Official Websites Related To Chemtrail Program/Weather Modification

Author Topic: Official Websites Related To Chemtrail Program/Weather Modification  (Read 29127 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline lordssyndicate

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1,141
  • Stop The New World Order
    • LinkedIn Profile
WWW.Asp.Bnl.Gov


I will merely add to this post their mission statment from the front page.

(all formatting below is exactly as it would be seen on the page minus the forum quote box.)

Quote
Welcome to the ASP website!  


The Department of Energy's Atmospheric Science Program has as its long-term goal developing comprehensive understanding of the atmospheric processes that control the transport, transformation, and fate of energy related trace chemicals and particulate matter. The current focus of the program is aerosol radiative forcing of climate: aerosol formation and evolution and aerosol properties that affect direct and indirect influences on climate and climate change.
"Biotechnology it's not so bad. It's just like all technologies it's in the wrong HANDS!"- Sepultura

Offline xopatriot

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 692
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #1 on: February 04, 2009, 02:46:34 AM »
And talk about all the NWO symbols galore all over that thing.
Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me.

You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies. You anoint my head with oil;  my cup overflows.

Offline chrisfromchi

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 3,179
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #2 on: February 04, 2009, 03:02:55 AM »
Ya it pretty hardcore I'm showing this site to some naysayers tomorrow.

Offline planning4acrash

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1,550
    • Visit my blog
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #3 on: February 04, 2009, 03:59:40 AM »
Its just incredible how they hide things in plain view. Why isn't this all over the web!!

Offline HighSea

  • Member
  • ***
  • Posts: 234
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #4 on: February 09, 2009, 08:06:09 PM »
Thanks for the link, I'll add it to my blog.

wvoutlaw2002

  • Guest
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #5 on: February 09, 2009, 09:17:18 PM »
WWW.Asp.Bnl.Gov


I will merely add to this post their mission statment from the front page.

(all formatting below is exactly as it would be seen on the page minus the forum quote box.)



"You shouldn't believe everything you read on the internet. www.asp.bnl.gov is a well known conspiracy theory website."

;D

Offline infowarrior_039

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 789
  • explosions in the sky
    • Truth Archive
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #6 on: April 21, 2009, 01:36:03 AM »
Wow. Amazing, although it doesn't look like a completely official site it is a .gov domain. However, the charts and graphs they show are the same as in the NASA documents a few posts above.

Whois says this is from the Brookhaven National Laboratory, so it is a semi-govermental site. However, it is still pretty legitimate.

http://whois.domaintools.com/bnl.gov

Offline Erasmus2009

  • Member
  • *
  • Posts: 47
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #7 on: April 21, 2009, 02:50:57 AM »
What ever can be the goal of such reckless aerosol spraying? Clearly it leaves toxins which must effect all groundwater supplies, is carried by wind, enters our food supply. Wouldn't this be the suicide even for the perpetrators?

Dennis Kucinich introduced legislation listing chemtrails as exotic weapons

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c107:H.R.2977.IH:   (May have to put URL directly in address bar)
Keep an open mind till you find the truth, then shut it.

Orgetorix

  • Guest
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #8 on: April 21, 2009, 02:56:28 AM »
Nice emblem,


Look at all the planes, spray and see where it ends up,


Offline planning4acrash

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1,550
    • Visit my blog
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #9 on: April 21, 2009, 06:35:05 PM »
What ever can be the goal of such reckless aerosol spraying? Clearly it leaves toxins which must effect all groundwater supplies, is carried by wind, enters our food supply. Wouldn't this be the suicide even for the perpetrators?

Dennis Kucinich introduced legislation listing chemtrails as exotic weapons

http://thomas.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/z?c107:H.R.2977.IH:   (May have to put URL directly in address bar)



I wish Ron Paul would talk about chemtrails too, way to go Dennis.


Offline infowarrior_039

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 789
  • explosions in the sky
    • Truth Archive

Offline Cryptvill

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 654
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #11 on: December 18, 2009, 08:03:27 AM »
just amazing :|
Babylon-->Battycon-->Batikon-->Vatican

Offline infowarrior_039

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 789
  • explosions in the sky
    • Truth Archive
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #12 on: December 24, 2009, 05:14:44 AM »
yeah but read this on the PDF i LInked:

Quote
Aerosol and Microstructure Delivery

Battelle is a leader in aerosol delivery technology with potential future
applications in treating pulmonary diseases such as lung cancer and
asthma. This technology platform (Battelle’s newest platform) will help
facilitate future advances in drug delivery and tissue repair.

The Aerosol and Microstructure Delivery platform is using electrohydrodynamics
to form aerosol droplets or fibers that deliver
active ingredients to specified targets. The technology involves
applying an electrical charge to bulk solutions to form a fine, controllable
jet that breaks up into aerosol droplets or fibers of
defined and uniform size.



Offline infowarrior_039

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 789
  • explosions in the sky
    • Truth Archive
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #13 on: December 24, 2009, 05:43:28 AM »
I think what Batelle is saying is quite clear. THEY ARE SPRAYING US WITH SH*T. good lord more qoutes from Battele:

http://www.battelle.org/solutions/default.aspx?Nav_Area=Tech&Nav_SectionID=5&Nav_CatID=5_AerosolEngineering

Quote
Aerosol Engineering

Battelle’s aerosol engineering expertise delivers solutions in CBW detection and characterization, aerosol testing, transport modeling, filter evaluation, spray technology, and aerosol generation.

OUR APPROACH

For over two decades, Battelle has applied aerosol science and engineering expertise to provide innovative solutions for Government and industry needs. A group of over 100 scientists and engineers are dedicated to the study of aerosol science and related disciplines, including the areas of aerobiology, chemical droplets, or vapors.

Core competencies in aerosol engineering include:

    * Aerosol test facility design – Battelle has developed and characterized aerosol test facilities from laboratory scale to large ambient breeze tunnels.

    * Aerosol characterization – Battelle maintains and operates specialized aerosol instrumentation used for characterization of particle concentration, size distribution, and dynamics.  Battelle also applies these and other techniques to the characterization of bioaerosols, powders, and droplets.

    * Aerosol collector development and evaluation – Battelle designs, develops, and characterizes aerosol collection devices used for reference sampling or for application to bioaerosol or chemical cloud sampling systems.

    * Aerosol transport modeling – Battelle has modeled particle and vapor transport in the atmosphere and in buildings, allowing for the estimation of hazards associated with such releases should the materials be harmful.

    * Spray technology/aerosol generation – Battelle has characterized and utilized a variety of aerosol generation devices and nozzles.
    * Filter test and evaluation – Battelle has tested and evaluated a variety of filtration technologies including electrostatic and conventional filters.


Specialized Equipment:

    * Specialized Test Facilities:
          o Ambient Breeze Tunnel (ABT)
          o Aerosol Research and Component Assessment (ARCA) chamber
          o High Volume Aerosol Delivery System (HVADS)
    * Particle Measurement Devices:
          o TSI Aerodynamic Particle Sizer (APS)
          o TSI Aerosizer
          o PMS Aerosol Spectrometer
          o Malvern Mastersizer
          o TSI Condensation Nucleus Counter Model 3020 (CNC)
          o TSI DustTrak Aerosol Monitor, Model 8520\
          o Dantek Phase Doppler Anemometer (PDA)  
    * Particle Generation Devices:
          o BGI Collison Nebulizers
          o Vilnius Dry Aerosol Generator
          o Sonotek ultrasonic nozzle
          o Ink Jet Aerosol Generator
          o Vibrating Orifice Aerosol Generator


Quote
Standoff Ambient Breeze Tunnel: Best of Both Aerosol Test Worlds

CHALLENGE

In an asymmetric military environment where the United States and its allies enjoy overwhelming technological superiority, the possibility that opposition forces will use such non-traditional weapons as biological agents in an attempt to "level the battlefield" is very real. To counter that threat, the Defense Department's Joint Biological Standoff Detection System (JBSDS) program is researching and testing LIght Detection And Ranging (LIDAR) technologies to detect and identify aerosol-borne biological agents from a distance in much the same way radar tracks airplanes or sonar detects the presence of submarines. However, conducting field tests to accurately calibrate LIDAR systems is a big and potentially expensive challenge because variable weather conditions can make it very difficult to achieve good measurements and provide a statistically relevant number of tests in a reasonable time frame.


SOLUTION

 
A team of Battelle scientists solved this problem by creating the Standoff Ambient Breeze Tunnel. This device is a very long structure constructed from arches made from metal tubes covered by a polyvinyl tarp. It uses a large suction blower at the middle of the tunnel to draw in ambient air. Both ends of the tunnel are open. As substances used to simulate biological agents are mixed with the incoming air at known concentration levels and rates, a LIDAR beam is projected from a specified distance down the length of the tunnel, enabling technicians to effectively test the standoff detection systems.
 

BENEFITS

The Standoff Ambient Breeze Tunnel combines the best aspects of a controlled test environment with the reality of a field test. By sustaining an aerosol cloud at known concentration levels for as long as necessary in an open environment, the Standoff Ambient Breeze Tunnel provides increased reliability in a setting that also realistically simulates actual field conditions. At the same time, it cuts costs by permitting tests to be run despite adverse weather, and it allows tests to be replicated, thereby permitting a higher level of confidence in their outcomes


UHH and chemtrials are not real....... good lord.


Offline Anon-PatriotUSA

  • Member
  • **
  • Posts: 70
  • "Knowledge is only potential power" -Napoleon Hill
    • Anonymous Patriot USA's Citizen's Awareness Guide
Re: The offical govenrment website for the Chemtrail Program! Serriously!
« Reply #15 on: December 29, 2009, 08:45:44 PM »
As people who follow my posts know, I am somebody who 'believes' that the Western military industrial complex and its' many satellites and subsidiaries DO have more than a passive interest in fulfilling the criterion which enables their 'command & control' system HAARP to operate at maximum potential.

Meaning, I would bet on the government dispersing barium into the atmosphere as described in the patent for the man who created HAARP in its current form, Bernard Eastland. Read this particular patent here: http://www.patentstorm.us/patents/4686605/fulltext.html
"It has also been proposed to release large clouds of barium in the magnetosphere so that photoionization will increase the cold plasma density, thereby producing electron precipitation through enhanced whistler-mode interactions."


If you want a short video on the potential functions of HAARP, watch these:

FREQUENCIES OF DESTRUCTION 1 : http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fxRnkfvO_EU

FREQUENCIES OF DESTRUCTION 2: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QWTWTHunPkk

I recommend to EVERYBODY to watch the complete 15 parts of 'CHEMA-KILL 2.0' to see how 'CHEMTRAILS' dovetail perfectly into the HAARP program, and many other things as well.

Find it all here:

http://unhypnotize.com/chemtrails-project-cloverleaf/6264-chema-kill-movie-extended-version-2-0-1-15-a.html

That said, I wanted to re-post this very thorough 'anti-chemtrail' argument made by an individual on the 'Contrail Science' website.
The person makes some good points, and they need to be accounted for.

FROM CONTRAIL SCIENCE:

"boenoid

For what it is worth, I am a Boeing engineer with 20 years of experience in the aerospace industry.

* There are no special tanks anywhere on our airplanes to hold chemicals to be sprayed out.
* There are no spray nozzles on the airplanes either, unless you count the emergency fuel dump nozzles on the widebody jets.
* This can be readily ascertained by simply looking through an airplane before the interior wall panels are installed. Here is a list of all the tanks which are on a jetliner:
** Fuel, potable water, waste water, engine fire suppressant (Halon + other stuff), cargo fire suppressant (just Halon), hydraulic reservoirs. On the new airplanes you will also see tank-like devices which generate nitrogen to inert the fuel tanks.
* Further, there is no room for such stuff to get installed. You would have to carry TONS of liquid to make spray trails independent of the exhaust condensation, and the only liquid we carry tons of is Jet-A fuel.
* In Everett Washington, the Seattle flight museum has a restoration center where you can go see dismantled airplanes being readied for display in the museum. The work is done almost entirely by volunteers. I assume other flight museums have similar workshops. If you can find one where you live, go to the restoration center and see the planes up close. There’s no where to hide a sprayer system where it wouldn’t be seen by maintenance crews.

* The Boeing final assembly plant is open for tours by the public, and VIPs from all over the world can get close-up tours. The airplanes are built in a staggered sequence, so that two airplanes side-by-side are usually being made for two different airlines.
* The majority of Boeing’s production is sold overseas. In fact, the company is the nation’s largest exporter.
* Thus, if a domestic airplane was modified for “chemtrail production” in the factory, it would be as easy as pie for a foreign VIP to walk over and say, “What are these fancy tanks and sprayers on the American plane which aren’t on my airplane?”
* If any airplane WAS modified for chemtrail to add chemtrail sprayers, the thousands of Boeing employees would have to know. I don’t work in Fuels, and I can identify every tank and tube in the wing area.
* If thousands of Boeing employees knew, then so would thousands of supplier employees who go through our factories, thousands of airlines employees who go through our factories, and all the FAA and NTSB and DOT people as well. Also, our airplanes and factories are inspected by the Aviation Authorities of foreign countries (like EASA from Europe) and they would also need to be in on the conspiracy.
* There would simply be too many people involved to prevent this from leaking out. If the chem trail sprayers were being added in the factory, the secret would be out.

* So what if the chemtrail sprayers were being added by an aftermarket shop?
* You’re back to the same problem. It takes hundreds of people to design, build, and install a major modification on a jetliner, and the mod shops are just as open as Boeing is. You wouldn’t be able to keep the secret.
* Further, most airlines have their planes maintained by outside suppliers, who would have to be in on the conspiracy. Those who do their own maintenance do the work in open bays that again would make it easy to view the modification.
* And you have the same problem that you need to get thousands of maintenance people, suppliers, and certification authorities in on the conspiracy. It would have leaked by now. All it takes is one guy with a cell phone camera, and the world would know.

* So what if they somehow managed to do all this stuff anyway? Now you have to realize that somebody, somewhere, has to be pumping TONS of chemtrail chemicals into these mysterious hidden tanks on the airplanes. You would need a fill valve, and a distribution system, and special trucks carrying the chemicals disguised as fuel trucks. That would take thousands more people to be in on the conspiracy.
* One giveaway would be two fuel trucks pulling up to the same jetliner – one with the fuel and one with the chemicals. Remember, we’re talking about tons of liquid here.
* It just doesn’t work – you would need independent chemical fill ports, and somebody, somewhere, would notice.
* And while we’re talking about it, remember that every jetliner pilot has to check the weight of the plane and calculate a talk off runway length and other factors. The charts are the same for every jetliner of a given type, but if there really were chemtrail sprayers, then the charts for those airplanes would have to be different to account for the tons of chemicals that might be on the airplane.

* So, I really don’t think there is any way to hide the sprayers on jetliners. Too many people would have to know, and it would be too easy to detect by passerby.

* So, what if the chemtrail chemicals are in the jet fuel? This wouldn’t require ANY visible modifications to the airplanes, and far fewer people would have to know about the conspiracy.
* This would be harder to refute, BUT, you would have to discard the “on and off” contrails as being caused by pilots turning sprayers on and off. All the fuel on the plane came from the same fuel trucks and the same fuel tanks, so the supposed chemtrail would have to be continuous from takeoff until landing. I think that would have been noticed by now.

* So to my mind, that pretty much eliminates the possibility of using jetliners to create chemtrails.
* Which means you have to be using military jets, and thousands of them, flying unnoticed back and forth on normal commercial routes. So now you have to have all the air traffic controllers in on the conspiracy as well.
* And the planes will again need special tanks for the chemicals, and special fill ports, and special sprayers, and special tanker trucks filling the chemical tanks on the planes, special non-military suppliers delivering the stuff, and you’re right back to the same issue of needing to keep thousands of people from talking.

Bottom line:
You would need a special delivery system on the airplanes.
You would need a special fill system.
You would need independent tanker trucks.
You would need a separate supply chain.
You would need thousands and thousands of people to hold their tongues, and never have even ONE person leave any incriminating evidence in a safe deposit box to be discovered after their deaths.

It ain’t happening."

-
http://contrailscience.com/wwii-contrails/


I propose, that even if 99% of 'persistent contrails' are completely normal, & there are only 1% that corresponds to a 'conspiratorial' agenda then it needs to be flushed out all the same.

It's too powerful to ignore, considering the other types of evidence present, empirical and circumstantial.

Stay Sovereign America!

Offline Freeski

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 20,706
Translation? :o

"It has also been proposed to release large clouds of barium in the magnetosphere so that photoionization will increase the cold plasma density, thereby producing electron precipitation through enhanced whistler-mode interactions."
"He who passively accepts evil is as much involved in it as he who helps to perpetrate it. He who accepts evil without protesting against it is really cooperating with it." Martin Luther King, Jr.

Offline ghost hacked

  • Member
  • ****
  • Posts: 495
  • Watching you watching me!
    • o.h.m.
Re: The Offical Govenrment Website For the Chemtrail Program
« Reply #17 on: November 24, 2010, 05:55:13 PM »
YIKES !!!!  Wow, reading through this stuff now and well, it's right there. If this is a legit government website representing a legit government operation, then holy hell we are in a lot of trouble.

Quote
"The influence of aerosols on climate is not yet adequately taken into account in our computer predictions of climate," said Mian Chin, report coordinating lead author. "An improved representation of aerosols in climate models is essential to more accurately predict the climate changes."

So they don't know enough about how it affects climate, knowing what we already throw into the air through our way of life and burning fossile fuels already suposedly alters the climate, so they want to throw MORE of this shit in the air to see what the effects are?

I've been trying to make people aware of this, and some are listening. Keep talking about it and people will start to get it.

Thanks for posting that website !!!
'We play the game with the bravery of being out of range.' - Roger Waters

Offline planning4acrash

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 1,550
    • Visit my blog
Re: The Offical Govenrment Website For the Chemtrail Program
« Reply #18 on: November 28, 2010, 02:28:13 PM »
What a joke, that they were trying to ban aerosols used in the home during the 1980's, when they were planning to have huge hair spray machines spraying the sky 24/7 !!

Offline bright_future_technology

  • Member
  • *
  • Posts: 1
Re: The Offical Govenrment Website For the Chemtrail Program
« Reply #19 on: December 16, 2010, 11:39:49 PM »
thank you so much for posting this website. :D

Offline philip

  • Member
  • *
  • Posts: 42
Re: The Offical Govenrment Website For the Chemtrail Program
« Reply #20 on: January 05, 2011, 04:05:59 PM »
Fake webite or disinfo website?  And as for the airplanes- if they aren't equipped with special equipment to spray then why is visibility never more than 10 miles in the last two years or so?

Perhaps the aluminum particles are being mixed into the fuel and these particles are being absorbed into life forms and then HARRP blasts us with some electro radiation to keep people stupid and passive until the ultimate purpose of depopulation has occurred.
Adding up the increments

Offline phasma

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 7,197
  • Have a H.A.A.R.P.Y DAY !
Re: The Offical Govenrment Website For the Chemtrail Program
« Reply #21 on: January 05, 2011, 05:14:54 PM »
GUYS GUYS!

COME ON NOW YOU KNOW THAT ITS JUST WATER VAPOUR ! NOTHING TO SEE HERE, HAVE A KOOLAID AND COOL DOWN !

: S

Wouldnt you think some one would fess up? do they have no conscience? family?

Things are not what they appear to be: nor are they otherwise - Surangama Sutra

Offline criticalunity

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 582
  • Working 20/7 to put the proof together!
    • Clarifying Conspiracy Realities For Humanity & Liberty
Re: The Offical Govenrment Website For the Chemtrail Program
« Reply #22 on: August 20, 2011, 07:18:40 PM »
Maybe the pilots are thinking they are doing good...

- Either by ridding the planet of people (that they don't like because they are made to be unhappy by social conditioning, or
- To stop the evil global warming that they have not had the opportunity to fully research to realize it is a major SCAM.

Offline lukeskywatcha

  • Member
  • *
  • Posts: 2
  • Fact is Stranger than Fiction
    • Secret UFO
Re: The Offical Govenrment Website For the Chemtrail Program
« Reply #23 on: August 25, 2011, 02:44:26 PM »
Wow! Thanks for posting, ive been looking for this site for ages! And in response to others, if they havent got special planes then why are they often invisible? I'll post a video to show what i mean!
Fact is Stranger than Fiction http://secret-ufo.com/

Offline decemberfellow

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 5,069
Re: The Offical Govenrment Website For the Chemtrail Program
« Reply #24 on: August 25, 2011, 03:44:54 PM »
BUMP
Rev21:4
And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.


Who am I
 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v7Fk6dt_uHo

Offline attietewd

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 2,667
Re: The Offical Govenrment Website For the Chemtrail Program
« Reply #25 on: August 25, 2011, 03:50:51 PM »
when you stop to think how many planes there are flying all over the world doing this to the skies...massive amount of planes...who is paying for all of it?  I don't just mean in the US, but all over the world...who is paying for it?  Where does the stuff come from they load the planes with?  I wish someone would do a report on it?  Follow a plane from beginning to end, follow the money.

I finally got my answer:  Check out the web link:

Quote
The instrumentation that is being acquired with moneys made available under the Recovery Act:  http://www.arm.gov/about/recovery-act/instruments   was presented. Determining how to best use this instrumentation within available resources for deployment will be a challenge. Especially pertinent are aerosol and aerosol-related measurements to be made at ACRF sites and with the ARM Mobile Facilities. A session on Friday morning focused on ongoing and future field projects and future deployments of the ARM Mobile Facility and Aircraft Facility.




Quote
The Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Climate Research Facility is a U.S. Department of Energy scientific user facility for the study of global climate change by the national and international research community.


Quote
Welcome to the Matrix

Overhaul of Data System Status Viewer Hits Bull’s-eye

 
This partial window of DSView shows filtering options for various ARM sites on the left. The bull's-eye can be dragged to any spot in the matrix to highlight a specific site/instrument. For the full display, see the DSView web page.

 How do you display the operational status of nearly 200 instruments at multiple sites around the world on a single web page? In late June, ARM implemented a major system overhaul of the Data System Status Viewer, or DSView—the interactive database providing operational status information for every instrument at ARM’s permanent sites. Now running with Adobe®Flash® software, the complex grid is surprisingly easy to navigate. Using a “bulls-eye” to guide the viewer to the desired instrument and site, the new display also includes:
a filterable status grid showing the current status of all data system processes
a filterable set of visual timelines indicating the history of status changes over time
the ability to export status reports to Excel format
the ability to browse processing logs.



This is an excellent cite for info thank you so much for posting your article! http://www.asp.bnl.gov/ 

“Thus, condemnation will never come to those who are in Christ Jesus…”

Offline KiwiClare

  • Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 3,984
  • Either you're with us or with the terrorists
    • Northland New Zealand Chemtrails Watch
To be persuasive, we must be believable,
To be believable, we must be credible,
To be credible, we must be truthful.
- Edward R. Murrow