This is just to document Rockefeller's / Bilderbergers in or close to the Kennedy Administration
Update: The short list - Bilderberger's directly connected to the Kennedy Administration (or Senator or Congressman):Acheson, Dean
- Kennedy called upon Acheson for advice, bringing him into the Executive committee (ExComm), a strategic advisory group Commitee of 300 memberBall, George W. - Undersecretary of state (1961-66)
under Presidents Kennedy and JohnsonBarbour, Walworth - Ambassador to Israel from 1961 to 1973
Bowie, Robert R - Not in Kennedy Admin but a close friend of John J. McCloy who wasBruce, David K.E. Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1961 to 1969
[First Documented Bilderberg Attendance 1965 ]Bundy, McGeorge - National Security adviser to President Kennedy
- Commitee of 300 member Burgess, W. Randolph - Ambassador to NATO from 1957 to 1961Case, Clifford P
. - Senator New Jersey Republican
re-elected in 1960
Cisler, Walker Lee - President Detroit Edison - Birth of NASA - Cisler report 1961Dean, Arthur H. - Chief of the U. S. delegation to the nuclear test ban negotiations
Geneva in 1961 and 1962. CFR member, partner in Sullivan and Cromwell law firm, whose partners included John Foster and Allen Dulles (CIA Director)Fulbright, J. William - Senator
- 1959-1974 Fulbright served as Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations CommitteeGallagher, Cornelius E. - Congressman (D-NJ)
United States - January 3, 1959-January 3, 1973Gordon, Lincoln - U.S. Ambassador to Brazil (1961-66),
became the hub for CIA efforts to destabilize Brazil Goulart's government.
Gossett, William T. - FordMotor/Deputy Special Representative for Trade Negotiations United StatesHafstad, Lawrence R. - Chairman of the A.E.C.'s General Advisory Committee
- VP General Motors Corporations - Manhattan ProjectHarriman, Averell - Ambassador at Large in the Kennedy administration
- Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs - U.S. initiator of the Bilderberg group - no record exists of Harriman attending Bilderberg - Commitee of 300 member Hays, Brooks - Undersecretary of State for Congressional Affairs and Special Assistant to president John F. KennedyJohnson, Joseph E. - U.N. Conciliation Commission for Palestine in 1961Kennan, George F. - US ambassador to YugoslaviaKissinger, Henry - Special advisor to President Kennedy
Mason, Edward S. - OSS/ECONOMIST - Pakistan project served as a field laboratory during the 1960sMcCloy, John J. - Advisor to John F. Kennedy
- long association with the Rockefeller family - Commitee of 300 member McGhee, George C. - Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Commitee of 300 member Murphy, Robert D. - Adviser to President KennedyNitze, Paul H. - Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs
- 1963 he became the Secretary of the Navy
, serving until 1967
Patterson, MoreheadPrice, Don K. - consultant to the Executive Office of the President (1961-1972)
Roberts, Henry Lithgow - Russian ExpertRockefeller, DavidRusk, Dean - United States Secretary of State from 1961 to 1969 under presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson
Sulzberger , Arthur Hays - New York Times
Vorys, John M.
Wilde, Frazar B.Wiley , Alexander (U.S. Senator at Bilderberg!)
Zellerbach, J. D.
Bilderberg list from: http://www.scribd.com/doc/20256475/Bilderberg-Meetings-Participant-Lists-1954-2009
From this list we have Bilderberg participants from 1954, 1957 and 1958Update found another site with lists from 1963 :http://publicintelligence.net/1963-bilderberg-meeting-participant-list/
Cannes Conference 29-31 March 1963
This adds: Anderson, Robert O.
Oil Wildcatter/ President, Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies
United States http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Orville_AndersonIn 1963, Anderson merged his company into the Atlantic Refining Company of Philadelphia
. In 1966, as Atlantic's chairman and chief executive, he merged with Richfield Oil of Los Angeles, forming ARCO. Headquarters were based in Dallas.In 1967 largest oil field yet found in North America at Prudhoe Bay on Alaska's North Slope
Anderson also led the seven-company effort to develop the Alaskan oil pipeline in 1974
In 1941, he went to New Mexico with $50,000 in borrowed money and purchased control of an old oil refinery. His timing was fortuitous; when the United States entered World War II
later that year, demand for oil escalated. Soon he was selling gasoline to air bases throughout the Southwest and diesel for the atom bomb project at Los Alamos National Laboratory
By the end of the decade, he owned several refineries, built a pipeline system, and became a wildcatter. He entered the top ranks of independent oil producers in 1957 with a major find at the Empire-Abo field in New Mexico.In 1962 he merged his operations with Atlantic Refining
. In 1966, as Atlantic's chairman and chief executive, he struck a deal with Richfield that resulted in a new company, Arco.
In 1967, his persistence on oil exploration led to Arco's discovery of the largest pool of usable crude oil in North America, at Prudhoe Bay on Alaska's North Slope.http://www.nytimes.com/2007/12/06/business/06anderson.html?_r=1&n=Top/Reference/Times%20Topics/People/M/Martin,%20DouglasBeginning in 1957
, he assembled a farming and ranching enterprise exceeding a million acres, rivaled only by the renowned King Ranch. He, David Rockefeller and another partner once owned another million acres in Brazil
He favored lively discussion and wide-ranging research, serving for many years as chairman of the Aspen Institute for Humanistic Studies
, which convenes business executives and others to discuss world problems. He helped found the Worldwatch Institute
in Washington to monitor global environmental trends, the International Institute for Environment and Development in London
to study environmental and food issues and the John Muir Institute of the Environment in Davis, Calif
He was an oilman who warned of global warming caused by fossil-fuel consumption in the 1980s
, and more than once advocated higher taxes on his industry
He was also a Reagan Republican who held many top nonelected posts in the Republican Party
and favored nuclear power and a smaller federal government.He rescued two flailing publications, The Observer, a British newspaper, in 1977, and Harper’s magazine in 1980
.In 1982, he negotiated the first American offshore drilling operation in China.Atlantic Richfield was bought by BP
seven years ago. [year 2000]
[His father] Hugo A. Anderson and the former Hilda Nelson. Hugo was a prominent banker who, Robert said, was one of the first to lend money against proven but untapped oil reserves.
|----------Cleveland, Harold Van B.
Director, Atlantic Policy Studies United States http://www.nytimes.com/1993/03/13/nyregion/harold-cleveland-us-economist-76-aided-marshall-plan.html?pagewanted=1
Formally called the European Recovery Program
, it was proposed by General Marshall in 1947. [Marshall Plan]
Mr. Cleveland helped carry it out as a deputy director in the European division of the Economic Cooperation Administration
. He returned to Washington as an economist for the Committee for Economic Development in the early 1950's
He was later counsel for the John Hancock Mutual Life Insurance Company in Boston
and director of Atlantic Policy Studies for the Council on Foreign Relations in Manhattan
. He joined Citibank in 1965
. Collado, Emilio G
. Vice President, Standard Oil Co. (N.J.)
United States http://www.nytimes.com/1995/02/16/obituaries/emilio-collado-a-creator-of-the-world-money-system-dies-at-84.html?pagewanted=1
he was a member of the American negotiating team at the Bretton Woods conference in 1944 at Bretton Woods,
In 1946, President Harry S. Truman nominated Mr. Collado to be the first American director of the World Bank
In 1947, he joined the Exxon Corporation, rising to executive vice president and a director of the company at the time of his retirement in 1975.
|----------Copeland, Lammot du Pont
President of E.I. du Pont de Nemours Inc. United States http://www2.dupont.com/Heritage/en_US/related_topics/lammot_dupont_copeland.html
Lammot du Pont Copeland (1905-1983) was the great-great-grandson of founder Eleuthère Irénée du Pont, and the company’s 11th president. Copeland served as DuPont’s 11th president from 1962 to 1967
, overseeing the company’s “New Ventures” effort to commercialize over two dozen new products including Lycra®, Surlyn®, Tyvek® and Symmetrel®. Copeland retired as president in 1967. He remained as chairman of the Board of Directors until 1971 and continued to sit on the board until 1982.
|----------Gallagher, Cornelius E.
Congressman (D-NJ) United States http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cornelius_Edward_GallagherHe was elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-sixth through Ninety-second Congresses (January 3, 1959-January 3, 1973),
and was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1972 after Life magazine had run an article stating he was connected to the Mafia
.  The U.S. Attorney for the District of New Jersey charged him with conspiracy, perjury, and tax evasion, and he pled guilty to the tax charges, resulting in two years imprisonment
and a $10,000 fine. Gallagher was vice president of Baron/Canning International in New York City, and is a resident of Columbia, New Jersey.http://www.getnj.com/hud70/gallagher/ticg.shtml
Lyndon Johnson had considered him as a possible vice-presidential running mate
Cornelius E. Gallagher had pleaded guilty to evading $78,000 in income taxes
|----------Gossett, William T.
Deputy Special Representative for Trade Negotiations United States http://www.nytimes.com/1998/08/02/business/william-t-gossett-93-lawyer-and-diplomat.html?pagewanted=1
Mr. Gossett joined the Ford Motor Company in 1947 as general counsel and vice president. During his first year at the company, which was at the start of a postwar revitalization under Henry Ford 2d, Mr. Gossett was named to the Ford board. On the advice of Robert S. McNamara, the Secretary of Defense, who was a friend and colleague at Ford, President John F. Kennedy named Mr. Gossett as deputy special representative for trade negotiations in 1962. He served in that position until the next year.
In 1968 Mr. Gossett was elected the 92d president of the American Bar AssociationHe was a board member of about 20 institutions
, including Riverside Church in Manhattan, where he served as president from 1946 to 1947 and the United Negro College Fund, of which he was chairman, from 1961 until 1967.
|----------Hewitt, William A.
President, Deere & Company United States http://www.johndeere.com/en_US/compinfo/student/WilliamHewittbio.html
John Deere's sixth president, William Hewitt, was the last Deere family member to lead the company
. Born in California, Hewitt received a degree in economics from the University of California at Berkeley
May 1955, Hewitt was elected Deere & Company's presidentIn 1956, the company purchased a majority share of the Lanz tractor factory in Mannheim, Germany
, and obtained land in Monterrey, Mexico, for a new tractor facility.
The company continued its expansion around the world for the next two decades. By the 1970s, Deere & Company had a presence in Argentina, Venezuela, France, Spain, Great Britain and Western Europe, Australia, Japan, South Africa, China, and the Middle East
|----------Mason, Edward S.
Professor Harvard University / POLITICAL ECONOMIST United States http://www.harvardsquarelibrary.org/unitarians/mason.htmlIn 1941 Ed and his colleague
and old friend, William Langer
, went to Washington to help organize the research and analysis branch of what originally was the Office of the Coordinator of Information, later the Office of Strategic Services.In 1954 Ed Mason
directed an eight person team that drew up a development plan for Pakistan
, and in 1958 he conducted a similar exercise for Iran
. The Pakistan project served as a field laboratory during the 1960s for some of the best development economists of the period.
| ----------------------------------Acheson, Deanhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dean_Acheson
His most famous decision was convincing Truman to intervene, in June 1950, in the Korean War. Historians have argued, "Dean Acheson was more than 'present at the creation' of the Cold War; he was a primary architect
...Acheson was instrumental in framing U.S. policy toward Vietnam
, persuading Truman to dispatch aid and advisors to French forces in Indochina, though in 1968 he finally counseled President Lyndon B. Johnson to negotiate for peace with North Vietnam. During the Cuban Missile Crisis, President John F. Kennedy called upon Acheson for advice, bringing him into the executive committee (ExComm), a strategic advisory group.Acheson refused to 'turn his back on Alger Hiss' when the latter was accused of being a Communist spy, and convicted (of perjury for denying he was a spy
He retired as secretary of state on Jan. 20, 1953, and served on the Yale Board of Trustees
I---------------------------------Ball, George W.George W(ildman) Ball, 1909-1984http://www.answers.com/topic/george-ballAs undersecretary of state (1961–66) under Presidents Kennedy
and Johnson, George W. Ball achieved his greatest prominence as the highest ranking U.S. official to oppose, consistently but unsuccessfully, the decisions to increase the American military role during the Vietnam War.
He later served as U.S. delegate to the United Nations
and as an adviser on Iran to President Jimmy Carter
George Ball, for example. A long-time CFR member, director of the Trilateral Commission
, Undersecretary of State, and lawyer with Lehman Brothers
I---------------------------------Barbour, Walworth http://www.nytimes.com/1982/07/26/obituaries/walworth-barbour-diplomat-who-served-12-years-in-israel.html
, who capped a lifetime Foreign Service career with nearly 12 years as the United States Ambassador to Israel from 1961 to 1973Israel gets the Bomb with Bilderberger help
Although the United States government did not encourage or approve of the Israeli nuclear program, it also did nothing to stop it. Walworth Barbour, US ambassador to Israel from 1961-73, the bomb program's crucial years, primarily saw his job as being to insulate the President from facts which might compel him to act on the nuclear issue
, alledgedly saying at one point that "The President did not send me there to give him problems. He does not want to be told any bad news." After the 1967 war, Barbour even put a stop to military attachés' intelligence collection efforts around Dimona. Even when Barbour did authorize forwarding information, as he did in 1966 when embassy staff learned that Israel was beginning to put nuclear warheads in missiles, the message seemed to disappear into the bureaucracy and was never acted upon.
I---------------------------------Bingham, George Barry Sr/Jr
George Barry Bingham, Sr., CBE, (February 10, 1906 – August 15, 1988 in Louisville, Kentucky) was the patriarch of a family that dominated local media in Louisville
for several decades in the 20th century.
Bingham's family owned a cluster of influential media properties — The Courier-Journal and The Louisville Times newspapers, plus WHAS Radio and WHAS Television
. The papers had been purchased by his father, Col. Robert Worth Bingham, using proceeds from an inheritance left by his second wife, Mary Lily Kenan Flagler, herself the widow of railroad magnate Henry Flagler
; the elder Bingham used profits from those to start the radio station.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barry_Bingham,_Jr
George Barry Bingham, Jr. (September 23, 1933 – April 3, 2006 in Louisville, Kentucky) was an American newspaper publisher and television and radio executive. He was the last descendant of the Bingham family that controlled Louisville's daily newspapers, a television station, and two radio stations for much of the 20th century. Barry Jr. took over management of the newspapers in 1971
I---------------------------------Bowie, Robert R
Not in Kennedy Admin but a close friend of John J. McCloy who was.
He taught at Harvard from 1946-1955. When appointed he was the youngest professor of a prestigious Law School. Whilst there he was a trusted confidant to John J. McCloy the "unofficial chairman of the American establishment".
During periods of leave from Harvard between 1950 and 1952 Bowie worked for McCloy as one of his legal advisers in Germany
Served as the State Department member of the National Security Council Planning Board during the Eisenhower administration (1953-1957). In addition to his service to President Eisenhower, Prof. Bowie also served in the Truman, Johnson, and Carter administrations. Counselor for the State Department from 1966-1968
He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Trilateral Commission, and the American Academy of Diplomacy. He is the recipient of the Legion of Merit and the Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany
.served as CIA Deputy Director from 1977-1979
I---------------------------------Bruce, David K.E. [ First Documented Bilderberg Attendance 1965 ]
Ambassador to U.K.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_K._E._Bruce
David Kirkpatrick Este Bruce (February 12, 1898 - December 5, 1977) was an American diplomat.
He served as the United States Ambassador to France from 1949 to 1952,
United States Ambassador to West Germany from 1957 to 1959, and
United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom from 1961 to 1969
He was an American envoy at the Paris peace talks between the United States and North Vietnam in 1970 and 1971. Bruce also served as the first United States emissary to the People's Republic of China from 1973 to 1974
and as ambassador to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization from 1975 to 1976. Bruce served in the Office of Strategic Services in London and was a candidate for director of its successor the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) in 1950. https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/kent-csi/docs/v37i3a09p_0003.htmBruce accompanied the invasion fleet and on 7 June went ashore on Utah Beach
. Concurrently, more than 100 OSS agents reported on enemy troop movements behind the lines, while an equal number worked with French Resistance in sabotaging rail and communications links
On February 5, 1963, Tape 72, the President meets with staff members to discuss the draft instructions for US Ambassador to the United Kingdom David Bruce, who had been recently asked by President Kennedy to make a review of the United States' policies with Europe and to make recommendations for action.http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/JFKbruce.htmBruce moved to Washington
where he associated with a group of journalists, politicians and government officials that became known as the Georgetown Set
. This included Frank Wisner
, George Kennan, Dean Acheson, Richard Bissell, Desmond FitzGerald, Joseph Alsop, Stewart Alsop, Tracy Barnes, Thomas Braden, Philip Graham, Clark Clifford, Walt Rostow, Eugene Rostow, Chip Bohlen, Cord Meyer
, James Angleton, William Averill Harriman
, John McCloy
, Felix Frankfurter, John Sherman Cooper, James Reston, Allen W. Dulles
and Paul Nitze.
In 1956 President Dwight Eisenhower appointed Bruce as a member of the President's Board of Consultants on Foreign Intelligence Activities (PBCFIA). Eisenhower asked Bruce to write a report on the CIA. It was presented to Eisenhower on 20th December, 1956. Bruce argued that the CIA's covert actions were "responsible in great measure for stirring up the turmoil and raising the doubts about us that exists in many countries in the world today." Bruce was also highly critical of Operation Mockingbird.
He argued: "what right have we to go barging around in other countries buying newspapers and handling money to opposition parties or supporting a candidate for this, that, or the other office."http://email@example.com/msg03306.htmlAilsa Mellon
, the sister of Paul Mellon, married David K. Bruce
, a young foreign service officer. Soon after their marriage, Ailsa Mellon Bruce was stricken by an undiagnosed illness that rendered her, in the words of her husband, a "semi-invalid." They were eventually divorced, and David Bruce went on to a distinguished diplomatic career. After the divorce, Ailsa became almost a recluse. At one time, she owned three apartments in New York, two houses in Connecticut, an estate on Long Island, and a residence in Palm Beach. Ailsa apparently took a great deal of interest in her philanthropies and her art collection, much of which she donated to the National Gallery of Art. When she died in 1969, she left the bulk of her estate, valued at $570 million, to her Avalon Foundation
. This foundation was later merged with two smaller foundations established by her brother to form the giant Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.
I---------------------------------Bundy, McGeorge http://www.writing.upenn.edu/~afilreis/50s/bundy-obit.htmlhe was national security adviser to Presidents Kennedy
Mac Bundy was one of the few Kennedy loyalists to stay on under Lyndon Johnson and adjust to the formidable and volatile new bosshttp://www.jfklibrary.org/Historical+Resources/Biographies+and+Profiles/Profiles/McGeorge+Bundy.htm
Though he considered himself a Republican, then Harvard Dean of Faculty, Mr. Bundy was disillusioned with 1960 Republican candidate Richard Nixon, and organized support for Kennedy among academics and scientists
. Bundy was appointed Special Assistant to the President for National Security in 1961.
He was considered one of the "best and brightest" of President Kennedy's circle of advisors and cabinet members
. Following President Kennedy's assassination, Mr. Bundy stayed on as President Johnson's National Security Adviser, and was best known for his role as a supporter of the American military effort in Vietnam.
He resigned in 1966 to become President of the Ford Foundation. 1940 A.B., Yale University1948-49 Political Analyst, Council on Foreign Relations
I---------------------------------Burgess, W. Randolphhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Warren_Randolph_Burgess
Warren Randolph Burgess (7 May 1889> – September 16 , 1978) was an American banker and diplomat who served as ambassador to NATO from 1957 to 1961
I---------------------------------Case, Clifford P.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clifford_P._Case
He was strongly anti-McCarthy
New Jersey Republican Senator. In the Senate, he compiled one of the most liberal records of a Republican in the U.S. senate. He was re-elected in 1960.
I--------------------------------- Cisler, Walker Lee Notice "Manhattan Project" is NEVER mentioned....http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walker_Lee_Cisler
He held a variety of positions at the Public Service Electric and Gas Company in New Jersey, before being named in 1941 as chief of the Equipment Production Branch at the U.S. War Production Board. In mid-1943 he became chief engineer of power plants for Detroit Edison, but was granted leave of absence to become chief of public utilities for Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force
with responsibility for rebuilding electrical power plants in Europe. ...After the war, Cisler returned to Detroit Edison as chief engineer
, where he subsequently became executive vice president (1948), president (1951), chief executive officer (1954), and chairman of the board (1964).
He was active in the early development of nuclear power, serving as executive secretary to the Atomic Energy Commission's Industrial Advisory Group in 1947-1948
, and first president of the Atomic Industrial Forum. http://www.debatebothsides.com/showthread.php?t=37835
It is said that the Manhattan Project was instituted at the [Bohemian] Grove and Eisenhower was selected to become the "Rockefeller" Republican candidate for 1952
1960 - The Space race: http://history.nasa.gov/SP-4105/index.htm
see also Cisler, Walker L. and other DOD officials
, especially Douglas, James H., plus Civilian-Military Liaison Committee and Aeronautics and Astronautics Coordinating Boardhttp://history.nasa.gov/SP-4105/ch3.htmSP-4105 The Birth of NASA FEBRUARY 1960
We also talked of the Cisler report
. Neil McElroy had asked Walker Cisler
to look into the problems of scheduling and managing our national rocket launching complexes and the associated tracking stations throughout the world. This is a very costly business and we have had the usual pulling and hauling between the armed services.
NASA has its own rather small and economically-operated launching facility at Wallops Island, Virginia, which is available to anyone and apparently represents very little in the way of a problem. Walker, a devoted public servant and a determined man, had made up his mind pretty well before he started the study that  the real precedent for a solution lay in the War Production Board
.14 He proposes to set up an office reporting directly to the secretary of defense that will control and manage - he avoids using some of these words - the country's launch and tracking facilities... Cisler has gone to the vice president
and seems to be talking to a great many people, thus making a sensible solution impossiblehttp://history.nasa.gov/SP-4105/ch14.htmJANUARY 1961
Tuesday, January 3:
Hugh learned from Thomas's assistant that Kennedy had responded
, thanking him for the letter and recommendation, saying that he was leaving the space business entirely to Lyndon Johnson
. All we know is that Lyndon has been designated by Kennedy to chair the Space Council....Actually, the law would have to be changed if Lyndon were to be chairman
of the council. As it presently reads, the president is chairman
and the attorney general ruled last year that we could not have a regular meeting of the Space Council unless the president were in the chair.
Tuesday, January 10
George Low came in to talk of Mercury and the delay in launch to 31 January.3 Then came the evening with the Hoover Medal Award Dinner at the Statler where we were the guests of Walker Cisler [president of the Detroit Edison Company].
A small party preceded it - cocktails, etc. - and we found ourselves in pleasant company. Ike got the medal
after a statistically-loquacious ex-historian of the Army gave what turned out to be an interesting story of the engineering achievements of Ike's forces in Europe after D-Day in 1944. Ike was very good - informal but pertinent in his remarks - bringing in enough of the human interest stories to keep the engineering societies a bit humble. It was this group that gave the medal, of course. No news from the Kennedy administration
I---------------------------------Cowles, Gardner Owner-Publisher "Look Magazine"http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Death_of_a_President
In early 1964 Jacqueline Kennedy commissioned Manchester to produce an account of the assassination
Harper & Row published "Death of a President" in the spring of 1967 . The Kennedy family retains control of materials related to Death. Jacqueline Kennedy's interview tapes with the author are sealed at the Kennedy Library until 2067. the Kennedy family has permitted the book to go out of print. Received $665,000 from Look magazine for serial rightshttp://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=861&dat=19670108&id=21EOAAAAIBAJ&sjid=SX8DAAAAIBAJ&pg=4414,781759http://www.lib.drake.edu/heritage/GardnerCowlesFamily/GardnerMikeCowlesJr.html
Gardner Cowles, Jr. (Mike)
By Herb Strentz, Drake UniversityNEWSPAPERS OWNED, including Cowles family holdings during his life: Des Moines (Iowa) Register (1903- 1985) Des Moines Tribune (1908-1982); Minneapolis (Minnesota) Star (1935- 1982); Minneapolis Tribune (1941- 1982 ); Minneapolis Star-Tribune (1982-Present); San Juan (Puerto Rico) Star (1959-1970); Gainemille (Florida) Sun (1962-1971); Lukeland (Florida) Ledger (1963- 1971); Rapid City (South Dakota) Journal (1964- 1990); Great Falls (Montana) Tribune (1965- 1990) Suffolk (Long Island, N.Y.) Sun (1966-1969); Palatka (Florida) Daily News (1969- 197 1); Leesburg (Florida)-Daily Commercial (1969-1971); Jackson (Tennessee) Sun (1972- 1985); Waukesha (Wisconsin) Freeman (1978-1983).
Upon hearing that Time and Henry Luce had similar plans for a magazine to be named LIFE, the Cowles brothers met with Luce and Roy Larsen of Time to compare notes
I---------------------------------Dean, Arthur H.http://www.nytimes.com/1987/12/01/obituaries/arthur-h-dean-envoy-to-korea-talks-dies-at-89.htmlPresident Kennedy appointed Mr. Dean chief of the U. S. delegation to the nuclear test ban negotiations and the 18-nation disarmament conference at Geneva in 1961 and 1962. The test-ban negotiations led to the signing of a partial nuclear test ban treaty in Moscow on Aug. 5, 1963.Mr. Dean served as a negotiator and adviser to Presidents Eisenhower, Kennedy, and Johnson
. He was credited with helping to persuade Lyndon B. Johnson to stop the bombing of North Vietnam in 1968 and to not seek re-election.
In the early 1960's, Mr. Dean served as chief of the delegation to the talks that eventually produced a partial nuclear test-ban treaty in 1963
, which was worked out by W. Averell Harriman
At Cornell Law School he was managing editor of the Law Quarterly and received his law degree in 1923.Mr. Dean succeeded John Foster Dulles
as senior partner in the prestigious New York law firm of Sullivan & Cromwell in 1949, when Mr. Dulles was elected a United States Senator.http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=9341
JOHN F. KENNEDY - Letter Accepting Resignation of Arthur H. Dean as Chairman of the U.S. Delegation to the Geneva Disarmament Committee. January 4, 1963http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arthur_Dean_(lawyer
Dean was a member (and later served on the Board of Directors) of the Council on Foreign Relations
, the Asia Society
and served as a delegate to the United Nationshttp://www.towardfreedom.com/home/content/view/66/69/
Arthur Dean. CFR member, partner in Sullivan and Cromwell law firm
, whose partners included John Foster and Allen Dulles
. Before World War II Sullivan and Cromwell worked with German chemical and steel monopolies
. By the time the Bilderbergers began to meet, attorney Allen Dulles had become CIA director
Back in 1919 Dulles
had attended the Paris talks with Colonel House, then joined the U.S. State Department. By the late 1920s he'd become a partner in the Wall Street law firm of Sullivan and Cromwell, which worked with Adolph Hitler's financial agent to acquire the largest German monopolies, steel and chemicals, as clients
. Dulles joined the board of the Henry Schroeder Trust banking group in the '30s, while Schroeder bankrolled the Nazis
I---------------------------------Dewey, Thomas E.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_E._Dewey
Thomas Edmund Dewey (March 24, 1902 – March 16, 1971) was governor of New York (1943 – 1954). In 1944 and 1948, he was the Republican candidate for President, but lost both times. He led the liberal faction of the Republican Party
...Dewey's successor as leader of the liberal Republicans was Nelson Rockefeller
, who became governor of New York in 1959.In 1960 Dewey would strongly support Nixon's ultimately unsuccessful presidential campaign against Democrat John F. Kennedy.
By the 1960s, as the conservative wing assumed more and more power within the Republican Party, Dewey removed himself further and further from party matters. When the Republicans in 1964 gave Senator Barry Goldwater of Arizona, Taft's successor as the conservative leader, their presidential nomination, Dewey declined to even attend the Convention; it was the first Republican Convention he had missed since 1936.[
23] President Lyndon Johnson offered Dewey positions on several blue ribbon commissions, as well as a seat on the U.S. Supreme Court, but Dewey politely declined them all, preferring to remain in political retirement and concentrate on his highly profitable law firm. By the early 1960s Dewey's law practice had made him into a multimillionaire.
I---------------------------------Ferguson, John H.
Lawyer. Vice-President and Executive Director, Cttee. for a National Trade Policy.
Deputy Director, Policy Planning Staff, Dept. of State, 1951-1953
I---------------------------------Fulbright, J. Williamhttp://www.jwhfulbright.org/legacy/index.html
William Fulbright (1905-1995), born in Sumner, Missouri, was raised in Fayetteville, Arkansas and was educated at the University of Arkansas. He then attended Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar
where he received a Master of Arts degree. From 1959-1974 Fulbright served as chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
, the longest serving chairman of that committee in history.
He was elected to the U.S. Senate (Arkansas) and served from 1945 through 1974 becoming one of its most influential and best-known members
Fulbright was the only Senator who voted against the appropriations for Senator McCarthy's Un-American Activities Committee. He lodged serious objections to President Kennedy in advance of the Bay of Pigs invasion in 1961
. And, he was a powerful voice in opposition to the war in Vietnam
I---------------------------------Gordon, Lincolnhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lincoln_GordonIn 1961, Time reported that Gordon has "become John_F._Kennedy's leading expert on Latin American economics...Gordon served as U.S. Ambassador to Brazil (1961-66),
where he played a major role for the support of the opposition against the government of President João Goulart and during the 1964 Brazilian coup d'étathttps://www.prisonlegalnews.org/21211_displayArticle.aspx
At that time, Washington's alarm over Cuba was much like the more recent panic after 9/11
. The Kennedy White House was determined to prevent another communist regime in the hemisphere, and Robert Kennedy, as attorney general, was taking a strong interest in several anti-communist approaches, including the Office of Public Safety.
When Brazil seemed to tilt leftward after President Joao Goulart assumed power in 1961, the Kennedy administration grew increasingly troubled. Robert Kennedy traveled to Brazil to tell Goulart he should dismiss two of his Cabinet members, and the office of Lincoln Gordon, John Kennedy's ambassador to Brazil, became the hub for CIA efforts to destabilize Goulart's government
I---------------------------------Hafstad, Lawrence R.Notice "Manhattan Project" is NEVER mentioned....Discoverer of delayed NeutronsR. B. Roberts, L. R. Hafstad, R. C. Meyer, and P. Wang, Phys. Rev. ... Unpublished Manhattan Project Work (1943). Unpublished Manhattan Project Work (1943). ...http://www.nytimes.com/1993/10/22/obituaries/lawrence-r-hafstad-dies-at-89-helped-to-develop-nuclear-power.html
October 22, 1993 - Lawrence R. Hafstad Dies at 89; Helped to Develop Nuclear Power
He had began working with the Carnegie Institution from 1928.
He earned his Ph.D. in physics at Johns Hopkins in 1933.
He ... served as executive secretary of the Government's Joint Research and Development Board that coordinated all military research and development. In 1948 he was appointed the first director of reactor development for the Atomic Energy CommissionIn 1955, he became a vice president at the General Motors Corporations
and was chief of its research laboratories. He stayed there until his retirement in 1969. At the same time, he was chairman of the A.E.C.'s General Advisory Committee
Although no record exists of Harriman attending Bilderberg, he remains one of the principles of the Bilderberg Grouphttp://mellqvist.wordpress.com/2009/07/26/the-bilderberg-society/
... links to Bilderberg run through the networks built by aging diplomat Averell Harriman, the U.S. initiator of the Bilderberg group
.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/W._Averell_HarrimanIn January 1961, he was appointed Ambassador at Large in the Kennedy administration
, a position he held until November, when he became Assistant Secretary of State for Far Eastern Affairs.
In December 1961, Anatoliy Golitsyn defected from the Soviet Union and named Harriman a Soviet
spy, but Harriman nonetheless remained in his position until April 1963, when he became Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs. He continued in that position in the Lyndon Johnson administration, until March 1965 when he again became Ambassador at Large, a position he would hold for the remainder of Johnson's presidency. Harriman was the chief US negotiator at the Paris peace talks on Vietnam
...Harriman is noted for supporting
, on behalf of the state department, the coup against Vietnam president Ngo Dinh Diem in 1963
. Johnson's confession in the assassination of Diem could indicate some complicity on Harriman's part. 
While Averell Harriman served as Senior Partner of Brown Brothers Harriman & Co
., Harriman Bank was the main Wall Street connection for German companies and the varied U.S. financial interests of Fritz Thyssen
, who had been an early financial backer of the Nazi party until 1938, but who by 1939 had fled Germany and was bitterly denouncing Adolf Hitler.http://www.scribd.com/doc/17514348/The-Bilderberg-Group-Dr-JH-Retinger
August 1956 THE BILDERBERG GROUP by DR J. H. RETINGER
In November 1952 I went to the United States. Soon afterwards came H.R.H. Prince Bernhard and, finally, M. van Zeeland. We approached certain members of the Democratic administration which was still in office. Mr. Averell Harriman was especially interested in this work
Gabriel Hauge (March 7, 1914 - July 24, 1981) was a prominent American bank executive and economist. Hauge served as assistant to the President for Economic Affairs during the administration of Dwight D. Eisenhower.
In 1958, Gabriel Hauge joined Manufacturers Trust Company. In 1961, Manufacturers Trust Company merged with Central Hanover Bank & Trust Company (Hanover Trust). From 1964 until 1981, Gabriel Hauge served as a Director of the Council on Foreign Relations
. In 1970, Gabriel Hauge became chairman of the Board of Directors of Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company.
I---------------------------------Heinz, Henry J. II
Henry John Heinz II, best known as Jack Heinz, (1908–1987) was an American business executive and CEO of the H. J. Heinz Company based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.He was graduate of Yale University, where he was a member of the Skull and Bones secret society.
Father of United States Senator John Heinz Heinz is associated with the attempted 1933 Coup in Americahttp://joeplummer.com/1933_bush_coup.htmlhttp://www.prisonplanet.com/articles/july2007/240707fascistcoup.htmIn 1933, Marine Corps Maj.-Gen. Smedley Butler was approached by a wealthy and secretive group of industrialists and bankers, including Prescott Bush the current President's grandfather, who asked him to command a 500,000 strong rogue army of veterans that would help stage a coup to topple then President Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
According to the BBC, the plotters intended to impose a fascist takeover and "Adopt the policies of Hitler and Mussolini to beat the great depression." (Click here to listen to the BBC Radio 4 investigation.) http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/history/document/document.shtmlThe conspirators were operating under the umbrella of a front group called the American Liberty League,
which included many families that are still household names today, including Heinz,
Colgate, Birds Eye and General Motors.
I---------------------------------Hays, Brooks http://www.encyclopediaofarkansas.net/encyclopedia/entry-detail.aspx?entryID=506
Lawrence Brooks Hays (1898–1981)Lawrence Brooks Hays was a twentieth-century political, civic, and religious leader in Arkansas.
He was one of the most influential members of the state’s congressional delegation after World War II and one of the few laymen to serve as the president of the Southern Baptist Convention. While he often referred to himself as a politician, his wife thought the label that best described him was “Arkansas social worker.”
Hays accepted a series of presidential appointments, first to the board of the Tennessee Valley Authority under Eisenhower, then as Undersecretary of State for Congressional Affairs and Special Assistant to presidents John F. Kennedy
and Lyndon Johnson.
I---------------------------------Harsch, Joseph C.http://www.nytimes.com/1998/06/05/arts/joseph-c-harsch-93-a-journalist-who-witnessed-history.html
...He worked for the Christian Science Monitor from 1929 to 1988. For half those years, he worked concurrently for network radio and television: for CBS from 1943 to 1949 and later for NBC and then ABC.http://www.truth-it.net/council_on_foreign_relations_conspiracy.html
[Henry] 'Kissinger has grown up in the foreign policy group which revolves around the Council on Foreign Relations.
Here he came to know, and work with, the whole cluster of top men in banking and industry who make up the true core of the so-called 'Eastern Establishment'.' So says columnist Joseph Harsch, and of course, he should know, since he is a member of that same CFR.
I---------------------------------Jackson, Charles D. CIA - Publisher Life Magazinehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Douglas_JacksonGeneral Charles Douglas (C. D.) Jackson
(16 March 1902 – 18 September 1964
) was an expert on psychological warfare who served in the Office of Strategic Services in World War II and later as Special Assistant to the President in the Eisenhower administration.
He was a speech writer for Dwight Eisenhower's 1952 presidential campaign. He was assigned to be President Eisenhower's liaison between the newly created CIA and the Pentagon
During 1953 and 1954, C. D. Jackson was key in establishing the Bilderberg Group and ensuring American participation
. He attended meetings of the group in 1957, 1958 and 1960
. In 1960 he was publisher of Life magazine
It took a while for Jackson to organize the American wing of the group, but finally, in May 1954, the first conference was held in the Hotel de Bilderberg, a secluded hotel in Holland, near the German border. Prince Bernhard, and Retinger drew up the list of invitees from the European countries, while Jackson controlled the American list."
I---------------------------------Jay, Nelson Dean
Banker. Director, J. P. Morgan & Co
. Inc. New Yorkhttp://www.knox.edu/Profile-Index/Alumni-and-Friends/Jay-Nelson-1904.html
As the bank succeeded, so did Jay. His personality and position brought him possessions, as well as entry into an eclectic, prestigious social circle, filled not only with bankers, but with businessmen, politicians, diplomats, artists, writers, and musicians on both sides of the Atlantic. According to his wife's journal, they entertained at least eight or 10 times each week in their two homes
Sometimes this "entertainment" consisted of small informal affairs
with three or four couples, such as the Lindberghs and Rockefellers
. At other times, the occasion was more formal: Myron Taylor, president of US Steel
; Thomas Watson, president of IBM
; Allen Dulles, head of the CIA
; among others. The Jays were frequent guests at the home of Jo Davison, a prominent Parisian sculptor, where they met Ernest Hemingway.
Perhaps the most historic invitation was to President and Madame Charles DeGaulle's reception in 1962, honoring President and Mrs. John F. Kennedy
. Jay's reputation was at a peak
Jay's most unexpected recognition came in 1964, when his name appeared on the front of the New York Times Book Review in an article on Ernest Hemingway's Moveable Feast. Lewis Galantiere, the reviewer, who knew both Hemingway and the banker, said Jay "is one of the two most civilized and authentic Americans in Paris."
I---------------------------------Johnson, Joseph E. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_E._JohnsonJoseph Esrey Johnson
(April 30, 1906 - 1990) was an American government official who served with both the United States Department of State and the United Nations
From 1950 to 1971 he was president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace
. He was a member of the board of trustees of the World Peace Foundation in the early 1950s. From 1954, he was inaugural American secretary of the annual Bilderberg conference which discusses matters relating to European-American relations.
Johnson was Vice President of the International Institute for Strategic Studies from 1965 to 1981.http://www.ecommcode2.com/hoover/research/historicalmaterials/other/johnson.htm
best remembered for his role on the U.N. Conciliation Commission for Palestine in 1961
. As part of the commission Johnson was named a special envoy, and traveled throughout the Middle East, meeting with various governments in search of a means of providing Palestinian refugees with a homeland of their own. Johnson’s final report recommended that refugees who were forced out of their homes by the 1948 war be allowed to return to their former homes in Israel. However, neither side accepted Johnson’s proposals.Bilderberg 1963
: United States Honorary Secretary
: Joseph E. JohnsonJE Johnson Carnegie/Rockefeller man working on it before there was a bilderberg.....http://www.ecommcode2.com/hoover/research/historicalmaterials/other/johnson.htmThe Joseph E. Johnson Papers document the career of a State Department and United Nations
who was later the longtime president of the Carnegie Foundation
for International Peace. Johnson’s family donated these papers to the Hoover Library in 1994.Williams College
in Massachusetts in 1936, where he was an assistant professor of history until 1947
[ so he sold his soul in 1943.... ] Notice his first "initial" appointment! From NOWHERE to chief of international affairs in the STATE DEPARTMENT
During the years from 1943-1947, however, Johnson was on leave from Williams College, and served in a variety of positions with the State Department and United Nations
. Initially Johnson was appointed chief of the international affairs division in the State Department
. While in this post, he played a role in the creation of the United Nations
, attending both the Dumbarton Oaks Conference in 1944
as well as the San Francisco Conference in 1945
. Johnson later served as an adviser to the U.S. delegation at the first U.N. General Assembly at Lake Success, New York in 1946
, and assisted the U.S. representative to the Security Council, which met in London.
In 1971 Johnson became president emeritus of the Carnegie EndowmentBefore there was a U.N "they" had decided there would be a U.N. : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dumbarton_Oaks_ConferenceThe Dumbarton Oaks Conference
or, more formally, the Washington Conversations on International Peace and Security Organization
was an international conference at which the United Nations was formulated and negotiated among international leaders. The conference was held at Dumbarton Oaks from August 21, 1944 through October 7, 1944
The discussions at the conference regarding the make-up of the United Nations
included which states would be invited to become members, the formation of the United Nations Security Council
, and the right of veto that would be given to permanent members of the Security Council.http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/US-Israel/FRUS9_13_62.htmlLetter from Kennedy to Hussein Discussing Refugees - September 13, 1962
Your Majesty: Dr. Joseph E. Johnson, Special Representative of the Palestine Conciliation Commission, has now presented to the Commission, to the Arab host governments and to Israel his plan for resolution of the Palestine refugee problem
... "The Johnson Plan"
Source: Kennedy Library, President's Office Files, Countries, Jordan, 4/62-10/62
I---------------------------------Kennan, George F.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_F._KennanGeorge Frost Kennan
(February 16, 1904 – March 17, 2005) was an American advisor, diplomat, political scientist, and historian, best known as "the father of containment" and as a key figure in the emergence of the Cold War
. He later wrote standard histories of the relations between Russia and the Western powers.
Although Kennan had not been considered for a position by Kennedy's inner circle of advisers, the president himself offered Kennan the choice of ambassadorship in either Poland or Yugoslavia. Kennan was more interested in Belgrade, so he accepted Kennedy's offer and took his post in Yugoslavia in May 1961
I---------------------------------Kissinger, Henry http://www.brainyhistory.com/events/1961/february_28_1961_123678.htmlFebruary 28, 1961 - John F. Kennedy names Henry Kissinger special advisor http://www.jfklibrary.org/JFK+Library+and+Museum/News+and+Press/Henry+Kissingers+Kennedy+Administration+Files+Opened.htm
During the Kennedy administration, Henry Kissinger served as an occasional consultant to both the National Security Council and the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. According to the White House press release of February 27, 1961, Henry Kissinger was appointed a part-time consultant to President Kennedy and “will work in the area of national security problems on specific questions on which the White House asks for his views.” His contract designated him as a consultant of the National Security Council.
I---------------------------------McCloy, John J.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_J._McCloy
He later served as advisor to John F. Kennedy
, Lyndon Johnson, Richard Nixon, Jimmy Carter, and Ronald Reagan, and was the primary negotiator on the Presidential Disarmament Committee
he served as
From March 1947 to June 1949, McCloy was president of the World Bank.
From 1954 to 1970, he was chairman of the prestigious Council on Foreign Relations
in New Yorkchairman of the Chase Manhattan Bank from 1953 to 1960chairman of the Ford Foundation from 1958 to 1965trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation from 1946 to 1949, and then again from 1953 to 1958
, McCloy had a long association with the Rockefeller family
, going back to his early Harvard days At his direction,
a campaign of wholesale pardoning and commutation of sentences of Nazi criminals
took place, including those of the prominent industrialists Friedrich Flick and Alfried KruppHe was selected by Johnson to serve on the Warren Commission in 1963
. Notably, he was initially sceptical of the lone gunman theory, but a trip to Dallas with Allen Dulles, an old friend also serving on the Commission, in the spring of 1964 to visit the scene of the assassination convinced him of the case against OswaldMcCloy became a name partner in the Rockefeller-associated prominent New York law firm Milbank, Tweed, Hadley & McCloy.
In this capacity he acted for the "Seven Sisters", the leading multinational oil companies, including Exxon, in their initial confrontations with the nationalisation movement in Libya—as well as negotiations with Saudi Arabia and OPEC.
was a member of the foreign policy establishment group of elders called "The Wise Men." http://www.truth-it.net/council_on_foreign_relations_conspiracy.html
'And over the years, the men McCloy called in turn called other Council members. . . Of the first 82 names on a list prepared to help President Kennedy staff his State Department, 63 were Council members
Mr. McCloy was chairman of so many boards and had his hands in so many ventures that the political writer Richard Rovere once proposed that he was the informal ''chairman of the Establishment,''
a group that ''fixes major goals and constitutes itself a ready pool of manpower for the more exacting labors of leadership.''http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAmccloyJ.htm
McCloy continued to specialize in German cases and in 1936 Mccloy traveled to Berlin where he had a meeting with Rudolf Hess
. This was followed by McCloy sharing a box with with Adolf Hitler and Herman Goering at the Berlin Olympics
. McCloy's law firm also represented I.G. Farben and its affiliates during this period.
In March 1950, McCloy was given the task of appointing a new head of the West German Secret Service. After discussing the matter with Frank Wisner of the CIA, McCloy decided on Reinhard Gehlen, the Nazi war criminal
I---------------------------------McDonald, David J.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_J._McDonaldDavid John McDonald (November 22, 1902 – August 8, 1979) was an American labor leader and president of the United Steelworkers of America from 1952 to 1965
.http://politicalgraveyard.com/bio/mcdonald.htmlMcDonald, David John (1902-1979)
— also known as David J. McDonald — of Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pa. Born in Pittsburgh, Allegheny County, Pa., November 22, 1902. Democrat. Delegate to Democratic National Convention from Pennsylvania, 1948, 1952, 1956, 1960, 1964; president, United Steel Workers of America, 1952-65. Catholic
. Died, of cancer, Palm Springs, Riverside County, Calif., August 8, 1979. Interment at Desert Memorial Park, Palm Springs, Calif. http://www.networker.www3.50megs.com/jfk14.html
Kennedy, since the Innaugural Address and beyond, had been asking Americans and American business to excercise restraint to enable the United States to meet it's obligations and strengthen it's economy. The Steel Workers of America agreed to hold off their demands for higher wages if the Steel Companies, on their part, would not raise the price of steel. The workers kept their end of the bargain, the companies did not, ordering a price increase after a strike was averted. This dishonest and irresponsible act angered Kennedy, as is made clear in the following speech
.President John F. Kennedy Wednesday, April 11, 1962YouTube - JFK vs. Big Steel - April 11, 1962JFK and Steel, Bush and Oil
I---------------------------------McGhee, George C.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_C._McGhee
From November 1961 to April 1963, he served as the third ever Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs
, during the Kennedy Administration (later to be replaced by W. Averell Harriman
). President Kennedy had left this office vacant since January 1961 until McGhee, a Texan, was persuaded to take the position.http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/07/05/AR2005070501581.html
George C. McGhee, 92, a millionaire oil prospector
who became a central figure in postwar diplomacy by helping create and shape U.S. economic, military and petroleum ties from Europe to the Far East
. Dr. McGhee, known as "Mr. U.S." wherever he traveled. struck oil in Lake Charles, La., in an oil field that sustained him financially for the rest of his life
I---------------------------------McGill, Ralph E.
Publisher - Atlantic Constitution - [Mockingbird?]http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Ralph_Emerson_McGill.aspxRalph Emerson McGill , 1898-1969, American journalist and publisher, b. E Tenn. A proponent of civil rights
, he was expelled from Vanderbilt Univ. for expressing his beliefs. Beginning as an assistant sports editor of the Atlanta Constitution, he became its editor (1942) and then publisher (1960) until his death
. He received a Pulitzer Prize in 1959 for his editorials condemning the bombings of a synagogue in Atlanta and a high school in Tennessee
. His books include The South and the Southerners (1963). http://www.questia.com/googleScholar.qst;jsessionid=LhLBh1fzL812JpDCX3k8hydF9fGJ0wpfQvzdLhQp38PJJrhtYt6g
By the end of McGill's life he was, of course, widely celebrated as the "conscience of the South"
... friendship with Lyndon B. Johnson... he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 1964...
McGill counted five presidents as friends ...his enemies among white supremacists were legion and dangerous.
I---------------------------------Murphy, Robert D.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Daniel_Murphy
Robert Daniel Murphy (October 28, 1894 – January 9, 1978) was an American diplomat
1959 Under Secretary for Political Affairs
After his resignation from the U.S. State Department in December 1959, Murphy went on to be an adviser to Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon
He was President Eisenhower's personal representative in Lebanon (1958),
and later served as a chairman and director for Corning Glass International
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