the fifties and the sixties.

Everything is about to get very much more complicated, much larger, the number of choices are about to exponentially explode. In a sense, these technologies point us toward, if not literal godhood, then a kind of fictional godhood. We are all going to become the masters of the narrative in which we are embedded. Our separate stories are going to take on dimensions so multifarious that for all practical purposes we will each move into a cosmos of our own creation and control.

Attention becomes the limiting factor in an ecology of mind. And with finite attention and infinite possibility, the vast majority of whatever world in which we find ourselves will remain beyond our dominion.

New technology not only liberates new realms of expression, exploration, identity, and ethical depth but pushes the world ever-farther from our ability to control it. This is a simple property of complex systems, as much a fact of existence as anything else.

David Pearce: I think discontinuities in our normal state of consciousness lie ahead that exceed the gulf today between waking and dreaming consciousness. That which can’t even be discussed today because we lack the necessary “primitive terms” may well be the most important. What can the congenitally blind person say about the nature of visual experience? For the congenitally blind, more illuminating than intelligence-amplification is the gift of sight.

I think it’s fair to say the transhumanist community is mostly interested in intelligence-amplification — superintelligence rather than supersentience. I share an interest in cognitive enhancement, but in my opinion there is an important sense in which a congenitally blind person with an IQ of 220, or 920, is just as ignorant as a congenitally blind person with an IQ of 120. I worry more about our ignorance in the latter sense than I do about our limited reasoning powers. Psychedelic drugs can briefly give us a tiny insight into how “blind” we normally are; but we soon lapse into ignorance again. Such is the state-dependence of memory. If I’d never tried psychedelics, then I fear I would be scornful of their significance because of the incoherence of most users’ descriptions of their effects. But using the blindness analogy again, someone congenitally blind who is surgically guaranteed the gift of sight can take years before they can make sense of the visual world... at first they are overwhelmed and confused by visual stimuli.

We are linguistically unprepared to address the incredible diversity of perspectives that seem poised to bloom from increasing disparities in bodymind configurations and deepening strata of developmental levels within each of those continua. Claiming to know how these trends will ultimately manifest themselves in the world is what Leary called “caterpillar fantasies about what post-larval life will be like.”

Given an imperfect knowledge of the future, we have to be careful that transhumanism does not lapse into merely commodifying the unknowable, playing to people’s drive for immortality and pleasure as a meme in competition with the satisfaction of more immediate concerns. If transhumanism is understood as faith in our transcendental potential, then wisdom is a technology and real transhumanism starts now.


Erik Davis

Davis: How do we live with creative intelligence and awakened senses in a groundless world beyond our control? Behind the veneer of objective medicine, psychopharmacology is simply offering its own resolutely philosophical answer to the eternal problem of human suffering: Use technology to control its symptoms. The posthuman self is a self on drugs — SSRIs, hormones, brain boosters, neurotransmitters. We have entered an era that sanctions the psychoactive use of commercial chemicals, not just to cure disease or even to relieve suffering, but to reformat who we feel we are.

It’s likely that people will become ever more comfortable with the notion that unpleasant (and unproductive) psychological states are simply bad code in the Darwinian bio-computer. And once you’re comfortably ensconced inside that materialist cosmology, where meaning is secondary to mechanics, there is no particularly compelling reason (other than medical fallout) not to debug the mind with consumer molecules. The paradox is that these mechanistic molecules can produce deeper, more authentic selves. People on SSRIs often describe themselves as finally feeling like normal people, like the person they were meant to be. This paradox… lies at the heart of the posthuman condition.

If one thing makes itself apparent from the psychedelic experience, it’s that the more you know the more you don’t know, and admitting this is a form of death. The acceleration of intelligence and extension of the individual lifespan means that life itself will increasingly come to resemble a constant re-imagining of self — not the indefinite perpetuation that many of us desire, but an ongoing process of death and rebirth. And by its very nature, death is across the event horizon, an impenetrable unknown.

Davis: If I choose to automatically curb a basic dimension of my interior life with a targeted chemical, haven’t I implicitly adopted a highly constricted model of what constitutes “the self”? Rather than embrace these new feelings of relief as the “real me,” someone who modifies their everyday personality with pharmaceutical products must identify with the “I” that chooses to instrumentally control its states of mind.

Most advertising is aimed at the Controller, that portion of self that wants to expand its ability to manipulate the world in order to achieve its goals. Psychiatric drugs, though, add a crucial twist. When [pharmaceutical companies claim that their drugs] can “help you handle it,” the “it” in question is, in the end, nothing other than a now alienated portion of you.

That’s OK if the goal of your life is simply to feel as good as possible for as long as possible. But happiness and freedom may ultimately depend less on maintaining particular states of mind than on cultivating the appropriate attitude toward whatever states of mind arise out of the elegant chaos of life. And it seems to me that control is not the attitude to hold in the long run.



> Seeing the unconscious as persistent and progress as a dialectic leads to the ethical imperative of what can be generally understood as “heart”… a consequent sense of responsibility and a call for coherent and mature visioning of a future upon which we can collectively agree.

Ultimately, a transcendental future does not simply fall on us but is something we collaboratively construct in every moment.

Leary: A renaissance preaches a basic religion of humanism. The aim of individual life is to know yourself and treat each other as human beings...

Davis: Work like that at Princeton University, measuring fields of human consciousness — for example when lots of people focus their attention on sporting events — suggests that it might actually matter what we think about. Then you look at… how technology allows certain kinds of imagination such extraordinary power. I think we’ve lost the tools to navigate these worlds the old-fashioned way, we’re almost rending the physical body, spending more and more time in that kind of etheric space, with no idea what we’re doing, and the fact that this is going to have real world consequences is kind of obvious.

Of course the whole world has always been interconnected, and everyone depends on the world around them, but we tend to feel that we’re outside of that, that we’re individual subjects, that we have control over nature. So it’s almost like a return of the repressed — we want that back again, we need it back if we’re going to deal with sociological and ecological problems.

Pesce: Even as we talk about this gnostic release, this uploading of the soul into some sort of silicon... there’s this body that’s behind, sort of bitching, saying “I am real. And I am the potential, I am the ground in which you work.”

The question of the body is one of the largest questions in virtual reality. Where is the body in cyberspace? Where are you when your email is flashing across the net, when your agents are doing your bidding? Where are you, and how do you maintain your self?

Psychedelics can produce these boundary dissolutions where you flow into another thing. What we’re going to see, and it’s actually quite true, is that certain types of VR can produce the precisely same affect. There are zones where virtual reality can be very dangerous for that reason, or incredibly powerful and meaningful for that reason. So... I really want to work from the heart.

I personally think in my own philosophy that to work in technology, you have to work from the heart center. Because otherwise you’ll create golems, you’ll create Frankensteins, your creations will run away from you. That’s the essence of the story of the golem — that this is a creature that was created with the breath of life but without the light of knowledge or the heart. The heart of God.

I also want to explore the joyous nature of what we can do. One of my biggest gripes about the internet is that it can’t, as yet, contain the tenor of human emotion which is so important. If we’re building this edifice to be the global mind and it can’t laugh, we’ve got a big problem. If it can’t sing, we’ve got a big problem.


Terrance McKenna

McKenna: And what we’re talking about here is using technological prosthesis to extend and enrich humanness, to enrich communication, and it is, believe me, the want of good communication.

If anything undoes us, this will be it: that our languages fail, that we misread each other’s intent, that we could not understand each other.

So I’m seeing here almost a theosophical epiphany of language trying to bootstrap itself toward realms of platonic perfection, which as organic beings we experience as Love. Love, Beauty, Truth — these are the vectors of human becoming. They always have been, they always will be, and the technologies that open these paths for us are no more and no less powerful than the human beings that wield them. So this is an enterprise of integrity and millennial implication, and what lies as the goal is true humanness, in sympathetic symbiosis with the planet, and with these strange children that we have brought into the world, our machines. That is the challenge at the end of history.

As we approach the event horizon, the only mature response is a humble participation in its unfolding mystery... which involves a deep scrutiny of our assumptions that the future will be the modified present, that the posthuman will be merely “humanity plus.”

We think we make the future. But it is equally true that the future makes us, to the degree that our thoughts of the future constitute our minds in this moment, and these minds constrain our experience both present and forthcoming. The fantastic power of language and information upon which the psychedelic transhumanists agree enthrones humble and compassionate intent as a crucial touchstone in our construction of a posthuman ecology of minds. The prevailing theme is that while we may not understand what we are, or are becoming, one thing is clear: We’re all on this trip together.

-----

See Also:

h+ Magazine Current Issue
Neurology of Spiritual Experience
The Genomic Bodhisattva
Post-Darwinian Hedonic Engineering
Transgender, Transhuman, Transbeman: Uploading with Martine Rothblatt
Darwin’s Robots
On the Importance of Being a Cyborg Feminist
Transhumanism At Play
Neurobots are Developing Personalities



Resources

Erik Davis
“The Posthuman Touch”
http://www.techgnosis.com/chunkshow-single.php?chunk=chunkfrom-2005-07-21-1346-0.txt

“Take The Red Pill.”
http://www.techgnosis.com/redpill1.html

“The Matrix Way of Knowledge”
http://www.techgnosis.com/matrixre.html

“Technomancer”
http://www.techgnosis.com/chunks.php?cat=phantasy&sec=articles&file=chunkfrom-2008-01-22-1647-0.txt

Timothy Leary
Interview with Skip E Lowe
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zkv-lFHQjfI&feature=related


The Eightfold Model of Human Consciousness
http://www.nii.net/~obie/8_larvals.htm

Mark Pesce
Becoming Transhuman

Part 1
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=4291550723579995591

Part 2
http://www.viddler.com/explore/mpesce/videos/11/

Part 3
http://www.truveo.com/Becoming-Transhuman-part-3/id/850238096

“Toys and the Playful World”
http://hyperreal.org/~mpesce/WIT.html

Terence McKenna Land
http://deoxy.org/mckenna.htm

Terence McKenna & Mark Pesce
Dialogue at Esalen Center
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VPrfDACDccw&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l38faoCTyTE&NR=1


David Pearce (Also interviewed in this issue of h+)
Personal correspondence
http://hplusmagazine.com/articles/bio/post-darwinian-ethics

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #451 on: October 09, 2009, 01:38:44 pm »
The 'telepathy' chip, turn on the TV using the power of thought
2009 10 08
By David Derbyshire | NoOneHasToDieTomorrow.com
Published in: Tech, Transhumanism



A ‘telepathy’ chip that allows people to control computers, televisions and light switches by the power of thought is being developed by British scientists.

The tiny sensor would sit on the surface of the brain, picking up the electrical activity of nerve cells and passing the signal wirelessly to a receiver on the skull.

The signal would then be used to control a cursor on a computer screen, operate electronic gadgets or steer an electric wheelchair.

The chip is the brainchild of Dr Jon Spratley, 28, from Stevenage, Hertfordshire, who developed a prototype during his PhD at Birmingham University.

'We are just trying to help people with severe communication problems or motor neurone disease - like Dr Stephen Hawking or Christopher Reeve,' he said.

'What we have designed would allow them to control a computer with their thoughts. If they imagine their muscles moving, that could flick a light switch for example.

'It's an area that is being heavily researched in America but so far all the tests have involved wired sensors. This prototype uses wireless technology to remove the risk of infection and that's the real drive of our work.

'The eventual aim would be to see these systems fully working so they are available to help patients communicate. That's the future.'

The 1.3mm 'multi-contact brain probe' has yet to be tested on a living person or animal. However, tests on brain slices in a laboratory have been promising.

Earlier this year, Japanese researchers unveiled a wheelchair powered by brainwaves. The user wears a cap fitted with electrodes that monitor brain activity.

Scientists have also developed a robotic arm controlled by thought. In tests, monkeys were able to feed themselves using the mechanical limb.

Dr Spratley's invention is a tiny sensor designed to be injected by needle into the brain. The chip has 50 'contact spikes' that connect to nerve cells in the brain.

As the needle is withdrawn, four coil antennae - each just 1mm across - are unfurled on the surface of the brain. These communicate wirelessly with a 'base station' - a 16mm diameter receiver that is permanently placed in the hole left by the needle.

The device picks up neural signals from the brain's motor cortex and transmits the impulses via the base station to a receiver connected to a computer.

Dr Spratley said just seven unique 'thought commands' are needed to provide mouse-like controls for a computer.

He believes implanting the chips will require minimal invasive surgery - yet could change the life of a quadriplegic or motor neurone disease sufferer.

'It began as an investigation into what signals paralysed people can generate,' he said.

'If they can imagine using a limb, even if they can't move it, you can tap into that signal.

'Then you just have to imagine moving the muscle and the leg will move, the brain will train itself.

'Stephen Hawking could just think about using his muscles to operate his machine, rather than have to move his cheek.

'And yes, it would have worked for Christopher Reeve. Muscle control comes back.

'My work was only ever going to be the tip of the iceberg and I hope eventually it will help people. I am glad they are taking it forward.'

Previous chips have relied on cables and wires to send brain signals from a sensor to a controller outside the body.

Dr Spratley, who now works for Cambridgeshire-based company 42Technology, says the wireless chip is safer.

He is now looking for funding to start human trials.

-----

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42Technology
Multi-contact brain probe can be injected through a needle

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #452 on: October 09, 2009, 02:04:45 pm »
Multi-contact brain probe can be injected through a needle
Steve Bush
Thursday 13 August 2009 10:51



Consultant engineer Dr Jon Spratley has won the IMechE MediMaton 'best recent PhD thesis' prize for a multi-contact brain probe that can be injected through a needle.

The 1.3mm diameter probe would be inserted into the motor cortex of motor neurone disease sufferers to allow them, in principle, to operate a computer, speech synthesiser or wheelchair.

"I built a prototype of part of the sensor: the contact spikes were micromachined from epoxy, and I built the mechanical structure that would support the probe, " Spratley told Electronics Weekly.

In Spratley's concept, the probe is injected with a needle into the brain through a standard 16mm medical access hole drilled into the skull.

Up to 50 15x15um spikes 1-2mm long (Spratley prototyped 16) project from the tip of the probe and connect with neurons.

At the back of the probe, on the surface of the brain, four wings unfurl as the needle is removed to support four 1mm diameter coil antennas.

In operation, the probe is effectively a passive magnetically-coupled tag.

Its base station is 16mm in diameter, and is permanently inserted into the skull hole instead of a bone plug.

Why not use wires between the probe and the basestation?

"With a wireless link, the dura - the brain's protective sheath - can be completely sealed," said Spratley," and the brain moves around inside the skull."


The flexable microsensor design maximises the inductive antenna area

No electronics were actually built. "I did some analysis of the likely electronics layout using a passive tag to gauge the size for the inductor coils," said Spratley. "The majority of research was into the spikes, to determine how we could make them so they couldn't fail during the process."

The square spikes were actually made on their sides: wet etched from a patterned epoxy layer. Each array of spikes included a snap-off handling tag.

The silicon wafer was etched away, then the spikes were erected on the probe tip using a hand-controlled micromanipulator, said Spratley. After which the handling tags were removed.

For ethical reasons, the spikes have only been tested on brain slices, but in a final system they would be positioned in the sufferer's brain to pick up the signals that are generated when someone uses muscles, a left bicep, for example.

Spratley points out that only seven or so unique signals have to be extracted to provide computer mouse-like commands to a PC.


The microsensor wing prototype folded ready for injection within a 1.3 mm internal diameter cannula

During his three year research programme at the University of Birmingham, has anything been uncovered that could prevent the probe from one day being part of a thought-controlled interface?

"There was no major stumbling block uncovered," he said.

-----

Pictured (very top): Dr Jon Spratley receiving his certificate and a cheque for £750 from Dr Patrick Finlay, MD of category sponsor MediMaton.

Spratley now works for Cambridgeshire-based consultancy 42 Technology.

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #453 on: October 10, 2009, 01:06:35 pm »
Kid-chipper Cap Cyborg reported to police, social services
And we feel a 'how many laws would he be breaking' comp coming on...
By John Lettice • Get more from this author
Posted in Personal, 6th September 2002 13:38 GMT

An electronics expert is attempting to unleash various authorities, including the General Medical Council, local social services and the police on Professor Kevin Warwick for his proposed kiddie-chipping activities.

According to the Reading Evening Post Bernard Albrecht started with the General Medical Council to confirm there was a possible case for assualt in the event of an operation "without medical basis" being carried out on a child. He then checked the police, who appear not to have bitten, and then onwards to social services for Wokingham District Council (after an abortive attempt at Reading Borough Council).

Wokingham somewhat feebly responded, "the project referred to appears to be a research initiative and should therefore be conducted within the university’s guidelines for carrying out ethical research." It is not clear whether by this Wokingham meant 'had better be conducted' or merely 'will no doubt be conducted.' Given what social service departments are supposed to do, we hope it's the former.

Further information that has emerged as Warwick conducted his PR tour this week hasn't entirely made the nature of the device clear, but has almost certainly provided enough evidence for an investigation on health grounds. Warwick still hasn't specified precisely how the device is intended to work, but has revealed that it's a transmitting implant, which is intended to work on the mobile phone network. If you're concerned about possible health implications of children using mobile phones, then it would seem logical to be concerned about surgically implanting mobile phone components in your child. So there are probably half a dozen official bodies in the UK alone who should be taking a look at this one before it goes ahead.

In our previous piece we speculated that the kiddie-chip might be a GPS device, but although there are tracking systems that incorporate GPS, using this technology in anything even approaching the size of an implant isn't feasible, and as the interviews rolled on it became apparent GPS wasn't part of the equation. Here, for example, is ABC of Australia:

"KEVIN WARWICK: Basically it operates off the mobile phone network within the UK and ordinarily it's not sending out any signal at all. It's just in a sleep mode and the idea is that if the parents are worried their child has been missing for several hours that they'll contact the police and as long as the police and the parents are quite happy, then a simple wake up code is transmitted by the network out to the implant, and then it starts sending out a signal which essentially the police can use very quickly to track down where the child with the implant is."

So it's a device that communicates with the mobile phone network and operates in low-power mode until it gets a wake-up call. Then it transmits. There are several problems with this. First, although mobile phone companies have the capability to use triangulation between base stations to produce GPS-like location data, they're rightly sensitive about this. If they did it as a matter of course then they'd get beaten up for privacy invasion, and as and when they do do it they'd like to make (yum) money out of location-based services. Whatever, they won't enable this one lightly for Captain Cyborg, so if the device is really near ready, and it's using triangulation, he must already have an unwary network in tow.

It is of course possible that something could be rigged without the network and without triangulation. Mobile phones can report which cell they're currently communicating with, so the unit could fire this off to a third party, and it could then be used to provide an approximate location on a map. This would be reasonably helpful in a built up area with numerous cells, less so out in the boonies.

All of that presupposes you can get the necessary components of a mobile phone in a small enough package to insert under the skin. Our researches with the industry in the UK lead us to conclude that you can't right now; one of the service providers contacted was absolutely insistent that if you were going to connect to the network you needed to have a SIM, no arguments, and that takes care of most of the real estate on its own. Those of you who said 'what about the mobile phone in the tooth' shoudl be aware that this particular little lark used the jawbone as an antenna, the mouth as a speaker (or something) and required a modified real mobile phone somewhere in the near vicinity, because it was communicating with that, not the network. If it was working, which it wasn't.

Aside from the SIM and the incredibly minituarised phone itself, you need an antenna and a power source. Cyborg is silent on antenna, and therefore may be contemplating something wacky involving bones, but told The Guardian one of the problems still needing to be ironed out was how to recharge the chip's battery. Which we'd have thought was pretty fundamental, while shoving a battery into your body really ought to alert some more government agencies. What kind of battery, Kev?

ABC confirms unreadiness: "Now we're looking for a silicone substance for covering this particular implant. It's not actually making any contact with muscles or the nervous system. It's really just lying dormant most of time in the body, except when called into action." Silicone substance? Did we hear another agency twitch?

Most of the pieces published during Warwick's media frenzy followed his agenda closely, and the Guardian's was no expection. But towards the end you can see another agenda starting to poke out:

"He has called for an urgent government debate on the issue, and believes ministers should consider implants for all children." Could that possibly be what he really said? He went on: "This is why we need the debate to take place. In future it may be that only the police have the authority to allow the system to be activated. But, as things stand, parents can have that right themselves." Conjure up your own spectres from that little lot, people.

Thanks, incidentally, to all of those readers who wrote in with suggestions, pointers and comments. One common thought we think worth considering is the effect widespread chipping is likely to have on ruthless kidnappers; the less evident such devices are, the more exploratory surgery they're likely to do. Even the Whereify system (an example of a GPS-wireless combo with the same objective as Warwick's device) could be vulnerable to this. Yes, it's a bracelet, but oh dear, parents can lock it on. Such parents should make sure their kids carry bolt-cutters, or only get kidnapped by kidnappers who own some. We note from the BBS at www.kevinwarwick.com that LRAM of Columbia says "In Colombia we have 3500 Kidnapping each year We are interesting in your implantable tracking device for security aplications, please send an e-mail to me in other to be more closer to your develope. We have the 65% of the kidnapping in the world. Please help us !" We shudder to think what the FARC's idea of exploratory surgery might be.

Here though, are a couple of the suggestions. Mike Allbright comes up with a corker that pulls in an entirely different infrastructure:

"I agree with your assessment that Warwick's claims can't be realized given today's state of miniaturization, but there is a solution that might make the RFID (SmartID) system work. As I'm sure you know these devices are essentially transponder chips coupled to coils that are energized when the unit passes through a (coded) magnetic field--hence no batteries required. The solution to the child-napper problem might be found in the traffic lights. Most traffic lights (in my neck of the woods) have coils built into the pavement which can detect the presence of a car and cause the lights to change accordingly. Potentially these coils could serve double duty by also transmitting the ident code and reading the ID responses. In a kidnapping situation, these systems could report (in real-time) whenever a particular ID tag passes a such-equipped intersection--enabling authorities to close in on it's location."

There, now you can be worried about traffic lights invading your privacy. Jon Tarry postulates a power charging system that Warwick clearly isn't using, but that might make some sense:

"A mobile phone can be located to approx. the nearest meter by triangulation using 2 or more adjacent cells. If the embedded device only transmits a pulse once every 20 minutes or so, it would seem quite conceivable to construct a small device which could be recharged by induction using e.g. an arm-band at night, especially considering the small size of the watch/necklace mobile-phones available in Japan."

A 20 minute pulse might possibly be more power efficient than permanent standby, waiting for a wake-up. We know not. By the close of this piece we had hoped to be able to bring you the item alluded to at the bottom of the Reading Evening Post article, "In tomorrow’s Evening Post 'I’m right – but let’s have an ethical debate' says Professor Kevin Warwick. Unhappily, this doesn't seem to have made it to the site yet, but no doubt the many IT-savvy locals will let us know the minute it does.

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #454 on: October 10, 2009, 01:20:06 pm »
The CIA Mind Control Doctors: From Harvard to Guantanamo
by Colin A. Ross - Psychiatrist, Author, The CIA Doctors, Military Mind Control and Project Bluebird

The CIA Doctors: Psychiatry & Mind Control (3mins)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IStoyUb697c
http://www.youtube.com/user/CCHRInt

My book, The CIA Doctors, [i] is based on 15,000 pages of documents I received from the CIA through the Freedom of Information Act and dozens of papers published in medical journals.  These papers report the results of research funded by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the Department of the Army, the Office of Naval Research and the CIA.  From 1950 to 1972, the CIA funded TOP SECRET research at many leading universities including Harvard, Yale, Cornell, Johns Hopkins and Stanford.  There was a series of CIA mind control programs including BLUEBIRD, ARTICHOKE, MKULTRA, MKSEARCH and MKNAOMI.

MKULTRA and related programs had several over-lapping purposes.  One was to purchase mind control drugs from suppliers.  Another was to form relationships with researchers who might later be used as consultants at the TOP SECRET level.  The core purpose of these programs was to learn how to enhance interrogations, erase and insert memories, and create and run Manchurian Candidates.  All of this is described clearly and explicitly in the declassified CIA documents, which provide a glimpse into the tip of the iceberg of CIA and military mind control.

The CIA mind control experiments were interwoven with radiation, chemical and biological weapons experiments conducted on children, comatose patients, pregnant women, the general population and other unwitting groups who had no idea they were subjects in secret experiments.  Radiation, bacteria and funguses were released over urban areas.  A large cloud of radiation was released over Spokane during OPERATION GREEN RUN; plutonium was injected into a comatose patient in Boston by Dr. William Sweet, a member of the Harvard brain electrode team; plutonium was placed in the cereal of mentally handicapped children at the Fernald School in New England; 751 pregnant women were injected with plutonium at Vanderbilt University; the bacteria serratia maracens was released into the air in San Francisco, resulting in a series of infections and plutonium was injected into an amputee at the University of Rochester.  All these experiments were conducted without any informed consent or meaningful follow-up.  Hallucinogens, marijuana, amphetamines and other drugs were administered to imprisoned narcotic addicts in Lexington, Kentucky, terminal cancer patients at Georgetown University Hospital, hospitalized sex offenders at Ionia State Hospital in Michigan and johns picked by prostitutes hired by the CIA in San Francisco and New York.

Most of these experiments were conducted by psychiatrists with TOP SECRET clearance.  These included Louis Jolyon West, Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Oklahoma and later at UCLA; Dr. Robert Hyde in Boston; Dr. Carl Rogers at the University of Wisconsin; Dr. Martin Orne at Harvard; Dr. Charles Osgood at the University of Illinois; Dr. James Hamilton at Stanford; Dr. Charles Geschichter at the University of Richmond and Dr. Harold Abramson and Dr. Harold Wolff at Cornell.  Other TOP SECRET-cleared MKULTRA contractors included Dr. Maitland Baldwin, a neurosurgeon at the National Institutes of Health and Dr. Carl Pfeiffer, a pharmacologist at Emory.

The CIA doctors violated all medical codes of ethics dating back to Hippocrates, including the Nuremberg Code.  The experimental subjects were not told the real purpose of the experiments, did not give informed consent, were not afforded outside counsel and received no meaningful follow-up.  As described by the psychiatrists in published papers, experiments with LSD and other hallucinogens, combined with sensory deprivation, electroshock and other interrogation techniques, resulted in psychosis and death among other “side effects.”   The purpose of these experiments was to see how easily a person could be put into a psychotic state or controlled.

In a series of MKULTRA projects, the CIA paid a former Bureau of Narcotics officer, George White, to set up safe houses in San Francisco and New York that were decorated like brothels.  George White then hired prostitutes to pick up johns at bars, bring them back to the safe house, give them LSD without their knowledge, and then have sex with them.  The CIA officers watched the sex through one-way mirrors.  The project documents state that the purpose of the experiments was to test the effects of LSD on unwitting subjects under field conditions that mimicked an interrogation of a foreign operative.

In one of the memos contained in the MKULTRA files for these projects, however, another purpose of the safe house operation is revealed.  The CIA was actually testing the performance of “Jekyll-Hyde” identities they had created in the prostitutes.  They wanted to see if they could make female spies or female agents with alternate controllable personalities.  Another purpose of these experiments was to test the CIA’s Manchurian Candidate prostitutes under conditions that mimicked a field operation.  The johns were given LSD as part of the cover for testing the CIA’s female Manchurian Candidates prior to their use in actual operations (the mission being to have sex with and extract information from targets).  The recruitment of street prostitutes provided an additional layer of cover for the testing of the Manchurian Candidates, plus it provided free live pornography for the CIA officers.

In other experiments, conducted by Dr. Jose Delgado at Yale and Drs. Vernon Mark, Frank Ervin and William Sweet at Harvard, brain electrodes were implanted in people and their mental state and behavior was controlled from a remote radio transmitter box.  These experiments were conducted with funding from the Office of Naval Research.  In experiments at Tulane funded by the CIA and the Army, implantation of brain electrodes was combined with injecting mescaline and other substances directly into the experimental subjects’ brains.

BLUEBIRD, ARTICHOKE and MKULTRA were the precursors of present-day enhanced interrogation programs used by the CIA at secret prisons outside the United States.  Water-boarding, electric shock, hooding, prolonged sleep deprivation, death threats and other techniques discussed in the Senate and Congress and in the media, are, in my opinion, elements of a limited hangout, a CIA strategy in which a little bit of the truth is revealed in order to cover up the greater part of the truth.  None of these experiments or operational programs would be possible without the participation of doctors, psychiatrists and psychologists.  The doctors are directly involved in testing the interrogation techniques and monitoring their effects.

The purpose of mind control experiments is controlling human behavior: making enemy combatants open up during interrogation; protecting secret information by erasing memories; making spies more resistant to interrogation because secret information is held by hidden identities and making people more prone to influence, social control and suggestion.  It has nothing to do with medical treatment, easing suffering or curing disease. The mind control experiments and operational programs violate basic human rights and all codes of medical ethics.

Dr. Colin Ross is a psychiatrist, internationally renowned researcher, author and lecturer. In addition to The CIA Doctors and Military Mind Control, he is also author of Project Bluebird, in which he exposes unethical experiments conducted by psychiatrists to create amnesia, new identities, hypnotic access codes, and new memories in the minds of experimental subjects. His research is based on 15,000 pages of documents obtained under the Freedom of Information Act. Dr. Ross is a past president of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation. He is the founder and President of the Colin A. Ross Institute for Psychological Trauma.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

[i] Colin A. Ross (2006). The CIA Doctors: Human Rights Violations By American Psychiatrists. Richardson, TX: Manitou Communications.

Offline Brocke

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The Microchip Agenda - cashless SmartCards in Victoria
« Reply #455 on: October 11, 2009, 06:37:45 am »

This is a new cashless card system they are pushing (through the public transport) for Victorians to use. Just read the T&C's that I have highlighted. It's a nightmare of control and invasion of privacy.



myki - New ticketing for public transport in Victoria



http://www.myki.com.au

myki is now successfully operating on town buses in Ballarat, Bendigo, Geelong, Seymour, Warragul and Latrobe Valley (covering Moe, Morwell and Traralgon). The next stop on myki’s itinerary is Melbourne

General Terms and Conditions of Use

The myki contactless smartcard ("the Card") is issued to a cardholder ("the Cardholder") subject to these myki Terms of Use. Unless there is already a contract in place between the Cardholder and Public Transport Ticketing Body operating as Transport Ticketing Authority ("TTA") which incorporates these Terms of Use (“Terms”), first use of the Card following its receipt by the Cardholder (including initiating the adding of any additional value or product to the Card) will be taken to be agreement by the Cardholder to these Terms.

The Card may only be used at suppliers of goods or services authorised by TTA from time to time. Where a Cardholder agrees to make a payment from the stored value on the Card, the amount of the payment will be deducted from that stored value. Value and product may only be added to the Card by such means, and in accordance with such procedures, as TTA determines from time to time.

The Card remains the property of TTA. TTA or its authorised representatives may inspect, deactivate, suspend, hotlist or take possession of the Card or require its return at any time in their discretion without notice to the Cardholder and the Cardholder must comply with any directions of TTA or its representatives in this regard. The Cardholder must not alter, tamper, or interfere with the Card or knowingly use a defective card.

Subject to the requirements of Law, and to any other provision of the Terms, TTA has no liability to the Cardholder in relation to these Terms, the use or operation of the Card including in relation to any refusal by an authorised supplier of goods or services to accept payment through the Card or in relation to any goods or services provided by a supplier.  To the extent that warranties or conditions are implied into these Terms which TTA is unable to exclude, TTA's liability is limited to the extent permitted by Law, in the case of the supply of the Card, to repairing or replacing the Card or paying the cost of this and, in the case of any services supplied by TTA, to the re-supply of those services or to the cost of having this done.  A summary of TTA’s main liabilities(and the Cardholder’s respective rights) is set out at portals.ntsprod.com.

Transactions which would result in the stored value on the Card exceeding the maximum amount determined by TTA from time to time will be rejected. The Card may not be able to be used if the stored value falls below the minimum amount determined by TTA from time to time.

If TTA, in its absolute discretion, allows the Card to operate with a debit (negative) stored value balance, the Cardholder must pay TTA any debit (negative) balance on the Card upon request by TTA and any value subsequently added to the Card will be applied first by TTA to any negative balance. The Cardholder is liable to pay the fees and charges as published by TTA from time to time and accessible via portals.ntsprod.com or by calling 13 6954 (13 myki). The applicable fees and charges may be deducted from the stored value on the Card.

TTA may change these Terms, the fees and charges, or introduce new fees and charges, from time to time. If a law regulates such a change TTA will only make such changes to the extent permitted by, and subject to the requirements of, that law. Except in the case of urgent changes, which are changes necessitated by an immediate need to manage, restore or maintain the integrity of its system, a card or an account maintained by TTA in respect of a card ("Card Account"), TTA will give advance notice of any changes to the Cardholder. TTA will notify the Cardholder of any such changes by an advertisement in a major daily newspaper, or by any other method required or approved by Law or these Terms.

Subject to any law, any person presenting the Card may redeem value loaded onto the Card for money (less any amounts owed by the Cardholder to TTA), subject to complying with TTA's requirements. TTA is entitled to reject an application to redeem value loaded onto a Card if there has been a material breach of these Terms.  The Cardholder acknowledges and agrees that until 5 years after last use of the Card or the last activity on the Card Account not initiated by TTA, they wish TTA to hold all money representing value loaded onto the Card unless prior to that time the value is redeemed in accordance with these Terms. After that time such money, other than amounts the value of which is less than $20 (or any higher amount prescribed under the Unclaimed Moneys Act 1962 or equivalent legislation) will be "unclaimed money" for the purposes of the Unclaimed Moneys Act 1962 or equivalent legislation and will only be able to be claimed from the Registrar of Unclaimed Moneys or an equivalent officer or agency.

The Cardholder acknowledges and agrees that, apart from the right to redeem value in accordance with these Terms, they have no legal, equitable or other right or interest in relation to money representing value loaded onto the Card and that no trust or other fiduciary relationship exists between TTA and the Cardholder. The Cardholder acknowledges and agrees that TTA owns all data and expressions of that data resulting from, or in respect of, transactions generated or processed in relation to use or operation of the Card.

If the Cardholder has any complaint about goods or services purchased, it must be raised directly with the supplier. The Cardholder may lodge a complaint in relation to the Card by contacting TTA at portals.ntsprod.com, by calling 13 6954 (13 myki) or as otherwise advised by TTA from time to time.

TTA warrants that it will comply with the provisions of the Electronic Funds Transfer Code of Conduct to other than sections 12.2(a), 12.3, 16 (in the case of anonymous cards) and 21.

All charges, deposits, and fees referred to in these Terms include any GST unless specified to the contrary.

TTA's records are, in the absence of manifest error, conclusive of the amount of stored value on the Card and any other matter in relation to the Cardholder's Card Account or the Card. TTA may adjust the Cardholder's Card Account or Card balance retrospectively if TTA reasonably believes that the either of them is incorrect. TTA may assign or novate its rights and liabilities under these Terms at any time in its absolute discretion without the consent of the Cardholder. Any provision of these Terms which is illegal, void or unenforceable shall be ineffective to the extent only of such illegality, voidness or unenforceability without invalidating the remaining provisions of these Terms or that provision. These Terms will be governed by the laws of Victoria.

Additional Terms For Registration and Registered Cards

Upon request by or on behalf of the Cardholder in the prescribed form, TTA will register the Cardholder as the holder of a Card ("the Registered Card") subject to these Additional Terms for Registered Cards.
If there is any inconsistency between these Additional Terms for Registered Cards and the General Terms of Use, these Additional Terms for Registered Cards will prevail to the extent of that inconsistency.
Each Registered Card must also have a person registered with TTA as an Account Holder ("the Account Holder"). If the Cardholder is at least 17 years old, they may choose to manage their own Card Account by applying to be registered as both the Account Holder and Cardholder of their Card. If the Cardholder is under 17 or otherwise chooses, another person (at least 17 years of age) can register the Card on behalf of the Cardholder and be registered as the Account Holder for the Card. In that case, the Account Holder and the Cardholder will jointly manage the Registered Card in accordance with the rights and obligations given to each of them under these Terms. An Account Holder may manage multiple Card Accounts. The Cardholder and Account Holder acknowledge and agree that TTA may rely upon any instructions given by the Account Holder in relation to the Registered Card.

The Cardholder and Account Holder agree to advise TTA as soon as possible and by means authorised by TTA from time to time, if a Registered Card is lost or stolen. TTA agrees to de-activate or hotlist the Registered Card following notification by either the Cardholder or the Account Holder that it is lost or stolen. If a Registered Card is lost or stolen, the Cardholder or Account Holder has no liability in respect of that Card, or for any costs incurred using that Card, after the time the loss or theft of the Card is notified to TTA, other than any fees which apply.

Where a Registered Card has been lost or stolen, subject to any law the Cardholder may redeem the value loaded onto that Card immediately after the time the loss or theft is notified to TTA or obtain a replacement Registered Card subject to complying with TTA's requirements, which, at TTA's discretion, may involve either the Cardholder or the Account Holder paying a fee. Where a Registered Card has been replaced, TTA will, after deducting any amounts owed by the Cardholder or Account Holder to TTA, transfer the stored value from the Registered Card which is being replaced to the new Registered Card. Any money payable by TTA in respect of the redemption of value loaded onto a Registered Card will only be payable to the Account Holder.

Privacy and Personal Information

The Account Holder or Cardholder ('you') will generally be able to access your personal information. If personal information sought by TTA ('we' or 'us') is not provided, we may not be able to provide the Card and related services, such as registration. For further information about privacy and on rights of access to personal information, visit portals.ntsprod.com or call 13 6954 (13 myki).

Anonymous Cards: Personal information you provide is collected by or on behalf of Public Transport Authorities# for the purpose of issuing the Card to you, and will be used and disclosed only for this purpose.

Registered Cards: Personal information provided by or about you or generated by using the Card is collected by Public Transport Authorities# to issue and administer the Card and relevant entitlements.

Personal information held by Public Transport Authorities may be used or disclosed (including to each other) for the operation of myki; to verify entitlement to concession travel; for ticketing enforcement; in emergencies; otherwise as required or authorised by or under law; or with your consent. We may send you information about transport-related services. We may contact you about other goods and services which we consider may be of interest, unless you have opted out by notifying TTA in the application form or subsequently through the contact details above. A Cardholder's personal information may be disclosed to an Account Holder.

# "Public Transport Authorities" means TTA, the Department of Transport and any agent, contractor or delegate of TTA or the Department of Transport including Metlink and public transport operators.
TTA's main liabilities

This section provides a summary of TTA’s main liabilities and the Cardholder’s respective rights as referred to in the myki Terms of Use.  This section does not form part of the myki Terms of Use.

Subject to the requirements of Law, and to any other provision of the myki Terms of Use, TTA has no liability to the Cardholder in relation to the myki Terms of Use, the use or operation of the Card, including in relation to any refusal by an authorised supplier of goods or servicesto accept payment through the Card or in relation to any goods or services provided by a supplier.

    * This means that the supply of goods and services by TTA comes with non-excludable warranties under consumer protection legislation such as:
    * TTA is the rightful owner of the Cards and has a right to supply Cards to Cardholders.
    * The Cards are of merchantable quality.  That is, the Cards meet a basic level of quality and performance, taking into account their price, description, the apparent condition of the Cards when supplied and the terms as set out in the myki Terms of Use.
    * The Cards are free from defects that are not otherwise obvious to the Cardholder at the time of purchase.
    * The Cards are reasonably fit for their purpose.  That is, the Cards do what they are supposed to do as set out in the myki Terms of Use.
    * Services provided by TTA to the Cardholder will be carried out with due care and skill.
    * Services provided by TTA to the Cardholder are reasonably fit for the purpose for which they are supplied.

 

In the case of breach of any of these implied warranties or conditions, the Cardholder is entitled to have the Card repaired or replaced or a refund or, in the case of services, to have those services re-supplied or to a refund.  Any rights to compensation from TTA are limited as set out in the myki Terms of Use.

Additionally, under the EFT Code of Conduct, to which TTA has subscribed, TTA is liable to the Cardholder for any losses arising from failure to execute or the defective execution of the Cardholder's instructions where that is attributable to a malfunction of any equipment controlled or provided on behalf of TTA provided that malfunction was not caused by the Cardholder.

Finally, TTA may be liable to the Cardholder if it has engaged in misleading and deceptive conduct.


That men do not learn very much from the lessons of history is the most important of all the lessons of history.
~Aldous Huxley

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #456 on: October 12, 2009, 12:24:47 pm »
Microchip Implant to Link Your Health Records, Credit History, Social Security
By Jim Edwards | Oct 5, 2009



Novartis and Proteus Biomedical are not the only companies hoping to implant microchips into patients so that their pill-popping habits can be monitored. VeriChip of Delray Beach, Fl., has an even bolder idea: an implanted chip that links to an online database containing all your medical records, credit history and your social security ID.

As this presentation to investors makes clear, the chip and its database could form the basis of a new national identity database lined to Social Security and NationalCreditReport.com. The VeriMed Health Link homepage describes the chip:

Quote
… a tiny, passive microchip (the nation’s first and only microchip cleared for patient identification by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration) and a secure, private online database that links you to your personal health record. Your Health Link is always with you and cannot be lost or stolen.

That database can be accessed by doctors and nurses:

Quote
About the size of a grain of rice, the microchip is inserted just under the skin and contains only a unique, 16-digit identifier. The microchip itself does not contain any other data other than this unique electronic ID, nor does it contain any Global Positioning System (GPS) tracking capabilities. And unlike conventional forms of identification, the Health Link cannot be lost, stolen, misplaced, or counterfeited. It is safe, secure, reversible, and always with you.

But VeriChip’s ambitions don’t end there, as this diagram indicates:



Yes, it shows your Health Link chip linked to Google, Microsoft, employers and insurers. The company also sees the VeriMed Health Link linked to your “identity security services,” through a separate VeriChip product, PositiveID. This slide show states:

Quote
PositiveID puts people in control of their personal health records and financial information, bridging the gap between secure medical records and identity security

PositiveID dovetails with Health Link:

Quote
Cross marketing opportunities: cross-sell the NationalCreditReport.com customer base the Health Link personal health record and vice-versa

Differentiates PositiveID as the only personal health record that offers identity theft protection

It’s a future in which your doctor tags you like a dog with a microchip that allows anyone with the right privileges to look at your medical records, credit history, social security number (see slide 6), and anything else that stems from that.

Suddenly, storing medical records on paper in locked cabinets inside a single doctor’s office starts to look like something we may not want to rush to give up.

Image: The VeriMed Health Link chip from VeriChip’s web page.

Related:

Microchip Implant Controversy: a Mark of the Beast or the Coming “Singularity”?

Novartis Chip Implant Texts Your Phone When You Need Another Pill

Tags: Database, Microchip, Credit History, VeriChip, Health Care, Medical Record, Personal Health Record, Chip, VeriMed Health Link Homepage, Semiconductors, Social Security, Hardware, Government, Jim Edwards

---

Jim Edwards, a former managing editor of Adweek, has covered drug marketing at Brandweek for four years, and is a former Knight-Bagehot fellow at Columbia University's business and journalism schools.

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #457 on: October 15, 2009, 11:29:47 am »
HERE IS THE RFID MICROCHIP TV ADVERT 100% PROOF IT IS HERE (1min 3s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UDhDrFrs7as

Quote
Some extra links I found for you-
VeriChip will use Raytheon/ELCAN Optical Technologies to Manufacture Its VeriChip
Patient Identification Microchip (Mon Oct 5, 2009 on Reuters)-
http://www.reuters.com/article/pressRelease/idUS105267+05-Oct-2009+BW20091005?sp=true
Novartis chip in a pill to make sure you swallow your pills and take your medication. This will send a text to your phone or your doctor or the police-
http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/c1473442-a6f4-11de-bd14-00144feabdc0.html?catid=62&SID=google
and here-
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/health/healthnews/6219844/Chip-on-the-shoulder-medication-reminder.html

Big Brother in a Little Pill-
http://www.diabeteshealth.com/read/2009/10/03/6391/big-brother-in-a-little-pill-/?isComment=1

Just added-

RFID can help in containing Swine Flu-
http://networkcomputing.in/News-029Sept009-RFID-Can-Help-In-Containing-Swine-Flu.aspx

MORE INFO TO COME

PLEASE SEE MY OTHER VIDEOS 91177info


RFID AGENDA and SECRETS EXPOSED (2min 50s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rX2g8BeT6AE


Offline Outer Haven

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #459 on: October 16, 2009, 05:16:17 pm »
Quote
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HW_PImimbxI
HOLY CRAP!!!

The part of the video where it showed making a cat aggressive instantly via an electrode deeply shocked me!!

This is sick sick sick SICK SICK SICK SICK SICK SICK SICK SICK SICK SICK SICK SICK SICK SICK!!!

And that was, like, in the 30s, right? So imagine what they are capable of now!! If they can do it with cats, there's no reason why they wouldn't be able to pull it off with humans!

"Upon the altair of God, I swear eternal hostility to all forms of control over the mind of man!"

Offline UberTrue.com

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #460 on: October 16, 2009, 05:34:47 pm »
I'm sure they are capable of many forms of mind control now.  Here's a few links from Alan Watt's site.

US Army War College - The Mind Has No Firewall
http://www.carlisle.army.mil/usawc/Parameters/98spring/thomas.htm

"Machines Designed to Change Humans" The Stanford Persuasive Technology Lab
http://captology.stanford.edu/index.html

"Captology: The Study of Computers As Persuasive Technology" by John W. Shaffer
http://edweb.sdsu.edu/people/ARossett/pie/Interventions/captology_1.htm

"Mobile Persuasion: 20 Perspectives of the Future of Behavior Change"
http://mobilepersuasion.com/

Captology.tv
http://www.captology.tv/


-------------------------
http://www.ubertrue.com

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #461 on: October 17, 2009, 08:15:49 am »
Then the nightclubbers: http://edition.cnn.com/2004/WORLD/europe/06/09/spain.club/
Katherine Albrecht - Big Brother, The Chip and the Mark of The Beast (4mins 21s)
http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=-2334244465089453706#

BBC Money Programme: The Real Big Brother

BBC Microchip pt.1 (9mins 58s)
http://www.mediafire.com/?djzzzaawut0
mp4 (43.66 MB)
BBC Microchip pt.2 (9mins 58s)
http://www.mediafire.com/?omllmydnkje
mp4 (43.74 MB)
BBC Microchip pt.3 (9mins 4s)
http://www.mediafire.com/?2fglzmomvxy
mp4 (43.75 MB)

Jo Van Galen, managing director of the Baja Beach Club:
"It's so simple.  I think that within 20 years when you get born you will get a chip."
(3mins 53s - part 1)


Then the children: http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,58945,00.html
Kevin Warwick encouraging a scared mother to chip her child (5mins 49s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=94jq7_uXFyY

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #462 on: October 18, 2009, 11:21:13 am »
One Mainframe To Rule Them All
IBM & Verichip - The Human Microchipping Agenda

One Mainframe To Rule Them All - 1 of 5 (10mins 1s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XVWNlvI-eB4

One Mainframe To Rule Them All - 2 of 5 (10mins 1s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rfv6WJ_h3rM

One Mainframe To Rule Them All - 3 of 5 (10mins)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5k8R4AgQXU

One Mainframe To Rule Them All - 4 of 5 (10mins 1s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RjAbzghMioc

One Mainframe To Rule Them All - 5 of 5 (3mins 16s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YTQqg877nGQ

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #463 on: October 19, 2009, 09:16:43 am »
Two recent interviews with Greg Nikolettos of wethepeoplewillnotbechipped.com:

15th August 2009 - mp3
"Great interview of Greg Nikolettos by James Corbett [corbettreport.com] covering all topics from Verichip, Biometrics, IBM, Internet of things, GIG all the way to Transhumanism."

14th October 2009 - mp3
"Covers fMRI, GIG, Humabio, Biometrics, Sensors, Transhumanism, Electronic Health Records, Neural Networks, OpenID, Internet of Things, EPC, Real Time Web, Global Databases and of course IBM and Verichip"

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #464 on: October 20, 2009, 09:30:49 am »
Page last updated at 10:22 (32) GMT, Sunday, 18 October 2009 11:22 (33) UK
http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/8313037.stm

New robotic hand 'can feel'

See video here.

A team of scientists from Italy and Sweden has developed what is believed to be the first artificial hand that has feeling.

It has been attached to the arm of a 22-year-old man who lost his own hand through cancer.

Researchers say it works by connecting human nerve endings with tiny electronic sensors.

Duncan Kennedy reports from Tuscany in Italy.

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #465 on: October 20, 2009, 10:02:26 am »
There's a clip from an episode of The Simpsons called The Boy Who Knew Too Much (1994) in which one of the children has been fitted with an electronic tracking implant.

You can see/download the clip here.
Alternative download

Offline Brocke

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #466 on: October 20, 2009, 09:24:27 pm »
Myki expects glitches


COMMUTERS should brace for mistakes when the troubled smartcard myki starts operating on the city's tram, train and bus network next month.

 Travellers will need to check their account details on the internet to get refunds in cases of overcharging.

"Inevitably there will be some glitches in the first instance but they will be ironed out quickly," myki spokeswoman Jean Ker Walsh said yesterday.

"Some things will be evident to customers, and we would want them to call the call centre, alert us to that as quickly as possible."

Failure to use myki correctly, including validating the ticket twice, will result in a penalty fare of up to $9.92 being charged.

There will not be an amnesty period for commuters who make mistakes, and if commuters discover they have been overcharged they will have to contact the call centre.

Ms Ker Walsh declined to confirm a start date but the Herald Sun believes it will be the week starting November 15. Other hidden myki nasties revealed yesterday include:

COMMUTERS wanting a card may have to pay up to $10 for it, on top of fares.

THE single Sunday Saver ticket has been scrapped.

CITYWIDE weekend travel for weekly, monthly and yearly ticket holders has been axed.

But in a sweetener, $3 all-day weekend travel for regular commuters has been extended to public holidays.

About 1000 transport employees will use the system in the next few weeks as myki goes through its final test.

"The Metcard system and the myki system will operate in tandem for six to nine months," Ms Ker Walsh said.

Commuters will be charged no more than $9.92 on a weekday if they fail to use myki properly.

"If people forget to touch off, a default fare will be charged. And that will be a fare that is assumed to be your destination," Ms Ker Walsh said.

"The system is not a mind reader. It can't know where you get off."

http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/victoria/myki-expects-glitches/story-e6frf7kx-1225789009325


That men do not learn very much from the lessons of history is the most important of all the lessons of history.
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Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #467 on: October 21, 2009, 10:18:41 pm »
The following article appears on page 444 of William Cooper's Behold a Pale Horse.

It was originally in the August 1, 1989 edition of The Sun.

BIG BROTHER'S COMING!
Revealed: Secret plan to tag every man, woman and child
by JOE FRICK

CODED MICROCHIPS implanted in every person in the country would tie all of us into a master computer that could track anyone down at any moment, and plans for such a system are already under way whether you like it or not!

The secret scheme is being touted as a service for the protection of the people by high government officials, but some insiders who object to the move say it's just another way for Big Brother to control its subjects.

Transmitters

"Top-level national security agents are trying to convince sources in the Bush Administration to begin the project in which every man, woman and child will be implanted with a tiny transmitter," claims Davis Milerand, a critic of government intervention who says he has received leaked information from inside sources.

"They're trying to say this will be a good way for authorities to quickly track down missing persons and children, as well as criminals and spies.

Injections

"But with the astounding technology of today, everything about you could be contained in one tiny microchip, which would be connected to a government computer.

"Any government agency will know what any person has done and is doing at any time."

Other sources say the tiny transmitters can be injected painlessly from a tiny gun in humans without them even knowing it through a nationwide vaccination program.

"All the government would have to do is make up something like the swine flu vaccine," Milerand says.

"Imagine if they said there was a vaccine for AIDS.  People would rush in droves to get shots.

"The doctors themselves may not even know what they're injecting.  They could be told the microchips are genetic implants that reprogram the body into fighting disease."

He adds:  "The program would require all federal, state and local government workers to undergo the injections.

"It would only be a matter of time before everyone is implanted with a microchip, a slave to the government."

-----

Here's the photocopy from Cooper's book:


-----

Incidentally, Cooper's Mystery Babylon series (42 mp3s) can be downloaded from here.

Cooper said that doing the series had sealed his fate. He was murdered 2 months after 9/11, and that wasn't the first attempt on his life; he lost a leg in an "accident" before that.

Bill Clinton had called him the most dangerous radio host in America.

-----

Also, Cooper did a 180 on the whole alien thing. He realised that he had been fed disinformation. He owned up, apologised and then he got on with waking people up. And then he was murdered.

Offline Harconen

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #468 on: October 23, 2009, 04:34:09 pm »
Hitachi Develops RFID Powder





RFID keeps getting smaller. On February 13, Hitachi unveiled a tiny, new "powder" type RFID chip measuring 0.05 x 0.05 mm - the smallest yet - which they aim to begin marketing in 2 to 3 years.

By relying on semiconductor miniaturization technology and using electron beams to write data on the chip substrates, Hitachi was able to create RFID chips 64 times smaller than their currently available 0.4 x 0.4 mm mu-chips. Like mu-chips, which have been used as an anti-counterfeit measure in admission tickets, the new chips have a 128-bit ROM for storing a unique 38-digit ID number.

The new chips are also 9 times smaller than the prototype chips Hitachi unveiled last year, which measure 0.15 x 0.15 mm.

At 5 microns thick, the RFID chips can more easily be embedded in sheets of paper, meaning they can be used in paper currency, gift certificates and identification. But since existing tags are already small enough to embed in paper, it leads one to wonder what new applications the developers have in mind.

source: FujiSankel

Comment: This technology enables tracking devices to be added to just about any product, drug or vaccine without trace.
Resist. Rebel. Cry out to all peoples and nations from the sky as the lightening flashes from the east to the west and judge the living and the dead.Or choose submission and slavery.

The light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.  (John 1:5)

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #469 on: October 24, 2009, 08:30:43 am »
The History Of The Borg Agenda - Part 1 of 6  (10mins 28s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qDj5FVnvUhM

The History Of The Borg Agenda - Part 2 of 6  (10mins 54s)
http://www.zshare.net/video/67338363c0a12cb5/
(Audio was blocked by youtube.)

The History Of The Borg Agenda - Part 3 of 6  (10mins 19s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0ycbz7D-qe4

The History Of The Borg Agenda - Part 4 of 6  (10mins 17s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DL64wu_tpdA

The History Of The Borg Agenda - Part 5 of 6  (10mins 42s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K6mcKULma74

The History Of The Borg Agenda - Part 6 of 6  (9mins 35s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=spJNIpm-f0E

Quote
The Borg Agenda by Lenon Honor can be viewed and/or downloaded at his website - http://www.lenonhonorfilms.com

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #470 on: October 24, 2009, 11:56:46 am »
An Input/Output Device for the Brain - Made of Light, Algae, and Bacteria



Michael Chorost, author of science autobiography Rebuilt, has a great article in Wired this month about a biotechnological breakthrough that could result in functional cyborgs. Using this biotech, people could access the internet with our brains.

Chorost's article is about the dawning of the age of "optogenetics," a field where scientists stimulate neurons (such as those in your brain) to fire or stop firing by genetically-engineering those neurons to respond to light. Thus, optogenetics: optics plus genetics. An inserted algae gene makes neurons fire when exposed to blue light; an inserted bacterial gene stills them when they're exposed to yellow light. Imagine being able to make the neurons responsible for chronic depression or Parkinsons stop firing with the flick of a switch. That's the dream of the scientists who are working in this field.

You've probably heard about a few optogenetic experiments over the past couple of years. Chorost describes one of the more famous ones, where students got a mouse to run counterclockwise by exposing a few neurons in its brain to blue light using fiber optic wires. He writes:

Quote
The counterclockwise-running mouse was something new - a triple fusion of animal, plant, and technology - and the students knew it was a harbinger of unprecedentedly powerful ways to alter the brain. For curing diseases, to begin with, but also for understanding how the brain interacts with the body. And ultimately for fusing human and machine.

Mice with Parkinsons symptoms who underwent optogenetic treatment also saw dramatic improvement.

And Chorost is quick to point out that Parkinsons treatments are just the beginning. Optogenetics open the door for two-way traffic between computers and the human brain. He explains:

Quote
No matter how good they get, one-way prostheses can't close the loop. In theory, two-way optogenetic traffic could lead to human-machine fusions in which the brain truly interacts with the machine, rather than only giving or only accepting orders. It could be used, for instance, to let the brain send movement commands to a prosthetic arm; in return, the arm's sensors would gather information and send it back. Blue and yellow LEDs would flash on and off inside genetically altered somatosensory regions of the cortex to give the user sensations of weight, temperature, and texture. The limb would feel like a real arm. Of course, this kind of cyborg technology is not exactly around the corner. But it has suddenly leapt from the realm of wild fantasy to concrete possibility.

Of course, there are darker fantasies that lurk here too, of perfect mind control and memory suppression. Indeed, optogenetic devices could one day lead to the consumer-grade memory-eating devices in Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind. Or to Google implants in your brain.

You have to read this mind-blowing, brilliantly-written article.

via Wired

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #471 on: October 25, 2009, 02:54:36 pm »
Algae and Light Help Injured Mice Walk Again
By Michael Chorost  October 19, 2009  |  3:00 pm  |  Wired Nov 2009



In the summer of 2007, a team of Stanford graduate students dropped a mouse into a plastic basin. The mouse sniffed the floor curiously. It didn’t seem to care that a fiber-optic cable was threaded through its skull. Nor did it seem to mind that the right half of its motor cortex had been reprogrammed.

One of the students flipped a switch and intense blue light shone through the cable into the mouse’s brain, illuminating it with an eerie glow. Instantly, the mouse began running in counterclockwise circles as though hell-bent on winning a murine Olympics.

Then the light went off, and the mouse stopped. Sniffed. Stood up on its hind legs and looked directly at the students as if to ask, “Why the hell did I just do that?” And the students whooped and cheered like this was the most important thing they’d ever seen.

Because it was the most important thing they’d ever seen. They’d shown that a beam of light could control brain activity with great precision. The mouse didn’t lose its memory, have a seizure, or die. It ran in a circle. Specifically, a counterclockwise circle.



Precision, that was the coup. Drugs and implanted electrodes can influence the brain, but they are terribly imprecise: Drugs flood the brain and affect many types of neurons indiscriminately. Electrodes activate every neuron around them.

This is bad for researchers, because practically every square millimeter of the brain contains a mess of different kinds of neurons, each specialized for a particular task. Drugs and electricity set off cascades of unwanted neural activity. Side effects.

It’s bad for patients, too. Cochlear implants, which let the deaf hear by shocking the auditory nerves, produce fuzzy sound because the electricity spreads beyond the neurons it’s aimed at. Deep brain stimulators for Parkinson’s patients allow them to walk and speak but may cause seizures and muscle weakness. Electroshock can help depression but often results in memory loss.

In 1979, Francis Crick, codiscoverer of the double-helix structure of DNA, lamented the blunderbuss nature of existing technologies. What was needed, he wrote in Scientific American, was a way to control neurons of only one cell type in one specific location. Which, nearly 30 years later, was precisely what these students had achieved.

But how could they be using light? Neurons don’t respond to light any more than muscles do. The idea sounds as crazy as trying to jump-start a car with a flashlight. The secret is that the mouse’s neurons weren’t normal. New genes had been inserted into them — genes from plants, which do respond to light, and the new genes were making the neurons behave in planty ways.

Genes are just instructions, of course. By themselves they don’t do anything, just as the instructions for your Ikea desk don’t make it leap together. But genes direct the assembly of proteins, and proteins make things happen. The weird new plant proteins in this mouse’s brain were sensitive to light, and they were making the neurons fire.

The counterclockwise-running mouse was something new — a triple fusion of animal, plant, and technology — and the students knew it was a harbinger of unprecedentedly powerful ways to alter the brain. For curing diseases, to begin with, but also for understanding how the brain interacts with the body. And ultimately for fusing human and machine.

The story of this technology starts with a most unlikely creature: pond scum. In the early 1990s, a German biologist named Peter Hegemann was working with a single-celled bug called Chlamydomonas, or, less technically, algae. Under a microscope, the cell looks like a little football with a tail. When the organism is exposed to light, its tail wags madly, moving the cell forward.

Hegemann wanted to know how this single cell, with no eye or brain, responded to light. How did it “see”? What made it “act”?

Answers slowly emerged: Hegemann and his colleagues found that part of the cell’s membrane is packed with coiled-up proteins. They theorized that when a photon hits one of those proteins, the molecule uncoils, creating a tiny pore in the membrane. Charged ions flow across the membrane, which makes the cell’s flagella move. And the whole shebang swims forward.

This was good, solid cell research. Fascinating little machines! But completely useless fascinating little machines. It wasn’t until the end of the decade that scientists figured out how they might be put to use.

In 1999, Roger Tsien, a biologist at UC San Diego, was heeding Crick’s call for better ways to trigger neurons. When he read about Hegemann’s work with Chlamydomonas, he wondered: Could that photosensitivity somehow be imported into neural cells? To do that, it would be necessary to figure out which gene made the light-sensitive protein in the Chlamydomonas cell wall. Then the gene could be inserted into neurons so that, Tsien hoped, they too would fire in response to light.

Now, using light to make neurons fire wouldn’t be a huge deal; electricity could do that. But the exciting part was that a gene could be designed to affect only specific kinds of neurons. Scientists can mark a gene with a “promoter” — a cell-specific piece of DNA that controls whether a gene is used.

Here’s what they do: Insert the gene (plus promoter) into a group of viral particles and inject them into the brain. The viruses infect a cubic millimeter or two of tissue. That is to say, they insert the new gene into every neuron in that area, indiscriminately. But because of the promoter, the gene will only turn on in one type of neuron. All the other neurons will ignore it. Imagine you wanted only the lefty in an outfield to catch. How would you do that? Distribute left-handed gloves to all the players. The righties would just stand there, fidgeting and calling their agents. The lefty would spring into action. Just as the lefty is “tagged” by his ability to use the glove, a neuron is “tagged” by its ability to use the gene. Bye-bye side effects: Researchers would be able to stimulate one kind of neuron at a time.

It was a dazzling idea. Tsien wrote to Hegemann asking for the Chlamydomonas light-sensitivity gene. Hegemann wasn’t sure which one it was, so he sent two possibilities. Tsien and his graduate students duly inserted both into cultured neurons. But when exposed to light, the neurons did nothing at all. Tsien extracted two more genes from the algae and tried one of them, but that didn’t work either. “After three strikes, you have to admit that you’re out and try something else,” Tsien says. So he moved on to another line of research and put the fourth gene back into the lab refrigerator, unexamined.

Tsien may have put his work on ice, but Hegemann and his colleagues continued searching; two years later, they inserted a gene into a frog egg and shone light on it. Voilè0! The egg responded with a flow of current.

When Tsien read their paper, he recognized the gene immediately. It was, of course, the one he’d put away. “Our error was not to put it in the fridge,” Tsien says wryly, “but rather to fail to take it back out.” That’s science, though: “You win some, you lose some.” (And he did end up winning some. For his new area of research, using genes to make cells glow by cell type, he won a Nobel Prize in 2008.)

Hegemann’s team named the gene Channelrhodopsin-1. In 2003, they published a bold proposal about its variant, Channelrhodopsin-2: It “may be used to depolarize [activate] animal cells … simply by illumination.” Now someone had to find a practical use for this discovery.

Karl Deisseroth, a psychiatrist at Stanford, has seen many people with horrific brain diseases. But there are two patients, in particular, that drive his work. He once treated a bright college student ravaged by depression who had grown terrified by its assault on his mind. The other patient was frozen by Parkinson’s. The disease had slowly destroyed the motor control areas of her brain until she was unable to walk, smile, or eat. “I couldn’t save either of these patients,” Deisseroth says. “My inability to treat them, despite our best efforts, has stayed with me.”

Deisseroth, a compact man in his late thirties, is also a neuroscientist. He holds a psych clinic one day a week but spends the rest of his time running a lab. In 2003, he read Hegemann’s paper and asked himself the same thing that Tsien had back in 1999: Could the brain’s misbehaving cells be tagged genetically and controlled with light?

He took on several graduate students to research this, including Feng Zhang and Ed Boyden. Zhang had just graduated from Harvard. He is precisely spoken, his lean sentences tinged with a Boston accent overlaid on a Mandarin one. Boyden, on the other hand, talks so fast he swallows his words, as if his brain were perpetually outracing his mouth. He’s a man in a hurry. He had graduated from MIT at age 19 with a thesis on quantum computation and was pursuing his doctorate in neuroscience.

In 2005, Zhang and Boyden repeated Tsien’s experiment. This time, though, they had the right gene. They inserted it into a culture of neural tissue on a glass slide and poked a tiny electrode into one of the neurons so they would know when it fired. Then they aimed blue light at it. (Channelrhodopsin reacts most strongly to light at 480 nanometers on the spectrum, i.e., blue.)

Their apparatus looked like a microscope that spent its off-hours at the gym. It had a camera screwed into the eyepiece, a laser aimed at the slide, and big boxes of circuitry for amplifying the tiny current they hoped to see. If the cell fired, a huge in-your-face spike would appear on a screen. And that’s exactly what happened. With every flash, another spike marched across the whiteness.

They now had an On switch for neurons. But in the brain, it’s as important to inhibit neurons as it is to make them fire. As with computers, 0 is as crucial as 1; they needed an Off switch, too. When Boyden finished his PhD, he took an appointment at MIT and began hunting for it. He found there was a bacterial gene, halorhodopsin, that had properties suggesting it could do the opposite of channelrhodopsin. In 2006, Boyden inserted halorhodopsin into neurons and exposed them to yellow light. They stopped firing. Beautiful.

Over at Stanford, Deisseroth’s team was making the same discovery, and soon they were stopping worms in their tracks with yellow light. Other labs were already making flies leap into the air when exposed to blue light. And on The Tonight Show, Jay Leno had even joked about the technology with a clip in which he pretended to steer a “remote control” fly into George W. Bush’s mouth. The research was mushrooming, and dozens of labs were calling Deisseroth to ask for the genes. The new field was dubbed optogenetics: optical stimulation plus genetic engineering.

But neurons in petri dishes and in bugs were comparatively simple. Would optogenetics work in the staggeringly complex tangle of a mammalian brain? And could it be used to cure real brain illnesses?

By summer 2007, Deisseroth’s group had answered the first question with their counterclockwise mouse. They put the channelrhodopsin gene into the mouse’s right anterior motor cortex, which controls the left side of the body. When the light went on, the little guy went left.

Deisseroth immediately put his lab to work figuring out what part of the brain needed to be stimulated to cure Parkinson’s. Optogenetics was the ideal tool because it let researchers test various types of neurons to find which one would make legs move again, hands grasp again, faces smile again.

But test after test failed. “This was a discouraging time,” Deisseroth says. “The project was almost abandoned, because we had difficulty showing any therapeutic result.”

Many experts had thought the cure was to stimulate certain kinds of cells within the subthalamic nucleus, which coordinates motion. But when they tried that, it had no effect whatsoever. Then two of Deisseroth’s grad students began experimenting with a dark-horse idea. They stimulated neurons near the surface of the brain that send signals into the subthalamic nucleus — a much harder approach because it meant working at one remove. It was as if, instead of using scissors yourself, you had to guide someone else’s hands to make the cuts.

Their idea worked. The mice walked. In their paper, published in April 2009, they wrote that the “effects were not subtle; indeed, in nearly every case these severely parkinsonian animals were restored to behavior indistinguishable from normal.”

Over at MIT, Boyden was asking the obvious question: Would this work on people? But imagine saying to a patient, “We’re going to genetically alter your brain by injecting it with viruses that carry genes taken from pond scum, and then we’re going to insert light sources into your skull.” He was going to need some persuasive safety data first.

That same summer, Boyden and his assistants began working with rhesus monkeys, whose brains are relatively similar to humans’. He was looking to see whether the primates were harmed by the technique. They triggered the neurons of one particular monkey for several minutes every few weeks for nine months. In the end, the animal was just fine.

The next step was creating a device that didn’t require threading cables through the skull. One of Deisseroth’s colleagues designed a paddle about one-third the length of a popsicle stick. It has four LEDs: two blue ones to make neurons fire and two yellow ones to stop them. Attached to the paddle is a little box that provides power and instructions. The paddle is implanted on the surface of the brain, on top of the motor control area. The lights are bright enough to illuminate a fairly large volume of tissue, so the placement doesn’t have to be exact. The light-sensitizing genes are injected into the affected tissue beforehand. It’s a far easier surgery than deep brain electrical stimulation, and, if it works, a far more precise treatment. Researchers at Stanford are currently testing the device on primates. If all goes well, they will seek FDA approval for experiments in humans.

Treating Parkinson’s and other brain diseases could be just the beginning. Optogenetics has amazing potential, not just for sending information into the brain but also for extracting it. And it turns out that Tsien’s Nobel-winning work — the research he took up when he abandoned the hunt for channelrhodopsin — is the key to doing this. By injecting mice neurons with yet another gene, one that makes cells glow green when they fire, researchers are monitoring neural activity through the same fiber-optic cable that delivers the light. The cable becomes a lens. It makes it possible to “write” to an area of the brain and “read” from it at the same time: two-way traffic.

Why is two-way traffic a big deal? Existing neural technologies are strictly one-way. Motor implants let paralyzed people operate computers and physical objects but are incapable of giving feedback to the brain. They are output-only devices. Conversely, cochlear implants for the deaf are input-only. They send data to the auditory nerve but have no way of picking up the brain’s response to the ear to modulate sound.

No matter how good they get, one-way prostheses can’t close the loop. In theory, two-way optogenetic traffic could lead to human-machine fusions in which the brain truly interacts with the machine, rather than only giving or only accepting orders. It could be used, for instance, to let the brain send movement commands to a prosthetic arm; in return, the arm’s sensors would gather information and send it back. Blue and yellow LEDs would flash on and off inside genetically altered somatosensory regions of the cortex to give the user sensations of weight, temperature, and texture. The limb would feel like a real arm. Of course, this kind of cyborg technology is not exactly around the corner. But it has suddenly leapt from the realm of wild fantasy to concrete possibility.

And it all began with pond scum.

In 1999, Roger Tsien, a biologist at UC San Diego, was heeding Crick’s call for better ways to trigger neurons. When he read about Hegemann’s work with Chlamydomonas, he wondered: Could that photosensitivity somehow be imported into neural cells? To do that, it would be necessary to figure out which gene made the light-sensitive protein in the Chlamydomonas cell wall. Then the gene could be inserted into neurons so that, Tsien hoped, they too would fire in response to light.

Now, using light to make neurons fire wouldn’t be a huge deal; electricity could do that. But the exciting part was that a gene could be designed to affect only specific kinds of neurons. Scientists can mark a gene with a “promoter” — a cell-specific piece of DNA that controls whether a gene is used.

Here’s what they do: Insert the gene (plus promoter) into a group of viral particles and inject them into the brain. The viruses infect a cubic millimeter or two of tissue. That is to say, they insert the new gene into every neuron in that area, indiscriminately. But because of the promoter, the gene will only turn on in one type of neuron. All the other neurons will ignore it. Imagine you wanted only the lefty in an outfield to catch. How would you do that? Distribute left-handed gloves to all the players. The righties would just stand there, fidgeting and calling their agents. The lefty would spring into action. Just as the lefty is “tagged” by his ability to use the glove, a neuron is “tagged” by its ability to use the gene. Bye-bye side effects: Researchers would be able to stimulate one kind of neuron at a time.

It was a dazzling idea. Tsien wrote to Hegemann asking for the Chlamydomonas light-sensitivity gene. Hegemann wasn’t sure which one it was, so he sent two possibilities. Tsien and his graduate students duly inserted both into cultured neurons. But when exposed to light, the neurons did nothing at all. Tsien extracted two more genes from the algae and tried one of them, but that didn’t work either. “After three strikes, you have to admit that you’re out and try something else,” Tsien says. So he moved on to another line of research and put the fourth gene back into the lab refrigerator, unexamined.

Tsien may have put his work on ice, but Hegemann and his colleagues continued searching; two years later, they inserted a gene into a frog egg and shone light on it. Voilè0! The egg responded with a flow of current.

When Tsien read their paper, he recognized the gene immediately. It was, of course, the one he’d put away. “Our error was not to put it in the fridge,” Tsien says wryly, “but rather to fail to take it back out.” That’s science, though: “You win some, you lose some.” (And he did end up winning some. For his new area of research, using genes to make cells glow by cell type, he won a Nobel Prize in 2008.)

Hegemann’s team named the gene Channelrhodopsin-1. In 2003, they published a bold proposal about its variant, Channelrhodopsin-2: It “may be used to depolarize [activate] animal cells … simply by illumination.” Now someone had to find a practical use for this discovery.

Karl Deisseroth, a psychiatrist at Stanford, has seen many people with horrific brain diseases. But there are two patients, in particular, that drive his work. He once treated a bright college student ravaged by depression who had grown terrified by its assault on his mind. The other patient was frozen by Parkinson’s. The disease had slowly destroyed the motor control areas of her brain until she was unable to walk, smile, or eat. “I couldn’t save either of these patients,” Deisseroth says. “My inability to treat them, despite our best efforts, has stayed with me.”

Deisseroth, a compact man in his late thirties, is also a neuroscientist. He holds a psych clinic one day a week but spends the rest of his time running a lab. In 2003, he read Hegemann’s paper and asked himself the same thing that Tsien had back in 1999: Could the brain’s misbehaving cells be tagged genetically and controlled with light?

He took on several graduate students to research this, including Feng Zhang and Ed Boyden. Zhang had just graduated from Harvard. He is precisely spoken, his lean sentences tinged with a Boston accent overlaid on a Mandarin one. Boyden, on the other hand, talks so fast he swallows his words, as if his brain were perpetually outracing his mouth. He’s a man in a hurry. He had graduated from MIT at age 19 with a thesis on quantum computation and was pursuing his doctorate in neuroscience.

In 2005, Zhang and Boyden repeated Tsien’s experiment. This time, though, they had the right gene. They inserted it into a culture of neural tissue on a glass slide and poked a tiny electrode into one of the neurons so they would know when it fired. Then they aimed blue light at it. (Channelrhodopsin reacts most strongly to light at 480 nanometers on the spectrum, i.e., blue.)

Their apparatus looked like a microscope that spent its off-hours at the gym. It had a camera screwed into the eyepiece, a laser aimed at the slide, and big boxes of circuitry for amplifying the tiny current they hoped to see. If the cell fired, a huge in-your-face spike would appear on a screen. And that’s exactly what happened. With every flash, another spike marched across the whiteness.

They now had an On switch for neurons. But in the brain, it’s as important to inhibit neurons as it is to make them fire. As with computers, 0 is as crucial as 1; they needed an Off switch, too. When Boyden finished his PhD, he took an appointment at MIT and began hunting for it. He found there was a bacterial gene, halorhodopsin, that had properties suggesting it could do the opposite of channelrhodopsin. In 2006, Boyden inserted halorhodopsin into neurons and exposed them to yellow light. They stopped firing. Beautiful.


Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #472 on: October 25, 2009, 03:01:58 pm »
On Fringe, Brain-Computer Interface Chips Have Real-Life Inspiration
In "Dream Logic," patients who have had a high-tech chip implanted in their brains see funny things that make them doubt reality, and ultimately turn them into murderers—seemingly without motive. PM spoke with Dr. David Carley, direct of the Center for Narcolepsy, Sleep and Health Research at the University of Illinois–Chicago to find out if we should be watching our backs for sleepwalking killers.

By Erin McCarthy
Published on: October 16, 2009



As mad scientist Walter Bishop and son Peter settle into their new two-bedroom Boston apartment in the opening scenes of "Dream Logic"—Walter would prefer to sleep on the couch rather than in his bedroom because "the kitchen is only 13 steps away!"—3000 miles west, in Seattle, Wash., Greg Leeder is seeing things. More specifically, all of his co-workers appear to be demons—and his boss, with big horns and a freakishly distorted face, is their leader. Greg promptly bludgeons the poor guy to death with his briefcase. In the hospital, Greg explains to FBI Agent Olivia Dunham and Peter Bishop that it was like he was in a nightmare. Then he has what appears to be a seizure; his hair turns white, and he dies. The cause? Acute exhaustion, according to Walter Bishop.

Greg, it turns out, had been a sleepwalker. So he enrolled in a study (always a mistake on Fringe), run by Dr. Laxmeesh Nayak, that tested the effectiveness of brain computer interface (BCI) chips implanted in the brain's thalamus. The chip, connected to a remote computer, monitored brain waves and stimulated the thalamus to induce a deeper sleep. Nayak claims that his chip has cured all REM sleep disorders. Through a wacky experiment involving an EEG net, a neurostimulator and a drugged FBI agent sent to babysit him while Dunham and Peter remain in Seattle to investigate, Walter ascertains that the BCI is transmitting all the sensory information that runs through a patient's thalamus, including color, sound and picture—and that the chip can actually turn on a dream-like state while the patient is awake. The endgame isn't mind control, as Peter theorizes, but rather stealing dreams for "the rush. The man who came in contact with this drug—in my estimation, that man would become enslaved," Walter says.

Though they might seem like something out of science fiction, BCIs do exist, and have been used on human subjects, says Dr. David Carley. "For example, deep-brain-stimulating electrodes have been used in an attempt to treat intractable epilepsy," Carley says. "However, BCIs have not been used in an attempt to control sleep cycles, and the regulation of sleep cycles involves mechanisms that go far beyond the thalamus."

Furthermore, Carley says, stimulating the thalamus doesn't necessarily lead to deeper sleep. "It has recently been shown that transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) of the brain cortex can indeed produce EEG signs of deep sleep," Carley says. "And TMS is a kind of BCI that doesn't even require implanted electrodes." Scientists believe BCIs could be used to control seizure activity that does not respond to drugs, to control prosthetic limbs or other devices (Breakthrough Award winner John Donoghue is working on such a chip), and to direct stimulation of sensory cortex to help the blind see using artificial sensors.

While BCIs do send (or stimulate) and receive (or record) information, the idea that they could be used to facilitate direct transfer of understandable information from one person's brain to another is "not currently possible," Carley says. "It is not feasible to use a BCI to directly 'read' another person's thoughts or dreams, whether recording in the thalamus or anywhere else. Also, activity in the thalamus is only a very small part of the ideational activity associated with dreaming sleep. Certainly a thalamic implant would not detect every bit of salient activity during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep."

The idea that someone could steal dreams is pure bunk—as is Walter's idea that because this transfer is happening, the brain can never recharge, leading to death by exhaustion. "Even if the thalamus were effectively disconnected from the cortex during dreaming sleep, this would not prevent the brain from recharging," Carley says. "Many long-term experiments have been conducted in which human or animal subjects have been selectively deprived of REM sleep for weeks at a time without gross untoward consequences, and certainly not death. In fact, many common antidepressants are very effective in suppressing REM sleep, and patients certainly don't die from this loss of REM."

On Fringe the chips have the ability to "turn on a dreaming state while they're awake," giving the patients who have the chips hallucinations, feelings of paranoia and an inability to determine what's real. That's "not even remotely possible," Carley says. But "there is a phenomenon known as lucid dreaming, in which the subject is in a REM state, but becomes aware that they are dreaming and attempts to try to 'control' the course of their dreams through conscious effort. The existence of lucid dreams is not fully accepted in the field of sleep science."

The bottom line is that we won't have to watch our backs for sleepwalking killers, whether they've had BCIs implanted or not. As Peter (correctly) says, sleepwalkers typically aren't violent. Nor do they remember their experiences. "This behavior is most common in children, and they often outgrow their sleepwalking naturally," Carley says. "REM sleep behavior disorder may be more problematic. Normally, REM sleep is a time of active dreaming, in which the brain is very active, but the body is paralyzed. This keeps the body from acting out on the dream scenarios. In REM sleep behavior disorder, the paralysis does not occur, and the body responds to movement signals from the brain. Again, the individual is not consciously aware of their physical behavior during this state, but violent actions have on occasion been attributed to this disorder."

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #473 on: October 25, 2009, 03:21:05 pm »
Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, human life spans
Transhumanism and becoming part of the Borg collective on Star Trek

By Dr. Laurie Roth  Thursday, October 15, 2009

There are many radical leftist and scientific groups that want to re-invent seeds,  the earth, genetically alter plants and animals, fire God and transform humans into a new creature of power, influence and perfection.  Who needs God they say,  we can live forever soon or for hundreds of years, be integrated with software and advanced technology while controlling the world.

Transhumanism is a growing, intellectual, philosophical and technological push into human evolution and attempts at perfection, with the end game of control.  Nick Bostrom is one of the appointed messiahs behind this group and he is not a bean head sitting in a small cabin in Montana somewhere.  He is a respected professor at Oxford University in the school of Philosophy.  He has written tons of articles and books on this subject but I will share with you just a few of his ever so enlightened statements:

“The enhancement options being discussed includes radical extension of human health-span, eradication of disease, elimination of unnecessary suffering, and augmentation of human intellectual, physical, and emotional capacities.”  “Transhumanists view human nature as a work-in-progress, half-baked beginning that we can learn to remold in desirable ways.  Current humanity need not be the endpoint of evolution………they hope through the use of technology and science they will survive long enough to become post human…..cryonically suspended then de-animated.”

This week on my radio show I was talking with Dr. Martin Erdmann a theologian, author of Building the Kingdom of God on earth and renowned scientist from Switzerland and Pat Wood, director of augustreview.com.  We dove into this weird subject, one I had never even heard of.  They said that Transhumanists are wanting to merge humans more and more with technology, software and computers.  They are working with much financial backing, to create a new,  non-human/creature/machine/software type personoid. 

Only this week Futurist and technology pioneer Ray Kurzweil wrote in an article that soon through the use of nanotechnology and biotechnology human life spans will be extended to near immortality. 

These scientists and professors love hiding behind the usual barriers and socially acceptable playgrounds, environment, technology,  science, medicine and human need.  They all paint themselves as the Mother Teresas and messiahs of change when in truth they are really planning and attempting to recreate humanity.  People are to be morphed into a new creature as they worship themselves and flip off the almighty God!

It is wonderful that science wants to slow down and stop disease, but going to the place of reinventing people, merged with computers and machines is truly looking like we are turning into the Borg collective and the Matrix.  Many in the Transhumanist movement also want to interconnect the human race with computer software.  Just imagine where some of these scientists who teach at major universities will take us if we let them.  Brains tied into a master computer???  Who will control that?  Will we be programmed and manipulated for our own good away from God, freedom and truth?

I certainly don’t want suffering for myself or anyone else,  but,  it is nothing but arrogance, evil and a coming horror show for Transhumanism to try and merge us with machines and software just to avoid being human. 

This frail and very human girl will say in her very imperfect voice…..you fancy scientists can line up and KISS MY GRITS!  I will trust in the real God who made me and do the best I can with my health.  I have no interest or need to be perfect or a post human hybrid machine.  You know, all these fancy Oxford type geniuses who keep trying to find eternity, want us to freeze our bodies so they can call us back to the living someday.  ARE THEY DUMBER THAN POSTS?

You don’t have to change your body,  be a Ph.D.  futuristic wizard at Oxford to live forever.  God already told us how,  in His Holy Bible…..and you don’t even have to become part of the Borg or connect to a toaster oven.

-----

Dr. Laurie Roth Most recent columns
Just Who is this Annie Oakley of the airwaves?
Laurie Roth has a Ph.D. in counseling and a black belt in Tae Kwon Do, is happily married and currently resides in Washington State. She is a singer/songwriter with five CD albums to her credit.  She plays the piano, keyboard, and violin and has a voice that can penetrate your very soul. 
 

Laurie is also an accomplished Author, Cartoonist, and Artist.

She can be reached at: Drljroth@aol.com

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #474 on: October 25, 2009, 03:33:21 pm »
Using Human “Wetware” to Control Robots
By admin
Created 10/16/2009 - 09:44



What happens when a man is merged with a computer or a robot? This is the question that Professor Kevin Warwick and his team at the department of Cybernetics, University of Reading in the UK have been trying to answer for a number of years.

There are many ways to look at this problem. There is the longer term prospect of freeing the mind from the limitations of the brain by uploading it in digital form, potentially onto a computer and/or robotic substrate (see the h+ interview with Dr. Bruce Katz, Will We Eventually Upload Our Minds?). There is also a shorter term prospect at a much more limited scale — a robot controlled by human brain cells could soon be wandering around Professor Warwick’s UK labs.

Professor Warwick (who incidentally has a device implanted in his left arm that enables his nervous system to be connected to a computer) and his colleague Ben Whalley from the School of Pharmacy recently created a robot that is controlled by cultured rat neurons. The next step in their research is to use a human neuron cell line, a type of “wetware.”

As reported in New Scientist, some 300,000 rat neurons grown in a nutrient broth and producing spikes of electrical activity were connected to the output of a small robot's distance sensors. The neurons proved capable of steering the robot around an enclosure. Here’s the New Scientist video of the robot courtesy of the University of Reading:

Robot with a rat brain (58s)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1-0eZytv6Qk

This research is the first step in examining how memories create neurological structures in the brain, and how the brain stores specific pieces of data. The researchers hope that this will lead to a better understanding of diseases and disorders that affect the brain such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, stroke, and brain injury.

Warwick comments, "This new research is tremendously exciting as firstly the biological brain controls its own moving robot body, and secondly it will enable us to investigate how the brain learns and memorizes its experiences. This research will move our understanding forward of how brains work, and could have a profound effect on many areas of science and medicine."

Warwick, Whalley, and colleagues don’t need specific ethical approval from the University or the UK government.to move forward with the human neuron cell line as soon as they are ready. The cultures are available on the open market and "the ethical side of sourcing is done by the company from whom they are purchased,” according to Whalley.



The use of the term “wetware” has been around since the mid-1950s.  In the recent academic literature, it refers to cells (that are “wet”) built out of molecular circuits that perform logical operations, as electronic devices do, but with unique properties. Mathematician and science fiction writer Rudy Rucker used the term as the title of his 1988 cyberpunk novel, and later defined it in the book Mondo 2000: A User’s Guide to the New Edge (edited by some fellow named R.U. Sirius) as the “physical DNA in a cell.”  Rucker now refers to physical DNA in a 2007 blog entry as “lower level” wetware, with higher-level wetware defined as, “The arrangement of a body’s cells –- and the all-important tangling of the cortical neurons…”

According to a University of Reading press release, the “wetware” biological brain used by the UK robot is made up of cultured neurons that are placed onto a multi-electrode array (MEA). The MEA is a dish with approximately 60 electrodes that pick up the electrical signals generated by the cells.

Biologically-generated signals drive the movement of the robot.

The biologically-generated signals drive the movement of the robot. Every time the robot nears an object, the electrodes generate signals to stimulate the brain. In response, the brain's output is used to drive the wheels of the robot left and right so that it avoids hitting objects. The robot has no additional control from a human or a computer –- its sole means of control is from its own brain. Dr. Whalley comments, "One of the fundamental questions that scientists are facing today is how we link the activity of individual neurons with the complex behaviors that we see in whole organisms. This project gives us a really unique opportunity to look at something which may exhibit complex behaviors, but still remain closely tied to the activity of individual neurons. Hopefully we can use that to go some of the way to answer some of these very fundamental questions."

While this isn’t exactly merging a man with a computer, it is merging some significant human carbon-based “wetware” (in Rucker’s 2007 definition of the term) with some sophisticated silicon-based circuitry in robotic form. Does this mean that whole brain implants into cyborg bodies are in our future

See Also
h+ Magazine Current Issue
Here Come The Neurobots
The Artificial Hippocampus
EPOC Neuroheadset

Resources:

Robot with a Biological Brain
http://www.reading.ac.uk/about/newsandevents/releases/PR16530.aspx

Robots to be controlled by human brain cells
http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn17761-robot-to-be-controlled-by-human-brain-cells.html

Wetware: A Computer in Every Living Cell
http://www.amazon.com/Wetware-Computer-Every-Living-Cell/dp/0300141734

Rudy’s Blog – What is Wetware?
http://www.rudyrucker.com/blog/2007/08/25/what-is-wetware/

Professor Kevin Warwick’s Home Page
http://www.kevinwarwick.com/

Mondo 2000: A User’s Guide to the New Edge
http://www.amazon.com/Mondo-2000-Aphrodisiacs-Artificial-Techno-Erotic/dp/0060969288

Robotics
http://hplusmagazine.com/articles/robotics

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #475 on: October 25, 2009, 03:56:52 pm »
Brain On a Chip
A Roundup of Projects Working on Silicon Intelligence
Written By: Surfdaddy Orca
Date Published: April 7, 2009 | View more articles in: AI



Are we humans – with our carbon-based neural net “wetware” brains – at a point in history when we might be able to imprint the circuitry of the human brain using transistors on a silicon chip?

A well-covered recent article in MIT's Technology Review reports that a team of European scientists may have taken the first steps in creating a silicon chip designed to function like a human brain.

What’s involved in this seemingly Herculean task? The brain is a parallel processor. The colorful blue jay I see flitting from tree to tree in my garden appears as a single image. But the brain divides what it sees into four components: color, motion, shape, and depth. These are individually processed - at the same time – and compared to my stored memories (blue things, things with feathers, things that fly, other blue jays that I've seen).

My brain then combines all of these processes into one image that I see and comprehend. And that’s just vision aspect of a multiplexed moment of perception. At the same time, I smell the fragrant flowers in my garden, hear the neighbors talking about a party, feel my muscles relax as I sit in my lounge chair, and daydream about the beaches of Fiji while I answer my cell phone.

The MacBook Pro Intel core duo that I'm using to type this article is also doing several things at once. At the highest level, its world consists of programs with multiple computational threads running at the same time. Parallel processing makes programs run faster because there are more CPUs or cores running them.

Today's most powerful supercomputers are all massively parallel processing systems with names like Earth Simulator, Blue Gene, ASCI White, ASCI Red, ASCI Purple, and ASCI Thor's Hammer. Through Moore's Law – which states that the number of transistors on a chip double every eighteen months – single chips that function as parallel processor arrays are becoming cost effective. Examples include chips from Ambric, picoChip, and Tilera.

The brain is also massively parallel, but currently on a different scale than the most powerful supercomputers. The human cortex has about 22 billion neurons and 220 trillion synapses. A supercomputer capable of running a software simulation of the human brain doesn’t yet exist. Researchers estimate that it would require at least a machine with a computational capacity of 36.8 petaflops (a petaflop is a thousand trillion floating point operations per second) and a memory capacity of 3.2 petabytes – a scale that supercomputer technology isn't expected to hit for at least three years.

Enter the team of scientists in Europe that has created a silicon chip designed to function like a human brain. With 200,000 neurons linked up by 50 million synaptic connections, the chip is still orders of magnitude from a human brain. Yet, the chip can “mimic the brain's ability to learn more closely than any other machine” – thus far.

“The chip has a fraction of the number of neurons or connections found in a brain, but its design allows it to be scaled up.” So says Karlheinz Meier, a physicist at Heidelberg University in Germany, and the coordinator of the Fast Analog Computing with Emergent Transient States project, or FACETS.

Henry Markram, head of the Blue Brain project at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, uses the same databases of neurological data as FACETS. Among the challenges he faces is “recreating the three-dimensional structure of the brain in a 2-D piece of silicon.”

Markram admits that the simulations of biological brain functions using a silicon chip are still crude. "It's not a brain. It's more of a computer processor that has some of the accelerated parallel computing that the brain has," he says.

Markram doubts that the FACETS hardware approach will ultimately offer much insight into how the brain works. For example, unlike the Blue Brain project, researchers aren’t able to perform drug testing – simulating the effects of drugs on the brain using silicon. "It's more a platform for artificial intelligence than understanding biology," he says.

Markram’s Blue Brain project is the first comprehensive attempt to reverse-engineer the mammalian brain. The brain processes information by sending electrical signals from neuron-to-neuron using the “wiring” of dendrites and axons. In the cortex, neurons are organized into basic functional units – cylindrical volumes – each containing about 10,000 neurons that are connected in an intricate but consistent way. These units operate much like microcircuits in a computer. This microcircuit, known as the neocortical column, is repeated millions of times across the cortex.

The first step of the project is to re-create this fundamental microcircuit, down to the level of biologically accurate individual neurons. The microcircuit can then be used in simulations such as a genetic variation in particular neurotransmitters, mimicking what happens when the molecular environment is altered using drugs.

Brains In Silicon, an interdisciplinary program at Stanford, also combines neurobiological research with electrical engineering. The program has two complementary objectives: to use the existing knowledge of brain function to design an affordable supercomputer that can then itself serve as a tool to investigate brain function, “feeding back and contributing to a fundamental, biological understanding of how the brain works.”

Kwabena Boahen, Brains In Silicon principal investigator and an associate professor of bioengineering at Stanford, has been working on implementing neural architectures in silicon. One of the main challenges to building this system in hardware, explains Boahen, is that each neuron connects to others through 8,000 synapses. It takes about 20 transistors to implement a synapse. Clearly, building the silicon equivalent of 220 trillion synapses is not an easy problem to solve.

The quest to reverse-engineer the human brain is described in detail in Jeff Hawkins' well-known book On Intelligence. Hawkins believes computer scientists have focused too much on the end product of artificial intelligence. Like B.F. Skinner, who held that psychologists should study stimuli and responses and essentially ignore the cognitive processes that go on in the brain, he holds that scientists working in AI and neural networks have focused too much on inputs and outputs rather than the neurological system that connects them.

Hawkins' company, Numenta, is creating a new type of computing technology modeled on the structure and operation of the neocortex. The technology is called Hierarchical Temporal Memory, or HTM, and is applicable to a broad class of problems from machine vision, to fraud detection, to semantic analysis of text. HTM is based on the theory of the neocortex first described in Hawkins’ book.

In The Singularity Is Near, Ray Kurzweil comments that, “…hardware computational capacity is necessary but not sufficient. Understanding the organization and content of these resources – the software of intelligence – is even more critical and is the objective of the brain reverse-engineering undertaking.” He goes on to famously say that once a computer achieves a human level of intelligence, it will necessarily soar past it.

h+ contributor Ben Goertzel (like Kurzweil) has stated that – given the problems facing humanity – we may not be able to wait on advances in hardware and the reverse-engineering of the brain to achieve the AI vision of human-like intelligence (or greater). His Novamente Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) software is not dependent on a specific hardware architecture, although it will obviously benefit from massively parallel supercomputer architectures. Key cognitive mechanisms of the system include a probabilistic reasoning engine based on a variant of probabilistic logic and an evolutionary learning engine that is based on a synthesis of probabilistic modeling and evolutionary programming. It’s a different approach than reverse-engineering the brain, but one that may yield results more quickly.

With research and development converging on all fronts – hardware and software – it would seem to be only a matter of time until a brain with human-level complexity is available using a massively parallel architecture on silicon chip. Karlheinz Meier's FACETS group now plans to further scale up their chips, connecting a number of wafers to create a superchip with a total of a billion neurons and 1013 (10 trillion) synapses, well on the way to the 22 billion neurons and 220 trillion synapses of the human brain.

If Ray Kurzweil is right, superchip development won't stop at 22 billion neurons, even if Moore's law is no longer applicable and it becomes impossible to get additional transistors on a piece of silicon. Physicist Freeman Dyson at Princeton University has visualized spheres extracting usable stellar energy. Currently the stuff of SciFi, a “Class B stellar engine” would consist of a series of nested Dyson spheres – a Matryoshka brain like a series of Russian dolls enclosed inside each other – and composed of nanoscale computers powered by a star.

See Also:
h+ Magazine Current Issue
Wolfram|Alpha: Searching for Truth
The Global Financial Crisis
The Future of Machine Intelligence

Resources

Technology Review
http://www.technologyreview.com/computing/22339/

Blue Brain Project
http://bluebrain.epfl.ch/

Stanford University Brains In Silicon
http://www.stanford.edu/group/brainsinsilicon/objectives.html

Wired Magazine
http://blog.wired.com/gadgets/2009/02/cognitive-compu.html

Numenta
http://www.numenta.com/

Novamente
http://www.novamente.net/engine/

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #476 on: October 25, 2009, 04:08:34 pm »
The Chip Is At The Tip Of The Needle by Dr Ryke Geerd Hamer New GermanMedicine - NANO CHIP [DEATH CHIP] AT THE TIP OF THE NEEDLE
Wed, 09/16/2009 - 10:05 — Arthur Cristian

The Chip is at the Tip of the Needle

By Dr Ryke Geerd Hamer (New GermanMedicine)

Yesterday, 27 August 2009, I was giving an introductory talk about German New Medicine (GNM) near Vienna, Austria. My wife was with me and about 40 listeners. At the end as part of the discussion the swine flu was mentioned and a lady got up and declared the following:

A friend of hers works for a pharmaceutical company in Vienna and told her that the swine flu injection needles indeed contain nano particles in their very tip, which cannot be detected with the naked eye but are clearly visible with as little as a 12 times magnifying microscope like children’s toy microscopes. The staff of the pharmaceutical company was advised that these nano particles work in the human body like a motherboard in the computer and lots of data can be stored on it, which will make cash cards obsolete. This measure was also intended to do an accurate census and to protect babies, as many mothers would simply “discard” their newborn, without knowledge of the authorities.

This lady further disclosed that she was working in the medical field. She had asked a lawyer who came to her as a patient, how it was possible to avoid being chipped. He told her that he was aware of the planned chipping of the population; in fact most upper class members of society were aware of this plan. For this year no forced vaccinations were planned but to rather encourage people through the media to volunteer for the jab.

In case too few would come forward, forced vaccination was planned for next year. Exempt from those were certain professional groups like the
police, medical personal, politicians etc. Being a lawyer, he knew ways for himself to avoid the jab, but for the majority of the population there was no escape.


Hitachi’s new RFID chips (pictured, next to a human hair) are 64 times smaller than their mu-chips (left)

-----

Interview with Dr Gert Hamer (GNM)

by Helmut Pilhar (Engineer)

Wednesday, 26. August 2009

Hamer: Within a few days our worst fears were indeed superseded by this cruel reality.

Pilhar: Geerd, are you talking about the $1000 fine and 30 day arrest threats for refusal to take the vaccination in the US?
http://thebirdflupandemic.com/archives/1000-per-day-fine-and-30-days-in-jail-for-refusing-the-swine-flu-vaccine-in-massachusetts

Hamer: Yes, but the objectors (death chip opposers are traitors) are not going to be put into normal prisons but in especially prepared concentration camps of which hundreds have been prepared all over the country http://info.kopp-verlag.de/news/amerikanische-konzentrationslager-fertig-und-einsatzbereit.html - And you can leave those only by getting chipped. And once you are outside it is open season through the death chip. By chance these people are then going to drop dead like flies after their release.

Pilhar: Are you talking about the beginning of the great population cull?

Hamer: It can only mean that. Otherwise it does not make any sense to get the military and the police involved, threaten with such draconian
penalties, all just to get the people to participate in a simple seasonal flu shot campaign. It just does not make any other sense. Apart from the fact that there cannot even be a vaccination like that. You vaccinate in October (northern autumn) for the next summer. That is totally laughable. With Tamiflu you can maybe suppress typical healing phase symptoms for 2-3 weeks and even that is totally brainless in the light of GNM.

Pilhar: It is noteworthy that in the US there are literally many 100,000 plastic coffins stock piled http://vids.myspace.com/index.cfm?fuseaction=vids.individual&VideoID=39130476 - What for? And apart from that the population has been systematically stripped of weapons and protective dogs.

Hamer: You can best understand what the intent is by what is NOT talked about. One may talk about the vaccination, but nobody mentions the chip implanting by name. That is really strange because the chipping is the obvious issue in the face of these massive governmental measures. And that the Hitachi chip works and can be combined with the death chip we already talked about during the last interview.

The same can be seen in how my GNM ( German New Medicine) fared. For 28 years one was only allowed to discuss Hamer, the “Unperson”, but
not whether GNM actually works and whether its claims are repeatable, and can be proven to work, in spite of 30 verified published results. The same applies to Tamuflu! There are endless discussions about Tamiflu causing harm but none about the chip. Of course Tamiflu is harmful, it is a poison. It is also very damaging in the healing process or in the vagotonic phase of a pregnancy (last trimester). But the death chip adds a whole new dimension. That this death chip is going to be used without concern can be seen in the fact that chemo and morphine have been used without concern in spite of final mortality rates of 98%, while 98% could have survived with GNM. Imagine the unscrupulousness of?all oncologists, as they are fully aware that GNM adds up from a scientific perspective and works

Pilhar: It is also very strange that the Americans have created this Marshall Law, under which critics can be easily removed by the thousands and millions. And once you have chipped the people they cannot run away from you anymore.

Hamer: It is obvious that this chip battle has been under preparation for many years. The idiotic swine flu, that does not even really exist, was actually the wrong tool: 3 dead pigs and one child, dead from who knows what, with that they lied and constructed a worldwide pandemic into existence. But it goes to show what a well organised world press is able to achieve: They can turn a mole hill into a mountain.

Pilhar: It started with the AIDS lie, then followed the BSE lie. After the 9/11 lie followed the Anthrax lie. Then it was the Bird Flu lie, now it is the Swine Flu lie. Next year we’ll have the Mice Flu lie. It all points to the “Endloesung”, the final solution. When everybody has a chip then that will constitute the complete slavery, then everybody can be manipulated and assassinated arbitrarily.

Hamer: First they jump on the babies and the pregnant women. They are first to be treated with chips and Tamiflu. Many of the pregnant women
in their last trimester are going to lose their babies, because Tamiflu is totally toxic. But also the women themselves can die, as their bodies are vagotonic during the last trimester.? It is a known fact that during vagotonia one flu shot or one morphine injection can be deadly.

In the meantime there seems to be some panic in the US. Where in the world can you flee to, people are asking themselves, where will you not be forcibly injected with the death chip and have one free moment away from your enemies?

One has to consider realistically what it would be like to carry this death chip and know that any day you can simply be switched off by the Centre in Tel Aviv. You are completely defenceless against that and complaining won’t do you any good: “If I only had known...” Therefore it is really important for the ruling class to keep the people in the dark about it as long as possible.

Once the slaves have the death chip implanted they are allowed to know about it. Then they will be like trained poodles. Nobody will dare to speak up. It will be like among the Masonic brethren. Everybody knows that the moment he utters a word of dissent, he will be served poison in the coffee by the always Jewish Grand Master and won’t survive another day. The whole world is going to be a concentration camp full of slaves, except for the members of one religious group. To have the death chip implanted is the potential personal death sentence at any given time.

How naive do you have to be to demand of Mossad and the CIA to disclose what their real intentions are, “to table the facts” The mouse never believes the cat will come.

In a company with several hundred staff, which produces, or better fills the injection needles for the chip vaccination, it will only need one or two “reliable” people to insert the chip at the end. Then all the other workers can confirm that they knew nothing. This is called “quality control” and “final check” and appears completely normal.

Strange is too that every single chip vaccination needle has its own individual code number, which is added to the ID number. Why else would the silly “summer flu shot” needle have its own individual number and why should the passport accompany the supposed flu vaccination? And why do the Americans not want to let anybody into the country who does not have a chip?

Pilhar: The „Club of Rome“ declared in the 70s in one of their publications (possibly in Mankind at the Turning Point ) in effect? That either the birth rate would have to be reduced or the death rate increased. The Max Planck Institute believes that the world population must be reduced to 2 billion people. In the US there is the so called “American Stonehenge”, http://www.igeawagu.com/news/corruption/1199237261.html a message
engraved in 100 ton granite blocks, that the world population has to be reduced to 500 million people, to reach an “Era of Reason”.

When you look at the supposed issue of "overpopulation" it is interesting to note that apparently the State of Texas alone could feed all 6 billion people. If one piled those 6 billion?bodies with an average weight of 80kg and a volume of 80 liters on top and side by side of each other in a cube shape, the sides of this cube would be only 800 meters long. In Austria we could hide such a cube in the next valley.

I don’t believe in the so called “overpopulation” but rather suppose that the globalisation fanatics don’t need 6 billion work slaves and therefore want to reduce the population to one tenth.

Hamer: Helmut, you were right when you said during our last interview on 13 August 2009: „Once they have accomplished that, they have won.“
Therefore the German New Medicine had to be suppressed, because if this awareness and knowledge had been common place they could not
have done it.

“Lewwer duad us Slaav!“ Rather dead than slave! (from Pidder Lueng, by Detler von Liliencron).

Cheers to the GNM, the New Biological Medicine and a world view of freedom and truth for us all.

Dr. Ryke Geerd Hamer ……………………………………………………………….

Ing. Helmut Pilhar ………………………………………………………………

Link to this posting: http://www.fourwinds10.com/siterun_data/health/vaccinations/news.php?q=1252603660

And: Here is the original link: http://welt-blog.ch/chip-sitzt-in-der-spritzen-spitze


REMEMBER THIS WAS BACK IN 2003
Now we are in 2009.
The chips became much smaller and the storage capacity much bigger,
WITH INBUILT ANTENNA TAKING THE ENERGY FROM INCOMING ELECTRICAL WAVES!!

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Rat Nerve Cell Pings Computer Chip

By Tracy Staedter, Discovery News
http://dsc.discovery.com/news/briefs/20060417/nervechip_tec.html

April 19, 2006 A rat nerve cell attached to a semiconductor chip has exchanged a signal with the chip, an achievement that could lead to organic computers that process information like a brain, say researchers.

Rat Nerve on Chip


Picture: Courtesy of Peter Fromherz |

This image shows the rat neuron on a transistor. Scientists registered communication between the chip and the neuron, bringing thinking computers and brain-controlled artificial limbs closer to reality.

[Note: This was back in 2006. This technology is one of the forerunners of using DNA to control MANS brain, a technology which has now already been developed and is being used secretly against us. Arthur & Fiona Cristian - Love For Life]

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Never knowingly take the mark...not that you dont have it already.....wake up!

Whats a S.I.N. number.....whats a T.I.N. number

This would be WHY they want to force vaccinations. They have tried every way they can think of to get people to take a chip voluntarily--for health, for safety, for convenience. Most people know better than to accept a chip. Now they have a chip this small??

And you would never know you had it. I figured they are trying to force chips. I thought the chip might be in the vaccine itself.

Another thing I feel quite sure about, they have made people so dependent on general health care and made it soooo expensive that people will clamor to jump into a decent socialized health care plan. When they do, they will have to take a chip to be included. There are many reasons not to take a chip. Primarily, you can be traced wherever. You might not think that is a big deal until you refuse to subscribe to ANY of THEIR rules and you are hunted down like an animal. Also, chips have been proven to create cancerous cells. It taints our electro-magnetic fields. M.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------

See Also: Video/Podcast/Articles/Blog Journalist Jane Burgermeister: Case About Bird Flu Criminal Charges Filed In Austria About Bird Flu: Journalist Files Charges against WHO and UN for Bioterrorism and Intent to Commit Mass Murder: http://loveforlife.com.au/node/6671 and Video: Swine Flu 1976 & Propaganda - The Devastation, The Victims Who Took The Shots Back In 1976 - "WARNING" "WARNING" - 16 Min: http://loveforlife.com.au/node/6636 and Bird Flu - Avian Flu - Smallpox - Pandemics - Pestilence - Swine Flu: http://loveforlife.com.au/node/2756 and Vaccination: http://loveforlife.com.au/node/106 and Chemtrails - Haarp - Morgellons Disease - Scalar Electromagnetic Technology - Weather Wars: http://loveforlife.com.au/chemtrails and Mercury: http://www.loveforlife.com.au/node/810 and New World Order - NWO = OWN The Planet + Microchiped Population + Police State & Fema Camps Internment & Detention Camps: http://loveforlife.com.au/node/3060

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #477 on: October 30, 2009, 08:19:53 am »
Microchips on bins monitor what U.K. residents are recycling
By Bryan Mitchell, Stars and Stripes
UK weekly edition, Wednesday, October 11, 2006

RAF MILDENHALL — A move by the British government to measure recycling and trash collection has been met with a mixed response by American military families and the British contractors who recycle base waste.

Some fear computer chips installed on recycling and rubbish bins to measure the amount of goods recycled and sent to landfills is an invasion of privacy. Others welcome the program as a way to promote increased environmental action.

The microchips have been installed in bins by municipalities across the United Kingdom, including the Forest Heath District Council, which includes RAFs Lakenheath and Mildenhall.

Forest Heath’s bins, however, have yet to measure waste and recycling, as the council lacks the proper technology, and it’s unclear when the chips will be activated, according to council spokeswoman Sally Rode.

The program drew the ire of civil libertarians, partly because many municipalities, including Forest Heath, did not inform constituents of the plan. Its advocates, however, contend the program is vital to bringing the United Kingdom in line with other European countries for the amount of waste recycled.

Melissa Callais, who lives in RAF Mildenhall on-base housing, says her family recycles about 50 percent of their household waste, and believes the microchips aren’t a reason to worry.

“I read about it in the local paper, and I wasn’t too concerned if it’s an issue of weight,” Callais said. “I really don’t have anything to hide, but I think I should have been informed. It would have been polite to let me know.”

Ministry of Defense employee Robert Pool, who manages the on-base recycling program at RAF Mildenhall, said he feared the Orwellian element of the chipped bins.

“What I am concerned about is Big Brother,” Pool said. “They know enough about it me as it is. What are they going to use the info for next?”

His counterpart at RAF Lakenheath, Rod Barrett, voiced concern that the local council installed the chips without notifying residents.

“‘We’ll do what we want because we’re the council.’ They are a law onto themselves,” Barrett said of the council’s attitude toward the project. “I personally wouldn’t want a chip in my bin.”

Many of his countrymen agree, and there have been several reports in the British media of people removing the chips as an act of protest. A Sept. 10 story in The Mail, one of London’s leading daily papers, reported that roughly 25,000 chips have been unscrewed and removed by residents in Bournemouth Council in the south of England.

The Forest Heath District Council, however, asserts the program has helped make the council one of the best in the country for recycling and that it had no obligation to inform resident of the chips.

“We said two years ago when we instituted the blue bins that we would weigh waste collected,” Rode said. “There was no separate announcement needed.”

That includes the bins on the Royal Air Force installations which host U.S. Air Force units, where the council’s garbage men collect garbage and recycled goods from on-base housing.

The East Anglian Housing Office on RAF Lakenheath as well as the 100th Civil Engineering Squadron were not informed of the program, according to an RAF Mildenhall spokesman.

Capt. Jamie Humphries said neither office was overly concerned over the chipped bins.

Neither is Danielle Long, who says moving to England has significantly increased her family’s recycling habits.

“You really have to recycle because the trash collectors only come every other week,” she said. “It has made us recycle more. I think we will continue even when we leave.”

The Long family has become so proactive that their 20-month-old daughter, Cami, also takes part in the green program.

“She knows the diapers go in the trash can with the lid and that pieces of paper or candy wrappers go in the other bin,” she explained while holding her daughter.

Staff Sgt. John Golightly, 25, of Mount Pleasant, Texas, also said he has no problem with the bins being chipped without his prior notice.

“It’s always better to recycle,” he said. “Anything that helps.”

But Pool fears the councils will soon use the data to create a tax on waste.

“I’m pretty sure that’s where this is going,” Pool said.

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #478 on: October 30, 2009, 08:27:11 am »
Glasses To Project Images Directly Into Retina Terminator Style
October 26th, 2009 by keith kleiner   Filed under bionic body, virtual reality.



Brother Industries, Ltd. has just announced that next year it plans to produce Retinal Imaging Display (RID) glasses that augment regular vision.  Just as in the popular Terminator movies, these glasses could project supplemental information into your field of vision to augment your normal vision.  Although Brother and most of the blogosphere is hyping that the product will be ready by 2010, I am skeptical.  Even if they do appear in 2010, will the quality and form factor of the glasses be reasonable?  I doubt it.  Augmented reality sent directly into our retinas is certainly on the horizon, and its going to be awesome…but the technology still needs several more years of innovation before it is ready to break out.  In the meantime, we can wet our imaginations with what is to come.



So how do the RID glasses work anyway?  For those that want to get more depth on how the whole RID thing works, a decent place to start seems to be available from the US Navy.  Sadly the information from Brother is pretty thin, only adding to my skepticism of their product plan.  The glasses are equipped with an attachment piece that literally projects light onto your retina.  The light source for the eyepiece comes from a hard drive sized laser generator that you would have to carry on your hip or somewhere on your body.  Brother claims that the images are transparent enough that they don’t interfere with the real visual field of what you are seeing.



It sounds great in theory, but does it really work as advertised and without complications?  What about the images causing headaches due to temporal distortion, image stabilization, and other factors?  How is the augmented information correlated in realtime with the real images streaming into your field of vision?  Will the images being projected into your retina be of high enough resolution to see writing and other informative data crisply?  All of these issues and more will need to be addressed before Brother is able to offer a viable product.

Don’t get me wrong – I certainly commend Brother for working to develop such a neat product and I am excited to see where they can go with this.  I just think we need to set reasonable expectations for the timeline of their product development.  The Hub has reviewed several augmented reality applications that already exist on iphones and elsewhere and even a contact lens concept, and now Brother introduces us to the possibility of wearable awesomeness.  The real and virtual worlds continue to collide, but it will still be several years before this collision starts to make some really big waves.  In the meantime maybe its time to watch that Terminator movie again – I’m pretty sure augmented reality is not the only part of our future that the movie foretells…

Related Posts:

Augmented Reality Could Be Coming to Your Contact Lens
Augmented Reality is Full of Zombies
Where No Augmented Reality Has Gone Before!
Forget Paint, Turn The Side of Your Building into a Video Screen
Reality - Now With Augmentation


Tags: augmented reality, augmented vision, brother glasses, rid, virtual reality

Offline matrixcutter

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Re: The Microchip Agenda
« Reply #479 on: October 30, 2009, 08:31:07 am »
Scientists Worry Machines May Outsmart Man
July 28th, 2009 by keith kleiner   Filed under artificial intelligence, robotics.

Prominent New York Times reporter John Markoff just came out with a story titled “Scientists Worry Machines May Outsmart Man” that has raised some eyebrows.  Several friends that aren’t even in the science/tech space have since asked me about it so I thought I would chime in.  Are machines really about to outsmart us?  What is the future of man and machine in the next 5, 10, and 20 years?


Man Vs Machine...Or Is It Man And Machine?

First, some background from the Markoff story.  Sadly, because of the New York Times’ twisted broken old school business model, you can’t even read their story directly unless you have an account.  But there is a way around it…go to Google News (news.google.com) and search for Markoff’s story and the New York Times lets you read it for free if you come from Google News.  Anyway, the Markoff story cites a conference on Feb 25, 2009 that was held at the Asilomar Conference Grounds on Monterey Bay in California in which prominent AI and robotics researchers sounded the alarm about the stunning advances machines are making.  The concern wasn’t so much that a super intelligence that exceeded or even matched human ability was coming – at least not right away.  Rather the immediate concern was that machines are right now making significant advances in several small niches of society that will seriously disrupt human labor demand, war tactics, and civilization as a whole.

The researchers apparently want to help shape the discussion around disruptive machine advancement before crisis does it for them.  In other words, be proactive about the issue – start the conversation now and prepare society for the changes that are coming as best as possible.  In this regard I applaud the researchers, as this blog to some degree, and Singularity University specifically, are working toward this same goal.  To Markoff’s credit he mentions Singularity University as an emerging center for this debate, but sadly no mention of Singularity Hub.

Big changes are coming.  In fact that is the entire founding premise of this blog.  Our focus is more broad of course, documenting not only the daily advances in AI and robotics, but also the advances in genetics, brain engineering, medicine and other fields that are all converging to create a transformative future for mankind.

Machines have already made major inroads against a huge array human abilities and tasks.  Machines are largely making humans in the factory obsolete, as evidenced by the flexpicker and the kiva robots.  Robots are rapidly seeping into the worldwide war apparatus from many different angles, whether it be surveillance machines, armed drones, or advanced strategic planning bots.  From soccer, to surgery, to climbing, the list of robotic achievements goes on and on.  So what does the future hold for man and machine then?

Will machines ultimately match and then exceed human level intelligence?  I guarantee it!  Such a point in our future is called the singularity, and the real question is not if, but when and how it will happen.  Kurzweil and other singularity proponents will tell you that machines will match human intelligence in less than 30 years.  I think that is certainly possible, but it could also take much  longer.  At such a point it is impossible to tell what will happen, hence the reason it is called a singularity.

Up until the singularity though, the path is pretty clear.  Machines will continue to encroach upon more and more of man’s abilities.  They will expand in shape, form, and ability.  Some will be focused only on narrow tasks such as moving things or shooting things.  Others will have a more general purpose, able to perform many different tasks,  as in the case of a personal assistant than can help out around the house or workplace.

Even as the robots advance and expand in the coming years though, humans will do the same.  Currently machines and humans are largely separate beings, but in the coming years they will integrate more and more and the lines between the two will fade.  Man will become more machine-like, and machines will become more human-like.  Humans will upgrade their bodies with machine attachments that make them stronger (see the exoskeleton), better at information recall (yeah, that iphone is really an external brain enhancement), and healthier with machines that monitor and repair our health.  Not only will we enhance ourselves with machines, but now that we are unlocking the secrets to our biological workings, we will also be able to upgrade ourselves through biological means.

Unlike the simplistic man versus machine scenario that Terminator has emblazoned into the minds of the general public, the future of man and machine looks much more complicated.  Current and future wars will likely have man and machine on both sides, rather than having man on one side and  machine on the other side.  There will be good machines and bad machines, just like there are good people and bad people.  Adding to the mix will be things that are part man and part machine.


The Flexpicker...Stealing Your Factory Job!

I won’t claim to know the exact future of the man/machine evolution long term, but what about for the next ten years?  Now and during the next decade there are areas where it is clear machines have advantages over man, and others where humans have the advantage.  When it comes to strength, durability, recalling information, harsh environments, and repetitive unchanging tasks machines beat humans hands down.  When it comes to adaptability, situations where the environment or task is constantly changing, feelings, emotion, and good old fashioned human reasoning machines don’t have a chance.  This is where things stand now and most likely for the next decade, but after that all bets are off.  There are just so many amazing advances happening in so many fields that it is impossible to predict how they will play out.

If you are looking for job security in the future, the last jobs to go will be jobs that rely on human reason, creativity, and emotion.  These tasks are the hardest for machines to replicate.  Factory jobs and labor jobs will continue to be dominated more and more by machines, as these are the jobs where the advantages of machines such as speed and strength are most evident.

Big changes are coming.  Disruption is coming.  It is impossible to know how this will impact humanity, but we need to do everything we can to be as prepared as possible.  Corporate business plans, government policy, and regular individuals need to prepare.  But therein lies the focus of the researchers in the Markoff story, which also happens to be the central focus of Singularity University. Much good and also much bad can come from the advances in information technology that are ahead.  We need to do all we can to maximize the good and minimize the bad. Here at the Hub we are chronicling this future as it unfolds, so keep coming back.  No matter how you look at it, its going to be interesting.

Related Posts:

Michael Chorost - Cochlear Implants and World Wide Mind: The Coming Integration of Humans and Machines
The Autonomous Forklift
Vending Machines Take Finger Scans Instead of Cash
Check Out These Desktop Industrial Robots
Rodney Brooks, Co-Founder of iRobot, on to New Company


Tags: artificial intelligence, machines, robots, singularity