Author Topic: More evidence that China is a manufactured threat to the US: PRESCOTT BUSH II  (Read 2440 times)

Offline Dig

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Another Nazi/Commie piece of treasonous pond scum Skull and Bones hater of the US constitution EXPOSED post-mortem!



Prescott Sheldon Bush, Jr. (1922-2010)
http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Prescott_Sheldon_Bush,_Jr.


Prescott Sheldon Bush, Jr., is brother to former U.S. President George Herbert Walker Bush.
Advisory Committee, AmeriCares (at least in 2004)

From http://www.telecomplus.com.cn/englishversion/Profile.htm in Hong Kong

Profile of Mr. Prescott S. Bush, Jr.

"Prescott S. Bush, Jr. was educated at Phillips Academy, Andover and Yale University. He holds an honorary doctorate in law from Piedmont College. Prior to founding Prescott Bush Resources, Ltd. in 1985 as a business development consulting firm in Greenwich, CT, Mr. Bush had spent 9 years with Pan American World Airways and then 33 years with Johnson & Higgins, international insurance brokers, from which he retired as a Senior Vice President and Director in 1984.

"Mr. Bush has been engaged in business projects with China since 1983 and has advised such companies as Anheuser-Busch and ADM concerning their business development in China. He worked closely with Chinese conglomerates such as Cereal Oil Food Import/Export Corporation and Norinco. He is also a consultant for Wanxiang America. He has many friends in China. With Chinese and Japanese joint venturers, he developed the Shanghai International Golf and Country Club in Shanghai, China of which he is Vice Chairman. He is Chairman of the Advisory Board of Global Access, Incorporated, member of the International Advisory Board of the Culture and Civilization of China, member of the Advisory Committee of AmeriCares (international relief organization), director of Citizens Democracy Corps and of United Equity Holdings.

"Mr. Bush is a founding member of the U.S.-China Chamber of Commerce and Chairman of its Board of Directors. From 1989 through 1992, Mr. Bush was a member of the U.S. delegation on the U.S.-Hong Kong Economic Cooperation Committee. In addition to his work in China, Mr. Bush has done consulting work for Johnson & Higgins and for several Brazilian companies. He visits China 2-4 times a year."

See http://www.americares.org for organizational structure of AmeriCares.

- Prescott is a Trustee for his brother's (George Herbert Walker Bush) Presidential Library.
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

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The Bush family: Middle Kingdom rainmakers
http://www.atimes.com/atimes/China/FE21Ad01.html
By Zach Coleman

HONG KONG - George Herbert Walker Bush arrived in Beijing 30 years ago as the official United States representative to China with one goal above all else: expanding his buddy list.

"My hyper-adrenaline, political instincts tell me that the fun of this job is going to be to try to make more contacts," he wrote in his first diary entry. "And it is my hope that I will be able to meet the next generation of China's leaders - whomever they may be. Yet everyone tells me that that is impossible."

Bush Sr, already a champion networker, wasn't to be denied. In a final triumph at the end of his stay, Deng Xiaoping, then vice premier, threw a farewell lunch for Bush Sr and his wife.

"You are our old friends," said Deng, according to a Chinese government website. "You are welcome to come back anytime in the future."

Bush Sr and his relatives have turned that open invitation into a family franchise over the years, setting themselves up as gatekeepers between lucrative business opportunities created by the opening up of China's economy and the US corporate and political establishment. If Iraq is the place where the Bush men fight once they leave the oil fields of Texas, China is where they have made money.

China policy has been a hot-button issue in US presidential campaigns for more than half a century. This time around, many politicians are linking US job losses to the country's exploding trade deficit with China, leaving the family trade in promoting US-China commerce with the potential to embarrass President George W Bush in his 2004 re-election drive.

Bush Sr and his brother Prescott both lowered their profile in the family business last year. Yet the Bushes' business suddenly hit the headlines again in November, when documents and testimony from the divorce trial of the president's brother Neil showed that he had signed a contract to receive US$400,000 a year from Grace Semiconductor Manufacturing, a Chinese company co-founded by a son of former president Jiang Zemin, in return for business information and advice. Fair enough, but Neil Bush has no background in technology. His brother's administration, however, is leaning on Beijing to reduce tax discrimination against imported semiconductors.

There is no evidence that Chinese companies or officials have influenced US policy under Bush Jr by playing up to his relatives. Indeed, last May, Bush Jr penalized China North Industries (Norinco), a company with which Prescott once worked, by halting Norinco's $150 million annual export trade with the US for two years, after concluding that the company had shipped missile technologies to Iran.

Yet Chinese companies and officials continue to hold Bush family members in special regard.

Last month, the government Xinhua News Agency reported discussions that took place between President Hu Jintao and Bush Sr in Hainan Island province during the Boao Forum for Asia about "issues of common concern". Hu delivered the barely veiled message that the US needed to be more sensitive to China's position on Taiwan's independence in order to get more cooperation on the US priorities of trade and terrorism. Bush Sr replied, according to Xinhua, that Bush Jr "highly valued the important role that China has made in the efforts for peaceful solution to the nuclear issue on the Korean peninsula".

US companies also still see the Bushes as Middle Kingdom rainmakers. In December, Bush Jr invited a business group founded by Prescott to send 50 members to a reception on the White House lawn for visiting Premier Wen Jiabao. And a group of bankers and financiers travelled from the US with Bush Sr last month to an environmental protection conference in Shanghai that featured top officials from the standing committee of the National People's Congress and other government bodies, according to the Shanghai Star.

It all makes for a lucrative niche. There are no publicly disclosed figures on how much the family has made overall in the last three decades as China brokers. But the deals continue to add up.

Prescott Bush Jr:
Prescott Bush only made his first visit to China after his brother Bush Sr had moved into the White House as vice president in 1981. He quickly became a regular, leaving behind his 33-year career in the insurance brokerage business in preference for Chinese deal making. A 30 percent stake in one early project, an $18 million golf club in Shanghai, gave Prescott the opportunity to strike up a friendship with then-mayor Jiang Zemin (who now heads the communist party's powerful standing committee of Central Military Commission).

Now 81, Prescott Bush still travels to China two to four times a year, according to the website of Plus Holdings, a Hong Kong-listed company focused on China, which hired Prescott as a special adviser three months after Bush Jr's inauguration. The website features Prescott's picture at the top of its home page. "He has many friends in China," the site says in its biography of the special Bush family adviser.

Prescott Bush Resources, his consulting company, has put together more than 30 joint ventures in China since 1978, according to the website of Global Access, a US consulting company active in China, which retains Prescott as chairman of its advisory board. "Mr [Prescott] Bush has also facilitated meetings and approvals at the highest levels of the Chinese government," the site adds in its biography.

"I don't get a lot of business because my nephew is president or my brother was president," Prescott insisted in an interview with USA Today in 2002, though he admitted, "You can meet a lot of people because of it."

Prescott capitalized explicitly on the family tie-in by forming the US-China Chamber of Commerce in 1993 after serving on its predecessor, the Hong Kong-US Business Council, during his brother's presidency.

"My brother, George, has been instrumental in the development of US and China relations since 1974," he wrote in his letter to prospective members. The chamber pitches itself as a networking hub, which "provides the business communities in both countries with direct access to leading business people and government officials who are important in their business development efforts".

Members of the chamber's "Chairman's Circle" include US agribusiness giant Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) and Wanxiang America, whose parent company markets products made in China to US customers. ADM and Wanxiang are also among the China clients listed on Prescott's corporate biographies, which also typically mention Norinco, Anheuser-Busch and China National Cereals, Oils & Foodstuffs Import & Export Corp (Cofco).

In an e-mail reply to the Weekend Standard, Prescott said his work with Norinco consisted of trying to help the company secure the assistance of a US automotive manufacturer to set up a truck factory. "It was dropped because of lack of financing," he said. "My relationship with Norinco was finished long before 2000."

Norinco has operated under a cloud of suspicion in the US for years because of its links to the Chinese military and a case involving the smuggling of thousands of Norinco AK-47 assault rifles into the US in 1996. The Bush Jr administration last month slapped new sanctions on Norinco for its Iranian activities, which involved shipping missile technologies to Iran.

By contrast, as president, Bush Sr granted a "national interest" waiver to allow a deal to proceed for shipping $300 million of Hughes Aircraft satellite equipment to China in December 1989, overriding sanctions imposed by Congress a month before in response to the Tiananmen Square incident - regarded as a massacre of peaceful demonstrators by most observers. Prescott had visited China just before his brother that February and returned weeks after the Tiananmen violence for talks with officials on several deals, including one for a US company pitching a satellite communications network that would utilize the Hughes equipment.

"We aren't a bunch of carrion birds coming to pick the carcass," Prescott told the Wall Street Journal at the time. "But there are big opportunities in China, and America can't afford to be shut out."

Then in April 2001, Prescott flew to Beijing hours after news broke of a collision between a US spy plane and a Chinese fighter jet off Hainan Island. He was an an invited passenger on United Airlines' first Chicago-Beijing flight, and stayed on in the country well after the other passengers had returned home.

He told USA Today a year later that he didn't get involved in the settlement that resolved the high-tension spy plan crisis during his stay. Certainly he had business to do.

Since Bush Jr's election, Prescott's China clients have closed a flurry of deals, including some with each other. Anheuser-Busch signed a deal in 2002 to ramp up its stake in Tsingtao Brewery and this month announced a HK$1.1 billion ($141 million) investment in Harbin Brewery. With Prescott Bush's help, ADM opened and expanded a slew of joint-venture factories - including some with fellow client Cofco - to become China's largest oilseed processor. In January, Wanxiang America took a stake in Sageworks, a US financial software company that appointed Prescott to its board of advisers in 2002, and took up Chinese distribution of its products.

Prescott himself, though, has kept a low public profile of late. He says he resigned the chairmanship of the US-China Chamber in April 2003 because "it was time to let younger people take over".

Neil Bush
As a member of the younger Bush generation, Neil only entered the China trade 10 years ago, setting up Interlink Management Corp as a matchmaker between US and Asian firms, especially the Charoen Pokphand Group of Thailand, a conglomerate controlled by a Sino-Thai businessman. Through Interlink, Neil helped CP Group form a joint venture with Koll Real Estate for a $300 million mall in Shanghai and a joint venture with Beaulieu of America to sell carpet in China.

George Herbert Walker Bush
Since his presidency, Bush Sr has stayed out of the undignified business of actual deal making. Instead, he has been collecting hefty fees from US companies to be their icebreaker.

It's easy money. Companies pay Bush Sr $125,000-$150,000, plus first-class expenses for three, and must fly him over by private jet, according to his representative, Brooks International Speakers & Entertainment Bureau. In return, Bush gives a speech at a banquet or conference. His presence alone usually draws dutiful attendance by top Chinese officials, who are then chatted up by sponsors.

Companies that have hired Bush Sr to talk in China have included the CP Group, Arco, the Chubb Group, IMC Global and the Carlyle Group. Carlyle, a US investment firm, appreciated Bush Sr's 1998 China trip on its behalf so much it made him a senior adviser to its Asia advisory board the next year, a position he resigned from last October.

"If you're unknown in China and trying to get known, and you're trying to get a license there, having a former president at a reception might get people to come who might not come otherwise," a Chubb official told the Los Angeles Times. "We get to rub shoulders with them and get to know them better."

Chubb got its insurance license a year after Bush Sr's visit. Similarly, IMC closed a deal to sell fertilizer to a Chinese government agency two months after Bush Sr's talk at its Beijing conference.

With his son in office, Bush Sr's recent trips have more often been sponsored by Chinese government organizations. Last month's Shanghai conference was co-sponsored by the Association for International Understanding of China, the China United Nations Association and the US-China Foundation. The sponsors threw a birthday party for Bush Sr, who will turn 80 next month. The subsequent stop in Hainan Island, where Bush Sr met with President Jintao, came under the banner of the annual Boao Forum.

In 2002, the northern city of Tianjin, together with Business Week magazine, hired Bush Sr to headline a conference in the city. The Chinese People's Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries, an affiliate of the Foreign Ministry, picked up the tab for trips that year to Shanghai and Beijing and last October to Beijing. The association also co-sponsored a conference at Texas A&M University in November together with the university, its George Bush School of Government and Public Service and the George Bush Presidential Library Foundation that featured a who's who of past and present officials, such as former vice premier Qian Qichen, Secretary of State Colin Powell and Henry Kissinger. The Bush Foundation lists the Chinese government as a $50,000- $100,000 contributor in the lobby of the presidential library.

Regardless of who's picking up the tab, a visit by Bush Sr to China is usually an occasion to call on Jiang Zemin and, since his official retirement, his successors. On his October trip, his hosts hustled Bush Sr to separate sessions with Jiang, President Hu and Premier Wen. Bush Sr also met up with Jiang on Jiang's visits to Texas in 2002 and 2003.

Although he has not held a government post in 11 years and has been collecting fees for promoting China trade in the meantime, Bush Sr often speaks up on current US-China relations both at and away from his meetings. In 2000, he weighed in strongly in favor of US legislation that set the stage for China's entry to the World Trade Organization. A year later, with his son in office, he praised China's support for Bush Jr's anti-terrorism drive as "a rather courageous stand". In October, he told Hu that, in the words of Xinhua, "The US side understood China's concerns over the Taiwan issue."

Jiang Zemin made clear to a Washington Post editor two months after Bush Jr's inauguration what he expected from Bush Sr. "The father of President Bush, Bush Sr, came over to China many, many times and had many meetings with me in the seat you are now occupying," Jiang said. "We believe Bush Sr will definitely push Bush Jr to bring US-China relations to a new level."

George W Bush
Bush Jr arrived in China for a six-week visit on June 4, 1975, after finishing Harvard Business School and stayed through his 29th birthday. His father commented in his diary that his son was impressed by China's universal health-care system after getting his tooth fixed for 60 cents - US.

As president, Bush Jr hasn't asked China for help in fixing the US health-care system, but he has drastically changed his policy toward China since the early months of his presidency. In those days, his administration focused on China as a strategic threat and the president had expressed unqualified support for Taiwan, even referring to it directly as a country. Relations reached a low point with the standoff over the return of the US spy plane and crew involved in the Hainan collision.

Bush Sr has sidestepped questions on how much he's talked to his son about China during his presidency. Outside the family, Bush Jr counts among his biggest campaign donors two businessmen deeply invested in China, Hank Greenberg of AIG and Sam Fox of the low-profile Harbour Group.

Certainly the Bush Jr administration's views on China have been affected by the need for Beijing's acquiescence to US actions in Iraq, Afghanistan and North Korea, countries that soared ahead of China as priorities after the September 11, 2001, terrorist strikes.

"He is able," Bush Sr recorded in his diary when his son left town in 1975. "If he gets his teeth into something semi-permanent or permanent, he will do just fine."
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

Offline Dig

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Wal-Mart And The Red Chinese Secret Police - Part 4 Pumping Up The Stock Market
http://www.rense.com/general28/skolpmp.htm
By Sherman H. Skolnick  skolnick@ameritech.net skolnicksreport.com 8-15-2


The American stock market goes down. And then, suddenly, it jumps way up big! What is happening? Only temporarily? Hey, remember. This IS a bear market. Some attribute these doings to "computer program-trading". That is, stock buying electronically. The difference is when the buying is mysterious in big amounts. To try to understand this, here are some things you need to know.                                     
 
Wal-Mart, through relying heavily on cheap if not slave labor from Red China, has become the largest corporation in the world. When they did not advertise much on the television, the tv pundits occasionally would criticize them, just a little, not too much.                         
 
At the same time, not adequately publicized in the monopoly press, is the growing number of class action law suits pending against Wal-Mart, or in the process of being pending, in various parts of the United States. Such as, claims that Wal-Mart forces, which they deny, some of their workers to do straighten-out-the-store and do clean-up work, after the end of the workers' shift, without paying for the extra hours and/or required over-time. If proved in Court, these charges could amount to damages against Wal-Mart of hundreds of millions if not billions of dollars. Because of the recession that some contended did not exist, if it somehow is over with, the GOP is worried about the year 2002 Congressional Election. Ignored, of course, is the growing vast lay-offs and the looming real estate bust. If Democrats became the majority in the House of Representatives, they might even consider impeachment charges against the White House occupant and resident, George W. Bush, for cranking up a war against Iraq without the legal provisions of the U.S. Constitution. [Will the Election be conducted "just in the usual way" or not? We shall see.]                     
 
Like President Herbert Hoover, Bush Jr. mouths off words he ought to know are false. Stating, that the United States economy and business are on a "safe and sound basis", or similar terms right out of 1930-31, remembered only by old-timers.               
 
How to create an illusion that all is well. that a renewed prosperity is "just around the corner"? Well, temporarily, pump up the Dow Jones 30 Industrials, as a false psychological barometer of business.                   
 
And how do you do that? Simple. As just a book entry, tens of billions of dollars owed through Wal-Mart, to Red China, are temporarily diverted into Wall Street, with the unseen aid of the Red Chinese Secret Police. On a much smaller scale, but important to that era, similar tricks were done to keep the suckers in place in 1929. [As background, to the illusion created in 1929 by J.P. Morgan & Co., and their rotten devices, read "The Great Crash-1929", by J. Kenneth Galbraith.]                                     
 
Some of the reportedly corrupt and bloody deals between Wal-Mart and Red China, and their Secret Police, have been arranged by Prescott S. Bush, Jr., uncle of George W. Bush. Prescott is the brother of Daddy Bush. Prescott has been the head of the United States of America-China Chamber of Commerce, 55 W. Monroe St., Suite 630, Chicago IL 60603. (312) 368-0430 or (312) 368-9022. FAX (312) 368-0418. E-Mail: <mailto:info@uscc.org>info@uscc.org  [And according to published accounts, Prescott has had similar dirty deals with the Japanese mafia, the Yakuza. Put in his name in a good search engine.]                               
 
Three or more vast, worldwide brokerage/banks are reportedly implicated in this illusion of pumping up the American stock market temporarily with the Wal-Mart-Red Chinese hocus-pocus book entries, including J.P. Morgan Chase (a merger with Rockefeller-owned Chase Manhattan Bank holding firm), Merrill Lynch, and Bear Stearns. And note, J.P. Morgan as an empire, began with being built on the treasonous goings on all the way back to the American Civil War. Morgan sold to the U.S. Army many thousands of knowingly defective rifles, weapons that more often killed the user or blew off their thumbs. [See, "The History of the Great American Fortunes" by Gustavus Myers.] Morgan, as the purchasing agent for the British Monarchy, arranged to fraudulently drag the U.S. into Europe's World War One.                           
 
These brokerages/banks get away with this. For example, the Federal authorities have been unlawfully sucking hundreds of billions of dollars from the Social Security and Medicare Trust Funds, to prevent Morgan from going bankrupt. Morgan has 24 trillion dollars mostly in gold derivatives at a time when the markets went against them. Morgan's purpose has been to try to knock down the upward movement of gold.                               
 
Merrill Lynch is facing possible bankruptycy from a tidal wave of about to be pending class action suits against them. charging them with giving false information to clients to cover up about-to-be bankrupt companies tied to Merrill's fee-gathering. Bear Stearns has been reportedly facing exposure on their role in Middle East dirty, bloody business. Hey, do not heckle us with loads of e-mail as to WHY the state and federal authorities so far are mostly silent about all this. If you do not already know the answer to that, then disregard this story. And, history will teach you in time, in a sad and hard way, all that you need to know about blackmail and those in high public office who are FOR SALE. Notice some of the e-mail questions we get when some folks read our series on "Wal-Mart and the Red Chinese Secret Police".             
 
"Mr. Skolnick, I used to be an assistant manager at Wal-Mart. I have never seen as manager or top officials any slant-eyed types. Who are these Red Chinese Secret Police? I never saw them in the store."         
 
And our response, "In responding to questions, we try very hard to be polite. Often, we are not successful in responding to those who are naive and poorly informed."           
 
As to the Chicago commodity and currency markets, which set prices for worldwide, we are about the only ones that comment on the role THERE of the Red Chinese Secret Police. Such as laundering the proceeds from the Southwest China to Chicago dope rackets, such as laundering the proceeds from the shipping from Red China to Rockefellers' University of Chicago hospitals, of human body parts. Those hospitals are a major human body parts transplant center. The Red Chinese Secret Police sentence dissidents to death as orders come in from Chicago for human body parts, livers, etc. See our series on "The Red Chinese Secret Police IN THE UNITED STATES". As to the Rockefellers and Arkansas, visit our website series, "Wal-Mart and the Red Chinese Secret Police".       
 
A simple answer is that the Secret Police of mainland China have developed ways to put occidentals rather than orientals in front. To understand some of this, visit our website story how the U.S. Government is arranging to outlaw lead-based gun ammunition in this country, to promote "green ammo", bullets made from tungsten, the world's major supplier of tungsten being mainland China. Visit our website item, "Marc Rich---King of the U.S. Bullets".                                     
 
In sum, how do you screw suckers and novices in a crashing stock market? Simple work for scoundrels. You find ways to temporarily pump up the psychological barometer, the Dow Jones 30 Industrials, so as to keep the sheep in place to be clipped. And the liars and whores of the press are part of this despicable fakery. Do you realize how many mass media honchos spend part of the day getting rich on insider trading, immune from the authorities? More about that some other time.
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

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Profile Result - Prescott Bush
http://www.nationalcorruptionindex.org/pages/profile.php?profile_id=280
Last Updated: July 11, 2009

Prescott Sheldon Bush, father of George H.W. Bush, and the grandfather of George W, established the family dynasty � both politically and financially -- mixing politics, banking, oil and doing business with the enemy.

He started out in investment banking. In 1924 Prescott Bush�s father-in-law, George Herbert Walker, brought him into the industrial trust headed by Averell Harriman, later  secretary of commerce under President Truman and the 52nd governor of New York. The firm was called W. A. Harriman & Co.

In 1928, Bush and the firm helped launch the IPO of oil and gas supply company Dresser Industries. Prescott remained on Dresser�s board for 22 years, leaving when he ran for public office in 1950. George H.W. Bush's first job was with Dresser in Texas after graduating from Yale in 1948. He held several positions there before founding his own oil company, Zapata Petroleum, in 1953.

When Dresser faced $billions in losses from asbestos lawsuits  1998 for $7 billion, in a deal brokered by Dick Cheney, who served as secretary of defense under President George H.W. Bush from 1989-1993. In 2001, Halliburton was forced to settle the asbestos lawsuits that it acquired with Dresser, causing the company�s stock price to fall by eighty percent in just over a year. Cheney, however, had already cashed out with $40 million in 2000 when he was chosen as George W. Bush�s running mate for the presidential campaign.

In its early years, Harriman merged with merchant bank Brown Brothers & Co., creating Brown Brothers Harriman, which claimed to be the world�s largest private investment bank.

One of the first projects Prescott Bush took on at the investment firm was to manage Union Banking Corp.(UBC), established by Harriman and George Herbert Walker to provide a U.S. bank for the Thyssens, Nazi Germany�s second most powerful industrial family. UBC worked exclusively for, and was owned by, a Thyssen-controlled bank in the Netherlands.

When the U.S. government enacted the Trading with the Enemy Act in 1942, President Roosevelt froze UBC�s assets, as well as those of two its affiliates and the Consolidated Silesian Steel Company (CSSC), in which Prescott also had a major stake. They were held by the government for the duration of the war, then returned afterward.

UBC was dissolved in 1951. For his single share in UBC, Prescott was supposedly reimbursed $1.5 million. These assets were later used to launch Bush family investments in the Texas energy industry.

Prescott served as U.S. Senator from Connecticut from 1952-1963. He died in October 1972.

Prescott Bush had five children: Prescott Bush Jr.; George H.W. Bush, Nancy Bush Ellis, Jonathan Bush and William H.T. Bush. Some of them followed in his footsteps in politics, while others also developed business relationships with some of most notorious, corrupt leaders and financial manipulators in the world.

Prescott Jr. had ties to China, cultivating a close relationship with former President Jiang Zemin. Through his real estate development firm, Prescott Jr. joined with Japanese partners to build a Shanghai golf course. The Japanese company, Aoki, was found in 1988 to have been bribing Panama strongman Manuel Noriega for business contracts.

Prescott Jr. also served as a paid consultant for Asset Management International Financing & Settlement to set up a communications network in a joint-venture deal with China that involved $300 million of Hughes Aircraft satellites. President George H.W. Bush lifted sanctions against China in December 1989, citing �national interest,�� that would have otherwise blocked the satellite deal. He did so just six months after China�s military cracked down on peaceful pro-Democracy protests, made famous by the photo of a lone man standing before a tank in Tianamen Square. Hundreds of civilians were killed.

When Asset Management later went bankrupt, Prescott Bush Jr. arranged a bailout through a Japanese investment firm later accused of having ties to organized crime.

George H.W. Bush cemented the family political and business dynasty, starting out in the oil business, through his links to wealthy and corrupt financiers from Saudi Arabia, to his stints as CIA Director, U.S. Vice President and President.

George H.W. Bush became closely involved with the Bin Laden family as well as other Arabian billionaires. Khalid bin Mafhouz, major  stockholder of the notorious BCCI, helped fund George W. Bush.�s oil venture in Texas. George H.W. Bush was also Senior Adviser at the Carlyle Group, helping to woo  hundreds of millions in Saudi money to the  Carlyle's  supervision.

Jonathan Bush was a Division President at Riggs Bank, which collapsed in 2004 after paying $41 million in fines for money-laundering and fraud.  Riggs concealed illicit transactions  for Saudi royals  andformer Chilean dictator Augusto Pinochet. Riggs Bank held the account of Saudi Arabia's US Ambassador Prince Bandar for whom Jonathan was  longtime financial adviser,  and whose wife sent more than $80 thousand in Cashiers' checks to a San Diego address, that wound up funding two of the 9/11 hijackers.

William H.T. �Bucky�� Bush made more than $2.7 million through the sale of a company, Engineered Support Systems Inc., with millions of dollars in Iraq war contracts. He was also cited by  the SEC for withholding bad news from shareholders while he cashed stock options worth $450,000.


Sources
President�s Uncle Shares Family Ties to China, USAToday, February 28, 2002: www.usatoday.com/news/washington/2002/02/19/usat-prescott-bush.htm
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dresser_Industries
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bush_family
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prescott_Bush
www.rense.com/general14/bushsformer.htm
www.spiritone.com/~gdy52150/timeline.html
www.new-enlightenment.com/BushSaud.htm
How Bush�s Grandfather Helped Hitler�s Rise to Power, The Guardian, September 25, 2004: www.guardian.co.uk/usa/story/0,12271,1312540,00.html
www.commondreams.org/views04/0208-05.htm
mediafilter.org/caq/BushFamilyPreys.html
Prescott Jr. at Asset Management in China
www.cooperativeresearch.org/timeline.jsp?financing_of_al-qaeda:_a_mo re_detailed_look=binladenFamily&timeline=complete_911_timeline
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

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Neil Bush's China business ties
http://shanghaiist.com/2011/09/06/neil_bushs_china_business_ties.php

Salon.com has a rather hard-hitting piece on Neil Bush, the brother of former US President George Bush who just recently appeared on Sina Weibo and already has 76,000 followers.

The article offers us a grim view of the man. Apparently, apart from being famous for being the son of one former US president and the brother of another, Neil Bush is really not good at anything else.

While Neil claims to have 30 years in the energy industry, none of the people from the Texas oil patch that Ken Silverstein, the writer of the article, spoke with said they had ever had him playing any major role in the business.

One international oil executive and consultant told Silverstein, "I can't imagine anything he could bring to the table," while the lawyer for Neil's former wife asked "You don't think he was picked to be part of all of those business deals because he was so brilliant, do you? He had a big hat but no horse."

We found the following section particularly interesting:

Firms from China regularly retain Neil, which isn't surprising given the deep ties his family has there. Bush Sr. was appointed as U.S. liaison in Beijing under President Gerald Ford, and during his presidency sought greatly expanded trade with Beijing while downplaying human rights concerns. George W. Bush also forged a close relationship with China, and Neil's deceased uncle, Prescott Bush Jr., was a close friend of former premier Jiang Zemin and did a good deal of business there.

In March of this year, Bush Sr., wife Barbara and Neil had dinner at the residence of the Chinese consul general in Houston. The Chinese government expressed hope in a written statement that the Bushes would "continue playing an important role in making contributions to ... the friendship between the two peoples." For their part the Bush family said the visit felt "like home," and expressed special pleasure at being served "their favorite Beijing Roasted Duck." The consul general and the Bushes also "exchanged views on China-U.S. relations ... and other issues of their common interest."

These sorts of ties have surely contributed to Neil's list of Chinese clients, mainly companies seeking natural resource deals in Africa, including Shougang Holdings, a state-owned steel giant. In 2009, Neil led a delegation of the company's officials to Liberia, where Shougang was seeking an iron ore mining concession. The Neil connection didn't help: An Israeli firm ultimately won out.

Also:
Why do companies keep hiring Neil? It can't be for his business acumen. More likely, his employers write checks out of friendship, loyalty and interest in currying favor with his family's business and political network. In a reflection of the declining value of the Bush family name in the age of Obama, Neil does not seem to command the fees he once did.

In 2002, he received payments of $2 million in stock and $10,000 per board meeting from Grace Semiconductor -- a firm backed by the son of Jiang Zemin -- even though he knew nothing at all about semiconductors. Last December he was named a director of China Timber Resources Group, which has forest resources in Guyana and China. Neil's director's fee is a mere $1,200 a month, which the company said "was determined with reference to his experience, scope of work, level of involvement, seniority as well as the prevailing market conditions." Ouch.
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YALE DAILY NEWS...
Prescott S. Bush Jr. (Yale Class of 1944) dies at 87

http://www.yaledailynews.com/news/2010/jun/25/prescott-s-bush-jr-44-dies-at-87/
By Egidio DiBenedetto
Staff Reporter
Friday, June 25, 2010

Prescott S. Bush Jr. ’44, brother of former President George H.W. Bush ’48 and uncle of former President George W. Bush ‘68, died Wednesday in Hingham, Mass., due to long illness, The Associated Press reported. He was 87.

Bush, a Whiffenpoof who graduated from Silliman College and a retired insurance executive, worked for Pan Am Airways in Brazil after graduating Yale to help construct airfields there. After retiring from Johnson & Higgins, a Wall Street insurance firm where he was a partner, Bush took on work as a consultant and is credited with having introduced many American companies to China by founding the United States-China Chamber of Commerce in 1993.

In addition to being a prominent Connecticut politician throughout the 1950s, '60s and '70s, Bush was a classical music enthusiast and an avid golfer. He was the driving force behind the design and construction of the Shanghai Country Club and “loved life, family and friends and lived with a spirit of abundance,” according to a statement from the Keohene Funeral Home.

He is survived by his wife, Elizabeth, son, James, daughter, Kelsey Bush-Nadeau, and six grandchildren.

A memorial service is planned for next Wednesday at Christ Church in Greenwich at noon.

Correction: June 25, 2010

An earlier version of this article mistakenly reported that Prescott Bush Jr. was a member of the Skull and Bones class that is purported to have exhumed the remains of the Apache chieftain Geronimo and transported them to the society’s tomb on High Street. In fact, that was Prescott Bush Sr.

WTF? Yale Daily News actually is including that in their obituary....wow, they do not even hide this shit anymore.
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

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Tribute to Prescott Sheldon Bush, Jr.
Founder: United States of America-China Chamber of Commerce

http://www.usccc.org/Messages/TributetoPrescott.htm

United States of America-China Chamber of Commerce is saddened that Prescott Sheldon Bush, Jr., its Founder and Chairman Emeritus, has died on June 23 at the age of 87 in Massachusetts. Known as "Pres" to his friends, he was a Founder of USCCC in 1993 and served as its Chairman for 10 years until he reached the age of 80.

Born into a political family, Pres was the oldest son of Senator Prescott Sheldon Bush, elder brother of President George H. W. Bush, and the uncle of President George W. Bush. He attended Phillips Academy in Andover, Massachusetts, and then went on to Yale University. Pres worked briefly for Pan American Airways in South America and then worked for Johnson & Higgins, an insurance brokerage firm in New York. Pres was always a friend of the people, and many Chinese would call him by his first name.

China has a special place in the hearts of the Bush family. Pres traveled to China frequently even after he reached 80. He devoted significant resources of his own to promote the understanding between the peoples of the two great nations. "During his tenure as Chairman, not a single day passed that Pres and I did not talk," said Siva Yam, President of USCCC. "We worked closely during the peaks and valleys of U.S.-China relations and the ups and downs of the economy. We believed that USCCC should be independent and for the people, and Pres would travel to places wherever I needed him despite his health and the length of the journey."

Pres is survived by Elizabeth ("Beth"), his wife of 66 years; James Bush, his son; Kelsey Bush-Nadeau, his daughter; and 6 grandchildren. USCCC is deeply indebted to him. He will be greatly missed, and his contribution to bridging the gaps between the U.S. and China will always be remembered.

 
With best,

Siva Yam, CPA, CFA
President
U.S.-China Chamber of Commerce
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

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Prescott Bush Jr. - Prescott Bush Resources, Ltd.; US Businessman and Politician
http://revoltnow.wetpaint.com/page/Prescott+Bush+Jr.+-+Prescott+Bush+Resources,+Ltd.%3B+US+Businessman+and+Politician

QUOTE:
Prescott Sheldon Bush Jr. (born August 10, 1922 in Columbus, Ohio) is an American businessman and politician who is the older brother of former President George H.W. Bush and the uncle of President George W. Bush.

The first child of Prescott Sheldon Bush and Dorothy Walker Bush. Brother of George H. W. Bush (1924), Nancy Bush (1926), Jonathan Bush (1931), and William "Bucky" Bush (1938).

Bush has had extensive business relations in China since 1981 and admits that his name helped open doors there and elsewhere in Asia. He was well acquainted with Rong Yiren, China's "Red Capitalist" and the richest man in mainland China.

As chairman of the U.S.-China Chamber of Commerce, Bush helped arrange for the first direct commercial airline flights between the two countries, and flew from Chicago to Beijing. The date of the flight, which had been pre-arranged, was the day that the U.S.-China spy plane incident began. While in China, Bush met privately with U.S. Ambassador Joseph Prueher, but both Bush and Prueher deny that Bush was involved in any Track II diplomacy.

Bush was an unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination to the U.S. Senate from Connecticut in 1982, opposing Lowell Weicker, who went on to re-election. His father, Prescott Sr., had been Senator from Connecticut (1953-1963).

In 1944, Prescott married Elizabeth Kauffman, the daughter of a naval officer, and they have three children: Prescott S. Bush III (1945-), Kelsey Bush Nadeau (1947-), and James L. Bush (1955-). He and his wife live in Greenwich, Connecticut.
http://www.answers.com/topic/prescott-bush-jr

QUOTE:
"William Simon and Prescott Bush Jr. are also members of the Knights of Malta
http://www.watch.pair.com/jbs-cnp.html http://www.hiddenmysteries.org/conspiracy/research/westernfoundation.html

QUOTE:
The Bush family is a tool of the Papacy. George H. W. Bush is a Knight of Malta as is Prescott Bush Jr. Pro-Nazi Skull and Bonesman Prescott Bush Sr. was trained by the Jesuits of Stonyhurst.
http://www.clayandiron.com/news.jhtml?method=view&news.id=632

QUOTE:

His Excellency, Premier Zhu Rongji and Prescott Bush, Chairman (retired) of US-China Chamber of Commerce
http://www.usccc.org/Current/mem-b.htm
QUOTE:

President George Bush, Siva Yam, President of Us-China Chamber of Commerce and Prescott Bush, Chairman
http://www.usccc.org/Current/mem-b.htm

QUOTE:
Prescott Bush, Jr. , a former director of the NSIC, is brother to President George Bush. He is a member of the Knights of Malta, a conservative lay Catholic group and has been involved with Americares, a right-wing private organization that receives grants from the U.S. Agency for International Development in Central America. (15)
http://rightweb.irc-online.org/gw/2806

QUOTE:
Knights of Malta

Paramilitary Catholic Organization, though some of the individuals purported to be members are anything but Catholic.
Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John, of Jerusalem, of Rhodes, and of Malta.

The Knights of Malta is a sovereign state, and is recognized diplomatically as a nation by a number of countries.

J. Peter Grace.
Gerald Ford.
William F. Buckley.
Former U.S. Secretary of State Alexander Haig.
Lee Iacocca.
Clare Booth Luce.
William Casey.
Prescott Bush, Jr. (brother of George HW Bush.)
John McCone, former DCI.
http://www.rotten.com/library/conspiracy/knights-of-malta/

QUOTE:
La Orden de Malta esta formada por 11.000 caballeros y damas entre lo ms escogido de la nobleza, pero tambin est abierta a la sociedad civil. (The Order of Malta is formed by 11,000 Knights and Dames and derives its membership from among the nobility, but is also accessible to the civil community.) [...]
En el mundo, los empresarios Lee lacocca (Chrysler), Barron Hilton (Hoteles Hilton), el ex presidente francs Valry Giscard D'Estaing, Prescott Bush (to del actual presidente de EE.UU.) o Alexander Haig (secretario deEstado con Ronald Reagan) son otros hospitalarios destacados. (In the world, [...] Prescott Bush, Jr. (the uncle to the current US President) [...] are other notable Hospitalers.)
http://www.orderofmalta.org/dettrs.asp?id=52&idlingua=5 (Proof Positive)

SMOM by mention: http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/caqsmom25.3.html http://www.mosquitonet.com/~prewett/ncrmay891113.html http://www.voxfux.com/features/knights_of_malta_facts.html http://www.voltairenet.org/article123270.html http://www.biblebelievers.org.au/kmlst1.htm http://www.cephas-library.com/catholic_group_watch_knights_of_malta.html

Social Network Diagram:
 http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb06?_BUSH_PRESCOTT_JR

Sources:
QUOTE:
BUSH PRESCOTT JR

* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1986-#25 (35)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1990-#33 (7)
* Covert Action Information Bulletin 1992-#41 (52-4)
* DeCamp,J. The Franklin Cover-up. 1994 (180)
* Esquire 1991-10 (98)
* Guardian (New York) 1985-03-13 (3)
* Honegger,B. October Surprise. 1989 (14)
* Lernoux,P. People of God. 1989 (295)
* Lies Of Our Times 1991-08 (11)
* Lies Of Our Times 1992-04 (3-4)
* Lobster Magazine (Britain) 1987-#14 (15)
* National Reporter 1986-W (58, 60)
* Playboy 1988-10 (151)
* Quinde,H. Affidavit. 1992-01-20 (14)
* Resource Center. GroupWatch 1989-NSIC (1, 3)
* Resource Center. GroupWatch 1991-SMOM (1)
* Sklar,H. Washington's War on Nicaragua. 1988 (240)
* Sterling,C. Thieves' World. 1994 (158)
* Tarpley,W.G. Chaitkin,A. George Bush. 1992 (80, 357)
* Vankin,J. Conspiracies, Cover-ups, and Crimes. 1991 (202-3)
* Wall Street Journal 1991-12-06 (A4)
* Washington Post 1984-12-27 (A25)
* Washington Post 1991-06-11 (D1, 8)
* Washington Post 1992-06-16 (C1, 4)
* Washington Post 1992-06-26 (F1, 2)
* Washington Times 1989-12-13 (A6)
* Washington Times 1992-02-27 (A5)
* Wilcox,D.A... The Right Guide. 1993 (183)

pages cited this search: 38
http://www.namebase.org/cgi-bin/nb01?_BUSH_PRESCOTT_JR
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

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What A Long Strange Trip It's Been
http://ctrl.org/boodleboys/boodleboys1.html

" . . . these same secret societies are behind it all," my father said. Now, Dad had never spoken much about his work.

You see, my Daddy was a — spy.

He entered into the "intel" world in the late thirties, later, he was OSS and G-2. During the early fifties he was the CIA's Branch Chief, Head of East Asia Intelligence Analyst Office. I spoke Dutch and Malay before English, whilst my family accompanied my "businessman" father to Indonesia in the early 1950s. That my father had worked for the government was no secret, but it just wasn't everyday conversation.

So one day, when my dad sat me down, I had very little to relate to when he very soberly and in rapid succession told me, "the Vietnam War is about drugs" and "these secret societies are behind it."

He then really laid one on me.

"Communism is all a sham, these same secret societies are behind it all."


"Hunh???"

I really couldn't relate. The only "secret society" I knew of was the Mafia and my teachers had been stuffing me under desks because the "commies" were going to bomb us. And since it was the sixties—and I was a teenager with my hair growing longer—I just tossed it off as my dad's way of having an anti-drug chat and went on with life.

Many years later I finally had some understanding of what my dad was talking about and—boy—do I wish I had asked some questions.

Like, was he was talking about The Order of Skull and Bones?


Skull and Bones, the pirates flag, a poison warning—an icon of death—an interesting symbol for what some say is merely a Yale 'frat' club. Just some college kids and their bizarre hazing humor—having fun.

For almost 170 years that grimacing visage and code of "strict secrecy" has fostered many questions.

What is Skull and Bones?

The Order of Skull and Bones is the oldest of several senior secret societies that are unique to Yale University. The "Order" was founded in 1832 by William Huntington Russell and Alphonso Taft. Many historians claim the group appeared as a direct result of the de-secretizing of America's oldest Greek-letter college secret society, Phi Beta Kappa.

Phi Beta Kappa had been "founded with impressive ritual and high solemnity" on Thursday, Dec 5, 1776, at William and Mary College, in Williamsburg, Virginia. A few years later in April of 1780, at Goshen, Connecticut, four students were "initiated into Phi Beta Kappa." Later on November 13, the official foundation meeting was held at Yale. "Three weeks and a day later" the chapter at William and Mary came to "an end" due to the threat of a British invasion during the War of Independence. Thus making the group at Yale the oldest existent chapter.

New England was going through a transformation from the strict puritanical Calvinist outlooks toward a more secular, scientific worldview. The revolutionary fervor and factionalization of the War of Independence had been sandwiched between a series of religious revivals that swept through the countryside like wildfires. During the first years of our Republic there was a big Illuminati conspiracy scare and a generation later an anti-Masonic hysteria that developed into a political force. The first national party convention—by any party, in the US—was held by the Anti-Mason party, in 1832.

Many people, including, John Quincy Adams, who was elected to Congress on an Anti-Mason/Whig ticket, were publicly campaigning against the secrecy of Phi Beta Kappa.

Phi Beta Kappa dropped its secret society aspect in 1832 and became an "open honorary organization," and "[in] protest, apparently, William H. Russell, valedictorian of 1833, got Alphonso Taft and thirteen other members of '33 to form what is now perhaps the most famous secret society in the United States."

From the very beginning Skull and Bones encountered resentment from fellow students. The faculty sent warning letters to the parents of early initiates. Even amid this controversy the chapter persisted and flourished, and by 1884 two other senior secret societies at Yale had been formed: Scroll and Key, and Wolf's Head. Also, Phi Beta Kappa had been revived after disappearing in 1871.

One old Yale tradition is "that 'Bones’ is a branch of a university corps of Germany, in which country, General Russell spent some time before graduation." During an infamous break-in by the "Order of File and Claw", on September 29, 1876 into the "Tomb"—the windowless "Bones"-owned and -built meeting house—the walls were seen to be "adorned with pictures of the founders of Bones at Yale, and of the members of the society in Germany, when the Chapter was established here in 1832."

In the cellar, the "File and Claw" raiders found a small room, with an "always-burning lamp" and "a dilapidated human skull." Upstairs three rooms were found, a lodge room with its walls covered in black velvet, a table with skull and crossbones, and the "sanctum sanctorum," room number 322, "furnished in red velvet" and on the wall a star with a finger pointing to it.

The "Order of File and Claw" also reported "an old engraving representing an open burial vault, in which on a stone slab, rest four human skulls, grouped around a fool's-cap and bells, an open book, several mathematical instruments, a beggar's scrip, and a royal crown. On the arched wall above the vault are the explanatory words, in Roman letters, 'We War Der Thor, Wer Weiser, We Bettler Oder Kaiser?' and below the vault is engraved, in German characters, the sentence; 'Ob Arm, Ob Beich, im Tode gleich,''.

"Who was the fool, who the wise man, beggar or king? Whether poor or rich, all's the same in death."

This closely resembles the initiation into the Degree of Regent for the Bavarian Illuminati. "This degree was conferred only on such persons as by high intellectual attainments, social position, and tried fidelity, were considered capable of advancing the objects of the Order. The place of reception consisted of three rooms." One of these room was "hung with red," the "first room was set aside for preparation; it was hung with black, and in its centre, on a platform, stood a complete human skeleton, at whose feet, lay a crown and a sword. The candidate was led into this room; his hands were manacled, and he was left alone for a little while, during which time be could hear the conversation: carried on in the middle room. Who has brought this slave hither?—He came and knocked. What does he seek?—Freedom; he beseeches you to free him from his bonds.' Why does he not apply to those who have bound him?—They will not set him free; his servitude benefits them. Who has made him a slave?—Society, the State, false Religion. . . . Does he respect persons? Ask him who was the man whose skeleton be sees before him; was he a king, nobleman, or beggar?—He does not know; he only knows, that he was a man like one of ourselves. He wants only to be a man. Then let him be introduced. The candidate was then brought into the middle, and finally into the last room, and after some more catechising, invested with the dress of the Regent."

Is Skull and Bones an Illuminati group?

Some historians dispute any link between the Bavarian Illuminati and Phi Beta Kappa, and thus Skull and Bones. The argument is that Adam Weishaupt didn't form his group until May of 1776 and that in the ensuing six months there wasn't enough time for communication and that there was very "little in common between the Bavarian philosopher and the five boys" whom founded Phi Beta Kappa.

However, other researchers assert quite plainly that Phi Beta Kappa is the "Bavarian Illuminati, ... spread to America"; and "the Masonic Order probably influenced the founding of the Society at William and Mary."

In the late 1700s, ocean travel between Europe and America required a two to three month journey. It has been reported that Weishaupt began "canvassing" members for his order in 1774. He was a zealous member of the Lodge of Eclectic Masonry in 1775,—The Lodge Theodore of Good Consul,—along with people who became members of the Bavarian Illuminati. And even though, the sect was suppressed by the Bavarian government in 1788, there are accounts of the Illuminati's survival. Weishaupt, himself, lived until November 1830. Many of the Illuminati's early members were drawn from the charismatic professor's fellows and students. Weishaupt himself stated:

"The first task of the Association must therefore be to form the young members. As these multiply and advance, they become the apostles of beneficence, and the work is now on foot, and advances with a speed encreasing[sic] every day. The slightest observation shows that nothing will so much contribute to increase the zeal of the members as secret union."

There had been other secret, semi-secret and open college societies before Phi Beta Kappa, but these had usually had Latin names. The "five boys" who started Phi Beta Kappa were unknown for many years and the main founder was known as just the "young 'Hellenist."" Weishaupt—who rebelled against the Jesuit, Roman Catholic, Latin-speaking "power-structure" of his day—had a great fondness of things "Greek." In the Illuminati he went by Spartacus, the Greek slave who led the revolt against the Romans. All Illuminati members were given "new" names, mostly Greek, similar to Phi Beta Kappa and Skull & Bones members.

Who is in Bones?

Every year on a Thursday in May fifteen juniors are 'tapped"—initiated into next year's group. There have been a few irregular initiations and member years—usually because of war. Around 2,500 people have been members, mostly white males from old-line inter-related, wealthy New England families. Bundy, Bush, Ford, Goodyear, Harriman, Heinz, Jay, Kellogg, Lord, Lovett, Perkins, Phelps, Pillsbury, Pinchot, Rockefeller, Sloane, Stimson, Taft, Vanderbilt, Weyerhaeuser, and Whitney, are some of the names on the Skull and Bones roster. Minorities were brought in during the 1950's and female initiates were allowed into the Order in 1991.

Members of Order of Skull and Bones have had a great impact upon our society. "They" have friends in very high and—very low places. They occupy key positions in the worlds of commerce, communications , diplomacy, education, espionage, finance, law and politics. Their impact on professional associations and the philanthropical fortune-holding/controlling foundations has been very profound.

There have been two Skull and Bones Presidents—with a possible third, George W. Bush(S&B 1968), looming on the horizon; at least ten Senators; two Chief Justices of the Supreme Court and many U.S. representatives and state governors. "Bonesmen" have held a myriad of lesser appointed posts and positions, with a particular affinity for Secretary of War/Defense; diplomatic posts to Europe, Russia, China and the Philippines; and in the national security state/intelligence apparatus.

For some understanding of how "they" work let us look at the two U.S. presidents and their friends and families.

Young WH Taft at Yale

William Howard Taft(S&B 1878) is the only man who has served as both President and Chief Justice of the United States.

His father, Alphonso Taft (S&B co-founder 1833) was appointed Secretary of War by President Ulysses Grant, and later U.S. Attorney General. As Attorney General, Alphonso helped fashion the commission that decided who won the 1876 election. The commission found in favor of Rutherford B. Hayes, a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon, (DKE), originally a junior secret society at Yale, and the only national Greek letter fraternity initially founded at Yale. In 1882, Alphonso was appointed U.S. Minister to Austria-Hungary. He then moved to Russia for two years, leaving in 1886. He died in 1891.

His son, William Howard Taft, appointed by President McKinley, to be the first civil governor of the Philippines, displaced a disgruntled General Arthur MacArthur (General Douglas MacArthur's father) who had been the military governor. Teddy Roosevelt (DKE), who became president after McKinley’s assassination, appointed Taft to serve as Secretary of War (1904-08). While Secretary, he was the "master overseer and troubleshooter" for the Panama Canal; provisional governor of Cuba; and acting Secretary of State, while the Secretary of State John Hay was ill.

William Taft was elected President of the United States in 1909. He had the last cow and the first official automobile at the White House. During his administration, lawmakers sent Constitutional amendments to the states which provided for the direct election of Senators and a Federal Income tax. The foundation for the Federal Reserve System was laid during Taft’s administration and was signed into law furtively by his successor, Woodrow Wilson on Christmas Eve 1913. W. H. Taft was appointed Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by President Harding in 1921, and served until his death in 1930.

WH Taft and Family, inluding two future S&B members Robert and Charles.

President Taft made Henry L. Stimson (S&B 1888) his Secretary of War (1911-13). Stimson was appointed to high government posts by seven presidents. He was Governor General of the Philippines (1926-1928), Secretary of State under President Herbert Hoover (1929-1933) and Secretary of War under Presidents Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Harry S. Truman (1940-1946). He was "ultimately responsible" for the internment of Japanese-American citizens in WWII and oversaw the Manhattan Project, America’s atomic bomb program. Stimson also took credit for swaying Truman into dropping "the bomb" on Japan.

Henry groomed a generation of "cold warriors," in what was known as "Stimson's Kindergarten". Among Stimson’s students were General George C. Marshall, John J. McCloy, Dean Acheson (DKE), three "Bonesmen" from the Bundy family, and Robert A. Lovett (S&B 1918).

The "Yale Flying Unit"

Front Row:
Wellsey Laud Brown and Henry P. Davison (S&B 1920)
Back Row:
John Vorys(S&B 1918), Artemus Gates(S&B 1918), Albert Dilman, Jr., Allan Ames(S&B 1918), David McCulloh, F Trubee Davison(S&B 1918), R Lovett(S&B 1918) & E. Gould

Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., wrote, "These men helped establish a distinguished network connecting Wall Street, Washington, worthy foundations and proper clubs. The New York and legal community was the heart of the American Establishment. Its household deities were Henry L. Stimson and Elihu Root* ; its present leaders, Robert A. Lovett and John J. McCloy; its front organizations, the Rockefeller, Ford and Carnegie foundations and the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). " [* T. Roosevelt's Secretary of War—after W.H. Taft—and Stimson's senior law partner]

Robert A. Lovett was Assistant Secretary of War for Air (1941-1945), Secretary of Defense (1951-53), and a leading member of the CFR. Until his death in 1986, Lovett was one of the "most powerful men in the United States for nearly 40 years."

And as a partner in the investment house of Brown Brothers, Harriman, Lovett had connections to another interesting group of "Boodle Boys" ( an old slang term for members of the Order of Skull and Bones.)

R Lovett and A Harriman in1936                                            
R. Harriman and R. Lovett -1919

The fathers of W. Averell Harriman (S&B 1913) and Lovett were both executives for Union Pacific Railroads. Robert and the Harrimans were childhood friends.

In 1919, Averell Harriman founded WA Harriman and Company, a merchant investment house, now Brown Brothers, Harriman. Harriman took the reins of Union Pacific in 1932 serving as chairman of the board of untill 1942.

Averell had a lifelong interest in Russia, first visiting there in 1899. His last visit at age 91 was in 1983. Averell invested in the USSR soon after the revolution in defiance of federal laws and regulations. The investment firms, Guaranty Trust and Brown Brothers, Harriman—both dominated by "Bonesmen"—were involved in the early financing of Communist Russia. They financed industries, established banks and developed oil and mineral resources.

Later, as Minister to Great Britain in charge of Lend-Lease for Britain and Russia, Harriman created a program, that shipped entire factories into Russia and—according to some who were involved in the deal—was responsible for the transfer of nuclear secrets, plutonium and U.S. dollar printing plates to the USSR.

Harriman and Stalin

Harriman was the US Ambassador to the Soviet Union from 1943 to1946) and was a presidential secret envoy to Soviet leaders Stalin, Krushchev, Brezhnev and Andropov.

After World War II, he served as Secretary of Commerce (1946-48), special assistant to President Truman, and the U.S. representative at NATO meetings.

Secretary of State Dean Acheson(Scroll & Key), Ike, Secretary of Defense R Lovett and Mutual Security Administration Director W. Harriman-11/51

In 1951, Averell became the Director of the Mutual Security Agency. Working with his fellow "Bonesman" Robert Lovett, who was Secretary of Defense and who had chaired the Lovett Committee in 1947, to organize US intelligence activities, they created a framework of national security apparatus belli, with "organization[s ] of covert operations and 'psychological warfare.' "

Harriman served a term as the Governor of New York (1954-58) and went on to dominate the Democratic national party as its "elder statesman" for the rest of his life.

Robert Lovett, was asked by incoming President Kennedy to be Secretary of Defense or Treasury, he declined. But Lovett did suggested his friends, C. Douglas Dillon, investment executive and diplomat; Dean Rusk, Rockefeller Foundation president; and Robert MacNamara of Ford. These three became Treasury Secretary, Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense—the administration's most "important policy making positions"—and some of the "architects of the Vietnam War."

During the Vietnam conflict Harriman served in the State Department as Ambassador at Large for Presidents Kennedy and Johnson. He served as Under Secretary of State for Asia (1961-1963) and Under Secretary of State for Political affairs (1963-65), and led peace negotiations with North Vietnam in 1968.

"Stimson's Kindergarten" graduates, William Bundy (S&B 1939) and his brother McGeorge Bundy (S&B 1940), from their positions in the CIA, Department of Defense, the State Department and as Special Assistants to Presidents Kennedy and Johnson, exercised significant impact on the flow of information and intelligence during the Vietnam "police action."

William Bundy went on to be editor of Foreign Affairs, the influential quarterly of the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). McGeorge became president of the Ford Foundation.

Two partners of WA Harriman and Co.' were Prescott Bush (S&B 1917) and his father-in-law, George Herbert "Bert" Walker. There were many other "Bones" directors and partners, including three from Prescott's class of 1917.

Bert Walker inherited a St. Louis dry-goods import and wholesale business. In 1900, he a started a banking and investment firm named the GH Walker and Company. Walker’s family had developed many international banking contacts and he helped organize the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair. A wheeler-dealer, Walker was known as the "power behind the throne" in local Democratic politics.

In 1919, Prescott Bush moved to St. Louis after accepting a job offer from Wallace E. Simmons (S&B 1890) in his railroad equipment company. That autumn Prescott met Dorothy, Bert Walker's daughter. That same year, Averell—who needed someone with strong international financial dealings—implored upon Bert to organize The WA Harriman & Co. Averell's brother, Roland "Bunny" Harriman (S&B 1917), was co-owner. Percy Rockefeller (S&B 1904) was a founding financial sponsor and director.

Prescott and his young family went to Connecticut in 1925,where he worked at the Harriman-controlled US Rubber Corp. Then, in 1926, his father-in-law Bert, president of WA Harriman & Company, made Prescott a vice-president. After the firm merged with Brown Brothers and became Brown Brothers, Harriman, Prescott was the managing partner.

On October 20 of 1942, ten months after Pearl Harbor, the US government ordered the seizure of "all the capital stock of the Union Banking Corporation, a New York corporation," by the US Alien Property Custodian. The government order stated "all of which shares are held for the benefit of … members of the Thyssen family, [and] is property of nationals … of a designated enemy country…" Prescott was a director and shareholder in the bank.

Averell, Bert and Prescott—using Union Banking, the Hamburg-Amerika Line and other fronts and holding companies—were directly involved in the build-up of Nazi Germany. Corporate lawyer and diplomat, John Foster Dulles, his brother, OSS and CIA spymaster, Allen Dulles, and others helped supply the Third Reich with capital, financial arrangements and asset management services.

This whole arrangement was kept very quiet, marked by only a small notice in the NY Times—years later—on Dec 16, 1944: "The Union Banking Corporation, 39 Broadway, New York has received authority to change its principal place of business to 120 Broadway." No mention was made of the fact that the property had been seized for trading with the enemy, or that 120 Broadway was the Alien Property Custodian's address.

And no 'fuss' was made at all, Prescott, later a US Senator, was still a partner in Brown Brothers, Harriman and held directorships for various companies, such as CBS, Dresser Industries, Pan-American Air, Prudential, and U.S. Guaranty and Trust.

An official signature for Brown Brothers Harriman & Co. c. 1931

Some other Skull and Bones partners

JB Madden S&B1941            
Lawernce G. Tighe S&B 1941                                
Stephen Y Hord S&B1921

Prescott had another secret, in May of 1918, he and some other "Bonesmen", had stolen Geronimo's skull from the Fort Sill Army Base in Oklahoma. In the fall of 1983, Ned Anderson, Tribal Chairman of the San Carlos Apache Tribe attempted to have the remains of Geronimo returned to his tribe's custody. A newspaper story was written about his search and the Army’s resistance towards his quest. Soon thereafter, an "informant provided Anderson with photographs of the stolen remains, and a copy of a Skull and Bones log book in which a 1918 grave robbery had been recorded. The informant said that Skull and Bones members used the pilfered remains in performing some of their Thursday and Sunday night rituals, with Geronimo's skull sitting out on a table in front of them."

" … from a Skull and Bones Society internal history entitled Continuation of the History of Our Order for the Century Celebration, 17 June 1933, by The Little Devil of D'121.

"oFrom the war days [W.W. I] also sprang the mad expedition from the
School of Fire at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, that brought to the T[omb] its
most spectacular "crook,'' the skull of Geronimo the terrible, the
Indian Chief who had taken forty-nine white scalps. An expedition in
late May, 1918, by members of four Clubs [i.e. four graduating-class
years of the Society], Xit D.114, Barebones, Caliban and Dingbat, D.115,
S'Mike D.116, and Hellbender D.117, planned with great caution since in
the words of one of them: "Six army captains robbing a grave wouldn't
look good in the papers.'' The stirring climax was recorded by
Hellbender in the Black Book of D.117: "... The ring of pick on stone
and thud of earth on earth alone disturbs the peace of the prairie. An
axe pried open the iron door of the tomb, and Pat[riarch] Bush entered
and started to dig. We dug in turn, each on relief taking a turn on the
road as guards.... Finally Pat[riarch] Ellery James turned up a bridle,
soon a saddle horn and rotten leathers followed, then wood and then, at
the exact bottom of the small round hole, Pat[riarch] James dug deep and
pried out the trophy itself.... We quickly closed the grave, shut the
door and sped home to Pat[riarch] Mallon's room, where we cleaned the
Bones. Pat[riarch] Mallon sat on the floor liberally applying carbolic
acid. The Skull was fairly clean, having only some flesh inside and a
little hair. I showered and hit the hay ... a happy man....''


After many tries Ned finally met with Jonathan Bush (S&B 1953] brother of then vice-president George Herbert Walker Bush (S&B 1948, DKE) in September 1986. Jonathan told Anderson obliquely "that he would get what he had come after" and said come back tomorrow. Tomorrow never came—the meeting was postponed.

"Bones" attorney Endicott Peabody Davison (S&B 1945) of the law firm Winthrop, Stimson, Putnam, and Roberts was called in. After some delay another meeting was held. Davison brought a display case—resembling the one Ned had a photo of—and a skull. The skull was different and appeared to be that of a child.

According to a 1988, Washington Post article, lawyer Davison wanted the Apache leader to sign an agreement that disallowed "anyone in association with us to make or permit any publication in connection with this transaction.'' Anderson refused. Davison claimed that "the Order's own history book is a hoax." However during the negotiations with Anderson, Davison never gave up the stipulation that "Anderson give up his copy of the book." Ned refused the proffered skull and signed nothing.

The private response from Skull and Bones members is that—if anything at all—Prescott was "conned' into purchasing a fake Geronimo skull and they point to reports of an archivist at Fort Sill who says the grave had been "moved … several years earlier."

Prescott's "alleged" skull theft and his "trading with enemy" were unknown publicly and had no bearing when he ran for Senator in 1950, but last minute revelations of his "contacts with birth controllers" … "cost him the election ... " (Yale and many of the Skull & Bones’ family have been at the forefront of the "race-science movement"—a whole story in itself. Yale economist Irving Fisher (S&B 1888), was the founder of the American Eugenics Society.)

In 1952, Eisenhower—an avid golfer—was running for President, having beaten Robert Alphonso Taft (S&B 1910) for the Republican nomination amidst fisticuffs and the first fully televised convention. Prescott a past president of the United States Golf Association was one of Ike's favorite golfing partners. Prescott's father-in-law, Bert, had also served as president of the USGA and in 1922, initiated an amateur golf tournament between the United States and Great Britain and Ireland. Walker donated the trophy and the newspapers christened it the "Walker Cup."

Prescott Bush won a special election—with Ike's help—in 1952, and became the senior US Senator from Connecticut. He served on the Armed Services Committee and helped to keep Connecticut’s huge defense contractors busy.



Roland Harriman, Prescott Bush, Knight Woolley and R. Lovett - all S&B and senior Partners at Brown Brothers Harriman - 7/64

Leaving the Senate, in 1962, Prescott rejoined Brown Brothers, Harriman and stayed involved in his family's business, political and social life. He was very instrumental in his son's business and political careers. He passed away in 1972, before he saw his son George Herbert Walker Bush elected to be the second US president from the foreign-based secret society, the Order of Skull and Bones.

But there was more to Prescott than meets the resume.

Prescott Bush had been an operative for Army Intelligence during World War I. He was a liaison to the British and some say he was trained by famous Stewart Menzies, WWII head of the British secret service.

Gordon Gray (another one of Prescott's golfing partners) was the first director of the Psychological Strategy Board, having been installed by the "Harriman security regime" in the early 50's. Gray and his four elite Jupiter Island, Florida, neighbors Prescott Bush, Robert A. Lovett, C. Douglas Dillion and "Jock" Whitney, are, along the Dulles and Harriman brothers considered by some historians to be the "fathers of this permanent covert action monolith". The "secret government" in the shadowy realms of intelligence operations that cloaks its actions with cries of national security.

They created this modern wall of deniality for Eisenhower deep within the government-military-industrial complex—that Ike was later to regret. One of Gray's jobs, as Ike's National Security advisor, was "under the guise of 'oversight' on all US covert action, to protect and hide" the "cryptocracy."

"Gray's son, C. Bowden was President Bush's very helpful "soulmate'", "protector of the president, come what may", White House counsel. He helped to keep George "out of the loop," as George became embroiled in the evolving Iran-Contra scandal.

In 1954, H. S. Richardson, the maker of Vick's cough drops and Vapo-Rub, wrote in a letter to Senator Prescott Bush; "… I want to get your advice and counsel on a subject—namely what should be done with the income from a foundation, which my brothers and I are setting up…"

Eugene Stetson (S&B 1934), an assistant manager for Prescott Bush at Brown Brothers, Harrimans organized the H. Smith Richardson Foundation. The foundation participated in the MK-ULTRA, a CIA domestic covert psychological warfare operation and helped to finance the testing of psychotropic drugs, including LSD, at Bridgewater Hospital in Massachusetts in the 50's.

During the Iran-Contra operations, the H. Smith Richardson Foundation was a "private donors steering committee," working with the National Security Council to co-ordinate the Office of Public Diplomacy. This was an effort to propagandize the public in favor of and run cover for the Iran-Contra operations, and to coordinate published attacks on opponents of the program.

In 1962, Prescott founded the National Strategy Information Center, with his son, Prescott Bush, Jr. and William Casey, investment banker, OSS veteran —and future CIA director. The center, among other things, laundered funds for the dissemination of "CIA authored 'news stories' to some 300 newspapers."

Iran-Contra, Watergate are just two of the many scandals that allows glimpses into a "secret government" netherworld. Scandals used to deflect attention away from deeper corruption. A black and gray world where one sees many of the same faces and, yes, George HW Bush is/was in the loop. A deep cover in an alliance of oil and intelligence that has merged with another cabal—intelligence, the mob and drugs. "Drug trafficking" is now in the realm of "national security." There are excuses like—isn't it better that we do it, instead of someone else, and other spurious—whatever's handy hoodwinks and backstops. Here, one is dealing with an "intel" world where a big rule is to leave no fingerprints. Deniability—being out of the loop— are built into systems of overlapping agencies and groups that are used by this "secret government."

The assault upon the rights of American public through an unconstitutional War on Drugs has just been part of a directed cultural, economic, political and real warfare. There is no true public debate or public exposure. ABC's Peter Jennings does series of reports on CIA's shady money dealings—ABC is bought by Bush friend William Casey's influenced Capitol Cities—and the reports stop. Many a policing agency's bust is "compromised" by claims of national security; money and property are given back and get-out-of-jail-cards are routinely used—while us hoi polloi's lives are ruined. Exposes, reporters and agents are summarily squashed, ignored, dismissed, jailed and … killed.

A steady drumbeat of events and news stories is used to create fear and division within our society. The targeted racial realities and exploited fears of the drug trade and drug use are used to subdue many and disenfranchise all parts of the community. Along with the crack, came the reality-cop show "popularizing the police state." More laws, equals more criminals, more prisons, more controls and more corruption. And more money to be made … Prohibition brings higher prices. Competition can be "officially" weeded out and the public pays for anti-drug messages that entreats teens.

Drugs are a hard-metal cash crop. "Gold" from the ground—in some places it can be harvested three times a year. Drugs … is the biggest business on the planet.

But then, this game is not new and has been played before …
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

Offline Dig

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The Charmer, China Trade Clipper Ship launched 1854
http://ctrl.org/boodleboys/boddlesboys2.html

The Charmer was built in Newburyport, Massachusetts by Geo. W. Jackman for Bush & Wildes of Boston.

Hon’ble John’s Band
"When we sold the Heathen nations rum and opium in rolls,
And the Missionaries went along to save their sinful souls."
The Old Clipper Days
--Julian S. Cutler


Col. WH Russell in his later years

William H. Russell (Skull &Bones; co-founder-1833) cousin Samuel Russell formally established Russell & Co. on January 1, 1824 for the purpose of acquiring opium and smuggling it to China. Russell & Co. merged with the number one US trader, the J. & T.H. Perkins "Boston Concern" in 1829. By the mid-1830s the opium trade had become "the largest commerce of its time in any single commodity, anywhere in the world." Russell & Co. and the Scotch firm Jardine-Matheson, then the world's largest opium dealer working together were known as the "Combination." George HW Bush (S&B 1948) was born in Milton, Massachusetts not far from the historic home of Robert Bennett Forbes, a Russell partner. Many great American, European and Chinese family fortunes were built on the "China"(opium) trade. Yes, they sold porcelain, tea, silks and other items at home in the US, but they "needed" the trade in opium for silver to pay for the desired goods and—opium smuggling returned "handsome" profits


Samuel Russell of Middleton, Connecticut

Opium smuggling didn’t just make money. At times, opium was money. Opium built empires and had a hand in financing much of the world’s infrastructure.



Wrapper for opium packet. Singapore c.1920

From Carl A Trocki’s excellent book, Opium, Empire and the Global Economy(1999):

"The trade in such drugs usually results in some form of monopoly which not only centralizes the drug traffic, but also restructures much of the affiliated social and economic terrain in the process. In particular two major effects are the creation of mass markets and the generation of enormous, in fact unprecedented, cash flows. The existence of monopoly results in the concentrated accumulation of vast pools of wealth. The accumulations of wealth created by a succession of historic drug trades have been among the primary foundations of global capitalism and the modern nation-state itself. Indeed, it may be argued that the entire rise of the west, from 1500 to 1900, depended on a series of drug trades."
<>
". . . the image of the "opium empire," a metaphor first offered by Joseph Conrad. It takes up the early history of opium and other "traditional drugs" such as tobacco and sugar and develops the paradigm of commercialized drug trades and ties that to the growth of European colonialism in the Americas and Asia . . ."
<>
". . . links between drug trades, European colonial expansion, the creation of the global capitalist system and the creation of the modern state. Drug trades destabilized existing societies not merely because they destroyed individual human beings but also, and perhaps more importantly, because they have the power to undercut the existing political economy of any state. They have created new forms of capital; and they have redistributed wealth in radically new ways."
<>
"Opium thus created a succession of new political and economic orders in Asia during the past two centuries. These included the state of the East India Company itself, the new Malay polities of island Southeast Asia, the colonial states of nineteenth-century Southeast Asia and the warlord regimes of post-Qing China as well as the Guomindang and communist states that arose out of that milieu. At the same time, the economies of the entire region were radically reoriented, or perhaps "re-occidented" would be a more appropriate word. India's opium production was brought under western control while China's domestic economy was opened to the west. Southeast Asia was first opened to western traders and then to western control. With the migration of Chinese labor, Southeast Asian economies were transformed into commodity-producing regimes focused on exporting to the industrializing western Powers. Underlying all of this, opium rearranged the domestic economies and pushed them down the path of mass consumption, which together with mass production, typified the "modern" economic order.

It is possible to suggest a hypothesis that mass consumption, as it exists in modern society, began with drug addiction. And, beyond that, addiction began with a drug-as-commodity. Something was necessary to prime the pump, as it were, to initiate the cycles of production, consumption and accumulation that we identify with capitalism. Opium was the catalyst of the consumer market, the money economy and even of capitalist production itself in nineteenth-century Asia.
<>
Opium was the tool of the capitalist classes in transforming the peasantry and in monetizing their subsistence lifestyles. Opium created pools of capital and fed the institutions that accumulated it: the banking and financial systems, the insurance systems and the transportation and information infrastructures. Those structures and that economy have, in large part, been inherited by the successor nations of the region today."


One might say, whomever controls opium—controls . . .

And it is especially profitable when its illegal, plus the corrupting side-effects that can be "played" towards . . .


The Opium Poppy
O just, subtle, and all-conquering opium!
--Thomas De Quincey
Confessions of an English Opium-Eater

Who first discovered the opium poppy’s attributes is lost in the depths of time. Research suggests that "there are no truly wild" opium poppies and all extant species are cultivars. Opium poppy’s "genetic alterations"—along with a just few other drug and food plants—"imply that the plant is the product of an extensive and sophisticated process of primitive genetic engineering." The basic litany of opium’s history is that cultivated opium seeds and pods have been found at Neolithic sites in central Europe from the fourth millennia B.C. and the plant spread to the south and southeast. Over 5000 years ago, Sumerians were growing opium poppies—the "joy plant"— for both its medicinal and "narcotic" properties. The Assyrians—who called it "lion fat"—assimilated opium use from the Sumerians. The Assyrians passed its use on to the Babylonians, who engendered opium use among the Egyptians. Here use flowered with a unique "thebiacum" strain being developed. A strain with a high amount of thebaine—one of opium's 24 alkaloids—very medicinal but not as soporific. Many classical Egyptian royal tombs were "decorated with paintings of opium poppies" among other medicinal plants. Ancient Egyptian texts included an opiate preparation "Remedy to Prevent the Excessive Crying of Children"—a use carried through many cultures up through the patent medicines sold in America, Britain and elsewhere until the early 1900s. The Egyptians engaged in a strong trade with their strong medicinal variant throughout the Mediterranean.

From two Mediterranean isles, comes the only archeological evidence of the smoking of opium before the sixteenth century A.D. The "Peoples of the Sea" on Cyprus were smoking opium in ceramic pipes and were using slashing culling knives on opium pods before 1100 BC. From "primordial opium dens" and other sites on Crete, archaeologists have uncovered sophisticated smoking devices, very similar to ones devised by the Chinese 3,000 years later and—a most amazing statue.


"The Poppy Goddess, Patroness of Healing" is about three feet high with three poppies in the front of her tiara. Some "archeologists speculate that this female deity, crowned with poppy pods, presided over an opium-smoking cult on Crete over 3,5000 years ago."


The Greeks looked to opium as both a medicine and a magical talisman within their mythos—a "sacred plant to which were consecrated altars and priests." Then circa 600 B.C. the Greek culture began transforming from one of magic and myth to one encouraging reason and the study of knowledge. One of the big changes was from choosing of a pharmakos—a sacrificial human scapegoat, to be stoned to death—towards a cult of doctor-priests gathered around the legend of Aesuclapius. They were known to give their patients an admittance exam consisting of an opiated potion accompanied by sleep on a freshly-skinned rams skin. After the patients slept they were queried about their dreams for a prognosis and diagnosis. Hipocrates was born near the Aesuclapisian main hospital on the isle of Cos in 460 B.C. Hipocrates stripped away the magic to become the father of medicine. He showed opium to be "useful as a cathartic, hypnotic, narcotic and styptic" and bespoke of monitored moderate usage. The Aesuclapisians were the medical establishment all through the Roman era. The isle of Cos was a favorite rehabilitation clinic for Nero, who had been enthroned with help of another use of opium—a poison. His mother Agrippina put opium "in the wine of her fourteen year-old stepson, Britannicus." The dissolution of the Roman European empire into the Dark ages left it to the Crusaders to bring back to Europe familiarity of the drug and its uses from the Arabs.

"Healing" in medieval European took many forms, not all being medicinal. The all-powerful church declared that disease was demonic and exorcisms were prescribed. The Arab physicians, the midwives/herbalists and a classical-based school started by Muslim physicians at Salermo on Sicily were the ones that understood and used opium. The "kill-cure Frankish system"—one of leeches, bleeding, blistering, trepanning—"known in its time as Heroic medicine," (ironically some say the root of the word heroin) didn’t generally prescribe opium, decrying it as "lazy."

In the first part of the 1500s Theophrastus Bombastus von Hoheheim, otherwise know as Paraclesus created the famous opiated potion, laudanum. Laudanum has come to be a generic term for a variety of oral opiate preparations. When laudanum is made to Paraclesus’s original recipe using orange and lemon juice, one gets a primitive form of heroin. Laudanum-named preparations were a staple medicine used by medical doctors up through the early decades of the twentieth century. Although a tussle between herbalists and medical practitioners continued, the medical establishment embraced laudanum and other opiate preparations for pain relief and their effect of masking the symptoms of disease.





Foreign Factories at Canton 1830-1840, Sunqua

The Opium Trade
"If the trade is ever legalized, it will cease to be profitable from that time. The more difficulties that attend it, the better for you and us."
-- Directors of Jardine-Matheson

The Portuguese arrived in China in the early 1500s and after an abortive attempt to settle near latter-day Hong Kong they were permitted to establish a trading base at Macao in 1557. They brought the first European traded opium to China from their colony of Goa. Arab traders had been bringing in opium ever since around 400 A. D. There was already some domestic production for medicinal uses, opium poppies having reached China some 300 years earlier. The trade had become steady—mainly medicinal—about 200 chests a year until the advent of the Europeans. The era of royal-chartered mercantilist enterprises was afloat and as the Portuguese influence in the East began to wane—there was a rush to fill the void. The Dutch, English and French each began large "corporate" ventures into the "spice" trade. There was also trade interests by other European nations plus Russian, Armenian, Jewish, Parsee and American merchants.

The opium trade sparked when the smoking of opium was "introduced." Sailors in the tropics—some for a medicinal benefit against tropical maladies—began to mix opium with their tobacco in their pipes in the late 1500. This was picked up by various populations and developed into its own subculture. Soon there was the dropping of the mixing with tobacco to a prepared opium smoke(chandu). And special pipes—very similar to ones used on Crete several thousand of years earlier.

The Dutch began trading opium in the 1610s, and not just as a profitable trade item. They used opium "as a useful means for breaking the moral resistance of Indonesians who opposed the introduction of their[Dutch] semi-servile but immensely profitable plantation system." In 1689, the English began trading at Canton and by the early 1770's they surpassed the Portuguese, Dutch and French to "became the leading supplier" to China. Because the Spaniards were allies of the America during the US War of Independence and thus no Spanish silver was available to pay for Chinese tea, the British monopolized the source of opium (India) and became the major trafficker. Later, increased competition and the hard facts that a tenth of the British tax base came from tea—and the tea came from China—gave an impetus for an increase in production and reduction in price of opium in the 1820s. "In other words; so that the British public could go on drinking their millions of gallons of tea each year, twice as many Chinese opium addicts (and for that matter, British opium addicts) had to be created." At first, it was thought in China that the English were buying the tea and rhubarb in such large quantities because the Chinese believed the British to be a constipated race because of their dietary inclusion of milk products.

Many historians discount the American activity in the opium trade, generally concentrating on the British and their mercantilist trading syndicate, the British East India Company. Because of the Navigation Act of 1651, Americans "were not permitted to sail their own ships to the Orient," they were required as colonists and subjects to buy all their Chinese goods in London from the East India Company. The East India Company’s monopoly on the tea trade was more of a reason for the American Revolution than the cost of the tax. Through a political arrangement the tea was actually coming in for less than it could be bought in England. But the agitation of Samuel Adams, Ben Franklin and others had led to situation where ships were sent back to England unloaded, some cargoes rotted other shipments were destroyed—ala, the Boston Tea Party.

American smugglers, many of them prominent merchants, were already buying tea and Chinese merchandise from the Dutch and others. Smuggling was big business. The actual "tea tax" paid officially some years was very low in relation to tea that was drank. After the revolution, Americans were free to embark on their own mercantile adventures and when the East India Company outlawed their own ships from carrying opium, in 1805, American companies jumped right in. The War of 1812 caused some interruption of the trade but after the war the Americans held a major portion of the trade for many years.

The first US ship in the China Trade was the Boston sloop Harriet; it had traded American ginseng for Chinese tea. It didn't even get all they way to China, it traded its goods off the Cape of Good Hope. The Empress of China was especially built for the trade by Philadelphia's Robert Morris and first set sail towards China on Washington's birthday, February 22, 1784. It took ginseng and brought back teas, spices, silks, porcelains and other general household goods. There was interest in the products, a good profit was made and the China trade was off and running. Ginseng, seal and sea otter furs, and sandalwood were used to trade with the Chinese. Soon these resources were depleted and a new barter item was needed in lieu of silver—which the fledgling US had little of. In the late 1790's Smyrna (Izmer, today), Turkey a major source for opium began to become port of call for Americans.

Until 1792 part of the Perkins family shipping business, along with their Cabot relations was the slave trade. In 1789 Thomas H. Perkins first went to China with Elias Derby from Salem, Massachusetts. A "loyalist" cousin, who fled America during the War of Independence, George Perkins was a merchant in Symrna. With a solid "connection", a strong family framework and firm financial backing Perkins & Company became the leader in the American pack. It was a family affair. Thomas H. was brother-in-law of Russell Sturgis, an uncle to J.P. Cushing and brothers John M. and Robert B. Forbes. Joshua Bates, a partner in Baring Brothers Bank, handled the family business in London. He was married to a Sturgis. Russell Sturgis's grandson later became Chairman of the Board of Barings.

Perkins & Co. found that illegality both in nature and operation discouraged competition and used sporadic attempts by the Chinese Government to enforce their opium prohibition, "to [build] the machinery that allowed it to control the Canton market for Turkish opium." Perkins & Company became the first American firm to operate a "storeship" at Lintin in a new smuggling procedure. The opium was unloaded onto the "storeship," then the trading vessel would travel on to Canton with chits. The chits were then sold and the opium was retrieved later by the Chinese buyer. Smooth as silk—all illegal—but bribes were paid and business was good.


Samuel Russell and Phillip Ammidon came to Canton in 1824, Russell having first been there in 1818 as a business representative for a merchant house out of Providence R.I. Ammidon went on to India to serve as the firm's opium buyer. In "a series of accidents and coincidental decisions" Russell & Company acquired a "virtual" monopoly on the American portion of the trade in the 1830's. Other eastern merchants failed, died, or retired like John Jacob Astor. Perkins & Company, resident partner in Canton, Thomas T. Forbes was drown in August of 1829, and he carried a letter which gave Russell "charge of the firm's [Perkin's] business."

In the 1830's the price of opium went down and shipments of opium to China went up. The decade started out with four times the shipments of 1820 and by 1838 over ten times. The opium clipper—introduced by the Americans—with its ability to sail against the monsoons made three round-trip journeys within one year instead of taking up to two years. Profits were huge and there was a large flow of silver being introduced from China into booming western economies. In early 1837 there was a price-crash in the opium market and the speculators losses reverberated around the world in a financial panic in which specie became scarce both in Britain and the US.

August Belmont came to New York City in 1837, a stopover on his way to Havana, but stayed on in Gotham, buying securities, debts and property during the "Panic of 1837." Many say he was acting as an agent for the Rothschilds. Also in 1837 George Peabody, an old "China" trader—among other ventures—settled in London and brought into his sphere JS Morgan, progenitor of JP Morgan. Many Bonesmen were partners and principals in Morgan-related firms.


Robert Bennet Forbes (1804-1889) c. 1846


In Robert B. Forbes's autobiography Personal Reminiscences (1882), he talks about talking a trip to visit "constituents" in Europe, in 1841. His uncle, merchant T.H. Perkins went with him. In London they met with Forbes, Forbes and Co, Barings and the Rothschilds, "who were valuable constituents of Russell & Co."

That RB Forbes was obliged to go back to China to make another "opium" fortune—having lost his last because of financial problems brought about by the panic—is to say the least— ironic.

The "Combination", Russell & Company and the Scotch firm Jardine-Matheson, the largest opium trader, together developed a new trade up and down the China coast—the romantic opium clipper—and helped to spread the use of the opium further in China. After the first "Opium War" Russell & Co. became the third largest dealer in opium in the world.



RB Forbes spent many years at the opium smuggling station off Lintin Island c. 1830s Anon.


British engaging the Chinese January 1841

The Opium Wars
I had not come to China for health or pleasure, and that I should remain at my post as long as I could sell a yard of cloth or buy a pound of tea.
--RB Forbes to Capt. C Elliot, British Superintendent of Trade in refusing to leave Canton during the 1st Opium War

Relations between the West and the China has always been strained. There was little from the West that the Chinese wished to buy and their emperor would only receive ambassadors as if they were tribute bearing vassals. Also in the highly structured Chinese social caste, merchants were very low and were not worthy of respect, let alone discourse at an official level. For many years dealings with Westerners were delegated to a few "Hong" merchants who paid for the "privilege" and had to vouchsafe their commercial dealings with the "white devils." High Commissioner Lin Tse-hsu came to Canton in 1839 with an order to "investigate the port affairs." The first edict against opium had come in 1729; another against smoking came in 1796. The trade had grown to 40,000 chests and growing by 1838. The novel, more soporific and addictive manner of smoking opium plus the encouragement of the trade by the British and others—for both economic and imperialistic motives—devastated all segments of Chinese society. Corruption and smuggling was rampant, creating apathy; and the opium trade was also draining China's treasury.


Comissioner Lin Tse-hsu c. 1850 anon.


Lin couldn't believe that opium was legal in Britain and wrote a letter to Queen Victoria to implore her aid in stopping the trade. He disrupted the local merchants and published new edicts against the use and importation of the drug. Lin demanded that all chests of opium be forfeit as contraband and all trading houses sign a bond, pledge to smuggle no more and become liable to Chinese law which included the death penalty. Through threats, a servant walkout, giant gongs that were rung all-night and other measures, Lin was able to collect over 20,000 chest of opium (about half of that year's Indian trade). Then under orders from the emperor, he destroyed it all.

This conflagration sparked the first Opium War, made huge profits for those firms that had held on to chests and left Russell & Company the only trading firm left open in Canton.

During that first Opium War, the Chief of Operations for Russell & Co. in Canton was Warren Delano, Jr., grandfather of Franklin Roosevelt. He was also the US vice-consul and once wrote home, "The High officers of the [Chinese] Government have not only connived at the trade, but the Governor and other officers of the province have bought the drug and have taken it from the stationed ships … in their own Government boats."


Wu Ping-chen or Howqua II, the leading "hong"
merchant—considered by some to be one of the
world's richest men at the time—was worth over
twenty-six million dollars in 1833.


The trading life started off rather spartan, but through the years many upscale amenities led to a pampered gentry lifestyle. Profits were huge and many fortunes were made. Warren Delano went home with one, lost it and then went back to China to get more. Russell Company partners included John Cleve Green, banker and railroad investor who made large donations to and was a trustee for Princeton; A. Abiel Low a shipbuilder, merchant and railroad owner who backed Columbia University; merchants Augustine Heard and Joseph Coolidge. Coolidge's son organized the United Fruit company, and his grandson, Archibald C. Coolidge, was a co-founder of the Council on Foreign Relations. Partner John M. Forbes "dominated the management" of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincey, with Charles Perkins as President. Other partners and captains included Joseph Taylor Gilman, William Henry King, John Alsop Griswold, Captain Lovett and Captain J. Prescott. Captain Prescott called on his friend and agent in Hong Kong F.T. Bush, Esq. frequently. Russell & Co. and Perkins & Co. families, relations and friends are well represented in the Order of Skull and Bones.

After the first Opium War, the port of Shanghai was opened up, with Russell & Co. as one of it first traders, and the Stars and Stripes was the first flag flown in the new concessions. In 1841 Russell & Company brought the first steam ship to the Chinese waters and continued to develop transportation routes—as long as opium made them profitable. They also were invoved with early railroad ventures in China.


Russell & Co. Shanghai Headquarters c.1890

Spanish traders had joined with American and British traders in the early decades of the 1800s and Manila in the Philippines harbored several trading houses. These were used as offshore support and subterfuges in the opium smuggling dealings and "posturing."

The discovery of gold in California brought more dynamics, increased clipper ship activity and a renewed impetus for transcontinental railroads—which were financed a great deal by opium profits from investors in America, Britain and Scotland.

The second Opium War led to the legalization of opium in China in 1858 and the "country traders" began to lose their control. They were smugglers warehousing the "product" offshore and trying to control the flow—for maximum profits. Once the product was legalized the Chinese and Indian merchants started to take over the trade. Russell & Co. and others because of their role as smugglers had not developed a structure to sell opium in inner China. The Chinese brokers could now just order opium as any commodity and the trade was transferred to firms with strong ties at the producing base, India, and the consuming behemoth, China. Russell & Co. formed the Shanghai Steam Navigation Company and by 1874 they had 17 steamships—the largest fleet in Shanghai. Russell & Co. sold the Shanghai Steam Navigation Company to the China Merchant’s Steam Navigation Company in 1877 and the American share of Chinese shipping dropped by 80%. Russell & Co. is listed in some sources as failing in 1891 with British and German firms taken over their business. The Chinese Government an associate of Russell & Co. in the coast and ocean trade "lost heavily." According to some, the Russell & Co. successor in Shanghai was Shewan & Tomes.


Charles A Tomes[r] and friends, Hong Kong(1896)


The legal opium import trade continued until the early 1920's when an Occidental moral backlash, official regulations and Chinese political turmoil put the trade in the hands of the Chinese government—and Chinese gangs. Out of the turbulence—many years later—came Nationalist Chinese leader Chaing Kai Shek. Some reasons for his success came from the backing he received from the Shanghai's narcotics trafficking Green Gang and his "political manipulation of the narcotics traffic, under the guise of an 'opium suppression campaign, "to finance both a political and an intelligence apparatus."

In the early part of twentieth century there were many changes in the opium trade. China and India reached an agreement for cessation of Indian opium imports. By 1920's opium had infiltrated every part of Chinese life, 90% of males in some provinces smoked, morphine was called "Jesus opium" because of its introduction by Western Missionaries as a cure for opium addiction. China was a country divided-up into many different political units with "control" ceded to Japan, America and various European nations.

A "prize" from the Spanish-American War, the US had taken control of the Philippines and soon declared opium illegal there. William H. Taft (S&B 1878) had a huge hand in the establishment of US narcotics laws. He exhorted Americans towards the formation of international "narcotics" control and prohibitions. There was also the formalization of an early relationship that Yale University had with China into the Yale-in-China program. Behind these movements one can discern influences of Bonesman such as Anson Phelps Stokes (S&B 1896) and others. Skull and Bones interest and participation in the Philippines is immense. More on these stories later.

China was importing massive amounts of heroin from Japan and was officially blaming the Japanese for its problem. Japan did use opiate production both for economic accumulation and as a political tool, especially in Manchuria. But the Chinese heroin trade was larger, by the late thirties over 85% percent of the world's heroin was coming from China headed towards Europe and the Americas. Chinese, Japanese, French Corsican, Arnold Rothestein’s Jewish-American, and Lucky Luciano's American-Sicilian crime syndicates were involved.

During WWII, Chiang was fighting both the Japanese and Communist and towards the end of the conflict in the opium dominated province of Yunnan an interesting group converge—the OSS, Chenault's Flying Tiger's and remnants of Chiang's Army, the KMT. Individuals included E. Howard Hunt, Lucien Conein, Mitch Werbel, Ray Clines, William Pawley, Paul Heilwell, Major John Singlaub and others.

Which leads us to some more interesting stories and—interesting Bonesmen.
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately

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Hollywood Censored: Morality Codes, Catholics, and the Movies‎ - Page 247
http://educationforum.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=13906
by Gregory D. Black - Social Science - 1996 - 352 pages

...The Nye Committee, as it was popularly known, opened it's hearings in September 1934. A parade of big businessmen and arms agents poured into Washington, D.C., to testify, The hearing took on a circus atmosphere when the three du Pont brothers, Irenee, Lammot, and Pierre, and their seven lawyers, led by Col. William J. (Wild Bill) Donovan, descended on Washington to answer questions about their involvement in international arms....


Quote

"A clique of U.S. industrialists is hell-bent to bring a fascist state to supplant our democratic government and is working closely with the fascist regime in Germany and Italy. I have had plenty of opportunity in my post in Berlin to witness how close some of our American ruling families are to the Nazi regime. . . .Certain American industrialists had a great deal to do with bringing fascist regimes into being in both Germany and Italy. They extended aid to help Fascism occupy the seat of power, and they are helping to keep it there."

-- William E. Dodd, U.S. Ambassador to Germany, 1937.

"Walter S. Carpenter, Jr." had been chairman of the finance committee of the Du Pont Corporation (1930-40). In 1933, Carpenter oversaw Du Pont's purchase of Remington Arms from Sam Pryor and the Rockefellers, and led Du Pont into partnership with the Nazi I.G. Farben company for the manufacture of explosives. Carpenter became Du Pont's president in 1940. His cartel with the Nazis was broken up by the U.S. government. Nevertheless, Carpenter remained Du Pont's president, as the company's technicians participated massively in the Manhattan Project to produce the first atomic bomb. He was chairman of Du Pont from 1948 to 1962, retaining high-level access to U.S. strategic activities.

Walter Carpenter and Prescott Bush were fellow activists in the Mental Hygiene Society. Originating at Yale University in 1908, the movement had been organized into the World Federation of Mental Health by Montague Norman, himself a frequen t mental patient, former Brown Brothers partner and Bank of England Governor. Norman had appointed as the federation's chairman, Brigadier John Rawlings Rees, director of the Tavistock Clinic, chief psychiatrist and psychological warfare expert for the British intelligence services. Prescott was a director of the society in Connecticut; Carpenter was a director in Delaware.

"Paul Mellon" was the leading heir to the Mellon fortune, and a long-time neighbor of Averell Harriman's in Middleburg, Virginia, as well as Jupiter Island, Florida. Paul's father, Andrew Mellon, U.S. treasury secretary 1921-32, had approved the transactions of Harriman, Pryor, and Bush with the Warburgs and the Nazis. Paul Mellon's son-in-law, "David K.E. Bruce," worked in Prescott Bush's W.A. Harriman & Co. during the late 1920s; was head of the London branch of U.S. intelligence during World War II; and was Averell Harriman's Assistant Secretary of Commerce in 1947-48.Mellon family money and participation would be instrumental in many domestic U.S. projects of the new Central Intelligence Agency.

"Carll Tucker" manufactured electronic guidance equipment for the Navy. With the Mellons, Tucker was an owner of South American oil properties. Mrs. Tucker was the great-aunt of "Nicholas Brady," later George Bush's Iran-Contra partner and U.S. treasury secretary. Their son Carll Tucker, Jr. (Skull and Bones, 1947), was among the 15 Bonesmen who selected George Bush for induction in the class of 1948.

"C. Douglas Dillon" was the boss of William H. Draper, Jr. in the Draper-Prescott Bush-Fritz Thyssen Nazi banking scheme of the 1930s and 40s. His father, Clarence Dillon, created the Vereinigte Stahlwerke (Thyssen's German Steel Trust) in 1926. C. Douglas Dillon made "Nicholas Brady" the chairman of the Dillon Read firm in 1971 and himself continued as chairman of the Executive Committee. C. Douglas Dillon would be a vital ally of his neighbor Prescott Bush during the Eisenhower administration....

....From the late 1940s, Jupiter Island has served as a center for the direction of covert action by the U.S. government and, indeed, for the covert management of the government. Jupiter Island will reappear later on, in our account of George Bush in the Iran-Contra affair.
All eyes are opened, or opening, to the rights of man. The general spread of the light of science has already laid open to every view the palpable truth, that the mass of mankind has not been born with saddles on their backs, nor a favored few booted and spurred, ready to ride them legitimately