The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!

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Offline jimd3100

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The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« on: May 17, 2009, 01:21:56 PM »
The anthrax attacks are a classic textbook example of State sponsored terrorism. The anthrax letters were straight from the heart of the Military Industrial complex. But first understand the recent history of anthrax and the military.....

Here's a nice propaganda piece from the Boston Globe in the late 90s when the U.S. was "concerned" that some "evil" government might hire certain scientists to do bad things....so the U.S. hires the certain scientists, and pretty much the Bioweapons Industry of Russia, during the "capitalist" early days of the broken USSR....

CONCEALED BIOWEAPONS (Boston Globe)
Date: December 14, 1998 Page: A14 Section: Editorial Page

The looming menace of biological weapons has been illuminated recently by the travails of UN weapons inspectors in Iraq and by a report in The New York Times on Iranian efforts to hire Russian scientists who have worked on bioweapons.

Russia's economic collapse has left scientists more vulnerable than ever to Tehran's blandishments. Wisely, the United States has been financing research programs in Russia to employ some of the Russian scientists who might otherwise sign up with Iran or another rogue state seeking a bioweapons capability. But more will have to be done to contain a nightmarish threat. In this decade, American officials and researchers have been unnerved by what they have learned about the Soviet Union's extensive but carefully concealed programs for the development of bacteria and viruses for use in war.

Ken Alibek, former deputy chief of the civilian side of the Soviet program Biopreparat, described in a recent article the startling scope of Soviet bioweapons development, the success of schemes to hide research done in violation of the 1972 Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention, and the pursuit of clandestine research into manmade "chimera viruses" -- genetically engineered combinations of lethal germs such as smallpox and Ebola.

What should be most alarming is Alibek's informed suspicion about current Russian bioweapons programs. Writing in Perspective, a publication of Boston University's Institute for the Study of Conflict, Ideology, and Policy, Alibek concluded that "Russia's scientists are continuing to carry out the research and concealment plans that were in place prior to my departure for the US in 1992."

In Russia as in Iraq, the proper prescription for preventing the development of biological weapons requires inspections, transparency, and verification. The 1972 convention on biological weapons needs to be strengthened to include the kind of intrusive spot inspections that were instituted under the Chemical Weapons Convention. Bioweapons should be on the agenda of any discussions about Western financial aid to Russia.

http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=BG&p_theme=bg&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0EADDD70B4454DFF&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM

This article exposes that the U.S. and USSR Governments were doing the same thing as we shall see later....

In the early 1970s, the Soviet authorities began creating a new network of BW facilities parallel to the military system. In 1972, the USSR signed the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BWC), under which it was supposed to stop all offensive BW work. The new “civilian” network of biotechnology institutes conducted some civilian research, but it also served as a cover for military-related BW activities. These sites were formally run by civilian authorities and involved a large number of civilian biotechnological specialists and enterprises.(13)

The All-Union Production Association Biopreparat, created in 1973 by a decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the USSR Council of Ministers, was tasked with implementing the programs approved by the Interagency Council. This organization comprised some 40 research and development (R&D) and production facilities. In addition to managing the civilian biotechnological industry and R&D, Biopreparat was actively involved in military BW programs.(15)

(15) Biopreparat, known by its postal code P.O. Box A-1063, controlled the world’s second-largest antibiotics industry and produced a number of biopharmaceuticals and veterinary products, which were exported to many developing countries. Western sources believe that as many as 2,000 of Biopreparat’s 9,000 scientific employees were experts on deadly pathogens. Laurie Garrett, “Inside Russia’s Germ Warfare Labs,” Newsday, August 10, 1997, pp. A5, A38-A39; Rimmington, “From Military to Industrial Complex,” p. 87.

http://cns.miis.edu/pubs/opapers/op1/op1.htm

It would be nice if the U.S. could pretty much corner the market on anthrax wouldn't it? To keep us "safe" ya know.......around this time is when the military started to order it's troops to take a crappy anthrax vaccine.......this ran into problems the FDA who had a problem with the vaccine and the company making it, and the soldiers had a problem being forced to take a vaccine that could kill them and was not very effective anyway. After the attacks the FDA backed off and it was back to getting government money for this company called Bioport.

"1997--Cohen's speech announced a pharmaceutical solution to protect US troops abroad. Through a new Anthrax Vaccine Inoculation Program(AVIP), all 2.3 million American military personnel would be vaccinated against the risk of a biological weapons attack by a hostile nation such as Iraq or by a foreign terrorist group.......This new program was tied to federal support for a private company that was to be the army's sole supplier. The former head of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Adm. William Crowe, sat on its board and had testified before Congress on behalf of the venture." page 15

...Troubling issues of military deception and secrecy had already tainted the Department of Defense's universal anthrax vaccination program, AVIP. Side effects were being underreported or suppressed by the Pentagon. The private pharmaceutical company had failed to win FDA approval for vaccine production and was relying on old, faulty stocks inherited from the last manufacturer, the state of Michigan.  page 19

Soldiers refusing the vaccination were being dishonorably discharged. Pages 19-20
http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=GW1bILNOlYYC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=%22William+Patrick%22#PPA20,M1

That's your future folks. As society is taken over by this beast you will be vaccinated, or "discharged" in any case these "connected" companies will certainly be taking your money.... as this board meeting transcript at the Department of Defense from as recently as April of last year(2008) shows......

"Jumping ahead to your anthrax policy, like I said, that began back in 1998. Many people in this room have been around for that. It has expanded, it's retracted with shortages of vaccine. Federal judges have put a halt to the program. We executed the first emergency use authorization in the United States. We went into a voluntary period for a year and a half. Then in October 2006 the Deputy Secretary of Defense announced the policy that we execute today, that is, that it's mandatory for those at highest risk, mainly those over in the CENTCOM and Korea areas of operation, and a few special mission units. That policy is I would say in line with recommendations of this Board who said target those at highest risk and not everybody. We also allow voluntary vaccinations of anybody who started the series and wants to continue the series of get their annual boosters. Then there's a third population, those who are not going to a high-risk area and haven't started it can't have it at all. With those three different groups, it's hard to implement that worldwide with 100-percent accuracy, but I feel our forces and the people in the field are doing a great job with that. As of September 2007, we've expanded that predeployment window of when they can start their vaccinations from 60 days to 120 days.That's a real positive thing. That allows the commanders a longer time to get their people vaccinated for anthrax to get over three doses in, for smallpox to get them vaccinated when they can be away from their family members but not pushing those vaccinations into the theater of operations. Since the beginning in 1998 we've given 7.4 million doses to 1.9 million individuals. You can also see that the production is steady. The manufacturer is making plenty of that. The one big change that's happened in this last year is that there's been the decision that instead of the Department of Defense purchasing this vaccine right from the manufacturer such as we've done, we will purchase it from the strategic national stockpile. So as vaccine expires from Health and Human Services' national stockpile, we will purchase that at a reduced rate and prevent some of that loss that they've been experiencing, and that was a recommendation of the GAO.  We continue to have multiple studies looking into this. We continue to sponsor different endeavors by Dr. Pittman up at USAMRID looking at this with a firm belief that as long as we're using this vaccine we should continue to try to know everything about the vaccine. The final bullet there is we're still waiting on the route change and dose reduction. As I understand currently, the manufacturer had submitted that to the FDA. The FDA has returned it to the manufacturer with some clarification. We really are looking forward to that.
Yes, sir?
SPEAKER: I'm sorry to interrupt, but  I'm a little confused. You seemed to say we were purchasing HHS's expired vaccine.

COL. ANDERSON: Expiring. Right, we will not use expired vaccine. The goal was to get  it with about a year of shelf life left on it, but  6 to 9 months, that will be coming out of the S&S to the field. The field really should not notice a difference other than it's coming from a different address.
Moving on to the Smallpox Program.....
pages 20-23
http://www.health.mil/dhb/downloads/20080527/AA%20DHB-04_24_08.pdf

Take your vaccine and STFU....

BY LAURI HARVEY
Times Staff Writer | Sunday, June 22, 2003 |

The Department of Defense's anthrax vaccination program, deemed "unusually hazardous" by the military itself, is being forced on soldiers who can not refuse it without risking disciplinary action.

U.S. Army Reserve Spc. Rachael Lacy, 22, of Lynwood, died in April after receiving the vaccination, along with a smallpox inoculation. A coroner ruled the shots were contributing factors in her death, a ruling which the military claims there is no evidence to support.

Lacy made no attempt to refuse the vaccines, but others who have faced the consequences. Because the program is administered by military commanders -- not doctors -- refusing the shots is tantamount to refusing an order.

"It allows the commanders to force all who are under them to take it or risk the consequences," said Meryl Nass, a medical doctor from Maine and an expert on the program. "No one wants anyone in their command to refuse it because it makes them look bad."

The military sees it differently.

"The reason it is mandated is because the military works as a team," said Col. John Grabenstein, deputy director for military vaccines for the Army surgeon general. "If you and I are on the same team and I refuse it, your chances of survival are lessened by my refusal."

Maj. Thomas "Buzz" Rempfer of the Connecticut Air National Guard saw it differently still. As a member of the command staff, he felt ordering the vaccines would be improper.

"I refused it because I felt I was duty-bound to refuse it," Rempfer said. "Not only was it most likely illegal ... the moral or ethical foundation was lacking because information we received from the Department of Defense was fundamentally wrong."

Rempfer refused to take the vaccine in 1998 and was subsequently grounded.

Rempfer -- speaking on his personal opinions and not on behalf of the military -- said he believes the military simply is not willing to admit they made a mistake.

"They're doing their darndest to ignore it," Rempfer said. "The project itself was so massive in its scope, and so many people invested their integrity in the program, to have it fail would be unacceptable."

The Department of Defense said that since the program began in 1998, some half-million members of the military have received the vaccine. All 2.4 million military personnel are scheduled to receive the inoculations.

A general accounting office report released last fall showed that between September 1998 and September 2000, 16 percent of pilots and aircrew members in the Guard and Reserves transferred to another unit, moved to inactive status or left the military to avoid the vaccine.

While the Department of Defense says it "has no formal method of counting refusals," it acknowledges that as of 2002, some 441 active duty service members have refused the vaccines. In addition, some 300 pilots in the Guard and Reserves reportedly have refused the shots, according to documents provided by pilots to Congress.

Of those soldiers who have refused the shots, 101 have lost courts-martial over the issue, according to Nass, an expert witness in many of the cases.

Nass said the problem is complex, but a simple solution could be put in place quickly until the bigger questions can be answered.

"I don't think we should vaccinate anymore people," she said.

Human guinea pigs

The U.S. Department of Defense contracted with then-Michigan Biologic Products (now BioPort Corp.) of Lansing, Mich., in 1998 to provide the anthrax vaccine to its service members. BioPort is the sole manufacturer of the anthrax vaccine and therefore, the sole government contractor for the product.


<<<yes this is the same Luis Caldera that just recently took the fall for the Air Force one Photop NY flyover>>>>....

U.S. Secretary of the Army Luis Caldera in 1998, citing, "unusually hazardous risks," granted BioPort indemnity under Public Law 85-804, which guarantees the company immunity from litigation related to the anthrax vaccine.

The law states that only liabilities that arise in cases where the federal contractor is engaged in, "unusually hazardous or nuclear risks" are covered. If BioPort is sued over the issue, the liability now falls to the federal government.

BioPort sold the day after Caldera granted indemnity. One of the partners in the purchase was Adm. William Crowe, President Reagan's former head of the joint chiefs of staff. When Bill Clinton was on the campaign trail in 1992 and accused of being a draft dodger, Crowe came to his defense.

Clinton returned the favor when elected president and named Crowe ambassador to Great Britain. Crowe left the spot in 1997 and bought BioPort in 1998.

Since 1998, when the government agreed to indemnify BioPort, more than a dozen lawsuits have been filed against the company. Most were thrown out on procedural grounds.

But one lawsuit appears to be making ground. In May 2002, 112 soldiers and their spouses filed an $8 million lawsuit against BioPort alleging negligence, breach of warranties, breach of the right to be treated with essential human dignity, strict product liability, fraud, civil rights violations and punitive damages.

"Defendants knew soldiers, like plaintiffs, were involuntarily compelled to submit to the vaccine without knowledge of these facts and circumstances," the suit claims. "Soldiers, such as plaintiffs, thus became human guinea pigs made to test a product over which defendants had the monopoly."

BioPort representatives did not return calls seeking comment, but their Web site touts their product and its uses.

Despite the "unusually hazardous" designation, the Department of Defense's Anthrax Vaccine Immunization Program Web site supports the vaccine as "safe, as safe as other vaccines."

"We have committed ourselves to the highest level of science, and what is science? The best way to keep from fooling yourself," Grabenstein said. "Seven independent panels of civilian panelists and scientists have concluded the anthrax vaccination is safe."

Those panels were from the National Academy of Sciences, which was established by Congress to provide scientific and technical advice to the nation. While the panelists are indeed civilians, Grabenstein acknowledged the government is paying for their work.

There have been issues with the legality of the licensing of the vaccine as well. Critics argue that the vaccine never has been proven effective for inhalation anthrax. The data the FDA cites in saying the vaccine is 92.5 percent effective is from a 1950s-era blind study on mill workers processing animal hair.

The FDA acknowledges the study was conducted using a product "similar to the anthrax vaccine."

According to the FDA, during the trial period, 26 cases of anthrax were reported at the mills -- five inhalation and 21 cutaneous, or skin contact cases. Because no cases of inhalation anthrax occurred in those who received the vaccine, the study concluded a 92.5 percent efficacy level for the inoculation.

A license was granted for the vaccine in 1970, without showing it was safe for human use.

The government published findings on the safety of the vaccine for humans in 1985 -- from a study it began in 1972 -- but without providing a comment period required in order to issue a final ruling. To date, a final ruling has never been issued.

Without a final ruling, according to federal law, it can not be challenged in the courts.

The 1985 findings concluded the vaccine was safe and effective, but its effectiveness against inhalation anthrax was not known.

Still, Grabenstein supports the vaccine's use.

"The FDA itself says the license is a license to prevent anthrax and it does not differentiate between the route of exposure," Grabenstein said. "The anthrax vaccine does protect against anthrax, all forms."

Nass said the military has a series of "pat answers" to questions surrounding the vaccines.

"Because of all the controversy, the Army did its own so-called research," Nass said. "Everything they published said the vaccine is perfectly safe. Everyone else that has looked into the anthrax vaccine has found significant problems. You can't ask for more research to be done (by the military) because they'll say it's been done and it's safe."

Nass said more information is needed in certain areas.

"We know a lot about reactions, birth defects, a number of autoimmune disorders," Nass said. "We don't have incidence data. We need to know how many people have anything and what they have. We also need to figure out if there is any way to treat these people."

Death after vaccines

Army Reserve Spc. Lacy was studying to be a nurse when she was called to active duty in February. The South Suburban College student worked at a Lansing pizzeria and was a member of the 452 Combat Surgical Hospital unit, out of Milwaukee, where she served as a combat medic.

According to a base spokeswoman, Lacy's unit arrived at Fort McCoy, Wis., on Feb. 27, "to support the global war on terrorism."

She received the smallpox and anthrax vaccines along with the other soldiers in her unit within the week, according to the spokeswoman. Lacy began feeling ill March 17, and she went to a local emergency hospital in Sparta, Wis., about seven miles from Fort McCoy.

The doctors there began giving Lacy antibiotics, thinking she had pneumonia. She was then referred and admitted to a hospital in LaCrosse, Wis. When Lacy's condition did not improve, she was sent to the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., on April 2.

She died there three days later.

The official cause of death noted on the death certificate by Olmsted County Coroner Eric Pfeifer is diffuse alveolar damage, meaning widespread damage to the sacks of the lungs. Underlying factors are listed as, "lymphocytic pericarditis with eosinophils, post vaccination," an inflammation of the sack surrounding the heart, in addition to an allergic reaction impacting the white blood cells.

According to Pfeifer, contributing conditions included, "recent smallpox and anthrax vaccination."

But Grabenstein insists the case is still considered an "unexplained death," saying that the conclusion on the death certificate does not mean the case is closed.

"Death certificates always conclude something," Grabenstein said.

The coroner is part of a collaborative team of the CDC, FDA, Department of Defense and state of Minnesota trying to come to a conclusion as to the cause, according to Grabenstein.

Pfeifer was not available for comment.

"As (the coroner) told me, there is no evidence of any vaccine involvement, zero," Grabenstein said. "There is a theory, but it is not a conclusion."

Initial reports indicated Lacy may have unknowingly had lupus -- an autoimmune disorder that inhibits the body's ability to fight infection and disease -- when she received the inoculations. CDC recommends individuals that have a known autoimmune disorder should not receive the smallpox and anthrax vaccines.

The coroner's report on her death stated that a "lupus-like autoimmune disease" was a contributing factor in her death. Lupus itself was never diagnosed.

Nass said lupus-like diseases sometimes arise after patients receive the anthrax vaccine.

"Many soldiers have developed (similar conditions) after anthrax vaccine, but this does not mean they developed lupus," she said.

Nass said she recently spoke with the Lacy family and learned they are having a hard time obtaining a copy of autopsy results on their daughter.

"I wasn't surprised, because it's very controversial," Nass said. "The Department of Defense stands to lose a lot of money if these deaths are linked to the vaccine."

Nass said those who are becoming ill are being ignored, and sometimes, forced to face more medical risks.

"There are people getting known adverse reactions to the vaccines that are listed on the package insert and are still being made to take the subsequent vaccines," she said. "It is a disaster."

Right to refusal?

Like Rempfer, when retired Lt. Col. Mike Angarole joined the Wisconsin Air National Guard in 1992, he knew taking orders was part of the job. When he became a member of the command staff, part of his job would be giving orders as well.

But when the order came down in February 1999 to take the anthrax vaccine -- and to demand that his squadron do the same -- the pilot refused.

"Our chain of command said it would be mandatory at the time for us," he said. "I said I have a right as a civilian to refuse it. ... You're not supposed to be a sacrifice for your country. You're supposed to make the other guy die for his country."

Angarole, a Madison, Wis., resident and commercial pilot flying out of Chicago's Midway Airport, said given the concerns he had about the vaccine's safety, he wasn't willing to put himself, his family and his fellow soldiers at risk.

"I couldn't take command of the squadron knowing people had gotten ill," Angarole said. "When you start taking into consideration my future outside of the military, that's where I draw the line. I didn't give up all my rights when I signed on the dotted line. A soldier is a civilian first and then a soldier."

Six others joined him in his refusal, and their superiors were not pleased.

"We weren't seen as traitors, but as malcontents," he said.

He and the others were ordered to meet with a doctor and a lawyer, who explained their options -- take the shot or risk not being allowed to fly and being cited for dereliction of duties.

He still refused, and the Guard grounded him. Because he was a lieutenant colonel and member of the command staff, he wasn't disciplined as some others had been with a court-martial. With just six months left to go before he could retire from the Guard, Angarole decided to transfer to the Air Force Reserves and secure his retirement there.

Many of the others from his unit who refused the shots did the same.

"They still tried to make it difficult and really didn't want us," he said. "We were seen as rabble rousers."

Angarole believes the military would rather force a program it knows is flawed than admit it made a mistake that may have had deadly consequences.

"At the time, we were at peace," he said. "We knew anthrax was out there and had been out there for a number of years. But some people were trying to make four stars, to be able to say, 'Hey, look how well we're taking care of our military,' at all costs."

Angarole went to D.C. in 1999 hoping two bills would come to the floor that would cease mandatory requirements for the vaccine based on those who already had suffered health problems and the subsequent need for further scrutiny.

The bills never made it out of committee.

The pressure may be on the government even more to back its plan, now that some lawmakers are questioning whether the Bush administration exaggerated the threat of weapons of mass destruction in Iraq that led to the latest round of shots. To date, weapons inspectors have not been able to uncover any biological weapons in Iraq. Bush and his political allies have dismissed the allegations as politically motivated.

"Uncle Sam rarely fesses up, and if he does, it is after years and years have passed," he said. "We said we just want it to stop and do it right. If you're going to offer something to the troops, the tip of the spear, the young servicemen and women who are willing to lay down their lives for their country, at least give them the best vaccine you can.

"For me, I have troops I have to face 20 years from now. I want to say, 'I took good care of you. I didn't drink the Kool-Aid."

Lauri Harvey can be reached at lharvey@nwitimes.com or (219) 933-4169.

http://www.nwitimes.com/articles/2003/06/22/news/top_news/8096364ebe0cdc9d86256d4c007d7c23.html?

Anthrax attacks to the rescue..........

Oct 14, 2001
The Pentagon and BioPort deny they made a mistake, of course, and they believe their problems will be solved, perhaps next week. Government sources close to the process say as early as Monday, the FDA will approve BioPort's renovated facility, and enable it to resume shipments of the vaccine it has been stockpiling since 1999.

political pressure due to the terrorism scare is playing more of a role than quality control in expediting FDA approval.

Anthrax vaccine shipments from BioPort have been suspended by the FDA since 1998 because of questions about the facility's quality control, forcing the Pentagon to dramatically reduce its program to vaccinate all 2.4 million U.S. soldiers and reservists against anthrax.

Then there are questions about BioPort's role as the nation's only anthrax-vaccine maker. How did Fuad El-Hibri, 43, a German-born entrepreneur and former director of British vaccine-maker Porton Products, come to have so much control over the West's supply of anthrax vaccine? Why didn't the Pentagon turn to a larger, more established drug maker for the crucial anti-biowarfare weapon? And how could it let BioPort remain the sole maker of the vaccine after it failed repeatedly to gain FDA approval for its renovated facility?

Adm. William Crowe, who with Fuad El-Hibri serves as one of BioPort's owners, and who served as chairman of the Joints Chiefs of Staff during the Reagan administration. (Fuad's father, Ibrahim El-Hibri, also well-connected to the defense establishment, is a third partner in the venture.) "While BioPort certainly supports the FDA, and doesn't want any special consideration and wants a safe and effective vaccine, the approval process has gone on for a very long time for most vaccine manufacturers.

The former Porton employee, who asked not to be named, says the El-Hibris should be viewed as defense contractors, and their relationship with the Pentagon is not unique. "You have to realize: BioPort and now DynPort, these are arms dealers. They are part absolutely of the military industrial complex. This is their business. They are selling to a captive audience: the Defense Department. That's all-American. All these defense contracts -- they are boondoggles -- and that's the American way, to make as much money as possible. There's not that much unique about BioPort."

http://dir.salon.com/story/news/feature/2001/10/14/anthrax_vaccine/print.html

Remember, this company benefitted by the anthrax attacks by getting it's vaccine being held up by the FDA released from it's stockpile. This will be important later, as the FBI (who is fully aware of the true guilty) try to shift this motive over to Dr Ivins, a tiny cog in this War Machine complex.

For example, Misleading headlines like this, were rampant as the coverup went full swing when Ivins was suicided at the end of July 2008....

August 2 2008
Anthrax scientist Bruce Ivins stood to benefit from a panic

The suspect in deadly mailings, who killed himself this week as the FBI closed in, could have collected patent royalties on an anthrax vaccine.

Bruce E. Ivins, the government biodefense scientist linked to the deadly anthrax mailings of 2001, stood to gain financially from massive federal spending in the fear-filled aftermath of those killings, the Los Angeles Times has learned.

As a co-inventor of a new anthrax vaccine, Ivins was among those in line to collect patent royalties if the product had come to market, according to an executive familiar with the matter.

The product had languished on laboratory shelves until the Sept. 11 attacks and the anthrax mailings, after which federal officials raced to stockpile vaccines and antidotes against potential biological terrorism.

VaxGen, won a federal contract worth $877.5 million to provide batches of the new vaccine. The contract was the first awarded under legislation promoted by President Bush, called Project BioShield.

One executive who was familiar with the matter said that, as a condition of its purchasing the vaccine from the Army, VaxGen had agreed to share sales-related proceeds with the inventors.

"Some proportion would have been shared with the inventors," said the executive, who spoke anonymously because of contractual confidentiality. "Ivins would have stood to make tens of thousands of dollars, but not millions."


<<Ivins was making a 6 figure salary as a top research scientist. He's not going to go on a killing spree for a few thousand dollars. But Bioport would either make hundreds of millions or go under. You do the math.>>
<<Besides....>>
contract was awarded to VaxGen, the pact was terminated when the company could not deliver its batches on schedule. The termination meant that VaxGen was not paid, nor were Ivins and his co-inventors.

He also played a lead role in helping a private company, BioPort, win regulatory approval to continue making the vaccine required for U.S. service personnel deployed to Iraq, Afghanistan and other regions.

From 2000 to early 2002, Ivins and two colleagues from USAMRIID helped BioPort resolve problems related to the potency of the vaccine. Because of those and other manufacturing difficulties, production had been suspended. The efforts of Ivins and his colleagues helped BioPort win FDA approval to resume production.
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/front/la-na-anthrax2-2008aug02,0,4558967.story?page=1

<<That's what is particulary disturbing about what they did to Ivins,...... He was a dutifull servant to the system, and he was destroyed by his master.>>

While they were working on trying to get Hatfill to take the fall, Ivins was rewarded for his servitude....

At a Pentagon ceremony on March 14, 2003, Ivins and two colleagues from USAMRIID were bestowed the Decoration of Exceptional Civilian Service, the highest honor given to nonmilitary employees of the Defense Department.
http://www.latimes.com/news/printedition/front/la-na-anthrax2-2008aug02,0,4558967.story?page=2

Things are fine at first for Ivins, because Hatfill was the early target but why go after Hatfill? Because he's close to the guilty, but the guilty are untouchable, and just where did that anthrax come from?.....




Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline jimd3100

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #1 on: May 18, 2009, 07:10:38 AM »
From FBI search warrent on Dr Ivins--Financial motive-business motive....

"at the time of the attacks, Ivins was under pressure at work to assist a private company that had lost its FDA approval to produce an anthrax vaccine the Army needed for U.S. troops, and which Ivins believed was essential for the anthrax program at USAMRIID;" page 3
http://www.usdoj.gov/amerithrax/docs/07-524-m-01.pdf

Bioport Change$ it's name, then goe$ public

It was this "Private company" that isn't private anymore, that the search warrant was in reference to. They went public $$$ and changed their name to Emergent BioSolutions Inc. Check out their board of directors. This company had the financial gain motive. Not Ivins. The FBI knows this and are spinning it on Ivins. This company gets virtually all their money from the vaccine, that the Government buys from money it gets from you.
http://www.bioport.com/OurCompany/
http://investors.emergentbiosolutions.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=202582&p=irol-emergentboard

Fuad El-Hibri
Chairman of the Board of Directors
"In his June 30, 1999, testimony before "The Subcommittee on National Security, Veterans Affairs, and International Relations of the House Committee on Government Reform," El-Hibri stated that:

"Three companies currently hold voting equity in BioPort: Intervac LLC and Intervac Management LLC, which are both Maryland limited liability companies, and Michigan Biologic Products, Inc., a Michigan corporation. Intervac LLC is the controlling shareholder. Intervac LLC is owned by Admiral William J. Crowe, Jr., my wife Nancy and me....Admiral Crowe and I are the controlling members of Intervac LLC."

While Fuad El-Hibri was [sic] needed no financing to take over the State of Michigan biologic lab, he did need a front man to reassure the military with respect to their Anthrax contract. He already had the perfect front man in former chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Adm. William J. Crowe Jr. Adm. Crowe had a long history of involvement with the El-Hibri family. Crowe owns 22.5 percent of Intervac shares, although he hasn’t invested a penny in the venture."

http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Fuad_El-Hibri

Jerome M. Hauer--
Director
Hauer was the Acting Assistant Secretary for the Office of Public Health Emergency Preparedness(OPHP) within the US Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). He was appointed by HHS Secretary Tommy G. Thompson on May 5, 2002 and served until replaced on April 28, 2004. In this role, Mr. Hauer was responsible for coordinating the country’s medical and public health preparedness and response to emergencies, including acts of biological, chemical and nuclear terrorism.

He was formerly the director of Office of Emergency Management under New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani from 1996 to 2000. Additionally, he was previously an employee of Kroll Inc. which studied biological terrorism attacks

On September 11, 2001, Jerome Hauer was a national security adviser with the National Institute of Health, a managing director with Kroll Associates, and a guest on national television, because of his background in counter-terror and his specialized knowledge of biological warfare.

In the early 1990s he received a master's degree in emergency medical services from the Johns Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health (now known as the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health) and later became a member of the Johns Hopkins Working Group on Civilian Bio Defense. He wrote several articles on possible bio terrorist attacks. On April 10, 1998 Hauer attended a "roundtable on genetic engineering and biological weapons" under President Bill Clinton.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerome_Hauer

Joe M. Allbaugh
Director
After spending most of his career in Oklahoma and Texas, Allbaugh came to national prominence working for Texas governor George W. Bush and helping manage his 2000 presidential election campaign. Allbaugh then became a member of Bush's cabinet as Director of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) beginning in February 2001. He served until FEMA's transfer into the newly created Department of Homeland Security, after which he resigned in March 2003.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Allbaugh

After this guy helped Bush get elected. Bush put him in charge of FEMA, then gave FEMA some new responsibilities....

FEMA to Lead in Terrorism Response Efforts
By Vernon Loeb
Washington Post Staff Writer
Tuesday, May 8, 2001; 4:48 PM

Vice President Cheney will oversee development of a plan for responding to terrorist attacks in the United States while a new office within the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) will coordinate and terrorist response efforts by over 40 federal agencies, the Bush administration announced today.

Testifying at a joint hearing of three Senate committees, FEMA Director Joseph M. Allbaugh said he would soon be establishing an Office of National Preparedness to coordinate federal programs and assist local governments in responding to terrorist attacks involving so-called weapons of mass destruction.

President Bush, in a statement, said that "the threat of chemical, biological, or nuclear weapons being used against the United States – while not immediate – is very real."

FEMA will now assume a role previously played by the FBI's National Domestic Preparedness Office for working with local police, fire and emergency management agencies, administration officials said.

In anointing FEMA as the key domestic preparedness office for major terrorist attacks, the administration also declined, for now, to act on the recommendations of a congressionally mandated commission on national security, which recommended combining the duties of the Coast Guard, Customs Service, FEMA and Border Patrol into a new National Homeland Security Agency.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn?pagename=article&node=&contentId=A64472-2001May8

"He served until FEMA's transfer into the newly created Department of Homeland Security, after which he resigned in March 2003."

And in March of 2003, was when his buddy Bush was about to destroy Iraq, that those anthrax letters helped convince "good Americans" should be destroyed. He now had his new company ready to reap those rewards. That's why he left FEMA. Mission accomplished, and now a new mission and more money....

Allbaugh capitalized on his ties with the Bush administration by going into private business ventures connected with Bush's policy objectives. He became one of several partners involved in New Bridge Strategies, a consulting firm to help clients "evaluate and take advantage of business opportunities in the Middle East following the conclusion of the US-led war in Iraq", and Diligence-Iraq, a security company providing protection for companies doing business there. Diligence, a company founded by former CIA and FBI chief William Webster and 40 percent owned by a wealthy Kuwaiti politician. Allbaugh is the co-chair of Diligence.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Allbaugh

Joe Allbaugh- "person of interest"


They (Bioport) went public in an $86 million IPO under the name Emergent BioSolutions.....

"Emergent BioSolutions Files For $86 Million IPO  
8/15/2006 8:19:26 AM


GAITHERSBURG, Md., Aug. 15 /PRNewswire/ -- Emergent BioSolutions Inc. announced today that it has filed a registration statement with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission related to the proposed initial public offering of its common stock. The number of shares to be offered and the price range for the offering have not yet been determined.

J.P. Morgan Securities Inc. will serve as sole book-running manager for the offering. Cowen and Company, LLC will be the joint lead manager, and HSBC Securities (USA) Inc. will be the co-manager for the offering.

Emergent BioSolutions is a biopharmaceutical company focused on the development, manufacture and commercialization of immunobiotics. The Company operates in two business segments: biodefense and commercial. In its biodefense business, Emergent BioSolutions develops and commercializes immunobiotics for use against biological agents that are potential weapons of bioterrorism. The Company manufactures and markets BioThrax®, also referred to as anthrax vaccine adsorbed, the only vaccine approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the prevention of anthrax infection."
http://www.biospace.com/news_story.aspx?NewsEntityId=27454

The Rothschild family(yea that one)still has more shares of this company than any other outside entity other than Vanguard....almost 800,000 shares.....
http://moneycentral.msn.com/ownership?Holding=Institutional+Ownership&Symbol=EBS

To try and say Ivins had a financial motive is cruel and disgusting. He didn't. The entire case against him is a sham. This outfit with it's connections are the ones with a financial motive. It's in their own prospectus......

"The September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and the October 2001 anthrax letter attacks significantly affected political and budgetary attitudes toward the threat of bioterrorism. Following these attacks, the U.S. government enacted measures to provide incentives for private industry to develop and manufacture biodefense products. In particular, in 2004, the Project BioShield Act became law, providing $5.6 billion in appropriations over ten years and authorizing the procurement of countermeasures for biological, chemical, radiological and nuclear attacks. Project BioShield provides for the procurement of countermeasures for anthrax and botulism, which are two of the biological agents that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, has identified as the greatest possible threat to public health. The U.S. government procures most biodefense countermeasures through HHS, the CDC and the DoD and provides biodefense research and development funding through the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, or NIAID, of the National Institutes of Health, or NIH, and the DoD."

Market opportunity
 
We focus on the biodefense and commercial markets for immunobiotics.
 
The biodefense market
 
The biodefense market for immunobiotics has grown dramatically as a result of the increased awareness of the threat of global terror activity in the wake of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks and the October 2001 anthrax letter attacks. The letter attacks involved the delivery of mail contaminated with anthrax spores to government officials and members of the media in the United States. As a result of the letter attacks, 22 people became infected with anthrax, including 11 with inhalational anthrax, and five people died.
 
The U.S. government is the principal source of worldwide biodefense spending. Most U.S. government spending on biodefense programs results from procurement of countermeasures by HHS, the CDC and the DoD and development funding from NIAID and the DoD. The U.S. government is now the largest source of funding for academic institutions and biotechnology companies conducting biodefense basic research or developing novel vaccines and other immunobiotic therapeutics.

The Company has derived substantially all of its revenue from sales of BioThrax under contracts with the DoD and HHS. The Company expects that a significant portion of the business that it will seek in the near future, in particular for BioThrax, will be under government contracts that present a number of risks that are not typically present in the commercial contracting process. U.S. government contracts for BioThrax require annual funding decisions by the government and are subject to unilateral termination by the government. The Company may fail to achieve significant sales of BioThrax to customers in addition to the U.S. government, which would harm its growth opportunities. The Company may not be able to sustain or increase profitability.
http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/sec/filing.asp?Symbol=EBS

But you're supposed to think Ivins killed people to get a few thousand dollars. The FBI is aware of all this of course which is why Ivins and his minuscule connection to the real powers was used against him.

In a two-year span, the nation's only licensed anthrax vaccine maker went from pleading poverty to announcing $100 million in acquisitions, including other pharmaceutical companies and a new manufacturing plant near Washington, D.C.

It's a pattern that's worked well for BioPort Corp.: Tell the Pentagon or Congress that it doesn't have the money to keep going, negotiate a new deal, then count the extra cash rolling in.

During the past seven years, it's transformed an initial investment of less than $4.5 million into an international biotech firm, with contracts worth more than $450 million. During that time, the company has capitalized on its monopoly over the vaccine and on fears that opposing armies and terrorists will unleash tiny anthrax spores somewhere.

BioPort is an example of how a sole-source government contract can become a gold mine - especially if you spend wisely on the right lobbyists and public relations professionals.

BioPort counts a former Cabinet member and assistant secretary of health and human services among those it pays to gain favor with government agencies.

"You always pay a higher price when you're stuck with a sole-source," says Philip Coyle, a former assistant secretary of defense for procurement. "The government has nowhere else to go if it wants what you have to sell."

He says Pentagon officials talked about taking over the anthrax vaccine plant and operations - especially after the government held the license for the vaccine as collateral for a series of loans and payments that kept the company afloat.

"What I never heard in those discussions was why nothing ever came of it," he says.

The Pentagon isn't telling that story, and neither is BioPort.

MOST BIOPORT FINANCES AREN'T OPEN TO PUBLIC

Troops and veterans who've been asked to put BioPort's products in their bodies often point to the company's problems getting a clean bill of health for its manufacturing plant, as well as to the company's ability to always get its way with government officials. They wonder whether BioPort's connections - not its scientific and medical prowess - are behind the company's success.

BioPort is a privately held company that doesn't make its stock available for public sale. As a result, most aspects of its finances and management aren't open to public scrutiny.

The company declined to provide its officers for interviews with the Daily Press. Six weeks after receiving a list of detailed questions - and promising answers - it sent a box containing two books and some news releases. None of the questions was answered.

BioPort's approach to veterans is similar: It sends substitutes to speak for it, often without disclosing that those sources were paid by the company. Those surrogates disregard evidence of deaths or severe health problems from the vaccine, and they provide testimony to government regulators and the public.

Meanwhile, the veterans who think that they've been harmed by the vaccine live on disability payments or suffer in silence.

No government grants support research into their questions about the shot.

EX-JOINT CHIEFS HEAD WAS NAMED DIRECTOR

Until 1998, the nation's only manufacturing plant for anthrax vaccine was owned and operated by the state of Michigan. The state agency that ran the plant was losing money, so the state put the operation and its license for making the anthrax vaccine up for bid.

Fuad El-Hibri, a 40-year-old German businessman with a Yale University management degree, formed a team of investors to buy the business, which included a $100 million contract with the Pentagon.

His bid faced a problem, though: He and his father, Ibrahim El-Hibri, a wealthy international financier from Lebanon, dominated ownership of the company, which they named BioPort.

Both were considered friendly to the United States. Father and son had directed a company involved in Britain's anthrax vaccine program and they had worldwide interests in cell phone networks and other ventures.

But the U.S. government was not keen on letting a foreign-owned company control its anthrax vaccine. The only other bidder was also based overseas.

So Fuad El-Hibri played a trump card: A family friend, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Adm. William Crowe, was made a director.

Crowe put no money into BioPort but got about 10 percent of the stock, government records show. El-Hibri says Crowe immediately advised him to apply for U.S. citizenship.

Crowe's advice was good, El-Hibri said. But Crowe's connections were better: He was the military's top officer during the Reagan administration, then endorsed Bill Clinton for president in 1992. Clinton made him U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom, and while serving there, Crowe was close to the El-Hibri family, congressional testimony shows.

Crowe has persistently declined comment on his investment or role with the company, except for congressional testimony in 1999, when BioPort was seeking its second government bailout. During that testimony, he was asked whether he'd lobbied Pentagon officials for BioPort. Crowe vehemently denied it.

At that point, BioPort had all the leverage over the Pentagon that it needed - if the military wanted to continue its year-old program of inoculating every service member against anthrax.

Even though the Pentagon gave Michigan more than $20 million for new equipment and repairs and $100 million in guaranteed contracts the previous de- cade, the plant had several problems. It was shut for renovations in March 1998, six months before BioPort bought all operations and licenses in a $25 million package of cash, loans and promises of future payments.

Food and Drug Administration inspections found repeated problems before and after BioPort took over. BioPort brought in more, and better-paid, consultants and employees to fix things up - even though its minor partners included managers who had run the plant that provided millions of doses of vaccine to U.S. troops, congressional records show.

As part of the sale, BioPort assumed the right to sell about $7.9 million of vaccines already made and promised to the U.S. military. Within weeks, it signed a new contract with the Pentagon providing for $45.1 million more, including $16 million in immediate cash for plant renovations. The deal required the government to pay for vaccine even if the drugs weren't licensed for use.

MONEY FLOWED DESPITE

QUESTIONS ON EXPENSES

That wasn't enough for BioPort: Nine months later, in June 1999, it was still struggling to get FDA approval of its manufacturing plant. The company said it was running out of money and needed more help.

Pentagon auditors looked at BioPort's books and concluded that millions of dollars were unaccounted for. BioPort didn't even know the cost of making a dose of vaccine, the auditors reported.

It was clear that $1 million had been spent to renovate and furnish offices, as well as $1.28 million more on bonuses for "senior management."

One unnamed former manager got $10,000 a month for as much as 40 months - whether he worked or not, records show.

And $1 million more had been spent on items unrelated to anthrax production, the auditors said.

They concluded that BioPort's request for extra money didn't meet legal requirements.

But Pentagon contract officers, citing "the interests of national security," overruled them and approved a $24.1 million bailout in September 1999.

The contract addition that they blessed paid all the company's debts and provided a 144 percent increase in payment for each anthrax vaccine dose, from $4.36 to $10.64.

It was $2 million less than BioPort sought. Pentagon officers wrote that by chopping the amount, they didn't have to notify Congress about the new deal.

Congress found out anyway, but did nothing to stop the deal.

Hearings were held, including one by Sen. John Warner, R-Va., chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee. His session involved only BioPort officials and others who supported the bailout.

A second hearing involving critics of the company and the renegotiated contract was promised but never held.

More aggressive questioning took place in the House of Representatives. It was determined that El-Hibri and his partners had invested only $4.5 million of their own money, in cash and loan guarantees.

All that money and the cash the Pentagon had chipped in was gone, spent on renovations, consultants' fees and physical improvements, congressional investigators found.

Further, the original $25 million deal with Michigan had become $14.45 million.

"The message seems clear: If a company wants to make millions without providing a product or service, enter into a sole-source contract with the De- partment of Defense to produce vaccines," Rep. Walter Jones, R-N.C., said in a written statement. "BioPort appears to have the government over a barrel."

Louis J. Rodrigues of the Government Accountability Office - a congressional oversight agency that's frequently criticized BioPort and the Pentagon's management of the vaccine program - told Congress that it "had no option" but to pay up if it wanted anthrax vaccine.

The Pentagon contractors who made the original deal with BioPort should have known there was no way that the company could stay in business, Rodrigues said.

"We did nothing to force BioPort's hand and make them come up with a cost-control system," he said.

Or, he added, a realistic business model.

COMPANY TROUBLED BEFORE 9/11

Pentagon officials promised Congress that they'd do a better job - in part by assigning government employees to oversee the company's bookkeeping and quality-control systems.

They denied that they'd been patsies for the well-connected company.

"All I am trying to say is that this is not a sweetheart deal," David R. Oliver, then principal deputy undersecretary of defense for acquisition technologies, told Congress.

BioPort struggled for more than three years to get licensing for its plant and product. Meanwhile, batches of vaccine were made and the Pentagon paid for each - including money for storage of unusable vaccine.

Vaccine made before the plant renovation kept going into the arms of thousands of troops. Dozens of them came to Congress, complaining that the drug made them permanently ill, giving them headaches, joint pain, loss of memory and more severe symptoms.

By 2000, even the Pentagon had lost patience and told BioPort to stop making vaccine until the plant regained its license. But the military agreed to keep making payments anyway, to keep the company afloat.

Those payments meant that BioPort's owners didn't have to borrow money elsewhere and didn't have to risk their personal finances, a congressional auditor testified in 2000.

By January 2002 - when federal drug regulators finally agreed that the plant and company could resume licensed operations - the Pentagon had paid BioPort $126 million for drugs that were stored and unlicensed, congressional records show. It also paid $33.5 million during that time for vaccine given to 525,000 troops.

The months before the licensing approval were tumultuous for the company and the nation.

In August 2001, Congress and the Pentagon publicly said they were considering giving up on BioPort and its failures in getting operations up to snuff.

Meanwhile, BioPort brought in more business partners and consultants from established vaccine companies and government contractors to figure out how to regain its license.

Then came Sept. 11, 2001, followed the next month by deadly anthrax-laden letters to members of Congress and others in Washington, D.C.; Connecticut; and Florida.

Instead of asking questions about the vaccine's safety, many members of Congress began asking why more doses weren't available.

Tommy Thompson, then secretary of health and human services and the Bush administration official responsible for vaccine and drug licensing, was caught between a Congress that wanted action and critics who feared political pressure would hasten licensure.

"I can assure you nobody is pressuring FDA to approve this," he said in October 2001.

Three months later, BioPort had its license back.

A few months after that, it was back to pleading poverty.

This time, BioPort was after a bigger prize: a contract to supply millions of doses of anthrax vaccine for use by civilians, postal workers, police, firefighters and others who might encounter domestic terrorism.

A $1 billion contract was being waved in front of vaccine and pharmaceutical makers, the largest in government history.

BioPort responded as it had in the past.

In a series of interviews, company officials said their business was "at risk" and in financial jeopardy if the government did not quickly give it the contract for a domestic vaccine stockpile - or a new Pentagon deal.

If BioPort was on the ropes financially, its biggest stockholders didn't seem to feel it.

During the same week the president of BioPort pronounced it "at risk," the chairman of the board and biggest stockholders - El-Hibri and his wife, Nancy - were in the news because neighbors were complaining about their plans to build an 88-acre commercial equestrian and polo center near their home in Gaithersburg, Md., near Washington, D.C.

The El-Hibris had never moved to Michigan to oversee the daily struggle over licensing at the vaccine plant there.

BIOPORT FOCUSES ON WASHINGTON, D.C.

Washington, D.C., was the focus of much of BioPort's attention anyway.

In 2002, records show, the company increased spending for lobbyists in Congress, from $30,000 to $110,000. The amount doubled the following year.

BioPort also hired Ruder Finn and Fleishman-Hillard, high-powered public relations firms staffed by many former government officials.

BioPort, still the nation's only licensed anthrax vaccine manufacturer, began sponsoring "public education seminars" and studies to build support for a bigger government stockpile of the drug.

On the first anniversary of the Sept. 11 attacks, six doctors, scientists and former military officers - described as a "panel of bioterrorism experts" by BioPort - announced the need for preparedness. Their primary recommendation was to not rely on a new anthrax vaccine but to purchase millions of doses of BioPort's product.

BioPort paid several of the people on that panel to review and endorse the report, including former military officers who only a year before told Congress how safe and effective the company's vaccine was.

They included Marine Maj. Gen. Randy West and Lt. Gen. Ronald Blanck, a former Army surgeon general.

West said he was paid $5,000 for reviewing the report, which was written by either BioPort or its public relations agent - not the experts on the panel.

Even though the ghost writing wasn't known at the time, a critic from the conservative Cato Institute publicly dismissed the panel's work as "just BioPort trying to make some money."

COMPANY CONNECTIONS WEREN'T PUBLICIZED

After that, the company's efforts became less obvious.

Muhiuddm Haider, an unpaid member of the panel and a professor in the school of public health at George Washington University, started operating a Web site for BioPort in support of the anthrax vaccine.

BioPort's name doesn't appear anywhere on the site, but the company supplies all the money to operate it, $40,000 a year, Haider said.

The Web site says it's sponsored by the Partnership for Anthrax Vaccination Education, or P.A.V.E., a group of medical organizations that includes the prestigious American Medical Association.

Earlier this year, Haider and P.A.V.E. petitioned the FDA to license the anthrax vaccine for use against inhaled spores of the bacteria.

The ties to BioPort were not disclosed then, either.

P.A.V.E.'s Web site and the organization's publications extol the need for vaccine and say the vaccine is safe. They mention none of the side effects, even the minor ones that the Pentagon acknowledges are suffered by a third or more of those who get the shots.

"I am not marketing for BioPort," Haider says. "I am marketing for public safety."

P.A.V.E.'s public safety efforts began with a series of forums. Featured speakers were West, officials from BioPort, Haider and others connected to BioPort.

People who question the effectiveness and safety of the vaccine aren't on the agenda for those forums.

A frequent speaker is Jerome Hauer, former assistant secretary of health and human services for emergency preparedness. He was a leading proponent of stockpiling anthrax vaccine for civilian use while he was on the government payroll.

In his first few appearances at P.A.V.E. events, Hauer's connections to BioPort weren't disclosed. He'd become a paid consultant.

Later, he took over a new bioterrorism institute at Haider's university.

He was named to BioPort's board of directors in June and has been lobbying for the company's products.

As BioPort's board expanded, so did its business.

By September 2003, the Pentagon was paying $22 a dose - more than double the price negotiated in the 1999 bailout.

Cash was coming in fast. The company could make a million more doses a year than the military demanded, El-Hibri told TWST, a Web site that runs verbatim interviews with business leaders.

"We are debt-free and profitable," he said.

VACCINE PROFITS FUEL BIG PURCHASES

BioPort was now a subsidiary of Emergent BioSolutions, led by El-Hibri and his business partners.

By the end of 2003, Emergent announced the purchase of a Maryland drug maker for more than $3 million and signed a new contract with the Pentagon, worth from $29.7 million to $245 million, depending on the doses sold.

The following year, it began building a second, $95 million, anthrax vaccine plant in Frederick, Md.

In January of this year, Emergent signed a deal with the British government to work cooperatively on toxoid and botulism vaccines, including a pledge to spend at least $2 million during the next two years. Purchase of a British company working on five vaccines, including an oral anthrax vaccine, followed weeks later.

ONE CONTRACT LOST, BUT ANOTHER WAS WON

But BioPort and its parent still hadn't landed the big prize: supplying anthrax vaccine for the U.S. domestic stockpile.

BioPort and other companies received seed money to research a new-generation anthrax vaccine. But when the $1 billion contract was awarded in November 2004, it went to VaxGen Inc., a California company without a licensed product and in trouble for misreporting financial results to Wall Street.

VaxGen's vaccine isn't ready for use yet and is in early trials, years away from licensing. Government grants finance at least 11 other efforts to provide alternatives to BioPort's vaccine, aiming for a safer, more effective product.

When BioPort couldn't win in the lab, it doubled its efforts in Congress and other branches of government, adding more and better lobbyists.

It had hired Louis Sullivan, secretary of health and human services under President George H.W. Bush - the current president's father. But higher-powered help was needed.

TWO NEW LOBBYISTS

EQUALS ONE BIG DEAL

McKenna Long & Aldridge, a powerful Washington, D.C., law and lobbying firm also known as "MLA," was hired Jan. 1 of this year, U.S. Senate lobbying records show.

Within six months, it reported $140,000 in lobbying fees and helped bring BioPort a $122.7 million contract to supply 5 million doses of the vaccine to the Department of Health and Human Services, the second-largest award under BioShield, the federal law that created a domestic stockpile of antiterror vaccines.

The lobbyist's news release was headlined, "MLA Helps Client Secure BioShield Contract for AVA Anthrax Vaccine."

MLA had supplied several lawyers, including one who'd helped write the Homeland Security Act of 2002 and two who'd been tapped by Congress for help in creating the BioShield law.

But they couldn't do it alone.

Four days before the big contract award, BioPort added lobbyist John Hishta to the team. A few weeks later, he filed a U.S. Senate lobbyist report saying BioPort had paid him $30,000 for "procuring a government contract for anthrax vaccine."

Hishta was executive director of the National Republican Congressional Campaign Committee during its successful 2002 election campaign. The committee is the main strategy and fund-raising organization for Republican candidates in the House of Representatives.

Hishta also managed a re-election campaign for Virginia Sen. John Warner. Warner is an important ally of the Pentagon in the anthrax vaccination program.

BioPort is still delivering those 5 million doses for the BioShield contract.

But the company didn't wait to resume its well-practiced, well-rewarded strategy for success: threatening to stop vaccine production, then reaping a new contract.

On July 14, BioPort President Robert Kramer told Congress that if the government didn't promise to buy even more vaccine for the domestic stockpile, the company might have to stop producing anthrax vaccine altogether.

"We'll have to make a very simple business decision," he testified.

Whether it was the renewed threat - or just coincidence - BioPort once again got the desired result.

Last month, Health and Human Services posted a notice that it would enter private negotiations with BioPort to supply an additional 5 million doses of anthrax vaccine for the domestic stockpile.

The price to taxpayers hasn't been determined yet.


http://www.dailypress.com/news/dp-anth-day4-bioportdec06,0,6057174,print.story

If it weren't for the anthrax attacks Bioport wouldn't exist. But Bioport didn't make the weaponized anthrax. They just benefited greatly from it. So who made that anthrax and why was Hatfill an early sacrifice target?
Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline jimd3100

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #2 on: May 19, 2009, 08:06:42 AM »
After the anthrax attacks, the investigation should have been over pretty quick, and frankly I think it was. What took so long was the cover up and the execution of a patsy. If the anthrax was from an illegal Bioweapons stockpile, you don't really expect the FBI to announce to the world that the U.S. Government is violating an international arms treaty and committing false flag attacks on it's own citizens do you? No, they would be busy trying to find a patsy. The FBI doesn't work or take orders from you or Congress. The FBI works for the President. The President appoints the Director of the FBI, and that's who the organization works for. If you'd like proof of that here it is...

"A former landlord of two of the September 11 hijackers was an FBI informant at the time, knowledgeable sources confirm to CNN."
http://archives.cnn.com/2002/US/09/11/ar911.hijackers.landlord/

"The Administration also would not agree to allow the FBI to serve a Committee subpoena and deposition notice on the informant."
http://www.gpoaccess.gov/serialset/creports/pdf/fullreport_errata.pdf

"In July 2003, the asset was given a $100,000 payment and closed as an asset."
http://www.fas.org/irp/agency/doj/oig/fbi-911/chap5.pdf

Interview with Sen Graham....
In the book, you describe being furious with the FBI for blocking your committee's attempts to interview that paid FBI informant. You write that the panel needed the bureau to deliver a congressional subpoena to the informant because he was in the FBI's protective custody and could not be located without the bureau's cooperation. But the FBI refused to help. What happened? And what do you think the bureau was trying to hide?

We had just finished a hearing and had asked various representatives of the FBI to come into a conference room and discuss our strong interest in being able to interview the San Diego informant. It was clear that the FBI representatives were not going to voluntarily allow that to happen, and we had already prepared a subpoena, which I had in my coat pocket. I walked over to the principal representative for the FBI, Ken Wainstein, and I was approaching him with this subpoena, he clasped his hands tightly behind his back. I tried to hand him the subpoena, but he acted as if it were radioactive. Finally he said he didn't want to take the subpoena, but he would get back to us on the following Monday. Well, nobody ever got back to us. It was the only time in my senatorial experience that the FBI has refused to deliver a legally issued congressional subpoena.

Later, the FBI congressional affairs officer sent a letter to [co-chairman] Porter Goss and me, saying, "The administration would not sanction a staff interview with the source, nor did the administration agree to allow the FBI to serve a subpoena on the source." What that tells me is the FBI wasn't acting on its own but had been directed by the White House not to cooperate.

http://dir.salon.com/story/news/feature/2004/09/08/graham/index1.html

That doesn't mean every field agent is corrupt and every report is falsified BTW. But the leadership of The FBI (and FEMA) are about as corrupt as it gets.

Bush was determined to attack Iraq from his first cabinet meeting when he took office. Paul O'Neil was there. He should know and he exposed it in his book The Price of Loyalty.

As corrupt as FBI head R Mueller is, there is a limit as to how far he will go. To blame this on "Al qaeda" who was getting help from Iraq, was just not possible. It would be f**king insane to even try. Well, Mueller was working for insane traitors evidently.......

FBI was told to blame Anthrax scare on Al Qaeda by White House officials
BY JAMES GORDON MEEK
DAILY NEWS WASHINGTON BUREAU

Saturday, August 2nd 2008, 6:32 PM

WASHINGTON - In the immediate aftermath of the 2001 anthrax attacks, White House officials repeatedly pressed FBI Director Robert Mueller to prove it was a second-wave assault by Al Qaeda, but investigators ruled that out, the Daily News has learned.

After the Oct. 5, 2001, death from anthrax exposure of Sun photo editor Robert Stevens, Mueller was "beaten up" during President Bush's morning intelligence briefings for not producing proof the killer spores were the handiwork of terrorist mastermind Osama Bin Laden, according to a former aide.

"They really wanted to blame somebody in the Middle East," the retired senior FBI official told The News.

On October 15, 2001, President Bush said, "There may be some possible link" to Bin Laden, adding, "I wouldn't put it past him." Vice President Cheney also said Bin Laden's henchmen were trained "how to deploy and use these kinds of substances, so you start to piece it all together."

But by then the FBI already knew anthrax spilling out of letters addressed to media outlets and to a U.S. senator was a military strain of the bioweapon. "Very quickly [Fort Detrick, Md., experts] told us this was not something some guy in a cave could come up with," the ex-FBI official said. "They couldn't go from box cutters one week to weapons-grade anthrax the next." jmeek@nydailynews.com

http://www.nydailynews.com/news/us_world/2008/08/02/2008-08-02_fbi_was_told_to_blame_anthrax_scare_on_a.html

But a month later Bush was on the Radio still terrorizing the Nation....

THE PRESIDENT: We do not yet know who sent the anthrax -- whether it was the same terrorists who committed the attacks on September the 11th, or whether it was the -- other international or domestic terrorists.  We do know that anyone who would try to infect other people with anthrax is guilty of an act of terror.  We will solve these crimes, and we will punish those responsible.  As we learn more about these anthrax attacks, the government will share the confirmed and credible information we have with you.  I'm proud of our citizens' calm and reasoned response to this ongoing terrorist attack.
http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0111/03/smn.26.html

Investigators no doubt immediately focused on a paper written in 1999, that discussed anthrax being sent through the U.S. Mail system. Obviously since that just happend they'd want to have a look at the paper and everyone involved in it. Enter Steven Hatfill......

By Scott Shane | Sun Staff
June 27, 2002
Dr. Steven J. Hatfill, the former Fort Detrick biodefense researcher whose Frederick apartment was searched Tuesday by the FBI, commissioned a 1999 study that described a fictional terrorist attack in which an envelope containing weapons-grade anthrax is opened in an office.

The study, written by a veteran of the old U.S. bioweapons program, was submitted to Hatfill and a colleague at Science Applications International Corp., the McLean, Va., defense contractor where he then worked.

The author, William C. Patrick III, describes placing 2.5 grams of Bacillus globigii, an anthrax simulant, in a standard business envelope - slightly more than the estimated amount of anthrax in each of the letters that killed five people last fall.

The study discussing the mail attack, for instance, was written as a scientific exercise to draw on Patrick's expertise and help improve defenses against bioterrorism. But the FBI must consider the possibility that such a document could have planted the seed for a terrorist plot
http://www.baltimoresun.com/bal-te.anthrax27jun27,0,3331733.story

Mar 11, 2007
Hatfill came on the radar screen in the first place because he seemed to fit the FBI profile as an American scientist who had worked at a U.S. Army laboratory where the strain of anthrax used in the attacks was stored.

There were other – quote – "curiosities." For instance, he commissioned a study in 1999 of how emergency personnel should respond in the event of an anthrax mailing.

http://cbs3.com/topstories/60.Minutes.anthrax.2.281289.html

Yes, the CIA studied how anthrax could be sent through the mail in 1999. Hatfill and a colleague of his received the study. The study was written by an expert in making the kind of anthrax that was used in the attacks occurring just after 9/11. Gee. What a freaking coincidence. Hatfill is the first choice as fall guy. But Hatfill has never made powdered anthrax. That's a problem.


But in his deposition, Richard Lambert, who oversaw the FBI investigation, said there were other people on the radar screen.

"There were 20 to 30 other people who were also likewise identified as 'persons of interest' in the investigation," Lambert said during the deposition.

Lambert couldn't identify the other people, acknowledging that his testimony could stigmatize those individuals.

According to former Justice Department officials familiar with the case at least a dozen of those people still have not been eliminated as "persons of interest." And yet, only Hatfill was ever identified.

Hatfill wouldn't give 60 Minutes an interview; but his lawyer, Tom Connolly, did speak to Stahl.

"If you want a blueprint for ruining somebody, this is how you do it. You engage in a campaign of leaking investigative information to your favorite reporters who then write it, and create a caricature of you," Connolly tells Stahl.

"I know as a matter of existential truth it was the FBI and DOJ."

"Because I have FBI agents under oath, who acknowledge under oath, that it couldn't have been coming from anywhere else because of what was being leaked," he explains.

"Let me say one thing with absolute certainty: he has never in his life ever worked with anthrax," Hatfill's attorney, Tom Connolly, insists.

"Something else that came out that Dr. Hatfill went on Cipro right before these anthrax letters started appearing.

So yes, he's on Cipro. But the fuller truth is in fact he was on Cipro because a doctor gave it to him after sinus surgery," Connolly explains.

On the Cipro question, Hatfill's medical records confirm that five weeks before the anthrax attacks, he had sinus surgery and was prescribed Cipro.

Senator Charles Grassley, a Republican from Iowa, has looked into the case and has concluded that there was leaking by top officials and that the purpose was not to shut Hatfill down, but to hide the lack of progress in the case.

According to Special Agent Robert Roth his boss, Rick Lambert, got so fed up with the leaks, he tried to find out the source.

He wanted to launch a criminal investigation," Roth said.

He said Director Robert Mueller rejected that idea; but to stop any future leaks, Mueller ordered the various teams working on the case to stop sharing information.

Lambert wrote a memo protesting that policy – which is known as stove piping – where different teams of investigators are not allowed to exchange information. Lambert's memo says that "… would inhibit our ability to 'connect the dots' just as it had in the lead up to 9/11."

He said, 'I still want you to compartmentalize the case,' and that's exactly what I did," Lambert testified.

But what the stove piping really did, says Sen. Grassley, was undercut the anthrax investigation. "If you got these three teams working to solve the same problem, and they can't talk to each other, they aren't going to be able to do their job," he argues

Asked if he thinks there's a possibility that this case may never be solved, Sen. Grassley tells Stahl, "Without a doubt, Yeah. It's just turning out to be a cold case."

http://cbs3.com/topstories/60.Minutes.anthrax.2.281289.html


The study, written by a veteran of the old U.S. bioweapons program, was submitted to Hatfill and a colleague at Science Applications International Corp., the McLean, Va., defense contractor where he then worked.
http://www.baltimoresun.com/bal-te.anthrax27jun27,0,3331733.story

His "colleague" was an FBI informant that the FBI then hired full time to help frame Hatfill. Not unlike what they will do later with Ivins and his "therapist"....

Source: Washington Post, September 7, 2003
Analyst Gave Details on 'Person of Interest' in Anthrax Probe

By Marilyn W. Thompson, Washington Post Staff Writer

The FBI has hired a former colleague of Steven J. Hatfill who provided the bureau with information about him for its long-running anthrax investigation, an unusual move that some experts said could pose an appearance of conflict of interest if the government tries to use the employee as a prosecution witness.

An FBI spokesman said the recent hiring of Glenn Cross as a full-time counterterrorism analyst based at FBI headquarters is "not related to the anthrax case" and would not prevent him from testifying before a grand jury or in a court proceeding.

Although Justice Department guidelines permit the FBI to make cash payments to confidential informants, lawyers say it is unusual for the FBI to give a full-time government position to a person who has worked with the bureau in developing a criminal investigation.

Hatfill's attorney, Nick Bravin, declined to comment on Cross's new role at the FBI. Pat Clawson, a Hatfill friend who served until recently as his spokesman, said Cross's cooperation with the bureau was well known at the company where the two worked, Science Applications International Corp. in McLean.

Reached at the FBI, Cross declined to comment and referred questions to the FBI press office.

http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/bioter/hatfillcolleaguejob.html

Hatfill fought back. Ivins was more vulnerable. But lets look at the anthrax, and who could have made it and where....
Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline jimd3100

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #3 on: May 19, 2009, 06:25:50 PM »
"In my opinion, there are maybe four or five people in the whole country who might be able to make this stuff, and I'm one of them," said Richard O. Spertzel, chief biological inspector for the U.N. Special Commission from 1994 to 1998. "And even with a good lab and staff to help run it, it might take me a year to come up with a product as good."
http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A28334-2002Oct27?language=printer

One of those people was not Dr Ivins by the way. But I would presume William C Patrick III was.

The author, William C. Patrick III, describes placing 2.5 grams of Bacillus globigii, an anthrax simulant, in a standard business envelope - slightly more than the estimated amount of anthrax in each of the letters that killed five people last fall.

The study discussing the mail attack, for instance, was written as a scientific exercise to draw on Patrick's expertise and help improve defenses against bioterrorism. But the FBI must consider the possibility that such a document could have planted the seed for a terrorist plot
http://www.baltimoresun.com/bal-te.anthrax27jun27,0,3331733.story

Patrick wrote the study in 1999 of how terrorists could send anthrax through the mail. Naturally that would be interesting to investigators. Especially since he himself is an expert at making this kind of deadly anthrax.

But Patrick is "off limits", because he is CIA. He knows to much about the illegal bioweapons program the USA has. He's "untouchable". There is also the possibility that he himself could have made this anthrax and not be guilty of the attacks in the fall of 2001. Even if he made the anthrax, that doesn't mean he mailed it.

It does seem as though if Patrick himself didn't make this anthrax he knows who did. Very few people can do what Patrick is an expert in, and he knows the others. But frankly I don't believe the person who made the anthrax is the person who mailed it. I believe the anthrax was already made before Sept 11, because it's extremely unlikely that this was whipped up by a "lone nut" in a week.  Access to an illegal bioweapons program where weaponized anthrax is made or stored, is all that is needed. So the person that mailed the anthrax could be anyone with access to an illegal bioweapons storage facility that will never be revealed. Because it officially "doesn't exist".

by William J. Broad
The New York Times
December 3, 2001
The dry powder used in the anthrax attacks is virtually indistinguishable in critical technical respects from that produced by the U.S. military before it shut down its biowarfare program, according to federal scientists and military contractor documents.


A yardstick for measuring the quality of anthrax emerged more than two years ago when William C. Patrick III, a longtime federal consultant and one of the nation's top experts on biological weapons, wrote a report assessing the possible risks if terrorists were to send anthrax through the mail. Based on the difficulty of developing advanced anthrax, he predicted that the terrorist germs would be one-20th as concentrated as what the government developed and what recently turned letters into munitions.

Patrick, in his risk assessment, sketched out both what the American military achieved and what a terrorist might do. His 28-page report, dated February 1999, was written for a federal contractor advising the government on how to handle the growing number of anthrax hoaxes and what to expect if real anthrax was sent through the mail.
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/12/03/us/a-nation-challenged-the-spores-terror-anthrax-resembles-type-made-by-us.html?pagewanted=all

The Federal Bureau of Investigation recently expanded its investigation of anthrax suspects to include government and contractor laboratories as a possible source of the deadly powder itself, or of knowledge of how to make it.

"The quality of the spores is very good," said a federal science adviser who shared the Patrick report with The New York Times. "This is very high-quality stuff" -- equal, he said, in concentration to that produced by the United States military before it abandoned germ weapons.

The high quality, the adviser said, lends credence to the idea that someone with links to military laboratories or their contractors might be behind the attacks. "It's frightening to think that one of our own scientists could have done something like this," he said. "But it's definitely possible."

He said the anthrax sent to the Senate contained as many as one trillion spores per gram, a figure confirmed by an administration official.

In his assessment, Mr. Patrick drew on personal knowledge acquired while working in the nation's offensive biological weapons program from 1951 to 1969, when it was dismantled, at which time he was chief of the division of product development. He won five patents with his colleagues for ways to make biological weapons.

His 1999 report focused on what kinds of contamination terrorist anthrax would cause when a letter was opened and what the requirements for decontamination were.

He predicted that an envelope would hold 2.5 grams of anthrax -- an amount strikingly close to what is thought to have been mailed to Senator Daschle.
http://www.ph.ucla.edu/EPI/bioter/terroranthraxlinkedus.html

"And even with a good lab and staff to help run it, it might take me a year to come up with a product as good."
http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A28334-2002Oct27?language=printer

Barbara Rosenberg, a microbiologist with the State University of New York at Purchase, accuses the FBI of stalling to protect government secrets.

"There may be embarrassing information connected with the entire event and there may not be real enthusiasm about bringing this information out to the public," she said.
http://archives.cnn.com/2002/US/03/26/anthrax.investigation/

The extraordinary concentration (one trillion spores per gram) and purity of the letter anthrax is believed to be characteristic of material made by the optimal US process.

The optimal US weaponization process is secret-Bill Patrick, its inventor, holds five secret patents on the process and says it involves a combination of chemicals . There is no evidence that any other country possesses the formula.

The recipe for weaponizing anthrax was classified. Only a few scientists in the world knew how to weaponize it and those worked for the defense department or the CIA or their contractors.
http://www.newsgarden.org/columns/anthrax/usrecipe.shtml

There was only one week between Sept 11 and Sept 18, when the first two letters (and probably another letter, never found, to AMI) were postmarked. This suggests that the anthrax was already in hand, and the attack largely planned, before Sept 11.
http://911review.org/Wget/www.fas.org/bwc/news/anthraxreport.htm

I think it's obvious the anthrax was made by a very skilled research scientist participating in an illegal bioweapons research program. But I don't believe this scientist whoever he is, mailed the letters, that would turn him from a research scientist into a serial killer.  I think the anthrax was already made and stolen from an illegal secret stockpile.

Biological Weapons Convention (BWC)was drafted as far back in 1972 and came into force in 1975, to prevent development, production, stockpiling of such weapons, Despite it was signed by 159 countries, there is no agreement in how to enforce it. ....Publicly, of course, every country denies possession of such weapons.  page 10
http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Zi51mWO_4PQC&oi=fnd&pg=PA7&dq=dugway+%22federal+express%22&ots=CaYcfV9m0e&sig=vhv-YtHSyWwWl93vkAlqhSZEk90#PPA10,M1

So let's look at the anthrax, could a lone nut make it by himself in a few hours(according to FBI accusation against Ivins) and exactly where was this weaponized anthrax being made and stored at?
Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline jimd3100

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #4 on: May 20, 2009, 05:48:01 PM »
The similarity to the levels achieved by the United States military lends support to the idea that someone with ties to the old program may be behind the attacks that have killed five people.

William Capers Patrick III was part of the original Fort Detrick anthrax development program, which "officially" ended in 1972 when President Nixon signed, along with the Soviet Union and United Kingdom, the Biological Weapons Convention. Nixon had actually ordered the Pentagon to stop producing biological weapons in 1969. It now seems likely that the U.S. military and intelligence community failed to follow Nixon's orders and, in fact, have consistently violated a lawful treaty signed by the United States.

"The quality of the spores is very good," said a federal science adviser who shared the Patrick report with The New York Times. "This is very high-quality stuff" -- equal, he said, in concentration to that produced by the United States military before it abandoned germ weapons.

In his report, Mr. Patrick said the American program had achieved a concentration of one trillion spores per gram -- what scientists today say is near the theoretical limit of how many of the microscopic spheres can be packed into a tiny space.

Still, the 500 billion figure is half the concentration that the American government and whoever sent the letters are said to have achieved.

"I don't think they're manufacturing this in caves," Dr. Alibek said of the terror anthrax. "It's coming from another source."
http://www.ph.ucla.edu/EPI/bioter/terroranthraxlinkedus.html

From FBI affidavit in support of search warrent on Dr Ivins:
"Microscopic examination of the evidentiary spore powders recovered from all four letters identified an elemental signature of Silicon within the spores. This Silicon signature had not been previously described for Bacillus anthracis organisms." page 4
http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-430SWAffidavit07524.pdf

The anthrax--nanotechnology used

Source: Science magazine, November 28, 2003

Anthrax Powder: State of the Art?
GARY MATSUMOTO


ARE YOU AFRAID?” asked the attackers. “Yes,” should have been the answer, according to some biodefense experts, who think that the anthrax spores mailed to Senators Thomas Daschle (D–SD) and Patrick Leahy (D–VT) in the fall of 2001 represented the state of the art in bioweapons refinement, revealing telltale clues about the source. This view is controversial, however, because others dispute the sophistication of the Senate powder, and a schism now exists among scientists who analyzed it for the FBI.

One group, comprised mostly of microbiologists and molecular biologists, argues that this material could have been a do-ityourself job, made by someone knowledgeable but with run-of-the-mill lab equipment on a modest budget. This contingent includes one well-known bioweaponeer, Ken Alibek, who defected from Russia to the United States in 1992.

The other faction thinks that the powder mailed to the Senate (widely reported to be more refined than the one mailed to the TV networks in New York) was a diabolical advance in biological weapons technology. This diverse group includes scientists who specialize in biodefense for the Pentagon and other federal agencies, private-sector scientists who make small particles for use in pharmaceutical powders, and an electronics researcher, chemist Stuart Jacobsen of Texas.

Early in the investigation, the FBI appeared to endorse the latter view: that only a sophisticated lab could have produced the material used in the Senate attack. This was the consensus among biodefense specialists working for the government and the military. In May 2002, 16 of these scientists and physicians published a paper in the Journal of the American Medical Association, describing the Senate anthrax powder as “weapons-grade” and exceptional: “high spore concentration, uniform particle size, low electrostatic charge, treated to reduce clumping” (JAMA, 1 May 2002, p. 2237). Donald A. Henderson, former assistant secretary for the Office of Public Health Preparedness at the Department of Health and Human Services, expressed an almost grudging respect: “It just didn’t have to be that good” to be lethal, he told Science.

As the investigation dragged on, however, its focus shifted. In a key disclosure, U.S. Attorney General John Ashcroft revealed in August 2002 that Justice Department officials had fixed on one of 30 so-called “persons of interest”: Steven J. Hatfill, a doctor and virologist who in 1997 conducted research with the Ebola virus at the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases in Fort Detrick, Maryland. (Hatfill has denied any involvement in the anthrax mailing.) Although the FBI did not spell out its theory, this announcement and leaks to the media from federal investigators indicated that the inquiry had embraced the idea that a lone operator or small group with limited resources could have produced the Senate anthrax powder.

This premise now appears to have run its course. In September 2003, the FBI’s Michael Mason admitted that the bureau failed to reverse engineer a world-class anthrax powder like the Senate material and expressed regret that Hatfill had been called a “person of interest.” One of the costliest manhunts ever conducted by federal investigators appears to be stymied. The FBI cannot or will not say whether the anthrax powder was foreign or domestic, expensively made or cheaply done, a professional job or the handiwork of an amateur.

But the scientific data amassed so far should provide a wealth of information on the weapon’s possible origins, say scientists in the group with expertise in such powders. They argue that the most striking qualities of the Senate powder do not concern the anthrax spores but the way they were processed—specifically, how they were given an electrostatic charge and unusual surface properties.

If the Senate anthrax powder did in fact have these refinements, its manufacture required a unique combination of factors: a strain that originated in the United States, arcane knowledge, and specialized facilities for production and containment. And this raises the discomforting possibility that the powder was made in America, perhaps with the resources of the U.S. government.

Charged questions

There is no debating that the Senate powder was exceptionally pure and highly concentrated. Nor is there any doubt that it contained the Ames strain, one of the most virulent strains discovered. But what made it truly remarkable, according to biodefense specialists, was its conversion into a cutting-edge aerosol.

That transformation had as much to do with chemistry and physics as with microbiology. Anthrax spores cling to one another if they get too close; sticky chains of proteins and sugar molecules on their surfaces latch onto each other, drawn by van der Waals forces that operate at a distance of a few tens of angstroms. Untreated spores clump into larger particles that are too heavy to stay airborne or reach the narrowest passages in the lung.

To thwart this clumping, an earlier generation of biological weapons makers—operating out of Fort Detrick when it still made weapons—experimented with ways to prevent the surfaces of germs from getting too close. For example, William C. Patrick III, former chief of Fort Detrick’s Product Development Division, pioneered the use of a dusty silica powder with nanometer-sized particles added to nonlethal incapacitating agents such as Francisella tularensis, the cause of tularemia (but not Bacillus anthracis, the cause of anthrax). “Otherwise,” says Patrick, the powder was “very hard to disseminate.”

In a separate research arena, pharmaceutical scientists in the 1990s began experimenting with adding electrostatic charges to small particles in medicinal powders designed for inhalation. Adding a like charge of sufficient strength creates an electrostatic field of up to a few centimeters, which makes particles repel one another, creating an “energetic” or self-dispersing powder.

Biodefense scientists say they became aware that such an innovation could be applied to germ-warfare powders with deadly effect, especially deadly because charged particles are more prone to lodge in the lung. Once in the lung, immune cells transport the spores to lymph nodes, where the spores germinate and cause infection. The Senate anthrax spores carried like electrical charges, and some experts believe that they were added deliberately to aid dispersal.

Was it a coincidence that this lethal innovation appeared in the anthrax spores sent to the Senate? Alibek thinks it is possible. The Senate anthrax could have acquired a charge from friction as the envelopes passed through mail-sorting machines. (Alibek also has speculated that the powders mailed to the Senate were more refined than those sent to the New York media and may have come from a different production run.) But his theory raises a question: Why would only the Senate powder acquire a charge from the sorting machines?

<<you need to keep in mind Alibek is simply a "spokesperson" for his new master, the U.S. Government>>

Jacobsen, a research chemist who coated sub–5-micrometer particles with silica while working on a program for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), is skeptical of this idea. Jacobsen says that friction would add static electricity only to surfaces: “If anything, the sorting machine’s pinch rollers and the envelopes should get charged,” he says, “not the spores inside.”

Glassy finish

More revealing than the electrostatic charge, some experts say, was a technique used to anchor silica nanoparticles to the surface of spores. About a year and a half ago, a laboratory analyzing the Senate anthrax spores for the FBI reported the discovery of what appeared to be a chemical additive that improved the bond between the silica and the spores. U.S. intelligence officers informed foreign biodefense officials that this additive was “polymerized glass.” The officials who received this briefing—biowarfare specialists who work for the governments of two NATO countries—said they had never heard of polymerized glass before. This was not surprising. “Coupling agents” such as polymerized glass are not part of the usual tool kit of scientists and engineers making powders designed for human inhalation. Also known as “sol gel” or “spin-on-glass,” polymerized glass is “a silane or siloxane compound that’s been dissolved in an alcohol- based solvent like ethanol,” says Jacobsen. It leaves a thin glassy coating that helps bind the silica to particle surfaces.


Silica has been a staple in professionally engineered germ warfare powders for decades. (The Soviet Union added to its powders resin and a silica dust called Aerosil —a formulation requiring high heat to create nanoparticles, says Alibek. U.S. labs have tested an Aerosil variant called Cab-O-Sil, and declassified U.S. intelligence reports state that Iraq’s chemical and biological warfare labs imported tons of both Cab-O-Sil and Aerosil, also known as “solid smoke,” in the 1980s). “If there’s polymerized glass [in the Senate samples], it really narrows the field [of possible suspects],” says Jacobsen, who has been following the anthrax investigations keenly. “Polymerized glasses are exotic materials, and nanotechnology is something you just don’t do in your basement.”

By March 2002, federal investigators had lab results indicating that the Senate anthrax spores were treated with polymerized glass, and stories began to appear in the media. CNN reported an “unusual coating” on the spores, and Newsweek referred to a “chemical compound” that was “unknown to experts who have worked in the field for years.” When Science asked the FBI about the presence of polymerized glass in the Senate powder, an FBI spokesperson said the bureau “could not comment on an ongoing investigation.”

About-face

By the fall of 2002, the awe-inspiring anthrax of the previous spring had morphed into something decidedly less fearsome. According to sources on Capitol Hill, FBI scientists now reported that there was “no additive” in the Senate anthrax at all. Alibek said he examined electron micrographs of the anthrax spores sent to Senator Daschle and saw no silica. “But I couldn’t be absolutely sure,” Alibek says, “because I only saw three to five of these electron micrographs.” Even the astonishingly uniform particle size of 1.5 to 3 micrometers, mentioned in 2001 by Senator Bill Frist (R–TN), now included whopping 100-micrometer agglomerates, according to the new FBI description recounted by Capitol Hill aides. The reversal was so extreme that the former chief biological weapons inspector for the United Nations Special Commission, Richard Spertzel, found it hard to accept. “No silica, big particles, manual milling,” he says: “That’s what they’re saying now, and that radically contradicts everything we were told during the first year of this investigation."

Military scientists did not back off their findings. The August/October 2002 newsletter from the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) reported that a mass spectrometry analysis found silica in the powder sent to Senator Daschle (The AFIP Letter, August/October 2002, p. 6). “This was a key component,” said the institute’s deputy director, Florabel Mullick, in the AFIP newsletter. “Silica prevents the anthrax from aggregating, making it easier to aerosolize,” she added. Frank Johnson, chief of AFIP’s Chemical Pathology Division, corroborated this in an interview. “There was silica there,” said Johnson, “there was no mistaking it.” Maj. Gen. John S. Parker, commander of the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command at the time of the attacks, says he saw AFIP’s lab reports. “There was a huge silicon spike” consistent with the presence of silica, he says. “It peaked near the top of the screen.”

Other agencies support this view today. For example, John Cicmanec, a scientist with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, says the Department of Homeland Security confirmed to EPA that the perpetrators did, in fact, use silica to weaponize the Senate anthrax spores. According to an abstract that Cicmanec will present at the annual meeting of the Society for Risk Analysis next month, this weaponized form of anthrax is more than 500 times more lethal than untreated spores.

The contradictory military data compelled the FBI to do some explaining. Sources on Capitol Hill say that in an FBI background briefing given in late 2002, Dwight Adams, one of the FBI’s topranking scientists, suggested that the silica discovered in the Senate anthrax was, in fact, silicon that occurred naturally in the organism’s subsurface spore coats. To support his thesis, Adams cited a 1980 paper published by the Journal of Bacteriology—a paper that Matthew Meselson, a molecular biologist at Harvard University, says he sent to the FBI. The authors reported that they found silicon, the element, in the spore coats of a bacterium called B. cereus, a close cousin of anthrax.

In the 23 years since the Journal of Bacteriology published these data, however, no other laboratory has published a report on significant amounts of silicon in the B. cereus spore coat, and many bacteriologists familiar with these data consider them an anomaly. Even the authors suggested the finding might have been due to “contamination.”

In December 2002, the FBI decided to test whether a high-grade anthrax powder resembling the one mailed to the Senate could be made on a small budget, and without silica. To do this job, the bureau called upon Army scientists at Dugway Proving Ground, a desolate Army test range in southwestern Utah. By February 2003, the scientists at Dugway had finished their work. According to military sources with firsthand knowledge of this effort, the resulting powder “flew like penguins.” The experiment had failed. (Penguins can’t fly.)

Military sources say that Dugway washed and centrifuged the material four times to create a pure spore preparation, then dried it by solvent extraction and azeotropic distillation —a process developed by the U.S. Chemical Corps at Fort Detrick in the late 1950s. It is not a simple method, but someone familiar with it might be able to jury-rig a lab to get the job done. As recently as 1996, Bill Patrick says he taught scientists at Dugway how to do this.

The FBI-Dugway effort produced a coarse powder. The spores—some dried under an infrared lamp and the others airdried —stuck together in little cakes, according to military sources, and then were sieved through “a fine steel mesh.” The resulting powder was placed into test tubes. When FBI officials arrived at Dugway to examine the results, a Dugway scientist shook one of the tubes. Unlike the electrostatically charged Senate anthrax spores that floated freely, the Dugway spores fell to the bottom of the test tube and stayed there. “That tells you the particles were too big,” says Spertzel. “It confirms what I’ve been saying all along: To make a good powder, you need an additive.”

Close to home

One doesn’t have to look very far to find a powder that more closely resembles the Senate anthrax. The U.S. Army’s newest batch of anthrax simulant is a closer match, made with B. globigii (BG) spores, which are similar to anthrax but nonlethal. According to military sources, the Danish company Chris-Hansen spray-dried the spores (along with an unidentified “additive”) in Valby, a suburb of Copenhagen. Although the spore count varied somewhat from batch to batch, Chris-Hansen says that the average concentration was 500 billion spores per gram, about 100 times more concentrated than the Army’s old BG powder. Chris-Hansen shipped the bulk material from Denmark to its New Berlin, Wisconsin, facility in 1996, where, according to Army instructions, it mixed silica into the powder—a product sold commercially under the name Sipernat D 13. Sipernat D 13 is made by Germany’s Degussa AG, the same company that makes Aerosil.

The initial Chris-Hansen production run wasn’t exactly what the Army wanted, military sources say, so this batch of anthrax simulant was further enhanced at Dugway Proving Ground. An official at Chris-Hansen, speaking on condition of anonymity, says he doesn’t know if the Army added an electrostatic charge or a coupling agent to the powder, and the Army won’t discuss it. But unlike the powder that Dugway reverse engineered earlier this year, the most recent batch of simulant—according to military sources—has great “hang time.”

A government scientist who had a sample of the Army’s anthrax simulant described it for Science: When he shook a test tube filled with it, a dense fog of particles swirled to the top in roiling eddies. After 10 minutes, the powder still hadn’t settled. This scientist observed two other marked similarities with the Senate material: “There appears to be a lot of static charge,” he said. When he suspended the preparation in water, he saw mostly “single spores.” When Canadian military scientists used this silicalaced simulant in 2001 to assess the risk from anthrax spores delivered by letter, the aerosol behaved like the one that would later contaminate Senator Daschle’s office with real anthrax spores; the weaponized BG particles spread across a 50-cubic-meter room in less than 2 minutes.

This new batch of “energetic” simulant was light-years beyond the old U.S. weapon in its refinement, experts say. Divulging the specifications of the weapon, the last foreman in charge of drying and milling anthrax spores at Fort Detrick, Donald Schattenberg, told Science that the old U.S. anthrax powder contained no additives. “We didn’t use silica or bentonite” (a clay that contains a high percentage of fine-particulate silica), says Schattenberg. “We made little freeze-dried pellets of anthrax,” he says, “then we ground them down with a high-speed colloid mill.” The resulting powder contained growth media residue (called “menstruum”) and vegetative cells, making it less concentrated, according to William P. Walter, who says he worked on every batch of anthrax spores ever produced at Fort Detrick. This extraneous material accounted for a significant amount of the powder’s volume and mass.

Orley Bourland, who once managed the entire operation, says the old weapon had no electrostatic charge and contained only 20 billion to 30 billion spores per gram. These facts were corroborated by more than half a dozen veterans of the former U.S. weapons program, including Edgar “Bud” Larson, who scoffs at the suggestion that the Senate powder was the product of a secret one-man operation. “I think that’s very unlikely,” Larson said. “I don’t think anyone could make this product covertly.”

So far, only Dugway Proving Ground has acknowledged making aerosols with Ames strain spores. According to a memorandum from U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command dated 19 July 1995, Dugway began experiments with a liquid preparation of the Ames strain starting in February 1994. This was part of what the Army called “bioprofiling”: an effort to “establish a ‘library’ of information,” said the memo, to help defend against biological attack. In December 2001, The Baltimore Sun broke the story that Dugway had been making dried anthrax using live spores, and The Washington Post reported that Dugway used the Ames strain in its anthrax powders. Dugway released a statement acknowledging that its scientists have been doing this work to develop an “effective bioaerosol collection” but insisted that “All anthrax used at Dugway has been accounted for.”

The Battelle Memorial Institute, a nonprofit organization based in Columbus, Ohio, is possibly the only corporation in the world known to possess both the Ames strain as well as a “national security division” offering the services of a team of “engineers, chemists, microbiologists, and aerosol scientists supported by state-of-theart laboratories to conduct research in the fields of bioaerosol science and technology.” On its Web site, Battelle calls this research group “one-of-a-kind.”

As subcontractors, Battelle scientists have made anthrax powders for use by the Army and U.S. intelligence agencies, but rarely by Fort Detrick, which specializes in vaccine development. Charles Dasey, spokesperson for the parent agency, the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, says that as far as he is aware, the only dried anthrax spores made at Fort Detrick since it stopped making weapons were made by Battelle scientists working there for DARPA. This material, made in a biosafety level 3 suite in the Diagnostic Systems Division, contained killed Ames strain at a concentration of 326 million spores per gram—several orders of magnitude less concentrated than the Senate powder and crude by current standards.

Battelle is capable of more sophisticated work, as it also makes one of the world’s most advanced medicinal powders. Battelle’s pharmaceutical division, BattellePharma, also in Columbus, is one of the few companies anywhere developing electrostatically charged aerosols for inhalation. BattellePharma’s Web site boasts that the company’s new “electrohydrodynamic” aerosol “reliably delivers more than 80% of the drug to the lungs in a soft (isokinetic) cloud of uniformly sized particles.” Other powders, boasts the Web site, only achieve 20% or less.

None of this argues that Battelle or any of its employees made the Senate anthrax powder. But it is evidence that Battelle was a logical place to start looking for clues. Officials from Battelle and the Army declined to comment on any aspect of anthrax powder manufacture.

The FBI says it has interviewed and polygraphed scientists working at both Dugway and Battelle. No “person of interest” at either facility has been named, and no evidence has been made public indicating either as a point of origin.

A dose of reality

Today, there is no firm evidence to link Iraq—or any other government—to the anthrax attacks. But some weapons experts such as Spertzel are still inclined to look for a sponsor with deep pockets, and they say Hussein’s regime cannot be ruled out. Spertzel’s main point, however, is that only a state-run facility or a corporation has the resources to make an anthrax powder as good as the one mailed to the Senate.

The amateur anthrax scenario appears to have lost some credibility with the failure of the FBI’s attempt to reverse engineer a highquality powder using basic equipment. If the Army couldn’t do it in a top-notch laboratory staffed by scientists trained to make anthrax powders, skeptics ask, who could do it in a garage or basement?

The silica dust might still provide a trail to the killers, say chemists who specialize in silica. According to military sources, since the abandonment of the offensive biological warfare program, the U.S. Army has continued to experiment with various brands of silica nanoparticles added to germ-warfare powders produced in small quantities. These include WR-50 and WR-51 (manufactured by Philadelphia Quartz Co.), Cab-O-Sil (Cabot Corp.), and Sipernat D 13 (Degussa AG). Each brand is made differently, so each has a unique chemical signature, says Jonathan L. Bass, a Pennsylvania-based analytical chemist who used to do research with silica at PQ Corp. (formerly Philadelphia Quartz). “It’d be a laborious process, and some of the differences would be hard to detect,” says Bass, “but if a known brand of silica was used by the killers, I think I could trace it back to a specific company.” A coupling agent should also provide a unique chemical signature that could narrow the field.

Two years on from the attacks, public discussion of the silica additive has all but ceased; the discussion about polymerized glass has yet to occur. Instead, the FBI has devoted much of its effort to the idea that a low-budget amateur operation could have produced a “weaponized” form of anthrax powder without a sophisticated additive.

“ARE YOU AFRAID?” asked our unknown assailants 2 years ago. “Yes,” is still the answer, but of whom?
http://cryptome.org/anthrax-powder.htm

The silica needs to be explained. It is there.

Ft Detrick sought our assistance to determine the specific components of the anthrax found in the Daschle letter,” said Florabel G. Mullick, MD, ScD, SES, AFIP Principal Deputy Director and department chair. AFIP experts utilized an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (an instrument used to detect the presence of otherwise-unseen chemicals through characteristic wavelengths of X-ray light) to confirm the previously unidentifiable substance as silica."
http://letters.salon.com/opinion/greenwald/2008/08/05/anthrax/view/index10.html?show=all

Patrick, who served for a time as a weapons inspector in Iraq, isn't quite sure that investigators should completely dismiss the possibility of overseas suspects.

"Everybody's focusing on Dugway and Battelle, but I haven't seen anything indicating that it's internal or external," Patrick told Knight Ridder.

Battelle Memorial Institute is a research firm in Columbus, Ohio, that was supplied anthrax from Dugway.

Patrick said that it's possible to produce potent, concentrated, powdered anthrax outside of a lab. "Anybody who knows how to use a lab centrifuge" could do it, he said.

There are four qualities of the anthrax used in the letters that Patrick believes are telling: highly concentrated, dried, electrostatically charged to stay airborne longer and minute in size _ making it easier to adhere to a person's body if contact is made.

Patrick said drying and concentrating anthrax isn't as difficult as some experts have made it out to be. Because it is so stable, anthrax "is the only agent that you can dry by so many different ways," he said.

Whoever did it probably knew enough about anthrax to be on antibiotics before cooking up the bacteria, Patrick said, and is probably not incapacitated in any way. He theorized that the attacks stopped only when the source of anthrax ran out.

Investigators said they have not identified a prime suspect.

Months ago, they searched the house of a Milwaukee microbiologist who formerly worked at Battelle. Although investigators said they have not ruled him out completely, they have not charged him with anything and apparently have been unable to develop evidence linking him to the attacks.

The man told Knight Ridder that "this is complete nonsense _ I have never been a researcher of anthrax."

For the source of the anthrax, or the source of knowledge needed to produce it, investigators are looking at two pieces of evidence: the precise genetic fingerprints of the anthrax mailed to Florida, Washington and New York, and its highly concentrated physical qualities, according to law enforcement officials and scientists.

Testing is farther along in the Florida samples because they were the first to start the painstaking examination process.

The anthrax in the letters was the Ames strain, used by the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Md., which sent the strain to five places: Porton Down, a secret military research center in England; Dugway Proving Ground; Defence Research Establishment in Suffield, Canada; Battelle, a private Ohio research facility; and the University of New Mexico.

While Fort Detrick used the anthrax strain, it always used it in liquid form, said spokeswoman Caree Vander-Linden.

"Neither the skills nor the laboratory equipment required to make finely milled dry powdered anthrax are available (at Fort Detrick)," she said in a written statement.[/i]

That fine-tuned anthrax delivery system, according to officials, has investigators squinting at Utah. If the strain isolated in Florida were shown to be an exact match to the Dugway strain in final, definitive tests that involve DNA sequencing, investigators would be able to dramatically focus their efforts.

"The word in the scientific community is they are very close to something," said Dr. Ronald Atlas, University of Louisville microbiologist and incoming president of the American Society of Microbiology.

For their comparisons, scientists are using the strain of anthrax taken from the body of Robert Stevens, a Florida tabloid photo editor who was the first to die from the deadly mailings, Atlas said.
http://www.accessmylibrary.com/coms2/summary_0286-7362330_ITM

Intelligence officials say that Battelle Memorial Institute, a military contractor in Ohio, has experience making powdered germs. They say the contractor participated in a secret Central Intelligence Agency program, code-named Clear Vision and begun in 1997, that used benign substances similar to anthrax to mimic Soviet efforts to create small bombs that could emit clouds of lethal germs.

Katy Delaney, a Battelle spokeswoman, would not comment on the laboratory's anthrax work except to say that the lab had always cooperated ''with any and all legitimate inquiries from law enforcement.''
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/12/13/us/nation-challenged-investigation-us-recently-produced-anthrax-highly-lethal.html?sec=&spon=&pagewanted=2

"to get the kind of product that was in the Leahy and Daschle letters, the silica would have to be added before the anthrax was dried. There's only one drying technique I know that will give you that narrow range of small particle aerosol. And that's spray drying..... You need a lot of trial and error...You'd need a spray dryer that is called a "co-current" dryer. One of the currents is heated air and the other current is the material you want to dry. And the exact proportion of these two streams coming together is what will determine the particle size. Increasing the heated air relative to the material you're drying would give you a smaller particle."-- Richard O. Spertzel, microbiologist and expert in the area of biological warfare           Page 204
http://books.google.com/books?id=uvVL1ntPlGAC&pg=PA201&lpg=PA201&dq=%22spray+dryers%22+anthrax&source=bl&ots=YTOtwcKtn8&sig=9oBxIndGYPuznUQERCQRqv7-Fv4&hl=en&ei=JiMQStybLpWltgfd9syMCA&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5#PPA204,M1

For nearly a decade, U.S. Army scientists at Dugway Proving Ground in Utah have made small quantities of weapons-grade anthrax that is virtually identical to the powdery spores used in the mail attacks that have killed five people, government sources say.
http://www.ph.ucla.edu/EPI/bioter/anthraxmatchesarmyspores.html

According to ABC, the United States has been producing small quantities of weapons-grade anthrax for several years at two secret locations - the US Army Dugway Proving Ground in Utah and at the Battelle Company, which does the work for the Central Intelligence Agency and the military.
http://tvnz.co.nz/view/news_world_story_skin/73213

The weaponized anthrax seems to have been made by BMI labs at Dugway. But it wasn't stored there. The stockpile would be in a different location than the place where it's made, the reason being.....Ft Detrick used to be involved in this kind of research, until the Bioweapons treaty in 1972. It was only recently that this program was revealed(because of the anthrax investigation). Just like the USSR the U.S. Gov is employing private companies to do the work(BMI at Dugway). Any inspection at the facility would show it to be compliant because of so very little there(stored off site). Any inspection of Ft Detrick would clearly show that no powder/weaponization research is being done at all. And there hasn't been for years. But any stockpile would be in control of the Military. They are not going to have private companies in control of actual weapons. The military would be in control of weapons. Leads me to believe the stockpile could be at Ft Detrick. Dr Ivins did not have the equipment nor the expertize to make this stuff. But it wouldn't be hard to have the secret stockpile here.

In fact it's admitted that Dugway was sending anthrax it had worked on to Ft Detrick by way of Fed EX. And the excuse is a rather lame one.

Postal Chief to Seek End to Mailings of Deadly Viruses
Jun 14, 1988
Frank was responding to Army plans to step up mail shipments of infectious disease agents, including live viruses of anthrax, botulism, Q fever and dengue fever, as part of the U.S. military's extensive program of research on defenses against biological weapons.


The Army expects a large increase in shipments of such materials when it completes a new biological warfare testing facility at the Army's Dugway Proving Grounds in Utah in the early 1990s. The United States and more than 100 other nations have forsworn the use of biological weapons under a 1972 treaty but the military continues work on protective gear and decontamination procedures.

Chuck Dasey said that in 1987 the Army research institute sent 48 shipments of germ agents to various private and military laboratories, with an average volume of a little more than a teaspoon each.
http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/59918995.html?dids=59918995:59918995&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Jun+14%2C+1988&author=JOHN+M.+BRODER&pub=Los+Angeles+Times+(pre-1997+Fulltext)&desc=Postal+Chief+to+Seek+End+to+Mailings+of+Deadly+Viruses&pqatl=google

Biological Weapons Convention (BWC)was drafted as far back in 1972 and came into force in 1975, to prevent development, production, stockpiling of such weapons, Despite it was signed by 159 countries, there is no agreement in how to enforce it. ....Publicly, of course, every country denies possession of such weapons.  page 10
http://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=Zi51mWO_4PQC&oi=fnd&pg=PA7&dq=dugway+%22federal+express%22&ots=CaYcfV9m0e&sig=vhv-YtHSyWwWl93vkAlqhSZEk90#PPA10,M1

Desert News, The (Salt Lake City, UT) - October 25, 1989

PENTAGON NO LONGER USING MAIL FOR TOXINS 
  The Department of Defense says it is no longer sending germs or other biologic materials through the U.S. Postal Service and has not done so for the past year, according to a key member of Congress. When Dugway Proving Ground in Utah sends or receives such packages, the packages go by private carrier.

http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_product=NewsLibrary&p_multi=DSNB&d_place=DSNB&p_theme=newslibrary2&p_action=search&p_maxdocs=200&p_topdoc=1&p_text_direct-0=0F35FC4EA2DF56B8&p_field_direct-0=document_id&p_perpage=10&p_sort=YMD_date:D&s_trackval=GooglePM

For nearly a decade, U.S. Army scientists at Dugway Proving Ground in Utah have made small quantities of weapons-grade anthrax that is virtually identical to the powdery spores used in the mail attacks that have killed five people, government sources say.

Until the anthrax attacks led to tighter security measures, anthrax grown at Dugway was regularly sent by Federal Express to the Army's biodefense center at Fort Detrick, in Frederick, where the bacteria were killed using gamma radiation before being returned to Dugway for experiments.

<<Instead of killing the bacteria at Dugway they have to ship it to Ft Detrick? Sounds like a conveiniant lack of equipment at Dugway and a way of keeping the stockpile seperated from the production source to me>>

The anthrax was shipped in the form of a coarse paste, not in the far more dangerous finely milled form, according to one government official.
  <<< sure it was>>>
http://www.ph.ucla.edu/EPI/bioter/anthraxmatchesarmyspores.html

I believe the production source and the secret stockpile are in two different locations. The source being Dugway(or possibly West Jefferson OH) made by BMI, and the secret stockpile in Ft Detrick. I think the anthrax was already made and in the nations illegal stockpile, all that was needed was access to it. The mailer could be any agent with access to the secret stockpile, that the Gov will never confirm exists.

There was only one week between Sept 11 and Sept 18, when the first two letters (and probably another letter, never found, to AMI) were postmarked. This suggests that the anthrax was already in hand, and the attack largely planned, before Sept 11.
http://911review.org/Wget/www.fas.org/bwc/news/anthraxreport.htm

In my opinion, there are maybe four or five people in the whole country who might be able to make this stuff, and I'm one of them," said Richard O. Spertzel, chief biological inspector for the U.N. Special Commission from 1994 to 1998. "And even with a good lab and staff to help run it, it might take me a year to come up with a product as good."
http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A28334-2002Oct27

 BMI-Lockheed-Bioport. The real source of the Anthrax. The anthrax was already made. You can either believe a highly trained well educated scientist suddenly made some of the most potent anthrax ever created all by himself in less than a week to become a serial killer for whatever reason, or believe the anthrax was already made and someone with access to the top secret stockpile mailed it off.

Bioport and Battelle work together and big daddy Lockheed protects them....




Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline jimd3100

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #5 on: May 21, 2009, 05:00:46 PM »
How did this all get started?

September 27, 1996
LOCKHEED GETS ARMY CONTRACT FOR DUGWAY WORK
Author: Washington Bureau


Dateline: WASHINGTON
The Army has awarded a $44.6 million contract to Lockheed Martin to develop defenses against chemical and biological warfare - and most of the work will be done at Utah's Dugway Proving Ground, Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, said Friday.

He said the five-year contract covers testing and lab work to help protect soldiers and civilians from chemical and biological attack. Renewal options could raise the contract's value to $63 million.

Hatch said Lockheed and its main subcontractor, Battelle Laboratories, are expected to employ 100 people for the work.

Hatch said, ``Lockheed has had a good relationship with Dugway for four years. This is just another example of teamwork to support an excellent program at Dugway.''

http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_action=doc&p_docid=0F3646188E6FD602&p_docnum=1&s_accountid=AC0109051903522913173&s_orderid=NB0109051903501912812&s_dlid=DL0109051903524013234&s_ecproduct=DOC-595&s_ecprodtype=&s_trackval=GooglePM&s_siteloc=&s_referrer=&s_username=jimd3100&s_accountid=AC0109051903522913173&s_upgradeable=no

Remember this. As here is where it all started. It will be important later when the weaponization of the anthrax has to "be explained". Lockheed-Dugway-BMI.

2) Here are the incriminating facts Mr. Mueller: The Battelle Memorial Institute administers and supplies the Dugway anthrax proving facility in Utah where the only virtually identical Ames strain of silica-impregnated hyper-weaponized anthrax was found. According to Sunday's Washington Post, "Dugway is the only facility known in recent years to have processed anthrax spores into the powdery form that is most easily inhaled. Dugway's military supply is allegedly well protected by "multiple security measures," (according to Scott Shane reporting in the Baltimore Sun, Dec. 12, 2001). BMI's security is apparently not as strict.

6) "Project Jefferson" was ongoing around the same time American anthrax ace William C. Patrick III, was apparently contracted by Battelle Memorial Institute to develop a report on the ramifications of mailing powdered anthrax, much the same as what occurred in the wake of the October anthrax mailings.
http://www.tetrahedron.org/articles/anthrax/open_letter_mueller.html

The Battelle Memorial Institute, "a corporation involved in anthrax vaccine research", was a major contractor for the US Defense Department and also undertook work for the CIA. It had "an entire division dedicated to perfecting aerosolization technologies". It received batches of the Ames strain from USAMRIID as late as May and June 2001.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A36408-2001Nov29?language=printer

It's clear the weaponized anthrax was made by BMI wether it was from Dugway or not, as BMI controlls the labs there, as the U.S. is doing the same thing as the USSR-moving the bioweapons program into private sector....


Battelle Memorial Institute provides certified facilities and technical expertise to support U.S. programs for chemical demilitarization, chemical and biological (CB) non-proliferation and treaty verification, and related environmental restoration programs.

Additionally, Battelle operates CSM laboratories for the U.S. Army Materiel Command's Treaty Laboratory at Aberdeen Proving Ground (Edgewood Area), Maryland, and for the U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command's West Desert Test Center at Dugway Proving Ground, Utah.
http://www.nbcindustrygroup.com/members/battelle.htm

The Battelle-Bioport connection..........

But Bioport didn't make the weaponized anthrax. They just benefited greatly from it. So who made that anthrax?

One year before the attacks Bioport partnered with the only company in the U.S. that does make weaponized anthrax. How amazingly convenient!

Scientists have determined that the anthrax powder sent through the mail last fall was fresh, made no more than two years before it was sent, senior government officials said.
http://www.nytimes.com/2002/06/23/us/anthrax-in-mail-was-newly-made-investigators-say.html

Friday, November 24, 2000
Battelle Memorial Institute has surfaced as a potential contractor to run a $500 million anthrax vaccine lab proposed by the Pentagon.


Battelle marked its foray into the anthrax arena this fall when it became a subcontractor to the only developer of the vaccine, Lansing, Mich.-based BioPort Corp.

A developer of technologies and products, Columbus-based Battelle is no stranger to high-profile, even controversial government work. It worked for years, through a Navy contract, on the disposal of Vietnam-era Napalm, a form of jellied fuel was used in bombs. Other military projects that Battelle has had a hand in developing technology for include chemical and biological detection protection systems for the Army and Marines, submarine design and development, and holographic 3-D radar cameras for the B-2 bomber.

Vaccine testing in West Jefferson
The deal with BioPort has given Battelle immediate exposure to the vaccine, which is being tested at Battelle's West Jefferson facility, a laboratory that sits on 1,000 acres and includes a gas pipeline research center.


Battelle also has lent technical expertise to BioPort, hiring 12 workers who were sent to Lansing to keep the operation running.

Kim Brennen Root, a spokeswoman for BioPort, said the company was founded in 1998 specifically to manufacture an anthrax vaccine. "We have a relationship with Battelle to extend our reach for people we are trying to attract for critical positions on our technical side," she said. "They're also assisting with our potency testing as really sort of a backup. They're validating our potency tests."

Terms of Battelle's agreement with BioPort were not disclosed, and Root said she was didn't know how long the companies would work together.
http://columbus.bizjournals.com/columbus/stories/2000/11/27/story2.html

Struggling BioPort will get some help
Defense contractor will fill jobs, may open door to FDA
By A.J. Evenson and Tim Martin


Lansing State Journal

October 21, 2000

Lansing's BioPort Corp. - the struggling maker of the military's anthrax vaccine - is getting help from a high-profile defense contractor.

A new alliance with Battelle, an Ohio-based technology troubleshooter with worldwide operations, could help BioPort win government approval to make the vaccine at its renovated north Lansing labs. BioPort will pay Battelle to fill 14 jobs and provide key testing to ensure the vaccine's potency.

BioPort has faced growing congressional criticism over its inability to get Food and Drug Administration approval, a process that began in August 1999. Since then, the anthrax vaccination program has come under scrutiny for health and financial concerns.

Low supplies of the drug have forced the Pentagon to scale back its controversial plan to vaccinate all 2.4 million U.S. troops against anthrax, a deadly biological weapon possessed by Iraq and up to nine other nations.

"Obviously they are a help to us achieving approval for our facility," BioPort spokeswoman Kim Brennen Root said of Battelle. "They're important to us just as are our other 200 employees."

BioPort will keep full ownership and control of its 200-employee business. Company officials said none of those workers will lose their jobs or be reassigned.

The financial terms of the contract were not disclosed Friday.

Bringing in the Ohio company - which deals with a range of government projects from managing Oak Ridge National Laboratory to diposing of napalm - signals a further shakeup of the Lansing company's management team.

At least four of seven former state of Michigan workers who managed BioPort two years ago have left the company. Some of them were or still are part-owners.

Earlier this month, BioPort chief financial officer Bob Kramer was named president and chief operating officer. He was not part of the management team that bought the former Michigan Biologic Products Institute from the state in 1998.

Battelle, established in 1925, has worked with the U.S. Navy for 35 years. The $1 billion corporation also developed technology that helped lead to the Xerox copier, compact disc and grocery packaging bar codes. The company is a nonprofit under Ohio law but pays federal, state and local taxes.

Battelle - which has several projects linked to the armed services, the Department of Energy and the Centers for Disease Control - began advertising to fill Lansing jobs last week. The 14 jobs are high- to mid-level positions that deal primarily with manufacturing, quality control and regulatory affairs.

Battelle will recruit and hire the workers, but BioPort - using money from Department of Defense contracts - will reimburse wage and benefit costs.

Battelle officials said they can help BioPort fill jobs that the Lansing company has had difficulty filling.

Root denied BioPort has had trouble recruiting people on its own to fill the 14 jobs and others, saying Battelle will merely speed up the process.

"We wanted to expand our reach," Root said. "Battelle lets us do that."

Battelle expects it can also help BioPort get FDA approval - crucial to the Lansing firm's survival. The company is now operating on monthly reimbursements from the Pentagon, which cover only costs related to the anthrax vaccine. Other BioPort products have been put on hold, and BioPort said earlier this year it expected an $18 million cash shortfall for 2000.

"We'll provide additional technical expertise to BioPort," said Dave Robinson, a Battelle vice president for biodefense sciences. "We hope that what we'll be doing will be of advantage to them."

The partnership isn't a first for the local lab and Battelle - and may not be the last.

In 1997, Battelle joined the Lansing lab - while under state ownership - on an unsuccessful $575 million bid to develop several vaccines for the Pentagon.

The extent of the relationship could go beyond the current recruiting and testing contracts. Battelle said Friday it is one of the five companies that have expressed an interest in becoming a second source for the military's anthrax vaccine. BioPort is now the sole provider.

Battelle said it will pursue becoming a second source independent of its contracts with BioPort.
https://www.mvrd.org/AVN/sonnie/news/21oct00_lsj.htm

The "vaccine" cover.........

Published: Tuesday, September 4, 2001
The 1972 treaty forbids nations from developing or acquiring weapons that spread disease, but it allows work on vaccines and other protective measures. Government officials said the secret research, which mimicked the major steps a state or terrorist would take to create a biological arsenal, was aimed at better understanding the threat.


The projects, which have not been previously disclosed, were begun under President Clinton and have been embraced by the Bush administration, which intends to expand them.

Earlier this year, administration officials said, the Pentagon drew up plans to engineer genetically a potentially more potent variant of the bacterium that causes anthrax, a deadly disease ideal for germ warfare.

And others expressed concern that the experiments, if disclosed, might be misunderstood as a clandestine effort to resume work on a class of weapons that President Nixon had relinquished in 1969.

Simultaneous experiments involving a model of a germ bomb, a factory to make biological agents and the developoment of more potent anthrax, these officials said, would draw vociferous protests from Washington if conducted by a country the United States viewed as suspect.

Administration officials said the need to keep such projects secret was a significant reason behind President Bush's recent rejection of a draft agreement to strengthen the germ-weapons treaty, which has been signed by 143 nations.

The draft would require those countries to disclose where they are conducting defensive research involving gene-splicing or germs likely to be used in weapons. The sites would then be subject to international inspections.

Among the facilities likely to be open to inspection under the draft agreement would be the West Jefferson, Ohio, laboratory of the Battelle Memorial Institute, a military contractor that has been selected to create the genetically altered anthrax.

''It was pressing how far you go before you do something illegal or immoral,'' recalled one senior official who was briefed on the program.

Bill Harlow, the C.I.A. spokesman, acknowledged that the agency had conducted ''laboratory or experimental'' work to assess the intelligence it had gathered about biological warfare.

A spokesman for Defense Intelligence, Lt. Cmdr. James Brooks, declined comment. Asked about the precautions at Battelle, which is to create the enhanced anthrax, Commander Brooks said security was ''entirely suitable for all work already conducted and planned for Project Jefferson.''
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/09/04/world/us-germ-warfare-research-pushes-treaty-limits.html?pagewanted=1

The deal with BioPort has given Battelle immediate exposure to the vaccine, which is being tested at Battelle's West Jefferson facility, a laboratory that sits on 1,000 acres and includes a gas pipeline research center.
http://columbus.bizjournals.com/columbus/stories/2000/11/27/story2.html

It's pretty clear that the arrows of guilt as to the source of the weaponized anthrax point directly at BMI...

The five labs that received the Ames strain from USAMRIID are the Army's Dugway Proving Ground in central Utah; Battelle Memorial Institute in Columbus, Ohio; the University of New Mexico's Health Sciences Center in Albuquerque; the Canadian DRES; and Porton Down.

Battelle, a private contractor that has worked with the Pentagon in developing defenses against biological attacks, is one of several labs visited by FBI agents investigating the anthrax attacks. Katy Delaney, a Battelle spokeswoman, said the company has cooperated fully with the government's investigation.

FBI agents "have interviewed people on our staff," Delaney said, but she declined to provide information about the nature of the interviews or how many Battelle employees had been questioned. "I can say that we have continued to provide all of the information and material that has been requested by the government," Delaney said.

Battelle is a contractor at Dugway, which last week acknowledged making a powdered form of anthrax to use in testing sensors and other equipment used to defend against biological attacks.[/i]

In the past several weeks, the FBI has also learned that a CIA defensive biowarfare program has involved the use of Ames-strain anthrax. Investigators have been very interested in the CIA program, government officials said, including work done by private contractors in connection with it.

Investigators learned belatedly that the CIA possessed Ames-strain anthrax spores because the agency was not listed among 91 labs registered with the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention to handle various strains of anthrax bacteria. Before 1997, labs that possessed anthrax spores but did not transfer them to other labs were not required to register with the CDC. The FBI has been surprised to learn only anecdotally of some programs, such as the CIA's, which have the material.

The CIA program was designed to develop defenses to a vaccine-resistant strain of anthrax reportedly created by the former Soviet Union. CIA officials have said they are certain the anthrax used in the mailings did not come from their work, that none of it is missing and that the small amount in their possession was not milled into powder form.
http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/Bioter/FBIfinancialmotive.html

The Battelle Memorial Institute, "a corporation involved in anthrax vaccine research", was a major contractor for the US Defense Department and also undertook work for the CIA. It had "an entire division dedicated to perfecting aerosolization technologies". It received batches of the Ames strain from USAMRIID as late as May and June 2001.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A36408-2001Nov29?language=printer

The widow of Robert Stevens (The first anthrax victim) evidently has come to the same conclusion as she is suing both Battelle and Bioport for the wrongfull death of her husband....

Battelle Memorial Institute
Stevens v. Battelle Memorial Institute (Wrongful Death)
Synopsis:  Battelle Memorial Institute, as a government contractor with science-related contracts, had a supply of anthrax at the time of the anthrax scare of 2001. Battelle Memorial was suspected of not sufficiently securing the anthrax from terrorist threats. Stevens, a photo editor in Florida, died after anthrax exposure and his estate sued Battelle Memorial. The case was stayed in 2005 pending an appeal by Battelle Memorial. In June 2007, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit sent the case back to the Florida Supreme Court to determine whether Battelle Memorial has a legal duty to protect the public from the unauthorized release of ultra-hazardous materials stored in its facilities. In October 2008, the Florida court ruled Battelle does have that duty and allowed the suit to proceed.

http://www.contractormisconduct.org/index.cfm/1,73,222,html?CaseID=11

http://www.contractormisconduct.org/ass/contractors/10/cases/11/597/battelle-memorial-institute-pleading.pdf

Then there are the ridiculous explanations for how Dr Ivins could have made weaponized anthrax at a facility that doesn't have the means to make it.
Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline jimd3100

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #6 on: May 22, 2009, 06:13:35 PM »
Bruce Ivins had his problems. Evidently he had an alcohol problem. One he was aware of and trying to overcome. Which is how he ended up with a Jean C Duley as a counselor/therapist. Problem is his therapist seems to have a bigger substance abuse problem than he does.

Jean C Duley AKA Jean Wittman......

This therapist only knew Ivins during the last six months of his life. This therapist is the only person on the planet who has made claims that Ivins is a dangerous killer. This therapist is the only reason Ivins was removed from his lab at work and placed in a "hospital". A few days after being released he was dead.

The therapist has a criminal record including battery, possesion of drug paraphernalia, and a few DUI arrests including evidently one when she was seeing Ivins. This is a substance abuse counselor?

A sampling....

Description: (DRIVING ATTEMPTING TO DRIVE) VEHICLE WHILE UNDER THE INFLUENCE PER SE

Location Stopped: ALL SAINTS ST & MARKET ST
Plea:  GUILTY
Disposition: GUILTY
Disposition Date: 04/24/2008

http://casesearch.courts.state.md.us/inquiry/inquiryDetail.jis?caseId=000000FB36662&loc=38&detailLoc=DSTRAF

http://casesearch.courts.state.md.us/inquiry/inquirySearch.jis

Until this therapist entered his life there is nothing to indicate Ivins is a "mad scientist". But during the last days of his life this therapist got it into the record he was indeed a "mad scientist" killer. One person thought early on that this therapist was actually working with the FBI to set him up. That person was Mr Ivins himself.

According to the scientist, who said he spent about 80 hours with Ivins to help him recover from his addiction, the FBI agents pressured Ivins's children, and they were pressuring Ivins in public places. One day in March, when Ivins was at a Frederick mall with his wife and son, the agents confronted the researcher and said, "You killed a bunch of people." Then they turned to his wife and said, "Do you know he killed people?" according to the scientist

The same week, Ivins angrily told a former colleague that he suspected his therapist was cooperating with the FBI. On March 19, police were called to Ivins's home and found him unconscious. He was evaluated at Frederick Memorial Hospital.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/05/AR2008080503747_pf.html

Ivins was trying to stay sober, but when you realize the most powerfull government in the world is going to destroy you, it's hard not to fall off the wagon....

Ivins was an inpatient in April at Suburban Hospital in Bethesda, the scientist said, and it was during that time that Ivins and the scientist had especially intense visits. And in a late morning e-mail to him on May 26, Ivins wrote: "I just came back from 4 weeks of rehab at the Massie Unit of the Finan Center in Cumberland. It was a good program. . . . They talk about relapse triggers, relapse prevention, stress management, etc."
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/05/AR2008080503747_pf.html

More on Jean Duley......

"Everyone thinks I was complicit with the FBI," Duley said in an interview Friday. "The FBI didn't tell me anything."

she filed a petition for a restraining order on July 24, providing one of the first public documents that cited worries about Ivins's potential for violence. The scientist died July 29 in what was ruled a suicide.

she is an addictions counselor who earns $20 an hour. She said she believed "100 percent" that Ivins was serious about his threats. Two days after she reported him to police, the FBI searched Ivins's house and seized, among other items, hundreds of rounds of ammunition, homemade body armor and a bulletproof vest, according to Justice Department documents.

Blond and slightly disheveled, a pack of Marlboro Golds in her purse, Duley said her job was the most important thing in her life and she lived for her clients.

After police took Ivins into custody, records show, he was brought to Frederick Memorial Hospital for evaluation and then to Sheppard Pratt, a psychiatric hospital in Baltimore.

On July 23, Duley said, the FBI notified her that Ivins was being released from the hospital the next day. In a panic, she asked the FBI for protection, but the agent she spoke to suggested she petition for a restraining order. The next morning, on July 24, Duley and a lawyer went to the county courthouse in Fredrick to fill out a peace order petition.

 Duley wrote, "Client has a history dating to his graduate days of homicidal threats, actions, plans, threats & actions towards therapist." Duley cited another psychiatrist who called Ivins "homicidal, sociopathic, with clear intentions."

"He was going to go out in a blaze of glory that he was going to take everybody out with him," Duley testified. "He is a revenge killer. When he feels he has been slighted, and especially towards women, he plots and actually tries to carry out revenge killings."

Duley then described the two messages that Ivins left from the hospital on her work telephone, the first "ranting, blaming me for having done this to him." The second message was more frightening: "He very calmly thanked me for ruining his life and letting the FBI now be able to prosecute him for the murders, and it was all my fault," she said.

Ivins was released from Sheppard Pratt later on July 24, but for reasons that are unclear, the peace order was not served. The FBI documents based on surveillance of Ivins said he visited a public library in Frederick that evening, where he searched a Web site dedicated to the anthrax investigation and checked various e-mail accounts.

Two nights later, he was found unconscious in his home and was declared dead July 29 from an overdose of acetaminophen.

The backlash of grief and anger over Ivins's death was swift among co-workers and former colleagues at the high-security biodefense lab where he worked at Fort Detrick, the Army base in Frederick. In interviews, they said the 62-year-old scientist had been persecuted to the point of disintegration by an overzealous FBI that still had no solid evidence linking him to the anthrax mailings, which killed five people. They described a much-loved, bright, playfully mischievous man who devoted his life to science.

In 2007, the same year she graduated from Hood College with a four-year degree in social work, she was charged with DUI again and sentenced to two years of probation.

Ivins was abusing vodka, sleeping pills and anti-anxiety medication, according to a fellow scientist who is in recovery from addiction. The scientist told a Washington Post reporter that he was in contact with Ivins through Ivins's two stints in psychiatric and detox facilities this spring.

Duley said she no longer works at the clinic; she would not discuss her reasons for leaving.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/09/AR2008080902108.html?sid=ST2008081000071

So Ivins had access to sleeping pills and vodka, and yet decided he didn't want to die like that. He wanted a slow painfull death and overdosed on acetaminophen. This seems unlikely. As a microbiologist surely he would know the sleeping pill route would be preferable. He didn't leave a suicide note either. He was released from the hospital on July 24 and found unconscious a few days later on the 27th when he was taken to the hospital. It is very possible that he was poisoned and murdered. If he was given the dosage on the 24th just before leaving the hospital the timeline fits, it takes a few days to die from this type of poisoning...

You may remain symptom free for up to 24 hours after taking a toxic overdose of acetaminophen.

After this initial period, the following symptoms are common:

Nausea
Vomiting
Not feeling well
Not able to eat or poor appetite
Abdominal pain"

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/acetaminophen_tylenol_poisoning/page3_em.htm

"The toxic effects of acetaminophen are often seen 2-4 days after ingestion and blood levels may not be extremely high at time of death."
http://72.14.205.104/search?q=cache:FEzKM4z7pq0J:path.upmc.edu/cases/case407/dx.html+acetaminophen+suicide&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=14&gl=us

At the time when officers were called to the home, there was nothing to indicate it was a suicide, he said."
http://www.fredericknewspost.com/sections/news/display.htm?storyID=78270

No Autopsy

Ivins's death is being investigated as an apparent suicide from a drug overdose, said Lieutenant Shawn Martyak of the Frederick Police Department's criminal investigation division. Based on laboratory test results of blood taken from the body, the state medical examiner ``determined that an autopsy wouldn't be necessary'' to determine the cause of death, Martyak said.
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=aGwtzOlYDSok&refer=home

No autopsy when a person dies while under 24 hour surveillance is a red flag.

But his life was taken in any case. He knew his life and career were over. His life was taken wether it was murder or suicide.

Back to Duley.....in 1999 she was Jean Wittman.....

But Wolf, 42, a former Army rifle instructor now studying toward a PhD in counseling psychology, and co-organizer Jean Wittman, 36, whose life took her from Chevy Chase, where she started drinking at age 10, to a Florida motorcycle gang …

“This is a work of God,” a parched and sunburned Wittman said happily yesterday, as the fairgrounds exhibit hall began to fill up with gleaming custom Harleys.

…”Once a biker always a biker,” said Wittman, now of Frederick, who said she has lived the lifestyle for two decades, much of the time heavily involved in substance abuse.

“You name it, I did it,” she said. “Heroin. Cocaine. PCP. The whole nine yards. In 1993, I hit a bottom. I woke up out of blackout in Southeast lockup in D.C. and didn’t know how...
http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/washingtonpost/access/43414844.html?dids=43414844:43414844&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Jul+24%2C+1999&author=Michael+E.+Ruane&pub=The+Washington+Post&desc=Easier+Riders%3B+Clean%2C+Sober+Bikers+Roll+Into+Md.&pqatl=google

Yea, that's her.....

In a 1999 interview with The Washington Post, Duley described her background as a motorcycle gang member and a drug user. "Heroin. Cocaine. PCP," said Duley, who then used the name Jean Wittman. "You name it, I did it."
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/05/AR2008080503747.html

Something is weird here. This therapist can't even spell the word therapist as shown here when she is getting it on record what a dangerous killer Ivins is.....

http://www.thesmokinggun.com/archive/years/2008/0801081anthrax2.html

I believe Ivins was correct when he suspected that she was working with the FBI, and I believe it is more likely he was murdered than committed suicide. Let's look at the evidence against him, and what is currently the official story.
Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline grapecrusher1

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #7 on: May 22, 2009, 06:56:03 PM »
Very strange -- especially doing yourself in by way of liver failure with Tylenol  -- not very expeditious or thoughtful choice.
"The meek shall inherit NOTHING" -- Zappa

Offline jimd3100

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #8 on: May 23, 2009, 09:02:30 PM »
But what about the Zionist Jew Philip M. Zack?

If there was evidence Zionists or Israel were involved in the anthrax attacks I'd be happy to post it. But there isn't any that I'm aware of. If you are sure Zack is behind the attacks I am sure your enthusiasm will dissipate when you find out he not only isn't a Zionist he's not even Jewish.

Brother nutjob at realjoonewsdotcom says.....

The man most likely responsible for procuring Anthrax for “terror attacks” is the Jew, Dr Philip Zack.
http://www.realjewnews.com/?p=247

There's a clue that he's not even Jewish. Brother nutjob is an idiot that rarely gets anything right. He also thinks AJ is a Zionist. Why anybody bothers to waste their time there is a mystery to me.

I don't agree with what this particular website has to say about the anthrax attacks but the page on Philip Zack is correct. Just go here for info on Zack....
http://www.anthraxinvestigation.com/PhilipZack.html
Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline jimd3100

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #9 on: May 23, 2009, 09:15:21 PM »
The "official" explanation...

Alibek the Russian defector is a propaganda spokesman for his new master......

Was it a coincidence that this lethal innovation appeared in the anthrax spores sent to the Senate? Alibek thinks it is possible. The Senate anthrax could have acquired a charge from friction as the envelopes passed through mail-sorting machines. (Alibek also has speculated that the powders mailed to the Senate were more refined than those sent to the New York media and may have come from a different production run.) But his theory raises a question: Why would only the Senate powder acquire a charge from the sorting machines?

Jacobsen, a research chemist who coated sub–5-micrometer particles with silica while working on a program for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), is skeptical of this idea. Jacobsen says that friction would add static electricity only to surfaces: “If anything, the sorting machine’s pinch rollers and the envelopes should get charged,” he says, “not the spores inside.”

More revealing than the electrostatic charge, some experts say, was a technique used to anchor silica nanoparticles to the surface of spores.

Silica has been a staple in professionally engineered germ warfare powders for decades. (The Soviet Union added to its powders resin and a silica dust called Aerosil —a formulation requiring high heat to create nanoparticles, says Alibek. U.S. labs have tested an Aerosil variant called Cab-O-Sil, and declassified U.S. intelligence reports state that Iraq’s chemical and biological warfare labs imported tons of both Cab-O-Sil and Aerosil, also known as “solid smoke,” in the 1980s). “If there’s polymerized glass [in the Senate samples], it really narrows the field [of possible suspects],” says Jacobsen, who has been following the anthrax investigations keenly. “Polymerized glasses are exotic materials, and nanotechnology is something you just don’t do in your basement.”
http://cryptome.org/anthrax-powder.htm

Well, it turns out, a "scientific analysis" from a certain company while admitting that the silica levels are off the chart, says that it occurred "naturally". This is ridiculous. The anthrax did not weaponize itself.....

Joe Michael from the Sandia National Lab in Albuquerque presented spore analysis – in particular he discussed the electromagnetic analysis for silicon in the spores. His analysis explained where the silicon is found within the letter spores and that its origin was probably part of the culture and growth process.
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/02/090224225909.htm

Who are these guys?

Sandia is a government-owned/contractor operated (GOCO) facility. Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin company, manages Sandia for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration. We seek collaborative partnerships on emerging technologies that support our mission.
http://www.sandia.gov/about/index.html

Well, that explains the preposterous claims...remember how all this got started?

September 27, 1996
LOCKHEED GETS ARMY CONTRACT FOR DUGWAY WORK
Author: Washington Bureau


Dateline: WASHINGTON
The Army has awarded a $44.6 million contract to Lockheed Martin to develop defenses against chemical and biological warfare - and most of the work will be done at Utah's Dugway Proving Ground, Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, said Friday.


He said the five-year contract covers testing and lab work to help protect soldiers and civilians from chemical and biological attack. Renewal options could raise the contract's value to $63 million.

Hatch said Lockheed and its main subcontractor, Battelle Laboratories, are expected to employ 100 people for the work.

Hatch said, ``Lockheed has had a good relationship with Dugway for four years. This is just another example of teamwork to support an excellent program at Dugway.''
http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_action=doc&p_docid=0F3646188E6FD602&p_docnum=1&s_accountid=AC0109051903522913173&s_orderid=NB0109051903501912812&s_dlid=DL0109051903524013234&s_ecproduct=DOC-595&s_ecprodtype=&s_trackval=GooglePM&s_siteloc=&s_referrer=&s_username=jimd3100&s_accountid=AC0109051903522913173&s_upgradeable=no

The explanation for the silica? Oh that just happened naturally. From the FBI press conference......

Question: Can I ask a follow-up?
Dr Majidi: It could have been within the growth media. It could have been within-
Dr Burans: It was a natural occurrence.
Dr Majidi:-Natural occurrence, yes.
Question: Dr Peter Jarling and Dr. Tom Geiserd of USAMRIID said that they both saw silica on the exosporium, and Dr. Frank Johnson and Dr. Florabel Mullick of the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology both said that they found silica, not--you know, in their elemental analysis at APHID. I went back to them several times and they both--all these scientists insisted it was silica on the surface of these spores. So I was wondering what--
Can you please account for the discrepancy between your findings and those of two U.S. Army laboratories?
Background official: I can answer that for you. They did not have the technology to make those statements. They would not have been able to give an elemental analysis using the technology--

Question: You're telling me energy-dispersive x-ray fluorescence spectrometry is not capable--
Background Official: I'm not aware that they--performed that 
page 15
http://www.fredericknewspost.com/media/pdfs/FBI_0818_afternoon_bfg.pdf

You see Dr Ivins didn't have the expertice or the equipment to make this stuff.
 
While Fort Detrick used the anthrax strain, it always used it in liquid form, said spokeswoman Caree Vander-Linden.

"Neither the skills nor the laboratory equipment required to make finely milled dry powdered anthrax are available (at Fort Detrick)," she said in a written statement.
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/12/13/us/nation-challenged-investigation-us-recently-produced-anthrax-highly-lethal.html?sec=&spon=&pagewanted=2

The explanation for the fine milling?

He said the anthrax sent to the Senate contained as many as one trillion spores per gram, a figure confirmed by an administration official.
http://www.ph.ucla.edu/EPI/bioter/terroranthraxlinkedus.html

That was the postal equipment that did that when the letters went thru the mail system.

FBI press conference announcing that the dead scientist Ivins was the bad guy.....

Question:Do you believe they were milled?
Dr Majidi: Again, I don't want to speculate, you know, if there were--if they had extraordinary efforts put to crush these things, because of a number of reasons....I suggest you take a tour of the U.S. Postal Service and look at how those letters handled through the metal- through the letter sorting machines. It's a very, very, rigorous process.
  page 19
http://www.fredericknewspost.com/media/pdfs/FBI_0818_afternoon_bfg.pdf

Dr Majidi: So again, I don't want to get wrapped around the issue of how was a sample processed.
Question: Isn't that an important part of the evidence, though?
Dr Majidi: Well, no. The important part of the evidence is that the materials of the letter with the genetic mutations could be exclusively be related only to RMR-1029.
page 21
http://www.fredericknewspost.com/media/pdfs/FBI_0818_afternoon_bfg.pdf

That the genetic breakdown of the anthrax proved that it could only come from one source. A flask in Dr Ivins possession. But if you pay attention to the press conference when this was announced it turns out there is one other place it was traced to, but you are to ignore it, and not bother them(the real source).....

They try to tell you the smoking gun evidence if you ignore the silica and how finely milled the spores were, is that the anthrax genetic code can be traced to a flask in the custody of 1 person. Dr Ivins. But it turns out hundreds had access to that flask and there is 1 other source it traces to that you are to ignore....

Question: Can you just tell us, of the eight samples that the letters matched to, how many places were they at? You were sort of vague earlier.
Dr Majidi: Sure. Let's just say they're definitely not at eight places.
Question: But can you just give us the number? Why can't you give us the number?
Dr Majidi: Because if I provide you with the exact number-- well, there's a number of reasons, I'll just give you a generic one. We don't want you to bug those laboratories.
Question: Well, don't give us the names, just tell us how many.
{laughter}
Question: You've already told us a hundred people right? So--
Dr Majidi: yeah.
Question: How many labs?
Dr Majidi: Hmmm
Question: Is it one?
Dr Majidi: It's more than one.
{laughter}
Dr Majidi: Hmmm
Question: Can we keep guessing?
{laughter}
Question: Two?
Question: Is it ten?
Dr Majidi: Okay, it's total two laboratories.
Question: Total two. Including USAMRIID? Or -
Background Official: Two Institutions.
Dr Majidi: Two institutions.
Background Official: Because when you say "laboratories", you got to figure, remember--
Question: Yeah.
Dr Majidi: Two Institutions
Question: So that means USAMRIID and two other institutions?
Dr Majidi: No, that means USAMRIID and one other institution.
Question: USAMRIID and one other institution?
Dr Majidi: Yes
Question: Okay. Thank you very much.

page38-39
http://www.fredericknewspost.com/media/pdfs/FBI_0818_afternoon_bfg.pdf

So much for that "smoking gun" evidence. But it doesn't matter. Case closed. Ivins wont be arguing his case in court....

And you thought "thermal expansion" was ridiculous.....

The official story is....although the anthrax had all the characteristics of being extremely advanced and weaponized, the anthrax was not really that advanced and weaponized. It kind of weaponized itself due to a conspiracy of the postal mail sorting equipment and mother nature.
It was charged due to the postal equipment for some reason, and it was finely milled due to the mail processing equipment. BTW- if you want to conduct a very cheap experiment, send yourself a letter and put 4 or 5 M&Ms in the letter. Mail it. When it comes back to you it should be nothing but powder. It wont be, 1 or 2 might break. This explanation is absurd. Then there is the silica. That was mother nature you see. First time ever for this type of strain of anthrax BTW.

There is no evidence against Ivins. All the evidence points straight at the U.S. Government and it's contractors. It's also obvious they are lying, and probably murdered Ivins.
Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline jimd3100

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #10 on: August 09, 2009, 11:05:02 PM »
Review begins of FBI science in anthrax case

In particular, the panel will scrutinize the genetic research that led the FBI to focus on Ivins after years of chasing dead ends.

The panel will not reach any conclusions about whether Ivins sent the letters or not, or whether he acted alone. Instead, the group will limit itself to whether the research work done by the FBI was accurate.

http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5iVV4-3Z1an1LfZXDYeNY2vokK0QAD99OTKA00

But the study, which will cost the FBI nearly $880,000, will not explore the investigative methods or detective work that established Ivins as the primary suspect.

Ivins died of an intentional overdose of Tylenol after learning he was to be indicted in the mailings that killed five and sickened 17.

The study will affirm the validity of the investigative science but will stop short of explaining how the FBI sorted Ivins from the dozens of people who had access to the strain of anthrax used in the mailings.

http://www.fredericknewspost.com/sections/news/display.htm?StoryID=93274

Let's take a look at the "proof" Ivins was the Anthrax killer......

According to the FBI affidavit.....

The FBI and the U.S. Postal Inspection Service (hereinafter Task Force) investigation of the anthrax attacks of 2001 has led to the identification of Dr. Bruce Edwards Ivins, an anthrax researcher at the U.S. Amy Medical Research Institute for Infectious Diseases (USAMRID), Fort Detrick, Maryland, as a person necessitating further investigation for several reasons: (1) At the time of the attacks, he was the custodian of a large flask of highly purified anthrax spores that possess certain genetic mutations identical to the anthrax used in the attacks; (2) Ivins has been unable to give investigators an adequate explanation for his late night work hours for which he was the only person in the laboratory around the time of both anthrax mailings; (3) Ivins is believed to have submitted false samples of anthrax from his lab to the FBI for forensic analysis in order to mislead investigators; (4) at the time of the attacks, lvins was under pressure at work to assist a private company that had lost its FDA approval to produce an anthrax vaccine the Army needed for U.S. troops, and which Ivins believed was essential for the anthrax program at USAMRID: and ( 5 ) lvins sent an e-mail to <<redacted>> a few days before the anthrax attacks warning-that "Bin Laden terrorists for sure have anthrax and sarin gas" and have ''just decreed death to all Jews and all Americans," language similar to the anthrax letters warning "WE HAVE THIS ANTHRAX . . . DEATH TO AMERICA . . . DEATH TO ISRAEL."
http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-124-m-01.pdf

(1) At the time of the attacks, he was the custodian of a large flask of highly purified anthrax spores that possess certain genetic mutations identical to the anthrax used in the attacks;
http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-124-m-01.pdf

And over 100 people had access to that flask, and another institution (most probably Battelle)also had certain genetic mutations identical to the anthrax used in the attacks.....

Dr Majidi: Okay, it's total two laboratories.
Question: Total two. Including USAMRIID? Or -
Background Official: Two Institutions.
Dr Majidi: Two institutions.
Background Official: Because when you say "laboratories", you got to figure, remember--
Question: Yeah.
Dr Majidi: Two Institutions
Question: So that means USAMRIID and two other institutions?
Dr Majidi: No, that means USAMRIID and one other institution.
Question: USAMRIID and one other institution?
Dr Majidi: Yes

http://www.fredericknewspost.com/media/pdfs/FBI_0818_afternoon_bfg.pdf

(2) Ivins has been unable to give investigators an adequate explanation for his late night work hours for which he was the only person in the laboratory around the time of both anthrax mailings;
http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-124-m-01.pdf

Kemp says the government is mischaracterizing the "spike" and that over the course of his years working at the lab there were numerous instances when Ivins worked late. Kemp says Ivins also gave investigators information about the work he was doing that kept him there.
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=93374304

(3) Ivins is believed to have submitted false samples of anthrax from his lab to the FBI for forensic analysis in order to mislead investigators;
http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-124-m-01.pdf

In one instance, the documents say, investigators asked Ivins for a specific sample of anthrax they needed. Ivins gave a sample, but when they went to the lab themselves and took the sample, it did not match what Ivins had given them. When they confronted Ivins, the documents say, he denied it was true.

Kemp says when investigators asked Ivins for an anthrax sample, he thought they were asking for a pure culture sample. It wasn't until six weeks later that they called and said they had wanted something else.

Kemp says Ivins never denied to the FBI that the anthrax could have come from his batch.

http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=93374304

(4) at the time of the attacks, lvins was under pressure at work to assist a private company that had lost its FDA approval to produce an anthrax vaccine the Army needed for U.S. troops, and which Ivins believed was essential for the anthrax program at USAMRID:
http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-124-m-01.pdf

That company was called Bioport and they were saved by the anthrax attacks, and are throwing Ivins under the bus to protect themselves.

Financial beneficiaries would include the BioPort Corp., the source of the US anthrax vaccine, and other potential vaccine contractors.
http://911review.org/Wget/www.fas.org/bwc/news/anthraxreport.htm

The Company has derived substantially all of its revenue from sales of BioThrax under contracts with the DoD and HHS.
http://moneycentral.msn.com/investor/sec/filing.asp?Symbol=EBS

The Rothschild family(yea that one)still has more shares of this company than any other outside entity other than Vanguard....almost 800,000 shares.....
http://moneycentral.msn.com/ownership?Holding=Institutional+Ownership&Symbol=EBS

Who sits on the board of this company?

Jerome M. Hauer--
Director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerome_Hauer

Joe M. Allbaugh
Director
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Allbaugh

Tuesday, May 8, 2001; 4:48 PM
Testifying at a joint hearing of three Senate committees, FEMA Director Joseph M. Allbaugh said he would soon be establishing an Office of National Preparedness to coordinate federal programs and assist local governments in responding to terrorist attacks involving so-called weapons of mass destruction.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn?pagename=article&node=&contentId=A64472-2001May8

And a year before the anthrax attacks this same company partnered with a company who actually does make the exact same anthrax used in the attacks. What an amazing coincidence!

As subcontractors, Battelle scientists have made anthrax powders for use by the Army and U.S. intelligence agencies, but rarely by Fort Detrick, which specializes in vaccine development.
http://cryptome.org/anthrax-powder.htm

Friday, November 24, 2000
Battelle marked its foray into the anthrax arena this fall when it became a subcontractor to the only developer of the vaccine, Lansing, Mich.-based BioPort Corp.

http://columbus.bizjournals.com/columbus/stories/2000/11/27/story2.html


 ( 5 ) lvins sent an e-mail to <<redacted>> a few days before the anthrax attacks warning-that "Bin Laden terrorists for sure have anthrax and sarin gas" and have ''just decreed death to all Jews and all Americans," language similar to the anthrax letters warning "WE HAVE THIS ANTHRAX . . . DEATH TO AMERICA . . . DEATH TO ISRAEL."
http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-124-m-01.pdf

Gee, where did he and millions of others get that crazy idea?

Sept. 17, 2001
He told Time: “If the instigation for jihad against the Jews and Americans in order to liberate the Al-Aqsa Mosque and the Holy Kaaba is considered a crime, then let history be a witness that I am a criminal. Our job is to instigate, and by the grace of God, we did that.”

http://www.worldpress.org/1101binladen_cia.htm

9/14/2001
WASHINGTON - While denying any involvement in the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington, Saudi Arabian militant Osama bin Laden has reportedly warned that thousands of young, devoted Muslims have been trained in chemical, biological, and nuclear warfare and are ready for martyrdom.

http://www.boston.com/news/packages/underattack/globe_stories/0914/Specialists_weigh_new_bin_Laden_threat+.shtml

From the FBI affidavit....
Letters used in the first attack were postmarked on 09/18/2001 and were focused to media establishments located in the New York area. Three weeks later, letters postmarked 10/09/2001 were sent to two U.S. Senators in Washington, D.C.
http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-124-m-01.pdf

And the two U.S. Senators were the leading democrats.

The choice of Senators Daschle and Leahy suggests that the perpetrator may lean to the political right and may have some specific grudge against those Senators.
http://911review.org/Wget/www.fas.org/bwc/news/anthraxreport.htm

We called the Frederick County Board of Elections today, now that they are open for business again, and the Deputy Election Director Noreen Schultz, the same person who called Kincaid back yesterday, confirmed to us that in fact Ivins was a registered Democrat since 1982. She said they only have voting records going back to 1996 in their database, but that, yes, Ivins "was a very regular voter" who had voted in every election, including Democratic Primaries, since that date.
http://www.bradblog.com/?p=6245


From the FBI affidavit.....
Information gathered to date suggests that all of the lethal anthrax letters were mailed from a single street collection box located at 10 Nassau Street, in Princeton, New Jersey. The letters were postmarked on either September 18, 2001 or October 9, 2001 at the same Hamilton Township Regional Postal Facility in Hamilton, New Jersey. The collection box on Nassau Street was identified through forensic biological swabbing of every U.S. Postal Service drop box that collects mail to be processed at the Hamilton facility.
http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-124-m-01.pdf

It would take Dr Ivins over 3 1/2 hours to get to the location of this mailbox, and then 3 1/2 hours to get back.
Total Travel Estimates: Time: 3 hours 34 minutes    Distance: 200.41 miles   
http://www.mapquest.com/maps?1c=Fort+Detrick&1s=MD&2c=+Princeton&2s=NJ&2a=10+Nassau+Street

From the FBI affidavit....
His regular working hours on average consisted of a 7:30 a.m. to 4:45 p.m. shift, but he would periodically return in the evenings, presumably to check on the status of various experiments. Beginning in mid-August 2001, however, there was a noticeable spike in Dr. Ivins's evening access to the B3 Suite.
http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-124-m-01.pdf

They admitted he was already working after hours, and in fact this is a common practice at the facility.

From the FBI affidavit....
The investigation examined Dr. Ivins's laboratory activity immediately before and after the window of opportunity for the mailing of the media letters to New York which began at 5:00 p.m. Monday, September 17. 2001 and ended at noon on Tuesday, September 18, 2001.
http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-124-m-01.pdf

Then ridiculous stories are planted claiming "proof" he could have mailed the letters when in fact they are proof he didn't.......

New Details Show Anthrax Suspect Away On Key Day

A partial log of Ivins's work hours shows that he worked late in the lab on the evening of Sunday, Sept. 16, signing out at 9:52 p.m. after two hours and 15 minutes. The next morning, the sources said, he showed up as usual but stayed only briefly before taking leave hours. Authorities assume that he drove to Princeton immediately after that, dropping the letters in a mailbox on a well-traveled street across from the university campus. Ivins would have had to have left quickly to return for an appointment in the early evening, about 4 or 5 p.m.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2008/08/07/AR2008080703443_pf.html


Mr Greenwald at salon has done some excellent reporting on this case and points out how this is actually an alibi....the opposite of any "proof"......

If the Post's reporting about Ivins' September 17 activities is accurate -- that he "returned to Fort Detrick for an appointment in the early evening, about 4 or 5 p.m." -- then that would constitute an alibi, not, as the Post breathlessly described it, "a key clue into how he could have pulled off an elaborate crime," since any letter he mailed that way would have a September 17 -- not a September 18 -- postmark. Just compare the FBI's own definition of "window of opportunity" to its September 17 timeline for Ivins to see how glaring that contradiction is.
http://www.salon.com/opinion/greenwald/2008/08/10/anthrax/


From FBI affidavit....
Beginning on Friday, September 14. Dr. Ivins worked the following three consecutive evenings prior to the rnailings with time spent in Suite B3:

Day          Date                       Time in Building 1435                   Total Time in B3
Friday      September 14       5:54 p.m. to 12:22 a.m.               2 hours 15 M
Saturday  September 15       8:05 p.m. to 11:59 p.m.               2 hours 15 M
Sunday    September 16       6:38 p.m. to 9:52 p.m.                2 hours 15 M

http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-124-m-01.pdf

So Mr Ivins evil genius whipped up powdered weaponized anthrax all by himself without the equipment to do it in 6 hours and 45 minutes. This is preposterous.

There was only one week between Sept 11 and Sept 18, when the first two letters (and probably another letter, never found, to AMI) were postmarked. This suggests that the anthrax was already in hand, and the attack largely planned, before Sept 11.
http://911review.org/Wget/www.fas.org/bwc/news/anthraxreport.htm

"In my opinion, there are maybe four or five people in the whole country who might be able to make this stuff, and I'm one of them," said Richard O. Spertzel, chief biological inspector for the U.N. Special Commission from 1994 to 1998. "And even with a good lab and staff to help run it, it might take me a year to come up with a product as good."
http://www.ph.ucla.edu/epi/bioter/fbitheorydoubted.html

Charles Dasey, spokesperson for the parent agency, the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, says that as far as he is aware, the only dried anthrax spores made at Fort Detrick since it stopped making weapons were made by Battelle scientists working there for DARPA. This material, made in a biosafety level 3 suite in the Diagnostic Systems Division, contained killed Ames strain at a concentration of 326 million spores per gram—several orders of magnitude less concentrated than the Senate powder and crude by current standards.
http://cryptome.info/0001/anthrax-powder.htm

Battelle is capable of more sophisticated work, as it also makes one of the world’s most advanced medicinal powders. Battelle’s pharmaceutical division, BattellePharma, also in Columbus, is one of the few companies anywhere developing electrostatically charged aerosols for inhalation.

As subcontractors, Battelle scientists have made anthrax powders for use by the Army and U.S. intelligence agencies, but rarely by Fort Detrick, which specializes in vaccine development.

http://cryptome.info/0001/anthrax-powder.htm

Here's what isn't in the FBI affidavit.....

Prosecutors could not place Mr Ivins in Princeton, New Jersey, where the letters were posted and there was no match between Ivins's handwriting and that found in the anthrax laden letters.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/2518520/Anthrax-case-against-bio-weapons-expert-staggering-for-lack-of-evidence.html

Casting further doubt on the FBI's anthrax case, accused government scientist Bruce Ivins passed two polygraph tests and a handwriting analysis comparing samples of his handwriting to writing contained in the anthrax letters, U.S. officials familiar with the investigation say.
http://www.wnd.com/index.php?fa=PAGE.view&pageId=71721

No Autopsy
the state medical examiner "determined that an autopsy wouldn't be necessary'' to determine the cause of death

http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=aGwtzOlYDSok&refer=home

But some interesting things about Bioport is in the FBI affidavit......
Beginning shortly after the first Gulf War and through 2001, USAMRIID and Dr. Ivins were the focus of public criticism concerning the introduction of a squalene adjuvant (or additive) to the AVA anthrax vaccine, which was blamed for the Gulf War Syndrome. In 2000 and 2001, as evident by the e-mail excerpts below, that same anthrax vaccine was having problems in the production phase at Bioport, a private company in Michigan responsible for manufacturing the vaccine. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) had suspended further production at Bioport, and the U.S. government, specifically the Department of Defense, was running out of approved lots of the vaccine. The situation placed pressure on select staff members at USAMRIID, including Dr. Ivins, who were part of the Anthrax Potency Integrated Product Team (TPT). The purpose of the PT was to assist in the resolution of technical issues that was plaguing Bioport's production of approved lots of the vaccines.

In early 2002, shortly after the anthrax letter attacks, the FDA re-approved the vaccine for human use, production at Bioport resumed, and anthrax research at USAMRIID continued without interuption. In 2003. Ivins received "the highest honor given to Defense Department civilians at a Pentagon ceremony on March 14, 2003" for his work in "gettins the anthrax vaccine back into production."

http://www.fbi.gov/page2/amerithrax-affidavits/08-124-m-01.pdf

What's not in the FBI affidavit in regards to Bioport.....

In 1998, BioPort simply bought the laboratory that makes the vaccine from the State of Michigan. Less than a month after BioPort took over the business, the sole, exclusive customer for the Anthrax vaccine, the US DOD granted an exclusive $29 million contract with the Department of Defence to "manufacture, test, bottle and store the anthrax vaccine."
http://www.politicalfriendster.com/showConnection.php?id1=2809&id2=1651

Admiral Crowe sits on the Board of Directors and owns 13% of BioPort Corp. According to ABC News reporter Howard L. Rosenberg: "BioPort Corp. was created solely to take over the assets of Michigan Biologic Products Institute by Admiral Crowe, his partners in a company called Intervac L.L.C. 

Admiral William J. Crowe Jr. former Head of the US Joint Chiefs of Staff and a former US ambassador to Great Britain. It seems that back when President George H. W. Bush was setting up Osama Bin Laden as a "freedom fighter" (Afghanistan's "freedom fighters" were credited with shooting down more than 270 Soviet aircraft using American made Stinger missiles in the 1980's) the good Admiral and his associates on the Joint Chiefs of Staff were, according to some reports, selling American made weapons-grade Anthrax to Saddam Hussein in the hopes that he would use it against Iran.
http://www.politicalfriendster.com/showConnection.php?id1=2809&id2=2813

Donald Rumsfeld pushed the BioPort anthrax approval through, using all the strong-arm tactics at his disposal.
http://www.politicalfriendster.com/showConnection.php?id1=2809&id2=56

The whitehouse was preparing itself for an anthrax attack at the same time the anthrax letters were being prepared....

Tuesday, Oct. 23, 2001
On the night of the Sept. 11 attacks, the White House Medical Office dispensed Cipro to staff accompanying Vice President Dick Cheney as he was secreted off to the safety of Camp David, and told them it was "a precaution," according to one person directly involved.


At that time, nobody could guess the dimensions of the terrorists' plot.

Now, Bush said on Tuesday, "There's no question that the evil-doers are continuing to try to harm America and Americans."

http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-srv/aponline/20011023/aponline201158_000.htm

Did you see the evidence on Ivins? I didn't. I saw a scapegoat for Bioport and their political connections, and how the anthrax attacks benefited them, and their cronies.
Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline jimd3100

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #11 on: February 19, 2010, 10:21:08 PM »
So this just out.....

Case closed: FBI says scientist was anthrax killer

By DEVLIN BARRETT and PETE YOST, Associated Press Writers Devlin Barrett And Pete Yost, Associated Press Writers
2 hrs 54 mins ago

 
WASHINGTON – The FBI sought to close the book on its long, frustrating hunt for the killer behind the 2001 anthrax letters Friday, formally ending its investigation and concluding a mentally unhinged scientist was responsible for killing five people and unnerving Americans nationwide.

After years of false leads, no arrests and public criticism, the FBI and Justice Department said Dr. Bruce Ivins, a government researcher, acted alone.

Ivins killed himself in 2008 as prosecutors prepared to indict him for the attacks. He had denied involvement, and his family and some friends have continued to insist he was innocent.

Investigators had tried earlier to build a case against biowarfare expert Steven Hatfill, who had worked for a time in the same military lab as Ivins, but ultimately turned away from that theory and had to pay him a multimillion-dollar settlement.

Many details of the case have already been disclosed, but newly released FBI documents paint a fuller portrait of Ivins as a troubled doctor whose life's work was teetering toward failure at the time the letters laced with anthrax were sent. As the U.S. responded to the mailings, that work was given new importance by the government, and he was even honored for his efforts on anthrax.

The documents also describe what investigators say was Ivins' bizarre, decades-long obsession with a sorority. The anthrax letters were dropped in a mailbox near the sorority's office in Princeton, N.J.

The letters were sent to lawmakers and news organizations as the nation reeled in the aftermath of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks. Postal facilities, U.S. Capitol buildings and private offices were shut for inspection and cleaning by workers in hazardous materials "space suits" from Florida to Washington to New York and beyond.

In closing the case, officials also released reams of evidence, and a 92-page summary of their findings.

To the FBI's critics, the mountain of new documents could not paper over what they say are glaring holes in the case.

"The evidence the FBI produced would not, I think, stand up in court," said Rep. Rush Holt, a Democrat whose New Jersey district includes the Princeton mailbox used in the attacks. "But because their prime suspect is dead and they're not going to court, they seem satisfied with barely a circumstantial case.

Ivins' lawyer Paul Kemp said he saw nothing new in the findings. "All they have confirmed is that they suspected him belatedly after finding out he had psychological problems," he said. "Sadly they substitute that for proof."

Authorities say Ivins' death capped a years-long cat-and-mouse game with investigators, in which he repeatedly offered to help the FBI catch the killer, cast suspicion on his colleagues and tried numerous forms of subterfuge.

After the attacks, the FBI relied heavily on Ivins' help, according to the documents, and the scientist offered agents his notebooks, his office and his e-mail. FBI agents found him easygoing and funny. He had kittens on his computer screen saver and gave one FBI agent a jar of syrup for a gift.

He passed a polygraph in connection with the probe in 2002, but investigators learned years later that he had been prescribed psychotropic medications at the time, and examiners who reassessed the results concluded he exhibited classic signs of the use of countermeasures to pass the test.
{{ LOL! There's some "scientific" proof for ya! BTW in one of the search warrents it mentions looking for any books or materials that explain how to pass polygraph tests,...guess what? They found nothing. There is no proof of this at all, how pathetic}}

Authorities say Ivins nursed a secret fascination with the sorority Kappa Kappa Gamma that dated back decades, and at one point years ago, they say, he stalked a member of the sorority.

The new documents also present a novel theory why the anthrax notes featured block writing that highlighted specific letters within words.

Investigators believe Ivins' use of the letters was part of a secret code that had two possible meanings: pointing to a colleague or stating a specific dislike of New York. Two of the letters were sent to New York — one to the New York Post, another to NBC's then-anchor Tom Brokaw.
{{LOL! Come on!}}

The anthrax case was one of the most vexing and costly investigations in U.S. history. Officials announced in 2008 that the lone suspect was Ivins. The move Friday seals that preliminary investigative conclusion.

The spores killed five people: two postal workers in Washington, D.C., a New York City hospital worker, a Florida photo editor and a 94-year-old Connecticut woman who had no known contact with any of the poisoned letters. Seventeen other people were sickened.

In 2005, investigators began to focus more directly on Ivins.

Three years later, the bureau announced that the mystery had been solved but the suspect was dead.

Authorities said that in the days before the mailings, Ivins had logged unusual hours alone in his lab at the Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick, Md.

As the FBI closed in on Ivins, the 62-year-old microbiologist took a fatal overdose of Tylenol, dying on July 29, 2008. After Ivins' suicide, FBI Director Robert Mueller said the investigation found he was the culprit, and prosecutors said they were confident he acted alone.

Skeptics — including prominent lawmakers — pointed to the bureau's long, misguided pursuit of Hatfill, who had worked in the Ft. Detrick lab from 1997 to 1999, and noted there was no evidence suggesting Ivins was ever in New Jersey when the letters were mailed there.

At the urging of lawmakers, the National Academy of Sciences has begun a review of the FBI's scientific methods in tracing the particular strain of anthrax used in the mailings to samples Ivins had at his Fort Detrick lab.
__
Associated Press writer Matt Apuzzo contributed to this report.
http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20100219/ap_on_go_ca_st_pe/us_anthrax_investigation/print

Look who was a big help in "solving" this case.....

Sandia National Laboratories was contributing important information to the FBI’s investigation of letters containing bacillus anthracis, the spores that cause the disease anthrax.

Sandia’s work demonstrated to the FBI that the form of bacillus anthracis contained in those letters was not a weaponized form, a form of the bacteria prepared to disperse more readily. The possibility of a weaponized form was of great concern to investigators, says Joseph Michael, the principal investigator for the project. This information was crucial in ruling out state-sponsored terrorism.
http://www.sandia.gov/news/resources/releases/2008/anthrax.html

This had to be done otherwise the only state sponser of this terrorism would be the United States Government. Nice work guys, but no one believes it, your "Conspiracy theory" of mother nature and the postal mail equipment, working together to give the anthrax "all the characteristics" of being weaponized, is a preposterous joke.

Now go wash your bloody hands...

Sandia National Laboratories' roots lie in World War II's Manhattan Project and its history reflects the changing national security needs of postwar America. Sandia's original emphasis on ordnance engineering — turning the nuclear physics packages created by Los Alamos and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratories into deployable weapons — expanded into new areas as national security requirements changed.
http://www.sandia.gov/about/history/highlights/index.html

And Sandia is protecting.....

Sandia is a government-owned/contractor operated (GOCO) facility. Sandia Corporation, a Lockheed Martin company, manages Sandia for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration. We seek collaborative partnerships on emerging technologies that support our mission.
http://www.sandia.gov/about/index.html

More evidence on these guys than the no evidence on Ivins....

September 27, 1996
LOCKHEED GETS ARMY CONTRACT FOR DUGWAY WORK
Author: Washington Bureau


Dateline: WASHINGTON
The Army has awarded a $44.6 million contract to Lockheed Martin to develop defenses against chemical and biological warfare - and most of the work will be done at Utah's Dugway Proving Ground, Sen. Orrin Hatch, R-Utah, said Friday.


He said the five-year contract covers testing and lab work to help protect soldiers and civilians from chemical and biological attack. Renewal options could raise the contract's value to $63 million.

Hatch said Lockheed and its main subcontractor, Battelle Laboratories, are expected to employ 100 people for the work.
http://nl.newsbank.com/nl-search/we/Archives?p_action=doc&p_docid=0F3646188E6FD602&p_docnum=1&s_accountid=AC0109051903522913173&s_orderid=NB0109051903501912812&s_dlid=DL0109051903524013234&s_ecproduct=DOC-595&s_ecprodtype=&s_trackval=GooglePM&s_siteloc=&s_referrer=&s_username=jimd3100&s_accountid=AC0109051903522913173&s_upgradeable=no

Battelle Labs did the work at Dugway....

The Battelle Memorial Institute, "a corporation involved in anthrax vaccine research", was a major contractor for the US Defense Department and also undertook work for the CIA. It had "an entire division dedicated to perfecting aerosolization technologies". It received batches of the Ames strain from USAMRIID as late as May and June 2001.
http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A36408-2001Nov29?language=printer
Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline jimd3100

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #12 on: February 19, 2010, 11:23:02 PM »




In closing the case, officials also released reams of evidence, and a 92-page summary of their findings.

To the FBI's critics, the mountain of new documents could not paper over what they say are glaring holes in the case.

"The evidence the FBI produced would not, I think, stand up in court," said Rep. Rush Holt, a Democrat whose New Jersey district includes the Princeton mailbox used in the attacks. "But because their prime suspect is dead and they're not going to court, they seem satisfied with barely a circumstantial case.


Here's the link to all the FBI documents on the case....
http://www.fbi.gov/anthrax/amerithraxlinks.htm

I've just started looking at the newly released stuff, here's just a tiny sample....


"USAMRIID also has a stock of AMES spores made for them at Dugway Proving Ground. There could be other stocks of AMES at USAMRIID, but Ivins does not know of any more than the three. Ivins does not have access to <<redacted>> AMES which is maintained <<redacted>>.  Page 3/123
http://foia.fbi.gov/amerithrax/847443.PDF

"Anyone with access to the USAMRIID <<redacted>>has access to <<redacted>>stock of the AMES strain of Bacillus anthracis. Building <<redacted>>has the AMES produced at Dugway." Page 4/123
http://foia.fbi.gov/amerithrax/847443.PDF

"Ivins has not worked with powdered or dry Bacillus anthracis. Bacillus anthracis is too dangerous to work with as a powder. Even the Medical Research & Development (R&D) Command had no idea that Dugway was working with powdered spores."

"The aerosolization research on animals at USAMRIID is all wet - mist exposure of animals to Bacillus anthracis. None of that work involves dry or powdered research." Page 5/123
http://foia.fbi.gov/amerithrax/847443.PDF

"Ivins speculated that if he were going to make anthrax to send through the mail, the first thing he would have to do would be to find someone who knew how to make the powder. He thought that this could either be <<redacted>> or someone from Dugway Proving Grounds."  page 13/123
http://foia.fbi.gov/amerithrax/847443.PDF
Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline jimd3100

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Re: The Anthrax Attacks-Ivins didn't do it!
« Reply #13 on: December 12, 2010, 12:17:50 AM »
Dr. Graeme MacQueen gives a great talk, pointing out that the anthrax attacks and 9-11 were related.



Dr. Graeme MacQueen: The Connection between 9/11, Anthrax and Iraq 05-01-10 in Walkerton pt1
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xmRNoDNH-Ps&feature=player_embedded

[2-5] Dr. Graeme MacQueen: The Connection between 9/11, Anthrax and Iraq 05-01-10 in Walkerton pt2
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IZ0ft3NaZy0&feature=related

[3-5] Dr. Graeme MacQueen: The Connection between 9/11, Anthrax and Iraq 05-01-10 in Walkerton pt3
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HEDdVPbR1Tc&feature=related

[4-5] Dr. Graeme MacQueen: The Connection between 9/11, Anthrax and Iraq 05-01-10 in Walkerton pt4
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eJVDxEiCCl8&feature=related

[5-5] Dr. Graeme MacQueen: The Connection between 9/11, Anthrax and Iraq 05-01-10 in Walkerton pt5
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=75bkUQF1lpI&feature=related
Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality

Offline jimd3100

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F.B.I. Asks Panel to Delay Report on Anthrax Inquiry
« Reply #14 on: December 12, 2010, 07:05:32 PM »
December 9, 2010
F.B.I. Asks Panel to Delay Report on Anthrax Inquiry
By SCOTT SHANE

WASHINGTON — The Federal Bureau of Investigation has requested a last-minute delay in the release of a report on the bureau’s anthrax investigation by the National Academy of Sciences, prompting a congressman to say that the bureau “may be seeking to try to steer or otherwise pressure” the academy’s scientific panel “to reach a conclusion desired by the bureau.”

Representative Rush D. Holt, a Democrat of New Jersey and a physicist who has often been critical of the investigation, made the remarks in a letter Thursday to the F.B.I.’s director, Robert S. Mueller III, saying that he found the bureau’s request for a delay “disturbing.” The F.B.I. has told the committee that it wants to turn over an additional 500 pages of investigative documents not provided previously despite the committee’s request for all relevant material when it began the review in April 2009.

“If these new documents were relevant to the N.A.S.’s review why were they previously undisclosed and withheld?” Mr. Holt wrote. The anthrax-laced letters that killed five people in 2001 were sent from a mailbox in Princeton in his district.

Michael Kortan, an F.B.I. spokesman, declined to respond to Mr. Holt’s remarks. But he said, using the bureau’s name for the investigation, that the F.B.I. “continues to work with the National Academy of Sciences to support their ongoing review of the scientific approaches employed in the Amerithrax investigation.”

The seven-year inquiry, by some measures the largest and most complex in F.B.I. history, concluded that Bruce E. Ivins, a microbiologist at the Army’s bio-defense research center in Maryland, prepared the deadly powder and mailed it to two senators and several media organizations. The F.B.I. has made public its circumstantial case against Dr. Ivins, including genetic fingerprinting linking the mailed anthrax to a supply in his laboratory and his late hours in the lab in the days before the two mailings.

Dr. Ivins killed himself in 2008 and was never criminally charged. Some of his colleagues at the Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases say they do not believe he was guilty. The F.B.I. had already paid another former Army scientist, Steven J. Hatfill, a settlement worth $4.6 million to drop a lawsuit saying the bureau had falsely accused him of being the anthrax mailer.

E. William Colglazier, the academy’s executive officer, said the F.B.I.’s request was a surprise and came after the bureau saw the panel’s peer-reviewed final report, which was scheduled for release in November. He said that the committee’s 15 members, top scientists who serve as volunteers, were “exhausted,” but that the panel had agreed to extend the study and consider revising the report in return for an additional fee, probably about $50,000, beyond the $879,550 the F.B.I. has already paid for the study.

Dr. Colglazier declined to say if the report was critical of the F.B.I.’s work but said it was “very direct.” The report sticks to science and does not offer an opinion on whether Dr. Ivins carried out the anthrax attacks, he said.

In September, the Government Accountability Office, the investigative arm of Congress, agreed to conduct its own review of the F.B.I.’s anthrax investigation, with a broader approach that also covers security measures at biolabs.

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/12/10/us/10anthrax.html?_r=2
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Offline jimd3100

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Re: F.B.I. Asks Panel to Delay Report on Anthrax Inquiry
« Reply #15 on: December 14, 2010, 11:46:22 PM »
December 9, 2010
F.B.I. Asks Panel to Delay Report on Anthrax Inquiry

WASHINGTON — The Federal Bureau of Investigation has requested a last-minute delay in the release of a report on the bureau’s anthrax investigation by the National Academy of Sciences, prompting a congressman to say that the bureau “may be seeking to try to steer or otherwise pressure” the academy’s scientific panel “to reach a conclusion desired by the bureau.”

So the FBI didn't like the report from National Academy of Sciences, and since this is an example of what the National Academy of Sciences, heard while preparing their report it's no surprise.......

Co-worker: Ivins didn't do it
Originally published April 23, 2010
The National Academy of Sciences brought in former USAMRIID microbacteriologist Henry Heine to explain spore preparation to the panel, which is tasked with investigating the science the FBI used to accuse Ivins, also a former microbacteriologist for the U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases.

Heine told the panel that the most common way of growing bacteria at USAMRIID is in flasks. Based on the number of envelopes mailed out (eight to 10), the concentration of spores in the powder (10 to the 12th power spores per gram) and the number of grams of anthrax per envelope (1 to 2 grams), he calculated there were at least 10 to the 13th power anthrax spores in the attacks. Under ideal conditions, growing anthrax in a flask could produce only 10 to the 11th power spores -- one hundredth of the total needed.

Heine refrained from talking too much about Ivins in front of the panel, simply telling them that the anthrax in question most likely would have been grown in a 100-liter fermenter.

Committee member Murray Johnston asked about the silicon found in the anthrax spores, which some have said is a sign the anthrax was professionally weaponized and others have said could have naturally wound up in the anthrax.

Heine replied that many antifoams added to anthrax to be put in a fermenter contain silicon. So if the anthrax was grown in a fermenter, then "you can achieve the kind of percentages (of silicon) found in the letters with this process."

But if the anthrax was grown in a flask, "you absolutely wouldn't expect it" to have picked up any silicon naturally.

The committee also asked Heine how the anthrax could have been dried into a powder. He replied that the FBI had asked him the same question in October 2001, and he said then and still thinks a lyophilizer would be the simplest way to dry large quantities of spores.

But "the idea of lyophilizing this actually scares the hell out of me, this material is so fine." It would have contaminated the whole room when the air and moisture was vacuumed out, he said.

He said the lyophilizer at USAMRIID was not in the containment area, and if it had been used to prepare anthrax there would have been a trail of dead animals and people leading investigators to it.

USAMRIID had a speed-vac that someone could have used, but that would dry only 30 to 40 milliliters at a time.

Heine told the FBI the only other way he could think to dry the anthrax would be to use acetone, which would pull out the water.

"I have no idea what that would do to the spores and whether they'd still be viable," he said, adding there would likely be evidence that acetone was used.

The NAS committee left after about half an hour of questioning Heine. Members already met twice to review FBI documents, and they expect a draft report to be ready by midsummer.

After the committee left, Heine expressed frustration that he had already told the FBI everything he just presented, but that no one had listened to him. FBI agents he dealt with were professional, he said, but some officials at the Department of Justice were extremely arrogant.

He said the whole investigation was filled with lies. Officials told different USAMRIID researchers their co-workers accused them of committing the attacks, just to see their reaction. They searched his vacation house and car without warrants.

They misled him about the questions they would ask him in front of a grand jury. And they tried to get him to seek a restraining order against Ivins, only days before he committed suicide, by saying Ivins had threatened to kill Heine during a group therapy session.

Heine is not the only one who does not believe Ivins was the real killer.

"At least among my closest colleagues, nobody believes Bruce did this," he said. He thinks the FBI went after Ivins because "personality-wise, he was the weakest link."

http://www.fredericknewspost.com/sections/news/display.htm?storyid=104046
Beliefs Always Trump Truth and Perception Always Trumps Reality