***lots to learn about lofar and the ones like it...
***haarp news page 6 reply 227->
LOFAR - UKhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rTIdd13kyoA&feature=youtube_gdata_player
Haarp news page 7 reply 268->
Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory
***Current Research Activities...
-Research at the Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory includes the following on-going projects and international activities-
The Kilpisjärvi Atmospheric Imaging Receiver Array will be deployed in summer 2011. It is a broad-band VHF radio receiver, which can be used for atmospheric studies using transmissions from a range of radars in the vicinity as well as for radio astronomy within the LOFAR project.
The Sodankylä-Leicester Ionospheric Coupling Experiment (SLICE) is essentially a meteor radar deployed by the University of Leicester, UK, at Sodankylä and operated by the Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory.
NICE Negative Ion Chemistry Effects in mesospheric active heating experiments (NICE) is a project to quantify the role of the negative ion chemistry in the high-latitude mesosphere by combining optimised RF heating experiments in the ionospheric D region with detailed, coupled modelling of the ion-neutral chemistry.
Chemical Aeronomy in the Mesosphere and Ozone in the Stratosphere (CHAMOS) originated from the development of the Sodankylä ion-neutral chemistry model (SIC) at SGO, aims to study the effect of energetic particle precipitation (e.g. aurora) on the ozone budget of the mesosphere and stratosphere.
Sodankylä Ion-neutral Chemistry model (SIC); detailed computer model of the chemistry of the ionospheric D and E regions (50-120 km) developed at SGO.
THERMES Thermosphere and Mesosphere affecting the Stratosphere (THERMES) is a project for estimating cosequences of solar forcing on the mesosphere/lower thermosphere and their impacts on the stratosphere.
!!!Besides the on-going projects listed above, the main research areas of SGO are:
-General aeronomy and atmospheric chemistry...
-Incoherent scatter radar measurements and analysis...
-Development of radar and measurement theory...
-Applications of tomographic methods in ionospheric research...
-VLF measurements and analysis...
-Artificial effects in near_Earth space
Ionospheric heating experiments using the EISCAT Heating facility...
!SGO is part of the Center of Excellence in Inverse Problems!http://www.sgo.fi/Research/research.php?menulang=
-History of research topics in SGO in ionospheric and magnetospheric research:
-Before end of 1950's:
-Late 1950's and 1960's:
effects of nuclear explosions
auroral D and E regions
sunspot cycle variation in ionosphere radio aurora
absorption of cosmic radio noise
auroral particle precipitation
total electron content
devewlopment of riometer and ionosonde techniques
solar cycle variations
seasonal and diurnal variations and anomalies of absorption
extensive Es-layer studies
auroral absorption substorm
gravity waves anf F-layer
special absorption events
geomagnetic pulsations ands absorption
EISCAT development, measurement, observations, analysis
theoretical: formation of Es
ELF radio signals
solar and magnetic cycles
Polar Cap Absorption events
high resolutiopn observations by EISCAT
participation in large international campaigns
Ion chemistry modeling
applications of Statistical inversion theory
satellite radio tompography, optocal tomography
morphology of lower ionosphere
small scale structure of riometer absorption (IRIS)
long term trends
solar wind by EISCAT
man made VLF
heater induced VLF
substorms and VLF
ionospheric Alfvén resonator
morphology of short period pulsations
***Past Research Activities...
Coupling of Atmospheric Layers, a Research Training Network within the EU Framework V programme, involved institutes in seven European countries under the co-ordination of the Danish National Space Institute. The focus was the middle-atmospheric transient luminous events (TLEs), such as sprites, jets and elves. The Eurosprite campaigns still take place every year.
CUPP Centre for Underground Physics in Pyhäsalmi; international high energy physics project; the latest development out of our long-term activities in cosmic ray physics.
Night-time Emissions from the Mesosphere and Ionosphere was a Finnish-Swedish payload project for the EU-funded Hotel Payload (HotPay) 2 rocket, which was launched on January 31, 2008.
Solar energetic radiation and chemical aeronomy of the mesosphere was a project where the SIC model was extended to include GOES X-rays, applied in Eiscat and ionosonde studies of e.g. solar flares and a solar eclipse.
Space Processes and Electrical Changes Influencing Atmospheric Layers; a ESF Network for studying the interactions between space and weather with some emphasis on atmospheric electricity.
Grand Unified Incohrent Scatter Design and Analysis Package; a toolbox for planning and analysing incohrent scatter radar experiments; a spin-off of out involvement in the EISCAT Scientific Association.http://www.sgo.fi/Research/pastActivities.php
...Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory was established in 1913 by Finnish Academy of Science and Letters to perform geophysical measurements and research based on the observation results. Measurements of the Earth's magnetic field began on 1st January 1914. On 1st August 1997, the observatory became an independent research department of the University of Oulu...
...The Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory is located at 67° 22′ N, 26° 38′ E, which is 130 km north of Rovaniemi and 7 km south of Sodankylä, in the middle of Finnish Lapland at the banks of the river Kitinen...
...The Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory performs continuous measurements of the Earth's magnetic field, cosmic radio noise, seismic activities, and cosmic rays. The observatory operates two ionospheric radars and plays an active role in the scientific and technical research related to the EISCAT incoherent scatter radar system. An innovative measurement is the tomographic imaging of a 2-dimensional cross-section of the ionosphere from northern Norway to southern Finland. Altogether SGO runs measurements in 19 different locations from southern Finland to Svalbard...http://www.sgo.fi/Overview/overview.php
...Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory has been in operation since 1914...
Geomagnetic observations have been carried out regularly since 1914.
Seismic observations have been carried out at Sodankylä since 28th June 1956.
At Sodankylä regular vertical ionospheric soundings are carried out since 1st August 1957.
-Cosmic ray measurements-
Neutron monitor of the Oulu Cosmic Ray Station has been in routine operation since 1964.
Riometer measurements at Sodankylä began in 1970, and now SGO maintains the whole Finnish Riometer Chain.
ELF-VLF observations have been carried out only during special campaigns since 1989.
Pulsation observations at Sodankylä began in 1971. The Finnish Pulsation Magnetometer Chain is operated by SGO since 1999.
Aurora Borealis observations with digital All-Sky Camera are done since November 2000.
The Ionospheric Tomography Chain has been in operation since November 2002.
SGO operates three narrow-band VLF receiver stations within the AARDDVARK Network.
SGO hosts one of the stations of the Swedish-Finnish Infrasound Network. The station was moved from Uppsala in October 2006.
Sodankylä-Leicester Ionospheric Coupling Experiment (SLICE) operates a SKiYMET meteor radar at SGO since 2008.
Observations were started in Tähtelä when the SGO was established in 1914. Meteorological observatory under Finnish Meteorological Institute started in 1949.http://www.sgo.fi/Data/observations.php
HAARP Systems -Radars - Radio Telescope
Arecibo: Puerto Rico;
China Research Institute of Radiowave Propagation (CRIRP) :Xinjiang (Sinkiang) Region
Chernobyl 2: Russia
Cruzeiro Santa Bárbara, Sao Luis-MA, Brasil
Cutlass:Finland and Iceland
EAR; West Sumatra, Republic of Indonesia
Eiscat and Eiscat 3D: Tromsø,Norway; -Sweden-Finnland
Haarp: Gakona, Alaska;
Hipas: Chena Hot Springs, Alaska; is shut down 2009
Jindalee Operational Radar Network:Laverton, West Australia
Jindalee Operational Radar Network:Longreach, Queensland, Australia
Kwajalein, Marshall Islands
Lois: Southern Sweden.
Millstone Hill: North Chelmsford,Massachusetts,America:
Mu Radar Kyoto, Japan
National MST Radar Facility:Gadanki, near Tirupati, in southern Andra Pradesh, India
Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Nerc MST Radar Facility: Aberystwyth in west Wales (UK)
Nostradamus-Project:: France, betwen Dreux and Senonche in Département Eure et Loir.
São Luiz Space Observatory, Cruzeiro Santa Bárbara, Sao Luis-MA, Brasil
Sheshan, Shanghai, China
Platteville Atmospheric Observatory
Poker Flat Research Range:Near Chatanika, Alaska
SGO: Sodankylä Ionosonde, Finland
Stare: Scandinavian Twin Auroral Radar
SuperDarn:Super Dual Auroal Radar Network
SURA: Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia;
Tesla Generators in a Forest::Sychëvka, Moskovskaya Oblast,Russia
Unidentified Research and Development Facility-3 :Baikal-1, Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan
Zhong Shan Antarctic Polar Station (China)http://fraktali.biz/chemtrail/haarp_scandinavia.html