THE PRINCIPALITY OF SEALAND-Guy starts his own country by occupying sea platform

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Offline phosphene

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http://www.sealandgov.org/index.html






History Of Sealand

During World War II, the United Kingdom decided to establish a number of military bases, the purpose of which was to defend England against German air raids. These sea forts housed enough troops to man and maintain artillery designed to shoot down German aircraft and missiles. They were situated along the east coast of England on the edge of the English territorial waters.

One of these bases, consisting of concrete and steel construction, was the famous royal fort Roughs Tower situated slightly north of the estuary region of the Thames River. In contrast to the original plan to locate the tower within the sovereign territory of England, this fortress was situated at a distance of approximately 7 nautical miles from the coast, which is more than double the then applicable 3 mile range of territorial waters; to put it briefly, this island was situated in the international waters of the North Sea.

After WWII ended, the troops were withdrawn from all bases by the British Admiralty. None of them was ever used by the United Kingdom again, leaving the forts deserted and abandoned. Except for the aforementioned fortress, the bases were subsequently pulled down. This resulted in the portentous uniqueness of the fortress. Fort Roughs Tower, situated at the high seas, had been deserted and abandoned, res derelicta and terra nullius. From a legal point of view, it therefore constituted extra-national territory.

The Birth of Sealand

This paved the way for occupation. On 2 September 1967, former English major Paddy Roy Bates formally occupied the island and settled there with his family. After intensive discussions with skillful English lawyers, Roy Bates proclaimed the island his own state. Claiming jus gentium, he bestowed upon himself the title of Prince and the title of Princess to his wife and subsequently made the state the Principality of Sealand. Roy Bates, henceforth Roy of Sealand, exerted state authority on the island and thus was an absolute sovereign. The royal family and other persons that have declared loyalty to Sealand have occupied Sealand ever since.

Initial Challenge to Sealand's Sovereignty

By late 1968, the British navy had become aware of the new situation off the coast of England. They were interested in terminating the state of affairs brought about by an error committed by the most senior military authorities without causing too much uproar.

Units of the navy entered the territorial waters claimed by Roy of Sealand. As he was aware of his sovereignty, Roy of Sealand threatened the navy by undertaking defensive activity. Shots were fired from Sealand in warning.

Since Roy of Sealand was still an English citizen, he was thus accused of extensive crimes in Britain and was summoned to an English court. The result of this lawsuit in Chelmsford, Essex was a spectacular success for Sealand's claim to sovereignty. In its judgment of 25 November 1968, the court declared that it was not competent in Roy of Sealand's case as it could not exert any jurisdiction outside of British national territory. This is the first de facto recognition of the Principality of Sealand. English law had ruled that Sealand was not part of the United Kingdom, nor did any other nation claim it, hence Prince Roy's declaration of a new Sovereign State was de facto upheld.

Building a New Nation

Seven years later on 25 September 1975, Roy of Sealand proclaimed the Constitution of the Principality. Over time, other national treasures were developed, such as the flag of the Principality of Sealand, its national anthem, stamps, as well as gold and silver coins launched as Sealand Dollars. Finally, passports of the Principality of Sealand were issued to those who had helped Sealand in some way, though they were never for sale.

Sealand Fights Off Invaders (and Wins a War)

In August of 1978, a number of Dutch men came to Sealand in the employ of a German businessman. They were there to discuss business dealings with Sealand. While Roy was away in Britain, these men kidnapped Prince Roy's son Michael, and took Sealand by force. Soon after, Roy recaptured the island with a group of his own men and held the attackers as prisoners of war.

During the time that he held the prisoners, the Governments of the Netherlands and Germany petitioned for their release. First they asked England to intervene in the matter, but the British government cited their earlier court decision as evidence that they made no claim to the territory of Sealand. Then, in an act of de facto recognition of Sealand's sovereignty, Germany sent a diplomat directly to Sealand to negotiate for the release of their citizen.

Roy first released the Dutch citizens, as the war was over, and the Geneva Convention requires the release of all prisoners. The German was held longer, as he had accepted a Sealand Passport, and therefore was guilty of treason. Prince Roy, who was grateful that the incident had not resulted in a loss of life, and did not want to bloody the reputation of Sealand, eventually released him as well.

Extension of Territorial Waters

On 1 October, 1987, Britain extended its territorial waters from 3 to 12 nautical miles. The previous day, Prince Roy declared the extension of Sealand's territorial waters to be a like 12 nautical miles, so that right of way from the open sea to Sealand would not be blocked by British claimed waters. No treaty has been signed between Britain and Sealand to divide up the overlapping areas, but a general policy of dividing the area between the two countries down the middle can be assumed. International law does not allow the claim of new land during the extension of sea rights, so Sealand's sovereignty was safely "grandfathered" in. Britain has no more right to Sealand's territory than Sealand has to the territory of the British coastline that falls within its claimed 12 nautical mile arc.

Some nations might have tried to use this as an excuse to try to claim all of the territory of the weaker and not well recognized nation regardless of international law, however, this has not been the case. Britain has made no attempt to take Sealand, and the British government still treats it as an independent State. Prince Roy continues to pay no British National Insurance during the time he resides on Sealand subsequent to a ruling by the British Department of Health and Social Security's solicitor's branch. Also, there was another fire arms incident in 1990 when a ship strayed too near Sealand and warning shots were again fired. The ship's crew made complaints to British authorities and a newspaper article ran detailing the incident. Yet despite Britain's severe prohibition of firearms, British authorities have never pursued the matter. This is a clear indication that Britain's Home Office still considers Sealand to be outside their zone of control.
"A strange game. The only winning move is not to play."--Joshua

Offline phosphene

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http://www.fruitsofthesea.demon.co.uk/sealand/factfile.html






    * Sealand is located in the southern part of the North Sea some six miles off the coast of Britain and from sixty-five to one hundred miles from the coasts of France, Belgium, Holland and Germany; Latitude 51.53 N, Longitude 01.28 E (see map).
    * Sealand was founded as a sovereign Principality in 1967 in what had been international waters. Principal and Sovereign: Roy of Sealand.
    * The Law of Sealand is based on British Common Law and British Law of Contract.
    * Passports and stamps have been in circulation since 1969.
    * The Sealand flag is red, white and black.
    * The official language of Sealand is English.
    * One Sealand Dollar = one US Dollar
    * Within a radius of five hundred miles of Sealand live more than two hundred million people who enjoy some of the highest living standards in the world. This area also encompasses the financial and industrial heart of Europe.
    * The Principality of Sealand is unique. There is nothing in the world like it and it is certain that there never will be again. The potential of the whole enterprise is enormous.
    * SEALAND STATE CORPORATION was formed some years ago under a Charter that gave the Corporation total authority under its Board of elected Senators to administer and to govern the island. It was established before the Principality extended its territorial limits to 12 miles and during that time:
          o The Corporation passed all the Laws and statutes and owned the land and resources of Sealand.
          o The Corporation assisted in the development of all Sealand potential and assets in such manner as it decided.
          o Within the territory of Sealand and the three miles of territorial waters bounding the island, the Corporation ensured that Sealand law was absolute and Sealand was accountable to nobody for the enforcement of its laws within this area.
          o Sealand was declared a Free Trade zone and no Customs duties or Gaming restrictions were to be imposed.
    * Further development of the Principality gave rise to the publication of a formal Constitution which established its own government and structure. This Constitution was signed into force in the late 1990's and since that time its government has been managed by Bureaux concerned with External Affairs, Internal Affairs, and Posts and Telecommunications. Matters of State are dealt with by the Office of the Head of State.
    * The institution of the formal Constitution merely regularised the 'pioneering days' of the Principality at a time when the State Corporation was charged with national development; no changes of note in the practical application of Law were made under the new structure.
    * Sealand remains a unique country, able to offer much to the international commercial community.
    * Easy and economical access to Sealand from Europe and Scandanavia is available, since the established ferry routes that ply to and from the United Kingdom intersect its territorial waters as they pass some three miles from the island, carrying freight and thousands of passengers daily.

The Principality's government Web site, www.sealandgov.org, contains up-to-date information and contact details. Further information may be obtained from:

Bureau for External Affairs
SEALAND 1001
Sealand Post Bag
FELIXSTOWE IP11 9SZ
UNITED KINGDOM
e-mail: burext@sealandgov.org
"A strange game. The only winning move is not to play."--Joshua

Offline TRY

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List of micronations

The following is intended as a comprehensive list of micronations that are documented in both online and offline third-party sources as having some form of interaction with the real world, or which have had some manner of impact on real world events. These entities are generally not recognized as states by established sovereign states.



Official title   Flag   Founded   Description
Aerican Empire      1987   Eccentric tongue-in-cheek micronation founded by Canadian Eric Lis as a child, and maintained for the several decades since. Makes humorous to claims various terrestrial and interplanetary territories.
Aeterna Lucina      1978   Australian micronation founded by a self-proclaimed baron. Claimed various properties owned by its founder in New South Wales as its territory. Several associated businessmen were charged in 1990 with land and visa fraud.
Akhzivland      1952   Micronation in Israel founded by a hippy and former sailor named Eli Avivi. It consists of a coastal enclave, formerly part of the Arab village of Akhzib, whose 10,000 residents were expelled during the 1948 war. Akhzivland is tolerated by Israeli authorities.[1] [2]
Atlantis      1970s   Project by US based libertarians to build independent ship Liberty and anchor her in the Caribbean Sea. The ship sank in a hurricane and the project ended.
Atlantium      1981   Global sovereignty group based in Sydney.
Aramoana      1980   Small New Zealand community declared itself independent to protest the building of an aluminium smelter on nearby land.
Avram      1980s   Non-territorial micronation founded by an eccentric self-proclaimed "duke" who was later elected to the Tasmanian state parliament.
Bjorn Socialist Republic      2005   A self-proclaimed state of about six square metres located on a stone "that looks like a tractor" in Lake Immeln, Scania, Sweden. Web site: republic.thebjorn.com. Recognized by: Ladonia.[3][4][5][6]
Bolsón      1910s   A micronation in the valley of El Bolsón. The German-Chilean immigrant Otto Tip was the president.[7]
British West Florida      2005   A micronation intending to revive the former British colony of the same name.[citation needed]
Conch Republic      1982   A group claiming tongue-in-cheek independence from the US in protest at a blockade established by the United States Border Patrol at the upper end of the Florida Keys. Has participated in similar subsequent protests, but mainly exists as a means of attracting tourists to the Keys.
Copeman Empire      2003   Run from a caravan park in Norfolk, England, by its founder Nick Copeman, who changed his name by deed poll to HM King Nicholas I.[8][9]
Coral Sea Islands      2004   Established as a symbolic political protest by a group of gay rights activists based in southeast Queensland Australia.
Elleore      1944   Tongue-in-cheek micronation founded by a group of school teachers as a summer camp on the island of Elleore, Denmark.
EnenKio      1994   Claims Wake Atoll in the Marshall Islands, and has been deemed a scam for selling passports and diplomatic papers.
Frestonia      1977   Freston Road in West London staged a "secession" from the United Kingdom as Frestonia. Actor David Rappaport was the Foreign Minister.
Hay-on-Wye      1977   A town in Wales which was declared "independent" by bibliophile Richard Booth as a publicity stunt. Booth's success in promoting Hay as a "town of books" were recognised with the award of an MBE in the 2004 Queen's New Year Honours.
Humanity      1878   A former micronation, occupying the Spratly Islands, which merged into the Republic of Morac-Songhrati-Meads in September 1963.
Hutt River      1970   A large farm in Western Australia that unilaterally seceded from the Commonwealth and declared itself to be a sovereign nation. Known as Hutt River Province until 2007.
Indian Stream      1800s (early)   A town on US/Canadian border whose status was unclear after Treaty of Paris and whose locals claimed independence. The claim was eventually resolved, and the town is now Pittsburg, New Hampshire.
Kalla Islands, Maakalla and Ulkokalla      1771   A set of islands near coast of Finland at Gulf of Bothnia between Finland and Sweden. Governed autonomously by fishermen since 1771 on basis of a statute granted by the then King of Sweden, Adolph Frederik. The statute officially grants the supreme jurisdiction on the islands to the Islet Council. The Kalla Islands haven't sought recognition as an independent state, however, and the autonomous area de facto follows the laws of Finland.[10]
Kniphausen      1810   A barony within the Duchy of Oldenburg, now part of Germany, whose sovereignty was accidentally omitted from a treaty of 1810 that surrendered Oldenburg to France, enabling Kniphausen's ruler to sell navigation rights. Reabsorbed into the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg by 1855.[citation needed]
Kugelmugel      1984   A ball-shaped house built by artist Edwin Lipburger, currently located in the Vienna Prater.[11]
Ladonia      1980   Micronation created by Swedish artist Lars Vilks as the home to sculptures created by him in the Kullaberg nature reserve in north-west Skåne.
Lovely      2004   Humorous internet-based micronation founded by Danny Wallace as part of the BBC TV series How to Start Your Own Country; jokingly claims the flat of its creator as sovereign territory.
Lundy      1925   An island off the west coast of England, which had historically (1100-1200s AD) had semi-independent status or claimed independence from England under various warlords. Between 1925 and 1931 its owner declared himself King and minted coins but did not declare formal independence. Was treated as outside English territory for customs purposes for some time.
Marlborough      1993   Short lived micronation in Australia. Property-owner declared his farm an independent country to try and avoid eviction after bankruptcy. Was evicted less than a week later by police, and later prosecuted. Has since abandoned any claim of independence.
Melchizdek      1986   The Dominion of Melchizedek (DoM) is a micronation known largely for facilitating large scale banking fraud in many parts of the world.
Minerva      1973   Attempt to build an artificial island and form new libertarian country. Created new land on Minerva Reef, south of Fiji, but the island was seized and annexed by Tonga shortly afterwards.
Molossia      1977   Micronation founded by Kevin Baugh, occupying his semi-rural residential acreage in Nevada. Run semi-humorously as a dictatorial banana-republic.
Morac-Songhrati-Meads      1959   A present day micronation, claimed to occupy the Spratly Islands. The territory is currently under de facto military control by China, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam, since the discovery of oil in 1968. These countries along with Brunei each have a territorial claim on the islands.
New Utopia      1990s   A proposed micronation based on libertarian principles to be built on platforms in the Caribbean Sea. It was founded by American entrepreneur Lazarus Long. The project's current status is questionable.
Northern Forest Archipelago      1998   Environmentally-focused micronation located in the northeastern United States of America and consisting of multiple discontiguous privately-owned properties in the Northern Forest area of New York State.[citation needed]
Nova Roma      1998   An international organization of Roman revivalists who claim to be a modern Roman nation and have the administrative structure of the ancient Roman Republic. Nova Roma explicitly states that they aren't a micronation but a "civitas" or "res publica"; their organization, however, fits all the requirements for being classified as such.
Other World Kingdom      1996   An Absolute monarchy/Matriarchy with strong BDSM themes, in which women rule over all men. Located in the Czech Republic.
Perloja      1918   Located in Varena district, Perloja village, Lithuania. Had its own court, police, prison, currency (Perloja Litas), and an army of 300 men.
Rainbow Creek      1979   Farmer who "seceded" from Victoria over damage to farmlands caused by flooding he claimed was exacerbated due to incompetence of the state government water management agency.
Redonda      1865   A small uninhabited island in the Caribbean sea, now legally part of Antigua and Barbuda. In 1865, a citizen of Montserrat was supposedly permitted by Queen Victoria to claim the title of King of Redonda, as long as he did not incite any revolt against colonial authority. The title of King has had multiple claimants since 1969.
Islands of Refreshment      1811   The Tristan da Cunha archipelago, settled and declared sovereign by Jonathan Lambert but annexed by the United Kingdom after his death.
Romkerhall      1988   A small hotel in the Harz Mountains, Germany. Linked to a former German noble. Has minted numerous coins.[citation needed]
Rose Island      1968   Attempt to create a sovereign state on an offshore platform in intenational wates near Italian city of Rimini. Was completed, but shortly afterwards seized by the Italian government and destroyed with explosives.
Saugeais      1947   An officially-sanctioned tongue-in-cheek micronation located in eastern France, in the département of Doubs.
Sealand      1967   World War II military facility consisting of a man-made structure located off the English coast which was occupied and declared to be an independent state by Paddy Roy Bates. Possibly the world's best-known micronation.
Seborga      954   A town in the Italian region of Liguria that claims to never have been a part of the modern Italian state.
Sulu and Sabah      1823   Claiming to be the legitimate successor of the historical Sultanate of Sulu, and ruler of Sulu archipelago (in the Philippines) and Sabah (a state in Malaysia).[12]
Sunda      Unknown   Claims to be the legitimate modern-day successor of the ancient Kingdom of Sunda, in exile in Switzerland.[13][14]
Talossa      1979   A micronation founded as a bedroom kingdom by Milwaukee, Wisconsin resident Robert Ben Madison. Madison claims to have coined the term "micronation". Prior to his departure in 2005 the group split into a separate "Kingdom of Talossa" and "Republic of Talossa".
Tavolara      1836   A tiny island off the northeast coast of Sardinia, recognized as a kingdom by Charles Albert of Sardinia and never formally annexed by Italy. Now a nature preserve.
Trinidad      1893   An island in the South Atlantic, declared a military dictatorship by James Harden-Hickey but subsequently annexed by Brazil.
Kingdom of Valtio      2006   An 50 m2 area in a forest located at Posio, Finland, founded by Ari Peltonen as a joke. Radio Helsinki and Helsingin Sanomat follows what happens in the state. Valtio means state in finnish.
Vikesland      2005   A micronation located in Manitoba, Canada. Founded for the purposes of a TV documentary about micronations. Claims two properties in and near the town of Brandon.
Waveland      1997   Sited on a rocky islet in the North Atlantic, known as Rockall. Greenpeace occupied the Rockall, dedclaring it an independent nation, to protest oil drilling in the area. They offered citizenship to anyone willing to pledge allegiance. In 1999, the company sponsoring the experiment collapsed and Rockall was vacated.
Wendland      1980   German anti-nuclear protest in the Wendland, reoccupied by thousands of policemen after a few weeks. Ongoing protests near Gorleben.[citation needed]
Westarctica      2001   Micronation claiming all of western Antarctica. Minted numerous coins.[citation needed]
Whangamomona Republic      1989   Tongue-in-cheek micronation created for as tourism booster, and based in rural New Zealand town of the same name. Elected a goat as its president.


http://www.worldlingo.com/ma/enwiki/en/List_of_micronations

Here's link dump to extinct states

http://www.worldlingo.com/ma/enwiki/en/List_of_extinct_states

...

 Motivations for the creation of micronations include theoretical experimentation, political protest, artistic expression, personal entertainment and the conduct of criminal activity.[2] Micronations can also exist in various forms, including in the physical world (on land, at sea and in outer space), online, in the minds of their creators—or some combination of these. Some micronations issue coins, flags, postage stamps, passports, medals, and other items.

http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_micronations?wasRedirected=true
 
"The UN-natural STATE of AR-chem-SAS"
           -=-=--==--========✈
                         :(;)
 hBaRIUM aCLOUDSa RNUCLEAR pSKIES
          fRacking eaRthquakes

Offline phosphene

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Elected a goat as its president.
 
lol! thats awesome.
"A strange game. The only winning move is not to play."--Joshua

Offline thinkingman

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omg you can become a Lord/Lady or Baron/Baroness.

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Offline EvadingGrid

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International law is at best crazy, it certainly attracts the crazies...  :o

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