The end of World War II saw an intense scramble for Nazi Germany's many technological secrets. The Allies vied to plunder as much equipment and expertise as possible from the rubble of the Thousand Year Reich for themselves, while preventing others from doing the same.
The range of Germany's technical achievement astounded Allied scientific intelligence experts accompanying the invading forces in 1945.
Supersonic rockets, nerve gas, jet aircraft, guided missiles, stealth technology and hardened armour were just some of the groundbreaking technologies developed in Nazi laboratories, workshops and factories, even as Germany was losing the war.
And it was the US and the Soviet Union which, in the first days of the Cold War, found themselves in a race against time to uncover Hitler's scientific secrets.
In May 1945, Stalin's legions secured the atomic research labs at the prestigious Kaiser Wilhelm Institute in the suburbs of Berlin, giving their master the kernel of what would become the vast Soviet nuclear arsenal.
US forces removed V-2 missiles from the vast Nordhausen complex, built under the Harz Mountains in central Germany, just before the Soviets took over the factory, in what would become their area of occupation. And the team which had built the V-2, led by Wernher von Braun, also fell into American hands.
Shortly afterwards Major-General Hugh Knerr, deputy commander of the US Air Force in Europe, wrote: "Occupation of German scientific and industrial establishments has revealed the fact that we have been alarmingly backward in many fields of research.
"If we do not take the opportunity to seize the apparatus and the brains that developed it and put the combination back to work promptly, we will remain several years behind while we attempt to cover a field already exploited."
Thus began Project Paperclip, the US operation which saw von Braun and more than 700 others spirited out of Germany from under the noses of the US's allies. Its aim was simple: "To exploit German scientists for American research and to deny these intellectual resources to the Soviet Union."
Arthur Rudolph: "100% Nazi"
Events moved rapidly. President Truman authorised Paperclip in August 1945 and, on 18 November, the first Germans reached America.
There was, though, one major problem. Truman had expressly ordered that anyone found "to have been a member of the Nazi party and more than a nominal participant in its activities, or an active supporter of Nazism militarism" would be excluded.
Under this criterion even von Braun himself, the man who masterminded the Moon shots, would have been ineligible to serve the US. A member of numerous Nazi organisations, he also held rank in the SS. His initial intelligence file described him as "a security risk".
And von Braun's associates included:
Arthur Rudolph, chief operations director at Nordhausen, where 20,000 slave labourers died producing V-2 missiles. Led the team which built the Saturn V rocket. Described as "100 per cent Nazi, dangerous type". Kurt Debus, rocket launch specialist, another SS officer. His report stated: "He should be interned as a menace to the security of the Allied Forces."
Hubertus Strughold, later called "the father of space medicine", designed Nasa's on-board life-support systems. Some of his subordinates conducted human "experiments" at Dachau and Auschwitz, where inmates were frozen and put into low-pressure chambers, often dying in the process.
All of these men were cleared to work for the US, their alleged crimes covered up and their backgrounds bleached by a military which saw winning the Cold War, and not upholding justice, as its first priority.
And the paperclip which secured their new details in their personnel files gave the whole operation its name. Sixty years on, the legacy of Paperclip remains as vital as ever.
With its radar-absorbing carbon impregnated plywood skin and swept-back single wing, the 1944 Horten Ho 229 was arguably the first stealth aircraft.
The Stealth bomber: Based on a 1944 German design
The US military made one available to Northrop Aviation, the company which would produce the $2bn B-2 Stealth bomber - to all intents and purposes a modern clone of the Horten - a generation later.
Cruise missiles are still based on the design of the V-1 missile and the scramjets powering Nasa's state-of-the-art X-43 hypersonic aircraft owe much to German jet pioneers.
Added to this, the large number of still-secret Paperclip documents has led many people, including Nick Cook, Aerospace Consultant at Jane's Defence Weekly, to speculate that the US may have developed even more advanced Nazi technology, including anti-gravity devices, a potential source of vast amounts of free energy.
Cook says that such technology "could be so destructive that it would endanger world peace and the US decided to keep it secret for a long time".
But, while celebrating the undoubted success of Project Paperclip, many will prefer to remember the thousands who died to send mankind into space. - BBC
Von Braun (third from left) in Nevada after the war. Note the swastika on the sign. He and his friends made no attempt to hide their allegiances while working on "our" space program.
Also note the shape of the sign - is this a flying saucer? "[Werner] Von Braun was far more than just a "German rocket scientist" or a mere "Nazi". Documents obtained by TEM researchers show he was nothing less than a Major in Hitler's "SS", the fearsome and fanatically loyal arm of the Nazi war machine entrusted to carry out the most inhuman acts of the regime"
Orwell and the Internet
but what of Robert H Goddard?
[the censored reality]
German Scientist Werner von Braun Anticipated Terrorists, Asteroids and ETs on American "Enemy's List"
Werner Von Braun (second from right) and pals tour the Nazi rocket facility at PeenemÃ¼nde. Between 7,000 and 20,000 slave laborers were worked to death at various German rocket facilities during the war.
Former Nazi removed from Space Hall of Fame
Museum visitor complained after spotting name during tour
ALAMOGORDO, N.M. - MSNBC - A former Nazi scientist has been booted from the International Space Hall of Fame.
The New Mexico Museum of Space History's commission unanimously voted last week to remove Hubertus Strughold.
He had been inducted in 1978 for work in developing the spacesuit and space capsule, and contributions to space medicine.
But Strughold was also linked to experiments on prisoners in the Dachau concentration camp in his native Germany.
A museum visitor noticed Strughold's name in the hall last fall and told the New Mexico Anti-Defamation League - which then uncovered records on his past.
from one death cult to another - Aum Shinrikyo
Hideo Murai, the late Aum Shinrikyo science and technology minister, was one of the most intelligent Japanese who ever lived, with an IQ higher than Einstein's. He studied astrophysics, concentrating on X-ray detection. His field, it turns out, was the key to developing new types of weapons more powerful than nuclear bombs, which are still being developed and tested by Japan's military-industrial complex after his death. Murai's most outrageous claim was that Kobe was destroyed with laser-powered seismic weapons -- a claim many in the media scoffed. But a closer look at Murai's own research in Kobe shows that the possibility should not be discounted.
Info about Electromagnetic Weapon
The Russians have spacecraft called "COSMOSPHERES", which were originally built and used for "Starwars" defense. They are spherical in shape, INvisible to radar beyond about 50 miles away, atomic-powered [possibly Migma fUsion], electro-gravitic (can hover against gravity), and equipped with "Psycho-energetic Range Finding" (PRF) which tunes-in to the actual atomic signature of an object or target.
The 3rd-generation JUMBO Cosmospheres occupy more volume than the Hindenburg blimp, and are ELECTRO-MAGNETICALLY PROPELLED (can accelerate continuously and rapidly, and make it to Saturn in three WEEKS!). [Many of them are armed with charged-particle beam weapons, neutron beam weapons, and/or microwave brain-scrambling equipment!] - source
INFORMATION REGARDING UFOs (ALIENS)
SMALL ORBS FILMED AROUND CHEMTRAILS IDENTIFIED?
In other developments, video of small white orbs filmed near Italian chemtrails have been identified as advanced robot drones originally developed by the Italian military's 'Project Cipher'. The program, says Vincent, was sold to the US military after funding ran out in the Seventies. - Rense
In the Eye of the Galaxy
Few people around the world suspect the existence of electromagnetic weapons, and most would probably disbelieve the power, accuracy and variety of these weapons. Even the scientists and engineers at the center of the world's most powerful electronics-producing nation -- Japan -- were stunned to discover that long-range EM weapons with global reached were being secretly deployed by the superpowers. It happened by sheer accident, in February 1987.
The Japanese satellite called Ginga, or Galaxy, was launched that month in a high orbit, searching the skies for X-ray emissions from distant stars. But it also had another, secret mission -- to detect gamma radiation from Chinese underground nuclear weapons explosions at the Lop Nor test site and Soviet nuclear tests in Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan. Such military intelligence was crucial because trans-continental air currents would carry fallout from leakage from Central Asian tests sites directly over the Japanese archipelago -- an environmental and public health nightmare.
When Ginga crossed the Equator in early June, it picked up massive staccato bursts of gamma rays, at twice the frequency of stellar sources. Astronomers linked to ground control at the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science wondered if they had found some sort of mutant quasar, but the data did not come close to any known source. Then, they realized the gamma ray discharges had come from below Ginga -- but below it there was just a vast body of water, far from any nuclear plant, cyclotron or test site. They contacted NASA, which ran a computer check on satellite orbits.
NASA replied that the probable source was a Russian spacecraft, Japanese scientists came to the chilling realization that another satellite in lower orbit was irradiating the ionosphere. Each time Ginga overflew the path of Cosmos 1900-- a craft that the Soviets claimed was an oceanic observation satellite -- the readings were the same: massive bursts of radioactivity. Accidental leakage? Not likely because Cosmos had not been launched until 10 months after Ginga, in December 1987. Therefore, Ginga had detected radiation-seeding by a predecessor satellite that burned on reentry, which was soon replaced by Cosmos. The Soviets were using a series of satellites to deliberately irradiate the Van Allen belts of the upper atmosphere. But why?
Cosmos 1900 satellite
Ring over the Equator
What satellite Ginga stumbled upon was an electromagnetic "mirror," a ionized reflector for transmission of low-frequency beams, which was a part of the Russian EMW arsenal. The electromagnetic technology has been used to alter the climate in the Northern Hemisphere to lessen the economic cost of Russia's severe winters. It is also used for advanced global communications, for anti-missile defenses and to induce earthquakes. In other words, it is extremely sophisticated and dangerous technology, wide open for abuse in the wrong hands. A similar system was patented by Bernard Eastlund, former chief of the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, which forms the core of the U.S. Navy's HAARP program in Alaska. (V2, the companion article provides an overview on this technology.)
If this artificially ionized belt acts like a mirror, then electromagnetic waves sent from ground stations in the Southern Hemisphere would be reflected back to a roughly equal longitude and a roughly equidistant latitude in the Northern Hemisphere, and vice versa. For example, to change the weather patterns on the steppes of Kazaldistan (Nikita Khruschev's hare-brained scheme was to grow wheat there; after initial failures, it is now one of the world's top breadbaskets, thanks to milder weather), one would have to place a EM transmitter in the vicinity of French-controlled Kerguelen Island, south of the Indian Ocean.
The ability to focus the EM waves, however, is the most technically difficult problem, which can be solved by using two intersecting beams of scalar energy to create an interference pattern, that is, a third standing wave. This standing wave could be applied in different formats to create various electromagnetic effects or to ionize the atmospheric gases to create deadly plasma. This would account for a diversity of shapes and light effects, that is, UFOs, seen by many thousands of observers around the world that cannot be attributed to passing planes and other physical objects. STARWARS & THE FINAL WAR
Haarp Subject: Secret Government Research, The battle for Aum Shinrikyo
Earthquake Inducing Electromagnetic Weapons Used at Kobe?
TESLA DOOM WEAPONS & AUM SHINRIKYO Ginga satellite Fire From The Sky --------------------------------------------
Cosmos 1900 had nuclear reactor onboard? cover story?
Cosmos 1900 Nation: USSR. Program: RORSAT. Mass: 3,800 kg. Class: Surveillance. Type: Naval Radarsat. Spacecraft: US-A. Agency: MO SSSR. Perigee: 696 km. Apogee: 735 km. Inclination: 66.1 deg. Period: 99.1 min. COSPAR: 1987-101A. USAF Sat Cat: 18665. source
The Lincoln Laboratory's Haystack radar system near Boston supported a NASA research in charaterizing the size of space debris. They detected that the Cosmos 1900 spacecraft, is leaking coolant (sodium potassium) from its nuclear power source. Cosmos 1900, a Radar Ocean Reconnaissance Satellite using a nuclear reactor to power its surveillance equipment, was launched in december 1987, but suffered a boost problem that left it in a lower than planned orbit. One year later the satellite was turned off and transferred to a higher orbit. source
In April 1988 the Soviet radar reconnaissance satellite Cosmos 1900 failed to separate and boost the reactor core into a storage orbit. This failure of the basic system raised the possibility that the reactor could re-enter the Earth's atmosphere some time in late summer or early fall. The Soviet Union announced that the satellite was equipped with both a basic system for radiological protection and a redundant system. The redundant system apparently succeeded in separating the nuclear core of Cosmos-1900 on Sept. 30 at which time the reactor core was boosted into a "stable" storage orbit at about 720 km altitude. The intended storage orbit, however, was to have been at more than 800 km altitude. - source
EPA's Response to the Reentry of Cosmos Satellites Information Notice No. 88-71: POSSIBLE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECT OF THE REENTRY OF COSMOS 1900 AND REQUEST FOR COLLECTION OF LICENSEE RADIOACTIVITY MEASUREMENTS ATTRIBUTED TO THAT EVENT Space Nulear Accidents lecture PDF The wrong stuff: Nukes in space
Satellite defense shield patent acknowledges EM / kinetic weapons
Several systems are known which are used to cripple or destroy orbiting satellites or other space vehicles. These systems may be ground based or space based. Typical systems used for destroying satellites include kinetic energy weapons delivered by anti-satellites; directed energy weapons such as high energy lasers, neutral particle beams, high-powered microwave radiation, and other nuclear radiations; and broad-area electromagnetic pulses. Before the satellite can be destroyed, however, it must be detected in space, and the weapon must be aimed such that the destructive force will intercept the path of the satellite. This invention relates to a device which makes it difficult or impossible to locate and track the satellite. When the word "satellite" is used in this specification, other space based mechanisms and vehicles are considered to be within the realm of the invention.
To destroy a satellite, the weapon operator must aim his weapon either to lead the satellite such that the energy beam (or the like) and target arrive at the same location at the same time, or the weapon must be able to track the satellite's location. Should the aim of the gunner be off, in the case of an unguided projectile, the gunner will miss the target. In the case of a guided projectile, the target position, velocity and acceleration information must be accurate enough to enable the projectile to come near enough to its target to be effective. If the input data is inaccurate or too late, the operator will not be able to make the appropriate corrective actions, and the weapon will miss. Cryptome
Is Electro-Magnetic Warfare a satellite based project?
Manipulating the planet from the outside in?
HAARP, China, Russia And The Moon
HAARP / Environmental control / TESLA / Chemtrails
Big Brothers worldwide digital 3D remote sensing
"Space itself will become a theater of war, as nations gain access to space capabilities and come to rely on them; further, the distinction between military and commercial space Systems combatants and noncombatants will become blurred."
'Rebuilding Americas Defences' -
The Project for the New American Century