Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World

Author Topic: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World  (Read 56820 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Online chris jones

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 21,464
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #80 on: March 04, 2015, 09:44:53 PM »
The  Phoenician 's were seafaring over one millennium BC. The folks were not the mutts we we taught about in the public schools system. History continues to amaze me..The truth of it that is.
 Hand made vessels that sailed the seas, these people had courage Inc & knowledge not spoken of by the authoritarian educational  system.
 there are more mystery's on the earth than in all the heavens. We aren't privy to them.
Seems to me we are on a par with mushrooms-  kept in a closet and fed Sh**t.
 The govs and elite have the real deal well hidden. Think Vatican Vaults for a second, one of the most secure areas on earth.    WHY?
 

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #81 on: March 09, 2015, 03:40:50 PM »
http://www.archaeology.org/news/3067-150309-israel-cave-cache
Caver Discovers 2,300-Year-Old Silver Stash in Israel
Monday, March 09, 2015

JERUSALEM, ISRAEL—A member of the Israeli Caving Club discovered a cache of valuable objects while exploring a stalactite cave in northern Israel and reported his find to the Israel Antiquities Authority (IAA). Two silver coins minted during the reign of Alexander the Great; silver signet rings, bracelets, and earrings; and eight white and black agate beads stored in a small clay oil lamp are thought to have been placed in a cloth pouch before being hidden in a niche in the cave.

“The valuables might have been hidden in the cave by local residents who fled there during the period of governmental unrest stemming from the death of Alexander, a time when the Wars of the Diadochi broke out in Israel between Alexander’s heirs following his death,” according the a statement made by the IAA and reported by CNN.

http://www.cnn.com/2015/03/09/middleeast/israel-ancient-treasure-found-in-cave/index.html
Cavers find treasure from era of Alexander the Great in Israel


The two silver coins were minted during the reign of Alexander the Great, who conquered the region in the late fourth century B.C. On one side of the coin is an image of Alexander the Great, while on the other side is an image of Zeus sitting on his throne, arm raised as if ready to wield his fearsome lightning bolts. The coins allowed archaeologists to date the find.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wars_of_the_Diadochi
The Wars of the Diadochi (or Wars of Alexander's Successors), (Greek: Πόλεμος των Διαδόχων, Polemos ton Diadochon) were a series of conflicts fought between Alexander the Great's generals over the rule of his vast empire, after his death. They occurred between 322 and 275 BC.
...
When Alexander the Great died (June 10, 323 BC), he left behind a huge empire that was in essence composed of many independent territories. Alexander's empire stretched from his homeland of Macedon itself, along with the Greek city-states that his father had subdued, to Bactria and parts of India in the east. It included Anatolia, the Levant, Egypt, Babylonia, and Persia.


The distribution of satrapies in the Macedonian empire after the settlement in Babylon 323 BC
,,,

| - - -

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cleopatra_of_Macedon
Cleopatra of Macedon (Greek: Κλεοπάτρα; c. 357 BC – 308 BC), or Cleopatra of Epirus, was an Epirote-Macedonian princess and later queen regent of Epirus. The daughter of Philip II of Macedon and Olympias of Epirus, she was the only full sibling of Alexander the Great. Her other siblings include half sisters Thessalonike and Cynane, and half brother Philip III of Macedon.

| - - - -
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hellenistic_period
The Hellenistic period is the period of ancient Greek and Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the emergence of the Roman Empire as signified by the Battle of Actium in 31 BC[1] and the subsequent conquest of Ptolemaic Egypt the following year ...

| - - -

http://www.livius.org/di-dn/diadochi/diadochi.htm
Alexander's successors: the Diadochi

Diadochi ('successors'): name of the first generation of military and political leaders after the death of the Macedonian king and conqueror Alexander the Great in 323. To settle the question whether his empire should disintegrate or survive as a unity, and, if so, under whose rule, they fought four full-scale wars. The result, reached by 300, was a division into three large parts, which more or less coincided with Alexander's possessions in Europe, Asia, and Egypt.
During the next quarter of a century, it was decided whether these states could endure. As it turned out, there were no great territorial changes, although there were dynastic changes. After 280, the period of state-forming came to an end.

....

http://www.livius.org/di-dn/diadochi/diadochi_t11.html
The invasion of the Gauls
 
 Just when the situation in the hellenistic empires seemed to be stabilized, the Galatians invaded Greece. The deepest cause was the collapse of the kingdom that had once been Lysimachus': when this king was killed in 281, the tribes in the buffer zone in the north sided with the barbarous Galatians, who now found the way to the south open. These Galatians belonged to the La T�ne-culture, which is often called 'Celtic'.

The story is told by Pausanias (Guide for Greece 10.19.4-23.9); his source may or may not be Hieronymus of Cardia. The translation was made by Peter Levi.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galatians_(people)
The Galatians were a Celtic people that dwelt mainly in the north central regions of Asia Minor or Anatolia, in what was known as Galatia, in today's Turkey. In their origin they were a part of the great Celtic migration which invaded Macedon, led by Brennus. The original Celts who settled in Galatia came through Thrace under the leadership of Leotarios and Leonnorios c. 278 BC. These Celts consisted mainly of three tribes, the Tectosages, the Trocmii, and the Tolistobogii, but they were also other minor tribes. They spoke a Celtic language, the Galatian language, which is sparsely attested.

In the 1st century AD, many of them were Christianized by Paul the Apostle's missionary action. One of the Epistles of Paul the Apostle in the Bible (New Testament) is addressed to Galatian Christian communities (Epistle to the Galatians).


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galilee
According to the Hebrew Bible, Galilee was named by the Israelites and was the tribal region of Naphthali and Dan, at times overlapping the Tribe of Asher's land.[1] However, Dan was dispersed among the whole people rather than isolated to the lands of Dan, as the Tribe of Dan was the hereditary local law enforcement and judiciary for the whole nation.[2][non-primary source needed] Normally,[when?] Galilee is just referred to as Nafthali.


http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/303091/Jesus-Christ
Jesus Christ, also called Jesus of Galilee ... Jesus was a Galilean from Nazareth, a village near Sepphoris, one of the two major cities of Galilee (Tiberias was the other).
 
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NIFSsaoAzj4
An Scannán Íosa - Ghaeilge / Gaeilge / Gaelic Gaeilge The Jesus Film - Irish / Gaelic Irish Language

| - - -

http://www.nytimes.com/2001/12/25/science/archaeologists-find-celts-in-unlikely-spot-turkey.html
Archaeologists Find Celts In Unlikely Spot: Turkey
By JOHN NOBLE WILFORD 
Published: December 25, 2001

In storybook histories, the ancient city of Gordion is remembered only as the seat of King Midas, he of the golden touch, and the place where Alexander the Great struck a famous blow in legend and metaphor. Challenged to separate the strands of an impossible knot, the Gordion knot, the conqueror cut through the problem, in the manner of conquerors, with one authoritative swing of his sword.

After Midas and Alexander, Gordion languished on the fringes of history, and until recently archaeologists had taken little notice of its Celtic past. Yes, European Celts -- the Gauls of Roman times and the forerunners of Bretons, Welsh, Irish and highland Scots -- once migrated as far east as what is now central Turkey and settled in and around post-Alexander Gordion, beginning in the early third century B.C.

Archaeologists say they have now excavated artifacts and architectural remains dispelling any lingering doubt that the Celts were indeed there, as a few classical texts had recorded in passing. These people called themselves Galatai, a Celtic name for tribal warriors, and became known to the Romans as Galatians. Their Christianized descendants were advised by the apostle Paul, in the New Testament, that ''whatsoever a man soweth, that shall he also reap.''

...
Even though the date of the buried skeletons is in some doubt, Dr. Voigt's team said, ''their treatment is undoubtedly linked to ritual practices that began in third-century Gordion and would represent continuity of Celtic traditions'' after the town became part of a Roman province.

Nearly all these people appeared to have met violent ends, with strangulation by hanging or garroting the most usual cause. Several had broken necks and spines. A woman, probably 30 to 45 years old, had a fractured skull, and was also strangled. Below her lay the bones of a younger woman, who seems to have been done in by the two heavy grinding stones weighing down her upper body. In the same pit, the bones of two young children were mixed in an apparently deliberate way. Among other switches, the jaw of an older child was placed with the cranium of the younger one.

Archaeologists concluded that all of these people were presumably ''sacrificed.
'' They might have been war captives. Traces of wood in the base of a skull suggested that a person's severed head had been mounted on a pole for display. Some victims might have been killed as part of Celtic divination rituals. Texts recount that Celtic religious leaders, the druids, were prophets who killed humans in order to discern the future as revealed by the dying victims' movements.

In another part of the lower town, archaeologists came upon the largest bone deposit, holding more than 2,000 animal bones and those of a few dismembered humans. Three individuals -- a man of about 40, a woman of 35 and a child under 8 -- might have been a family. This might have been the scene of a feast associated with the Celtic celebration of Samhain, around Nov. 1. Based on their age at death, the animals were probably slaughtered in the fall, the time for culling herds before winter. Some humans could also have been cooked for the feast.

''It may not be too far a stretch to associate Bone Cluster 3 with this Celtic festival, which we still celebrate as Halloween,'' Dr. Voigt and her colleagues wrote.
...
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #82 on: June 10, 2015, 11:01:55 PM »
The first "white" humans were probably a great rarity ... and then probably used in shamanistic rituals ... finally creating a tribe of  people of their own and with there own rituals and ways ...

http://geogenetics.ku.dk/latest-news/modern-european/
10 June 2015

When modern Eurasia was born

BRONZE AGE GENETICS Modern European and Central Asian peoples are genetically speaking not more than a couple of thousand years old. It was during the Bronze Age that the last major chapters were written in the story of the genetic past of Europe and central Asia. How it happened has been intensively debated among archaeologists. In a study lead by the Centre for GeoGenetics, geneticists and archaeologists from Gothenburg University have generated the largest ancient genomic study to date, and in doing so established how the foundation for modern Europe and Central Asia was laid. Their results are published in the scientific journal Nature




Yamnaya skull from the Samara region coloured with red ochre. (Photo: Natalia Shishlina).

....

One of the main findings from the study is how these migrations resulted in huge changes to the European gene-pool, in particular conferring a large degree of admixture on the present populations. Genetically speaking, ancient Europeans from the time post these migrations are much more similar to modern Europeans than those prior the Bronze Age.

Mobile warrior people

The re-writing of the genetic map began in the early Bronze Age, about 5,000 years ago. From the steppes in the Caucasus, the Yamnaya Culture migrated principally westward into North- and Central Europe, and to a lesser degree, into western Siberia. Yamnaya was characterized by a new system of family and property. In northern Europe the Yamnaya mixed with the Stone Age people who inhabited this region and along the way established the Corded Ware Culture, which genetically speaking resembles present day Europeans living north of the Alps today.


http://www.biblebasics.co.uk/colours/col13.htm


'adam' meaning dyed red, red or ruddy. To grow red or to emit (show) redness.
'adom' meaning red or ruddy (of man, horse, heifer, garment, water, lentils)


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ochre

Red ochre, Fe2O3, takes its reddish color from the mineral hematite, which is an anhydrous iron oxide.
...
According to some scholars, Neolithic burials used red ochre pigments symbolically, either to represent a return to the earth or possibly as a form of ritual rebirth, in which the color symbolizes blood and the Great Goddess.[5]

| - - - 

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-31695214
Genomes document ancient mass migration to Europe
2 March 2015
 From the section Science & Environment
 
DNA analysis has revealed evidence for a massive migration into the heartland of Europe 4,500 years ago.

Data from the genomes of 69 ancient individuals suggest that herders moved en masse from the continent's eastern periphery into Central Europe.

These migrants may be responsible for the expansion of Indo-European languages, which make up the majority of spoken tongues in Europe today.


An international team has published the research in the journal Nature.

Prof David Reich and colleagues extracted DNA from remains found at archaeological sites around the continent. They used a new DNA-enrichment technique that greatly reduces the amount of sequencing needed to obtain genome-wide data.

Their analyses show that 7,000-8,000 years ago, a closely related group of early farmers moved into Europe from the Near East, confirming the findings of previous studies.

The farmers were distinct from the indigenous hunter-gatherers they encountered as they spread around the continent. Eventually, the two groups mixed, so that by 5,000-6,000 years ago, the farmers' genetic signature had become melded with that of the indigenous Europeans.

But previous studies show that a two-way amalgam of farmers and hunters is not sufficient to capture the genetic complexity of modern Europeans. A third ancestral group must have been added to the melting pot more recently.

Prof Reich and colleagues have now identified a likely source area for this later diaspora. The Bronze Age Yamnaya pastoralists of southern Russia are a good fit for the missing third genetic component in Europeans.
...

| - - - -

http://www.snpedia.com/index.php/Rs1426654
Rs1426654

This SNP influences skin pigmentation. The allele, A111T, rs1426654(A), indicates light-skinned european ancestry. [PMID 16847698, PMID 16357253]

It appears as if this SNP is a relatively new one in human evolution; one estimate [PMID 17182896] is that the rs1426654(A) allele, in other words, light skin pigmentation, spread through the European population around 6,000 - 12,000 years ago. Prior to that, "European ancestors" were most likely relatively brown-skinned. Another study ([PMID 24048645OA-icon.png]) has concluded that almost all individuals carrying the A111T variant can trace ancestry back to a single person who most likely lived at least 10,000 years ago.

This SNP is one of three from the SLC24A5 gene that can be analyzed to categorize the ancestry of a person as either European, African, or Asian, based on a 2009 study.[PMID 19440451]


The 3 SNPs are:

    rs1426654
    rs2555364
    rs16960620

| - - - - -

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/heres-how-europeans-quickly-evolved-lighter-skin-180954874/?no-ist
Here’s How Europeans Quickly Evolved Lighter Skin

... New analysis of ancient European genes shows that other traits we associate with modern Europeans, such as tallness and the ability to digest milk, are also relatively recent additions to the continent’s genetic profile.

...
The new study adds to this growing pile of evidence. Gibbons reports that the researchers found that Europeans probably couldn’t have digested milk until about 4,300 years ago. And the story of skin pigmentation is complex. She writes:

[T]he new data confirm that about 8500 years ago, early hunter-gatherers in Spain, Luxembourg, and Hungary also had darker skin: They lacked versions of two genes—SLC24A5 and SLC45A2—that lead to depigmentation and, therefore, pale skin in Europeans today.

But in the far north—where low light levels would favor pale skin—the team found a different picture in hunter-gatherers: Seven people from the 7700-year-old Motala archaeological site in southern Sweden had both light skin gene variants, SLC24A5 and SLC45A2. They also had a third gene, HERC2/OCA2, which causes blue eyes and may also contribute to light skin and blond hair. Thus ancient hunter-gatherers of the far north were already pale and blue-eyed, but those of central and southern Europe had darker skin.

...

| - - - -

http://www.newhistorian.com/humans-in-europe-only-recently-developed-light-skin/3431/
Humans in Europe Only Recently Developed Light Skin
osted By: Daryl WorthingtonPosted date: April 07, 2015

A  new study has revealed that humans living in Europe had dark skin for the majority of the time they have inhabited the continent.

The study, presented at the 84th annual meeting of the American Association of Anthropologists (AAAS), suggests that many of the characteristics associated with European genetics are a recent development in the broader history of human evolution and migration. Led by Dr. Iain Mathieson from Harvard University, the international team of researchers analysed 83 human gene samples collected as part of the ‘1000 Genomes Project’ (an initiative designed to sequence the genomes of a large number of people and allow public access to the data for scientific research).

Focusing on two genes, SLC24A5 and SLC45A2, which are responsible for de-pigmentation and pale skin, the team studied samples taken from a wide range of ancient populations spread across different periods and different locations.

...

Migration from the Near East is believed to have been responsible for the arrival of the genes associated with lighter skin pigmentation. As these farmers first came to the continent their interbreeding with the existing inhabitants saw the SLC24A5 gene spread through central and southern Europe, leading to lighter skin pigmentation in those regions. As the AAAS reports: “As they (farmers from the Near East) interbred with the indigenous hunter-gatherers, one of their light-skin genes swept through Europe, so that central and southern Europeans also began to have lighter skin. The other gene variant, SLC45A2, was at low levels until about 5800 years ago when it swept up to high frequency.”
/...

In northern Europe however, the situation seems to have been different. Remains studied from Southern Sweden were found to have the gene variants responsible for lighter skin and blonde hair as far back as 7,700 years ago, indicating the inhabitants of Northern Europe had light skin and eyes before the migration from the Near East.
...
The focus of the study was the process and rate of natural selection in Europe. By successfully charting the timing and spread of the SLC24A5 and SLC45A2 genes, the study has raised some fascinating questions. Exactly why the change in skin pigmentation occurred when it did is unclear, while the speed at which natural selection took place was much faster than typically expected.

For more information: www.biorxiv.org

| - - - - -

http://www.pnas.org/content/109/6/1889.full
Use of red ochre by early Neandertals

Abstract

The use of manganese and iron oxides by late Neandertals is well documented in Europe, especially for the period 60–40 kya.
Such finds often have been interpreted as pigments even though their exact function is largely unknown. Here we report significantly older iron oxide finds that constitute the earliest documented use of red ochre by Neandertals. These finds were small concentrates of red material retrieved during excavations at Maastricht-Belvédère, The Netherlands. The excavations exposed a series of well-preserved flint artifact (and occasionally bone) scatters, formed in a river valley setting during a late Middle Pleistocene full interglacial period. Samples of the reddish material were submitted to various forms of analyses to study their physical properties. All analyses identified the red material as hematite. This is a nonlocal material that was imported to the site, possibly over dozens of kilometers. Identification of the Maastricht-Belvédère finds as hematite pushes the use of red ochre by (early) Neandertals back in time significantly, to minimally 200–250 kya (i.e., to the same time range as the early ochre use in the African record).

Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Offline Libertarian Perspective

  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 789
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #83 on: June 11, 2015, 06:48:45 AM »
The post above is typical BBC propaganda in trying to justify the existence of the myth that is indo-european language and the so called original migration from the near east when in reality it was the other way around. The Carpato-Danubian cultures of Cucuteni/Trypolie/Karnovo flourised thousands of years before these "indo-europeans" they had their own language and writing, they had cities and trade with the Asia Minor.
If you want to know more read the below document.
https://www.dropbox.com/s/me1b3uckvhtluxy/Civilization%20in%20the%20Carpathians%281%29.pdf?dl=0
“Good luck to him. I don’t blame him at all, but I just
wish he had not hit me so hard. I know he had to protect
his property, and I probably would have done the
same thing in his position. This has certainly stopped
me committing any more crime.” - British burglar elaborating robbery

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #84 on: March 27, 2016, 03:06:32 PM »
Again the ancient retrovirus' HERV's inside our dna ... (see page one of this thread)

http://www.uofmhealth.org/news/archive/201603/more-ancient-viruses-lurk-our-dna-we-thought

March 22, 2016
Media Contact: Kara Gavin 734-764-2220
More ancient viruses lurk in our DNA than we thought
One whole endogenous retrovirus genome -- and bits of 17 others -- were spotted in a study of 2,500 human genomes

...

Nineteen new pieces of DNA -- left by viruses that first infected our ancestors hundreds of thousands of years ago -- have just been found, lurking between our own genes.

And one stretch of newfound DNA, found in about 50 of the 2,500 people studied, contains an intact, full genetic recipe for an entire virus, say the scientists who published their findings today in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

...

The study looked at the entire span of DNA, or genome, from people from around the world, including a large number from Africa -- where the ancestors of modern humans originated before migrating around the world. The team used sophisticated techniques to compare key areas of each person’s genome to the “reference” human genome.

...

The findings add to what science already knows about human endogenous retroviruses, or HERVs. That’s the name for the ancient infectious viruses that inserted a DNA-based copy of their own RNA genetic material into our ancestors’ genomes. They’re part of the same type of virus that includes the modern human immunodeficiency virus, which causes AIDS.

...

The new HERVs are part of the family called HERV-K. The intact whole viral genome, or provirus, just found was on the X chromosome; it’s been dubbed Xq21. It’s only the second intact provirus found to be hiding in human DNA.
In the researchers’ own words:

“This one looks like it is capable of making infectious virus, which would be very exciting if true, as it would allow us to study a viral epidemic that took place long ago,” says senior author and virologist John Coffin, Ph.D. of the Tufts University School of Medicine. “This research provides important information necessary for understanding how retroviruses and humans have evolved together in relatively recent times.”

...

Kidd says. “There have been a number of examples of other HERVs that insert themselves next to human genes or near them, and have impact on their expression. We’re interested in applying these methods to find other types of viral or mobile element insertions.”
...

Many of the genomes they examined were from the 1000 Genomes Project, an international collaboration. Another set of genomes came from work Kidd and colleagues at Stanford University had done as part of the Human Genome Diversity Project, with a focus on DNA samples from African volunteers.

These latter samples showed more signs of HERVs, in line with the high level of genetic diversity in African populations. That diversity stems from the longtime stability and intermixing of the continent’s population – as opposed to other populations in Europe, Asia and the Americas that stem from specific out-migrations in ancient times.

Cataloging all the HERV insertions in humans will require even more scanning of whole human genomes, which are becoming easier to come by as technology improves and becomes less expensive. And although intact proviruses lurking in our DNA may be rare, the impact of other HERV sequences on our health or disease is probably not.

The research was funded by the National Institutes of Health (OD009154, CA089441, GM112339) as well as the American Cancer Society and the F.M. Kirby Foundation.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #85 on: May 29, 2016, 07:00:32 PM »
thread worthy ...

http://www.archaeology.org/news/4494-160526-phoenician-dna-sequenced
Phoenician DNA Sequenced
Thursday, May 26, 2016

CARTHAGE, TUNISIA—Scientists have completely mapped the genome of the "Young Man of Byrsa,” a Phoenician who lived 2,500 years ago, and whose remains were discovered outside Carthage in 1994, reports the Independent.

The Phoenicians were an influential seafaring people who originated in Lebanon around 1500 B.C. and then colonized much of the Mediterranean, including what is now Tunisia, where they founded Carthage.

The team, co-led by University of Otago geneticist Lisa Matisoo-Smith, found that the man had a rare mitochondrial haplogroup that is thought to have originated 20,000 to 25,000 years ago among European hunter-gatherer populations.

His DNA most closely matched that of a modern-day Portuguese person, and the researchers speculate that the Young Man of Byrsa's maternal ancestry lay somewhere on the Iberian Peninsula, not in North Africa or the Near East, as might have been expected.

The team hopes further research on Phoenician DNA will reveal more about ancient migration and exchange patterns. To read more about Phoenicians, go to “History’s 10 Greatest Wrecks: Bajo de la Campagna.”

http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/archaeology/dna-sequencing-of-ancient-phoenician-remains-could-make-us-reconsider-the-history-of-human-movement-a7048046.html

...

They found it contained an extremely rare type of genome sequence, known as U5b2c1, which is almost unknown among modern populations. The research has now been published in the scientific journal Plos One.

“This is first example of an ancient Phoenician genome,” Professor Lisa Matisoo-Smith, co-leader of the study, told The Independent. The DNA was found on the site of Byrsa, a citadel close to the ancient city of Carthage, which now just outside Tunis, Tunisia.
...

However, the U5b2c1 sequence has not been found in modern Lebanon. Just one person - in Portugal - has been found to carry exactly the same genome


...
To find European lineage in North Africa dating from 2,500 years ago was “very unexpected”, the professor said. The scientists were expecting to find DNA of indigenous North African lineage, because of the location, or from the Near East, because of the history of Carthage.
...

This is the earliest European lineage recorded in North Africa, so in a way it not only helps us understand Phoenician history, but also makes people [re]think about the history of human mobility,” said Prof Matisoo-Smith.
[/b]
...

Similarly to Roman Britain, although several hundred years earlier, the research shows Phoenician cities were diverse and often moved with trade networks.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #86 on: May 29, 2016, 07:16:07 PM »
The post above is typical BBC propaganda in trying to justify the existence of the myth that is indo-european language and the so called original migration from the near east when in reality it was the other way around. The Carpato-Danubian cultures of Cucuteni/Trypolie/Karnovo flourised thousands of years before these "indo-europeans" they had their own language and writing, they had cities and trade with the Asia Minor.
If you want to know more read the below document.
https://www.dropbox.com/s/me1b3uckvhtluxy/Civilization%20in%20the%20Carpathians%281%29.pdf?dl=0

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coliboaia_Cave
Coliboaia Cave (Romanian: peștera Coliboaia, pronounced [koliˈbo̯aja]) is located in Apuseni Natural Park, Câmpani, Bihor County, Romania.
It contains the oldest known cave paintings of Central Europe,[1] radiocarbon dated to 32,000 and 35,000 BP,[2][3]  corresponding to the Aurignacian and Gravettian cultures of the Paleolithic period.[4]

The Coliboaia Cave was first mentioned in history before 1900, but it was never extensively investigated until 1981 by Gabor Halasi. This cave was not well known until September 2009, when they found prehistoric cave paintings. It then became protected by the Romanian Federation of Speleology. Situated on a western slope of Sighestel Valley, the cave sits at an altitude of 560 meters. It has a medium sized entrance and a portal that is oriented east to west.
...
On the right wall, there is a drawing of a bison. The picture is 1.43-2.02 meters above the ground and is made of bluish-gray lines. On the left side, a head of a black rhino is illustrated 58-89 centimeters above the floor. A consistent element to these drawings is that they are heads of animals, not full figures. The time of origin of the pictures is unknown. Archaeologists’ estimates vary from the Early/MIddle Upper Paleolithic (29000-23000 BP) to the Aurignacian Period (35000-29000 BP). The lack of bears and rhinos pictured in the cave, however, contradicts such because those animals were scarce during these time periods. Furthermore, the drawings do not appear to be completely uniform. This suggests they were not all done at the same time
...
see: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prehistory_of_Transylvania
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #87 on: July 30, 2016, 01:12:33 PM »
http://www.archaeology.org/news/4689-160729-rice-japonica-indica
Ancient Rice DNA Sequenced
Friday, July 29, 2016

OXFORD, ENGLAND—It had been previously believed that the first rice grown in northern China, Japan, and on the Korean peninsula was only of the sticky japonica variety, which requires cultivation in dry fields.

But a team led by Masahiko Kumagai of the University of Tokyo obtained DNA from carbonized rice ranging in age from 900 to 2,800 years old found at archaeological sites in Japan and Korea. The scientists then compared the genomes of the ancient rice samples to a database of more than 200 cultivated and wild rice DNA samples from around the world.

They found that some of the ancient grains seemed to be more similar to the indica variety of rice, which has a long grain, grows submerged in water, and is usually associated with the tropics.

This suggests that the crops were moved long distances.

Michael Purugganan of New York University told The Christian Science Monitor that early farmers may have tried to grow “everything they could get their hands on,” until they developed a crop that adapted well to the environment. To read about the earliest evidence for tea drinking in China, go to "The Price of Tea in China."
...

| - - -

http://www.csmonitor.com/Science/2016/0727/Scientists-probe-ancient-grains-of-rice-and-are-surprised-by-what-they-find
Scientists probe ancient grains of rice and are surprised by what they find
Scientists sequenced the DNA of ancient grains of rice from Japan and the Korean peninsula in search of clues into the mysterious history of the staple food.

...

The rice farmed in archaic Japan and on the Korean Peninsula was surprisingly diverse, according to the team's paper published Tuesday in the journal Molecular Biology and Evolution. And this suggests that the cultivated crops were being moved long distances.
...

Understanding that rice could have been being traded among far-flung civilizations over 2,000 years ago could help scientists better understand how domestic rice has evolved.

"The picture we're getting is that the story of rice is much more complicated than we had originally thought," Michael Purugganan, the Dean for Science at New York University who was not part of the study, tells the Monitor in a phone interview.
...
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #88 on: August 10, 2016, 01:10:11 PM »
https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/aug/08/viking-traders-took-easy-to-ride-horses-around-the-world-dna-suggests
Viking traders spread comfy-to-ride horses around the world, DNA suggests

Ancient DNA reveals ambling horses, comfortable to ride over rough roads, first appeared in medieval England, and were spread worldwide by Vikings


The Vikings might have been fearsome, bearded and hardy but it seems that when it came to horses, they liked to travel in comfort.

Research has revealed that the genetic mutation for a smooth ride first appeared in horses in medieval England and was later spread around the world by Viking traders.

Described, for riders, as being akin to sitting in a comfy chair, ambling gaits are particularly suited to lengthy rides over rough roads. But while all horses can walk, trot and gallop, the ability to amble is only found in certain breeds of horses, among them the Icelandic pony.

The trait, as the scientists had previously discovered, is down to a mutation in a single gene, a genetic variant dubbed the “gait keeper”, which also allows horses to adopt another gait - the pace.

Now the team have discovered where and when the mutation first appeared.

“As far as we know today, ambling horses originated in early medieval England and spread around Eurasia within a few centuries,” said Arne Ludwig, lead author of the research from the Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research in Berlin.

Writing in the journal Current Biology, the international team of researchers describe how they looked at ancient DNA from 90 horses that lived between 6000 BC and 1000 AD in countries across Europe and Asia. The researchers found that there was no trace of the gait keeper mutation in horses that lived before the 9th century AD, with its first appearance cropping up in two English horses that lived in York around 850-900 AD.
...
Instead, they suggest that the trait first appeared in English horses which were then taken to Iceland and later distributed around the world, with these horses selectively bred because of their comfortable gait - a boon in the days of rough tracks and long journeys on horseback.

The spread of the trait, was most likely down to the Vikings, who not only had a strong presence in York and other regions in the north of England during the late 9th and early 10th centuries, but also settled in Iceland and had established trade routes to many other countries. “Thus ambling horses might have been introduced to Asia by Vikings during their journeys to the Caspian Sea and the Middle East,” the authors write.
...

| - - -

http://www.cell.com/current-biology/fulltext/S0960-9822(16)30752-7
The origin of ambling horses


DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2016.07.001
Summary

Horseback riding is the most fundamental use of domestic horses and has had a huge influence on the development of human societies for millennia. Over time, riding techniques and the style of riding improved. Therefore, horses with the ability to perform comfortable gaits (e.g. ambling or pacing), so-called ‘gaited’ horses, have been highly valued by humans, especially for long distance travel. Recently, the causative mutation for gaitedness in horses has been linked to a substitution causing a premature stop codon in the DMRT3 gene (DMRT3_Ser301STOP) [1] . In mice, Dmrt3 is expressed in spinal cord interneurons and plays an important role in the development of limb movement coordination [1] . Genotyping the position in 4396 modern horses from 141 breeds revealed that nowadays the mutated allele is distributed worldwide with an especially high frequency in gaited horses and breeds used for harness racing [2] . Here, we examine historic horse remains for the DMRT3 SNP, tracking the origin of gaitedness to Medieval England between 850 and 900 AD. The presence of the corresponding allele in Icelandic horses (9th–11th century) strongly suggests that ambling horses were brought from the British Isles to Iceland by Norse people. Considering the high frequency of the ambling allele in early Icelandic horses, we believe that Norse settlers selected for this comfortable mode of horse riding soon after arrival. The absence of the allele in samples from continental Europe (including Scandinavia) at this time implies that ambling horses may have spread from Iceland and maybe also the British Isles across the continent at a later date.



| - - - -


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B6H4sUpmWzU
The 5 gaits of the icelandic horse

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vh4IaBApe-k
Ambling Pleasure 4.11.09


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eoQe6ZOh2H4
How horse got funny walk Ancient DNA traces root ambling gait medieval England
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #89 on: August 11, 2016, 04:11:41 PM »
https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2016/aug/11/400-year-old-greenland-shark-is-the-oldest-vertebrate-animal
400-year-old Greenland shark is the oldest vertebrate animal



Greenland Shark, which would have reached sexual maturity at around 150 years, sets new record for longevity as biologists finally develop method to determine age

She was born during the reign of James I, was a youngster when René Descartes set out his rules of thought and the great fire of London raged, saw out her adolescent years as George II ascended the throne, reached adulthood around the time that the American revolution kicked off, and lived through two world wars. Living to an estimated age of nearly 400 years, a female Greenland shark has set a new record for longevity, scientists have revealed

The discovery places the lifespan the Greenland shark far ahead of even the oldest elephant in captivity, Lin Wang, who died aged 86.
It is also far longer than the official record for humans, held by 122-year-old Frenchwoman Jeanne Louise Calment.

“It kicks off the bowhead whale as the oldest vertebrate animal,” said Julius Nielsen, lead author of the research from the University of Copenhagen, pointing out that bowhead whales have been known to live for 211 years.

But the Greenland shark doesn’t scoop all the gongs - the title of the world’s longest lived animal is held by Ming, an Icelandic clam known as an ocean quahog, that made it to 507 years before scientists bumped it off.
...
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #90 on: September 10, 2016, 12:36:10 PM »
Unwrapping A 2000 Year Old Red Haired Elongated Baby Skull In Paracas Peru https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NN9SNn9PgHg

Sep 5, 2016 Brien Foerster

DNA RESULTS AT THIS LINK: https://hiddenincatours.com/dna-results-elongated-skulls-paracas-part-1-4-baby/

EUROPEAN DNA!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Elongated Skulls DNA Results Reveal NEW SPECIES Brien Foerster 2016 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6b5BrvMy6kA

Aug 19, 2016 Adept Initiates

ELONGATED SKULLS OF PARACAS DNA REST RESULTS ARE IN...


Shocking! Former World Banker Says “Second Species” Controls Earth http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=261488.0

World Banker Says Second Species Controls Earth - Homo Capensis http://forum.prisonplanet.com/index.php?topic=269937.0

very interesting ...

https://hiddenincatours.com/dna-results-elongated-skulls-paracas-part-1-4-baby/

DNA testing of the baby Paracas was conducted in the Lakehead University lab in Canada, as well as perhaps one or two other labs in the United States. The results that came back showed only one discernible haplogroup present, that of U2e1. This haplogroup is not associated with Native Americans, but WITH proto-Germanic and proto-Balto-Slavic speakers! Contamination has been ruled out.



This would indicate that the Paracas ancestors that had the haplogroup U2e1 haplogroup did not cross the Bering land bridge with the Native Americans, but likely sailed to the coast of Peru from Europe, the Middle East or possibly India, at least 3000 years ago. The full DNA results and analysis can be found in the DVD Watchers 10, available HERE.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #91 on: September 11, 2016, 02:36:17 PM »
The work of cave men ...  Orkney Islands - in the middle of NO WHERE ...  just after the GREAT ICE AGE ... hmmm...

http://www.scotsman.com/heritage/people-places/neolithic-tomb-in-orkney-to-close-over-safety-fears-1-4224833



Maeshowe, the biggest and most impressive of Orkney's prehistoric chambered cairns, attracts around 25,000 visitors annually. Picture: Donald MacLeod

The temporary closure has been ordered because of ­dangers in accessing the site, with visitors using its car park having to cross one of the Orkney mainland’s busiest roads.

HES has been monitoring safety issues relating to vehicle movements around the 5,000-year-old tomb and the neighbouring 19th century Tormiston Mill, and concluded there are significant risks to staff and visitors that cannot currently be overcome.



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maeshowe
Maeshowe (or Maes Howe; Norse: Orkhaugr[1]) is a Neolithic chambered cairn and passage grave situated on Mainland, Orkney, Scotland. It was probably built around 2800 BCE. It gives its name to the Maeshowe type of chambered cairn, which is limited to Orkney.

Maeshowe is a significant example of Neolithic craftsmanship and is, in the words of the archaeologist Stuart Piggott, "a superlative monument that by its originality of execution is lifted out of its class into a unique position."[2] The monuments around Maeshowe, including Skara Brae, were designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1999.



| - - - -

https://www.visitscotland.com/blog/heritage/neolithic-orkney-why-orkney-is-the-centre-of-great-britain/
Why Orkney is the centre of ancient Britain (Guardian)
by James Boyle- October 8, 2012

There was a great article posted over at the Guardian website on the weekend written by Robin Mckie, who travelled north to uncover the treasures on offer in Neolithic Orkney – which are estimated to have been formed before Egypt’s pyramids.

Throughout the article Robin highlights the cultural significance of the ancient sites in Orkney:

What is clear is that the cultural energy of the few thousand farming folk of Orkney dwarfed those of other civilisations at that time. In size and sophistication, the Ness of Brodgar is comparable with Stonehenge or the wonders of ancient Egypt.

London may be the cultural hub of Britain today, but 5,000 years ago, Orkney was the centre for innovation for the British isles. Ideas spread from this place. The first grooved pottery, which is so distinctive of the era, was made here, for example, and the first henges – stone rings with ditches round them – were erected on Orkney. Then the ideas spread to the rest of the Neolithic Britain. This was the font for new thinking at the time.

see:
 https://www.theguardian.com/science/2012/oct/06/orkney-temple-centre-ancient-britain?newsfeed=true
Neolithic discovery: why Orkney is the centre of ancient Britain
...

The people of the Neolithic – the new Stone Age – were the first farmers in Britain, and they arrived on Orkney about 6,000 years ago. They cultivated the land, built farmsteads and rapidly established a vibrant culture, erecting giant stone circles, chambered communal tombs – and a giant complex of buildings at the Ness of Brodgar.

The religious beliefs that underpinned these vast works is unknown, however, as is the purpose of the Brodgar temples.
...
"This wasn't a settlement or a place for the living," says archaeologist Professor Colin Richards of Manchester University, who excavated the nearby Barnhouse settlement in the 1980s . "This was a ceremonial centre, and a vast one at that. But the religious beliefs of its builders remain a mystery."

...
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #92 on: November 23, 2016, 04:43:02 PM »
http://www.livescience.com/56972-shrine-of-viking-king-discovered.html
Altar of Miracle-Making Viking King Discovered in Norway
By Stephanie Pappas, Live Science Contributor |  November 22, 2016 03:04pm ET

The original shrine to a Viking-king-turned-saint has been discovered in Norway, archaeologists say.

The Norwegian Institute for Cultural Heritage Research (NIKU) announced Nov. 11 that its researchers had discovered the foundations of a wooden church where the body of King Olaf Haraldsson was taken immediately after he was declared a saint in 1031. St. Olaf, as he is now known, conquered and consolidated Norway in 1016 but held on to rule for a little more than a decade before his power was threatened by Canute I, king of Denmark and England. Olaf died in the Battle of Stiklestad in 1030.
...

The site is in Trondheim, where Olaf was buried after his death in battle. After locals began circulating stories about miracles credited to the dead king, his grave was opened, and his body was found to be miraculously well preserved, according to church teachings. The local bishop declared him a saint and reinterred his body in St. Clement's Church.

It's this church that NIKU archaeologists believe they have now uncovered. They found stone foundations, and even a small rectangular platform made of rock on the building's east end, believed to be the base of the church's altar. This altar may have been the High Altar of the church built over St. Olaf's new grave.

"This is a unique site in Norwegian history in terms of religion, culture and politics," excavation director Anna Petersén said in a statement. "Much of the Norwegian national identity has been established on the cult of sainthood surrounding St. Olaf, and it was here [where] it all began!" The pope would confirm St. Olaf's local canonization as a saint in 1164.
...

Now, archaeologists say they've found a key location in the king's posthumous journey from martyr to Norway's patron saint. [25 Grisly Archaeological Discoveries]
...

Olaf's run in power crumbled soon after, when the then-king of England and Denmark, Canute I, resolved to reconquer Norway. Olaf was forced to flee to Russia in 1028; he returned in 1030 to try to win back the throne, but died instead.

Some contemporary sources report that he was murdered or unceremoniously killed in an ambush. The Norse saga Heimskringla, which was written 200 years after the fact, tells a more valorous tale of the king leading an army into battle and dying in hand-to-hand combat, with Thorir Hund, one of the leaders of the resistance to Olaf's reign, delivering the final death blow.
...
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #93 on: April 22, 2017, 11:17:06 AM »
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2017/04/21/ancient-stone-carvings-confirm-comet-struck-earth-10950bc-wiping/
Ancient stone carvings confirm how comet struck Earth in 10,950BC, sparking the rise of civilisations
By Sarah Knapton,  Science Editor 
 21 April 2017 • 11:25am   


The Vulture Stone from Gobekli Tepe (left) which recorded a devastating comet strike (right

Ancient stone carvings confirm that a comet struck the Earth around 11,000BC
, a devastating event which wiped out woolly mammoths and sparked the rise of civilisations

Ancient stone carvings confirm that a comet struck the Earth around 11,000BC, a devastating event which wiped out woolly mammoths and sparked the rise of civilisations.

Experts at the University of Edinburgh analysed mysterious symbols carved onto stone pillars at Gobekli Tepe in southern Turkey, to find out if they could be linked to constellations.

The markings suggest that a swarm of comet fragments hit Earth at the exact same time that a mini-ice age struck, changing the entire course of human history.
 
Scientists have speculated for decades that a comet could be behind the sudden fall in temperature during a period known as the Younger Dryas. But recently the theory appeared to have been debunked by new dating of meteor craters in North America where the comet is thought to have struck.

However, when engineers studied animal carvings made on a pillar – known as the vulture stone – at Gobekli Tepe they discovered that the creatures were actually astronomical symbols which represented constellations and the comet.

The idea had been originally put forward by author Graham Hancock in his book Magicians of the Gods.

Using a computer programme to show where the constellations would have appeared above Turkey thousands of years ago, they were able to pinpoint the comet strike to 10,950BC, the exact time the Younger Dryas begins according to ice core data from Greenland.

The Younger Dryas is viewed as a crucial period for humanity, as it roughly coincides with the emergence of agriculture and the first Neolithic civilisations.


Before the strike, vast areas of wild wheat and barley had allowed nomadic hunters in the Middle East to establish permanent base camps. But the difficult climate conditions following the impact forced communities to come together and work out new ways of maintaining the crops, through watering and selective breeding. Thus farming began, allowing the rise of the first towns.
...

But despite the ancient age of the pillars, Dr Sweatman does not believe it is the earliest example of astronomy in the archaeological record.

"Many paleolithic cave paintings and artefacts with similar animal symbols and other repeated symbols suggest astronomy could be very ancient indeed," he said.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #94 on: April 29, 2017, 12:04:07 PM »
https://www.wired.com/2017/04/130000-year-old-mastodon-threatens-upend-human-history/
A 130,000-Year-Old Mastodon Threatens to Upend Human History
AUTHOR: ERIC NIILER. ERIC NIILER   SCIENCE  DATE OF PUBLICATION: 04.26.17.
04.26.17

IN 1993, CONSTRUCTION workers building a new freeway in San Diego made a fantastic discovery. A backhoe operator scraped up a fossil, and scientists soon unearthed a full collection of bones, teeth, and tusks from a mastodon. It was a valuable find: hordes of fossils, impeccably preserved. The last of the mastodons—a slightly smaller cousin of the woolly mammoth—died out some 11,000 years ago.

But the dig site turned out to be even more revelatory—and now, with a paper in the journal Nature—controversial. See, this site wasn’t just catnip for the paleontologists, the diggers who study all fossils. It soon had archaeologists swooping in to study a number of stone tools scattered around the bones, evidence of human activity. After years of debate over the dating technology used on the mastodon, a group of researchers now believes that they can date it and the human tools to 130,000 years ago—more than 100,000 years earlier than the earliest humans are supposed to have made it to North America.
....

The researchers expect a bit of controversy from a discovery that pushes back the arrival of humans in North America by a factor of ten. Nature itself put together this video featuring a leading British critic of the paper. Still, lead author Steven Holen, co-director of the Center for American Paleolithic Research is confident that his colleagues have done their homework. “I was skeptical myself,” he says. “But it’s definitely an archaeological sit.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HyfSsgCrjb0
The first Americans: Clues to an ancient migration

Published on Apr 26, 2017
An archaeological site in California may have opened up a whole new chapter in the history of humans in the Americas. Researchers claim the site shows evidence of humans interacting with the bones of a mastodon, an ice age relative of elephants and mammoths. New dating suggests the site may be 130,000 years old – 100,000 years earlier than the accepted date for the first human colonisation of the Americas.

Read the paper here: http://nature.com/articles/doi:10.1038/nature22065

And a News & Views article here: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v544/n7651/full/544420a.html

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2017/04/26/humans-americas-discovery-mastodon-bones/100924148/
Ancient humans may have reached Americas 100,000 years earlier than thought
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5

Online TahoeBlue

  • Global Moderator
  • Member
  • *****
  • Posts: 17,736
Re: Mystery Humans - Lord of the Rings type World
« Reply #95 on: May 01, 2017, 03:37:46 PM »
http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/extreme-3500-year-old-nordic-grog-was-booze-choice-vikings-1432694
Nordic and Viking civilisations drank an "extreme hybrid beverage" known as Grog around 3,500 years ago, scientists have discovered.



Nordic people created an alcoholic drink made from local ingredients
such as honey, bog myrtle, juniper, resin and barley, as well as grape wine imported from southern or central Europe.

Published in the Danish Journal of Archaeology, researchers led by Patrick E. McGovern, from the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, found evidence of this ancient boozy beverage inside pottery and bronze drinking vessels and strainers from sites in Denmark and Sweden.
...

| - - - -

https://www.thelocal.dk/20170426/danish-vikings-may-have-made-their-own-wine
Danish Vikings 'may have made their own wine'
26 April 2017
12:24 CEST+02:00

New research suggests the Vikings indulged in a bit of viticulture.


Studies of grape pips point to wine production in Denmark during the time of the Vikings.

The Vikings liked alcohol, but while it is easy enough to grow crops and produce beer in the Danish climate, wine is a different challenge and was thought to have always been imported from southern parts of Europe to northern countries.

But new research has showed that at least one of the two oldest grape cores found in Denmark was grown locally, reports science news site Videnskab.dk.

Results of the analysis could be the final piece of evidence needed to prove that wine was produced in Denmark during the Viking era, says the report.
...

Henriksen himself discovered the two centuries-old wine pips in a sample of earth at the site of a Viking settlement at Tissø. Analysis of the pips found one to date from the Viking era and the other from the Iron Age.

No evidence of grapes in Denmark prior to the Middle Ages was previously known.

Henriksen sent the pips to the National Museum, where they underwent strontium isotope tests similar to those that confirmed Danish preserved bodies the Skydstrup girl and the Egtved girl originated from geographical areas further south in Europe.

The tests showed that the Viking era grape was probably grown on Zealand, reports Videnskab.dk.

“Before we only had suspicions, but now we can see that they actually had grapes and therefore the resources to produce [wine] themselves. Suddenly it all becomes very real,” professor Karin Margarita Frei of the National Museum told Videnskab.dk.
Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not thou the chastening of the Almighty: For he maketh sore, and bindeth up: he woundeth, and his hands make whole ; He shall deliver thee in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil touch thee. - Job 5